this is bbc news. i'm rachel schofield. the headlines at 11:00: a blow to britain's car manufacturing industry as nissan looks set to cancel planned investment at its sunderland plant. tens of thousands take to the streets across venezuela to demand that president maduro steps down. the opposition has gathered here in numbers. they believe that a process of change is under way in venezuela and that it won't be too —— stopped. russia joins america in suspending its involvement in a cold war nuclear weapons treaty. parts of the uk could endure the coldest night in years tonight as the freezing temperatures continue to grip much of the country. and at 11:30, we'll be taking another in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers — joe twyman from the pollsters, deltapoll and martin lipton, chief sports reporter at the sun — stay with us for that.
good evening. the japanese carmaker, nissan, is expected to announce that it is cancelling planned investment at its plant in sunderland. in 2016, the firm said it would build the new x—trail model in sunderland after its executives met theresa may in downing street and received what they called "support and assurances" about the impact of brexit. our business correspondent rob young has more. nissan runs britain's biggest car plant. the sunderland factory was due to get even bigger. after the eu referendum in 2016, the government gave nissan confidential reassurances about brexit. that secured a promise to build a new model, the x—trail 4x4, creating about 200 jobs and securing many more. we've been showing nissan and others that we are committed to getting
the best possible deal from the future relationship that we'll be negotiating with the european union. part of that promised investment will not now happen. workers at the plant expect nissan to announce it's cancelling the plan to build the x—trail in sunderland. there is disappointment in the city. there's, you know, not a lot that's manufactured here these days, so it is a shame, yeah. it's not good news at all, not for sunderland, because it's a big employer for the region, you know, so it's bad news. nissan isn't saying anything, but there are likely to be various factors at play. some will point to brexit and the uncertainty is created. but carmakers are also dealing with a rough patch within the european economies, with car sales falling. many drivers also seem to be less keen on buying diesel cars. nissan had announced back in late 2016 that the plan would come to the uk. since then, things have clearly deteriorated. a big shift away from diesels
across europe has really kind of undermined the business case for the model. the car industry has long worried about potential border taxes or checks if there's no brexit deal. so this news has been leapt on by some. we've already had bad news coming out ofjaguar land rover and redundancies. again, brexit isjust one of several factors. in the case of nissan, it's probably the largest factor but there are others too. there's not expected to be a big impact onjobs, but the decision is a blow to uk carmaking and will concern those already worried about its immediate future. rob young, bbc news. david bailey is professor of industrial strategy at aston business school. i asked him if he was surprised that nissan seems likely to withdraw the investment. it was a surprise that they ever announced this model would be coming to the uk. back in late 2016, they said the next generation qashqai, which is a really important big model, plus the x—trail was coming.
they got these assurances from the government. we were hearing about them. we don't know what assurances were there. clearlym since thenm the situation in the uk and europe has deteriorated markedly and there is of course massive uncertainty going forwards about our future trading relationship. nissan have basically decided it's not worth it anymore. you mentioned that previous meeting, and the government assurances. there was a lot of secrecy around that at the time and people were thinking, did money change hands? is the government going to be on the phone, going, hang on, i thought we had a deal? i think there's very little they can do about it. those assurances, we don't know what was in the letter, it was kept secret at the time, but those assurances really meant very little given that over two years later, who'd have thought we'd be in a situation where less than eight weeks away from the uk being scheduled to leave the eu, we still don't know what's coming next. this really is an unprecedented situation for the car industry to be
operating under such extreme uncertainty. let's be clear, the big factor here is the massive decline in diesel sales across europe, down by nearly a fifth last year, down by about 30% in the uk. this is a big suv that uses diesel engines, they've basically decided the market is no longer there anymore. but brexit uncertainty also hasn't helped. they'll be able to source these cars from japan, especially in the context of a free trade deal between the eu and japan, rather than making them here. clearly, as we were hearing, for local mps in sunderland this is a real blow, but we have to remember these are plans that were cancelled rather than jobs that exist already being taken away. that's right, this is investment that was coming, newjobs that were going to be created, but aren't anymore. so, we don't know what the net effect on the plant is, but what it does show is that the car industry in the uk, there are very dark clouds over it. diesels, brexit uncertainty,
this is yet another indication of the pressure that it's under. just a final thought — is this going to make other car manufacturers wobble? are we likely to see more changes to people's future strategies, companies that are working in the uk? we've already seen it. over the last three years, investment in the car industry in the uk is down by over 80%. the big multinational carfirms are sitting on their hands and they're waiting to see what will happen as regards brexit. the longer that goes on, the more the damage becomes. tens of thousands of people in venezuela have taken part in protests aimed at forcing fresh elections or the resignation of their president, nicolas maduro. he's been facing international pressure to step down following allegations of electoral fraud. at a counter rally in the capital caracas, mr maduro has proposed bringing forward parliamentary elections scheduled for 2020 to this year. 0ur international correspondent 0rla guerin reports from caracas. the opposition calls and from early morning they came.
that word, freedom, was on many lips in caracas today. and we met plenty who believed venezuela's opposition leader, juan guaido, will be the one to deliver it. we are very proud of him, because he has taken us through the right route to have liberty, democracy and what we have yearned for so many years. 20 years, more or less, yearning for this moment. well, there's a sense here of celebration, the mood is very relaxed, but the intent is serious — to send a message to president nicolas maduro that time is up. the opposition has gathered here in numbers. they believe that a process of change is under way in venezuela and that it won't be stopped.
a military helicopter passed overhead, but the security forces kept their distance. speakers told the crowd this was a moment of history, a moment of hope for venezuela. beaming on stage, the man many now look to as a saviour, juan guaido. already being called venezuelan‘s 0bama, he's a powerful symbol, but an untested leader. today, he tried to court the military with what voice he had left. "welcome to every officer thatjoins the side of the constitution," he said. "we have amnesties, soldier of the nation, you have a role in the recovery of the nation of venezuela." these were the images broadcast by state tv. massive crowds that some claim were suspiciously large.
president maduro offered to bring forward parliamentary elections to this year. that might sound like a concession, but the opposition already control parliament, so he is not given much. back at thejuan guaido rally, venezuelans literally throwing their money away. it's worth little or nothing anyway. the opposition has called for protests to continue until the maduro era is consigned to history. 0rla guerin, bbc news, caracas. the tensions between russia and the united states have escalated further, with moscow saying it will follow washington in suspending one of the key nuclear arms control treaties. president putin said russia would stop observing the cold war treaty, agreed in 1987 to hold nuclear ambitions in check, and would start developing new weapons. steve rosenberg reports.
at the kremlin, vladimir putin and his ministers sent a clear message to washington over the inf treaty — "you intend to pull out, do you? "well, two can play at that game." translation: our response will be symmetrical. our us partners announced that they are suspending their participation in the inf treaty. so we are suspending it too. and there was more. moscow, president putin said, would develop new weapons, including a land—based version of this cruise missile, and missiles more than five times the speed of sound. it's a far cry from us—russian cooperation three decades ago when presidents reagan and gorbachev signed the inf treaty. it eliminated a whole class of short— and medium—range missiles and became a cornerstone of european security.
but the chill in relations is palpable. it's beginning to feel like the cold war is back. president putin said the one thing he didn't want was russia being dragged into a costly new arms race. but with both america and russia now having suspended the inf treaty, that is a huge blow to east—west arms control. the inf treaty is breaking apart, and america blames russia. russia has jeopardised the united states' security interests, and we can no longer be restricted by the treaty while russia shamelessly violates it. america says these russian missiles violated the inf treaty. moscow denies it, and claims washington broke the agreement. a high—stakes blame game for the two biggest nuclear powers. steve rosenberg, bbc news, moscow. a little closer to home now. parts of the uk could endure
the coldest night in years this evening as the freezing temperatures continue to grip much of the country. the met office has issued warnings for ice in southern and eastern england and warned that temperatures could fall as low as minus 16 degrees celsius in eastern scotland. it comes after heavy snow brought widespread disruption across southern britain, as robert hall reports. it was a miserable night for so many. police and highways teams working to clear the aftermath of heavy snowfalls. this is the m3 in hampshire. scenes mirrored on the a96 south of keith. lorries just unable to cope with compacted snow and ice. in berkshire, two police officers rescued two children — one of them an 8—week—old baby — from a vehicle which had slid off the road near bracknell. fortunately, no—one was hurt in the incident. we then managed to extract the two children from the rear of the vehicle and got them safely in our police vehicle to warm up. in areas where snowfall has been heaviest, daylight brought
far better conditions. many roads here in aberdeenshire have been cleared, though minor routes over high ground remain closed. in kent, teams have been clearing roads at walderslade, where the weight of snow brought down a series of large trees. across england's southern counties, travel on major routes have been far easier. a relief for those who can't delay theirjourneys. the roads were a little bit icy. probably about the last hour, i would say, i've been amongst the snow. you can't get on with yourjob sometimes, you know? just deal with it and get on with it. but in this winter landscape, even the briefest detour can take the unwary onto untreated surfaces. today has seen some improvement in regions worst—hit by snowfall. tonight, though, temperatures have dived again. forecasters say they'll reach at least —12 in areas of scotland and in southern england. that means roads like this, which have been slushy
but passable during the day, are once again hazardous during the hours of darkness. robert hall, bbc news at highclere in berkshire. the governor of the us state of virginia has denied being in a racist picture from his medical school yearbook and insists he will not resign from office. the virginian—pilot newspaper tweeted a picture of the page showing two people — one in blackface and the other dressed in a ku klux klan robe and hood. yesterday, ralph northam apologised for the photo. but today, he held a news conference to say he is sure he wasn't either of the people in the picture, and wasn't even at the party where it was taken. i recognise that many people find this difficult to believe. the photo appears with others i submitted on a page with my name on it. even in my own statement yesterday, i conceded that, based on the evidence presented to me at the time, the most likely explanation, that it was
indeed me in the photo. in the hours since i made my statement yesterday, i reflected with my family and classmates from the time, and affirmed my conclusion that i'm not the person in that photo. police searching for a 21—year—old student in hull who went missing after leaving a club say they have "significa nt concerns" about her safety. more than 70 officers are continuing to look for libby squire, a student at the university of hull. she was reported missing after getting into a taxi outside the welly nightclub. humberside police have asked local residents to check their gardens and outbuildings, where she may have taken shelter. earlier, they gave an update on the search. we are supporting libby squire's family, who have described to us
very caring and thoughtful young woman who always puts other people before herself. they've said that this is very out of character for libby squire. clearly that raises concern about significantly. i would once again urge anyone with any information about libby squire to come forward that information to the police as soon as they are able. that a puel there from the humberside police. —— appeal there. elsewhere, search teams are trying to find a missing university student in reading. daniel williams, who's 19, was last seen in a student union bar at the university's whiteknights campus in the early hours of thursday. he was reported missing after he failed to return to his student accommodation. daniel was last seen wearing jeans, black shoes and a black hooded top. the headlines on bbc news: a blow to britain's car manufacturing industry as nissan looks set to cancel planned investment at its sunderland plant. tens of thousands of people in venezuela have taken part in protests aimed at forcing fresh elections, or the resignation of their president, nicolas maduro.
and russia joins america in suspending its involvement in a cold war nuclear weapons treaty. sport and for a full round up, from the bbc sport centre, here's katherine downes. yes, we've had some superb performances and some surprises as well in the opening weekend of the six nations today. today, england beat grand slam champions ireland, while scotland defeated italy. 0ur sports editor dan roan reports. with these two teams dominating recent six nations, this promised to be an epic. grand slam winners and second in the world rankings, ireland were favourites, but it was england who started fastest. the game had barely begun whenjonny may scored his country's first try here for eight years. it stunned the home crowd. ireland responded, qian healy borrowing over after sustained pressure. but england were forcing their opponents into uncharacteristic
mistakes. jacob stockdale's blunder pounced on by elliot daly. the lead seven points at half—time. ireland aren't used to being bullied, this is a team who beat the mighty all blacks here in the autumn. but despite losing maro itoje to a serious injury, england's ruthlessness earned a famous win. first, may's clever kick through was gathered by henry slade, before the centre scored his second and the decisive try, seizing onjonny sexton‘s desperate pass. ireland managed a late consolation, but this was england's day, their first win here for six years and by a margin few predicted. ireland very rarely lose here and so this is a hugely significant result for england, and certainly, this team bears little resemblance to the one that finished fifth in last year's championship. in a world cup year, this is hugely encouraging for eddiejones's side. meanwhile, earlier at murrayfield, the fans were in good voice as scotland managed a winning start to their campaign against italy. blair kinghorn scoring the hosts's
first championship hat—trick in 30 years. a result scotland will look to build on next week, when they welcome a bruised ireland. dan roan, bbc news, dublin. in cricket, west indies have thrashed england by ten wickets in the second test in antigua to take an unassailable 2—0 lead in the three match series. west indies were eventually bowled out for 306 in theirfirst innings — a lead of 119. and england's batsmen once again had no answer to the windies's pace bowlers, with kemar roach and jason holder each taking four wickets as the tourists were skittled out forjust 132. the west indies quickly knocked off the 1a runs they needed to win. i'm in shock, to be brutally honest. i left the hotel this morning thinking that england will fight back it, it was going to be hard for them that they fought manfully yesterday with the ball, it was 120
odd plays and misses and things probably did not quite go their way yesterday and i thought they had earned the right again to win their luck, but with the batting, it wasn't good enough. an emotional evening at cardiff city where players and fans paid tribute to emiliano sala — their new signing who never arrived in the city after his plane disappeared on the trip from france. a minute's silence was held and flowers laid for the argentine striker. cardiff were then inspired to one of their best performances this season to beat bournemouth 2—0 — three much—needed points for the side, who are still in the relegation zone. bobby reid scored both goals, and celebrated by holding up a shirt with a photo of sala on it. and here are the rest of today's premier league scores. spurs are up to second after son heung min's late goal helped them beat newcastle. manchester city play arsenal tomorrow. fulham remain in deep trouble after losing 2—0 at crystal palace. two other relegation threatened teams — burnley and southampton battled out a 1—1 draw.
and wolves won 3—1 at everton, while brighton and watford drew 0—0. in the scottish premierhsip, rangers have moved to within three points of leaders, celtic, with a 4—0 win over st mirren. three of rangers‘s goals came from penalties — they were awarded four spot kicks in total. aberdeen moved back in to third place after coming from behind to beat hibernian 2—1. motherwell beat livingstone 3—0, while hamilton and dundee drew 1—1. and finally, tom daley‘s made the best possible start for his 2019 season. after a year away from the sport, he and his new partner matty lee won today's10—metre sychronised event at the british national diving cup. that is all the sport for now. back to you. thank you very much indeed. pupils should be banned from taking smartphones into classrooms, according to england's schools minister. the government is due to publish new guidance shortly on issues such
as internet safety and social media, but some teachers say mobile phones can be "fa ntastically useful" for learning. 0ur political correspondent jessica parker has more. smartphones are everywhere. but, should they be in schools? well, it's as the discretion of individual head teachers to decide. but the ministerfor school standards, nick gibb, says it's his own view that schools should ban their pupils from bringing smartphones into school. they certinaly should not be allowed to have them on when at school. perhaps to and from school, yes, but certainly not in school time. we basically put them in a box and take it to the office and leave it there for the day. do you wish you could have your phone on you all day? yeah. do you think that migth be a bit distracting? yes. what do you think about using your phone at school?
i think it is good, because it is good for the future because everything to do with our future is probably going to involve our phones. the government's due to publish new guidance for schools in england shortly, and it's expected to say children should be taught to limit the amount of time they spend on the internet. and mr gibb says that while there's nothing intrinsically damaging about spending time online, excessive use can leave children tired and unable to concentrate. managing our smartphone use is a challenge facing adults as well as children. but there are those who argue that restricting access in this way isn't the answer, because young people need to be able to fully engage with this kind of technology. if you push phone use away from school and ban it, you're just pushing it underground and you're losing an opportunity to help young people learn how to use tech for good and to use their mobile as part of their working and living life. and the trade union, the naht, which represents school leaders, has also expressed scepticism, saying there isn't one policy that will work for all schools. jessica parker, bbc news. norway is on a drive to cut down
on the amount of food that is left uneaten on plates in hotels and restaurants. and as our environment analyst roger harrabin reports from tromso, they're also hitting on some cunning ruses to persuade us to take less and eat less. ina in a restaurant, there is always very blown away. this hotel in tromso is trying to halve its food waste, at how? let's start with smoothie shot is. these are made from yesterday's leftover fruit, then a crafty tricks to nudge people into taking less, like skinny tweezers to. piling up the salmon all little spoons to serve the herring. and look at this, a micro music, how cute is that? another idea, instead of guest is taking a big melon slice and leaving some, the staff dice it, so you take
precisely what you want. and in case you missed the message... many people load on to their plates, so they do not have to go multiple times. we are able to make people think about how they put food on their plate on how much they bring to the table, to make sure that they eat it all. another trick is to keep food looking fresh. as a serving dish empties, guest assume the remains a stale, so why not switch the food into a smaller dish? then again, so it still looks fresh and it all gets eaten. ideas like these have cut food waste almost 10% in the year to this chain, the target is 20% by 2020 and then 50% by 2030, the same as the un target. the chef weighs the daily waste. so far, the policy is saved the hotel chain 26 tons of carbon dioxide emissions and there is a bonus. were also making
money out of it, which is a really positive side—effect of producing food waste stock right to how the guests respond to this column nanny state ? guests respond to this column nanny state? if i have tools given to me that i take less, it helps me, i don't put on as much weight when i travel. i think it is a very good thing. i think that it helps the environment but also helps myself to not gain, what we call it? weight that i don't need. there is no ban on leading our loading up your place. take as much as you want, and but you had better not leave it. —— loading up your plate here. and we'll be taking another in—depth look at the papers with our reviewersjoe twyman and martin lipton after the headlines at 11:30pm. now it's time for a look at the weather. hello, some weather changes on the way into next week. temperatures on
the way up and it is going to turn much milder, though it is unsettled. we will see rain rather than snow as the week goes on, there is pretty deep snow still across parts of the uk at the moment and is where you have the deeper snow on the ground we re have the deeper snow on the ground were likely to see the lowest temperatures overnight. could be i see in some spots we have had showers or snowmelt and with further snow showers heading in the western scotla nd snow showers heading in the western scotland going into the morning as well, but there is an indication of how widespread the quite hard frost is going to be overnight and not just in the coldest rules spots comical bid to minus double figures in town and city centres as well. for many of us, and they will start with some sunshine but quite quickly we going to see things changing courtesy these weather fronts. in the northern ireland is the day begins, cloud, maybe a bit of sleet and snow proceeding in the hills but i think it is more especially in the scotla nd i think it is more especially in the scotland will pick up a bit of snow in the low levels for a time, at this wind starts to feed its way further east and some hill snow into the far north of england, the far of
england could see some snow to low levels. cloud increasing, still some sunny spells in the north—east. further rain in the evening in northern ireland and temperatures after the really cold start, at head up after the really cold start, at head upa after the really cold start, at head up a little higher than they have been today. south—westerly wind is rationing and that will drive in more wet weather from west east across the uk sunday and into wednesday morning. most of us will have rain out of that, there will be snow to the pennines, uplands, the central belt in scotland, where some of it will hang around to the day on monday as well. not as cold to the day as monday begins, some rain may not be the very far south of england, will keep an eye on that. snow is in the northern scotland in many places brightening up on monday. temperatures continue to head up the further south—west you are, and the milder air will continue as we go through the week. with this rigid high—pressure, low
pressure waiting in the wings out in the atlantic is going to keep things u nsettled the atlantic is going to keep things unsettled through the week. there will be some sunny days, wetter days, it will also be windy as well but for most of the time, these are mild winds and you can see this temperatures for most of us getting back into double figures. of course, that will feel very different and with what we've had over the passed week or so. so milder weather is on the way, that is your latest forecast. hello. this is bbc news with rachel schofield. we'll be taking a look at tomorrow morning's papers in a moment. first, the headlines. nissan is expected to announce next week that it's cancelling plans to build its new model suv at its plant in sunderland. thousands of opposition supporters have taken to the streets across venezuela in a bid to force president nicolas maduro to stand down and agree to new elections.