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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 16, 2018 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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this is bbc news. i'm krupa padhy. our top stories: cheering. a last minute deal on the paris climate accord — while critics say it doesn't go far enough, delegates at the un conference in poland say its fair and balanced. and ambition that will ensure that oui’ and ambition that will ensure that our children and their children look back at our legacy and recognise that their parents and grandparents took the right decisions —— and ambition. several thousand yellow vest protesters take to the streets again in paris, but the numbers are smaller than on previous weekends. ukraine's president proclaims the creation of an independent orthodox church. russia denounces it as a political move. a newly discovered tomb, dating back around 4,500 years, is found in egypt. hello and welcome to bbc news.
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after two weeks of talks — and two years of work — consensus was finally reached tonight on an international rulebook to tackle climate change. nearly 200 countries overcame political divisions to support the implementation of the 2015 paris agreement. that deal aimed to limit a rise in average world temperatures to "well below" two degrees celsius compared to pre—industrial times. disagreements over the specifics of the plan caused the announcement to be delayed by more than 30 hours, but the conference president, michal kurtyka, said the common aims of all the parties had ultimately won out. an ambition that will ensure our children and their children look back at our legacy and recognise that their parents and grandparents took the right decisions at
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important juncture is like took the right decisions at importantjuncture is like the one that we are facing today —— junctures. applause. for more on this here's our science editor david shukman. this is what it's all about. gases released into the air that heat the planet. and after some long, difficult arguments, the world has inched towards a deal for how to reduce them. to try to avoid the risks of dangerous levels of warming in future. the talks at katowice in poland saw delegates from nearly 200 countries haggling over rules for how to tackle climate change. a slow process, but eventually a deal was done. the polish official chairing the talks was incredibly relieved. he was urged to take a bow. but there are questions about what has actually been achieved. the big challenge is that many countries, including poland, rely on highly polluting fuels like coal. thousands ofjobs depend on them.
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some campaigners say a few governments drag their feet. but others are pleased to have got this far. we have seen countries come together. they have responded to the science. they haven't done enough but they have done what's possible here. they have lent in, they have agreed some rules and they have set themselves a job to go home and do more and work out what they're going to do — engaging with their citizens, their businesses, their investors, to say, how can we take more climate action? the hope is for a transition to cleaner forms of energy, like solar power. the deal in poland may encourage that. the world is responding to the threat of global warming but not nearly with the speed that scientists say is needed. just after the marathon talks ended i spoke to the eu's energy and climate action commissioner miguel arias canete. he began by explaining what was in the agreement. what we have agreed to day is the
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work programme of the paris agreement, the rule book, the system of how we are going to prevent emissions, to monitor them, and to verify them, so that we can know exactly where we are regarding what the science recommends as pablos to fight global warming. we also have agreed the system for a globalist ta ke agreed the system for a globalist take if there is a distance between the policy, we are first in the european union, first in the world. and the policies we have in different countries to achieve stopping global warming well below two degrees. looking at your twitter feed right now and it is giving us a bit of a behind—the—scenes insight. one of your pictures as" how we have solved the last outstanding issues". what were the key sticking points for you and your team is? well, the
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last issue was the articles of the paris agreement, which relates to markets, how we can establish environmental integrity and the mechanisms, elements. and that was complicated because brazil had outstanding positions that they didn't accept was on the table. what we decided was very contentious, it is to leave it open to the next conference of the parties. we did not want to have a system that could not want to have a system that could not guarantee environmental integrity. the decision was to postpone the design of this system until the next conference of the parties. it was very complicated and took lots of negotiation. we were able to get the rest of the
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elements. we are able to personalise the paris agreement. in your earlier a nswer the paris agreement. in your earlier answer you said monitor, verify, ta ke answer you said monitor, verify, take stock, but how do you police these policies in practical terms? in the past we had a system, with developing countries, only have limited its obligations to communicate what they are doing. now we have an enhanced one that all countries will have similar rules. with flex abilities for those countries who don't have sufficient capacity and the capacity building for them —— flexibility. we have a system that will let us know the effo rts system that will let us know the efforts and the policies of the different parties put into action to the bilby commitments. and also with a globalist uptake we will assess whether added together it places the world in a pathway to limit global warming to levels science as we need
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to. what we have done to date is to make the paris agreement operational and now be parties happened was is on one side and is put together all the necessary transparency systems to assess what is the real situation that we are doing to fight global warming —— today. that we are doing to fight global warming -- today. that was miguel arias canete, speaking to me after that climate deal was reached. let's get some of the day's other news. at least 20 people, including a dozen children, have reportedly been killed in an air strike in the eastern afghanistan province of kunar. it's the latest in a series of strikes targeting senior taliban members — the regional taliban chief is said to be among the casualties. australia's prime minister has announced that his government now recognises west jerusalem as the capital of israel. scott morrison said australia also recognised the palestinian aspirations for a state capital in eastjerusalem. he said the australian embassy will not move from tel aviv until there's a final peace accord. the status ofjerusalem is one of the most contested issues between israel and the palestinians. the hollywood movie mogul
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harvey weinstein is facing fresh allegations of sexual assault. the latest accuser, an actress who has not been named, claims the film producer attacked and assaulted her during a meeting at his offices in 2013. the lawsuit alleges that when the woman rejected his advances, mr weinstein bragged about sleeping with jennifer lawrence and being responsible for her winning an oscar. ms lawrence issued a statement refuting the claims. mr weinstein denies all allegations of non—consensual sex. officials in brazil say a spiritual healer wanted on charges of sexual abuse against hundreds of women is on the run from authorities. police have launched a major search for the man, joao teixeira de faria, known as "john of god", after a judge ordered his arrest on friday. more than 300 women have alleged they were abused and raped by him at his clinic in brazil. mr faria has denied the accusations. there have been clashes in paris
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between police and the ‘yellow vest‘ protestors during a fifth weekend of anti—government demonstrations. in total, 66,000 protesters were on the streets across france. that number is significantly lower than before. earlier this week, president macron announced a series of concessions, to try to defuse the crisis. lucy williamson reports from paris. the tactics were the same as always but the tension here has waned. the number of protesters in paris today less than half of that of last weekend. there are far fewer people gathering here in paris today but there are still a few confrontations between protesters and police, like here on the champs—elysees. i think the security forces will be hoping this is the last final stand of the hard—core. this was a test of whether president
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macron's concessions this week have worked. ten billion euros to help those on the lowest incomes. not enough for some. translation: the president is offering us peanuts. we are not monkeys he can throw nuts at. we're human beings. the violence of previous demonstrations in paris along with the government's concessions and the impact of a terrorist attack in strasbourg this week have all helped dissuade protesters. but protest sites around the country are settling in for christmas and it is notjust the troublemakers left behind. at la ciotat tollgate 45 minutes outside marseille, the demands are no longerjust economic — they are also about democracy and access to power. translation: we want a second french revolution. we are going to show all of europe that the people do have power. president macron says long—term solutions to this crisis lie at the local level and that he wants to meet mayors, region by region, to hear their concerns.
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translation: president macron has ignored us from the moment he came to power. and now all of a sudden he wants us to come to his rescue. can i be honest with you? the idea of a national consultation is absolute rubbish. everything will carry onjust like before. the clashes here seem to be losing some momentum, but the frustration that sparked them hasn't been resolved. there's a part of france that feels precarious and invisible. for the past few weeks it was visible to all. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. the bbc‘s olga ivshina was reporting in paris when she was caught up in the middle of a scuffle between the police and the protestors. you see derek carr stun grenades,
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guns, tear gas. you see derek carr stun grenades, guns, teargas. —— you see derek carr stun grenades, guns, tear gas. —— stun guns. the police tried to disperse the protesters. but they have come again. there is a stand—off. an ongoing crisis in the centre. but this time it seems it is really violent. and now it seems there is an ongoing stand—off. the bbc‘s olga ivshina reporting from paris. ukraine's president has hailed the creation of an independent orthodox church as the final step in independence from russia. after decades of negotiations, an historic council of orthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. the russian orthodox church dismissed the bishops council as illegitimate and says the move means ‘absolutely nothing‘. jonah fisher reports. this is a religious story, but with
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ukraine and russia politics is never far away. for ukraine‘s president, petro poroshenko, this was a chance to notch up a much—needed win over the country‘s much larger and more powerful neighbour. to break away from the control of the russian orthodox church and, 27 years after independence, give ukraine its own internationally recognised church. for that to happen me too branches of ukrainian orthodoxy had to unite. and with the faithful waiting outside in the cold they did just that. electing a new leaderfor a new unified church. this is him. he is accompanied by a jubilant president poroshenko.
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translation: what is this new church, it is a church without vladimir putin. what is this church? it isa vladimir putin. what is this church? it is a church without a prayer for the russian authorities and the russian troops. because russian authorities and russian troops are killing ukrainians. but this church is with god and with ukraine. one of the most thorny issues lying ahead will be the fate of the many parishes and monasteries that the russian orthodox church still controls in ukraine. there are plenty of people who think they should now be handed over to the new ukrainian church. russia has already made its displeasure clear and has cut its ties with the ecumenical patriarch, the head of the global orthodox church in constantinople. jonah fisher, bbc news, kiev. there‘s to be another change in president trump‘s administration. he‘s announced, via twitter, that his interior minister ryan zinke will be leaving his post.
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mr zinke has been embroiled in a number of ethics investigations. he‘s also faced criticisms by environmental campaigners for promoting oil drilling and coal mining. dan johnson has more from washington. he isa he is a game hunter who swaggered into washington on horseback. but there were protests as the sort of millions of acres the drilling and miners, rolling back environmental protection and supporting the president‘s energy policy and putting fossil fuels first. time and again he visited areas devastated by fire but never really accepted climate change could be to blame. the temperatures are rising and the season the temperatures are rising and the season getting longer but we have to look at managing the forests. is integrity came under question. his wife was using government cars. was
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criticised by that of the chartering a plan to get into a hockey game — taxpayers pick up the $12,000 bill. conflict of interest in some of the deals he oversaw and concerns he was too close to lobbyists. the president‘s support was ebbing away. now he becomes the latest in a long line of leading figures to leave the trump top team. there were still no permanent replacement forjohn kelly who will also go at the end of this month. the search can recommence in the new year. over 25 departures since january 2017, more than double the rate of barack obama first two yea rs. the rate of barack obama first two years. many people wanted the chief of staff job years. many people wanted the chief of staffjob at his first choice turned it down and so did a few others. now there is another role to feel and there are signs it is getting more difficult to fill a
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white house. stay with us on bbc world news, still to come: keeping elephants healthy and happy — we visit a camp in india where temple elephants get some tlc. after eight months on the run, saddam hussein has been tracked down and captured by american forces. saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes, but they brought a formal end to three and a half years of conflict, conflict that has claimed more than 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of bosnia, serbia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off from the outside world in order
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to prevent the details of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life, the lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second president ever to be impeached. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: representatives from over 200 countries at the un climate conference in poland, agree on a plan to implement the paris climate accord. scuffles on the streets of paris and other french cities as yellow vest protesters take to the streets for the fifth saturday in a row. one of theresa may‘s closest colleagues has appealed to mps across the political divide to "forge a consensus" over brexit, acknowledging that the prime minister‘s deal for leaving the european union might not be
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approved by parliament. her comments follow another difficult eu summit for theresa may, in which she failed to win concessions that might have made her withdrawal deal acceptable to mps. here‘s our political correspondent, chris mason. parliament stares at gridlock. cobbling together a majority to endorse anything looks incredibly difficult, and downing street has studiously avoided any public discussion of a plan b, what happens if, when, the prime minister‘s plan is rejected. but writing in the daily mail, amber rudd says that brexit is in danger of getting stuck, and while supporting theresa may‘s deal, advocates assembling a coalition, potentially reaching out to opposition parties, to avoid what she calls the rocks of no deal. amber rudd proposes in her article a series of commons votes to test support for a range of possible outcomes but one conservative brexiteer mp told me you had to be
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on a mood altering substance to believe persuading labour mps was a viable way forward. and even within theresa may‘s cabinet there‘s differing views about what plan b should or should not look like. and others are making the case for plan a still, albeit plan a with tweaks not yet secured. it‘s very tempting after a week like we‘ve had, which has not been a good week, to try and reach for other radical solutions. i still think if you look at all of this, when the dust has settled, the only way that we‘re going to get through the house of commons and to give the british people the brexit that they voted for, is to have a version of the deal that the government has negotiated. one former minister who resigned last month to call for another referendum says the government
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should get a move on and let mps have their say. i‘ve got absolutely no doubt that if the vote is deferred again when we come back on monday, that very serious conversations will be had by members of the cabinet and members of parliament asking, well, what is the strategy? it‘s simply unacceptable to run out the clock and face the country with the prospect of being timed out. the country has arrived at a moment of extraordinary jeopardy, with no—one in sole control of events and no—one who knows precisely what will happen next. chris mason, bbc news. sri lanka‘s former president has resigned from his disputed recent appointment as prime minister. the country has been in political gridlock for nearly two months since mahinda rajapa ksa was appointed prime minister by the president. mr rajapaksa was unable to command a majority in parliament. there are suggestions that mr rajapa ksa‘s resignation could lead to mr wickremesinghe returning to power on sunday. archaeologists in egypt have made an exciting tomb discovery —
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the final resting place of a high priest, untouched for 4,400 years. it‘s located in the sakara pyramid complex just south of cairo. experts are calling it "one of a kind". nick marsh has more. ina yearof landmark in a year of landmark discoveries, egyptian archaeologists have one more trick up their sleeve— this private term buried beneath the sand, untouched and a mooted for almost a500 years. sand, untouched and a mooted for almost 4500 years. the upper level we found niches with 24 statues. in the lower level we found 26 niches with 31 statues. escalate to say that to belong to a high priest is served in the 25th dynasty rain. what makes it unique is the statues
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and terribly fixed. the sakara is also home to the step pyramid and it was there in november were archaeologists found this mummified bodies dating back 6000 years and is perfectly preserved cats. it is part ofa perfectly preserved cats. it is part of a series of discoveries which ministers hope will entice visitors to this country after the slump in tourism after the uprising. translation: today we are announcing the last discovery of 2018 stop it isa the last discovery of 2018 stop it is a new discovery, a private term exceptionally well preserved, coloured and with sculptures inside. you can see the remains... we are told they could be more to come in the new year as escalators hope a shaft like contained an ancient priest. what has been found art
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scribbled tribute to a different kind of money, the priest‘s mother. —— mummy. where do elephants go to relax? i assure you, this is not the start ofa i assure you, this is not the start of a bad joke. a local indian government initiative aims to create an elephant spa — a retreat where they are pampered by staff. it‘s all being done in the name of boosting their health and mental well—being. rahuljoglekar has the details. it is time to relax, have a splash and catch up with friends. welcome to india‘s elephant spa, a government initiative that wants them to relax. more than two dozen elephants have come here are some me time, fish and tips and good food. they have like a rejuvenation, health where they come and stay and are fed herbs and the proper and
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then they enjoyed the national natural surroundings and they regain oui’ natural surroundings and they regain our lot of their health and i feel very happy here. while elephants are respected as cultural and religious symbols, they are also victim of electrocution, poaching, train accidents and poisoning, and i‘m all right activists say. some claim seven elephants were claimed just a few months ago. at this camp, authorities want elephants to just unwind stopped given how long their memories are, they will probably remember this for a long time to come. you can reach me on twitter. i‘m @ krupa padhy bbc plenty more on our website. good morning. the weatherfor sunday
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looks very different to saturday. things are improving now. we had everything on the picture on saturday, including some freezing rain which is rate in the uk but also very dangerous. the worst is now over. an amber snowboarding the scotla nd now over. an amber snowboarding the scotland north of the central belt. towards the end of the night, even here the snow should ease. it are bringing rain, snow and freezing rain, slipping out to the north sea. he brought wet weather for a while in northern england, pushing to scotla nd in northern england, pushing to scotland and snow up over the hills as the storm moves away. leases with as the storm moves away. leases with a south—westerly airflow. temperatures at milder, still some icy patches for northern england and particularly in scotland where there will be wintry showers but the winners will be lighter by this stage. we will see those showers in scotla nd stage. we will see those showers in scotland becoming fewer, more sunshine arriving with sunny spells
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for northern ireland and the morning sunny for northern england and wales. shara rain gathering across western parts of england and wales, through the english channel. heavy bursts of rain in the afternoon but a better day on the whole. lighter winds. cold air across scandinavia and the north—east of europe. increasingly south—westerly winds. atla ntic increasingly south—westerly winds. atlantic when the dragging in milder air, unsettled, changeable weather, yes, but on monday we are between two weather systems. earlier snow, sunshine elsewhere. when picking up. it will introduce a few showers in the western areas ahead of the main rain band holding off to the north—west even by the end of the day. southerly winds, south—westerly winds, mild, even some double figures. the main driver is the area of low pressure pushing ahead of
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this weather front. it is moving very erratically eastwards and that means pulses of heavy rain with some snow, possible flooding. we may see the weather in proving in northern ireland. double—figure temperatures everywhere on tuesday. while that rain moves away overnight, we are back into sunshine and showers through wednesday and possibly into thursday but we still have the winds from the south—west so for all of us it should be at it milder. —— a bit. this is bbc news. the headlines: representatives of around 200 nations at un climate change summit in poland have reached agreement over how to implement the paris accord. talks had continued for an extra day to resolve lingering issues. there‘ve been scuffles in paris between groups of yellow vest anti—government protesters and police.
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it‘s the fifth consecutive weekend of nationwide protests in france over issues including the cost of living. ukraine‘s president has hailed the creation of an independent orthodox church as the final step in independence from russia. after decades of negotiations, an historic council of orthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. and a new tomb, believed to date back around 4,500 years, has been discovered in the saqqara pyramid complex in egypt. tolls on the two main bridges crossing the river severn into south wales, will be scrapped from monday.
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