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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 15, 2018 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm reged ahmad. breaking news this hour: a federal court in the us declares the affordable care act — also known as obamacare — unconstitutional. donald trump's former lawyer says the president was well aware it was wrong to pay hush money to two women during the 2016 election. britain's prime minister vows to keep her brexit plans on track, despite the rest of the eu saying they can't renegotiate the deal. one of britain's biggest football clubs condemns its own fans — heard singing anti—semitic songs at a match in hungary. we begin with breaking news. a us federal court in texas has ruled that barrack obama's signature
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healthcare reforms are unconstitutional. judge reed o'connor in fort worth says obamacare had been invalidated by a change in tax law last year which eliminated a penalty for not having health insurance. president trump says the ruling was great news for america. let us get the latest weather david willis, our correspondence in los angeles. it might be a collocated ruling, but can you explain it to us —— complicated ruling. ruling, but can you explain it to us -- complicated ruling. what we understand is that this federal judge in taxes has ruled in favour of representatives from republican leaning states who contends that a change in the tax laws here, about a year ago, basically render the provision of the affordable care act, which mandates that everybody get healthcare and health insurance in this country, unconstitutional
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and therefore that the affordable ca re and therefore that the affordable care act itself is, as a result, invalid. what we are likely to see, i think, is a loss of measures fielded by representatives of democratic leaning states basically opposing this ruling and, ultimately, it will go once again, it seems, all the way to the highest court in the land, the united states supreme court. there have been so many challenges to obamacare, or the affordable care act, can you tell us affordable care act, can you tell us a bit more about why it might have been successful this time around, at least at this level in the courts? you are absolutely right. there have been a loss of challenges to it. republicans have sought to overturn this law —— lot. they have struggled to do so. and they have struggled to
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come up with anything coherent to replace it. part of the reason for thatis replace it. part of the reason for that is that it is highly popular, not least the provisions in the affordable care act, which ban insurance companies from denying coverage to people who have pre—existing conditions, as they are known here. before the affordable ca re known here. before the affordable care act came into law it was quite possible for insurance companies, health insurance companies here to either deny coverage to people with pre—existing conditions, orjack up their premiums. well, the affordable ca re their premiums. well, the affordable care act did away with all of that. it sort, of course, as well to bring healthcare across the board to be bulk of americans. and the fear is, the fear on the part of americans is that we could go back to a system where about 20% of the population here in america had no health
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insurance at all. donald trump has tweeted about this and he is rather pleased. yes, he is. he said it is good news for the american people. ina good news for the american people. in a statement, the white house called on congress to come up with a healthcare system, an alternative to obamacare, if you like, that is affordable and does not discriminate against people with pre—existing conditions. that's all well and good, but as i havejust been saying, there have been problems with that in the past. and that's why this is likely to be a battle that will run and run. all right, david willis there with an update on oui’ david willis there with an update on our breaking news. a us federal court in texas ruling that barack obama's healthca re court in texas ruling that barack obama's healthcare reforms are on constitutional. they give very much for that. —— unconstitutional. donald trump's former personal lawyer has spoken out for the first time since being sentenced for crimes including campaign finance violations. he claims mr trump told him to pay off two women during the 2016 presidential election,
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even though he knew it was wrong. that directly contradicts what the president has said. michael cohen, is facing three years in prison. our north america editor jon sopel has more. an alleged one night stand in 2006 and then a payment to buy stormy daniels' silence ten years later — just before the 2016 elections. they're still causing donald trump and those around him endless legal nightmares. the president's long time lawyer and mr fixit, michael cohen, was this week sentenced to three years in prison. and he's now given an interview refuting donald trump's claims that he made the payments to her without the president knowing about it. first of all, nothing in the trump organisation was ever done unless it was run through mr trump. he directed me, as i said, and i said as well in the plea, he directed me to make the payments, he directed me to become involved in these matters. the payment came at a delicate time in the presidential campaign...
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..a tape had emerged of donald trump boasting about sexually assaulting women. in the interview today, cohen said the payment was made because the president wanted to avoid fresh scandal weeks before the election. he was trying to hide what you were doing, correct? correct. and he knew it was wrong? of course. and he was doing that to help his election? you have to remember at what point in time that this matter came about, two weeks or so before the election, post the billy bush comments, so, yes, he was very concerned about how this would affect the election. but donald trump says cohen is a proven liar and his only regret is ever employing him. i never directed him to do anything wrong. whatever he did, he did on his own. he's a lawyer.
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a lawyer who represents a client is supposed to do the right thing. that's why you pay them a lot of money, et cetera, et cetera. donald trump's account of what happened has changed consistently. first of all, denying that he knew anything at all about a payment to stormy daniels. then admitting he did. then saying it had nothing to do with campaign finance, it was a personal matter. and then saying, "well, yes, campaignfinances, but that's not against the law." and finally his lawyer saying, "nobody got killed, no one was robbed, this is not a big crime." in other words, it didn't really matter what donald trump had done. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. let's get some of the day's other news. more news out of the white house. president trump has named his current budget director mick mulvaney as his acting chief of staff. he replaces generaljohn kelly — after days of speculation over who would take the post and some high profile names pulling out. the president made the announcement on twitter. the australian prime minister,
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scott morrison, says his country now recognises west jerusalem as the capital of israel. but mr morrison said australia remained committed to a two—state solution as the only way to resolve the conflict between the israelis and palestinians. he said australia also recognised the aspirations of the palestinians to a future state with a capital in eastjerusalem. a fourth person has died as a result of injuries sustained in a gun attack in the french city of strasbourg on tuesday. visiting the city on friday, the french president emmanuel macron laid a white rose in the victims' memory and paid tribute to the french security forces. the gunman, cherif chekatt, was shot dead last night after he opened fire on police officers. negotiations at the un climate conference in polandare continuing well past their official close. delegates from almost 200 countries are taking part. they're looking to find agreement on tackling rising global temperatures. how poor countries should be compensated for the damage from rising temperatures is a sticking point.
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after a bruising encounter in brussels, british prime minister theresa may says she still believes she can get extra assurances from eu leaders to get her brexit withdrawal agreement through the uk parliament. eu leaders say they won't renegotiate but will offer what they call ‘further clarifications' on the so—called backstop. that's the safety net aimed at avoiding a hard trade border between the eu and the uk on the island of ireland, if no future deal is agreed in time. this report is from laura kuenssberg in brussels. a bad omen? a bitter morning — for more than one reason. the prime minister came to brussels hunting concessions from the eu. does the eu like your plan, prime minister? but they didn't just say no, one of their top politicians said she didn't even know what she wanted. she was "nebulous". leading this private, careful politician to show real anger. "did you call me nebulous?"
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she seems to say to jean—claude juncker. he grasping her arm, the microphone may be off, but you can see exactly what went on. the dutch prime minister comes along to try to make peace. later, she had not forgotten the accusations. i was crystal clear about the assurances which we needed on the backstop, having heard the views of mps in the house of commons. i reiterated that it is in the interests of the eu as well as the uk to get this over the line. eu leaders had said she would not get those concessions on the so—called backstop. she begged to differ. my discussions with colleagues today have shown that further clarification and discussion, following the council's conclusions, is, infact, possible. you looked very angry when you were speaking to jean—claude juncker earlier today. what did you say to him,
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and did he admit that he had called you "nebulous? " and, secondly, the summit conclusions suggest the eu is not willing to budge, but you appear to be suggesting that they might. can you tell us more about what they have said to you about their willingness to move? because if parliament won't budge and the eu won't budge, is it time for you to budge? well, first of all, i had a robust discussion with jean—claude juncker. i think that's the sort of discussion you're able to have when you've developed a working relationship and you work well together. and what came out of that was his clarity that actually he had been talking, when he used that particular phrase, he had been talking about a general level of debate. we can look at this issue of further clarification and that has been something i have been discussing with a number of eu leaders, so we will be working expeditiously over the coming days to seek those further assurances that i believe mps will need. you might wonder what exactly has been going on with with these negotiations. what are the misunderstandings
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in the relations between the eu and the prime minister? what has the president of european commission really been up to since that row? ta—ta—tum... we were not dancing! she thought that i did criticise her by saying yesterday night that the british position was nebulous. i did not refer to her, but to the overall state of the debate in britain. on and off the stage the message from the eu is clear — they promise they'll do a trade deal as quickly as possible, so the backstop's never needed, but that cannot mean changing what's already been agreed. the prime minister leaves here with a big problem — remember, she kept herjob in part this week, because she promised she could get more compromise from herfellow eu leaders. but she's left tonight
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with assurances that there could be more conversations, and that simply might not be concrete enough to protect her in a hostile environment at home. there have been sporadic clashes on the outskirts of yemeni port of hodeida, despite a un—brokered ceasefire coming into effect on friday. the saudi—backed government and iranian—backed houthi rebels agreed to withdraw their forces from the centre of the city, following a week of peace—talks in sweden. caroline rigby reports. a rare moment of warmth in this most bitter of disputes. yemen's foreign minister, on the left, and envoy to the 50 rebels on the right. was this the 50 rebels on the right. was this the beginning of the end of years of brutal war and the world's worst humanitarian disaster? as news of
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the un brokered ceasefire filtered to residents back home, relief was tempered with a large dose of scepticism. translation: the negotiations, u nfortu nately, translation: the negotiations, unfortunately, from my point of view and the view of many yemeni people, and the view of many yemeni people, a disappointing. i believed it talks will fail because the enemy, saudi arabia, does not want us to live in peace —— i believe the talks. translation: i think di talks with the leaders of the ludik who will not have any effect on the ground. what was made with regard to the hodeida port... it is the main entry point for humanitarian aid in a country where 75% of the population are in need of support. so far, this fragile truce appears to be holding. though on friday there were already reports of further sporadic fighting on the outskirts of the city. more
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aid has started to arrive, but the un says a robust monitoring system is urgently needed to oversee the agreement. that's because this move is not only about ending a conflict, it's also about keeping millions of people alive. carolyn rigby, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: this might look like china — but it's new york. the city turns on its first festival of chinese lanterns. after eight months on the run, saddam hussein has been tracked down and captured by american forces. saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes, but they brought a formal end to three and a half years of conflict, conflict that has claimed more than 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of bosnia, serbia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border
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was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off from the outside world in order to prevent the details of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life, the lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second president ever to be impeached. this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: a federal court in the us rules the affordable care act, also known as obamacare, is unconstitutional. the ruling will go to the supreme court on appeal. the british prime minister has insisted that it's still possible to get her brexit deal through parliament, despite the eu ruling out any re—negotiation. english premier league football club chelsea have condemned fans
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who were heard singing anti—semitic songs during their europa league match against the hungarian side on thursday night, saying they have shamed the club. it comes just days after four fans were suspended for the alleged racial abuse of the manchester city and england player raheem sterling in chelsea's previous match. our sports correspondent, joe wilson, reports. at their home ground, chelsea present a global welcome. but this is a football club being shamed by a section of its supporters — and chelsea made that clear today. last night's match was a routine european fixture but some of chelsea's fans took the opportunity in hungary to chant anti—semitic words about a rival club in london — totte n ha m. today came a reaction from a man who's previously filmed football supporters making anti—semitic chants. ivor baddiel directed an educational film for chelsea. he is a chelsea supporter. you might think you are making
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tottenham chants but when you sing, "those are on their way to auschwitz," this is what you are really chanting about. clearly there are people who think it's ok, and maybe they don't really understand what it is they are chanting, and whyjewish people and everyone is so offended by it. all but the most hardened fascist hopefully would realise now that it was wrong. chelsea today reiterated their abhorrence of race hatred, saying: instances of anti—semitism are especially poignant and hard to comprehend at this club. after all, roman abramovich, who has bankrolled chelsea for so many years, is himselfjewish. but last night's events come hard on the heels of chelsea's game
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against manchester city and what happened there to raheem sterling. allegations he was racially abused by a chelsea supporter provoked an inquiry and a whole debate about football and race. remember the banana skin which was thrown towards pierre—emerick aubameyang during arsenal's recent game against tottenham. today's focus is firmly on chelsea butjust part of big issues for football and society. joe wilson, bbc news, west london. new protests are expected across france by the so—called yellow vests despite concessions being offered by president macron. the protests are now not confined to france, with similar demonstrations being seen in countries like belgium, greece, the netherlands, and the uk. cammaerts, professor of politics at the london school of economics, discusses this new trend, its motivations and possible future. a lot of people feel the liberal democratic system is failing them.
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translation: anger comes from far more than taxes. i listen to what people say, some ask for a more horizontal society, direct democracy. it was nothing to do with fuel in the beginning, it has moved on to something else. protests resembling france's yellow vest movement have spread across europe. from belgium to germany, sweden, the netherlands, and the uk. the concerns that are at the heart of this movement are also concerns in many other countries. it is an easy identifiable symbol, a little bit like the guy fawkes mask. in france it is actually obligatory to have in your car, so everyone has a vest like that. but while they may look the same, how do we know they are part of the same movement as their french counterparts? for one thing, who is running the show? these movements don't have a clear, strong leadership structure, or an organisation that kind of binding these people together. it's also hard to tell if all the protestors in yellow
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vests share the same goal. there is a kind of tendency of these newer movements that are propelled by social media to not have clear demands, or have so many demands that it becomes almost empty, and there is no clear metanarrative that binds these fragmented issues and demands together. and that makes it very easy for the extreme right for example, the fascists, as well as a kind of more radical left, to co—opt these movements. but how does the symbol of a french movement sparked by fuel taxes become adopted a british people campaigning for brexit? the anti—eu sentiments that are part of the yellow vests also has to do with the kind of populist moment that we are living in, where conflict is articulated between "the people" and an out of touch elite. we want to look
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after our own futures. the same as they do. we want to protect ourselves and ourjobs. and not let the governments take all the money. the aftermath of the 2008 in a crisis has in many ways led to the elite becoming richer, inequality rising, and ordinary people having paid the price for that. and it still feeds an enormous sense of indignation. so if the wounds of 2008 still have not healed, can we expect to see more yellow vests on the streets of europe? where it will go next will depend on how political elites react. it might be the case that we need to wait, what will happen with brexit in this country, to kind of see whether some people will appropriate the symbolism of the yellowjacket. a piece explaining the spread of the
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yellow vest protests to several countries. when you think of new york, one thing that may come to mind is its iconic skyline. a city of concrete, glass and steel lit up like a christmas tree. but despite being no stranger to spectacular illuminations, new york has never played host to a chinese lantern festival. that is until now. the bbc‘s tim allman has more. in this particular part of new york, the command went forth. let there be light. a 2000—year—old tradition brought halfway around the world. usually we celebrate the chinese new year during january or february, this year we are bringing the lantern festival from china to new york city, to give the best wishes to all of the new yorkers here.
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# you look so beautiful tonight...# it took 200 chinese artisans more than a month to create the 3,000 or so handmade lanterns. this festival will also see cultural performances including a spot of lion dancing and some martial arts. it really lights up the evening and it makes you feel kind of warm inside. it is absolutely amazing, the lighting, the spectacular acting, and dancing, it was fabulous. # city of blinding lights...# the festival runs until early january, a carnival of light
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and music and movement. a spectacle even new york has never seen before. tim allman, bbc news. beautiful lanterns there! a reminder of our top story: a us federal court in texas has ruled that barrack obama's healthcare reforms is unconstitutional. ajudge in fort worth said obamacare had been invalidated by a change in tax law last year which meant you no longer paid a penalty for not having health insurance. president trump said the ruling was great news for america. it also comes a day before the end of the signup period for health coverage next year. much more on the implications of that decision coming up implications of that decision coming up on bbc news. hello.
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after a fairly quiet day on friday, the weather is about to turn much more lively as we head through the course of the weekend. we've got a named storm, storm dierdre, it's been named by met eireann. that is bringing some very disruptive weather this weekend with warnings, amber warnings from the met office for ice and snow, and there will also be freezing rain which will bring widespread ice on any roads and untreated surfaces too. here is where we've got the amber warnings out through saturday and early into sunday as well. ice warnings across much of northern england and southern scotland and we'll also have snow and freezing rain here. heavy snow across many central parts of scotland, mainly to the north of the central belt. the reason for all this disruptive weather is milder air moving in from the atlantic, with these weather fronts which are which are packing in and bumping into this cold air, so a cold saturday dawn, temperatures sub—zero for many of us. that milder air works in from the west along with the rain, the freezing rain and ice and snow too. notjust the rain, freezing rain, ice and snow, but also some strong winds which will cause some disruption too. so you can see the rain
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edging its way gradually eastwards across the country, bumping into that cold air in place, and it will be turning to snow, mostly over the higher ground for the north of wales, the pennines too but even to the south we could get one or two flakes of snow earlier on before it turns back to rain, i think, during the middle part of the afternoon. could be about 2—5 centimetres of snow, even to low levels across northern england. to the north of the central belt, 10—20 centimetres of snow and the freezing rain really will be quite dangerous. that's rain droplets that willjust freeze instantly on impact with the cold ground, bringing a real instant ice rink effect. so some pretty disruptive weather through the course of saturday, all down to storm dierdre. it's going to cause disruption to travel through saturday night and on into sunday too. with that mix of freezing rain, snow and ice and strong winds too, your bbc local radio stations will keep you up—to—date with any
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disruption to travel. so heading on into the second half of the weekend, we start off sunday still with some rain and snow to the north—east which should slowly clear away. it will be a drier day compared to saturday, not as windy. more sunshine in the east but there will be some lying snow and still the risk of ice. further rain showers then packing in from the west later on in the day. it won't be quite as cold, so those temperatures starting to nudge up about 6—10 degrees through the day on sunday and then things turn a bit milder into the new working week, still unsettled with further showers for monday and tuesday too. bye for now. this is bbc news. the headlines: a us federaljudge in texas has ruled that barack obama's healthcare reforms are unconstitutional. thejudge said obamacare had been invalidated by a change in tax law last year which eliminated a penalty for not having health insurance. president trump said the ruling was great news for america. donald trump's former lawyer says the us president knew it was wrong to order payments before the election to keep two women
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silent about their alleged affairs with him. mr trump has denied asking michael cohen, who's been sentenced to three years in jail, to break the law. britain's prime minister has insisted talks with the rest of the european union will continue over further clarification of arrangements for the northern ireland border. theresa may said she had held robust talks with the european commission president, jean—claude juncker, after he had complained the debate was ‘nebulous and imprecise'. now, would you change the way you eat if you knew
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