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tv   BBC News  BBC News  December 16, 2018 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm reged ahmad. our top stories: cheering. a last minute deal at the un climate conference — critics say it doesn't go far enough — but the delegates are delighted. an ambition that will ensure that oui’ an ambition that will ensure that our children and their children look back at our legacy and recognise that their parents and grandparents took the right decisions. several thousand yellow vest protesters take to the streets again in paris — but the numbers are smaller than on previous weekends. ukraine's president proclaims the creation of an independent orthodox church — russia denounces it as a political move. and... cheering they're football and golf crazy, so they put the two sports together and came up with ‘footgolf‘. we've been watching the action at the world championships. hello and welcome.
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after two weeks of talks and two years of work, consensus was finally reached late on saturday evening, on international rules to tackle climate change. nearly 200 countries overcame political divisions, to support the implementation of the 2015 paris agreement. that aimed to limit a rise in average global temperatures to "well below" two degrees celsius — above pre—industrial levels. here's our science editor, david shukman. this is what it's all about. gases released into the air that heat the planet. and after some long, difficult arguments, the world has inched towards a deal for how to reduce them. to try to avoid the risks of dangerous levels of warming in future.
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the talks at katowice in poland saw delegates from nearly 200 countries haggling over rules for how to tackle climate change. a slow process, but eventually a deal was done. the polish official chairing the talks was incredibly relieved. it will move us one step closer to the ambition enshrined in the paris agreement, an ambition that makes sure our children and their children look back on our legacy and recognise that their parents and grandparents took the right decisions. he was urged to take a bow. but there are questions about what has actually been achieved. the big challenge is that many countries, including poland, rely on highly polluting fuels like coal. thousands ofjobs depend on them. some campaigners say a few governments drag their feet. but others are pleased to have got this far. we have seen countries come together. they have responded to the science.
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they haven't done enough but they have done what's possible here. they have lent in, they have agreed some rules and they have set themselves a job to go home and do more and work out what they're going to do — engaging with their citizens, their businesses, their investors, to say, how can we take more climate action? the hope is for a transition to cleaner forms of energy, like solar power. the deal in poland may encourage that. the world is responding to the threat of global warming but not nearly with the speed that scientists say is needed. david shukman, bbc news. our correspondent matt mcgrath is at the conference in poland — he gave us his assessment of the talks. negotiators went down to the wire, really, on getting the operational rulebook for the paris agreement agreed here amongst all the countries. there were some big last—minute hitches, arguments about carbon markets, one country in particular, brazil, picked a big
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file —— particular, brazil, picked a big file -- fight particular, brazil, picked a big file —— fight about that. komru miah slang which is found. most of the relief of many of the people in here the text was agreed. the key is transparency, all countries will be operating with one set of rules in the future, the way they report and measure their carbon should be on the same set of documents from every country. that is a key element ensuring building trust amongst the countries. everyone knows what eve ryo ne countries. everyone knows what everyone else is doing and they can see it as well. the are level —— element is that every country should increase their ambitions to cut carbon by 2020. that might not be as ha rd carbon by 2020. that might not be as hard or as tough as people wanted, and some people are critical that the deal is a bit too soft, but the practical people here, the negotiators, feel that we can to get a deal, we had two tough weeks, we have a deal, it is an important step forward for the paris climate agreement. matt mcgrath there from poland. let's get some of the day's other news. at least 20 people,
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including a dozen children, have reportedly been killed in an air strike in the eastern afghanistan province of kunar. it's the latest in a series of strikes targeting senior taliban members — the regional taliban chief is said to be among the casualties. the hollywood movie mogul harvey weinstein is facing fresh allegations of sexual assault. the latest accuser, an actress who has not been named, claims the film producer attacked and assaulted her during a meeting at his offices in 2013. the lawsuit alleges that when the woman rejected his advances, mr weinstein bragged about sleeping with jennifer lawrence and being responsible for her winning an oscar. ms lawrence issued a statement refuting the claims, mr weinstein denies all allegations of non—consensual sex. officials in brazil say a spiritual healer wanted on charges of sexual abuse against hundreds of women is on the run. police have launched a major search forjoao teixeira de faria, known as "john of god", after a judge ordered his arrest on friday. mr de faria has denied the accusations. you're watching bbc news. there have been clashes in paris between police and the ‘yellow vest‘ protestors, during a fifth weekend
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of anti—government demonstrations. in total, 66 thousand protesters were on the streets across france. that number is significantly lower than before. earlier this week, president macron announced a series of concessions, to try to defuse the crisis. lucy williamson reports from paris. the tactics were the same as always but the tension here has waned. the number of protesters in paris today less than half of that of last weekend. there are far fewer people gathering here in paris today but there are still a few confrontations between protesters and police, like here on the champs—elysees. i think the security forces will be hoping this is the last final stand of the hard—core. this was a test of whether president macron‘s concessions this week have worked. ten billion euros to help those on the lowest incomes. not enough for some.
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translation: the president is offering us peanuts. we are not monkeys he can throw nuts at. we're human beings. the violence of previous demonstrations in paris along with the government's concessions and the impact of a terrorist attack in strasbourg this week have all helped dissuade protesters. but protest sites around the country are settling in for christmas and it is notjust the troublemakers left behind. at la ciotat tollgate 45 minutes outside marseille, the demands are no longerjust economic — they are also about democracy and access to power. translation: we want a second french revolution. we are going to show all of europe that the people do have power. president macron says long—term solutions to this crisis lie at the local level and that he wants to meet mayors, region by region, to hear their concerns. translation: president macron has ignored us from the moment he came to power. and now all of a sudden he wants us to come to his rescue. can i be honest with you?
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the idea of a national consultation is absolute rubbish. everything will carry onjust like before. the clashes here seem to be losing some momentum, but the frustration that sparked them hasn't been resolved. there's a part of france that feels precarious and invisible. for the past few weeks it was visible to all. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. the work and pensions secretary, amber rudd, has appealed to mps across the political divide to "forge a consensus" over brexit, acknowledging that the prime minister's deal for leaving the european union, might not be approved by parliament. her comments follow another difficult eu summit for theresa may, in which she failed to win concessions, that might have made her withdrawal deal acceptable to mps. here's our political correspondent, chris mason. parliament stares at gridlock.
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cobbling together a majority to endorse anything looks incredibly difficult, and downing street has studiously avoided any public discussion of a plan b, what happens if, when, the prime minister's plan is rejected. but writing in the daily mail, amber rudd says that brexit is in danger of getting stuck, and while supporting theresa may's deal, advocates assembling a coalition, potentially reaching out to opposition parties, to avoid what she calls the rocks of no deal. amber rudd proposes in her article a series of commons votes to test support for a range of possible outcomes but one conservative brexiteer mp told me you had to be on a mood altering substance to believe persuading labour mps was a viable way forward. and even within theresa may's cabinet there's differing views about what plan b should or should not look like. and others are making the case for plan a still,
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albeit plan a with tweaks not yet secured. it's very tempting after a week like we've had, which has not been a good week, to try and reach for other radical solutions. i still think if you look at all of this, when the dust is settled, the only way that we're going to get through the house of commons and to give the british people the brexit that they voted for, is to have a version of the deal that the government has negotiated. one former minister who resigned last month to call for another referendum says the government should get a move on and let mps have their say. i've got absolutely no doubt that if the vote is deferred again when we come back on monday, that very serious conversations will be had by members of the cabinet and members of parliament asking, well, what is the strategy? it's simply unacceptable to run out the clock and face the country with the prospect of being timed out. the country has arrived at a moment of extraordinary jeopardy, with no—one in sole control
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of events and no—one who knows precisely what will happen next. chris mason, bbc news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: thousands take to the streets of rome to oppose racism — and the government's tough new anti—migrant law. after eight months on the run, saddam hussein has been tracked down and captured by american forces. saddam hussein is finished because he killed our people, our women, our children. the signatures took only a few minutes, but they brought a formal end to three and a half years of conflict, conflict that has claimed more than 200,000 lives. before an audience of world leaders, the presidents of bosnia, serbia and croatia put their names to the peace agreement. the romanian border
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was sealed and silent today. romania has cut itself off from the outside world in order to prevent the details of the presumed massacre in timisoara from leaking out. from sex at the white house to a trial for his political life, the lewinsky affair tonight guaranteed bill clinton his place in history as only the second president ever to be impeached. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: representatives from over 200 countries at the un climate conference in poland agree on a plan to implement the paris climate accord. but some have criticised the deal for falling short of what's needed. scuffles on the streets of paris and other french cities as yellow vest protesters take to the streets for the fifth saturday in a row.
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let's get more on our top story — that climate change deal agreed in poland. earlier, i spoke to helen mountford. she is vice president for climate and economics at the world resources institute and she's just returned on friday from the climate talks in katowice. i asked her if the deal was enough to avert the worst effects of climate change. we very much hope it's the right start going in that direction. the deal that we got in katowice is an important one, it sets the rulebook and the guidelines of how to move forward and how to operationalise the paris agreement, but it will be seen over the next 1—2 years. we have been hearing, especially from the ipcc report, of how dire things are, that we are supposed to achieve a 45% cut from 2010 levels in 11 years. doesn't that mean that, effectively, this deal is a bit of a failure? it's just not enough to get us there? i wouldn't say that.
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this deal was absolutely fundamental in starting to set some of these rules on transparency, about reporting, information provision, review and discussion and assessing what progress is being made. that is essential to build trust among the parties and make sure we are on the right track year by year as we go forward. so, it's a sort of fundamental foundation for what we need to do. beyond that, what we are looking for is how countries can step up action and enhance their ambition. there are some important discussion around that in katowice and some key text that was agreed, really looking forward to the summit which is september 2019, where countries are being asked to come back and look at how they can enhance ambition and come forward with new commitments. so, there is a good timeline
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and an approach that's been agreed. you were at the summit earlier. are you personally disappointed that more wasn't achieved? because that's been some of the criticism, and we've been hearing about a lot of conflict between countries at the summit as well. there is certainly quite a bit of conflict. i think this is one of the conferences, climate change, where we saw much more up in the air, a 2—week conference, still far too many square bracketed text, issues needing to be resolved. there was a very contentious discussion as you may have seen around climate science on the weekend in between with just a few countries, the us, russia, saudi arabia and kuwait being outliers, while over 190 countries wanted to embrace the findings of the latest scientific report. there is definitely some very difficult days and difficult discussions, and up until the last minute,
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there were some real question about whether there would be a deal. so, given all of that, it was definitely an accomplishment. i think we do need to see this as a foundation which rapidly needs to be built upon. the good news is what we also saw in katowice and we see outside the conference rooms is that there is so much action that's been moving forward, whether it's the cities, states, businesses, investors. there is actually a lot of movement on the ground. quite a bit that countries and governments can build upon. helen mountford at the world resources institute. a boat carrying suspected migrants has been picked up off the coast of dover by the border force. in the last three months, more than 100 migrants are known to have attempted crossing the english channel, the world's busiest shipping lane. several thousand people have taken to the streets of rome to protest against racism and oppose
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the government's tough new anti—migrant law. the bill, passed last month, makes it easier to expel migrants and limits residency permits. italy has become the main entry point for migrants crossing the mediterranean to europe. caroline rigby reports. singing. at times, it seemed more like a carnival than a protest. thousands marched through rome to the soundtrack of bob marley, drawing on the singer's lyrics to make their point. they called for unity and an end to racism. translation: we cannot accept indifference. we remind the government that giving dignity and rights to the invisible people means building italy's future. chanting. italy has seen a surge in racist attacks since the far right league and anti—establishment five star movement took office in april.
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since the election, interior minister matteo salvini's league party has increased in popularity. but some argue his tough stance on immigration has also fuelled a climate of anti—migra nt hostility. translation: these latest policy changes in italy generate more discrimination, distress and difficulties. while we believe we can co— exist with all those who want a better life, a better world, whatever their colour or origin. translation: we didn't come here just to walk around, but because we have rage within us, rage for socialjustice, thirst for socialjustice. that is why we are in rome — to say no to these racist policies. in recent weeks, italy passed a new law making it easier to deport migrants and strip them
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of italian citizenship. legislation the united nations refugee agency warns does not provide adequate guarantees, particularly when it comes to vulnerable people. chanting. this weekend in rome, protesters called for solidarity with refugees. some even demanded mr salvini's resignation. but in a country which has become the main gateway for migrants crossing the mediterranean, with more than 20,000 arriving this year alone, it is clear the italian people remain split over how to deal with the issue. caroline rigby, bbc news. ukraine's president has hailed the creation of an independent orthodox church as the final step in independence from russia. after decades of negotiations, the historic council of orthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. the russian orthodox church dismissed the bishops council as illegitimate and says the move means absolutely nothing. jonah fisher reports. this is a religious story,
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but with ukraine and russia, politics is never far away. for ukraine's president, petro poroshenko, this was a chance to notch up a much—needed win over the country's much larger and more powerful neighbour. to break away from the control of the russian orthodox church and, 27 years after independence, give ukraine its own internationally recognised church. for that to happen, the two branches of ukrainian orthodoxy had to unite. and with the faithful waiting outside in the cold, they did just that, electing a new leader for a new unified church. this is him — metropolitan epifaniy. accompanied, of course, by a jubilant president poroshenko. translation: what is this new church? it is a church without putin. what is this church? it is a church without kirill. what is this church? it is a church without a prayer
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for the russian authorities and russian troops. because russian authorities and russian troops are killing ukrainians. but this church is with god and with ukraine. one of the most thorny issues lying ahead will be the fates of the many parishes and monasteries that the russian orthodox church still controls in ukraine. there are plenty of people who think they should now be handed over to the new ukrainian church. russia has already made its displeasure clear and has cut its ties with the ecumenical patriarch, the head of the global orthodox church in constantinople. jonah fisher, bbc news, kiev. there's to be another change in president trump's administration. he's announced via twitter that his interior minister, ryan zinke, will be leaving his post. mr zinke has been embroiled in a number of ethics investigations. he's also faced criticisms by environmental campaigners for promoting oil drilling and coal mining.
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danjohnson has more from washington. he is a game hunter who swaggered into washington on horseback to take control of government land and forests. (chanting) shame on you! but there were protests as he sold off millions of acres fordrilling and mining, rolling back environmental protection and supporting the president's energy policy, putting fossil fuels first. (chanting) not your beaches... time and again, he visited areas devastated by wildfires, but never really accepted climate change could've been to blame. the temperatures are rising, the seasons getting longer, but we had to look at managing the forests. and he's integrity came under question. the woman holding the bible, his wife, lola, was using government cars. he was criticised for that and for chartering a plane to get him to a hockey game — taxpayers picked up the $12,000 bill. there were potential conflicts of interests in some of the deals he oversaw and concerns
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he was too close to lobbyists. ryan zinke always denied any wrongdoing, but the president's support was ebbing away. now, he becomes the latest in a long line of leading figures to leave the trump top team. there is still no permanent replacement for white house chief of staff, john kelly, who will also go at the end of this month. an interim appointment has been made so the search can recommence in the new year. there have been over 25 departures since january 2017 — that's more than double the rate of barack obama's first two years. donald trump said many people wanted the chief of staffjob, butt his first choice turned it down and so did a few others. now, there is another role to fill and there are signs that it is getting increasingly difficult to recruit the right people to a white house that has seen comings and goings in unprecedented numbers. dan johnson, bbc news. now for something very different. no doubt you've heard of football,
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and no doubt you've also heard of golf. but what happens when you merge the two sports together? you get ‘footgolf‘. the world championships have been taking place this weekend in morocco, and a familiar name is enjoying success as the bbc‘s tim allman explains. it's already been quite a year for french sport. in moscow this summer, the country celebrated winning the football world cup. now, hopes of similar success in the footgolf equivalent. victory over the united states in the semifinals setting up a showdown with the old enemy from across the channel. but, firstly, what are the rules of foot golf? well, find yourself a suitable golf course, although the holes are usually a bit shorter. then, of course, you need a football, which you proceed to kick around the course. the aim — to put the ball
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in a so—called cup, as in golf, the fewer hits, the better. back in morocco, and a tense final match between france and the uk. cheering. ultimately, superior goal difference leading to glory. we really wanted to win against uk and that is it, we are on top of the world and we just want to make the fiesta! cheering. so, the team event was won by france, but sunday will see the individual honours handed out as players sink putts or score goals — you decide. tim allman, bbc news. law coming up. —— much more coming up.
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hello there. good morning. the weather for sunday looks very different to saturday. things are improving now. we had everything really on the picture on saturday, including some freezing rain, which is rare in the uk, but also very dangerous. the worst is now over. for a short while, we've got this amber snow warning from the met office for scotland, north of the central belt. but even after the early hours, towards the end of the night, even here, the snow should tend to ease off. the main belt of cloud that brought that mixture of rain, snow and freezing rain, sweeping out into the north sea. that curl of cloud behind bringing some wet weather for a while in northern england, pushing into scotland, increasingly snow up over the hills as the storm moves away, leaving us with more of a south—westerly airflow. and these are the temperatures we're looking at at the end of the night. a little bit milder, still some icy patches for northern england and particularly in scotland, where there will be some further wintry showers around, but the winds will be lighter by this stage. we will see those showers in scotland becoming fewer, more sunshine arriving with sunny spells for northern ireland, and the morning should be
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dry and sunny for most of england and wales. but we'll see this showery rain gathering across western parts of england and wales, moving through the english channel. some heavy bursts of rain in the afternoon, but it will be a better day on the whole. lighter winds, much milder air across the uk as well. really cold air is still across scandinavia and across the north—east of europe. but increasingly, we're getting south—westerly winds. so, atlantic winds, drags in milderair, unsettled, changeable weather, yes, but on monday, we're in between two weather fronts, so most places will have a dry day, with some morning mist and fog, i think, for scotland, after that earlier snow. plenty of sunshine elsewhere. we'll see the wind picking up. it will introduce a few showers into western areas, ahead of the main rain band, which isjust holding off to the north—west even by the end of the day. but it's the southerly winds, south—westerly winds, so mild, even some double—figure temperatures for belfast and the central belt of scotland. the main driver of the weather is going to be that area of low pressure, which pushes ahead this weather front here.
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but it is moving very erratically eastwards, there's waves on it, that means there's pulses of heavy rain and with some snow melt, and some heavy rain likely to be some flooding. how quickly east it moves across that's open to doubt. we may see the weather improving in northern ireland. double—figure temperatures everywhere on tuesday. whilst that rain moves away overnight, we're then back into sunshine and showers through wednesday and possibly into thursday, but we've still got the winds from the south—west, so for all of us, it should be a bit milder. this is bbc news, the headlines: delegates at a un climate change summit in poland have reached agreement over how to implement the paris accord. talks had continued for an extra day, but some critics say the deal doesn't put enough pressure on countries to cut their emmissions. there've been scuffles in paris between groups of yellow vest anti—government protesters and police. it's the fifth consecutive weekend of nationwide protests in france over a range of issues, including the cost of living. after decades of negotiations, the historic council of
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orthodox bishops in kiev has created a new ukrainian church. the country's president has hailed the move as the final step in independence from russia. several thousand people have taken to the streets of rome to protest against racism and oppose the government's tough new anti—migrant law. the bill makes it easier to expel migrants and limits residency permits. tolls on the two main bridges crossing the river seven into south wales, will be scrapped from monday. drivers have been charged for more than 50 years.
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