hello and welcome to bbc news. i'm reged ahmad. after two weeks of talks and two years of work, consensus was finally reached late on saturday evening, on international rules to tackle climate change. nearly 200 countries overcame political divisions, to support the implementation of the 2015 paris agreement. that aimed to limit a rise in average global temperatures to "well below" two degrees celsius — above pre—industrial levels. here's our science editor, david shukman. this is what it's all about. gases released into the air that heat the planet. and after some long, difficult arguments, the world has inched towards a deal for how to reduce them. to try to avoid the risks of dangerous levels of warming in future. the talks at katowice in poland saw delegates from nearly 200 countries haggling over rules for how to tackle climate change. a slow process, but eventually a deal was done. the polish official chairing the talks was incredibly relieved. it will move us one step closer to the ambition enshrined in the paris agreement,
an ambition that makes sure our children and their children look back on our legacy and recognise that their parents and grandparents took the right decisions. he was urged to take a bow. but there are questions about what has actually been achieved. the big challenge is that many countries, including poland, rely on highly polluting fuels like coal. thousands ofjobs depend on them. some campaigners say a few governments drag their feet. but others are pleased to have got this far. we have seen countries come together. they have responded to the science. they haven't done enough but they have done what's possible here. they have lent in, they have agreed some rules and they have set themselves a job to go home and do more and work out what they're going to do — engaging
with their citizens, their businesses, their investors, to say, how can we take more climate action? the hope is for a transition to cleaner forms of energy, like solar power. the deal in poland may encourage that. the world is responding to the threat of global warming but not nearly with the speed that scientists say is needed. david shukman, bbc news. there have been clashes in paris between police and the ‘yellow vest‘ protestors, during a fifth weekend of anti—government demonstrations. in total, 66,000 protesters were on the streets across france. that number is significantly lower than before. last week, president macron announced a series of concessions, to try to defuse the crisis. lucy williamson reports from paris. the tactics were the same as always but the tension here has waned. the number of protesters in paris today less than half of that of last weekend. there are far fewer people gathering here in paris today but there are still a few confrontations between protesters and police, like here on the champs—elysees. i think the security forces will be
hoping this is the last final stand of the hard—core. this was a test of whether president macron‘s concessions this week have worked. ten billion euros to help those on the lowest incomes. not enough for some. translation: the president is offering us peanuts. we are not monkeys he can throw nuts at. we're human beings. the violence of previous demonstrations in paris along with the government's concessions and the impact of a terrorist attack in strasbourg this week have all helped dissuade protesters. but protest sites around the country are settling in for christmas and it is notjust the troublemakers left behind. at la ciotat tollgate 45 minutes outside marseille, the demands are no longerjust economic — they are also about democracy and access to power. translation: we want a second french revolution. we are going to show all of europe that the people do have power. president macron says long—term
solutions to this crisis lie at the local level and that he wants to meet mayors, region by region, to hear their concerns. translation: president macron has ignored us from the moment he came to power. and now all of a sudden he wants us to come to his rescue. can i be honest with you? the idea of a national consultation is absolute rubbish. everything will carry onjust like before. the clashes here seem to be losing some momentum, but the frustration that sparked them hasn't been resolved. there's a part of france that feels precarious and invisible. for the past few weeks it was visible to all. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. let's look at some other stories in brief. at least 20 people, including a dozen children, have reportedly been killed in an air strike in the eastern afghanistan province of kunar. it's the latest in a series
of strikes targeting senior taliban members — the regional taliban chief is said to be among the casualties. 11 people have died and more than 90 have been hospitalised after they ate a religious food offering at a temple in india. devotees fell ill when they ate tomato rice at a hindu temple in the southern state of karnataka. local media is reporting it's likely the result of pesticide contamination. the hollywood movie mogul harvey weinstein is facing fresh allegations of sexual assault. the latest accuser, an actress who has not been named, claims in a lawsuit that the film producer attacked and assaulted her during a meeting at his offices in 2013. mr weinstein denies all allegations of non—consensual sex. officials in brazil say a spiritual healer wanted on charges of sexual abuse against hundreds of women is on the run. police have launched a major search forjoao teixeira de faria, known as "john of god", after a judge ordered his
arrest on friday. mr de faria has denied the accusations. you're watching bbc news. the work and pensions secretary, amber rudd, has appealed to mps across the political divide to "forge a consensus" over brexit, acknowledging that the prime minister's deal for leaving the european union, might not be approved by parliament. her comments follow another difficult eu summit for theresa may, in which she failed to win concessions, that might have made her withdrawal deal acceptable to mps. here's our political correspondent, chris mason. parliament stares at gridlock. cobbling together a majority to endorse anything looks incredibly difficult, and downing street has studiously avoided any public discussion of a plan b, what happens if, when, the prime minister's plan is rejected. but writing in the daily mail, amber rudd says that brexit is in danger of getting stuck, and while supporting theresa may's deal, advocates assembling
a coalition, potentially reaching out to opposition parties, to avoid what she calls the rocks of no deal. amber rudd proposes in her article a series of commons votes to test support for a range of possible outcomes but one conservative brexiteer mp told me you had to be on a mood altering substance to believe persuading labour mps was a viable way forward. and even within theresa may's cabinet there's differing views about what plan b should or should not look like. and others are making the case for plan a still, albeit plan a with tweaks not yet secured. it's very tempting after a week like we've had, which has not been a good week, to try and reach for other radical solutions. i still think if you look at all of this, when the dust is settled, the only way that we're going to get through the house of commons and to give the british people the brexit that they voted
for, is to have a version of the deal that the government has negotiated. 0ne former minister who resigned last month to call for another referendum says the government should get a move on and let mps have their say. i've got absolutely no doubt that if the vote is deferred again when we come back on monday, that very serious conversations will be had by members of the cabinet and members of parliament asking, well, what is the strategy? it's simply unacceptable to run out the clock and face the country with the prospect of being timed out. the country has arrived at a moment of extraordinary jeopardy, with no—one in sole control of events and no—one who knows precisely what will happen next. chris mason, bbc news. an investigation is under way after a 33—year—old woman and her eight—year—old daughter died in a fire at their home in nottinghamshire. a five—year—old boy and 34—year—old
man remain in hospital with serious injuries. police say the emergency services were called to the property near newark, at around 7:00am this morning. five people, thought to be from the same family, were in the house at the time. staff at chester zoo say it may take some time to account for all of the creatures being housed in a building partially destroyed by fire. the blaze broke out this morning in the monsoon forest habitat, the largest indoor zoological building in britain. emergency teams were unable to stop most of the building's roof from being destroyed. one person was treated for breathing difficulties. several thousand people have taken to the streets of rome to protest against racism and oppose the government's tough new anti—migrant law. the bill, passed last month, makes it easier to expel migrants and limits residency permits. italy has become the main entry point for migrants crossing the mediterranean to europe. caroline rigby reports. at times it seemed more like a
carnival than a protest. thousands marched through rome to the soundtrack of bob marley, drawing on the scene's lyrics to make their point. they called for unity and an end to racism. translation: we cannot accept indifference. we remind the government that giving dignity and rights to the invisible people means building italy's future. italy has seen a building italy's future. italy has seen a surge building italy's future. italy has seen a surge in racist attacks since the far rightly, an antiestablishment five star movement took office in april. sergio mattarella's league party has increased in popularity. some argue his tough stand on immigration has also fuelled anti—migrant hostility. translation: these latest policy
changes in italy generate more discrimination, distress, and difficulties. while we believe we can come exist with all those who wa nt can come exist with all those who want a better life, a better world, whatever their colour or origin. translation: we did not come here just to walk around, but because we have raged within us, rage for socialjustice, first for social justice. that is why we are in rome, to say no to these racist policies. in recent weeks italy passed the new law making it easier to deport migrants and stripped them of italian citizenship. legislation the united nations refugee agency warns does not provide adequate guarantees, particularly when it comes to vulnerable people. this weekend in rome, protesters called for solidarity with refugees. some
are even demented mr salvini's resignation. but in a country that has become the main gateway for migrants crossing the mediterranean, with more than 20,000 arriving this year alone, it is clear the italian people remain split over how to deal with the issue. caroline rigby, bbc news. a boat carrying suspected migrants has been picked up off the coast of dover by the border force. in the last three months, more than 100 migrants are known to have attempted crossing the english channel, the world's busiest shipping lane. tolls on the two main bridges crossing the river severn into south wales, will be scrapped from monday. drivers have been charged for more than 50 years. the welsh government says removing tolls will boost the economy by around £100 million a year, but critics say there'll be more traffic congestion. sian lloyd's report contains some flashing images. crossing the river severn into south wales has until now always come at a price. some 25 millionjourneys a year are made. lorry driver craig evans makes more than most. for 17 years, he's been delivering goods from wales across the border. this could be halfway over
the bridge, and you're losing time, your driving time, you're late getting the goods delivered. it's just horrific. his firm makes 31,000 crossings every year. until recently, lorries were charged £20 a time. it's good for my company. they've got more money in to invest, which will create more jobs, but the side that i'm not looking forward to is the traffic which is going to come into wales, and from my point of view, it's going to cause more congestion. to commemorate the first crossing of the severn bridge, i have great pleasure in unveiling this plaque. in 1966, the completion of the first bridge across the severn caused huge excitement, but the volume of traffic multiplied, and 30 years later, the prince of wales opened a second severn crossing.
when this bridge returned to public ownership, the uk government announced that the tolls would go. around 100 staff are affected. among them is darren moore, who said he is sad to be losing hisjob but does have fond memories of his time in the toll booths. you'd get people turning up and going, is this the way to exeter? is this the way to scotland? because they've taken a wrong turning, and then you have to break the news that they're actually just about to enter wales. work is now under way to remove the barriers. the aim is to save drivers money and encourage more investment in the south wales economy, but it's predicted that scrapping the tolls will increase traffic on what is already a congested stretch of the motorway. sian lloyd, bbc news, on the m4. this is bbc news. our main story this hour: representatives from over 200 countries at the un climate conference in poland agree on a plan to implement the paris climate accord. but some have criticised the deal for falling short of what's needed. more on that now. earlier, i spoke to helen mountford.
she is vice president for climate and economics at the world resources institute, and she had just returned on friday from the climate talks in katowice. i asked her if the deal was enough to avert the worst effects of climate change. we very much hope it's the right start going in that direction. the deal that we got in katowice is an important one, it sets the rulebook and the guidelines of how to move forward and how to operationalise the paris agreement, but it will be seen over the next 1—2 years. we have been hearing, especially from the ipcc report, of how dire things are, that we are supposed to achieve a 45% cut from 2010 levels in 11 years. doesn't that mean that, effectively, this deal is a bit of a failure? it's just not enough to get us there? i wouldn't say that.
this deal was absolutely fundamental in starting to set some of these rules on transparency, about reporting, information provision, review and discussion and assessing what progress is being made. that is essential to build trust among the parties and make sure we are on the right track year by year as we go forward. so, it's a sort of fundamental foundation for what we need to do. beyond that, what we are looking for is how countries can step up action and enhance their ambition. there are some important discussion around that in katowice and some key text that was agreed, really looking forward to the summit which is september 2019, where countries are being asked to come back and look at how they can enhance ambition and come forward with new commitments. so, there is a good timeline and an approach that's been agreed. you were at the summit earlier. are you personally disappointed that more wasn't
achieved? because that's been some of the criticism, and we've been hearing about a lot of conflict between countries at the summit as well. there is certainly quite a bit of conflict. i think this is one of the conferences, climate change, where we saw much more up in the air, a 2—week conference, still far too many square bracketed text, issues needing to be resolved. there was a very contentious discussion as you may have seen around climate science on the weekend in between with just a few countries, the us, russia, saudi arabia and kuwait being outliers, while over 190 countries wanted to embrace the findings of the latest scientific report. there is definitely some very difficult days and difficult discussions, and up until the last minute, there were some real question about whether there would be a deal. so, given all of that, it was definitely an accomplishment.
i think we do need to see this as a foundation which rapidly needs to be built upon. the good news is what we also saw in katowice and we see outside the conference rooms is that there is so much action that's been moving forward, whether it's the cities, states, businesses, investors. there is a lot of movement on the ground. quite a bit that countries and governments can build upon. helen mountford, thank you very much for that sum up of the climate agreement. we will have more on that climate deal later on as we dissect it and have a look at what it means. if you wa nt have a look at what it means. if you want more details, go to our website. archaeologists in egypt have made an exciting tomb discovery — the final resting place of a high priest untouched for 4,400 years. it's located in the saqqara pyramid complex just south of cairo. experts are calling it "one of a kind". nick marsh has more. in a year of landmark discoveries,
egyptian archaeologists have one last trick up their sleeve, and it was this private tomb buried beneath the sand, untouched and unlooted for almost 11.5 millennia. we found two levels, like this. the upper level, we found 18 niches with 2a statues. in the lower level, we found 26 niches with 31 statues. excavators say the tomb belonged to a high priest who served during the 5th dynasty rein of king neferirkare. what makes it unique are the tombs excellently preserved statues of pharaohs and these near—flawless coloured hieroglyphics on the walls. the saqqara acropolis, in which the tomb was found, is also home to egypt's famous djoser, or step pyramid, and it was there in november where archaeologists found these mummified bodies dating back 6,000 years, and these perfectly preserved cats and scarab beetles. it's part of a series
of discoveries that egypt's ministerfor antiquities hopes will entice visitors once more to his country after the slump in tourism that followed the 2011 political uprising. translation: today we are announcing the last discovery of 2018. it's a new discovery, a private tomb that is exceptionally well—preserved, coloured and with sculptures inside. this is the shaft and we can see the remains... we are told that there will be more to come in the new year as excavators hope that one of these shafts in the tomb might contain the ancient priest's sarcophagus. what has been found, though, are scribbled tributes around the tomb to a different kind of mummy — the priest's mother. nick marsh, bbc news. now, the winner of strictly come dancing has been decided, so turn away if you're planning to catch up later — we'll be revealing the winner in about two minutes. here's a little look at how the evening went.
and no doubt you've also heard of golf. but what happens when you merge the two sports together? you get ‘footgolf‘. the world championships have been taking place this weekend in morocco, and a familiar name is enjoying success as the bbc‘s tim allman explains. it's already been quite a year for french sports. in moscow this summer, the country celebrated winning the football world cup. now, hopes of similar success in the footgolf equivalent. victory over the united states in the semifinals setting up a showdown with the old enemy from across the channel. but, firstly, what are the rules of foot golf? well, find yourself a suitable golf course, although the holes are usually a bit shorter. then, of course, you need a football, which you proceed
to kick around the course. the aim — to put the ball in a so—called cup, as in golf, the fewer hits, the better. back in morocco, and a tense final match between france and the uk. ultimately, superior goal difference leading to glory. we really wanted to win against the uk and that is it, we are on top of the world and we just want to make it clear. —— make the fiesta! so, the team event was won by france, but sunday will see the individual honours handed out as players sink putts or score goals — you decide. another sport to try it you want to. you can reach me on twitter.
i'm @regedahmadbbc. now, it's time for the weather with darren bett. hello there. good morning. the weather for sunday looks very different to saturday. things are improving now. we had everything really on the picture on saturday, including some freezing rain, which is rare in the uk, but also very dangerous. the worst is now over. for a short while, we've got this amber snow warning from the met office for scotland, north of the central belt. but even after the early hours, towards the end of the night, even here, the snow should tend to ease off. the main belt of cloud that brought that mixture of rain, snow and freezing rain, sweeping out into the north sea. that curl of cloud behind bringing some wet weather for a while in northern england, pushing into scotland, increasingly snow up over the hills as the storm moves away, leaving us with more of a south—westerly airflow. and these are the temperatures we're looking at at the end of the night. a little bit milder, still some icy patches for northern england and particularly in scotland, where there will be some further wintry showers around, but the winds will be lighter by this stage. we will see those showers in scotland becoming fewer,
more sunshine arriving with sunny spells for northern ireland, and the morning should be dry and sunny for most of england and wales. but we'll see this showery rain gathering across western parts of england and wales, moving through the english channel. some heavy bursts of rain in the afternoon, but it will be a better day on the whole. lighter winds, much milder air across the uk as well. really cold air is still across scandinavia and across the north—east of europe. but increasingly, we're getting south—westerly winds. so, atlantic winds, drags in milderair, unsettled, changeable weather, yes, but on monday, we're in between two weather fronts, so most places will have a dry day, with some morning mist and fog, i think, for scotland, after that earlier snow. plenty of sunshine elsewhere. we'll see the wind picking up. it will introduce a few showers into western areas, ahead of the main rain band, which isjust holding off to the north—west even by the end of the day. but it's the southerly winds, south—westerly winds, so mild, even some double—figure temperatures for belfast and the central belt of scotland.
the main driver of the weather is going to be that area of low pressure, which pushes ahead this weather front here. but it is moving very erratically eastwards, there's waves on it, that means there's pulses of heavy rain and with some snow melt, and some heavy rain likely to be some flooding. how quickly east it moves across that's open to doubt. we may see the weather improving in northern ireland. double—figure temperatures everywhere on tuesday. whilst that rain moves away overnight, we are then back into sunshine and showers through wednesday and possibly into thursday, but we've still got the winds from the south—west so for all of us, it should be a bit milder. this is bbc news. the headlines: representatives of around 200 nations at a un climate change summit in poland have reached agreement over how to implement the paris accord. talks had continued for an extra day, but some critics say the deal doesn't put enough pressure on countries to cut their emissions. there've been scuffles in paris between groups of yellow vest anti—government protesters and police.
it's the fifth consecutive weekend of nationwide protests in france over issues including the cost of living. after decades of negotiations, the historic council of 0rthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. the country's president has hailed the move as the final step in independence from russia. and a new tomb, believed to date back around 11,500 years, has been discovered in the saqqara pyramid complex in egypt.