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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 2, 2019 8:00pm-8:31pm GMT

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this is bbc news. i'm rachel schofield. the headlines at eight. nissan is expected to announce next week that it's cancelling plans to build its new model suv at its plant in sunderland. russia joins america in suspending its involvement in a cold war nuclear weapons treaty. thousands take to the streets across venezuela to demand that president maduro steps down. for the first time in years, venezuela's opposition feels optimistic. protesters here want to try to keep up their momentum to bring down the fall of a government they detest. the met office issues weather warnings for ice in many parts of england, as wintry conditions continue to disrupt the uk. police searching for a 21—year—old student in hull, who went missing after leaving a club, say they have "significant concerns" about her safety. and in half an hour, kenneth branagh speaks to tom brook about his new film all is true,
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in talking movies. the japanese car—maker, nissan, is expected to announce that it is cancelling planned investment at its plant in sunderland. in 2016, the firm said it would build the x—trail sports utility vehicle in sunderland, after its executives met theresa may in downing street and received what they called "support and assurances" from the government about the impact of brexit. our business correspondent rob young said it looks like nissan will make an announcement in the coming days. workers at the plant in sunderland expect the company will announce at some point over the next week that it is reversing course, it will cancel that planned investment,
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at the plant in sunderland, to build the x—trail model, this is a 4x4. it's currently only built injapan. when that announcement was made back in autumn, 2016, it was seen as a big vote of confidence in british carmaking. indeed theresa may said at the time it was fantastic news. nissan is not commenting on the reasons that lie behind this expected reversal, but there are probably many factors at play. european economies are slowing down at the moment. nissan has sold fewer cars in europe last year, and consumersjust seem to be going off big diesel vehicles, which may well mean they don't feel they need to make the x—trail in europe, but we don't know if the decision to cancel this investment in sunderland means it's going somewhere else or whether it's not coming to europe at all. what can we surmise about the possible impact of this decision? because we expect this announcement to be about cancelling planned future investment rather than stopping existing work,
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the impact on workers may well be very minimal. perhaps nonexistent. at the time of the announcement back in 2016, the company said they expected about 200 jobs to be created, within a couple of years, as a result of this investment in the x—trail assembly line. we don't know whether any of those people have been hired. we'll find out when the company does confirm the news, as we expect, later this week. but whatever the impact is on jobs, certainly local mps have expressed concern. they've said they're worried about what the decision to pull investment could mean for the future of the plant. and does it have wider implications for the car industry in the uk? the car industry warned a few days ago that they are on what they call red alert, as brexit looms larger we don't know what britain's trading relationship with the european union will be after the end of march. so all the various factors i listed before, against that backdrop is of course brexit because the car
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industry is worried that if there are tariffs, as they are called, border taxes, or checks at borders put in the way of cars being made going to europe, that may make british plants less efficient, might make britain a less attractive place to do business, and therefore they are worried that could hit investment. let's speak now to peter campbell, motor industry correspondent at the financial times. hejoins me via webcam from maidenhead. . thanks forjoining us. let's try and unpick what we think may be happening because it isn't long ago, 2016, that the government gave assurances to nissan and they committed to a future in the uk. what do you think has shifted? there's been a number of things that have happened over the last couple of years. this was seen as a huge vote of confidence in the british car industry when nissan said it would make the next generation of
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qashqai and the x—trail in sunderland. there has been a shift away from diesel, diesel sales falling sharply in britain and europe. i was told earlier today that this is one of the main drivers behind the decision. the x—trail is the biggest suv that nissan sales in europe and it was going to be mostly diesel, made in sunderland. the engines would come from renault in france and if they made those cars in petrol then it would have to ship engines from japan, and the cost of doing that, working against the decision to build it in the uk. there are other factors, car sales are down in the uk, they have fallen across europe and the performance of nissan in europe hasn't been good, car sales down 14% last year, plus there is brexit and worries about there is brexit and worries about the impact it may have on a plant that exports... percent of its
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vehicles. thinking about how brexit plays into this, because it is such a hot topic, people will be keen to lea p a hot topic, people will be keen to leap on it as an example of how the uncertainty around brexit is playing out, but you're saying it's very ha rd to narrow out, but you're saying it's very hard to narrow it down and lay the blame of this at the door of brexit? we had figures earlier this week from the car industry showing that new investment in the car industry has fallen enormously in the last two, three years, since the brexit vote, so people are putting off spending decisions as long as they can. i'm told that brexit is a factor. if it was the only factor you might have expected nissan to wait until april, when we know what trading conditions britain will have. we will know if it will have a no deal exit, if we will have the theresa may's deal. but the fact they've decided to announce this now
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suggests that something else is the driving factor. in fact, fought nissan, if they can't make these ca rs nissan, if they can't make these cars in dieseland nissan, if they can't make these cars in diesel and sell them in europe, that is a much biggerfactor for them, although that's not to ta ke for them, although that's not to take away from the fact that brexit, for sunderland and the other car pla nts for sunderland and the other car plants in britain, is a major factor. what, looking forward, do we think we may see among the industry in general? is this the beginning of something where we may see other companies, for instance ford and jaguar land rover making changes already, is this the start of a snowballing movement? every time a car manufacturer makes a new vehicle, those plants across the world and europe compete for the work. britain has historically been good at winning that work and we've seen quite a few models coming to the uk since brexit. but as car companies decide where their new models will be, they will look at
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the uk and see that it is mostly an exporter, half of the cars we make will go to europe, and they will look at whether these cars face ta riffs look at whether these cars face tariffs and delays on importing the parts that go into them from europe. those factors play into the decisions. britain historically has been a successful place to make cars but it is worth remembering that the reason many of the plants are here, nissan, toyota, honda, vauxhall, they are dependent on exports to europe for their finished they are dependent on exports to europe for theirfinished cars, and imports from europe, for many of the components going in the cars. the idea of establishing more work in the uk, if britain ends up with a ha rd the uk, if britain ends up with a hard brexit, with a no—deal brexit, a tariff, britain becomes substantially a tariff, britain becomes su bsta ntially less a tariff, britain becomes substantially less competitive to make those vehicles in the future. very interesting. sorry the line
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wasn't great.. thanks forjoining us. and we'll be finding out how this story and many more are covered in tomorrow morning's front pages at 22:30 and 23:30 this evening in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are joe twyman, director of the polling company, deltapoll, and martin lipton, chief sports reporter at the sun. the tensions between russia and the united states have escalated further, with moscow saying it will follow washington in suspending one of the key nuclear arms control treaties. president putin said russia would stop observing the cold war treaty — agreed in 1987 to hold nuclear ambitions in check— and now start developing new weapons. steve rosenberg reports. at the kremlin, vladimir putin and his ministers sent a clear message to washington over the inf treaty — you intend to pull out, do you? well, two can play at that game. translation: our response will be symmetrical. our us partners announced
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that they are suspending their participation in the inf treaty. so we are suspending it, too. and there was more. moscow, president putin said, would develop new weapons, including a land—based version of this cruise missile, and missiles more than five times the speed of sound. it's a far cry from us—russian cooperation three decades ago, when presidents reagan and gorbachev signed the inf treaty. it eliminated a whole class of short and medium—range missiles and became a cornerstone of european security. but the chill in relations is palpable. it's beginning to feel like the cold war is back. president putin said that one thing he didn't want was russia being dragged into a costly new arms race. but with both america and russia now having suspended the inf treaty, that is a huge blow
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to east—west arms control. the inf treaty is breaking apart, and america blames russia. russia has jeopardised the united states' security interests, and we can no longer be restricted by the treaty while russia shamelessly violates it. america says these russian missiles violated the inf treaty. moscow denies it, and claims washington broke the agreement. a high—stakes blame game for the two biggest nuclear powers. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. tens of thousands of people in venezuela have been taking part in protests aimed at forcing fresh elections, or the resignation of their president, nicolas maduro. he's been facing international pressure to step down following allegations of electoral fraud. well, at a counter rally, mr maduro proposed bringing forward parliamentary elections scheduled for 2020 to this year. and meanwhile a high—ranking air force general in the venezualan
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military has switched his allegiance to the opposition leader juan guaido, and called for others to do the same. james reynolds reports from the venezuelan capital, caracas. venezuela's opposition called for the biggest march in the history of south america. tens of thousands of protesters came out — a clear sign of the movement's ambition. for the first time in years, venezuela's opposition feels optimistic. and protesters here want to keep up their momentum to bring down the fall of a government they detest. translation: i'm 17 and i have only seen this government. i don't want to live under it any more. i'm tired of this. many have lived for years with shortages. this woman told me she lost her mother because the family couldn't get her the right medicine. we want a change. we are tired of death. all kinds of bad things that
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occurred in my country, since at least 15 years ago. the opposition leader, juan guaido, who has declared himself the interim president, is after further support. this morning, he won an important ally — an air force general defected to his side. translation: 9096 of the armed forces are against president maduro. they are with the people of venezuela. the transition to democracy is imminent. but the government of president nicolas maduro, this afternoon holding its own rallies, still controls this country. his most senior military commanders remain loyal, allowing him to stay in power. james reynolds, bbc news, caracas. thames valley police say they rescued an eight—week—old baby from a car that came off the road
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last night as snowy weather made driving conditions treacherous. in kent, emergency services answered hundreds of emergency calls as vehicles were stranded. the met office has issued weather warnings for ice in southern and eastern england and warned that temperatures in some parts could reach as low as —12 degrees celsius overnight. robert hall reports. it was a miserable night for so many. police and highways teams working to clear the aftermath of heavy snowfalls. this is the m3 in hampshire — scenes mirrored on the a96 south of keith. lorries just unable to cope with compacted snow and ice. in berkshire, two police officers rescued two children, one of them an eight—week—old baby, from a vehicle which had slid off the road near bracknell. fortunately, no one was hurt in the incident. we then managed to extract the two children from the rear of the vehicle and got them safely in our police vehicle to warm up. thankfully, the child was absolutely
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fine and completely unaware of what was going on around them. in areas where snowfall has been heaviest, daylight brought far better conditions. many roads here in aberdeenshire have been cleared, though minor routes over higher ground remain closed. in kent, teams have been clearing roads at walderslade, where the weight of snow brought down a series of large trees. across england's southern counties, travel on major routes has been far easier — a relief for those who can't delay their journeys. you can't get on with yourjob sometimes. you know, butjust deal with it and get on with it. but in this winter landscape, even the briefest detour can take the unwary onto untreated surfaces. today has seen a partial thaw, but things are about to change again. forecasters say that tonight, temperatures will dive to as low as —12 in scotland and in some areas of england. so roads which had been slushy but passable will become dangerous once again.
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robert hall, bbc news, in berkshire. the headlines on bbc news. nissan is expected to announce next week that it's cancelling plans to build its new model suv at its plant in sunderland. russia has suspended its participation in a key nuclear arms control agreement, after the united states announced yesterday that it would do the same. thousands take to the streets across venezuela to demand that president maduro steps down. sport and for a full round—up from the bbc sport centre, here's katherine downes. good evening. england have pulled off possibly the most impressive victory of eddie jones' time in charge of the team. they ran in four tries to beat defending six nations champions ireland 32—20. it was ireland's first home defeat in the tournament for six years. here's our reporter
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sarah mulkerrins. this was certainly a big win for england. they have come here to the aviva stadium and they have beaten the grand slam champions of last year, ireland, on home soil and they beat them well. england, in fact, have not won here since 2013, but tonight, they ended that six—year drought. they started very quickly. eddiejones' side quick off the mark. it tookjohnny may just over a minute to run over the first score. england haven't scored here in eight years. just a minute it took may tonight. however, shortly after tom curry was sent to the sin bin, a late high tackle on keith earls. a period of indiscipline for england. then, just as he was coming back on, cian healy got the hosts off the mark, bundling over, following a line out. then, just before the break, it advantage england. they went back on front.
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elliot daly, the lovely kick and chase, finding his reward when jacob stockdale fumbled his catch. 17—10 it was at the break. the second half was all about one man, and that was henry slade for england. he scored twice. his first coming from a johnny may kick. the ref was questioning the offside. there was also the hint of a forward pass earlier on in that play, but it was given. thenjohnny sexton summing up a bad day for ireland, usually so accurate with his passing. slade pouncing to score an intercept try for england. there was a consolation try for ireland, in the end. but england, by far the superior team this evening. intensity, accuracy — a big win for england. the six nations is all about momentum. that is the buzzword and it's certainly with england tonight. scotland kicked off their campaign with a 33—20 victory over italy at murrayfield. blair kinghorn scored a hat—trick, but the scots conceded three late tries.
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england's cricketers facing inevitable defeat against the west indies in the second test in antigua after collapsing again in their second innings. the windies are set to seal the three—match series with a game to spare. in the last few minutes england have been bowled out for 132 — which means west indies need just 1a runs to win the match and the series. the whole thing could be wrapped up today — day 3 of the test. an emotional evening at cardiff city, where players and fans paid tribute to emiliano sala, their new signing who never arrived in the city, after his plane disappeared on the trip from france. a minute's silence was held, and flowers laid for the argentine striker. cardiff were then inspired to one of their best performances this season, to beat bournemouth 2—0. three much—needed points for the side, who are still in the relegation zone. here are the rest of today's premier league scores.
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spurs are up to second after son heung—min's late goal helped them beat newcastle. manchester city play arsenal tomorrow. fulham remain in deep trouble after another defeat. they lost 2—0 at crystal palace. two other relegation—threatened teams, burnley and southampton, battled out a 1—1 draw. wolves consolidated their place in the top seven with a 3—1win at everton, while brighton and watford drew 0—0. in the scottish premierhsip, rangers have moved to within three points of leaders, celtic with a 4—0 win over st mirren. three of rangers' goals came from penalties — they were awarded four spot kicks in total. aberdeen moved back in to third place after coming from behind to beat hibernian 2—1. motherwell beat livingstone 3—0, while hamilton and dundee drew 1—1. and in the women's fa cup fourth round, manchester city beat watford 3—0. that's all the sport for now. police searching for a 21—year—old student in hull, who went missing
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after leaving a club, say they have "significant concerns" about her safety. more than 70 officers are continuing to look for libby squire, a student at the university of hull. she was reported missing after getting into a taxi outside the welly nightclub. jake zuckerman reports. nearly two days after she was last seen, emergency services continue to search for university of hull student 21—year—old libby squire. over 70 officers have been searching overnight, speaking to her friends, visiting pubs and clubs in the area and making enquiries with those who saw her during thursday evening. despite these efforts, we have still not located libby and we are extremely concerned for her welfare. libby got into a taxi outside the welly nightclub. it was around 11:00 on wednesday. police think she got out of the taxi a short while later
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near her home in welsely aventue in hull. libby squire was last seen on cctv at the corner of beverley road and haworth street at 11:45pm. police say a motorist pulled over to help her and they have since spoken to the man. but from here they say she could have walked in any direction. the search this morning involved police dogs, and people living nearby have also been asked to help. officers are out again today searching and we hope we find libby safe and well. i urge anyone who knows anything about her whereabouts to come forward and speak to us. people have asked what they can do to help. we continue to ask those living in the area to check gardens and outbuildings in case libby has taken shelter. if anyone was driving around the area from 11pm on thursday and 3am on friday morning and has dashcam footage, we urge them to come forward by contacting us on 101. today, police continue to carry out door—to—door enquiries
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near to where she was last seen. they are supporting libby's family, who described her as a thoughtful and caring young woman. her mother lisa said on facebook... " libby is my daughter, we need to have her back with us." but with no further sightings of libby for more than 36 hours, and following two nights of freezing conditions, concern for her safety is growing. elsewhere, search teams are trying to find a missing university student in reading. daniel williams, who's 19, was last seen in a student union bar at the university's whiteknights campus in the early hours of thursday. he was reported missing after he failed to return to his student accommodation. daniel was last seen wearing jeans, black shoes and a black hooded top. pupils should be banned from taking smartphones into classrooms, according england's schools minister. the government is due to publish new guidance shortly,
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on issues such as internet safety and social media. but some teachers say mobile phones can be "fa ntastically useful" for learning. our political correspondent, jessica parker, has more. smartphones are everywhere. but should they be in schools? well, it's the responsibility of head teachers to decide. but the ministerfor school standards, nick gibb, says it's his own view that schools should ban their pupils from bringing smartphones into school. they should not be allowed to have them on when at school. perhaps to and from school, yes, but certainly not in school time. we put them in a box and take it to the office and leave it there for the day. do you wish you could have your phone on you all day? yeah. would it be distracting? yes. what about using your phone at school? i think it is good, because it is good for the future because everything to do with our future is probably
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going to involve our phones. the government's due to publish new guidance for schools in england shortly and it's expected to say children should be taught to limit the amount of time they spend on the internet. mr gibb says while there is nothing intrinsically damaging about spending time online, excessive use can leave children tired and unable to concentrate. managing our smartphone use is a challenge facing adults as well as children. but there are those who argue that restricting access in this way isn't the answer, because young people need to be able to fully engage with this kind of technology. if you push phone use away from school and ban it, you are just pushing it underground and you are losing an opportunity to help young people learn how to use tech for good and to use their mobile as part of their working and living life. and the trade union the naht, which represents school leaders, has also expressed scepticism, saying there isn't one policy that will work for all schools. jessica parker, bbc news.
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we can speak now to sonia livingstone, professor of social pyschology at the london school of economics. she joins me via webcam from north london. welcome. is this an idea that has legs? no. i think welcome. is this an idea that has legs? no. ithink anytime welcome. is this an idea that has legs? no. i think anytime you ban children, just generate conflict and they find ways to evade. clearly there are concerns from parents and teachers and some kids about the extent to which smartphones are a distraction in class. what we can see is that many schools are finding ways, we just heard an example from the student you interviewed earlier. i think it is something that is quite vocalfor head i think it is something that is quite vocal for head teachers and teachers and what i'd hope is that children are going to be involved in whatever decision their schoolmates. this idea of when children are using
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phones in school, you mentioned there in the classroom. that would surprise people that there are schools where children are on their phones in lessons. what evidence is there that this is more than an isolated issue? much depends on what they're doing. there's a big movement to encourage the use of smartphones as part of learning. they are the portal to a huge amount of information. children can do creative and all kinds of learning activities using their phone. if a teacher is finding ways to encourage personalised learning or creative learning using a phone in class, great. if the phone is a distraction, if it's under the desk and kids aren't paying attention, of course that's a problem and many schools are implementing a policy now that says that if they see a child using it, they will lose it,
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for the day orfor the child using it, they will lose it, for the day or for the week. that's really a question of discipline. it's a bit of a different question when it comes to what happens in break time and lunchtime and so on. there's an interesting debate where i think children's voices are crucial about whether the phone is constructive or whether it gets in the way of the kind of socialising we wa nt the way of the kind of socialising we want kids to be having in break time. you said about the importance of children's voices. do you think what they may have to say will surprise us? 0h, what they may have to say will surprise us? oh, i what they may have to say will surprise us? 0h, ithink what they may have to say will surprise us? oh, i think they are quite thoughtful about this. firstly, it's just so quite thoughtful about this. firstly, it'sjust so important quite thoughtful about this. firstly, it's just so important that a school recognises that it doesn't make top—down decisions and imposes them on the kids. kids are sensitive to the ways that their schools are managed and if they think they are being banned and not listen to, that puts their backs up and they start to look at ways to evade and it
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becomes counter—productive. that's not to say that kids want to be on their phone in class, all the time, and not even in lunch breaks. they appreciate social interaction and many of them are trying to learn at school. so i think, listen to their suggestions and you are more likely to make a restriction that is effective if they have come from the children rather than being foisted upon them. how important do you think it is, what is decided now, and the boundaries they are learning in schools, how important is that for life going forward? as adults many of us would say that we don't use our phones in a way that is helpful to us. well, the use our phones in a way that is helpfulto us. well, the young use our phones in a way that is helpful to us. well, the young woman earlier who said that the world is digital in the future is absolutely right. that's not to say everything
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is going to be through the phone. but children do see their phone as a crucial resource for their lives. if we can teach them wiser ways of using it in school, if we can teach them to make good judgments about when it is constructive, when it is educational and when it is time wasting, then we'll have done a great thing. it's not that schools have a lot of time to do this. i appreciate they would like parents to ta ke appreciate they would like parents to take more responsibility in that regard also. it's a collective responsibility i think and something children are thinking about, so let's engage them in that discussion because they want to learn in school. they want to have fun with their friends school. they want to have fun with theirfriends and school. they want to have fun with their friends and it's a matter of balance. food for thought.. thanks for joining balance. food for thought.. thanks forjoining us.

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