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tv   Click  BBC News  December 8, 2018 1:30am-2:00am GMT

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this is bbc news. i'm ben bland. the headlines: us prosecutors say donald trump's former personal lawyer has given them information on how russian nationals tried to affect the 2016 presidential election. it comes as a court in new york says michael cohen should serve a "substa ntial" jail term for crimes including tax evasion. a top executive from the chinese telecoms giant huawei, will remain in custody over the weekend, after appearing in a court in canada on fraud charges. meng wanzhou, the daughter of the firm's founder, is accused of breaching sanctions against iran. and french students clash with police as the country prepares for more anti government protests this weekend. the capital is hunkering down, with much of paris in lockdown, as tens of thousands of police are deployed around the country. embattled president emmanual macron plans to address the nation on the yellow vest movement's grievances next week. you're up to date with the headlines.
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now on bbc news, it's time for click. this week: can take save the world? we have plastic soup, solar islands and recycled cars. planet earth is under attack from us. planet earth is under attack from us. we are depleting its resources,
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contaminating it is waters and poisoning its air. and nature is responding. this week, world leaders have come together once again at the un climate conference in poland. on the agenda, the latest finding on climate change which contain damning results. we are failing to meet the targets to slow down global warming. if we do not take action, the colla pse if we do not take action, the collapse of our civilisations and the extinction of much of the natural world is on the horizon. meanwhile, some at the highest levels of power a re meanwhile, some at the highest levels of power are still not convinced. i do not believe it. no,
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ido convinced. i do not believe it. no, i do not believe it. this, despite rigourous scientific models and increasingly vocal warnings from nearly all of the scientific community. we know how much money we are losing, hundreds of millions of dollars each year. eventually this will hit people enough and people will hit people enough and people will start acting. and we can act. we can use less energy, we will start acting. and we can act. we can useless energy, we can will start acting. and we can act. we can use less energy, we can just use less in general. the less we consume, the less will destroy. i have to say, this place really rams home how much we put in the rubbish. this sorts different materials.
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there is a really mechanical way of sorting and recycling in different sizes and shapes, like the papers get thrown through the top, the heavier and larger objects rolled down these wheels to be collected at the bottom. the speed of these things are travelling is incredible. this plant can sort to hundreds 30 tons of waste in a day. that is almost 30 trucks worth although it is just almost 30 trucks worth although it isjust a fraction almost 30 trucks worth although it is just a fraction of what we throw away and the problem is not all of oui’ away and the problem is not all of our plastic ends up in the recycling even then not all that be recycled. i think the truth is, a lot of us p0p i think the truth is, a lot of us pop plastic into recycling bin and we thinkjob is done but it is nowhere near as simple as that but the rows of people who have decided to deal with plastic in a much more drastic manner. it all started at
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home, during the preparation of our dinner. first we decided to try to avoid contributing constantly to this tremendous problem. when we as a consumer and this tremendous problem. when we as a consumerand a this tremendous problem. when we as a consumer and a lot of consumers did not buy this any more, the industry does not make this any more. i thought, what can i do with waste plastic? can i build something out of it, a toy, a sculpture, but something useful. everybody said, you cannot do this. it is not possible. these are to ordinary people with extraordinary ambitions. they spent the past three years designing and building a solar—powered vehicle that is almost
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entirely made of plastic from the rubbish bin. and we are notjust talking about a vehicle to drive on their local flat dutch roads but one built to withstand the toughest conditions — antarctica. the couple will dry 2000 400 kilometres to the south pole and back. in a car made from rubbish. they want to showjust how wasteful it is the throwaway plastic in the quantities that we do. another way of thinking about waste, waste is not waste, waste is valuable, it is robert tear, not at the end of its life—cycle but at the beginning. these are the raw materials we use. it is collected by children from the primary school. we
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call it urban mining. they sought it and they have cleaned it and made chips out of it. while doing this, children are asking, are you happy? is this ok? how many we have collected and how nice the material is. what you see is that they are starting to feel more attached with the material recalls that they do not see it as waste but as raw material for not see it as waste but as raw materialfor building not see it as waste but as raw material for building the soul are, for instance. the plastic shreds are melted into a filament for a 3—d printer. 30 of these have been working continuously for six weeks to produce a 4000 piece of plastic juice or puzzle to make the shell, the interior. —— jigsaw. juice or puzzle to make the shell, the interior. -- jigsaw. this is the flat part. we also have those which
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can give us the flexibility to make all kinds of shapes. to test the durability, the couple took the vehicle to iceland in april. the pace looks slow and it is, four kilometres per hour but they planned to drive the solar voyager during every hour of and tuck dick sunlight available which at this time of year is 24 hours a day. —— available sunlight. this data is from maybe a year ago. they are always in the same area. maybe they have changed 10- 50 same area. maybe they have changed 10— 50 metres but i can warn them in
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advance that they are getting to certain areas. back at base, a man is watching the two rain, the progress of the vehicle and the weather which can be just as treacherous as the moving crevasses. there is a lot of ice. hopefully the car will manage. wednesday 28th of november, the solar voyager has arrived at base camp, after years of prep it is a one of the mission. —— day on. at the moment at the speed of 2.5 knots nautical miles per hour. this is amazing. this is super, super cool. the entire round trip could take 40 days, which means
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they should be on their way back from the south pole where they get to celebrate a drastic but fantastic plastic christmas. hello, and welcome to the week in tech. facebook in the news again as released company e—mails show ‘the social network‘ made secret deals to give developers special access. facebook rejected the release of the documents and saying there were presented in a misleading manner which required additional context. it was also the week that the ministry of defence carried out exercises on autonomous vehicles. millions of customers found themselves without their phone. and
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a seven—year—old american and £17 million. imagine all the toys they goodbye. tom cruise took time away from climbing, falling and saving the world to tell us how to improve the world to tell us how to improve the picture quality on how smart tv and turn off motion smoothly. this robot plane hybrid emerges. signals are passed to the wheels underneath guarding it towards the light. careful not to run over anything! ocea ns
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o cea ns cover oceans cover 70% of our planet yet most of us know little about what goes on beneath the surface so we travel to norway which has the second longest coastline in the world and the country is leading the way in the elegy aiming to better the health of the sea and to help us protect our planet. this is absolutely stunning. i cannot believe that this is part of a day ‘s work at about to take a look at could be even more impressive. it is not just about the theory but what is going on under the water and what we will see what should not be there. we are put into the test this drone now available for consumers,
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providing eyes under the water, no goggles needed. as blue—eyed explores the waters here, it is both astonishing and saddening to discover what goes on beneath the surface. we have glowed in the dark sharks. we have found at least 5— ten different cells but in between all this there is also a lot of trash and i think people would he horrified if they saw the amount of trash. it is easier to throw a whole in your boat and sink it. they‘ve been driving cars out and just when the eyes goes, the truck goes away and out of sight out of mind. a live video feed is sent back to a device
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on—board. the operator can control exposure and camera setting as well. it is underwater now. the footage can either be watched on a phone, ta blet can either be watched on a phone, tablet or this digital headset although it seems a bit of a waste to block out the surroundings here but the idea is that you do not need to be. blue—eyed could give anyone anywhere eyes under the sea. i sincerely feel like to make people wa nt to ta ke sincerely feel like to make people want to take care of the ocean you need to place the love for the ocean in here and a peer. you have to have an emotional relationship so by bringing the ocean floor into people ‘s homes is a really great way to make people appreciate what is down there and make them have this motivation to make some slight
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changes in their lives. the shores have been testbeds for plenty of other renovations. even the boat can track temperatures, ph levels, currents and any signs of life below. that data can be saved and analysed but while these ideas may help us get a clear rebuke beneath the sea, the better the situation us humans clearly the to improve our behaviour. —— need to. wow, that was lara in norway. back at the plant, i‘m learning recycling plastic isn‘t as simple as just melting it all down. your milk bottle is made from a different plastic to your cola bottle and your yoghurt container, so they all need to be separated. this is a really interesting way of separating different types of plastic at high speed. is so here‘s all the plastic whizzing down this
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conveyor belt, most of it falls off the end, but there is a near infrared sensor just about the gap and it‘s looking for a particular type of plastic. when it spots it, a little air jet shoots just that bit of plastic up into the air and it jumps over the gap and into the special collection pot. that‘s really clever! finnish company zen robotics is building on this technology adding 3-d building on this technology adding 3—d sensors, high res it is heavy —— its heavy picker can spot many different materials with high precision. the sad news is, the vast majority of plastics are rejected by recycling plants because they‘re not fit for reuse. now there‘s a company in silicon valley who thinks it‘s found a way to breakdown of plastics so they don‘t find their way into our oceans. dave lee reports. this
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isa our oceans. dave lee reports. this is a story that starts with a pile of this, which is put into this. you then whir it around a bit in here and then eventually it becomes this, or this. it‘s easy when you know how. let‘s start from the beginning. i‘m visiting bioselection, they‘re a tiny company experimenting with what could be a revolutionary new technique, recycling technique. the company was formed by two young entrepreneurs who wanted to do something about this. the enormous almost unthinkably large global plastic crisis. to think that when you put it into the blue bin that it‘s going off to a good place. when there are mechanically recycled, the products are not valuable enough to justify the plastic costs. that‘s why they end up in the landfill. stick them in landfill anyway. right. so bioselection is focusing on this stuff, the plastic film you often see in packaging or wrapped around food. in fact, this is the
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most common type of plastic but right now it‘s the least recycled all. so this plastic, if you envision, it‘s a long train of carbon, carbon, carmont, carbon atoms and thousands of them. what our catalyst is able to do is basically cut this chain into selective small molecules. we‘re talking about... from thousands of carbon is too, like, four carbons. those products are very valuable. now, they wouldn‘t show as the entire technique on camera but the end result is what‘s known as a chemical intermediate and it forms the building blocks that other materials such as nylon. it can also be used to make electrical components. bioselection is the first company to achieve this with recycled plastic film. our process is talking about hours. just after hours it becomes this. we consider this up cycling, right? we‘re not exactly making the same thing, but we‘re making something else that is
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more valuable and it actually displaces petroleum use, because we‘re using plastic waste instead of petroleum. there is, of course, an awful long way to go before the hard work here can make a dent in the enormous amount of plastic we chuck into landfill every year. the plan is to take this process and bring it on the road. how do you take this idea from being in a lab like this and scaling it to the extent where it can help solve this global plastics problem that we have? we would like to make a piece of equipment that can process this material fairly efficiently, which we would locate on—site, and then the product we would take to, you know, some kind of a central site where we would purify it to our specifications. the company has raised $3 million in funding so far, but in silicon valley, that‘s pocket change. if
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this plan works, it could be a very big deal. that was dave lee. climate predictions are based on solid data, some going as far back asa solid data, some going as far back as a few hundred years. in reading at the national centre for atmospheric research, the old weather instruments are still in use alongside the modern ones. now, the reason that they‘re still using these pretty old—fashioned devices is for consistency. so you know the readings you‘re getting today were measured in exactly the same way they were 100 or 150 years ago. supercomputers crunch see, ice and dust data from past years and try to simulate the weather that occurred in each year. now it‘s been fine tuned to correctly reflect what‘s actually happened, researchers have started changing the environment and watching the effects. what we can do with the model is we can lower the temperature in this part of the
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world and see whether or not we still produce that many hurricanes. i‘m assuming then you have done that, you have lowered the sea temperature to see how it affected the number of or against, what happened? it played a role, around half of the hurricanes happen because the sea surface temperature was warmer. professor vidal also told me in the future tropical storms are predicted to originate further north, and a importantly to originate further north, and a im porta ntly curve to originate further north, and a importantly curve east and back towards europe. so that means parts of the world that have never had to be hurricane ready before we‘ll have to start thinking hurricanes? yes, they do. but the search is on for cleaner, greener forms of energy. the most established alternative to burning fossil fuels is solar power, and lara has failed to a very special island just off norway. we‘ve travelled west now due east norway. it is so calm here. it is
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absolutely beautiful. but not far from here, the waves can reach up to three metres, and that‘s where we‘re heading because we‘re going to go and takea heading because we‘re going to go and take a look at an island that is made up of solar panels, and the idea is that they need to fare ok whatever the weather. oh, thank you! i‘ve made it. oh, we‘re walking on water! these certainly aren‘t the first floating solar panels, but the innovation being tested here is the fabric itself, creating a cost—effective weather resistant material that could easily be scaled. there‘s talk of a setup near the equator the size of a football pitch. this has been designed to withstand wind, rain and ice. but round the edges, these barriers prevent any seawater from getting edges, these barriers prevent any seawaterfrom getting in. so while you can see i‘m standing in a pretty large puddle right now, that‘s from
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last night‘s rain. what i‘m actually standing on is less than one millimetre thick, and it really feels it, it‘s quite hard to stay balanced. it‘s made from polyester coated in a polymer. what makes this polymer special is how lightweight yet strong it is, meaning it‘s ideal for this how lightweight yet strong it is, meaning it‘s idealfor this type of installation. in the not too distant future we think we can build systems that are comparable with the so—called ground on land, and that will be a big breakthrough for float double... because then you have suddenly large surface areas where you can build cheap, renewable energy very close to large consumer groups. and making use ofjust a fraction of the sea‘s and faster service area, as well as taking advantage of the water‘s ability to keep the panel is cool water‘s ability to keep the panel is cool, means the scaling of this does seem cool, means the scaling of this does seem plausible. the solar power
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being harnessed is being used here on this fish farm. now, the island has been developed to be the exact right size to harness the right amount of power in the summertime, that‘s presuming the weather‘s good. the rest of the year it‘s running on diesel, so obviously you can see the environmental benefits of this. but the suggestion is an island this size, is anchored in the london area, could power 20 average uk homes. make the island the size of a football pitch, and that could rise to 200. but, of course, the investment needed is huge, so moving forward on this could prove more complicated than the proof of concept. that was lara in norway. you know, if you‘ve seen the pixar film wall—e, you will know in the distant future the earth gets covered in cubes of rubbish like this, mountains of these cubes and
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humanity has to leave. and at the moment, no matter how much recycling we do, i get the feeling that that future is getting more and more likely. something‘s got to be done. see ya. hello there. the last 24 hours have been quite turbulent weatherwise, we‘ve had gales, heavy rain, and as we go through the weekend things only quieten down a little bit. it will stay windy, as showery day to come on saturday, sunday should be a little drier but equally it will start to turn a bit chillier. now, look at this, this beautiful
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swirl of cloud on the satellite picture, this is the deep low that passed the north of scotland on friday. you can see some showers circulating around the low. we‘ve still got some pretty strong winds out there. across northern areas of the country, the winds will ease but further south it will stay quite windy and we‘ll see some showers pushing in from the west. in some eastern areas it will be a quiet start with some sunshine but these heavy downpours pushing them are becoming quite widespread by the afternoon, some of them contain the odd flash of lightning and the odd rumble of thunder. temperature—wise, nine in aberdeen, 13 in london. as we go through saturday night we will continue to see some downpours coming and going at times. it will also stay windy, particularly in the south. now, for some southern and western coastal areas, we could see gusts through the night of 50—60, possibly in the most exposed spots 70mph wind gusts. that could cause some disruption. and look at all the white lines, the isobars squeezing together on the charts, a sign ofjust how windy it will be. this frontal system on sunday
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morning likely to bring some showers, but as it slides away southwards, and as the showers clear, we are going to be left with some chilly air working its way from the north, the winds switching around to more north or north—westerly. early on sunday, some showers in central and southern areas should clear away, most areas by the afternoon dry with some sunshine, a few showers and spots exposed to the north—westerly winds. temperatures a little lower, ranging from 5—6 in the north to maybe just double digits across the south. those temperatures will drop away during sunday night, particular for eastern and northern parts where the winds fall light and we keep clear skies, we could well see a touch of frost, as signified by this blue shading creeping across the map. not quite as cold down towards the south—west, seven degrees in plymouth, for example, as we start monday morning, but one in glasgow and freezing newcastle. but we start monday with high pressure trying to take charge. you can see this little bump in the isobars. the winds will be lighter
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and we will get some spells of sunshine. frontal systems lying in wait out west, though. so after a pretty quiet start to the week, things are likely to turn a bit more unsettled from midweek onwards. welcome to bbc news — broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i‘m reged ahmad. our top stories: court documents reveal how donald trump‘s former personal lawyer has helped the investigation into alleged russian collusion with the trump campaign. a top executive from the chinese telecoms giant, huawei, appears in court in canada facing fraud charges for allegedly breaching sanctions against iran. french students clash with police as the country prepares for a fourth round of yellow vest protests. and a cargo ship plucks a british sailorfrom her badly damaged yacht cast adrift in the southern pacific ocean.
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