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tv   BBC News at 9  BBC News  November 30, 2018 9:00am-10:01am GMT

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you're watching bbc news at 9 with me, annita mcveigh — the headlines: tackling type 2 diabetes — the nhs is to offer thousands a low—calorie, liquid diet in a bid to reverse the condition. i have lost so much weight! ifeel better, i feel... happier. rail fares increase for millions of commuters, by an average of three 3.1% from january. theresa may arrives in argentina for the 620 summit — as she warns mps to think about their constituents — ahead of a crucial vote on her brexit deal. ukraine's president bans russian men from entering the country as tensions between the two sides esclates. has an agreement been made to stop the blackout on sark? we'll be live on the channel island to find out. leave it for the ring — after ugly scenes at their press conference — tyson fury and deontay wilder
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are warned they won't be paid if their weigh—in boils over tonight. good morning — and welcome to the bbc news at 9. a liquid—only diet ofjust 800 calories a day will be prescribed to thousands of patients with type 2 diabetes. the nhs in england is piloting the treatment, after a trial helped more than half of those involved to reverse the condition. in the uk, more than three million people are living with type 2 diabetes — a condition that's strongly linked to diet and lifestyle. treating people with type 2 diabetes costs the nhs 8.8 billion pounds a year. and according to public health england, the number of diabetics will rise by one million by 2035.
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here's our health correspondent dominic hughes. it's about cutting down. you know, small steps... at a community centre in leeds, the battle against diabetes is under way. reducing portion sizes and how frequent you have these naughty foods and all that... all the people here were on the cusp of developing type 2 diabetes. now they've been helped to lose a bit of weight and think about what they're eating. everybody should be educated about how we eat, what we eat, why we eat and when we eat. i've lost so much weight. i feel better, i feel happier. an estimated 12.3 million people in the uk are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. a quarter of a million people in england have already been referred to the special prevention programme, like the one running in leeds. on average, they've lost nearly likg, so now the scheme is being extended. weight loss is well and good, and we're delighted with the weight—loss trajectories that we've seen in participants on the programme.
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of course, what counts at the end of the day is whether we are preventing type 2 diabetes from arising. that takes a little longer. and there is help too for those who have already developed type 2 diabetes. a recent trial of a very low calorie diet using liquid meals has helped almost half of those involved to reverse the condition. i decided to do something, walk around the house... that project is also being rolled out more widely, reflecting the growing concerns of the impact diabetes is having on our health. dominic hughes, bbc news. professor mike lean is from glasgow university, and was one of those who carried out the trial. good morning to you, thank you for your time today. this programme has been running for three years to prevent people at risk of getting type two diabetes in the first
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instance, but this trial is arguably even more dramatic and ambitious, to stop, to get people who already have the condition and reverse it? yes, it's a daring thing that has never been done before, can we turn the disease around intentionally? we found that yes, you can. in about nine out of ten cases we can turn people with type two diabetes into people with type two diabetes into people who no longer have the disease and all of the complications of the disease. this used to be called mild diabetes when people would get it in their 70s and in the 80s but now we see people with it in their 50s, 60s or even their 40s with terrible complications. turning this disease around for the 3 million or more people in the country would be a huge challenge and the pilot scheme announcement is and the pilot scheme announcement is a big step forward. we've done research and we know it is possible and can be done with primary care and can be done with primary care and with substantial weight loss it
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isn't easy but it's less tough than chemotherapy for a cancer which is a less serious disease than type two diabetes. in the trial last year, i thinkjust a little over half of the people who took part, their condition was reversed which was a fantastic success rate. why did it work for some of those people on the trial and not others? good question. the answer is quite simple— those who lost about two stone in weight, nine out of ten it reversed it. it is potentially reversible and for those who did not manage to reverse it, mostly it was that they found it too tough and could not get enough weight loss. the diet is challenging, existing on these shakes alone for three months? that is clearly a challenge, isn't it. shakes alone for three months? that is clearly a challenge, isn't itm is clearly a challenge, isn't itm is and the programme we are using is not just the shakes is and the programme we are using is notjust the shakes and liquid diet, this programme lasts two years and
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is programmed for weight loss maintenance. the main thrust is long—term and most people with a weight problem know they can lose weight problem know they can lose weight but they find the biggest difficulty is maintaining their weight loss when they go back to the world that led to this weight gain in the first place. count weight plus, this programme has the evidence and it is a carefully structured programme that went on for two years, structured programme that went on for two yea rs, we structured programme that went on for two years, we are now moving into the third year of maintaining the weight loss. the main thrust is get as much as we can in the first months and we know how to get that and get better at it. use the long—term maintenance to keep the weight off in future. that's key, making sure that it does not return. who is a suitable candidate for the programme? if viewers watching this morning with type two diabetes are thinking, this would be an amazing opportunity for me to try and reverse this condition, who would be
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suitable? i think the first step is to bite the bullet and say, if you develop type two diabetes, we should not waste any time. we know that the cumulative time effect of having the disease adds to problems in the long run. the sooner we disease adds to problems in the long run. the sooner we can disease adds to problems in the long run. the sooner we can offer this, the better. there may be other signposts. this scheme will do various things like deciding when is the best time to offer a chance of remission, on day one, when you are first found to be diabetic or when someone first found to be diabetic or when someone thinks of adding a drug. if you are going to wait, why would you wait? it's about resources and managing them in such a way so we can offer them to the maximum number of people. it is possible for people to reverse diabetes on their own, we have a lot of anecdotal evidence of people getting on top of the disease by ha rd people getting on top of the disease by hard work. 0thers need support and the biggest challenge is in deprived population sectors where
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diabetes and obesity is more common. and managing the care of diabetes is more difficult. that is where the biggest focus should be for the future, to make this available to as many people as possible. ethically, why would you not offer this chance of remission? knowing that at least half of everyone who gives it a go will get a remission and potentially nine out of ten can do it if they lose enough. it's an ethical question. it's really good to talk to you, thank you for your time this morning. rail passengers can expect an increase in train fares of more than 3% on average next year. the rise, announced by industry body the rail delivery group, comes after a year of timetable chaos, strikes, and delays on some parts of the network. 0ur correspondent theo leggett is at london bridge station. iimaginea i imagine a welcome this news is going down like a lead balloon?” have had a word with some commuters this busy morning and it's fair to say that they are not happy. 0ne
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chap i spoke to was filling in his claim fora chap i spoke to was filling in his claim for a delay he had experienced this morning. he said to me, why, if we are experiencing all of these delays, our prices still going up? price increases on the railways are something of an unpopular winter tradition in this country. it isn't as bad as it could be, on average ticket prices are going up by 3.1%, a little below the retail price index rate of inflation on which these kinds of things are measured but nevertheless, if an increase, it will put £100 on the cost of some more expensive season tickets and so on. so how does the industryjustify all of this? to explain a bit about that, i am joined all of this? to explain a bit about that, iamjoined by all of this? to explain a bit about that, i am joined by robert nisbet of the rail delivery group. what is your message to commuters? why do your message to commuters? why do you have to increase prices now? nobody wants to pay extra for their fa res, we nobody wants to pay extra for their fares, we understand that. but i can explain why prices are going up. the
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rail industry, like others, is coping with rising prices as it goes about its business. staff wages are going up and fuel prices, but what we've done is looked at what the government has set with regulated fares at 3.2% and tried to shield passengers as much as possible from the greater extent of inflationary pressure by pegging our increase a little below that so the average now, as you say, is below rpi, the rate of inflation. it has been a tough few months, we acknowledge that. there may timetable change led to pockets of real difficulty for passengers. in parts of the country. we have apologised for that but today we say that the fare increases have helped to fund the day—to—day running of the railway and allowed for billions of pounds of extra investment to be targeted where it is really needed, in stations like this at london bridge, liverpool lime street, aberdeen, and also new
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rolling stock which passengers have been asking us for. people have been saying to me this morning that this year has been the worst of many. we get delays and strikes on a regular basis and this year, because of the timetable fiasco and everything else, it's been worse. wasn't there a case on this occasion for fares to be frozen? if they were frozen, how would we cope with the extra investment? maybe, full one year, if those fares were frozen you would be able to carry out the investment programme but afterwards, then it would be the taxpayer who would fund the extra investment. if passengers wanted the service improved. we have got a long—term commitment, a plan, together as an industry to increase the numberof together as an industry to increase the number of services and carriages. 7000 new carriages by the 20205, and we want to continue to put the money where it will be appreciated most. robert, thank you. these rises will come into force on
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the 2nd of january. these rises will come into force on the 2nd ofjanuary. i guess in another month or so we will be talking about this a lot more... theo leggett, thank you. theresa may, who's arrived in argentina for the g20 summit, has urged mps to think about the views of their constituents when they vote on her brexit deal next month. mrs may said that her tour of the uk this week had given her an "overwhelming sense" that people wanted parliament to back the agreement. 0ur political correspondent iain watsonjoins me now. good morning, theresa may may be in argentina selling global britain that she is staying on message, that the appeal to the public and trying to get mps to back her deal, and also, she is doing this increasingly in the last couple of days, attacking labour. saying, what deal would they bring to the table? that's right, one of the more interesting things she said on the flight interesting things she said on the flight to bonus errors. there is no
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escape from reporters, they are on the plane with her but she did not divert from the line that constituents should put pressure on mps to get on with brakes and get a deal that she was trying to portray labour —— brexit. there are criticisms of the irish backstop arrangement, the hard border in ireland that would prevent them getting a deal if they were in charge of negotiations. what was interesting was only her attempt to, if you like a shift the blame and defeat on december the 11th, effectively she was rehearsing some of the lines i think she would deploy if any of the tv debates actually go ahead. she would want a clear dividing line with labour, that she has a plan and a vague idea of what would happen. now, i think the difficulty in these debates is thatjeremy corbyn
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the difficulty in these debates is that jeremy corbyn wants the difficulty in these debates is thatjeremy corbyn wants a head—to—head with theresa may and the bbc feels it has to include a range of voices, including those who wa nt range of voices, including those who want another referendum. therefore, they suggest audience participation. we've not overcome that hurdle yet but what is happening in westminster is an attempt to neutralise to raise av is an attempt to neutralise to raise as potential attack. the chair of the brexit committee hilary benn is trying to amend the vote on december the 11th to say that if the deal fails, parliament would commit to finding an alternative deal. he is not setting out what it is that saying there should not be a nodal option. he has support from some conservatives —— make no deal option. but interestingly, not only has jack straw, the former labour secretary, and jack and said if that is to succeed, we want no deal off the table and that will clear the way for a new referendum.
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manoeuvring ahead of the vote has started in earnest, and politicians are started in earnest, and politicians a re clearly started in earnest, and politicians are clearly getting the dividing lines out there but interestingly, those dividing lines are notjust between jeremy corbyn those dividing lines are notjust betweenjeremy corbyn and theresa may but sometimes within the main political parties themselves. iain watson, thank you for that. 90 of manoeuvring ahead. theresa may is that the g20's summit which is getting under way later. with tension over trade complicating relationships among many world leaders. 0ur diplomatic correspondent james landale has the latest from buenos aires. throughout the day and night, they arrived. more than 20 world leaders gathering supposedly to agree new plans to improve global trade and protect the environment, but this summit is likely to be defined as much by what divides these leaders as unites them. donald trump has launched a trade war on china. he'll meet president xi for the first time since new tariffs were imposed, but few expect a break—through here. president putin is likely to face tough questions of russia's seizure
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of three ukrainian vessels in the black sea. president trump said he wouldn't meeting the russian leader until the confrontation was resolved. mohammed bin salman, the saudi crown prince, is also in town. he'll be looking to repair his reputation after the murder of the saudi journalist, jamal khashoggi. the french president said the world was still looking for answers. theresa may is here to bang the drum for her brexit deal, to win what international support she can while trying to reassure her counterparts that britain will still be open for trade come what may. this is the first g20 summit in south america, and many argentines are keen to shine an international spotlight on their own economic troubles, protesting loud and clear about the own government's performance. almost ten years ago, world leaders came together to revive the g20 so they could tackle the global financial crisis in one united body. well, here, a decade on,
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such unity may be hard to find. james landale, bbc news, in buenos aires. the headlines on bbc news... the nhs is to offer thousands a ultra low—calorie, liquid diet in a bid to reverse type 2 diabetes. rail fares will rise by an average of 3.1% injanuary — the biggest increase for five years. theresa may arrives in argentina for the g20 summit as she urges mps to think about their constituents rather than reject her brexit deal. here are the sporting headlines. tyson fury and deontay wilder have been warned any repeat of this at their pre—fight weigh—in later could mean they lose their fight purse. they meet in their world heavyweight boutin they meet in their world heavyweight bout in los angeles in the early hours of sunday morning. it was a chance for arsenal's youngsters to shine in the europa league last night.
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they secured the top spot in the group with a win over vorskla poltava in ukraine. and celtic have given themselves a chance of qualifying for the last 32 — their 1—0 win over rosenberg leaves them needing a point from their final group game. i'll be back with more on those stories later in the hour. breaking news this morning. ukraine is banning russian men from entering the country. president petro poroshenko said he wanted to prevent the formation of "private armies", and a repeat of what happened in 2014 when russia seized crimea and supported a rebel uprising in eastern ukraine. 0ur correspondent jonah fisher is in kiev. hello to you. the concern of the president about the formation of private armies. how real is that concern? as you mentioned the
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president referred back to what happened in 2014 when the so—called little green men were involved in the seizure of crimea. and then russia backed rebel groups in eastern ukraine. what he is saying in this move which will affect russian men aged between 16 and 60 he want to enter ukraine, he is saying that move is being taken to stop the formation of private armies and stop a repeat of what happened four and and stop a repeat of what happened fourand a and stop a repeat of what happened four and a half years ago when brasher effectively managed to start this war in eastern ukraine by arming and equipping rebel groups and to take crimea effectively by sending in its own soldiers without uniforms and effectively take over crimea. does it amount to a ban on men aged between 16 and 60? i read something a little earlier saying that russian men could still enter if it were for humanitarian reasons.
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we only heard about this an hour or so ago and it came as something of a surprise. the details will still have to be worked out and made clear. in a statement from the president's offers not a mention of those humanitarian reasons. there had been some comment that if someone had to come across the borderfor a funeral that someone had to come across the border for a funeral that will affect a lot of people, particularly in the eastern part of ukraine where lots of people live on one side of the border and across fairly regularly, people with families on the other side of the border. with christmas coming up this would be a time when families might be thinking about coming together. that will no longer be possible inside ukraine if people want to cross from russia to ukraine. the move could have serious implications. the move sends a message both internationally and domestically that the president believes this is a very serious situation that ukraine is in what he has been talking about almost
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without break this week is that he believes and has information that russia is preparing for a walk, a possible invasion of ukraine, and this country needs to get ready. what opposition have you heard to this, especially from moscow? from what i have been seeing it seems like there will not be reciprocal measures. that was one possibility that they would prevent ukrainians travelling to russia. from what we have seen this morning that will not happen. brasher has been repeating that this talk of invasion, the talk from the president that this is all a precursor to war, that is not about ukrainian— russian relations and is much more to do with the domestic political situation here in ukraine. the president has an election coming up. he is doing brave badly in opinion polls and the line from russia is this is all a
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political ploy on the part of the president, talking up the possibility of war with russia to try to improve his own pretty dismal standings in opinion polls here. thank you for that update. police are searching for a couple after their car was found washed—up on a beach during bad weather. james and susan kenneavy‘s empty car was found by workmen on drummore beach, in the south of scotland yesterday. the couple who are believed to be in their 70s haven't been seen since wednesday when there was heavy rain and flooding on drummore's coastal road. a dispute over the cost of power on one of the channel islands is threatening to leave the community cut off. sark has a population of about 500 people, and one of the highest electricity tariffs in the western world. when an independent commissioner stepped in and ordered the local electricity company to drop its prices, the firm reacted by threatening to pull the supply, plunging the community into darkness. 0ur reporter, john fernandez, is on sark. well, the big question is, well the
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lights go off tonight quest mother was a threat that midnight tonight the power would be cut. had you asked me on wednesday i would have said, no. if you asked me yesterday i would probably have said yes. today i am going to say, no, i do not think the power will go out. some kind of agreement has been struck in the early hours of this morning, around one o'clock this morning. the chief of police, the island's from and a representative from sark electricity may have come to an agreement which could see the island's government purchasing sark electricity. a man from the companies said he would give no comment but added he would release a statement later today and that he was asleep at one o'clock this
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morning and was not signing any agreement. it is still up in the air but i think we are closer to the lights being online off tomorrow. no absolute confirmation is what you are saying from sark electricity itself. no, at the moment, david gordon brown is keeping his cards close to his chest, as you can probably understand. he says he will release a statement later and giving no comment. according to major christopher beaumont, the head of state in sark, there was an agreement signed up by lawyers at one o'clock this morning. that may have been the agreement they were alluding to and why he may have been asleep at the time this happened. we are moving closer to a resolution. asi are moving closer to a resolution. as i have mentioned many times people are still very worried about potential for electricity going out. i was with people last night who we re i was with people last night who were buying candles, bottled water,
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to make sure they had enough to stay safe tomorrow. some people were being quite flippant about it. next week, if their power is off, we will do activities with a torch instead. sounds a bit dangerous. local residents are sounds a bit dangerous. local residents a re really sounds a bit dangerous. local residents are really concerned about the possibility they could lose a power supply. we can now talk to paul armogie, who runs the stocks hotel on the island. thank you for talking to us today. the power is on at the moment but how worried are you it might not be for much longer? we have had a very distressing to three weeks since it first came to light. the whole island is a very close knit community, 500 people. we have all been very concerned about what has been very concerned about what has been on the table but delighted to wait this morning to the news it looks as if a resolution has at long last been found but let's hope the
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power will not go off tonight at midnight. if it is too and i hope it will not, then we are safe in the knowledge that every provision has been made to make sure we are all being kept safe. electricity on sark does all sorts of things that we have no mains water or drainage and therefore our borehole pumps and well pumps and sewage systems are largely fuelled by electricity. it will have created huge potential health risks for the island. we are delighted that hopefully a resolution has been found moving forwards. tallis about the contingencies you have put into place especially with a business to run. we are fortunate to have our own generator just run. we are fortunate to have our own generatorjust for this run. we are fortunate to have our own generator just for this kind run. we are fortunate to have our own generatorjust for this kind of eventuality. we are very fortunate. when we understood what was happening on the island we contacted the local emergency services committee and offered our stocks
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capital h to any elderly and vulnerable people. up till yesterday we we re vulnerable people. up till yesterday we were due to be having three such people moving into the hotel today, people moving into the hotel today, people who rely on electricity 24—hour is the day. we were part of that contingency in terms of providing accommodation and food and drink, heat and warmth, all the things we quite rightly take the granted in the 21st—century. things we quite rightly take the granted in the 21st-century. as a business when you appreciate the need for profit. the owner of stark average izaguirre is concerned about the impact of electricity tariffs. —— stark hotel. the impact of electricity tariffs. -- stark hotel. we'll is accepted that electricity on sark would be more expensive than in the uk or indeed on guernsey orjersey. the price went up to 66p per kilowatt
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hour, the most expensive electricity in the world. the electricity company has to make a profit but the dispute should be, what should the level of profit be? it is widely felt on the islands that the profits at 66p are extortionate. the great sadness is that we have not bash the island has not had cash access to factors as to whether we are paying too much or not. —— that we have not, the island has not, had access to factors. their role as a debate about the price coming down. the owner of sark electricity has been disputing the figures. we do accept that living in a small community we have to pay a slightly premium price
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for all our energy, particularly electricity. hopefully the lights will stay on. thank you for talking to us. in a moment, the weather. but first let's join victoria derbyshire to find out what she's got coming up in her programme at 10. today, chloe is in the studio. coming up at ten... the first mp to reveal in the house of commons that he is hiv positive has told the victoria derbyshire programme that he was worried he would cry when he stood up to make his speech yesterday. my heart was flattering. racing. jeremy corbyn, our leader, of course just came in at that moment. he lent over and just reached out to me and said, good luck. i had been 0k untilthen reached out to me and said, good luck. i had been 0k until then but suddenly, just that last thing. suddenly i got a bit kind of... the bottom lip kind of way that and my friends, emma, next to me, said, do
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not suddenly start to cry before you have even started. you can hear the full interview on bbc two, the bbc news channel and online. now it's time for a look at the weather. it is looking pretty autumnal out that day, the final day of autumn meeting logically speaking. we're heading into the start of winter tomorrow. 0ut that day at a bad morning for many of us with blue skies and sunshine. —— out there today not a bad morning. in scotland some showers quite frequent and heavy falling as snow over the mountains. still a few showers over the english channel. a lot of dry weather particularly in central, southern and eastern parts of the uk. you will notice the strength of
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the wind. particularly windy in the north of scotland. this evening and overnight the wind will ease a bit. there will be a soggy start on saturday morning but things will remain showery and unsettled but mild through the weekend. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines: the nhs is to offer thousands a ultra low—calorie, liquid diet in a bid to reverse type two diabetes. rail fares increase for millions of commuters, by an average of 3.1% from january. theresa may arrives in argentina for the g20 summit — as she warns mps to think about their constituents before rejecting her brexit deal. ukraine's president bans russian men from entering the country as tensions between the two sides esclates. the authorities in sark say a last—minute deal has been reached
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to stop the channel island losing its electricity supply this evening. slowly income and slowly out. —— slowly in, and slowly out. also coming up — the weekly lesson which improves teenagers wellbeing — we'll take a look at the scheme researchers are urging should be rolled out nationally. time now for the morning briefing, where we bring you up to speed on the stories people are watching, reading and sharing. as we've been hearing — thousands of patients will be prescribed a low—calorie, liquid—only diet, after trials showed it can help to reverse type 2 diabetes. more than three million people across the uk are living with type 2 diabetes. nhs england says alongside the diet, it will also expand an existing
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prevention programme. well susan jebb is one of the researchers behind the nhs pilot — she's been speaking to charlie stayt and naga munchetty this morning on bbc breakfast, let's listen to what she said. people who are seriously overweight, actually what we have shown is this can be a really good option. if you like it is the short, sharp, shock treatment as opposed to the slow and steady weight loss. both of them can work but some people find it easier to put all of their energy into a couple of months. you feel like you could do it for a couple of months, that feels more achievable. what we want to say if there is good evidence from trials that have now been done that round about half of the people with type 2 diabetes who try this approach, by one year, will be free of their diabetes. it will be in remission. it is not the answer for everybody but it is worth giving it a go. i am surprised how many people find it acceptable, more than perhaps we would have imagined. sorry for interrupting.
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a couple of things spring to mind. why didn't we do it sooner? in a funny kind of way it does not sound like rocket science. we have known for a long time that weight is such a clear pathway to type 2 diabetes and weight loss is achievable in a short space of time. why did we not do it before? you are right. this has been done in specialist clinics for some time but for relatively small numbers of people. there has been a concern that it is not acceptable for most people and perhaps you need really specialist doctors and nurses taking care of you. what the new trials have done is they have been done in primary care and shown that in routine health care settings we can do this and it is more acceptable to people than we imagined. it is effective and safe and regular doctors and nurses can support people to make these changes. or we can refer people to other providers in the community who can provide that support. it is really important to remember this is about a low—calorie diet but also about behavioural support. you have eight or nine weeks losing weight then you have to
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come back to normal food and you need help and support do that. well, labour's deputy leader tom watson suffered from type—2 diabetes, but managed to reverse his condition, by losing seven stone. he told bbc breakfast how he did this, and his thoughts on the new ways the nhs is looking to combat the condition. my story is like a lot of middle—aged guys, i get a switch from my early 20s, i began to pile on the weight, i tried different diets that failed. read the signs including professor roy taylor's research, that has led to these ultra—low—calorie diets. then about a year, year and a half ago, i did it. i went through a change in nutrition and i've lost over 100lbs. i've put my type two into reverse. i'm sure you are comfortable seeing these pictures now. we are showing the before and after. it is a remarkable thing that you achieve.
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dare say not that simple. we have been talking about this diet recommended, the liquid diet, over a very short period of time, it can make a sudden impact which is having extraordinary results. why i think this is particularly important is what the research does is say to nearly half of the 3.7 million diabetics, 90% of them are type two, it says that about 2 million of those people can do what i managed to achieve. that was putting their diabetes into remission. there are not many people, or not enough people, who know that. i looked at this particular diet and decided to take a slightly different route, because whilst there is great success on the programme, i was slightly concerned that there was not a maintenance element at the end of it. what i would hope that the government can do is give people choices in their diets but today, this is still a great unknown.
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—— announcement. it shows the government are prioritising greater support for people with type two to control their conditions, and this is all about people taking control of their own physiology. tom watson. time for a look at our what's on list. a look at number eight. metoo unrecognisable, that was a comment from the founder of the movement, you will be familiar of the hashtag from last year, she founded the campaign a decade ago. she said in that decade, or since then, it has become unrecognisable to her. she was speaking at a ted tour, saying it was a witch hunt. she wants to get back to her
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original intentions for the movement, dealing with sexual violence that she saw in her community. if you go through the story, there are additional links and you can read more about that on our most red list. —— most read list. more now on the annual get—together of the world's most powerful nations — the g20 summit taking place in argentina. dr lina khatib, head of the middle east and north africa programme at chatham house, and dr sam greene, director of the russia institute at king's college london, have been speaking tojustin webb on bbc radio 4's today programme this morning. they began by discussing what the summit might tell us about us—saudi relations, following the murder of the saudi journalist jamal khashoggi. according to president trump, the saudi—american relationship is very important. i think he is trying to find a way around this at the g20. it has been announced that trump will not have a formal meeting with muhammad bin salman. he said that is not being scheduled. however, they may meet informally. so that is one way around this tension.
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and other leaders may meet informally or formally? what is the schedule looking like at the moment? we know for sure that our own prime minister theresa may will meet him formally, and president macron of france said that he will meet with him. this is significant. it is far from the snub that many people perhaps expected. yeah, and on the russian side of things, the meeting between putin and trump off. we were hearing earlier in the programme that a lot of putin supporters and russian television, they are rather going off donald trump? well, they've been going on and off him for a long time, and i think there has been this problem that they put a lot of hope in him that it was based on the idea that you could do some sort of lasting strategic deal with trump. anybody who thought that really wasn't paying attention! but there is not a lot of other,
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if they do want to come out of the sanctions and be able to get some juice back into the economy and foreign investment, they are going to need somebody they can do a deal with, and they will not find a better option than trump. so they will keep going through this cycle of hope and disappointment. right, because trump says he will meet them? but now the timing is not right. he has sided with the ukraine but also the news that we heard earlier today, over the last day or so about trump russia happening. that was my next question, to what extent does the gathering pace of the mueller investigation and the whole list of allegations that there are, and actually convictions as well, of his underlings. how does that impact, at the moment, do you think, on the trump—putin relationship?
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well, it makes it very difficult. the reality is, we do not know anything about what kind of arrangements there may or may not have been between trump and putin personally, and his administration and putin's administration but we know that trump is transactional and his primary goal at this point is staying in office for as long as humanly possible. anything that is going to make that more difficult, and certainly having open—ended conversations with the russian president would make that more difficult, is simply not in his political interest. now, if you're starting to plan what to watch on television this christmas, one film that makes it on to the list of many families is ‘elf' — the comedy which sees will ferrell raised by santa's elves in the north pole. it went on to become a successful west end musical, and this christmas an arena version is touring the uk. it stars martine mccutcheon and tam ryan, and they spoke to charlie stayt and naga munchetty on bbc breakfast a little earlier about how they prepared for their roles. you've got to prepare by watching the film, by watching the original, and take what you can from it but a terrible
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thing to do would be to replicate a lukewarm impression, you know? a lot of physical comedy involved? yes, a lot. it is — you take what you can from the film and put yourself into the character. let's have a look at you rehearsing. she is like this, go to rehearsals! we have not seen this. have you not? no, and we were literally thrown into it yesterday. we are nervous to see this! what is happening here? this is in a warehouse, not the actual set! it does look a bit industrial. you are all in costume? i'm not, some of them are and some are not. this is when he basically meetsjovie in macy's. he is trying to persuade her to enjoy christmas. as you can see, she is going for it with him. it is really a lovely moment, where he turns it all around and get everyone involved. how does this work? some people are in costume and some are not? some are trying out their outfits to see how they work. the heels and the hats,
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are there boots too big? the heels and the hats, are the boots too big? some of us, our outfits were not ready! it's a real rehearsal. i like your hat! i take it everywhere. it's a comfort blanket! do you know what? it is being adjusted as we speak. you haven't seen it? it pushes my ears out which is ideal! and so you wear it to the back? is that the way? that's it. oh, my god, i come alive! sa nta! iknow him! i love that line! but it is a very serious piece. it is exciting and the fact it is in arenas, it is so exciting. it is huge! cgi screens, flying sleighs. it is nerve—racking. because there is so much to bear in mind. i don't want to walk through an invisible tree or something! but also i cannot wait to go to birmingham, cardiff and nottingham — where you've had enough of christmas! just afterwards on the 28th, we are there! one of the joys is that the kids
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are going to see it. they will dot there's every chance, without being misty eyed about it, they may not have been to the theatre before or seen a show like this. they will think it is magic! they have called it a spectacular and the more i work on it, the more i realise sometimes these things don't always live up to their name, and this is really living up to its name. it's going to be lovely for the whole family and even the grumpy one in the family that does not like christmas. by the time we finish with them, they are going to love it! and a look at the most popular videos this morning. number two is lloyd russell, he told the house of commons that he had been hiv—positive for nearly ten years, he wanted to say to people living with hiv that that status does not define them. we will let you know that chloe will be speaking to him on the victoria derbyshire programme coming up at ten o'clock after bbc
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news at ten nine. another story doing well is nigeria's11—year—old activist. she calls herself mess environment and she wants to deal with nigeria's pollution —— miss environment, she says that adults are not responsible and she wants to save lagos. that's all for the morning briefing. time for a look at the sport. here'sjohn watson. there is always something at chicks before any fight. —— some argy—bargy. after the argy—bargy at their pre fight press conference, tyson fury‘s suggested the traditional face off between boxers at the pre fight weigh—in should be stopped. both he and deontay wilder have been warned they could lose their fight purse if trouble like this spills over later when the two go head to head
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in the traditional stand off before tomorrow's fight in la. he's not going to be given the opportunity to get in me face again, because it shouldn't be like that. this is a sporting contest. many people around the world are watching this fight and it's a sport fight. this isn't a bare—knuckle street fight, it's a boxing contest at the highest level. so all that that sort of stuff shouldn't be allowed to happen, not on my behalf anyway. certainly time for the talking to stop. and it will be a defining moment for both in a fight which pits the unattrctive but effective style of fury, against the raw punching power of wilder or the bronze bomber as he refers to himself in the ring. he is scared and he should be. he is scared of me for a reason because of my mindset, because what i possess. every time i speak it you see what
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happens. they are scared of me. they should be. iwant happens. they are scared of me. they should be. i want them to be. when i stepped in the ring it is the bronze bomber, can't you see? there you go. it is going to be a good fight, isn't it? it was a night for the youngsters to shine in the europa league with arsenal and chelsea already through to the knockout stage . among the scorers in arsenal's 3—0 win at vorskla poltava was 19—year—old joe willock — his first senior goal for the club. they finished top of their group. another name to look out for 18—year—old callum hudson—0doi who scored for chelsea as they beat paok salonika at stamford bridge. celtic have given themselves a chance of reaching the last 32. they were 1—0 winners at norwegian side rosenberg. scott sinclair with the only goal of the game. theyjust need a point from their final match against group leaders salzburg to go through. rangers meanwhile must beat rapid vienna in their last match
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after a goalless draw at home to villareal — they held on after having daniel candeias sent off. manager steven gerrard said he'd run out of words to praise goalkeeper allan mcgregor, whose saves kept them in the game. and today's back pages are very football—heavy. "heart and sol" the headline in the daily express. sol campbell says macclesfield town is the perfect place to start his career in management and that he wants to be judged on results, not his skin colour. the sun has a piece by former stoke player, dave kitson, who blames an aggresive attitude for the tackle that broke aaron ramsey's leg back in 2010. and they report that tottenham plan to run what they call a "willy wonka" style lottery, for tickets to the first event at their new stadium. and the times say chelsea are among the premier league clubs warned thay they must limit the number of players they send out on loan to between six and eight,
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which means recalling players already at other clubs. when a young girl couldn't find the basketball trainers she wanted, nba superstar steph curry of golden state warriors was quick to act. nine—year—old riley wrote to him, saying she was a big fan but she couldn't find any "curry 5" trainers in the girls‘ section. her letter said, "i know you support girl athletes because you have two daughters and you host an all girls basketball camp." well, curry is indeed a vocal advocate of women's rights and he replied, telling her that they were fixing it. "i want to make sure you can wear my kicks proudly", he said. and he promised to send a pair to riley — and a pair of the new versions — and he invited her to a warriors game on international women's day next march. there you go. if you write, people
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do reply. there's plenty coming up on the bbc today, including england's second netball match in their series against uganda — commentary on 5 live sports extra from 7 o'clock. and later on, it's solihull moors against blackpool in the second round of the fa cup — that's on bbc two in england and scotland. there will of course be plenty more across bbc news throughout the day. and you can get plenty more on all those stories on the bbc sport website including a stunning upset at the uk snooker championships where world number one mark selby suffered a first round loss to amateurjames cahill. that's bbc.co.uk/sport. for now, that is all from the bbc sports centre. back to you. let's return to the news of rail fare increases coming into force at the start of 2019. passengers are set to see a 3.1% average increase across many routes. andy mcdonald is labour's shadow minister for rail —
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he joins me from teesside. this is a slap in the face to long—suffering rail passengers who had a year of misery. this is the wrong response from the government. we should be seeing a freeze on those fares in areas where people have had to put up with absolute chaos and mayhem. that should be funded by the train operators themselves. to put a 3.1% increase across the board is a real insult and that means since 2010 people have suffered rayal in creases three times faster than the rate of their wages have had and they go into the new yearfacing
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wages have had and they go into the new year facing another price hike. do you accept this money will be used for investments in rail services as these delays continue? well, we should always invest in our ra i lwa ys well, we should always invest in our railways but that has got to be managed in a way that is effective and efficient. what we are seeing, especially in the north of england, is that the basic nuts and bolts of the conventional rally are simply not in place and what happens is the system is dysfunctional and it colla pses system is dysfunctional and it collapses and people suffer these losses. people are not getting a good deal out of the demand that they are continuing to face price hikes in the name of investment. does it need to be easier for travellers to be able to claim compensation, do you think? that is pa rt compensation, do you think? that is part of the deal and they should be receiving compensation for the disruption to their work and to theirfamily disruption to their work and to their family lives that they have
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had to ensure. i am also saying that, in addition to that compensation, the train operating companies should be paying for a freeze in the affairs to those —— by way of recompense. we'll so have to sort the fares out. they are far too complicated and complex. there are over 50 million ticketing products on the market currently and that is far, far too many. it needs to be more simple a more transparent. that is what we will do when we come into government. thank you very much. as nhs figures show worsening mental health among teenagers, researchers are urging the government to include ‘life skills' in the curriculum of english secondary schools. it follows a pilot study that taught students skills and techniques, to help them to navigate the pressures of growing up. here's our home editor, mark easton. slowly in, slowly out... for year 7, today's lesson is on how to breathe.
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keep your backs up high. chancellor's school in hertfordshire has just done a four—year study programme, teaching them the skills and techniques for happier and healthier life. it is just as hard as maths, this lesson, you need to try and try these techniques to perfect them. with mental health and behavioural problems in most secondary pupils worsening, dozens of schools across england have been testing evidence—based programme using theories from positive psychology. what if the other person wants something else? you need to be able to negotiate and compromise with someone so they can have what they want and you can have what you want. weekly hour—long lessons on social and emotional learning relationships, resilience and mindfulness, designed for young people aged 11—15. does it work? these are very hard skills, some adults struggle with these, by the way. academics compared the wellbeing with pupils who completed the course with a control group
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that didn't participate. the results are really quite impressive. evaluations suggest a significant increase in children and young people's general health and an improvement in life satisfaction that's equivalent to an adult finding a partner. as a sufferer of anxiety, it has really helped, as the coping mechanisms that we are taught has been effective in everyday life. it really helped me with exam stress and working through any issues i had on top of school and the pressure of dealing with exams. there was definitely problems with academic stress, friendship groups and also personal problems which i have been able to deal with in a more practical and a i'd say, successful way. teachers must complete a week of intensive training before delivering lessons, a process that some found positively life—changing. we actually had to test all of these theories we were learning about, on ourselves.
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i personally found out a whole lot about myself, things i have been carrying around unbeknowingly since my own childhood, issues that i have got. the experts behind the scenes of say the results are so impressive and the cost so low, £25 a year per pupil, it should be part of the curriculum in every secondary school, notjust in britain, but around the world. mark easton, bbc news, hertfordshire. now it's time for a look at the weather. after the stormy conditions yesterday things are much quieter across the uk. this is from our weather watcher in derbyshire. some lovely blue skies. showers drifting into western areas. this is cardiff at the moment with a few showers drifting into giving us a rainbow.
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we will continue with the theme of sunny spells and showers and low pressure to the north of the uk. the isobars are closer together across the northern half of the uk that it is still blustery across scotland with gusts of 50, 60 miles an hour. the showers will continue to feeding. there will be snow over the higher ground. we could see a few showers in towards wales and the south—west as well. for most it is dry and sunny and the winds are night than they were yesterday. for the rest of the afternoon not a great deal of change. the showers will continue in the west. for most it will be dry. much quieter compared to the stormy weather of yesterday. maximum temperature eight, nine celsius in northern areas, 11th, 12 further south. through tonight we will continue as showers across scotland and northern
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england. clear skies developing. showers across scotland and northern england. clearskies developing. in the south—west there is an area of rain that will move north eastwards. temperatures will be up five to 7 degrees, two or three celsius in the north. 0n degrees, two or three celsius in the north. on saturday we start across england and wales with quite a bit of rain moving north and east. blue skies in the afternoon. some sunshine across scotland and northern ireland. temperatures 17, 18 celsius. another batch of rain will spread its way in from the south—west. sunday morning starting off fairly south—west. sunday morning starting offfairly similarto south—west. sunday morning starting off fairly similar to saturday morning with outbreaks of rain. the rain will fairly quickly moved away and there will be brighter weather developing in the afternoon. a few showers into scotland and more showers into scotland and more showers coming into northern ireland, wales and the south—west was temperatures about ten to 15 celsius. into next week we start to lose the oranges that the weather
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front lose the oranges that the weather fro nt ta kes lose the oranges that the weather front takes away. blue is returning to the uk and it will start to feel chillier. goodbye. hello, it's friday, it's 10 o'clock. i'm chloe tilley. move back! move back now! as new video emerges of up to 100 teenagers surrounding and attacking police officers in a town centre in county durham, police in stanley call on parents to take responsibility for their "out of control teenagers". parents were asked to come and review the footage from the officers' body cams of the incident that night. they all agreed the behaviour of their children was appalling. an mp who publically revealed that he's hiv positive yesterday tells this programme he was worried he would cry when he stood up in the house of commons to make his speech. jeremy corbyn, our leader, of course just came in at that moment. he leant over and just reached out to me and
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