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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 30, 2018 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: president trump's former personal lawyer michael cohen pleads guilty to lying to congress over trump business interests in russia. he's a weak person, and what he's trying to do is get a reduced sentence. so he's lying about a project that everybody knew about. president donald trump arrives in argentina for the 620, where he's expected to have tense trade talks with china. the world health organization warns of a global resurgence of measles. and tackling climate change — why reducing greenhouse gas emissions will not be enough. reggae is a globally recognised
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treasure. we will hear from someone who has been officially honoured. a startling new development in the mueller inquiry into russian interference in the presidential election and whether the trump campaign colluded with russia to influence the result. president trump's former personal lawyer has now pleaded guilty to misleading congress. michael cohen has admitted making false statements about a property deal in russia in 2016. he says he lied out of loyalty to the president. mr trump's response is that his former right—hand man is lying now to prosecutors to win a shorter sentence. nick bryant reports. michael cohen was donald trump's mr fix—it — a centralfigure in the billionaire‘s business empire. but the lawyer who used to make mr trump's problems go away now potentially poses a huge problem himself for the president. mr cohen has co—operated.
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mr cohen will continue to co—operate. sentencing is set for december 12. though the fast—talking new york attorney remained tight—lipped outside court. those words from his lawyer are a startling new development. it means he's sharing information with the russian collusion investigation. up until now, michael cohen has been prosecuted by investigators based here in new york. but what makes this so significant is that it's the first time he's been charged by and entered into a plea agreement with robert mueller, the special counsel looking into allegations of collusion between the trump presidential campaign and the kremlin. inside court, he pleaded guilty to making false statements to congress about a real estate project that would have altered the skyline of moscow — a proposed trump tower in the russian capital. talks about the project had continued well into 2016, he admitted, the year of the
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presidential election. donald trump had been more extensively involved. he'd also been in contact about the project with a key figure in the kremlin — the spokesman for vladimir putin. speaking in court, cohen said he'd made these misstatements out of loyalty to a figure described as "individual1". "individual1" is president donald trump, who today trashed his former right—hand man. he's a weak person, and what he's trying to do is get a reduced sentence. so he's lying about a project that everybody knew about. i mean, we were very open with it. last week, donald trump provided a series of written answers to robert mueller. and the president's legal team said tonight his responses about building a trump tower in moscow lined up with what michael cohen said in court. the president has intensified his attacks on robert mueller — "a rogue prosecutor", he says, "leading a mccarthy—style witch—hunt." but one thing mr trump might ponder on the long—haul flight to the g20 summit in argentina is how today's
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legal developments have made it much more difficult to fire him. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. an update on that. president trump is now in argentina for a meeting of the world's leading economies, the g20. he's cancelled several planned meetings, including one with vladimir putin. the official reason given is that russia has still not released ukrainian ships and sailors it seized last sunday near crimea. i asked our correspondent peter bowes if there was a suspicion that mr trump might also have other things on his mind with the michael cohen revelations. yeah. a lot of suspicion because of the timing of that tweeter. just really a few moments earlier, a few minutes earlier, before, as he was leaving the white house to make that long journey to argentina, he said that the meeting was still on with president putin. something seems to
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have changed in a short space of time, leading up to that tweeter, saying he wouldn't be meeting the russian president. certainly nothing has significantly changed regarding the situation from last sunday and those ukrainian ships. what has changed a lot in the last 12 hours 01’ changed a lot in the last 12 hours orso, of changed a lot in the last 12 hours or so, of course, the russia investigation and his former lawyer admitting that he misled... that he lied to congress about a deal involving russia and his former boss, donald trump. this all relates to the timejust boss, donald trump. this all relates to the time just before the presidential election campaign, although, of course, as we now know, the negotiations for that potential trump tower in moscow in fact continued up until the middle of 2016. so the timing of all of this just seems rather odd and. and peter, isuppose just seems rather odd and. and peter, i suppose the optics, as they say, would not be good as they say, vista trump meeting president putin straight after this news has
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broken. but he's right, he has said it, it's true, it's not illegal to pursue business interests while you're campaigning as president. he said he didn't know he'd be president, he didn't want to miss out on opportunities. well, the president's explanation he gave as he left the white house to many people seems very plausible, that he was essentially a businessman. yes, he was standing for president, but at that stage he was free to do business and pursue his financial interests. he may not have won the presidential campaign, he may have been back doing business and building buildings around the world right now. and that was in his mind. he decided, he said, eventually not to go ahead with that because he wa nted to go ahead with that because he wanted to concentrate on his campaignfor wanted to concentrate on his campaign for president. but the optics are unusual, and a lot of people saying if he had met president putin, of course, it would have been an opportunity to challenge him, to perhaps criticise him in relation to the situation
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with those ukrainian ships, something which other world leaders, angela merkel of germany says she plans to do when she meets vladimir putin. peter bowes for us there. let's get some of the day's other news. the current outbreak of ebola in the democratic of congo is the second biggest recording according to the health industry. 26 cases and probable cases are confirmed in and around the town of beni. 0nly probable cases are confirmed in and around the town of beni. only the epidemic of 2013 and 2016 was bigger. a man already imprisoned for murder has now confessed to 90 killings in the us, across four decades. samuel little, who's 78, is currently serving life. he was sentenced in 2014 for the murders of three women. the fbi believe he may be among the most prolific serial killers in american criminal history. a japanese airline pilot has been jailed for being about nine times over the legal alcohol limit just as he was about to fly a passengerjet out of heathrow. katsutoshi jitsukawa was stopped by security staff last month
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in the cockpit of the japan airlines flight to tokyo. he's been sentenced to 10 months in prison. there's been a big increase in the number of cases of measles around the world, with many countries having experienced severe and protracted outbreaks last year. a report by the world health organization shows a rise in cases in almost every region of the world. caroline rigby reports. measles is one of the most contagious diseases in the world. for most people who contract it, it's highly unpleasant, but in more severe cases, it can lead to complications such as blindness, neurological problems and even death. but through immunisation programmes, like at this clinic in sierra leone, it is preventable. a brief discomfort which can be life—saving. yet data from the world health 0rganization points to a worldwide resurgence in measles, an increase across the globe
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but particularly in latin america and europe. experts say complacency and the collapse of health systems in countries such as venezuela are behind the rise, as well as a worrying trend in fake news around vaccinations spread through sociasl media. we are also seeing in the wealthy countries that there are cases of measles which are spreading throughout the community and this is potentially being driven by hesitancy towards the vaccine, parents being worried about vaccinating their children. tha data shows that many countries experienced severe and protracted outbreaks last year. more than 170,000 cases of measles were officially reported in 2017. a jump of more than 30% on 2016. but the world health organization estimates the true figure was closer to seven million cases, with more than 100,000 deaths, the majority of which were children. for years, the proportion of people
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catching measles had been on the decline, but according to this latest report, only the western pacific region is showing that trend. a situation health officials say is disappointing for a disease which is entirely preventable. caroline rigby, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: tackling climate change. scientists look for new ways to capture carbon. it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums, which have sprung up around the factory. i am feeling so helpless that the children are dying in front of me and i can't do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippy cult suspected of killing sharon tate
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and at least six other people in los angeles. at 11am this morning, just half a metre of rock separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite numberfrom dover. this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: donald trump's former personal lawyer michael cohen has pleaded guilty to lying to congress about trump business contacts with russia. president donald trump has arrived in argentina's capital,
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buenos aires. he has cancelled several meetings but it will be a high—stakes g20 summit. seth abramson is author of proof of collusion, which looks into the relationship between the trump election campaign and russia. he says the evidence of illegality against the trump election campaign is growing. well, in fact, it could be illegal. there's a buzzfeed news article that came out this evening indicating that michael cohen, as well as felix sater, another business associate of donald trump, were planning to gift the $50 million penthouse in trump tower moscow, to vladimir putin. so there's the possibility of bribery there. there's also the question of whether donald trump was lying to american voters about the basis for his historicly pro—russia foreign policy of unilaterally dropping sanctions on russia and, if he was lying, there's the possibility of conspiracy to defraud the united states. the buzzfeed allegations and i think they're in the new york times as well, buzzfeed quite some time ago,
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none of that proven. what about this issue — the president says, "look michael cohen is lying about something that was no secret. everybody knew about it." in fact, he did say he had no business ties to russia. he's kept on saying that. yes, he said that consistently from the very beginning of his campaign. i think we have to remember that michael cohen is the 20—year lawyer, fixer and consiglieri for donald trump, and he has repeatedly praised his character over the years. so for him to now call him weak and a liar suggests that the president simply does not like what michael cohen is saying, because he has certainly vouched for his charcter many times in the past. and if any of this is true, if people took the risk of lying, you have to ask, of course, what they were trying to cover up, what was worth taking that risk? well, in my book, proof of collusion, the theory of the case that's presented and is supported by hundreds of major media reports from around the world and from the last few decades, is that there was a quid pro quo in which donald trump got billions of dollars in assets from russian clients for his real estate organisation, from russian oligarchs connected to the kremlin, in exchange for, as i mentioned,
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an historically pro—russia foreign policy, in which the us would benefit not at all and donald trump and his administration would unilaterally drop all sanctions on the russians over their 2014 annexation of crimea. we can't take any position on that, of course. all this may or may not come out in the fullness of time. i guess what the president's legal team must be looking at very closely, and the mueller inquiry, of course, is whether there's a perjury risk here. whether the president's written testimony to the mueller inquiry contradicts what michael cohen is telling them. well, we don't have access to the answers that donald trump gave to robert mueller. i know that president trump's attorney, rudy giuliani, is saying that president trump's answered matched what michael cohen said, however, i will point out many americans following this case closely know this, rudy giuliani's statements in the past, in some instances, have turned out not to be accurate so there is that question as to whether the president has additional legaljeopardy based upon how hw answered those questions about his 2015 trump tower moscow deal with andrey rosov. scientists looking at climate change say that 20 of the warmest
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years on record have come in the past 22 years. and the research by the world meteorological 0rganization says four of the hottest have all been in the past four years. experts calculate that reducing emissions of greenhouse gases won't be enough because removing the gases will become evermore important. 0ur science editor david shukman investigates. every hour, all over the world, more and more carbon dioxide is being pumped into the air. and scientists say we've got to find a way of doing this. pulling the carbon dioxide back out again. watch your footing. in south wales, ijoin researchers who believe they may have found an answer. this is a slag heap, a mountain of waste left over from an old iron works. what they've found here is that this stuff actually draws in carbon dioxide. phil renforth and his student sarah gore show me how this works. adding some slag to a bottle, and then giving it a blast
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of carbon dioxide. in the space of a few minutes, the gas binds to the minerals inside, and the bottle starts to collapse inwards. so could this be done on a worldwide scale? globally, we produce about 0.5 billion tons of slag around the globe and that could capture something in the order of 0.25 billion tons of c02, so it's not going to do everything, but it might do something relevant for us. just sitting here, the material doesn't absorb much of the gas, so a new process will have to be devised to do something useful. but that is technically feasible. this is just one tiny fraction of the legacy of the industrial age, and it's an amazing thought that the iron and steel industries which produced all this stuff and generated so much of the carbon dioxide that has been warming the planet may now have a role in helping to limit the rise in global temperatures. newsreel: sheffield,
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capital of steel, heart of a great industry. in the boom years of steel production, what mattered was the volume of output. no—one back then worried about all the carbon dioxide being released into the air. but now at sheffield university, that's what they're trying to deal with. in an underground laboratory, plants are grown in carefully monitored conditions. instruments keep track of every detail, and mixed into the soil is a powder — it's rock that's been ground up. this is a major project to see if agriculture can help tackle climate change. these plants look normal enough, but they're part of a highly unusual experiment that could prove incredibly useful. that's because the scientists here have worked out that adding powdered volcanic rock to the soil massively increases the amount of carbon
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dioxide that's drawn out of the air, and because that's the gas that's driving the rise in temperatures, anything to help get rid of it could make a difference. the world needs to wake up to the fact that we need to reduce our emissions and combine it with technologies for removing c02. and at the moment, we have no idea how to remove billions of tons of c02 from the atmosphere. and how hard could it be? it could be — it's an enormous technological challenge, that dwarfs anything that we've seen before. and all the time, the more carbon dioxide builds up in the air, the more urgent it becomes to somehow get it out. david shukman, bbc news. learning the anatomy of the human body is perhaps one of the most difficult, but fundamental parts of medicine. but, with a worldwide shortage of cadavers, getting access to actual human bodies is very difficult. katie silver went along to meet an anatomy professor in singapore who's come up with a novel way to allow medical students to get hands on with the human body.
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let's explore the anatomy of the heart... medical students attempting what many of us might see as impossible, trying to learn and memorise human anatomy. because of the intricate structures. traditionally, students have used plastic models to learn about the body, but they are rigid and generally not anatomically accurate. there are also plastinated cadavers, real human bodies injected with plasticine, but they also have their drawbacks. they are expensive, they are fragile, they are delicate. and because they are actual human bodies, they are very hard to come by. professor mogali was searching for a better way. so when i reading i learnt
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about 3—d printing technology has been applied and i thought we can also use this technology. others in the field had 3—d printing models of human body parts. professor mogali took this a step further. he realized, if they use multiple different materials they could make parts of the body such as the veins or bones feel different and even be different colours. here, after 15 hours on the printer, you have an anatomically correct model of the heart. it is painstaking. now this model looks beautiful but to produce this model, there were a lot of hours behind it. for the students it makes it impossible that little less challenging. for finer structures, like maybe the face or the head, there's a possibility of maybe enlarging the specimens to make it more easyfor younger students to identify them. relatively cheaper and easier to replicate, they can be used in countries that may otherwise, perhaps for religious reasons, not have access
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to real human cadavers, helping to better educate the next generation of doctors. katie silver, bbc news, singapore. there have been celebrations injamaica and at a unesco meeting in mauritius, after reggae music was put on a list of global intangible cultural treasures. this was the moment the announcement was made. # ‘0ne love' by bob marley plays you get the feeling that is the way every announcement should you may. —— should be made. unesco said reggae contributed to the international discourse on issues of injustice, resistance and humanity. also added to unesco's list is the art of water measuring in algeria, hand puppetry in egypt
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and traditional massai male rites of passage on kenya. for more on this, i've been speaking to wayne hall, a radio presenter at reggae vibes radio, which broadcasts around the world. i began by asking what impact the recognition will have on reggae music. every reggae—loving person isjust tickled, we are rejoicing, we are happy. we are experiencing reggae music possibly going to even higher highs. what will it mean? it has to put an official seal on what a lot of people have experienced with reggae music over the years. you mention of resistance, a voice against injustice, reggae music was loud and clear for instance, when apartheid reigned in south africa. social commentary is a big part
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of it, even injamaica. this is going to get even more attention in a positive way with this recognition by unesco. it music industry terms, hip—hop has taken over the world, but reggae is still a big deal? reggae is a big deal. i mentioned to someone earlier, it is almost like having a vital organ when you are from jamaica, that functions outside of your body. it is a big deal, it represents such a big escape for people who are dealing with all kinds of struggles. it also is a means of celebration and we are very proud that reggae music is just about in every culture you can name in the world, is aware of reggae music thanks to people like bob marley, the wailers. you mentioned it is
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like a vital organ. i remember taking our kids to one of the first reggae gigs and one of my daughters, talking about the walking bass, she said she could feel the music inside the bass. as physical as it can be, mental and emotional. itjust hits you. like bob marley said, one good thing about music, when it hits it, it you feel no pain. i am sure she felt no pain, but felt the music. there are some genres in reggae. which is a dominant at the moment? reggae and dancehall, the dancehall element is extremely popular, but reggae music is still there, the one drop
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is not going anywhere. dancehall has climbed over the years to be a big factor. a boy who wrote a note to the uk postal service asking them to deliver a birthday letter to his father "in heaven", has had a reply. the royal mail told jase hyndman they'd had a difficult challenge avoiding stars and other galactic objects on route to heaven, but assured the 7—year—old his father had received it. more on all the news on the bbc website. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcmikeembley. thank you very much for watching. hello there.
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yesterday was a really dramatic day of large and crashing waves and some very strong gusts of wind. the top gust was recorded on the western edge of the isle of wight, at the needles — a gust of 82 miles an hour recorded here. 72 in plymouth, 72 as well in capel curig, in conwy in north—west wales. there were a number of sites that got into the 60s too. the area of low pressure that brought those strong winds was this one just heading to the western side of norway at the moment. the main parent low was still to the north—west of scotland and that is what is continuing to bring these strong winds. at the moment we are seeing a number of heavy showers flowing in to the western side of scotland and it will stay very windy here. windy too for northern ireland, north—west england, even further south. the winds are noticeably brisk, although continuing to gradually ease down. there's still some showers coming
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in to southern wales and southern counties of england. not entirely dry but, if you're heading outside over the next hour or two, it's not particularly cold. temperatures between 4 and 7 degrees for many of us. those strong winds will continue to push in across scotland, particularly the northern isles, actually, where i think we could gusts as strong as 50—60 miles per hour, perhaps even a touch stronger than that in the northern isles, for a time. band of rain pushes through here, followed by plenty of showers. so that's how things will start off, with those brisk winds continuing to blow the showers in for much of the day. good news though, with those strong winds is the downpours do not last too long, they move across the sky pretty quickly, with some brighter spells interspersed. showers continuing for wales, north—west england. still a few across southern counties of england, although these will probably get a bit rarer as we head into the afternoon, the weather becoming a bit drier. mild for most. temperatures reaching a high of 12 degrees towards the south. and then we'll take a look on into the all—important weekend forecast. we're looking at this next area of low pressure bringing another bout of rain across england and wales.
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that rain is going to be very slow to clear its way eastwards. across east anglia, south—east england, it will be raining for much of the day. the rain quite slow to ease up as well, across northern counties of england, once its set in here. further north, for scotland and northern ireland, there will be some sunshine around but we are into the cooler air here. temperatures between 6 and 8 degrees celsius. still pretty mild though further south reaching a high of around 13 degrees. more rain in the forecast for sunday. clearing away quickly across eastern areas with some sunshine following. it will be very windy. uncertainty at how far north this band of rain will reach. could push well into scotland as we head into sunday so there could be some rain around at times. temperatures on the mild side, looking at highs of around 111—15 degrees. that's your latest weather. bye for now. this is bbc news, the headlines: donald trump's former personal lawyer has pleaded guilty to misleading the mueller investigation into russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. michael cohen has admitted lying to congress about a project to build a trump 0rganization skyscraper in moscow. the president has responded, claiming mr cohen is lying now to get a reduced jail sentence. mr trump has touched down in argentina's capital,
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buenos aires, for the g20 summit. he has cancelled several planned meetings at the last minute, including one with vladimir putin. at a time of growing differences over trade, climate change, and global security, he is expected to have tense to have tense trade talks with china. the united nations' cultural organisation, unesco, has added reggae music to its list of global treasures. reggae, which takes its influences from calypso, jazz and the blues, grew out of jamaica in the 1960s thanks to artists like bob marley. now on bbc news, it's hardtalk.
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