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tv   BBC News at 9  BBC News  November 27, 2018 9:00am-10:01am GMT

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you're watching bbc news at nine with me, annita mcveigh. the headlines: the prime minister hits the road to sell her brexit deal to the public after facing criticism from mps. she'll arrive in wales shortly. downing street insists theresa may's plan will allow the uk to strike up a trade deal with the us, after president trump suggests otherwise. i think we have to look at seriously whether or not the uk is allowed to trade because, you know, right now, if you look at the deal, they may not be able to trade with us and that wouldn't be a good thing. matthew hedges — the british academic released from detention in the uae — has arrived back in the uk. nasa releases the first image from its robot on mars — following a dramatic seven—minute plunge to the surface of the red planet. tributes to baroness trumpington, a former tory minister and government whip, who's died at the age of 96. and coming up in sport — newcastle win their third straight premier league game,
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with a 2—1victory at burnley. good morning and welcome to the bbc news at 9. theresa may is battling fresh criticism of her brexit vision — this time, from the us — as she launches a nationwide push to get the withdrawal plan accepted. today, the prime minister visits wales and northern ireland, as she tries to sell the benefits of her deal. but it's likely to be overshadowed by comments from president donald trump last night, in which he said her brexit agreement could threaten a future us—uk trade deal. it comes as downing street confirmed that the prime minister does want to defend the agreement in a televised debate
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withjeremy corbyn, ahead of the crucial vote on the deal in parliament on 11th december. our assistant political editor, norman smith, is at westminster. good morning. we will talk about donald trump in a minute and we can imagine theresa may's reaction to that particular intervention, as she begins this big push to sell the deal ahead of that vote in parliament. she has plenty on her hands at home as well to deal with, criticism from former defence secretary this morning. if anything, you sensed the difficulties mrs may is now facing in getting this bill through parliament is just getting worse and worse, with sir michael fallon, long regarded as a sort of staunch party loyalist, a supporter of the prime minister, voicing really scathing criticism of the
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deal, saying this morning it is not a good deal, she needs to get a better deal. more than that also, appearing to question whether she can survive if the deal is voted down. he was asked whether mrs may was doomed and he replied, well, thatis was doomed and he replied, well, that is up to my colleagues. it was them put to him that did not sound like much of an endorsement for the prime minister, to which he replied, well, take my comments anyway you want. and i think the concern will be that sir michael is not associated with any particular faction in the tory party, he is not associated with any group in the brexit debate, so his words carry weight. and the fee is they will influence those who have maybe still not yet made up their minds —— the fear is. all those who are uncommitted and it will make mrs may's challenge even harder. this is what he said on the today programme about that deal. my fear is this deal actuallyjust gives us the worst of all worlds.
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no guarantee of smooth trade in the future and no ability to reduce the tariffs that we need to conclude trade deals with the rest of the world. so unless the commons, i think, can be persuaded somehow that those things are possible, yes, then i think the deal is doomed. on those comments i donald trump, are they going to make a difference, do you think? well, the timing certainly could hardly be worse because not only has donald trump echoed the claim of brexiteers that we will remain so closely tied to the eu that we cannot strike our own trade deals, but he's also conveying the same message. he says it is a great dealfor the eu. a the same message. he says it is a great deal for the eu. a subliminal message that we have been rolled over by the eu. and it goes to the very heart of the debate about this agreement because for many brexiteers, the key point about brexiteers, the key point about brexit is having the freedom to strike our own trade deals. last
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night, president trump clearly seems to question that. i think we have to look at seriously whether or not the uk is allowed to trade because, you know, right now, if you look at the deal, they may not be able to trade with us and that wouldn't be a good thing. i don't think they meant that, i don't think that the prime minister meant that and, hopefully, she'll be able to do something about that. what has added to downing street's exasperation about the intervention of president trump is that one of the few clear distinctive wins for the few clear distinctive wins for the british government in the political declaration which was agreed last week is the commitment that, yes, britain will be able to strike its own trade deals. number 10 this morning said those trade deals had in effect already begun with the us because there is a joint working group between the us and uk officials looking at the possibilities for a trade deal and they have apparently already met
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five times. this morning, not surprisingly, the cabinet office minister david lidington wanted to play down the significance of the remarks by president trump. let's be clear—eyed about this, you know, the united states — under president trump or any other leader — is going to fight hard for american interests, you know. put america first is what the president has consistently said. well, you know, just as theresa may will consistently put united kingdom interests first. and whoever we're negotiating with around the world, we'll be fighting out there to get the best possible deal for british consumers and for british firms and producers, but we know that the people we're talking to will be trying to get a good deal for their countries as well. so we've got to be clear—eyed and hard—headed about those negotiations. so it is a sort of double whammy that the prime minister has suffered today. at a time when she is continuing with her grand tour, she is in wales and northern ireland today trying to sell her deal. and it has been confirmed she will hold that tv debate she hopes withjeremy
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corbyn which, in itself, has prompted another row. brexiteers are up prompted another row. brexiteers are up in arms because they say that mrs may and jeremy corbyn both backed remain in the referendum and how can you have a debate on brexit without a committed brexiteer on board? the people's vote says a big part of the debate now is about whether there should be another referendum, we wa nt to should be another referendum, we want to be involved in the debate, and the scottish nationalists have said scotland has had a clear and distinct position throughout the brexit issue, we should be there. so even the issue of trying to organise a debate looks fraught. welcome a debate would be fascinating. thank you very much for that. and that issue of the uk's ability to strike a trade deal with other countries posed brexit has been crucial throughout this process so been crucial throughout this process so let's talk about that more. our business presenter dominic o'connell is here. good morning. president trump suggesting otherwise, as we have
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reported. where are we exactly on that issue of the uk's ability to strike trade deals with other countries? you would have to say president trump reading of this is fairand president trump reading of this is fair and accurate. he said the uk may not be able to and if you go back to the withdrawal agreement and the political declaration, it talks about in the short to medium—term staying in frictionless with the eu which means no different tariffs at the border. that would stop you doing free trade deal with the us because she would want different tariffs. long—term, the political declaration talks about common or close regulatory alignment with the eu. america has different standards on things like genetically modified food, the famous corine washed chicken, so they would want their standards. so there is a big issue. both interpretations valid. eu can save the longer—term goal is to do free trade deals but i am sure president trump has been advised by the federal trade commission closely
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that their reading is a deal will not go ahead and trump is very adept at using politics and trade together. he is in the middle of a battle with china and is not afraid to be aggressive about trade and his interpretation is that america will count when it comes to doing a free—trade deal. count when it comes to doing a free-trade deal. he is comfortable talking in that sort of arena. the joint working group norman mentioned, how much progress is being made? very little, as far as we know. they have met but there are bound from doing deals until we leave the european union and trade deals take a long time. the canada eu deal took seven years and nafta 15 years. these things do not happen quickly without political will on both sides and as president trump has indicated, is that political will bear from the us? interesting, thank you very much. the british academic matthew hedges has arrived back in the uk this morning, after he received a pardon following his conviction for spying in the united arab emirates. mr hedges has always denied
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the charge and said he was carrying out research for his phd. in the past hour, he's released a statement, thanking the foreign office and paying tribute to his wife, daniela. in it, he says, "i don't know where to begin with thanking people for securing my release. i could not have done this without daniela, i hear her face is everywhere. she is so brave and strong. i thank you all once again, this is very surreal!" less than a week ago, matthew hedges was facing life in prison. now he is a free man, able to resume his personal and life. the authorities in the uae continue to believe he was a spy. he was part—time phd researcher, part—time businessman, but he was 100% a full—time secret service operative. it is possible they would have released him months ago, if the british government had only admitted as much. but that was never on the cards. the foreign secretary, jeremy hunt,
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says there is simply no evidence for the allegations. we have made it very clear for a number of months now, that we see no basis in these allegations. they have relfected on that, they have taken the action that they can, which means matthew hedges will be reunited with his family. my hopes had been shattered on so many occasions that i didn't actually know whether i should raise them up again. it hasjust come as a very sudden, very happy surprise. it now seems neither government wanted to risk a serious rupture in relations, something that seemed possible just a few days ago. but lessons will perhaps need to be learned. universities will have to ask themselves if the gulf is a safe place for academics to undertake research into sensitive national security subjects, and the foreign office will need to examine whether something could have been done earlier on to secure matthew hedges' release. paul adams, bbc news.
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tributes have been paid to the world war two code—breaker and long—serving conservative peer baroness trumpington, who has died at the age of 96. she retired from the house of lords in 2017, after serving for 37 years. the international development secretary, penny mordaunt, described her as a "trailblazer, heroine and an utterjoy". our political correspondent, sean curran, looks back at her life. a pillar of the establishment with a rebellious streak, jean barker, better known as lady trumpington, packed a lot into a long life. she was a land girl on lloyd george's farm and a code breaker at bletchley park. churchill visited us. he said, "you are the birds that laid the golden eggs, but never cackled." and that was the important thing, that we never talked. she was appointed to the house of lords in 1980 and served as a minister under bothjohn major and margaret thatcher. we were really good friends, but if i didn't agree
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with her on something, i said so. and that was very good for her. it gave her a chance to know what the opposition might say to her. in 2011, she famously gave a two—fingered salute to a colleague, who had referred to her age during a debate. her v—sign led to more on—screen opportunities, including an appearance on have i got news for you. i would like to know why, at the age of 90, i've had to sign a piece of paper in order to be on this show to say i wasn't pregnant. laughter and applause. in 2014, she published her bestselling memoirs, coming up trumps, although she told one interviewer she had neither written, nor read, the book. baroness trumpington, who has died at the age of 96.
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quite a woman! president trump has dismissed a report — by his own government which warned of the devastating impact of climate change on the united states. the document was compiled by 13 federal agencies and departments. they concluded that more frequent wildfires, storms and droughts could reduce the us economy, by as much as 10% before the end of the century. us prosecutors say donald trump's former campaign manager has breached his plea bargain agreement by lying to invesitigators. paul manafort is in custody, facing charges of tax fraud, money laundering, and illegal lobbying, and accepted a plea deal in return for an agreement to cooperate with robert mueller‘s investigations into alleged collusion between russia and the trump presidential campaign. mueller says the breach means mr manafort‘s sentencing hearing should no longer be delayed. the headlines on bbc news...
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the prime minister is on the road, selling her brexit deal to the public after facing criticism from mps , she'll she'll arrive in wales shortly. matthew hedges — the british academic released from detention in the uae — has arrived back in the uk. and nasa's probe on mars has started sending images back to earth — following its successful landing on the red planet last night the sports headlines for today, in the last hour we heard a strong statement from former england rugby union international sam burgess, blaming some of his team—mates for their early exit from the 2015 world cup, he's since switched back to by cup, he's since switched back to rugby league. a cracker of a game at turf moor last night, newcastle's third win in a row. and the wife of
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sean cox, the liverpool fan critically injured when he was attacked before a match at anfield in april says quite simply he will never be the same again. we will have much more on that including the interview with his wife coming up in the next half an hour. an "intolerable burden" has been placed on police forces in england and wales, because of "a national crisis" in mental health care, a watchdog has warned. the inspectorate of constabulary says officers were being left to "pick up the pieces" and respond to tens—of—thousands of incidents, that should be handled by mental health workers. the home office said it was investing in services and praised "police leadership". joining me now are lord adebowale — chief executive of turning point — a social enterprise and the former chair of the met police's independent commission on mental health and policing — i'm also joined by leroy logan, a former metropolitan
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police superintendent. i was just saying when i looked at the headlines the story thatjumped out at me was the story about five people with mental health issues: the metropolitan police more than eight and the metropolitan police more than eightand a the metropolitan police more than eight and a half thousand times and thatis eight and a half thousand times and that is just five individuals. you said you were not surprised by that? when i did the commission on mental health and policing what we found was in london alone the police response to mental health was higher than that for robbery and sexual effect —— offences put together. it does not, it saddens me, because it's not the best use of police time. but i'm not surprised. would it be the normal order of things that if a call comes in about an incident that the police would be
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dispatched? it's incident that the police would be dispatched ? it's difficult incident that the police would be dispatched? it's difficult to establish whether that incident involves someone with mental health issues are not. unless something comes up on issues are not. unless something comes up on the computer that says it's been tagged as somebody they know who is a persistent caller or suffers from some sort of condition, they are none the wiser and unless they are none the wiser and unless the collar can give a good description. that is true that one of the recommendations of my report was that the police should receive information, better relationships with the nhs and better technology would provide police with information about vulnerable adults in theirarea. information about vulnerable adults in their area. even if officers have information to that effect, they might still need to respond if there is not someone in terms of mental health services able to respond to that incident. one of the issues again, there are three issues, one is police practice which is hopefully improved, the other is nhs
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response. in my report i found that if you ring 999 and you are in crisis with a mental health issue if you see a policeman is present the ambulance algorithm will reduce your urgency so the police are then left having to deal with the situation without the ambulance response and without the ambulance response and without the ambulance response and without the direct clinical response. that has improved in some places, they do have police with mental health professionals on patrol and that has reduced that but it does not happen everywhere and therefore there is a risk the police will be left holding the baby as it were. that is one of the issues which is really patchy in terms of different areas, different forces and of course health trusts as well. it's this question of minimising that to make sure everyone is doing what they are supposed to do according to the protocol. it is right and proper that police training is constantly evolving so officers know how best to respond to
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someone who has a mental health issue but where, where do you draw the line if there are other more obvious policing issues which need to be attended but there are not enough officers to go around? there isa enough officers to go around? there is a big issue about austerity and priority. we have heard from various chief constables, they are saying they had to pull back from certain types of calls because they have to respond. it's a real dilemma, not only austerity to policing but all the health services and other safeguarding agencies. the health services and other safeguarding agencieslj the health services and other safeguarding agencies. i want to get both of your responses to the home office saying it's investing in services. this is a classic response, of course they are investing in services the question is how much does it meet demand? there is a £2 billion increase in spending on mental health but the question is is that enough to meet demand? is it? i am not sure it is
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to be honest, i think there is a requirement for more resources both in policing and the nhs. and leroy? of course not, that is what you have hmrc seeing exactly this. i think we have to recognise that they have to invest in agencies and public services and i think it's also there is an issue about the number of calls growing exponentially because we have traumatised communities. you hear about shootings and stabbings, that in itself creates trauma and people exhibiting and presenting certain symptoms that before they would not present. and the police should not be the agency of last resort, there are other agencies which should get there before the police and should assist the police. we write are you saying that in some insta nces we write are you saying that in some instances police are having to make the call as to whether the incident
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thatis the call as to whether the incident that is going on, whether the person concerned is a danger only to themselves or whether they are a danger to others before the police decide whether we should respond? they have to do a proper assessment, the control room when it gets the information needs to do a proper analysis of what they have got and make sure they have got the resources to respond. and the protocols they have in place. the key information is key information and police training, when police are trained to deal with mental health issue they deal with them excellently and when they are not there is a danger to themselves and there is a danger to themselves and the public. there have been cases where the police inadvertently because of lack of training had resulted in the death of individuals, that is well recorded, the use of pain restraint needs to be phased out completely but this issueis be phased out completely but this issue is a question is of supply of resource and public demand. communities are under stress. the home office praising police
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leadership, that's all very nice isn't it, but there is only so far the best leadership can go with all the best leadership can go with all the well in the world? the commissioner herself says on several occasions that the thin blue line is getting even thinner and there are still demands on their budgets. at some stage the government has to understand that investing properly to meet demand and even if they give all the money now, it will take time to build resources with those office rs to build resources with those officers because there is a high turnover of staff and when you've got people already under pressure things do give. they might not assess things as fully as the shoot and of course mistakes happen. assess things as fully as the shoot and of course mistakes happenlj think againifind and of course mistakes happenlj think again i find myself agreeing but i think it's better resources and better management of those resources , and better management of those resources, i need 27 recommendations in my report, all of which would save lives in to lend to those
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recommendations along with better resourcing. we are out of time, how many of those 27 have been implemented? a good question, i know two of them have and we are waiting on an update on whether the other 25 have. not good enough. fascinating discussion, so much detail to go into but we are appreciative of you coming along to talk about this story. the european court ofjustice has begun hearing a legal challenge, on whether the uk can reverse article 50, without permission from the other eu member states. remain campaigners are hoping the case will give britain the option to stay in the eu in the event of another referendum. adam fleming is at the european court ofjustice in luxembourg for us this morning. he is following this case closely.
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in fact he is following this case closely. infacti he is following this case closely. in fact i think we can hearfrom him injusta in fact i think we can hearfrom him injust a moment. in fact i think we can hearfrom him in just a moment. this is the grand chamber of the european court of justice where today's hearing will ta ke justice where today's hearing will take place and it's a hearing about the legal arguments, a ruling from the legal arguments, a ruling from thejudges could be the legal arguments, a ruling from the judges could be several days, weeks even months away. this case has been brought by a bunch of british parliamentarians, a member of the uk, scottish and european parliament, they want to know under what circumstances the uk's notification to leave the eu under article 50 of the eu treaty could be revoked and would it need the agreement of all 27 other eu member states to do that? they think parliamentarians need to have an a nswer parliamentarians need to have an answer for that as they think about what to do about brexit. the uk government view of this is it's a hypothetical situation and the british prime minister has no intention of taking back the letter she wrote last year which had the
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whole brexit process. as far as the eu are concerned that their lawyers will argue at such a big thing that the other countries will have to be involved. adam fleming not talking to us live but that was sent to us very recently i can assure you. experts are warning that thousands of cancer patients are dying unnecessarily each year, because the health service in england has failed to make the improvements needed. the health foundation, which campaigns for better treatment, says more needs to be done to close the gap in survival rates between the uk and other comparable countries. here's our health correspondent nick triggle. over the last 20 years, there have been four national cancer strategies. each has promised the best care for england. but the health foundation has said, while there had been progress, the nhs was still lagging behind. its analysis shows that only on breast cancer has the health service managed to actually close the gap with the best performing systems. the report warns the lack of progress is costing lives. each year, 135,000 people die from cancer.
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but 10,000 of those could be prevented if care was as good as in other nations. the think tank wants to see better access to tests and scans to speed up diagnosis, but it said services were being undermined by a lack of staff and equipment, which is delaying how quickly patients are seen. the government has already said it aims to tackle this. last month, the prime minister promised the number of cancers being diagnosed early would increase from one in two to three in four over the next ten years, thanks to the extra funding being provided to the health service. the department of health and social care said more details would be unveiled in the long—term plan for the nhs, which is expected to be published soon. nick triggle, bbc news. with me is professor sir mike richards, nhs's former cancer chief who led the review. it's a very good to have you with us, thank you for coming on. how
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first of all does the uk cancer survival rate compared to other countries? what we know is that our survival has been going up year on year over the last 20 years but what we've not been doing is narrowing the gap between ourselves and other comparable countries. there are survival rates have also been going up, apartfrom survival rates have also been going up, apart from breast cancer where we have narrowed the gap, for the other cancers in general terms we have been going up in parallel. so why has the gap narrowed with breast cancer and not others and is there a model there which can be replicated? that's a very good question, partly with breast cancer we have a screening programme and all patients are now referred very quickly by theirgp are now referred very quickly by their gp led on to hospital. the whole entry pathway for breast cancer has been improved a lot.|j notice in the report it says the role of the gp is crucial in terms of driving up cancer survival rates,
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could you explain what that means? it is the role of the gp which is crucial but not just it is the role of the gp which is crucial but notjust that, it's the gp and the next stage on, the diagnostic services and hospitals. patients first of all have to be willing to go and see the gp when they have problems, it's a good thing if they don't have to have experienced weights and we know all too often that people are having to wait to see the gp, they are swamped with work. but equally the gp needs to be able to refer people on four investigations and we know hospitals are swamped so we have to find a way through this, we have described it as having a tight gatekeeping model and we need now to find ways of increasing the number of scans we can do, the number of endoscopies we can do, the number of endoscopies we can do, the number of endoscopies we can do so that gp‘s can refer people on for those tests when they are needed. that might be to rule out cancer as well as to find cancer in some patients. and treat if
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necessary. so the real challenge in a nutshell is getting the early diagnosis isn't it? in a nutshell thatis diagnosis isn't it? in a nutshell that is absolutely right, we know we have a problem with late diagnosis and have to change that. in terms of the resources that are out there for gp's the resources that are out there for gp‘s and early diagnosis, how much more is needed, how many more resources a re more is needed, how many more resources are needed, i realise that's a big question?” resources are needed, i realise that's a big question? i cannot give you an exact figure but if we look at the number of scanners in this country we are right down at the bottom of the list of countries, something like 35 out of 37 in the number of scanners we have and we are number of scanners we have and we a re low number of scanners we have and we are low on the number of scans we can do and if we're going to do more scans we do of course need more radiologists and radiographers both to do the scans are meant to on them. we will need to invest in that, we need to look at what artificial intelligence can do for us, there are a whole range of things we need to do and i think the
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prime minister's commitment that we should have a focus on early diagnosis is extremely welcome and i look forward to whatever is coming out of the nhs long term plan shortly which i am sure will also stress this area. professor, good to talk to you, thank you. in a moment, the weather, but first, here's victoria derbyshire with what she's got coming up in her programme at ten. good morning. today, we talk exclusively to one britain's athletes. a former captain of the tea m athletes. a former captain of the team gb athletics team, dai greene, who was forced to miss five years of competing, including the olympics in rio, because of complications from having a hernia mesh implant. also today, sex work in britain looks more and more like this. women making money by selling sexually explicit images of themselves by a snapchat in the privacy of their own bedroom. it is like a proper
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business like people that single or artist that sell their own paintings, i'mjust artist that sell their own paintings, i'm just selling artist that sell their own paintings, i'mjust selling pictures and videos of me. join us at ten o'clock on bbc two and bbc and online. victoria will be with you at ten o'clock. before we get the weather forecast from max taylor, he's a couple of images our cameras. this is on the roof of the building at new broadcasting house. you can see the fog. and if we go to another camera overlooking hyde park, let's switch to that. they you go. looking really murky. let's find out what is going on. (pres) now it's time for a look at the weather. we can cross the newsroom to matt taylor. not a great morning for commuters across england and wales. frosty elsewhere but the fog is on its way to be ripped placed by wet and windy weather. sliding across northern ireland,
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heavy for a number of hours and the same into wales and north west england, preceded by snow over the higher ground and strengthening winds. remaining murky away from that with sunshine breaking through scotla nd that with sunshine breaking through scotland and eastern england. isolated showers in the north east of scotla nd isolated showers in the north east of scotland but rain is on the move into parts of south—west scotland, western england, by three o'clock. snow briefly over the tops of the pennines and the higher ground in scotland. tonight, the rain spreads east with gales for a time in the west, easing down and strengthening into tomorrow morning. tonight, not as chilly as it has been two recent nights with temperatures in single figures, but clearer frost. tomorrow, outbreaks of rain throughout the day. along to northern ireland in the morning and scotla nd northern ireland in the morning and scotland into the afternoon, sunshine in the south but tomorrow is windy with winds widely reaching severe gale force around southern and western coasts. goodbye for now. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines.
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the prime minister is on the road, trying to rally support from the public for her brexit deal, afterfacing criticism from mps. meanwhile, theresa may has dismissed president trump's suggestion that her plan would make it difficult for the uk to strike up a trade deal with the us. matthew hedges — the british academic released from detention in the uae — has arrived back in the uk. nasa has released the first image taken by its insight probe on mars, following that dramatic seven—minute plunge to the surface of the red planet. time now for the morning briefing, where we bring you up to speed on the stories people are watching, reading and sharing. as we've been hearing, two weeks to go until mps vote
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on the brexit deal and, judging by what happened in the house of commons yesterday, it could go down in flames. and that was before donald trump stepped into the fray, which he did last night. he said it sounded like a great dealfor the eu, but that the uk "may not be able to trade with us." our washington correspondent, dan johnson, explains the significance of the president's comments. well, it sounds like the president is wary of this deal and the prospect of it leading to greater uk—us trade, at least in the short—term. because the provisions of this withdrawal agreement are that during the transition period — and perhaps even for a time after that, beyond 2020 — that the uk would still be closely aligned with the eu customs union, mainly because of the northern irish issues. and it depends how long it takes to resolve those issues about trade across the northern irish border with the republic as to when the uk could actually properly fully, finally leave the customs union,
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as was promised, then the uk will be free to enter into broader free—trade agreements with other countries. so the president is foreseeing that that isn't going to happen any time soon under the latest version of the agreement that theresa may has negotiated. now, this is not the first time he's sounded this warning. he's been quite a vocal critic of what's known as softer brexit. he has been talking up the possibility of hard brexit, saying that that would be a clearer break for the uk and would enable more free—trade agreements with more other countries. he's aligned himself with brexiteers before and i think they will take heart from this. it's another instance where theresa may looks like she's without an ally. danjohnson, dan johnson, from washington. danjohnson, from washington. this is one of the most well read stories on the new site. ‘asleep' pilot overshoots australian island. air safety officials say the small plane overshot its destination in australia by almost 50km
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after its pilot fell asleep in the cockpit. he was the only person on board the plane from devonport to tasmania and investigations going on to find out what happened. and indeed, how he tha nkfully what happened. and indeed, how he thankfully managed to wake himself up thankfully managed to wake himself up before landing the plane safely. more now on the news that british academic matthew hedges has returned back to the uk this morning after spending six months locked up in solitary confinement in the uae. he was released after an appeal from britain led to him receiving a pardon. now, of course, attention turns again to another british person imprisoned in the middle east — nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, who was arrested in iran nearly three years ago and has been held ever since, in spite of pleas from the british government. her husband, richard ratcliffe, has been speaking tojohn humphrys on bbc radio 4's today programme this morning, to give an update on nazanin's case. the foreign secretary was last week in tehran, was met with the foreign minister,
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then met with other officials, met with a number of ambassadors and met with nazanin's family, clearly was very moved. clearly, the family came away very struck that he was going to be pushing for nazanin's release. he was quite strident in what he said. and we have seen a bit of a reaction to that in the iranian media. and also, in fairness, in the iranian parliament. so criticisms that he was meeting with gabriella from iranian mps. so we were sort of waiting to see what the reaction would be, if there was any more negative fallout. nothing more negative seems to have happened and he's been again pretty strong. he was on the andrew marr show on sunday. and he made a personal call for her to be released. in time for christmas. he also gave a book for nazanin, which was nelson mandela's ‘long walk to freedom'. 0h. which he put a dedication into. and also, which he gave to the iranian foreign minister to give to her, but that hasn't arrived yet.
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so he's been very clear. yesterday, when matt was released, he made a statement welcoming the fact that matt had been released and mentioned nazanin again. so you think that will have an effect, the release of matthew hedges? i mean, for us as a family, it was a lovely hopeful moment. i mean, really, really triumphant. there are many days that are fairly miserable and me coming on the media complaining. they had their breakthrough. i saw daniela with a couple of the other families last night and just to share that moment of how happy. i mean, still uncertain, because he wasn't back home at that point. yes, sure. but just, you know, the fact that there is light at the end of the tunnel. so on an emotional level, very important. and then also, the fact that the foreign secretary was signalling that he wasn't giving up on nazanin and that he had had one success, but was carrying on for more. very important for us, for all of ourfamily. i suppose a part of you must be saying, why wasn't all this pressure applied three years ago?
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we have had our ups and downs. i mean, that was one of the things actually we were talking about as families, as to what different complaints we had and so on. i think in all honesty, it was a lovely day yesterday. i'm glad that we have got the pressure that we've got now and we will see if it works. i think one of the things i was saying to different people, i think the foreign secretary has been very straightforward in his statements publicly and privately. and that builds trust with us as a family. it also builds trust with the iranians. there won't always like what he says, but they know what he means. and i think that in this complicvated situation, that is very important. and when did you last talk to nazanin yourself? on sunday and she was
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obviously pleased about all that was happening. for her, of course, the time passes so slowly. there has been progress for her but it feels like we still... for her but it feels but presumably, she was bucked up a bit? for sure. and also, her mum had given her a debrief on what it was like meeting a foreign secretary and she had made a doll, she made two dolls, one for gabrielle and one for gabriella and one forjeremy hunt's daughter and he was clearly very moved by that so she was very pleased that her gift had got through. so, yes, she remains fragile and i have conversations with her where she is very, very down again, but fingers crossed with him pushing that we will get somewhere. well, matthew hedges' family are of course very relieved to have him back home. but they also say he suffered panic
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attacks and "it will take him time to heal and recover". earlier today, another man who has gone through a similar ordeal spoke to bbc breakfast. david haigh, the former managing director of leeds united, spent 22 months in a dubai prison following a fraud convinction in 2014. here's what he had to say about his experience and recovery. within 15 hours, and literally lying on the floor of the dubai police jail being kicked and beaten and being forced to sign a false confession in arabic, much the same way we hear that matthew was. we hear that matthew wise's says he was forced to sign a false confession in a language she did not understand. when you heard that, did it take you back to your time that you spent in jail in dubai? matthew was in the united arab emirates, for very similar, like you said. yes, absolutely, up from my own time and the work i do with hundreds of ex—pats jailed unjustly, it is a standard process you hear. particularly with the false confessions. trials last one or two minutes, no access a lawyer, not much help from the embassy, poor health and solitary confinement, poor conditions, it is the same over and over again. when i saw the sentence matthew last week, the first thing that came to my head was not again. as it has happened again and again and again. you just need to look at the brits and the other
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citizens you see in the newspapers over the last few months, the ridiculous cases. young mothers with their children arrested on the emirates for having a drink. it is not, it is carrying on and on and something really now needs to be learned from this. and with all the focus hopefully that we need to address all the people left. also, it is interesting that he has been pardoned, but not acquitted, which will certainly affect any future travel plans he has, won't it?|j mean, it is a very strange system. in my case, i was held for 15 months, then found guilty, then pardoned nine days later. then accused of twitter abuse, held for five months, then acquitted. it is a very strange system. in that case, it is not an acquittal, he is still a convicted spy so he will have all sorts of issues for his life in terms of travel and going forward, but also, as we heard, he was six months in solitary confinement so thatis months in solitary confinement so that is going to have... i am sure
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he saw many horrors. in my case, it spent six months in hospital when i came back repairing broken bones and a broken mind so that's a lot for him to go through. also this morning, nasa scientists are beginning to gather data from mars, after successfully landing a probe on its surface. touchdown confirmed. there were cheers at mission control, as scientists celebrated a perfect landing on the red planet. and the robot seems to have quickly settled into its new home. it will be fascinating to see what else comes from a mission. to find out more, bbc breakfast spoke to planetary scientist katie joy and also professor tom pike, who was part of the science team behind the mission. professor pike began by explaining how difficult
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it was to make that safe landing. there are engineering challenges, to get to mars in the first place you've got to travel fast and then you've got to travel fast and then you've got to slow down very quickly, that is seven minutes of hell. then when you get to the surface, not only have you got to have slowed down but you also have to have a little bit of good luck, right at the end, you have to make sure you don't land on a great big rock. but you cannot be sure, we did not know where we were going to land, it was just going to be a matter of chance. and i shivered a little when the first high resolution image came down and we saw a huge rockjust a few metres away and if we had landed on that we would never have got that image, that would have been the end of the mission before it even started. katie, how exciting is this in terms of what you can discover? you have brought a rock, is it real? this is
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a terrestrial rock, a rock from the earth but missions like this want to decide what the inside of mars is made of, so we will use techniques to disk cover what it's made of. this is from a couple hundred kilometres down inside the earth, these green minerals. what we would like to do is tie in the seismic measurements with the type of rocks we expect inside of mars to look like and to do that in future we kind of neat sample returns, samples from mars being brought back to earth and being integrated with the knowledge of this mission and others. what is the point of all the knowledge? we want to know the differences and similarities between mars, the earth, the moon and other planets, how they formed, how they evolved, why there are differences in chemistry between their cores and interiors and crusts, so the measurements the team will be doing over the next three years are hugely exciting because they will address
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the similarities and differences with mars and the other planets and through that we can understand our own origins and how the earth first formed. that's it for today's morning briefing. sport now and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre here's sally nugent. some interesting comments today from some budgies about eagle's. in the last hour or so, the former england rugby union international sam burgess has taken to social media to criticise some of his former team—mates for their embarrasing early exit from the 2015 world cup. burgess, who's since switched back to rugby league, says he's still being made a scapegoat, after they failed to make it out of their pool and that's obviously boiled over this morning. he said: "if people actually rewatched the games i participated in you will see i added to the team. what cost us an early exit was individual egos and selfish players not following our leader. which essentially cost the coach and other great men theirjobs. tournaments are not won by the coaching staff or one player.
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it takes a commitment from the full group. i guarantee you this, i was committed but others had their own agendas. one day i will tell my side of the story but for now i love watching england rugby and cannot wait to see them as they prepare for the 2019 wc injapan." sounds like he's got a book on him. the liverpool fan critically injured before the club's match against roma in april will never make a full recovery according to his wife. martine cox has been speaking to our sports editor dan roan, seven months after sean cox suffered serious brain injuries when he was assaulted by italian hooligans. no—one has been convicted of the attack, although two men have been jailed for violent disorder. martina cox says her family has been left completely devastated. sean went to a match in april and he never came home. that is the reality of it. i miss sean, the children
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miss their dad. everyday life has completely changed, it has literally turned everything upside down. but we are just trying to muddle through it and do the best we can. there was a great match in the premier league last night, between two sides struggling to get their seasons going. after an own goal put newcastle in front at burnley, ciaran clark streched for a header to double their lead. burnley‘s sam volkes scored a brilliant header of his own to make it 2—1 but newcastle held on for their third straight win. both manchester clubs can make it through to the last 16 of the champions league tonight — city are away to lyon and united take on young boys. it's been suggested that the united team feels more pressure playing at old trafford — but managerjose mourinho has some strong words to say about that. if you feel pressure stay—at—home.
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but when i say home i don't mean stadium home, isee but when i say home i don't mean stadium home, i see home home. watch on tv. if you feel pressure to play matches at home where the people come to support, come on. i never felt pressure to play at home. could not be more clear. and that story is in a lot of the sports pages of this morning newspapers. "goggle box" says the mirror — mourinho tells his stars that if they are feeling the pressure they should stay at home and watch the match on television. the guardian goes with "that winning feeling" — a shot from the england cricketers‘ dressing room after their 3—0 test whitewash in sri lanka. they also report that england rugby players‘ £25,000 match fees may be cut, after the rfu announced a loss of over £30 million. and the express carries a line on arsenal's europa league game against vorskla poltava — they say it will go ahead on thursday, despite political tensions in ukraine. now, we don't need much of an excuse to show these pictures. this is the fantastic moment
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when england's netballers won gold at the commonwealth games in april. and the bbc will be showing every match of next year's netball world cup from the second stage onwards — live on tv and online. england continue their build—up with the first of three matches against uganda in liverpool tonight. this series will be about winning one game at a time. i am focused on uganda, they are in our group for world cup, so getting really necessary intel on them and experience, but also looking at which players excel against them and we found out at the commonwealth games that there were some players and some style of the way that the players play in our squad that actually works really well against them, so that can't be ignored. and you can listen to commentary on that match tonight on 5 live sports extra — tip off is at 7pm. at 8pm on radio 5 live, it's manchester united against young boys in the champions league. and before i go, let's show
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you mo salah's cats. there is a reason for this, i promise. he's taking a stand against government policy in his home country of egypt, where stray cats and dogs are rounded up for export — he says it mustn't be allowed. that's all the sport for now but make sure you catch sportsday at 6.30pm this evening on bbc news — and we'll have more from the bbc sports centre throughout the day. women with academic degrees are better—off financially, in their first few years of work, than men. the institute for fiscal studies looked at graduate pay and found that by the age of 29, women with a degree — earn 28% more — than women who haven't been to university. for men, the difference is 8%. the study found that the type of university and subject, also had a significant influence on salary. i'm joined byjack britton —
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he's a senior research economist at the institute for fiscal studies who wrote the report. this is a lot to say about the returns, the financial benefits of higher education. that's right, it's pretty well known people who go into higher education earn quite a lot more than those who don't. but the key value of this report is that it teases out the fact that people who typically go have background characteristics which mean they might have gone on and earn a lot more anyway. this is trying to get at the impact of going to higher education on your earnings and we find for women the impact, if the increase they are earning is by 26% for going and 28% if they go on to graduate, for men the return is quite a lot smaller but still positive at 6%. do you discover in
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this why there is a difference between men and women and white women who go to university and more than those who haven't compared to men in similar situations? there's quite a few reasons, the stark finding is that the earning of women who don't go into higher education is quite low, with several reasons for that. they might typically have children earlier than women who do go to higher education and that means working part—time and subsequently their annual earnings area bit subsequently their annual earnings are a bit more low. but it also seems that potentially there are options outside of university are a fair bit more low. they don't have the same outside options as men do. we have heard a lot lately about whether university courses are good value for money and give good return for your investment in terms of prospects. what does this report have to say about the type of university and subject and what impact it might have on future earnings? this is our important
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contribution to that discussion. we are only looking at age 29 so there are only looking at age 29 so there are prospects that the returns will change as people go through their 30s because graduates typically earn ata 30s because graduates typically earn at a faster rate through their 30s than nongraduates do. but we are seeing large variation in the returns by institution and subject choice, for example men who study medicine or economics earn more than 20% more than if not going to university with us men who study things like philosophy english, creative arts will earn less they might have done or if they have not gone to university at all. you mentioned something about people with certain characteristics who whether they go to university or not seem to do well, what characteristics are those? one of the interesting things as we can break people down by the prior attainment, we can split people into low medium and high prior attainment groups based on gcse performance and
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we are groups based on gcse performance and we a re interested groups based on gcse performance and we are interested in people with low gcse's without a science or maths a—level books we think those are the people who are on the margin of whether or not they attained university. about 4% for men is the retained average. but there is a lot of variation, there are subjects for these people, people with low prior attainment, where the returns are really good, in excess of 10% of the study things like computing or business so fast the returns are low on average there are returns for these people which yield positive returns by age 29. very interesting, thank you for coming to talk to us. a 10—year—old boy, who was diagnosed with a rare blood disorder, has been reunited with the man who helped save his life. rupert spent 80 days in a specialist unit at great ormond street hospital, on a course of chemotherapy. during that time, billy higgins, joined the bone marrow register — after he saw a woman he liked, who's now his wife — in the queue.
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billy was then found to be a match for rupert. ifeel very lucky and i can't believe that someone would do this to me and i can't believe that someone, i don't know, i can't put it into words. he is a superman. the bank of england has released a list of more than 800 scientists who have been nominated to feature on the new £50 note. to be on the it, the individual must be real, deceased and have contributed to the field of science in the uk. they include — computing pioneer alan turing, the mathematician and writer ada lovelace, telephone inventor alexander graham bell, and former prime minister margaret thatcher, who spent her early career as a research chemist. it's time for another look at the weather forecast with simon. a rather foggy start to the day and
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we had some frost around in places as well but things are changing through today, we are going to see wet and windy weather removing its way in and much of the fog while we still got some around across the midlands it will start to lift and clear particularly across eastern areas where there will be sunshine for a short time. rain moving its way across northern ireland, wales, pushing its way further east. brighter skies across wales in the south—west of england, temperatures will get up to double figures, elsewhere 7—9. windy conditions around the irish sea coasts. the wind picking up for all of us, it will clear away towards the east and will clear away towards the east and will follow on fairly quickly by another band of rain spreading into western areas for wednesday morning, frost free night, temperatures no more low than 5007, but a windy day expected for all of us particularly around northern and western areas, gales and heavy rain. hello, it's tuesday, it's 10 o'clock, i'm victoria derbyshire.
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good morning. ‘devastated' ‘bitter‘ and ‘angry‘ — that's how this former team gb athletics captain describes missing out on five years of his professional career after having hernia mesh surgery. dai greene is a world champion hurdler, and was told he'd be back competing six weeks after his operation. he wasn't. he's here for his first broadcast interview on the mesh implants which robbed him of part of his career. police are facing an "intolerable burden", responding to mental health—related emergencies. in london, police receive a call about a mental health concern once every four minutes. we speak to marcia rigg, whose brother died in police custody. we need action. we don't need shoptalk.
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