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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 20, 2019 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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the headlines: the british government is revoking the citizenship of a teenager who ran away to join the extremist group, the so—called islamic state, in syria. shamima begum was 15 welcome to bbc news, when she left london. broadcasting to viewers in north america now 19, she's in a refugee camp and around the globe. in syria with a newborn baby, our top stories: and wants to return to the uk. the london teenager who ran away her family say they're very to join the islamic state extremists disappointed and hope to appeal. in syria has her citizenship thousands have taken to the streets in 60 french cities revoked by the uk. in protest at a rise thousands take to the streets in anti—semitic attacks. in 60 french cities in protest at the rise in anti—semitic attacks. hours earlier, almost 100 graves were found desecrated with swastikas at a jewish cemetery. visiting the site, president macron the catholic church in india is hit by allegations of sexual abuse called it an act of absurd stupidity and claims that top clergy and said the offenders would be punished. have failed to address them. bernie sanders the fashion world pays tribute is making a second bid to designer karl lagerfeld for the american presidency who's died at the age of 85. in next year's election. the vermont senator is the best—known name in a crowded and generally much youngerfield of democratic party hopefuls.
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shamima begum, the teenager who left britain you are up to to join the extremist group the so—called islamic state, is to lose her british citizenship. she was 15 when she left. now 19, she's in a refugee camp in syria with a newborn baby. a statement from her family in london says they are "very disappointed" at the news and will consider all legal avenues to challenge the home office decision. daniel sandford has more details. shamima begum escaped from fierce fighting this month as the islamic state group she went to join as a teenager slowly loses its last piece of territory in syria. but returning to the uk became much harder today as the government moved to take away her british nationality. a letter sent to her mother by the home office said: if apparently you show little remorse, if you join a death cult
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that has killed british citizens, beheaded british citizens, maimed thousands of our people, there is no return from this. she caused outrage yesterday by equating the children killed in the manchester bomb two years ago with people being bombed by coalition forces in is—held areas of syria. like the women and children in baghuz that are being killed right now, unjustly by the bombings. it's a two—way thing. at the weekend, shamima begum gave birth to a baby boy, who she was carrying under her clothes when the bbc interviewed her, but that doesn't seem to have affected the home office's decision. it seems to be a bit of a knee—jerk reaction. the family are very, very surprised at that. essentially, she has never been to bangladesh. there was a lot in the social media saying that she was born there, never been there. she's only been in britain. so, it seems to be a bizarre decision, and i'm not entirely sure
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how that will stand up legally. in order to deprive someone of their british citizenship, the home secretary needs to be satisfied that to do so is: and that they've conducted themselves in a manner that is: he must also be sure that they're: it now transpires that the mother of ms begum appears to be a bangladesh national. by bangladesh law, that would mean that ms begum is a bangladesh national. that means that she doesn't have only british nationality. therefore, if her british nationality is removed, she is not stateless. tonight, the home office said it wouldn't comment on individual cases, but that any decisions to deprive individuals of their citizenship are based on all available evidence and are not taken lightly. daniel sandford, bbc news, at the home office. our middle east correspondent quentin sommerville has interviewed shamima begum.
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he's in northern syria. when i spoke to shamima begum yesterday, she was still intent on returning to the united kingdom. she managed to make it all the way here to syria without a british passport. she used her sister's passport to get from britain, travel to turkey, and then crossed into syria, joining the islamic state group. when i asked her if she had a second passport, a bangladeshi passport, she avoided that question. she said she'd never been to bangladesh. of course, britain has stripped other british is supporters here in syria of their citizenship, but only dual nationals. while shamima begum has been here she has had a baby boy, he is three days old and his name is jarrah. his citizenship is probably ok because he received his, he was born a few days before his mother lost hers. but this whole issue of what to do with these is women and other is supporters isn't
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going to go away. we know that in the last week alone, 12 british women have arrived at displacement camps here in northern syria. thousands have taken to the streets of paris and other french cities in protest at a rise in anti—semitic attacks. on tuesday, at least 80 gravestones were daubed with swastikas at a jewish cemetery in eastern france. president macron called it an act of absurd stupidity. jon ironmonger reports. france has a clear problem with anti—semitism, but the desecration of this jewish cemetery in quatzenheim, near strasbourg, marks another low. some 96 gravestones daubed with swastikas, scrawled on one of them the name of the far—right group, black alsatian wolves. visiting the site on tuesday, the french president, emmanuel macron, told jewish leaders that he would pass new laws to punish anti—semitism. translation: the reason i am here is, first of all, to show the solidarity of the entire nation, our shame at seeing this, our determination to be together in these moments,
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and to pledge here my full determination to fight anti—semitism. the vandalism was discovered just hours before rallies across france in protest at the recent wave of anti—semitic attacks. thousands gathered in the place de la republique in paris, their message — it's enough. translation: it's something that strikes fear, that brings back bad memories. we want to show younger generations that there's another path to take than this one. translation: i don't exactly know why they are angry at the jews. in 1944 to 1945, they were angry at the jews and it continues today. it's enough, that's what is written here, it's enough. politicians from many different parties joined the demonstrations, although the leader of the front national, marine le pen, said she was not planning to attend. france has the largest
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jewish population in europe, but the latest figures suggest anti—semitic attacks increased by 74% in 2018. last week, protesters shouted abuse at french philosopher, alain finkielkraut, calling him "a dirty zionist" and telling them to go back to tel aviv. many claim the rise of the gilet jaunes has helped to galvanise a minority of anti—semitic extremists — a link the wider movement is keen to avoid. jon ironmonger, bbc news. let's get some of the day's other news. white house officials are pushing a plan to build nuclear reactors across saudi arabia, ignoring warnings about destabilising the middle east by encouraging the spread of nuclear weapons. that at least is the claim by whistleblowers in a report from the house of representatives oversight committee. the plan is described by one senior official as a money—making scheme for those involved. pakistan's government has said it will retaliate if delhi responds to the latest militant attack
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in indian—administered kashmir. the islamist groupjaysh mohammed says it carried out the attack, but the indian government believes pakistani intelligence was involved. prime minister imran khan says india should provide evidence for its allegations. in the swiss alps, nearly 250 emergency workers have searched into the night for skiers feared trapped under more than two metres of snow. four people are confirmed injured in the avalanche at crans montana. bernie sanders is making a second bid for the american presidency in next year's election. the vermont senator is the best—known name in a crowded and generally much younger field of democratic party hopefuls. his campaign team say they raised a million dollars within four hours of his announcement. he told supporters it's time to complete the "political revolution" they started. we are running against a president who is a pathological liar, a fraud, a racist, a sexist, a xenophobe, and someone
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who is undermining american democracy as he leads us in an authoritarian direction. i am running for president because now, more than ever, we need leadership that brings us together, not divides us up. brazil's government is to deliver aid to its border with venezuela within days at the request ofjuan guaido, the venezuelan opposition leader who's declared himself president. other aid shipments are waiting there, but have been refused entry by the venezuelan military, still under the command of president nicolas maduro. katy watson has this from caracas. momentum is building ahead of the big day. february 23rd — it's the day thatjuan guaido, who declared himself interim president last month, has set as the day for aid to come into the country. on the border,
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in the city of cucuta, they have been getting this stage ready to hold a concert. it is being backed by the british entrepreneur richard branson and they are bringing artists in from all over the world to play in venezuela. meanwhile, nicolas maduro is holding his own concert, called hands off venezuela, on the venezuelan side of the border. now, although a lot of the focus has been on the border with colombia, venezuela also shares a border with brazil. the government there has said they will be delivering food to big cities, and from there, trucks driven by venezuelans will take that aid across the border into venezuela. now, maduro has called this campaign "a us—orchestrated show." the military has maintained its loyalty towards mr maduro, and said they will be watching for unauthorised movement across the border this weekend. meanwhile, here in caracas, opposition politicians once again on tuesday
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called for the military to allow that aid in. so, both sides are really keeping up the pressure. we have no idea how saturday is going to pan out. will they let in trucks or will they prevent them from coming over the border? there is concern that there could be violence. stay with us on bbc news. still to come: a hollywood star in rehab. we visit thailand's film location, maya bay, as it recovers from over—tourism. nine years and 15,000 deaths after going into afghanistan, the last soviet troops were finally coming home. the withdrawal completed in good order, but the army defeated in the task it had been sent to perform. malcolm has been murdered. that has a terrible effect on the morale of the people, i'm terrified of the repercussions in the streets. one wonders who is next.
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as the airlift got under way, there was no let—up in the eruption itself. lava streams from a vent low in the crater flow down to the sea on the east of the island, away from the town for the time being, but it could start flowing again at any time. the russians heralded their new generation space station with a spectacular night launch. they've called it mir, russian for peace. welcome back. good to have you with us. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: the british government's revoking the citizenship of a teenager who ran away to join the islamic state group in syria. in france, thousands of people have taken to the streets protesting a recent rise in anti—semitic attacks. the catholic church has been hit
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by allegations of sexual abuse in india after a nun in the country accused a bishop of raping her multiple times. he's been arrested and released on bail and denies the claims. there have been concerns raised about the vatican's overall handling of numerous sex abuse allegations and pope francis is due to host a conference this week focusing on how the church tackles the issue. the bbc‘s yogita limaye reports from the southern indian state of kerala. a religious minority in india — close—knit, devout. it's a community that's now facing troubling questions about abuse and silence. in september last year, five nuns in the southern state of kerala started an unprecedented protest. they were demanding justice for a fellow nun who had accused a bishop of raping her 13 times. under indian laws, the complainant can't be identified,
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and so these nuns have been speaking on her behalf. they say she sent letters to top church officials, but not one replied. translation: it's the church authorities that have brought us out onto the streets. if they had given us one word of reassurance, we would never have come out in public. even now, they've closed their eyes. and it's notjust top indian priests they reached out to. this letter was given to the vatican's ambassador in the country more than a year ago. another one was sent months later. the nuns say both went unanswered. the ambassador is also yet to respond to the bbc on what was done once the vatican became aware of the case. the accused is this man, bishop franco mulakkal. he was arrested and released on bail. when he returned to his church, he was given a grand welcome. he declined to be interviewed, but sent this statement to the bbc. "the matter is coming up shortly in court, let the court decide
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the truth of the matter." this comes at a time when the catholic church is battling allegations of abuse in many other parts of the world, too. so much so that the vatican has called for a conference on the issue. but here in india, which millions of catholics call home, the church is yet to acknowledge or address the problem. that's despite a number of cases being reported from different parts of india. i remember very clearly how it started... i met one woman who only recently came out with her story. she says she was repeatedly abused by a member of a catholic institution as a child. at the age of five, when i had just started school, i was taken to this religious place for extra lessons, and that is when the abuse started. it went on for seven years. it was definitely more
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than once at least a week. it has affected me in, like, so many ways. and you know, um... the institution in question has started an inquiry. but she says her attempts to reach out to higher authorities ahead of the conference have gone unanswered. a global spotlight is on the catholic church and how it deals with sexual abuse. here in india, it's yet to start the conversation. yogita limaye, bbc news, in kerala. theresa may will return to brussels later today, hoping to secure concessions on her brexit deal. she'll meet the european commission president, jean—claude juncker, who suggested yesterday that a breakthrough was unlikely. the british prime minister is seeking changes to the "backstop" — the mechanism aimed at preventing the return of border checks between northern ireland and the republic. president trump has said
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he is looking forward to a good meeting with north korea's leader kim jung—un — their second summit will be in vietnam at the end of february. mr trump said he wants pyongyang to denuclearise eventually, but that he is in no particular hurry. the first summit was in singapore lastjune — it was the first time serving leaders of the two countries had met. our correspondent laura bicker is in the south korean capital. well, kim jong—un‘s butler is said to be in hanoi right now, looking at places for the north korean leader to both stay and have a look at to visit when he's at the summit next week. perhaps more substantially, the us envoy to north korea, stephen biegun, and his counterpart kim jock kim hyok—chol are also on the way to hanoi to hold discussions. it is understood that the two will be agreeing some kind of framework, some kind of deal, that donald trump and kim jong—un can discuss during their summit next week. after the summit in singapore, their first meeting lastjune, there was a lot of criticism
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that the agreement reached on denuclearisation neutralisation was very vague. and it has led to a kind of seven—month stalemate, but this time certainly, from speaking to those who have knowledge of these discussions, it does seem that substantial negotiations are under way. it will be a tough task at this time for the two sides to agree something on that. it may well be that they're looking at a framework, a timeline for that kind of site to be totally dismantled and for inspectors to get in to verify that. north korea does want sanctions lifted, however, they will have to offer something substantial, as far as i understand it. and that could include the dismantlement of its nuclear processing plant before those sanctions will be lifted, and that is certainly something that the two sides will be looking to agree upon when donald trump and kim jong—un meet next week. thailand is one of the world's most popular tourist destinations. but there's a price to that success
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— much of the coastline has been damaged. maya bay, the setting for the leonardo di caprio movie the beach, has been closed indefinitely since nearly all the coral there died. our south east asia correspondent jonathan head has had access, just to see how it's recovering. from the air, its beauty is breathtaking. sheer limestone towers soaring out of an impossibly turquoise sea. a landscape so dazzling, it starred in a hollywood movie. but the movie brought fame and popularity, so that the famous beach began to be crushed under the weight of visitors, numbering thousands each day. before we crossed the maya bay, sometimes there were more than 200 boats inside the bay, this small bay that you see. it didn't look like a bay, it looked like a floating market or something like that. this turf, the sand area,
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some of them were anchoring in the coral. so all of them made the coral in maya bay in a very serious condition. so what's it like now, eight months after they closed it? i took a boat ride to the islands to find out. tourists can still come to the mouth of maya bay, but their only view of the beach is a distant one. this group is from israel. dumai and the fact that you cannot go and see the fact that you cannot go and see the beach? i think it is better -- do you mind.
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we followed a team from the national parks department who had come to see how well the marine life is recovering. so we are about to go into the water here at maya bay. this is one of the divers who is checking on the health of the coral that they've replanted in here ever since they shut it down. mostly we saw only dead and broken coral. this is the damage done by years of uncontrolled tourism. the new coral is embedded back in the bay floor. it will need many years to mature. but already, there are visible improvements. we have 60 sharks, a nursery, and at least three mother sharks have given birth in the bay. the sudden closure at this region's most famous tourist attraction has not been popular with local entrepreneurs. they agreed that there were too many visitors, but not with the response.
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translation: at the beginning, we were affected by some cancellations, and it doesn't help our image that we haven't got a consistent policy. there is no clear timeframe for reopening it all when it has enough coral. the initial closure was forfour months. now, it's indefinite. there is a plan for the boats to dock on the other side of the island for tourists to walk to the beach. in truth, no one really knows how to balance the preservation of this fragile landscape with the desire of millions to see it. jonathan head, bbc news, maya bay, southern thailand. the fashion world is mourning a major loss. the designer karl lagerfeld has died in paris, after a short illness. the creative director for chanel and fendi was known for iconic designs, a sharp wit and his own very personal style. he was coy about his age —
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his website says his year of birth was 1938 — most put him about five years older. our paris correspondent, lucy wiliamson, looks back at his life. in a world that worships brands, karl lagerfeld enjoyed the status ofa god. a workaholic with a sharp tongue and a brilliant eye for what would sell, he rescued the iconic fashion house chanel from its conservative tweed image, as well as turning out lines for fendi and his own label. his trademark dark glasses and white ponytail, in contrast to his lavish fashion shows and elaborate sets, including one year a full—scale beach reconstructed inside a paris gallery. ijust do what my inner voices tell me. i'm thejoan of arc of design.
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karl otto lagerfeld was born in germany, but moved to paris where he studied fashion alongside fellow student yves st laurent. for decades, they remained rivals in work, but where st laurent reinvented the classics, lagerfeld focused on modern, teaming up with high street fashion chain h&m in a bid to make his designs more accessible. and well before yellow vests became a protest symbol, lagerfeld was photographed wearing one for a road safety campaign. "it's yellow, it's ugly, it doesn't go with anything", the poster read, "but it could save your life". there were fears for karl lagerfeld's health earlier this year when he missed a show in paris. the last of a great generation of designers, his death marks the end of an era, notjust here at the labels where he worked, but across the fashion world. at london fashion week today, the tributes came pouring in. you know, he'd say, this is how it's going to be or this is how it should be, and he always did things with such style.
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and, well, hejust had a wonderful aura about him. the man remembered as an icon and a genius left behind his own kind of tribute. "i'm like a caricature of myself", he was once reported as saying, "and i like that". there is more on karl lagerfeld on the bbc website at any time. before we go we wanted to show you some pictures of a supermoon injapan. these images were taken in the ogasawara islands, south of tokyo. the moon, which is at its closest point to earth, has been dubbed the ‘snow moon‘ because snowfall is often at it's heaviest this time of year. and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter — i'm @bbcmikeembley.
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hello again. our weather has been pretty mild over recent days but we're about to turn the heat up even further. yes, we'll be dragging up some air coming off the north—west of africa, pushing past spain, in towards the uk as we get towards the end of the week and into the weekend. that will boost temperatures and we could see highs, given a bit of sunshine, getting as high as 18. that is just about possible. it depends on how much sunshine we'll see and the next few days look cloudy even though we will be mild. this is the cloud we've got at the moment. the weather system is pushing north and east, bringing wet weather with it. over the next few hours, we have some rain around across scotland and northern england, a few spots into the midlands but it's largely but it is largely dry in the south. some showers following to northern ireland.
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you'll notice a mild start to wednesday. temperatures in the range of 7—11. wednesday, a cloudy start for most with outbreaks of rain particularly across north—western areas. the rain could be quite heavy at times for wales, north—west england, western scotland, but there will be some sunshine coming out in the afternoon. the best chance of that is in east anglia, south—east england and also for the north—east of scotland, slowly brightening up for northern ireland. a mild day. temperatures between 11 and 14. through wednesday evening and overnight, most of the rain will ease for a time but there could be more spits and spots of light rain and drizzle a round western coasts and hills. another mostly mild night but with clearer skies towards the south—east and the countryside gets cooler here. for thursday, a greater prospect of seeing a little bit more in the way of sunshine breaking through. the best chance of that is the east of high ground, the midlands and eastern wales, not doing too badly. east of the pennines and eastern areas of scotland, whereas in the west,
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a bit more cloud. it's notjust here in the uk that has the mild weather. temperatures on thursday up to 17 in paris and madrid and across the south of spain as we head the weekend, we could see the temperatures hit around 25 degrees celsius. looking at the charts towards the end of the week, pressure builds a bit further across england and that will punch a few more holes in the cloud. perhaps a bit of mist and fog for some to start but for most of us, there should be more in the way of sunshine to go around. the sunshine will boost the temperatures 14—15 degrees at least. you could see highs going a bit higher that that, given some decent cloud breaks. the fine, dry, mild spell of weather is set to continue through the weekend and for many of us it looks dry into next week as well. that's your latest weather, bye—bye.
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