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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 2, 2018 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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this is bbc world news, i'm tanya beckett. our top stories: french anger on the streets of paris — "yellow vest" protesters take on police in the heart of the city. president macron is furious. translation: the authors of this violence do not want change. they don't want any improvement, they just want to wreck chaos. the chinese and us presidents talk for over two hours, but there's no word on their deepening trade dispute. mexico's new left—wing president is sworn in with a promise of a big change in economic policy. i will faithfully execute the office of the president of the united states. and tributes are paid to former us president george h w bush — a key player in the end of the cold war. hello and welcome to bbc news.
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there have been running street battles in the heart of paris during the latest protests by the so—called yellow—vests, or ‘giletjaunes‘. more than 200 people have been arrested during the third successive weekend of demonstrations. the protesters are angry at rises in taxes, especially on fuel. today, they clashed with riot police on the champs elysees. police used water cannon and stun grenades to drive back demonstrators. hugh schofield sent this report from paris. buk missile at the end of the day of violence in paris and still it went on. at the arc de triomphe, covered now in anti— macron graffiti, police fired water cannon to clear the crowd.
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darkness feel at the end of a day of violence in paris and still, it went on. at the arc de triomphe, covered now in anti—macron graffiti, police fired water cannon to clear the crowds. and here in the gardens by the louvre, one protester is now in a coma after they tore down the metal grille. this evening, the arc de triomphe is back under police control but there are still knots of protesters out there, there's still the tang of tear gas in the air. and in the streets around here, a trail of destruction — cars burned out, shop windows smashed, bank windows smashed. parisians are used to protest, but this has been of a rare violence. all day, there were running battles between riot police and yellow vest protesters. though how many of these were actually agitators of the far right and the far left is one unanswered question. they tore rock cobblestones to fling at police and set alight to cars and buildings. and amid the scenes of destruction, ordinary people who'd come from across france to demonstrate peaceably — they didn't want the violence to divert attention from their central message, which is that taxes in france have gone too far.
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translation: abraham lincoln said something important. he said that government should be of the people, by the people, for the people — for the people. our politicians should keep that in mind. they won't get anywhere until they put people first. translation: we've all had enough. it's been been going on for so long and eventually, you have to resist. there's no choice. who are you? we are the people! you do not have to look any further — not right, not left. we are just the simple people. the intensity of the violence has left france shocked. it leaves president macron with an urgent dilemma — does he appease or face down this protest of the people? hugh schofield, bbc news, paris. so just what is behind this wave of protests across france? they began after the price of unleaded petrol and diesel fuel went up sharply in the last year — by 14% and 22% respectively. analysts say that while most of this increase is due to rising global prices, around a third is due to raised taxes. putting it in monetary terms, the taxes have added 3.9 cents per litre to the the price of petrol, and 7.6 cents per litre to diesel in the last year.
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a further increase in fuel duties is scheduled forjanuary. that will add 2.9 cents per litre of petrol, and 6.5 cents to a litre of diesel. president macron says the higher taxes are intended to help france reduce emissions which cause climate change by discouraging the use of vehicles. as we heard in hugh schofield's reportjust now, much of the focus of today's protests was around the arc de triomphe, one of the most famous landmarks in paris. it also serves as a memorial to french servicemen and women and this graffiti, written on the side of the building, has angered some in france. it translates as ‘the yellow jackets will win‘. while the tear gas was being deployed in paris, president macron was in buenos aires at the 620 summit. he gave this reaction to the violence on the streets of his capital city. translator: what happened in paris
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today has absolutely nothing to do with the peaceful demonstration of a legitimate unhappiness or discontent but this does notjustify legitimate unhappiness or discontent but this does not justify the legitimate unhappiness or discontent but this does notjustify the public buildings being set on fire. that journalists being threatened or the arc de triomphe be tagged. the authors of these violence do not wa nt authors of these violence do not want change, they don't want any improvement, theyjust want change, they don't want any improvement, they just want to want change, they don't want any improvement, theyjust want to wreak chaos. and they betrayed the causes of their pretending to serve. they will be identified and they will be held responsible for their actions and they will be taken to court, as soon as and they will be taken to court, as soon as tomorrow and they will be taken to court, as soon 3s tomorrow morning and they will be taken to court, as soon as tomorrow morning when i get back to paris i called a meeting of
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the prime minister, the minister of the prime minister, the minister of the interior and all of the services involved. now, iwillalways the interior and all of the services involved. now, i will always respect those who disagree and i will always hear any dissent but i will never accept violence. emmanuel macron. let's turn to the 620 in argentina now, where the leaders have been speaking as the summit closes. the final communique has been issued and, perhaps not unexpectedly, the document is a bit of a compromise. on climate change, all of the members agreed to implement the paris agreement — apart that is from the us, which reiterated its decision to withdraw from it. there was an agreement to reform the world trade organization, but there was no promise to fight protectionism. it might have been hard to agree that, given the current trade war between the us and china. donald trump and xi jinping spent 2.5 hours locked in talks. they ended a little while ago, but without any comment from either side. this was what he said as the meeting started. we will be discussing trade and i
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think at some point we are going to end up doing something which is greater china and went the united states and i love very much forward to the dinner, i look very much forward to the discussion and discussions after but the relationship is very special, the relationship is very special, the relationship that i have with president xi and i think that is going to be a very primary reason why we will probably end up getting something that will be good for china and go to the united states. donald trump. earlier, i spoke to our north american editor jon sopel, who gave me his take on that meeting. the meeting ended, the communique came to an end and the most consequential meeting of the 620 took place after it all ended and that was the dinner between president xi and president trump and their advisers. i should say that kind of a couple of days ago donald trump sounded downbeat and said it was likely that new tariffs were going to be introduced and would not see why they wouldn't be but coming into the meeting this evening,
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donald trump struck rather a different tone, saying he was hopeful they could be a great deal of the chinese people and the american people and warmly about his relationship with president xi but whether it is all—out war, whether it isa whether it is all—out war, whether it is a brief cessation of hostilities, pending further talks, or whether it is peace in our time, well, we wait to see. there was also a will stay in terms of the meeting between putin and trump? yes, well, there was no meeting, the formal bilateral as age and as they call that of these occasions got cancelled in the wake of the russian seizing the ukrainian vessels and ukrainian sailors but it seems there have been conversations, there are 20 world leaders gathered, they are going to different events, there are roundtables, it would be rude to donald trump cannot even say a word to him so there has been clearly some conversations being reported but i think that is the other big issue, that what is going to be the future relationship with the us and
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russia, donald trump has made it clear again russia, donald trump has made it clearagain and again russia, donald trump has made it clear again and again that he wants to normalise relations and reduce tensions. wouldn't be great, he keeps saying, if we had russia could get along well? of course it isn't just russian action, it is the russian investigation into whether there was collusion between the trump campaign and moscow during the presidential election, something that donald trump called "a witch—hunt and a hoax" but which still seems to get more and more traction as robert mueller ‘s investigation continues. speaking of investigations obviously there was a major division over the issue of the saudi journalistjamal major division over the issue of the saudi journalist jamal khashoggi and the us position on this has been a little bit on defence perhaps? —— the offence. i think donald trump reached a position that i suspect an awful lot of other us president would have reached is that we love saudi oil and we like their arms contracts because they are very good for our defence contractors at home. donald trump has expressed
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differently, which is look i'm sorry trade have to come first and their recent art and out evidence that mohammad bin salman the crown prince did order the killing of the saudi journalist. that said i think america finds itself in an awkward position over this and i kind of thought it was really added to the sense that this was just a rather awkward 620 with people are some people not wanting to meet others for various different reasons and jamal khashoggi and, you know, took centre stage as an issue and it was quite striking how fraught some of those contacts between mohammad bin salman and other world leaders looked. as we were just hearing, russia's president vladimir putin missed out on a meeting with donald trump, the american president citing russia's actions with regard to ukraine. 0ur moscow correspondent steve rosenberg was at president putin's media conference in buenos aires. britain's new army chief says that your country poses a greater threat to british national security that
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islamist extremist groups. do you agree and how concerned are you that russia is acquiring such a reputation? translation: on comparisons are made so to put russia in the same role as the terrorist groups, compare russia to terrorist, we leave it to the conscience of those who make such statements. steve rosenberg talking to vladimir putin. let's get some of the day's other news. the top us naval officer in the middle east has been found dead at his home in bahrain. vice admiral scott stearney was commander of the 5th fleet, which is responsible for all us navy forces in the gulf region. he took over as commander last may and had 36 years of service in the navy. this is devastating news for the stea rney this is devastating news for the stearney family, for the team at fifth fleet and the entire navy. scott stearney was a decorated naval
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warrior. he was a devoted husband and father and he was a good friend to all of us. the naval criminal investigative service and the corryn rayney minister of the interior are cooperating in the investigation but at this time, no foul play is expected. the deputy manager of fifth fleet has assumed command and is maintaining continuity and our responsibilities and posture in the us fifth fleet. an egyptian film star is to be put on trial over the dress she wore to the cairo film festival. rania youssef has been accused by a group of lawyers of obscenity. there was widespread criticism of this outfit on egyptian social media. but some defended the actor's right to wear what she liked. rania youssef herself has issued an apology, saying she wouldn't have worn the dress if she'd known it would cause such controversy. recovery efforts are continuing in alaska after a large earthquake on friday. the epicentre was about 13km north of the state's biggest city, anchorage.
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0ur north america correspondent james cook reports. we are now very close to where the epicentre of this 7—magnitude earthquake rattled alaska, and as you can see, they are working hard to try to clear away the damage. they're worried about this piece of road because there have been many, many aftershocks. they want to get this unstable ground removed as quickly as possible. there is a crack running along there as well, as you can see, there is also see a small crack on the other side of the road, and they're concerned with more and more aftershocks, more than 500 so far, that this could potentially collapse at any moment. so they're working fast to clear it, to make it safe, and then, of course, they're going to start the work on repairing and rebuilding the road. this isn't the only place this is happened. there's quite a few areas around anchorage where there has been significant
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damage to infrastructure. but on the whole, this place is held up very very well, and what was a really strong earthquake, and one that rattled alaskans who are used to earthquakes, there are thousands every year, they are pretty resilient people here and they are used to them but many people said they were quite frightened by this one which went on for a good long time. very severe, violent shaking, and actually, it seems quite remarkable that they have escaped to the extent that they have. one of the reasons for that, though, is because the history of alaskan earthquakes, everyone talks about 1964, and then there was a 9.2 magnitude earthquake. 0ne one of the most powerful ever recorded on the earth. that prompted alaskans to think about their building codes, their regulations, and clearly, the work that they did then and in years since has paid off, because very few structures were destroyed by this quake. stay with us on bbc world news. still to come:
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from decorated war hero to running the cia to the biggestjob in the world — we look back at the life of former president george h w bush. it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums which have sprung up around the factory. i am feeling so helpless that the children are dying in front of me and i can't do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippie cult suspected of killing sharon tate and at least six other people in los angeles. at 11am this morning, just half a metre of rock separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just
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a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite number from dover. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: the french president, emmanuel macron, has condemned rioting in the heart of paris by anti—government protestors angered by tax rises. donald trump and xijinping have held a two and a half hour meeting on their trade dispute — but both left without commenting on the talks. the white house says there will be a national day of mourning next wednesday for the former president, george hw bush, who's died aged ninety—four. arrangements are being made for a state funeral which will be held at washington national cathedral. flags are flying at half mast across washington, this is at the white house.
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as you might expect, there's been plenty of reaction to the death of the former president. here's just a little of what people have been saying. his son, george w bush, who was elected president eight years after his father left office, said he was ‘a man of the highest character, and the best dad a son or daughter could ask for‘. the current president, donald trump, said he inspired generations of americans to public service — to be, as mr bush put it, a thousand points of light. former president barack 0bama tweeted — america has lost a patriot and a humble servant in george hw bush. and among mr bush's contemporaries as world leaders in the early i990s, the head of what was then the soviet union, mikhael 6orbachev, who helped bring around the end of the cold war, said "it was a time of great change demanding great responsibility from everyone". i've been speaking to robert manning who worked at the us state department under president george hw bush administration, now a senior fellow at the atlantic council think—tank. he told me what in his opinion
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defined mr bush's term. it was unusual in this sense that we have a president who was very close to the secretary of state and his national security adviser and that helps explain the extraordinary success helps explain the extraordinary success of his foreign policy, winding down the cold war, the breakup of the soviet empire, the reunification of germany, winning the gulf war in 100 hour was the lid is maintaining a relationship with china after the massacre in tiananmen square. it was an extraordinary set of achievements andi extraordinary set of achievements and i think his own personal experience, having flown in world war two and being an ambassador to
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china, a director of the cia... he had a long record of service and understanding of how government works and a commitment to the post—war international is that was central in the republican party in those days and that shows you how far we have come, looking at where we are now. what was the secret to his success in diplomacy? how did he handle it? i think he was a calm and steady... he is a classic product is coast elite, ivy league, very much a humble person. he was raised not to talk about himself and he never did. he was focused on managing things around him, being cautious and
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prudent and he was criticised a light for it. he was not exciting, he was not flamboyant that he was tremendously successful in carrying out his duties. some people say he focused too much on foreign policy and not enough on domestic affairs. that may be true to some extent although when you look at the rush of events in the world at that time i don't know that he had much choice. he had to respond to saddam hussein's invasion of kuwait which he saw as a question of sustaining the world order. he had to deal with the world order. he had to deal with the collapse of the soviet union and manage the reunification... he did not ask the these things but he inherited them. his main domestic achievement which it is not their credit for what the budget deal that put the united states on a path towards a budget surplus which we had under bill clinton before his
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son came in and began to ram but mike run up debt again. —— began to run up debt again. the recession before his re—election was one of the main reasons he was a single term president that in the history of the us in terms of one term president he did accomplish quite a lot. a look at the legacy of the first president bush. the new president, andres manuel lopez 0brador, has been sworn in. this is the scene in mexico city right now. the new president is currently making a speech at a ceremony where representatives of mexican indigenous groups are marking his arrival. having run on an anti—corruption platform, mr 0brador‘s supporters are hoping he'll tackle widespread poverty and inequality. here's our correspondent in mexico, will 6rant. map to 0brador received the
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presidential sash from the alp win presidential sash from the alp win president to prize of president and yes we can inside the chamber. friends, he told the gathered dignitaries, today begins the fourth transformation of mexico. basically raising his presidency to the same level as either mexican independence all the mexican revolution. he acknowledged that such a concept may seem lofty or pretentious but he believes there is a in mexican politics on the way. specifically, he spoke about corruption in mexico. the platform on which he had been elected. he said that impunity would end yet, at the same time he also said he would not investigate top politicians facing corruption allegations. that would concern —— cause concern among supporters that they would be comforted by other elements of his speech, specifically a freeze on petrol prices and on taxes. and mention of support for
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the healthcare system and the education system which are both woefully underfunded and underinvested. plenty of his critics see president 0brador as a populist, as not fulfilling the content of his speech. however, his supporters would turn out in their droves in mexico city's main square to celebrate a moment they thought would never come, to see the political outsider now crowned president of mexico. some sport now, and we're just a few hours away from one of boxing's biggest nights of the year. these two men, america's deontay wilder and the uk's tyson fury, will step into the ring in los angeles for a heavyweight world title fight. both men are unbeaten. wilder holds the wbc belt. fury held multiple versions of the title before taking two years out from the sport with a doping ban and personal issues. our sports correspondent dan roan
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takes up the story. we are going to find out whether or not tyson fury can do what very few british boxers have managed over the yea rs british boxers have managed over the years and become the third in history to win a world title fight on american soil. this is familiar territory for him because he has been training here for 2.5 months and the way —— at the way in yesterday there was a sense he was the home fighter. he was relaxed and positive with tremendous support from hundreds of fans. certainly, if he were to prevail tonight, given that he has lost ten stone and got himself into great shape, it will go down as one of the great british sporting comebacks. standing in his way is the punching power of deontay while the. he has won all but one of these fights by knockout. he is undefeated and something needs to give this evening. lennox lewis in his finalfight
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give this evening. lennox lewis in his final fight one here, let's see if tyson fury can do the same. the bollywood star priyanka chopra has married us singer nickjonas in india. the couple were wed in a christian ceremony inside a palace in the city of jodhpur, reportedly officiated by the groom's father. priyanka chopra is one of bollywood's biggest female leads and her husband is a former disney star. the couple shared five photos of their special day, making note of chopra's mehendi — the traditional henna body art. they said "one of the special things" about their relationship was the merging of their families, faiths and cultures. as well as today's ceremony, they plan to hold a traditional hindu wedding tomorrow. you can reach me on twitter. i'm @bbcta nyabeckett. the atlantic wind is keeping things
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mild for us across much of the country. temperatures reaching double figures right now in the south. how about the weather on sunday? there will be showers around but also a little sunshine. here is a satellite image. all that cloud streaming in from the atlantic. this was earlier in the cloud is also diving into western parts of europe where readers also very mild. france, germany and, as far as poll and the temperature is well above average for the time of year. you can see the weatherman, the pattern of weather fronts moving can see the weatherman, the pattern of weatherfronts moving in can see the weatherman, the pattern of weather fronts moving in from the south—west and this pattern will continue to see for quite a few more days, certainly through much of the week ahead. in the early hours of sunday, most of the rain has cleared away into the near continent and behind it some clear spells but also some cloud around him and there. the
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temperature contrast between the north and the south of the country, cold air in the north atlantic so three degrees whereas in the south it is double figures. this weather pattern will continue through sunday and into monday. most rain has cleared away into the heart of the continent so we were left with this legacy of thick cloud which will break up from time to time and there will be some sunny spells around but, also, some rain here and there. you can see the south—westerly wind drag in the mile there. the wind will be gusty for a time around southern and western coats —— coast. this is where the air is coming from the north so it is quite chilly in aberdeen. six degrees, 15, possibly 16 in london are every bit as mild compared to what we had on saturday. here it is, the weather front keeps marching in. he is and otherfor sunday, moving into ireland and then wales and then central and southern areas of the uk. expect rain from
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early morning on monday. notice that the wind direction has changed across scotland perhaps some snow across scotland perhaps some snow across the mountains early on monday thatis across the mountains early on monday that is pretty much it. to the south there is rain pushing through. if you are heading to work early on monday, take a umbrella just in case. in the afternoon, it may clear up case. in the afternoon, it may clear up across case. in the afternoon, it may clear up across northern and western areas. 13 degrees in london on monday. further north a cool snap for a while on tuesday and wednesday and possibly picking up again towards the end of the week. this is bbc news. the headlines: the french president, emmanuel macron, has condemned violence in paris during nationwide anti—government protests. more than 260 people have been detained. the so—called "yellow vest" movement is angry about taxation and a range of economic issues. damage was caused to shops and the arc de triomphe was daubed with graffiti.
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talks between the presidents of the united states and china about their trade dispute have ended after two and a half hours without comment. the two men held a working dinner after the 620 summit in buenos aires. that finished with a call to reform the world trade organisation. mexico's new president, andres manuel lopez 0brador, has been sworn in. he pledged to end what he called failed neoliberal policies that have led to an increase in poverty and mass migration. he also announced the creation of a huge free trade zone next to the border with the united states.
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