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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 15, 2019 3:00am-3:30am GMT

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welcome to bbc news — broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: president trump set to declare a national emergency, to secure funding for a border wall with mexico. he faces a battle with democrats — and some republicans. a teenager, who ran away to syria to join the islamic state group, is told she could face prosecution if she tries to return home to the uk. the ayes to the right, 258. the noes to the left, 303. cheering another big parliamentary defeat for the british government over its vision for brexit. a year after one of the deadliest school shootings in us history, we report from parkland, florida, where calls for gun control are still being ignored. and making houses with missiles. the afghan village that wouldn't be standing without the soviet invasion. hello, welcome to the programme.
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the white house has announced that president trump will sign a new spending bill to avoid a further government shutdown. it's worth $1.3 billion and has been approved by the senate. but it does not include funding for the border wall between the us and mexico. but the president also announced he will declare a national emergency to fund his border wall. that has sparked outrage from
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democrats. this was nancy pelosi, the speaker of the house. we will review our options, we will be prepared to respond appropriately. i know that the republicans have some unease about it, no matter what they say, because if the president can declare an emergency on something that he has created as an emergency, an illusion that he wants to convey, just think of what a president with different values can present to the american people. you want to talk about a national emergency? let's talk about today. the one year anniversary of another manifestation of the epidemic of gun violence in america. that's a national emergency. why don't you declare that emergency, mr president? our correspondent in washington, chris buckler, has more on the president's battle for funding. donald trump's desire to build this wall has become more than just a priority, it has become a point of principle. he wants this barrier along the border with mexico, he has promised his supporters time and time again
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that he will build it, but it's getting the money for it. now, as you're aware, he did say that he wouldn't accept any funding bill that didn't include $5.7 billion for this wall. now, he's had to back down on that, but in doing so, he's come up with this new plan, where effectively, he will try to get money from other funds using his presidential powers by declaring this state of emergency at the southern border. now, the truth is that there will be some republicans inside congress who will be happy about that idea, but they will be relieved that fundamentally, they have avoided having another government shutdown, because that left hundreds of thousands of workers not knowing when they would get paid, and that was really damaging to president trump and the republicans in the polls, but you now go to the next stage of him declaring this national emergency and that is facing its
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own legal challenges. there have also been questions about what exact funds he will try to get the money from, there have been suggestions that it could come from military budgets, but also beyond military budgets, you can also look at disaster relief funds. that would be controversial in itself. it does give you the sense that while they have got over this hurdle of actually finally getting a funding deal that will avoid a shutdown, that this battle over the border wall isn't over and as much as president trump wants to say that he wants to build a physical barrier, he also faces political barriers, and the democrats want to make sure of that. let's get some of the day's other news. cuba has accused the united states of secretly moving troops to several caribbean islands, in preparation for an attempt to depose the venezuelan president, nicolas maduro. it said us military aircraft landed last week in puerto rico, the dominican republic, and other strategic locations
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in the region. a new report says that five times more babies die as a result of conflicts around the world, compared to the number of soldiers. save the children says that in the past five years, 0.5 million infants have been killed through starvation, disease, and lack of medical care arising from war. and a third man suspected of helping to poison the former russian spy, sergei skripal, and his daughter in britain last year has been identified as a senior russian military intelligence officer. the investigative website bellingcat named him as denis sergeev. a british teenager, who ran away from home to join islamic state militants in syria, has been told she could face prosecution if she tries to head back to the uk. shamima begum says she's pregnant and wants to return for the sake of her baby. she was just 15 when she left east london with two other schoolgirls. daniel sandford reports. this is the route across the desert taken by shamima begum as she fled, two weeks ago, from one of the last
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specks of territory held by the islamic state group. today, hundreds more is women were making the same journey, heading for this camp in northern syria. the same camp where yesterday, shamima begum, who's one of the bethnal green girls, reappeared after almost four years. she had travelled from london to join is with two school friends. one of those friends is now dead. she herself was married at 15 and has lost two children to malnutrition and disease. but she says going to join is was the right decision. she told the times her schoolfriend, amira abase, was also still alive
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two weeks ago. amira abase's father, who thought until today that she might be dead, now wants the british government to try to bring the girls home. he says they were young teenagers, who shouldn't be punished for their mistakes, and he would go and get her himself if he could. never stay one minute here if i can go fly there to see her. and when you see her, what would you say to her? i don't know. but the security minister said the government can't help the surviving bethnal green girls where they are. well, we just don't provide consular services in syria. you know, it's dangerous, i don't want to send british civil servants and officials out into a, you know, still active civil war, in effect, in parts of a failed state. so what are the options for shamima begum? the uk won't go and get her out of northern syria,
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but would give her assistance if she made it to an embassy or consulate, in turkey, for example. it's unlikely she'd have her nationality stripped away, although the home secretary has the power to do so. if she returns to the uk, she could face prosecution for membership of a terrorist organisation or encouraging terrorism. irrespective of a prosecution decision, she would be offered the chance to enter a deradicalisation programme. shiraz maher, who has been studying is since 2014, says even teenage girls like shamima begum were helping the murderous caliphate. just by virtue of being there, they were building a kind of critical mass on the ground. they were having these children who were believed to be, but in the east london bengali community that shamima begum comes from, some say she must still be treated fairly and as the british citizen she is. from my point of view, she was a young child
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when she was groomed by isis, and seduced by some twisted form of empowerment for muslims. but it's not as simple as, you know, a brainwashed jihadi bride. so that needs to be taken into consideration. but as the fighters of is continue to lose ground, the arguments about what to do with its supporters are going to intensify over the next few months. daniel sandford, bbc news. british mps have inflicted a damaging political defeat on theresa may's brexit plans by rejecting a motion which endorsed the government's negotiating strategy. more than a fifth of the conservative party failed to back the prime minister. this was the moment the result was announced in the house of commons. the ayes to the right, 258. the noes to the left, 303. cheering the opposition labour party said mrs may couldn't keep ploughing on without a coherent plan. the uk is due to leave the eu in just over six weeks‘s time.
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and you can keep up to date with the latest brexit developments on our website. you'll also find a simple guide to brexitjargon. that's all at bbc.com/news. let's get more now on our top story — the row over the funding for a wall on the us—mexico border. taylor griffin is editor of the political website, roughly explained. he was also a spokesman in george w bush's administration. earlier, iasked him if president trump's move to declare a national emergency would be constitutional. well, that is the important question because you have two constitutional act as here. the constitutional
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branch, which under the us constitution has the exclusive authority to determine our tax dollars are spent, an executive branch, headed by the president, which has the exclusive authority to determine what the national interests of the united states. and congress has given the president some authorities that he could conceivably used to spend this money on building a wall, spend money that was allocated for other things by declaring a national emergency. the problem is what the courts are going to have the clear out is what the legislative branch, the congress, specifically decided not to fund a wall, so can he still use those at daugherty is that he hours, that we re daugherty is that he hours, that were not explicitly for a wall that we re were not explicitly for a wall that were meant to give him some flexibility in an emergency? this will ultimately have to be sorted out by the supreme court. how would you expect the administration to argue
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that this is an emergency, given it's something he's been talkig about for a good couple of years now? yeah, well, one of the things you will see them key—in on is there has been a rise recently, in the last year or so, so yes, the numbers of families and unaccompanied minors approaching the border in large groups. so yes, over the past few years, the total number of people who are coming into the country illegally has been declining but there has been a huge influx in families and unaccompanied minors. that is probably the emergency that they will point to in the courts. and also, they'll point to drugs coming into the country and some of these powers that the president has to shift money are tied to drug interdiction so that is why you'll hear him talk a lot about drugs coming into the country through the southern border. given you're saying that this is going to get weighed down in the courts, do you think this is more of a political move, something to assuage his base and his critics, who have been quite vocal in the last weeks? i think you hit the nail on the head. i think president trump, when he insisted on this funding, and the democrats
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would not agree to it, he had walked out on a limb, and once he walked out on that limb, his supporters were like don't give up, hold fast, but at the same time, the democrats were like, we're not going to give in to you, the only way to get around that is to say, look, i'm going to sign this bill. it's not realistic to be able to get this done in the congress right now, but i'm going to get it done another way because i am still dedicated to building this wall. and whether the courts actually allow him do it or not is not as important to him, i think. it's politically important to him. that's the biggest imperative, that he make sure that he reassures his supporters that he is standing behind his signature promise, which is to build a wall. just briefly, mr griffin, this is going to be tough for republicans, isn't it, in the senate, particularly, because they're going to have to go on the record now, and say whether they agree with this? well, they've already voted to approve it.
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they won't have to go on the record quite yet, although i am certain the democrats will begin to try to introduce legislation to restrict the president from being able to do this, and that's going to be the next leg of the fight. there's going to be a fight in the courts, and then another fight in the congress, you can expect the house of representative more than likely to pass some sort of legislation that would maybe try to tie the president's hands a little bit. but there's a big concern here, they don't want to tie his hands too much because they don't want to create a precedent that a future democratic president wouldn't have some flexibility to do some things they might like to do. so it's a little bit of a tough thing, but i think that ultimately the congress will be fighting over this over the next few months, maybe even years. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: the teenager who ran away to syria to join the islamic state group wants to return to the uk. but should she be allowed? we talk to members of britain's muslim community. nine years and 15,000 deaths after going into afghanistan,
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the last soviet troops were finally coming home. the withdrawal completed in good order, but the army defeated in the task it had been sent to perform. malcolm has been murdered. that has a terrible effect on the moral of the people, i'm terrified of the repercussions in the streets. one wonders who is next. as the airlift got under way, there was no letup in the eruption itself. lava streams from a vent low in the crater flow down to the sea on the east of the island, away from the town for the time being, but it could start flowing again at any time. the russians heralded their new generation space station with a spectacular night launch. they called it mir, the russian for peace. this is bbc news.
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the latest headlines: president trump's set to declare a national emergency to secure funding for a border wall with mexico. a british teenager, who ran away to syria to join the islamic state group, has been told she could face prosecution if she tries to come home. the case of shamima begum and the other schoolgirls from east london, highlighted the issue of young muslim women becoming radicalised. 0ur correspondent sabiyah pervez, has been speaking to four women from muslim backgrounds in the english city of bradford, to gauge their views on the case. my name is rosema, and i'm a youth cafe co—ordinator in bradford. hi, my name is samar, i'm a phd student in business studies. i'm hiba maroof, i'm 20 years old and i work in media. i'm saf and i'm a boxerfrom bradford. we're in a restaurant in bradford
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with four young women from muslim backgrounds, discussing the questions arising around shamima begum's desire to return home to the uk. she was 15 at the time, she's now 19, it's four years later and she's saying, ok, i'm pregnant and i want to come back. do you think she should be allowed to come back to the uk? it's not the kid's fault, and the kid should be able to have a chance here, but obviously, she should take this responsibility for her actions. we're giving the baby a chance to take advantage of our healthcare system, we're not doing it for her. no—one cares if she's taking advantage of it or not. she says she has no remorse, when she saw severed heads in the bin, it didn't faze her. personally, i don't feel comfortable with someone who doesn't feel remorse and she still believes in the utopia that she's created. you've been groomed, it's your way of life,
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it appeals to you, but her decision to fly all the way to syria, to board that plane, to go through security, to land and get there, to have this life, is all on her. so what needs to be done then to make sure that people like shamima don't go out there? we need to talk, we need to stop this stiff upper lip society where we don't want to talk about things. we need to start talking, we need to live in a society where we can have these open and frank discussions, where we all have different opinions and we can talk about them around the table. it's clear from the discussions here of shamima begum, that more needs to be done to protect young people from being groomed by radical fundamentalists. sabbiyah pervez, bradford. it's a year since 17 people were killed by an ex—student at a high school in florida. dozens more were injured in the devastating attack in the city of parkland.
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people there gathered earlier to remember the victims and to mark the moment the gunman opened fire at the marjorie stoneman douglas high school. samira hussain reports now on those who are still living with the physical and emotional reminders of what happened. good morning, have a great day, guys. a typical morning walk to school done by thousands across the country. but this is different. these kids go to marjory stoneman douglas, a name that will forever conjure images from this day. students fleeing for safety as a gunman armed with a semiautomatic rifle opened fire. this is the first one. anthony was shot five times. using his own body as a shield, he prevented the gunman from entering the classroom. he saved up to 20 kids, but, to this day, when he tries to sleep, he is taken right back to the shooting. i never sleep.
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sometimes i sleep but i can't sleep well. i dream a lot of that day. the same things that i see there, i see in my head. this is the building where the shooting happened. it can't be torn down. it's actually been preserved as evidence for the gunman's trial, a trial that has not even started yet. and so it stands like a constant concrete reminder of what happened that day. i love you with all my heart. i am telling you right now, i love you. i know what you did today. that is the accused gunman, nikolas cruz, in a green hospital gown, being comforted by his younger brother zachary. this police video was taken just hours after the shooting. you told him you loved him more than once. 0nly because i'm his brother and, you know, the whole world is going to give him hate. why do i have to give him hate?
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are you angry at him? yes. what makes you angry? that he did what he did. he had no reason. i don't know. the shooting sparked a movement. they channelled their anger through activism, taking to the streets of washington, dc, by the thousands, demanding stricter gun control laws. for those students, this song became their anthem. # we can hug a little tighter...# i think through the actions that we have seen with our classmates, they have such a big audience and wide audience that not only were they heard, they inspired other people to get up and be heard, as well. # you, you threw my city away.# but, one year on, victims of this mass shooting are still recovering and, one year on, federal gun—control laws have not changed. # we will shine.#
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samira hussain, parkland, florida. it's exactly 30 years since the end of the soviet military invasion of afghanistan. more than a million people died, and the country was left in ruins. but when one small town came to rebuild itself, the residents used a building material with its own potentially deadly legacy, as aulyia atrafi reports. 0n the surface, qezelabad looks like any other ordinary afghan village but underneath, it is one like no other. everything in here is built using tons of missiles. nearly 30—year—old soviet rockets are used to make door stoppers, vineyards, bridges and houses.
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izatullah lived in this house for decades and still remembers when his family built their homes using missiles as ceiling beams. the rockets date back to the time of the soviet invasion of afghanistan. a decade of fighting left maybe 1 million at gunns and 15,000 soviet troops dead. when the soviets left, the people of qezelabad debt and have any money to build their homes. rockets were simply free link
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materials. 0ver rockets were simply free link materials. over 400 rockets are estimated to be in the village today. these mothers are hearing for the first time how dangerous that their homes. —— part their homes. danish de—mining group it is helping villages to remove the fatal legacy from their homes. izatullah is one who agreed to clear their houses. 0ur nerve wrecking tasker.
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unexploded missiles are sensitive to impactand unexploded missiles are sensitive to impact and pressure. unexploded missiles are sensitive to impactand pressure. —— unexploded missiles are sensitive to impact and pressure. —— task. they are taken to the border where they are taken to the border where they are strode in controlled explosions. it is over. these missiles met the end the russians had meant them to, ina big end the russians had meant them to, in a big explosion before the country at large, there are still a lot of rem na nts country at large, there are still a lot of remnants of what the deal with a constant warzone. plenty more on mine. and on twitter. i'm @ duncan golestani. bye for now. the uk recorded its highest
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valentines temperature in 21 years. the highest temperature in wales. 16.1 the highest temperature. you can see the extent of temperatures in the double figures and how far they are for the average for this time of year. yes, more of that to come and more sunshine. after another chilly start. friday on a cold and don't in scotland. in parts of england and wales a touch of frost. fogg patches possible. it is just sunshine all the way for most after that. cloud in western scotla nd after that. cloud in western scotland and into the western isles. 0utbreaks scotland and into the western isles. outbreaks of rain moving in. clouds
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indicating just how much temperatures will rebound after the chilly start. even 16 celsius. it will be quite windy. if anything a touch windy out than thursday —— windier. up to 50 miles per hour. chilly on friday into saturday full weather systems delivering lancing blows to the uk. they will maintain a southerly feed and maintain the milder air. this is what we expecting over the weekend, staying mild and breezy. dry for many but some occasional rain in the west. early rain in shipment clearing away on saturday. clouds in southern england and parts of wales. drizzle to the south—west. broken cloud for northern ireland. cloud to the
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north—west and patchy rain. temperatures are very similar. part two of the weekend, on sunday, a burst of rain the times in northern ireland. the cloud rather patchy in the rest of the uk. and it is every bit as mild on sunday as well. the latest headlines for you now from bbc news: the white house has announced that president trump will sign a new spending bill to avoid a further government shutdown, but will also declare a national emergency to fund his border wall. he now faces a battle with democrats and some republicans over his plans. a british teenager who says she has no regrets about running away to syria to join the islamic state group has been told she could face prosecution if she tries to head back to the uk. shamima begum, who's now 19, says she's pregnant and wants to return home for the sake of her baby. british mps have inflicted
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a damaging political defeat on theresa may's brexit plans, by rejecting a motion which endorsed the government's negotiating strategy. more than a fifth of the conservative party failed to back the prime minister. now on bbc news, panorama. tonight on panorama: social media influencers, the new digital superstars. this is a seismic shift in the way a generation consume their entertainment. the faces of an advertising revolution, making fortunes from platforms like instagram and youtube. the most i have been offered is £3000 for one instagram post. but is it up front? there is a tremendous amount of advertising on social media platforms that is being
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done deceptively. time to celebrate.

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