this is bbc news, i'm lukwesa burak. the headlines at seven. president trump confirms he will invoke emergency powers to pay for a border wall with mexico. we're going to be signing, today, and registering national emergency. and... it'sa and registering national emergency. and... it's a great thing to do. the head of mi6 has warned governments in europe not to become complacent to the threat from islamic terror groups. it comes after 19—year—old, shamima begum, who ran away from her home in london aged 15 to be with militants, said she wanted to come home to have her baby. thousands of pupils skip school and take to the streets, in protest against climate change. how our personal data has been manipulated for political influence, sometimes at the highest levels of power. that's the subject of a report by mps into disinformation and fake news expected out next week. award—winning author, andrea leavy,
whose works chronicled the windrush generation, has died aged 62. and on newswatch, attacked while covering a trump rally, the bbc‘s reporter there tells us what happened. join us tonight at 7.45 here good evening. donald trump has defied his critics — many in his own party — by declaring a national emergency to bypass congress to get the billions of dollars he says he needs, to build a border wall with mexico. at a news conference at the white house, he said , a barrier was needed to stop an "invasion" of drugs, gangs, human traffickers and undocumented migrants. however, democrats say the move is unconstitutional,
because the president has exaggerated problems on the border, to try to fulfill a rash campaign promise, and they'll fight him all the way to the supreme court. but what is the truth on the ground? our correspondent, danjohnson, is in san diego, on the us/mexico border. donald trump's basic plan is that by building a wall, securing the border, you can focus the drug, the goods, the people who are crossing, whether they are criminals or asylum—seekers to points like this, the official border crossings, and you can free up border agents to focus their energy here too. but there will be disappointment from people and politicians on donald trump's own side, that he's failed to get the $5 billion he wanted for the wall, and his democrat opponents are saying this is a manufactured crisis and an illegal declaration. i should warn you, there are flashing images coming up.
this dividing line this dividing line's become the defining issue of donald trump's presidency. it's split american opinion and gridlocked government like never before. the president of the united states. now there is a funding deal but it falls $4 billion short of donald trump's target. so today, he raised the stakes. we're going to confront the national security crisis on our southern border, and we're going to do it one way or the other we have to do it, they say walls don't work. walls work 100%, i'm going to be signing a national emergency. we're talking about an invasion of our country, with drugs, with human traffickers, with all types of criminals and gangs. these are the final footsteps of that human trafficking trail. whoa, whoa, whoa. after a two—and—a—half thousand mile journey,
where the fence runs out, this mother and her daughter fall into the arms of us border patrol. my little girl is hungry, she says, and i don't have any money. there are over 1,000 more who cross illegally every day. there's already a fence of one kind or another along a third of the 2,000 mile border. 18 foot, steel slatted, concrete filled barrier, with anti—climb plates on top. here, it's already being upgraded and it is making a different. and it is making a difference. this barrier takes significantly more time to penetrate, to cut through. it takes ten, 20, up to 30 minutes depending on the type of blade you're using. this border barrier can be compromised in about a minute and 20 seconds. so the chief here shares the president's ambition to extend this fence across these hills.
we have to have a barrier, or we'll never win that time distance game. the smugglers are using those people that are trying to claim asylum as a distraction to overload my resource, so they can run drugs in other areas, that is a huge threat. but the numbers are way down, aren't they? i wouldn't say it is nothing like it was, i would say it's changed. after spending time here it would be easy to question the president's rhetoric, his talk of a crisis, and the threat these people pose, how simple he makes a wall sound as a solution. but it is clear there is a complex game of cat—and—mouse being played here, and the border patrol agents say it is unsustainable. manpower, horsepower, all of it is stretched. donald trump's staked so much on defending this border and seeing this fence go further. now, it looks like this fight will go to court. danjohnson, bbc news, san diego. what's the reaction been in washington to donald trump's announcement?
0ur north america editor, jon sopel, is there. donald trump faced a choice that was pretty unpalatable, he was either going to admit defeat, there wouldn't be the funds for his wall and the democrats would have won or he could choose the nuclear option and district council lair this national emergency, he has gone for the nuclear option and we have had some reaction from nancy pelosi, the speaker of the house and the minority leader saying the president's unlawful declaration over a crisis that does not exist does great violence to our constitution constitution and make america less safe. what they are doing is setting the stage for some kind of legal challenge, that will delay any building work, it could go all the way to the supreme court, and that would be a kind of fascinating deliberation they have to make on this, because on the one hand,it to make on this, because on the one hand, it is absolutely true, thousands of people as we saw in dan johnson's report are trying to get gci’oss johnson's report are trying to get across the border illegally but if you look at the situation
statistically, the number of people trying to get across has been falling and most of the drugs coming into the country are coming across the established border crossings. so what i think the supreme court, if it gets that far, will have to weigh is this simple question. is that genuine national emergency, or is that political emergency, and we'll find out how this story, and many others, are covered in tomorrow's front pages at 10:40 and 11:30 this evening in the papers. our guests joining me tonight are the broadcasterjohn stapleton, and benedicte paviot, who's the uk correspondent for france 24, and president of the foreign press association. the head of m16 has warned that so—called islamic state still poses a significant threat, and is regrouping for more attacks , despite losing much of its territory in the middle east. in a rare public briefing, alex younger says he's deeply concerned about jihadists returning to europe, who've acquired "skills
and connections" making them potentially very dangerous. he was speaking after the east london teenager shamima begum, said she wanted to return to the uk, after running away to become a jihadi bride four years ago. our home affairs correspondent, daniel sandford has the story. inside this camp in northern syria, and the women and children who fled from the fighting in one of the last strongholds of the islamic state group. filmed earlier this month, this is where the former bethnal green schoolgirl shamima begum is staying, along with other british women who've been with is for four years 01’ more. today alex younger, the head of the secret intelligence service, m16, said, experience tells us that once someone has put themselves in that sort of position, they are likely to have acquired the skills or connections that make them potentially very dangerous. some 850 people left the uk
tojoin is, and around half have already returned. this morning the home secretary, sajid javid, said, if you have supported terrorist organisations abroad, i will not hesitate to prevent your return. if you do manage to return, you should be ready to be questioned, investigated and potentially prosecuted. we have to be clear that people who leave this country to support that regime are people who, if they do return, have to answer for their actions. what does that mean for shamima begum, who left the uk aged 15, has lost two children and is pregnant with a third? could she have her citizenship taken away? if she doesn't have another nationality, as i believe to be the case, it is morally unacceptable to refuse her entry, as well as legally unacceptable, because otherwise she would be stateless, and no person in the world can be stateless under the law. so if she can make it to the uk, she might get in, but she still seems hardened and radicalised.
did you ever see executions? no, but i saw beheaded heads. these are the heads of captives? but an expert in de—radicalisation says is supporters can be turned round. we know, in the uk, we have worked over the past ten years with fairly hard—line extremists who have announced their ideology, renounced their ideology, have remorse for their actions, and have taken part, actually, in helping others move away from extremist tendencies and violent ideologies. the kurdish red crescent says there were over a thousand new arrivals at the camp just this morning. decisions will have to be made soon about what to do with the british is supporters among them. daniel sandford, bbc news. joining me now from our bristol newsroom is steven greer, a professor of human rights
at the university of bristol. thank you for speaking to us here as bbc news, first off, what rights does sajid javid have? bbc news, first off, what rights does sajid javid have? well, the home secretary doesn't in fact have any legal power to stomach 1 returning to the uk. nor does he have the legal power to deprive her 01’ have the legal power to deprive her or anyone of their citizenship whereas in her case, this is lawfully held and where to do so would make her or or others stateless. he the impose a temporary exclusion order on her and this is subject tojudicial exclusion order on her and this is subject to judicial review, however, if this were to be the case, he would be obliged to permit her to reenter the uk under specified conditions if she so applied. so, i understand these temporary exclusion orders can last for up to two years, is that right? that is right. yes.
so let us say she does return, what sort of of restrictions could the government put on her movements once he is in britain? well, she may face prosecution, arrest, an arrest of course, 01’ prosecution, arrest, an arrest of course, or she prosecution, arrest, an arrest of course, 01’ she may prosecution, arrest, an arrest of course, or she may be placed under house arrest and other restriction, for example reporting to the police and other things and her child could be taken into care when it is born. 0k, there are also talk of conditions being placed on the possibility of her returning, tests, if you want to call them that, what are we talking about here? well, there will be, the conditions abouts, upon here return are mainly abouts, upon here return are mainly about time frame and travel arrangement, when she gets here, thatis arrangement, when she gets here, that is when the real conditions will bite. the conditions about what kind of regime she can expect to be under, and as i said that is either going to be, she is either going to
be facing prosecution or under various kinds of restriction including house arrest. we often associate the prevent programme with prevention, rather than dealing with those that are returning from these war zones. those that are returning from these war zones. zones. could prevent be applied to somebody like shamima begum yes, in principle, she could be offered deradicalisation, whether she was prosecuted or not, but, in both cases, her compliance would be volu nta ry. both cases, her compliance would be voluntary. it would be very much in her interests, obviously if she were to be offered it, to accept it, but she wouldn't be under any compulsion to do so. in terms of individuals who have returned, does this system work? in terms of their rights and the government obviously hoping to reduce the threat that they would pose? i don't think anybody outside government really knows the answer
to that question, because to the best of my knowledge no information about this has been published. we are about this has been published. we a re really about this has been published. we are really at the beginning of the curve here, of a new development in the problem ofjihadi terrorism. shamima begum is probably the first notorious case of many, that are likely to come before us, and only time will tell how this will pan out. 0k, thank you very much for joining us here the headlines on bbc news... president trump confirms he will invoke emergency powers to pay for a border wall with mexico. the head of mi6 has warned governments in europe not to become complacent to the threat from islamic terror groups. thousands of pupils skip school , and take to the streets , in protest against climate change. schoolchildren across the uk
have been taking part in a a day of protests, calling for action on climate change. 0rganisers say pupils walked out of schools in more than 60 towns and cities, to highlight what they see as a lack of action by the government. manchester, is one of the places where children took to the streets, from where frankie mccamley reports. we are angry that the government's not doing anything, but we also see it as important to fight for our futures. to all the politicians, listen to what we have to say. you failed at saving your own future, so now can you try and save ours? there's no time to rest. we have to do something to save the planet. chanting: this is what democracy looks like! different voices, one clear message. today was a day led by the children, for the children and their future. thousands campaigned in dozens of protests across the country. they say you don't have a voice!
a call for action in sheffield... what do we want? climate action! chanting in ullapool. .. marching in brighton... a real sense of urgency in cardiff and, in manchester, there was music. # born to love in everyone... before nine—year—old lilia had her say. i'm worried about climate change because of the animals. would you like it if your home was disappearing in front of your eyes? this is clearly the first time many of these pupils have ever walked out of school and, just by looking at the age of some of these, the first time they've ever been on a protest, but their message is clear. they want to protect the future of the planet and safeguard their future. the action is part of a much wider global movement, inspired by 16—year—old greta thunberg from sweden. she's been striking from school every friday, calling on her government to lower its carbon footprint. you are not mature enough to tell it like it is.
even that burden you leave to us children. her persistence later sparked protests across the world, from australia to belgium and ireland earlier this week. the government has said today's protests are a waste of lesson time and increasing teachers' workload, but the threat of school disciplinary action pales in significance to the danger these youngsters think the planet is under from climate change. frankie mccamley, bbc news, manchester. now some other stories on bbc news. police in northern bulgaria have launched an inquiry into the trade in illegal fighting dogs, following a bbc investigation. they re looking for ivilo nikolov, who offered to sell a ‘proven dog ready to take part in organised fights. he denied he was involved, when confronted. a company which monitors offenders for government's probation services has gone into administration.
the firm, working links, supervises 20,000 low and medium—risk offenders in wales and south—west england. it had come under criticism from inspectors who said it was "buckling" under the strain of commercial pressures. the chief inspector of probation said cost cutting had led to staff being over—burdened. a new study suggests the majority of knee and hip replacements, last much longer than previously thought. researchers at the university of bristol, say replacementjoints can remain effective, for up to 25 years. it's hoped the findings will help doctors and patients decide when to carry out surgery a record number of children are living in care in england — more than 75,000. but often the reasons for deciding to put a child in care aren't always clear, with family courtjudgments usually
shrouded in secrecy. but thanks to a court of appeal decision today, we can now report on one distubing case. 0ur correspondent sanchia berg has been talking to a mother about her struggle, with the courts. taking a child away from their home and family into care is the most drastic step any court can take. it changes lives forever. 0ne mother almost lost her two—year—old daughter. two—year—old daughter for good. the case was based on what the court of appeal called the slimmest of evidence. we've had to protect her identity. i was shocked. i just didn't understand. it made me question the family law system, because what had happened, didn't justify putting her up for adoption. the little girl suffered from allergies and was prescribed an epipen. on two occasions, when she seemed to be suffering an attack, her mother injected and took her to hospital. however, doctors thought she might be deliberately harming her daughter. the mother was arrested, her daughter taken into foster care. no charges were brought,
but the family court said she should be adopted, after two care plans failed. i was told my chances of winning were nil. but i thought i've got to try to do my best for my daughter. the mother appealed, and won. after fighting for years, she now has her daughter home. she's scathing about the family court. i don't feel like it protects families. it protects bad practice, because basically, they are a law unto themselves and nobody is able to challenge them, because it's all done in secrecy. the case was heard here in portsmouth, but only came to light because it went to the court of appeal. for many years now there's been talk of opening up the family courts but in some places that simply hasn't happened. so we have very little detailed information about care cases in some parts of the country. we asked southampton city council if they had any comment on this specific case, and they didn't respond to that issue. this case cost the mother £60,000, money she struggled to raise.
at a time when there are more care cases and less money, many say there must be more scrutiny of the powerful family courts. next week, mps looking into disinformation and fake news, are expected to publish their final report "into the way our personal data has been manipulated for political influence", sometimes at the highest levels of power. and it's happening right around the world. here's our media editor, amol rajan. when you report fake news, which cnn does a lot, you are the enemy of the people. in just a few years, the phrase "fake news" has entered mainstream culture. then they've got the nerve to say we're fake news. you and your colleagues have fallen into this trap of fake news.
it's a calculated and corrosive term, often deployed by those trying to discreditjournalism, but the term fake news captures an urgent issue confronting modern democracies — disinformation in the digital age. in america, authorities are investigating social media's role in russian interference in the presidential election of 2016. the nearest thing in britain is the house of commons select committee enquiry into disinformation and fake news. over the past year, it has taken evidence from regulators and tech companies and those at the centre of allegations around the targeting of voters during the brexit referendum. the enquiry is looking at four areas in particular — first, whether social media firms are neither platforms nor publishers but a new kind of company which has legal liability for harmful or illegal content. then there's the issue of electoral law. the committee wants new rules for digital campaigns, not least around the issue of shell corporations being used to hide identities. next, what was the precise role of cambridge analytica? the committee has looked at the impact of the british data firm and has said its ceo misled them. finally, there's the kremlin question — to what extent, if any, did russia weaponise information during the brexit referendum, and why is there such a gulf
between the government's warnings about security and the response of tech companies? facebook is taking disinformation more seriously and has appointed the charity full fact as its first independent fact—checkers in britain. one thing i'm aware of is it might not be facebook in ten years' time, or it might notjust be facebook. we're going to need to write rules through open, democratic, transparent processes that apply to all these companies. last year, facebook was fined the maximum half a million pounds by the information commissioner for serious breaches in data protection law. have you seen satisfactory evidence that they've learned and changed? i am hopeful that we'll see more of that change. that suggests we haven't so far. i haven't so far. i think it's yet to be seen. what do they need to do to comply with this regulatory regime which they are currently not doing?
it's not good enough to say, here's what we're doing. we need a proof point and we need... facebook can't mark their own homework. social media platforms like to think they're a benefit to democracy. across the west, that's in dispute. amol rajan, bbc news. the award winning british author andrea levy has died. she was 62 and had been receiving treatment for breast cancer. the daughter of windrush generation parents who came to britain from jamaica in the late 1940s, her books chronicled the highs and lows of the black british experience, most notably in her celebrated work, small island. lizo mzimba, looks back at her life. the empire windrush brings to britain 500 jamaicans... in 1948, andrea levy's farber
arrived on the windrush, the inspiration for her novel charting the hopes and struggles of a generation, small island, which won multiple awards and was adapted for tv and stage. when it came out, i said, just give me a basket, i'll take them door—to—door. i really thought nobody would be interested. you think your white skin makes you better than me, don't you? we both finished fighting a war for a better world. we were on the same side. if anybody wants to have a look at how the windrush generation arrived here, and how we, the sons and daughters of that generation, survived and are surviving, they have to refer to andrea's work. that's why, for my generation of black people in this country, there is always a andrea levy book on book shelves. andrea levy's work was driven by her own curiosity
about where she'd come from. it was a story which eventually took her back to britain's role in the caribbean slave trade. for everyone slave who went to america, 12 went to the caribbean. it was massive. i have seen books on british history that don't mention slavery, you know, and you just sort of... it beggars belief. the character she created was a slave who bore a child to an estate master, and later she discovered that was the story of her own great, great grandmother. andrea levy, an author whose life and work was rooted in the story across generations of two small islands, britain and jamaica. andrea levy, who has died at age 62. and a little later, we'll be running lizo's
interview with rufus norris — artistic director at the national theatre — which is adapting andrea levy‘s book which is adapting andrea levy's book small island for the stage. now here's an idea for the next meeting between the brexit secretary stephen barclay and the eu's michel barnier, because this is how russia and belarus conclude their bilaterial meetings. president putin and the belarus president alexander lukashenko put on their skates for a game of ice hockey after talks in sochi. the two men did some press—ups on the ice — before having a quick game. putin has long cultivated a tough—guy image and has previously been shown on tv handling a tiger, riding a horse and diving to the bottom of the black sea. now it's time for a look at the weather with ben rich. good evening.
it's been another spectacular spring—like day for many of us even though it is still only mid—february. north—west part of the uk had some extra cloud. here we could see some rain at times over the weekend. not all the time, for many more it will be dry, mild, if rather breezy, through tonight, some rain moves across the north of scotland. elsewhere it will be largely dry but we will see more cloud tending to feed in from the west and as a consequence of that extra cloud temperatures won't drop as far as they did last night. the vast majority staying above freezing. we get on into tomorrow, it will be a milder start but the price we pay is more in the way of cloud. certainly in the south and south wales, some of that extending into the midlands as well, cloud bringing the odd spot of drizzle in western scotland. best of the sunshine, parts of north east england, north east scotland, again highs of 14 or 15 degrees. similar temperatures on sunday, most of us dry, but there will be
a bit of rain in the west, and it stays pretty mild, as we head into the start of next week. hello this is bbc news. the headlines: president trump confirms he will invoke emergency powers to pay for a border wall with mexico. we are going to be signing today, and registering, national emergency, and registering, national emergency, and it's a great thing today. the head of mi6 has warned governments in europe not to become complacent to the threat from islamic terror groups. it comes after 19—year—old, shamima begum, who ran away from her home in london at 15 to be with militants, said she wanted to come home to have her baby. thousands of pupils skip school
and take to the streets in protest against climate change. award—winning author, andrea leavy —— whose works chronicled the windrush generation —— has died aged 62. and coming up, the machine that made history when it detected gravitational waves from black holes and neutron stars is to be upgraded to the tune of £20 million. we'll be speaking to the royal astronomical society about what this means for space discovery. president trump has set himself on a collision course with his democratic opponents by declaring a national emergency to fund the building of a wall along the border with mexico. his action is designed to by—pass congress — which has refused to approve money for the project. his critics have accused him of an unlawful power grab that would do "great violence" to the us constitution.
let's speak to our correspondent, dan johnson, who is on the us—mexico border. he has used some very powerful language in justifying this decision, what is it like on the border? the primary plan of the president is that if you sure up the border wall, complete the will cross most of the border, then you can funnel people and the goods, the drugs, the crime he is talking about to border crossing points like this and you can also, he reckons, free upper border patrol agents who at the minute chasing people across the open desert, to focus their attention here so they can intercept more of the drugs, the criminals and meet the asylum seekers because currently there are about 1,000
people who cross illegally everyday, many from central america seeking asylu m many from central america seeking asylum here and there is a huge backlog. the border patrol says it doesn't know what to do with those people, they wait for years to have their future determined. people, they wait for years to have theirfuture determined. everyone seems to agree that that situation is untenable. it may not be the crisis the emergency or disaster that the president has described it as but certainly, things do need to change and even the democrats admit that. that is why they have approved more than $1 billion of funding to improve and border protection across the border but it is way short of what president trump once. he is $4 billion short of the funding he requires to complete the world. that is why he has stepped to the level of declaring an emergency because that will free up funds from other places which he says needs to be used to finish that will. there are people on his own side is appointed that he was not able to make that deal in congress, that he is taking it to this level and raise the
sta kes so it to this level and raise the stakes so high in the democrats are com pletely stakes so high in the democrats are completely opposed to this. president trump himself admitted this will now be tied up in legal wrangling, trying to work out whether he has acted lawfully in declaring an emergency or not. he admitted in his press conference, i didn't need to do this, it was the quickest way of me getting the money i need to finish this well. emily interested from the perspective of those on the ground, working and placing that wall, today have his support what they think actually works? the people who actually patrol this border really believe in the world. i spent the day out with them in the last week and they are firmly committed to building a wall, a fence, a barrier because they believe that is the best way to stop people crossing the open desert or the hillsides, to make sure they have to come to a crossing point like this and then if the border agents are not spread out across—the—board, they agents are not spread out across—the—boa rd, they can agents are not spread out across—the—board, they can focus their energies on here and they say
they will be more effective in stopping drugs and criminals and illegal immigrants coming through the support because everyone agrees thatis the support because everyone agrees that is where the majority of the goods and criminals the president has described actually enter the united states. border patrol agents are behind this. it is easy to find people along the border who support this because of this illegal activity is taking place on their land but equally, especially here in california, there are many com pletely california, there are many completely opposed to building a will i do cross this border and they say building the world would be a waste of vast amounts of money. they think there are other ways of securing the border with technology, more effective searching here at the ports to try and intercept those goods and those people. this is a really divisive debate that has come to define donald trump as my presidency and it has certainly split american opinion and gridlock the government like never before and it looks like it will continue for some time because they will now be some time because they will now be
some sort of unprecedented legal battle while it is all worked out. that will not be built any time soon. the royal bank of scotland, which is partly owned by the government, has announced its profits have more than doubled in the past year to 1.62 billion pounds. but the chief executive has warned that the high level of uncertainty over brexit could have a bigger impact on the uk economy than the bank of england predicted and says the bank has ta ken steps to protect its customers. retail sales increased by one percent last month compared with december. the office for national statistics says clothing discounts appear to have encouraged shoppers to make purchases. the bounce back from the decline in retail sales seen at the end of last year was stronger than most analysts expected. more now on one of our main stories. tributes have been paid to the award—winning author, andrea levy, who's died of cancer at the age of 62. she was widely regarded as one of the first black british authors to achieve both critical
and commercial success. her novel small island is being adapted by the national theatre, its artistic director rufus norris has been speaking the bbc about her work. 0ne one of the aspects of her work that was unique was that she was giving a voice to a whole generation, generation that has shaped a lot of what this country is about budgeting it within the context of windrush people coming here through the armed forces or their relationship between particularly jamaica and the forces or their relationship between particularlyjamaica and the uk forces or their relationship between particularly jamaica and the uk with all the tangled competitions of that, the sense of the mother country, the long, long history of slavery which she refused to turn
her gaze away from. but infusing that with a deeply monetary. i think everybody who read her books and will read them in the future will have that sense of these characters having not just had have that sense of these characters having notjust had flesh put on them but an emotional intelligence and a complete sense of who these people were. nothing was lazy, incredible figure. she took years and years for each book and for me, that comes out on every page. i will remember andrea for the sharpness of her i and the coil at the edge of her i and the coil at the edge of her mouth. testing, really testing why you other person to tell the story, what you really think about that? now get rid of whatever your personal history is that clouds your view of the world or your of other people, of other cultures, she was
fearless, but she was fearless with great humanity and great humour. it was always that you had to be very awake when you were topping with andrea. she did not sufferfull and in the best possible way, made you aware of the sharpest of your intelligence. some breaking news here at the bbc, this regard in the girl who went to syria to support the so—called islamic state and is hoping to return to the uk to have her child, her third child. we now have a statement from her family. just to ta ke statement from her family. just to take you through this, we, the family, have taken a few days to process all that has happened in the past years and ended in the last 72
hours. the news that she is alive and well has come as a shock to the entire family. we had lost all hope of ever seeing her again, we are relieved to know that she has been able to escape from a esoteric. this itself was a huge risk because she had been caught, that would have meant imprisonment and death at the hands of isis. we, like everyone else, were utterly shocked by what we heard her say in her interview with the times. but for us, those are the words of a girl who was groomed at the age of 15. they are also mindful that she is currently ina camp also mindful that she is currently in a camp surrounded by iss sympathisers and any comments by her could lead directly to danger, given her ordeal. we are concerned that her ordeal. we are concerned that her mental—health has been affected by everything that she has seen and endured. now we are faced with a
situation of knowing that her two young children have died. children we will never continue as a family. this is the hardest of news to bear. the welfare of the unborn baby is of paramount concern to our family and we will do everything within our power to protect that baby is entirely painless in its events. as a british citizen, she has every expectation to be returned to the uk and be dealt with under the british justice system. her child who will also be british, has every right is also be british, has every right is a totally innocent to have the chance to grab in peace and security. they conclude the statement by saying, we welcome your investigation into what she did she was there under the principles of british justice and would request that the british government assist us that the british government assist us in returning her and her child to the uk as a matter of urgency. just to reiterate, the family welcome an
investigation into what she did and family statement while she was there under the principles of british justice. that is the latest coming from the family. we will get more on that in reaction to that statement here on bbc news throughout the evening. black holes and neutron stars — they're some of the great mysteries of space. now the british and us governments are spending more than £20 million upgrading the machine that first made history by detecting gravitational waves three years ago. those waves are ripples in space caused by objects moving at very high speed. well, the new plans have been announced in washington, from where our science correspondent pallab ghosh has sent this report. it is one of biggest discoveries in the history of science. the detection of the gravitational waves, caused by two black holes colliding in a distant galaxy. we have detected gravitational waves. we did it.
that was three years ago. now, the pair of four kilometre long instruments in the us that made the discoveries are to be given an upgrade. they are already the most sensitive instruments in the world. inside are lasers and mirrors that measure the tiny shifts caused by these mysterious waves from outer space. gravitational waves are ripples that are sent across the universe when the gravity at a certain point in space suddenly changes. triggered by huge events, like distant stars exploding. over the past three years the instruments have detected the collision of ten black holes. with the upgrade, scientists will be able to detect many more, maybe three each day. harder to detect are the collision of giant suns that have collapsed, called neutron stars. just one spotted so far. the new machine will be able to detect 13 each month. and astronomers should be
able to see much deeper into the universe, further back in time, even to when it all began, with the big bang. the upgrade will be carried out here, at the institute for gravitational research at glasgow university. they have the expertise to build a high precision instrument needed to measure the tiny distortions the waves create. ultra thin glass fibres are being drawn. these will be used to suspend these mirrors. they have to be kept absolutely motionless and be the stillest objects on the planet. we measure the motion of these mirrors, it is almost none at all, but the tiny motion, we measure that and we have to extract that information without losing anything, and that means improving the efficiency of the optics, avoiding any light, going where we don't want it to go and a fairly complicated set of little improvements that
all together again will roughly double the performance of the detector. the new upgrades will come online in five years' time. a development that scientists say will enable them to answer some of the universe's biggest mysteries. let's find out more. how are we going to benefit from all this investment because it is just science talk? science is a really vital part in modern society and i will start by saying that but also this is an incredibly ambitious object. but it does is, it pushes technology to the limit as well as trying to answer these bigger