hello and welcome to bbc news. i'm reged ahmad. after two weeks of talks and two years of work, consensus was finally reached late on saturday evening, on international rules to tackle climate change. nearly 200 countries overcame political divisions to support the implementation of the 2015 paris agreement. that aimed to limit a rise in average global temperatures to well below 2 degrees celsius, above pre—industrial levels. here's our science editor david shukman. this is what it's all about. gases released into the air that heat the planet. and after some long, difficult arguments, the world has inched towards a deal for how to reduce them. to try to avoid the risks of dangerous levels of warming in future. the talks at katowice in poland saw delegates from nearly 200 countries haggling over rules for how to tackle climate change. a slow process, but eventually a deal was done.
the polish official chairing the talks was incredibly relieved. it will move us one step closer to the ambition enshrined in the paris agreement, an ambition that makes short our children and their children look back on our legacy and recognise that their parents and grandparents took the right decisions. he was urged to take a bow. but there are questions about what has actually been achieved. the big challenge is that many countries, including poland, rely on highly polluting fuels like coal. thousands ofjobs depend on them. some campaigners say a few governments drag their feet. but others are pleased to have got this far. we have seen countries come together. they have responded to the science. they haven't done enough but they have done what's possible here. they have lent in, they have agreed some rules and they have set themselves a job to go home and do more and work out what they're going to do — engaging with their citizens,
their businesses, their investors, to say, how can we take more climate action? the hope is for a transition to cleaner forms of energy, like solar power. the deal in poland may encourage that. the world is responding to the threat of global warming but not nearly with the speed that scientists say is needed. there have been clashes in paris between police and the ‘yellow vest‘ protestors, during a fifth weekend of anti—government demonstrations. in total, 66,000 protesters were on the streets across france. that number is significantly lower than before. last week, president macron announced a series of concessions, to try to defuse the crisis. lucy williamson reports from paris. the tactics were the same as always but the tension here has waned. the number of protesters in paris today less than half of that of last weekend. there are far fewer people gathering here in paris today but there are still a few confrontations between protesters and police, like here
on the champs—elysees. i think the security forces will be hoping this is the last final stand of the hard—core. this was a test of whether president macron‘s concessions this week have worked. ten billion euros to help those on the lowest incomes. not enough for some. translation: the president is offering us peanuts. we are not monkeys he can throw nuts at. we're human beings. the violence of previous demonstrations in paris along with the government's concessions and the impact of a terrorist attack in strasbourg this week have all helped dissuade protesters. but protest sites around the country are settling in for christmas and it is notjust the troublemakers left behind. at la ciotat tollgate 45 minutes outside marseille, the demands are no longerjust economic — they are also about democracy and access to power. translation: we want a second french revolution. we are going to show all of europe
that the people do have power. president macron says long—term solutions to this crisis lie at the local level and that he wants to meet mayors, region by region, to hear their concerns. translation: president macron has ignored us from the moment he came to power. and now all of a sudden he wants us to come to his rescue. can i be honest with you? the idea of a national consultation is absolute rubbish. everything will carry onjust like before. the clashes here seem to be losing some momentum, but the frustration that sparked them hasn't been resolved. there's a part of france that feels precarious and invisible. for the past few weeks it was visible to all. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. let's get some of the day's other news at least 20 people, including a dozen children,
have reportedly been killed in an air strike in the eastern afghanistan province of kunar. it's the latest in a series of strikes targeting senior taliban members — the regional taliban chief is said to be among the casualties. the hollywood movie mogul harvey weinstein is facing fresh allegations of sexual assault. the latest accuser, an actress who has not been named, claims the film producer attacked and assaulted her during a meeting at his offices in 2013. the lawsuit alleges that when the woman rejected his advances, mr weinstein bragged about sleeping with jennifer lawrence and being responsible for her winning an oscar. ms lawrence issued a statement refuting the claims, mr weinstein denies all allegations of non—consensual sex. officials in brazil say a spiritual healer wanted on charges of sexual abuse against hundreds of women is on the run from authorities. police have launched a major search for the man, zhow tay—shareah de faria, known as "john of god", after a judge ordered
his arrest on friday. more than three hundred women have alleged they were abused and raped by him at his clinic in brazil. mr de faria has denied the accusations. back now to our top story — the agreement reached at the un climate change conference in katowice. the bbc‘s environment correspondent david shukman explained what would happen next. when the dust settles, we will see one very significant thing, which is that for the first time, the countries of the world have a rule book, a common set of guidelines for how to cut their greenhouse gases. how to declare them, how to verify them, that is a key point, to check that what countries promised to do what they will actually do.
the chinese worried about it being too intrusive, but britain and other countries wanted something robust. that has been agreed, some more technical, very complicated but important issues have been kicked into touch to make this deal possible. the really key thing in the coming years, the test, is that do greenhouse gas emissions fall, over the 25 years or so of this process they have gone up dramatically? what matters, according to climate scientists, is to get to a turning point to see those gases falling as rapidly as possible. helen mountford is vice president for climate and economic at world resources institute. she's in washington. she was actually at the climate conference a little earlier in the week. what everyone is going to be wondering is, is this deal enough to avert the worst effects of climate change? we very much hope it's the right start going in that direction.
the deal that came about in katowice is an important one, it sets the rulebook and guidelines of how to move forward and operationalise the paris agreement but it will be seen over the next 1—2 years. paris agreement but it will be seen over the next 1-2 years. we have been hearing, especially from the ipcc report about how dire things are that we are supposed to achieve are that we are supposed to achieve a 45% cut from 2010 levels in 11 yea rs. a 45% cut from 2010 levels in 11 years. doesn't that mean effectively this deal is a bit of a failure. it's just not enough to get us there? i wouldn't say that. this deal was absolutely fundamental in setting rules on transparency about reporting, information provision, review and discussion and assessing what progress is being made. that is essential to build trust among the parties and make sure we are on the right track year by year as we go forward. it's a sort of fundamental
foundation for what we need to do. beyond that, what we are looking for is how countries can step up action and enhance their ambition. there are some important discussions around that in katowice and some key texts agreed looking forward to the summit which is september 20 19. were countries are being asked to come back and look at how they can enhance ambition and come forward with new commitments. there is a good timeline and an approach that's been agreed. you were at the summit earlier. are you personally disappointed that more wasn't achieved because that's been some of the criticism and we've been hearing about a lot of conflict between countries at the summit as well. there is certainly quite a bit of conflict. this is one of the conferences where we saw much more up conferences where we saw much more up in the air, a 2— week conference,
still far too many square brackets, issues needing to be resolved. there was a very contentious discussion as you may have seen around climate science and the weekend in between with just a few countries, the us, russia, saudi arabia and kuwait being outliers. wanting to embrace the findings of the latest scientific report. there is definitely some very difficult days and discussions and up until the last minute, there were some real question about whether there would bea question about whether there would be a deal. given all that, it was definitely an accomplishment. we do need to see this as a foundation which needs to be built upon. the good news is what we also saw in katowice and outside the conference rooms is that there is so much action that's been a little bit forward , action that's been a little bit forward, whether it's the cities, states, businesses. there is a lot
of movement on the ground. quite a bit but countries and governments can build upon. helen mountford, thank you very much for that sum up of the climate agreement. the work and pensions secretary, amber rudd, has appealed to mps across the political divide to "forge a consensus" over brexit, acknowledging that the prime minister's deal for leaving the european union, might not be approved by parliament. her comments follow another difficult eu summit for theresa may, in which she failed to win concessions, that might have made her withdrawal deal acceptable to mps. here's our political correspondent, chris mason. parliament stares at gridlock. cobbling together a majority to endorse anything looks incredibly difficult, and downing street has studiously avoided any public discussion of a plan b, what happens if, when, the prime minister's plan is rejected. but writing in the daily mail, amber rudd says that brexit is in danger of getting stuck,
and while supporting theresa may's deal, advocates assembling a coalition, potentially reaching out to opposition parties, to avoid what she calls the rocks of no deal. amber rudd proposes in her article a series of commons votes to test support for a range of possible outcomes but one conservative brexiteer mp told me you had to be on a mood altering substance to believe persuading labour mps was a viable way forward. and even within theresa may's cabinet there's differing views about what plan b should or should not look like. we do apologise to that technical problem. we will try and give it a rest of that story on what's been happening with brexit in the uk and
brussels on theresa may's efforts to get some sort of consensus over her deal a little later on in the programme. let's move on. an investigation is under way after a 33—year—old woman and her 8 year old daughter died in a fire at their home in nottinghamshire. a five—year—old boy and 34—year—old man remain in hospital with serious injuries. police say the emergency services were called to the property near newark, at around 7am this morning. five people, thought to be from the same family, were in the house at the time. staff at chester zoo say it may take some time to account for all of the creatures being housed in a building partially destroyed by fire. the blaze broke out this morning in the monsoon forest habitat, the largest indoor zoological building in britain. emergency teams were unable to stop most of the building's roof from being destroyed. one person was treated for breathing difficulties. a boat carrying suspected migrants has been picked up off the coast of dover by the border force. in the last three months, more than one hundred migrants are known to have attempted crossing
the english channel, the world's busiest shipping lane. this is bbc news, the headlines: representatives from over 200 countries at the un climate conference in poland agree on a plan to implement the paris climate accord. but some have criticised the deal for falling short of what's needed scuffles on the streets of paris and other french cities as yellow vest protesters take to the streets for the fifth saturday in a row. well, more on that now — the bbc‘s 0lga ivshina was reporting in paris when she was caught up in the middle of a scuffle between the police and the protestors. protests in paris go violent again. you see there stun grenades, gas, tear gas. police tried to disperse the protesters. but they have come again and again.
there is a stand—off. an ongoing crisis in the centre. but this time it seems it's really violent. coughing. and now it seems there is an ongoing stand—off. the bbc‘s 0lga ivshina reporting from paris. ukraine's president has hailed the creation of an independent 0rthodox church as the final step in independence from russia. after decades of negotiations, an historic council of 0rthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. the russian orthodox church dismissed the bishops council as illegitimate and says the move means ‘absolutely nothing.‘ jonah fisher reports. this is a religious story,
but with ukraine and russia politics is never far away. for ukraine‘s president, petro poroshenko, this was a chance to notch up a much—needed win over the country‘s much larger and more powerful neighbour. to break away from the control of the russian orthodox church and, 27 years after independence, give ukraine its own internationally recognised church. for that to happen the two branches of ukrainian orthodoxy had to unite. and with the faithful waiting outside in the cold they did just that. electing a new leader for a new unified church. this is him — metropolitan epifaniy. accompanied, of course, by a jubilant president poroshenko. translation: what is this new church?
it is a church without putin. what is this church? it is a church without kirill. what is this church? it is a church without a prayer for the russian authorities and the russian troops. because russian authorities and russian troops are killing ukrainians. but this church is with god and with ukraine. one of the most thorny issues lying ahead will be the fate of the many parishes and monasteries that the russian orthodox church still controls in ukraine. there are plenty of people who think they should now be handed over to the new ukrainian church. russia has already made its displeasure clear and has cut its ties with the ecumenical patriarch, the head of the global orthodox church in constantinople. jonah fisher, bbc news, kiev. archaeologists in egypt have made an exciting tomb discovery, the final resting place of a high priest, untouched for 4,400 years. it‘s located in the sakahra pyramid complex just south of cairo. experts are calling it ‘one of a kind‘. nick marsh has more. in a year of landmark discoveries,
egyptian archaeologists have one last trick up their sleeve, and it was this private tomb buried beneath the sand, untouched and unlooted for almost 11.5 millenia. we found two levels, like this. the upper level we found 18 niches with 2a statues. in the lower level we found 26 niches with 31 statues. excavators say the tomb belonged to a high priest who served during the 5th dynasty rein of king neferirkare. what makes it unique are the tomb‘s excellently preserved statues of pharaohs and these near—flawless coloured hieroglyphics on the walls. the sa kara acropolis, in which the tomb was found, is also home to egypt‘s famous djoser, or step pyramid,
and it was there in november where archaeologists found these mummified bodies dating back 6000 years, and these perfectly preserved cats and scarab beetles. it is part of a series of discoveries that egypt‘s ministerfor antiquities hopes will entice visitors once more to his country after the slump in tourism that followed the 2011 political uprising. translation: today we are announcing the last discovery of 2018. it is a new discovery, a private tomb that is exceptionally well—preserved, coloured and with sculptures inside. this is the shaft and we can see the remains... we are told that there will be more to come in the new year as excavators hope that one of these shafts in the tomb might contain an ancient priest‘s sarcophagus. what has been found though are scribbled tributes around the tomb to a different kind of mummy — the priest‘s mother. nick marsh, bbc news. now the winner of strictly come dancing has been decided, so tune away if you‘re planning to catch up later. this year the glitter ball trophy
went to bbc documentary presenter stacey dooley and her professional partner kevin clifton. here‘s a little look at how the evening went. the vote is have been counted the vote had been counted and independently verified. i can confirm that the champions are... stacey and kevin! cheering. entertainment journalist emma bullimore explained why stacey was such a popular winner. stacey, she had the classic strictly journey. she blossomed, she got better, she had an amazing time. you know, i think a lot of people were very happy
that she won this evening. and she had kevin with her who is one of the most popular pros. four times in the final before tonight, so it really was his chance also to win the glitterball. at the start of the series there was a lot of talk about the lineup not being glitzy enough, there weren‘t enough a—listers or "who are these people?" but it does not matter, once you get into it, it doesn‘t really matter who‘s in the show. that format, thosejudges, that ballroom — it is such a special show, really, such a feel—good place, away from any politics or any nonsense like that, so it was a great series for me. loads of highlights, loads of amazing dancers, they brought in this couple‘s choice category what was really bounce so you has some theatre dances and street dances and contemporary routines as well, it mixed it up a little bit but it was still classic strictly and i thought it was a great series. what happens when you merge football
and golf together? foot golf. woodchipping chipset are being taking waste this week in morocco. it has already been quite a year for french sports. in moscow this summer, the countries operated winning the football world cup. now hopes of similar success in the foot golf equivalent. victory over the united states in the semifinals setting up a showdown with the old nme from across the channel. but firstly, what are the rules of foot golf? well, find yourself a suitable golf? well, find yourself a suitable golf course, although the holes are usually a bit shorter. then of
course, you need a football, which you proceed to kick around the course. the aim, to put the ball in a so—called cup, as in golf, the fewer hip is the better. back in morocco and a tense final match between france and the uk. ultimately, superior goal difference leading to glory. everybody wanted to win against the uk and that is it, we are on top of the world and we just want to make it clear. laughter. so, the team event was won by france, sunday will see the individual honours handed out as players seek parts of or score goals, you decide. you can reach me on twitter. i‘m @regedahmadbbc. the weather now with darren bett.
hello there. good morning. the weather for sunday looks very different to saturday. things are improving now. we had everything really on the picture on saturday, including some freezing rain which is rare in the uk but also very dangerous. the worst is now over. for a short while we‘ve got this amber snow warning from the met office for scotland, north of the central belt. but even after the early hours, towards the end of the night, even here the snow should tend to ease off. the main belt of cloud that brought that mixture of rain, snow and freezing rain, sweeping out into the north sea. that curl of cloud behind bringing some wet weather for a while in northern england, pushing into scotland, increasingly snow up over the hills as the storm moves away, leaving us with more a south—westerly airflow. and these are the temperatures we are looking at at the end of the night. a little bit milder, still some icy patches for northern england and particularly in scotland, where there will be some further wintry showers around but the winds will be lighter by this stage. we will see those showers in scotland becoming fewer, more sunshine arriving with sunny spells for northern ireland, and the morning should be dry and sunny for most of england and wales.
but we‘ll see this showery rain gathering across western parts of england and wales, moving through the english channel. some heavy bursts of rain in the afternoon but it will be a better day on the whole. lighter winds, much milder air across the uk as well. really cold air is still across scandinavia and across the north—east of europe. but increasingly we‘re getting south—westerly winds. so atlantic winds, drags in milder air, unsettled, changeable weather, yes, but on monday we are inbetween two weather fronts so most places will have a dry day, with some morning mist and fog, i think, for scotland, after that earlier snow. plenty of sunshine elsewhere. we‘ll see the wind picking up. it will introduce a few showers into western areas, ahead of the main rain band which isjust holding off to the north—west even by the end of the day. but it‘s the southerly winds, south—westerly winds, so mild, even some double figures temperatures for belfast and the central belt of scotland. the main driver of the weather is going to be the area of low
pressure which pushes ahead this weather front here. but it is moving very erratically eastwards, there‘s waves on it and that means there‘s pulses of heavy rain and with some snow melt, and some heaviy rain likely to be some flooding. how quickly east it moves across that‘s open to doubt. we may see the weather improving in northern ireland. double—figure temperatures everywhere on tuesday. while that rain moves away overnight, we are then back into sunshine and showers through wednesday and possibly into thursday but we‘ve still got the winds from the south—west so for all of us it should be a bit milder. this is bbc news, the headlines: representatives of around 200 nations at a un climate change summit in poland have reached agreement over how to implement the paris accord. talks had continued for an extra day, but some critics say the deal doesn‘t put enough pressure on countries to cut their emmissions, there‘ve been scuffles in paris between groups of yellow vest anti—government protesters and police. it‘s the fifth consecutive weekend of nationwide protests in france over issues including
the cost of living. ukraine‘s president has hailed the creation of an independent 0rthodox church as the final step in independence from russia. after decades of negotiations, an historic council of 0rthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. and a new tomb — believed to date back around four —— 11,500 years, has been discovered in the saqqara pyramid complex in egypt. tolls on the two main bridges crossing the river severn into south wales, will be scrapped from monday. drivers have been charged for more than fifty years.