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tv   Newsday  BBC News  February 27, 2019 12:00am-12:31am GMT

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i'm kasia madera with bbc news. our top story: a second summit is about to get underway in hanoi between the leaders of north korea and the united states. i'm sharanjit leyl in hanoi, where the scene is set for the second round of historic talks between the leaders of the us and north korea. president trump and kim jong—un meet for dinner donald trump and kim jong—un on wednesday evening — have both arrived here but the main business of the summit in the vietnamese capital. they will meet for dinner this will take place on thursday. mr trump is expected to point evening ahead of the full to vietnam's economic success summit on thursday. as a model which north korea could follow. reports from the us suggest president trump's former fixer — but the big question remains — michael cohen — may use a hearing will trump—meets—kim take two on capitol hill to publicly produce any more tangible results than the leaders‘ first accuse him of ‘criminal meeting in singapore? conduct‘ while in office. and this story is i'm kasia madera in london. trending on bbc.com. also in the programme: rescue workers in germany were called out to deal with a sewer a storm gathering around donald rat, which got itself stuck halfway out of a manhole. trump's former fixer. reports apparently the rodent had put on weight over the winter. suggest that michael cohen may use a it was successfully released. that's all. stay with bbc news. hearing on capitol hill to accuse
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the president of criminal conduct while in office. anger in pakistan over indian air strikes on an alleged militant training camp. they are the first raid to have crossed the line of control between the two states in nearly 50 years. good morning. it is midnight in london, 8:00am in singapore and 7:00am here in hanoi, where later this evening president donald trump and the north korean leader, kim jong—un, will meet again face—to—face. the meeting is another attempt to secure the actual denuclearisation of north korea, and the us is hoping that the setting of vietnam, a communist state with a successful market economy, will help persuade the north koreans to exchange nuclear weapons for business development. 0ur correspondent laura bicker reports.
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after a marathon three—day train trip through china, the north korean leader looks ready to enjoy the limelight. some of his staff even struggled to keep up. kimjong—un may run an impoverished country, but he is determined to put on a show of strength on the streets of hanoi. donald trump also has a lot to prove in vietnam. very little of substance was agreed at their last meeting. north korea remains a global threat. this time, he'll hope to have an offer mr kim won't refuse. vietnam is seen as a model north korea could use to reform. it remains a communist state, the party retains absolute control, yet it opened up its economy to become one of the fastest—growing in asia. duong thi thanh took the chance to establish her own textile
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business using traditional vietnamese methods. she employs dozens of staff and, after 2a years, her firm is now global. here is the fancy market! most north korean households have been making money on the black market for years. here in seoul, in south korea, one defector told me it is tolerated but still illegal. it is the only way some families earn money forfood, and she is not sure kim jong—un is serious about economic reform.
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these hanoi schoolchildren are singing about their hopes for the summit. they come from a country which has made peace with the us and gained prosperity. could north korea's next generation learn a similar lesson? laura bicker, bbc news, hanoi. joining me now is andray abrahamian from the asia pacific research centre at stanford university. he is here with me in hanoi. what a contrast to singapore last year, where it was hot and sultry. here we are in rather cool and rainy hanoi, and of course the traffic is building up, it is a city renowned for that. but tell us, what are the differences this year, to this second summit? fundamentally, if the summit in singapore lastjune was about setting the scene and creating about setting the scene and creating a relationship, this summit is going
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to have to be about details. websites are going to have to concede something real and significant in order to start a process , significant in order to start a process, and a process that hopefully leads towards denuclearisation, a peace treaty, these are the sort of big—ticket items that we are not ready forjust yet, but could come in the future. now, you have spent considerable amounts of time in pyongyang, you have been there some 30 times, in fa ct, have been there some 30 times, in fact, so you know the city and the country reasonably well, or at least as well as anyone from the west hand. so tell us a little bit about how crippling these sanctions have been that are currently in place on north korea. well, you hear from people in pyongyang that there is a bit of belt tightening, people spending less money, being more conservative. access to medicine has been more difficult, and that is in pyongyang. most foreigners who interact with north korea is really focused on pyongyang, and that is not representative of the rest of the country, which is considerably poorer, life is considerably more difficult. 0ne imagines those kinds of things are really hurting
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ordinary people outside of the capital city. but it is also hurting the state as well, particularly the ban on seafood and some of their other major export items. that will be hurting state coffers as well. and what is also interesting is you have had time with a lot of the us policy people who are looking closely at north korea, chief amongst them the point man for this particular issue. so tell us a little bit about what he has had to tell you about what the us is trying to achieve here. yes, the special representative came through stanford at the asia pacific research centre, he delivered a significant speech early in february on his way to pyongyang to negotiate, and i think we can see from that speech and other meetings that he that he has a long—term vision but he is also very pragmatic, understands that not only trump needs a win right now but president kim needs to take home a win. so step by step,
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process—oriented, i think we can say the us team is looking at creating that kind of environment, and the north koreans are responding fairly well to it, by all accounts. all right, and you will be with us over the next few hours taking a look at what the two leaders would be likely to speak about. of course, i will be here in hanoi with a lot more. and of course, we will be back in hanoi for more analysis on that historic second meeting between donald trump and kim jong—un. to continue talking about donald trump, his former lawyer, michael cohen, has begun giving testimony to congress about his dealings with the us president. mr cohen has already been sentenced to three years in prison after being convicted of tax evasion and campaign finance violations. peter bowes is monitoring all of this from los angeles.
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and mr trump's former fixer, and mr trump's formerfixer, his testimony could be explosive, but of course it is being given behind closed doors. yes, at least they won has been behind closed doors. they two, on wednesday, will be in public, this is the house oversight committee, and this is being certainly hyped by the media here as a potentially explosive event as it isn't known at this stage what he is going to say, but there are some reports that he could allege criminal activity by the president while he has been in office. we understand that it will focus on financial issues, and possibly issues relating to the 2016 election campaign, the presidential election campaign, the presidential election campaign, and payments that were made by mrtrump campaign, and payments that were made by mr trump to two women who claim that they had an affair with him. this is in the months before the presidential election campaign voting in november of 2016, so potentially explosive issues. day
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one, behind closed doors, has finished, and mr cohen has left congress. he had a few words for reporters as he left. he said he was looking forward to telling his story tomorrow, felling, he said, the whole truth to the american people. now, he was actually convicted last year, so how does this hearing play into the whole process of where we are with this, with the mueller investigation and all the proceedings going ahead? well, democrats believe that he has more information to provide, and that is why he is being called before this committee. they want to ask further questions, especially about the finances relating to that 2016 election campaign. but as you say, he has been found guilty previously of lying to congress. he has been found guilty of finance violations and tax evasion as well, and the white house has picked it up and saying, look on this is a convicted felon, he is going to jail soon, why would anyone believe him? and clearly that is a valid point, that a lot of people will say that he can't be believed because of his
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past track record in talking to congress. 0thers past track record in talking to congress. others will say, well, perhaps he has new information, perhaps he has new information, perhaps he has new information, perhaps he will come armed with documents and audio recordings. he had a habit of recording his conversations with mr trump, and ultimately it will be up to the american people to hear what he has got to say and to decide. it is going to be a fascinating testimony. peter bowes, as always, many thanks for keeping an eye across it. let's take a look at some of the day's other news: australian cardinal george pell is back in court to face sentencing hearings on child sexual abuse charges. in december, a jury found mr pell abused two choir boys in melbourne's cathedral in 1996, but it couldn't be reported until now for legal reasons. the 77—year—old is the highest ranking catholic figure to receive such a conviction, and he has already lodged an appeal. hywel griffith is outside the courthouse in melbourne. cardinal george pell has already
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been warned that today's the day that he is likely to go into custody, means tonight may well be his first night in a prison cell. now, what we expect to happen is for thejudge to listen now, what we expect to happen is for the judge to listen to arguments for and againsta the judge to listen to arguments for and against a long sentence. certainly the prosecution will want him to spend several years in jail for the crimes he has committed. his defence barrister will argue that there is still an appeal potentially ongoing, and he will want his client to remain free. it may be that he crosses the road to the court of appeal in order to get that expedited. however, george pell knows ultimately that he could face up knows ultimately that he could face up to ten years in prison. now, the reaction to the news of his conviction has shocked some here in australia, some who argue that they don't think he could be guilty of something so atrocious and appalling against two young boys. he still has his supporters here in australia. however, there are also those abuse survivors and campaigners who have wa nted
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survivors and campaigners who have wanted to see a high figure within the church brought to justice, and george pell certainly does represent that. hardly a more powerfulfigure within the catholic church has been accused, let alone convicted, of child sex abuse, and so he represents so much for people here in australia, and of course across the catholic world. also making news today: the british prime minister, theresa may, has shifted her position on the deadline for brexit, announcing a set of votes that could result in a delay to britain's departure from the european union. after recieving threats of resignations from her cabinet, mrs may told parliament that if she failed to get her brexit deal through the house of commons, mps would then get to vote on whether to leave the bloc without an agreement. if mps also reject that option, a further vote could be held on whether to temporarily extend britain's membership of the eu. if the house, having rejected leaving with a deal negotiated with the eu, then rejects leaving on 29
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march without the withdrawal agreement and future framework, the government will on 1a march bring forward a motion on whether parliament wants to seek a short, limited extension to article 50. and, if the house votes for an extension, seek to agree that extension, seek to agree that extension approved by the house with the eu, and bring forward the necessary legislation to change the exit date, commensurate with that extension. in response, the leader of the opposition, jeremy corbyn, said he had lost count of the prime minister's grotesquely reckless delays. the prime minister has become quite the expert at kicking the can down the expert at kicking the can down the road, but the problem is, at the road is running out, and the consequence of running down the clock are evident and very real for industry and for people's jobs. results from the nigerian election
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indicate the president will win a second term. the formal announcement will come later on wednesday. the results put the 76—year—old incumbentjust results put the 76—year—old incumbent just under 4 million results put the 76—year—old incumbentjust under 4 million votes ahead of his main rival. the rival had called for a halt to the counting and release of results, alleging electoral fraud. rescue workers in germany were called out to deal with a sewer rat stuck halfway out of a manhole. apparently the rat had put on a few pounds in the winter, and found itself in the same predicament as winnie the pooh. you will be pleased to know that it was successfully eased out of the gap and sent on its way. you are watching a special edition of newsday from hanoi. join me after the break will be speaking to a former us official who knows what it is like trying to negotiate with
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north korea. we will also be finding out by kim jong—un‘s drink cabinets may be a bit depleted after dutch customs officials seized 90,000 bottles of vodka from a rather ingenious hiding place. prince charles has chosen his bride. the prince proposed to lady diana spencer three weeks ago. she accepted, she says, without hesitation. as revolutions go, this had its fair share of bullets. a climax in the night outside the gates of mr marcos's sanctuary, malacanang — the name itself symbolizing one of the cruellest regimes of modern asia. the world's first clone has been produced of an adult mammal. scientists in scotland have produced a sheep called dolly using a cell from another sheep. citizens are trying to come to grips with their new freedom.
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though there is joy and relief today, the scars are everywhere. not for 20 years have locusts been seen in such numbers in this part of africa. some of the swarms have been ten miles long. this is the last time the public will see this pope. very soon, for the sake of the credibility and authority of the next pope, benedict xvi will, in his own words, "be hidden from the world for the rest of his life." this is newsday on the bbc. i'm kasia madera in london. and i'm sharanjit leyl in hanoi. our top stories: donald trump and kim jong—un are preparing for their second summit in the vietnamese capital, hanoi. and reports from washington say donald trump's for your lawyer may be about to publicly accused the president of criminal conduct while in office. ——
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former lawyer. some breaking news for you from indonesia, from sulawesi. we are getting these reports from the reuters news agency about a landslide at what appears to be an illegal goldmine. we are being told 60 people, more than 60 people, are potentially buried after this landslide at an illegal goldmine in indonesia's sulawesi province. it says are ten people have been rescued and one is feared to have been killed. —— 13 people have been rescued. it is a developing story from indonesia, at the sight of this mind. we will continue to monitor this story and bring the latest to you. these are just some bits of information coming in to the bbc at the moment. let's look at the newspapers from around the world. no surprises, lots of them looking at this summit. straits times highlighting the
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meeting between kim jong—un and donald trump in hanoi. the paper says the summit is being watched closely for tangible progress of north korea's nuclear programme. the south china morning post writes about ten other summit in the making, one which will potentially be held about donald trump and the chinese president, xijinping. the paper says ageing has accepted washington's choice of mr trump's by that resort in florida as the venue. many details, including the exact date, remain unclear. finally, the japan times reports a government panel is warning a major earthquake with a magnitude between seven and eight is highly likely to strike off eastern japan within the next 30 days. so you up—to—date with the papers, let's return to hanoi. —— you are. yes, the world's attention is on this city, hanoi. in a few hours,
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north korea's leader kim jong—un will sit down for a second time with us president donald trump. denuclearisation will again be the keyissue, denuclearisation will again be the key issue, with limited progress after the first meeting between the two lea d e rs after the first meeting between the two leaders in singapore injune. both leaders have already arrived here in vietnam ahead of the summit, which get under way on wednesday evening. kim jong—un travelled from pyongyang to vietnam via train, which took two days. he is staying at the melia hotel in downtown hanol at the melia hotel in downtown hanoi. ten kilometres away, donald trump is staying at the marriot. they will meet on wednesday evening and will have dinner together with their advisers, and on thursday they are scheduled to have a series of actor back meetings, which of course we will be monitoring as well. —— back—to—back meetings. for more on this i am joined from washington byjoel s wit, who is a senior fellow at the stimson center and was involved in negotiations with north korea while working at the us state department.
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jolt, welcome to the programme. firstly, obviously you have been involved in these sorts of things before. tell us, how are these summits, this one here in hanoi and the one in singapore last year, different from the ones you have been involved in? well, as you know, these are the first two summits with an american president, so i haven't been involved any previous ones. there have been high—level meetings between, for example, secretary of state madeline albright in 2000, she went to pyongyang to meet with kim jong il, but these are the first two meetings of sitting american presidents with north korean leaders. as you know, they are historic. historic, but very thin on details. that was the accusation made about the first summit in singapore. are we expecting a lot more this time around?” singapore. are we expecting a lot more this time around? i think i heard andre earlier saying the first one was sort of the beginning of the
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process and now we are at the second summit, where everybody expects there will be more substance. everybody understands that, notjust the americans, but the north koreans understand that too. they have a tricky roads to go on here. —— road. 0n the one hand they want to get as much as they can from the americans. 0n the other hand they understand that if they get too much it may scuttle the process. jolt, i'm going to ask you this, because you are there in washington, dc, where there are quitea there in washington, dc, where there are quite a few domestic distractions for president trump. —— joel distractions for president trump. —— joel. 0bviously distractions for president trump. —— joel. obviously we have been reporting on his former convicted lawyer, michael cullen, likely to accuse him of criminal conduct. there is also the emergency funding for his wall. is this a much—needed foreign policy win, or a distraction foreign policy win, or a distraction for the us president at a time when he has so much happening at home?
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well, look, i don't know the linkage between what president trump is thinking and what is going on back here, but what i will say is the problem is that if president trump accomplishes something at this summit, and this process starts to move forward, and we make real progress with denuclearisation, the danger is that the political upheaval that may engulf him here will not only cover a lot of other issues but will also engulf this issue. and i am hoping that won't happen, because the democrats seem to be fairly supportive of what he is doing. but i cannot predict the future on that. all right, joel 5 wit in washington, thank you for joining us. now, ijust now, i just want to tell you about pakistani. the country is weighing
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up pakistani. the country is weighing up how to respond to the first indian airstrikes on its soil since 1971. india says the strikes targeted militants from the group jaish—e—mohammad, which claimed responsibility for an attack on indian troops in kashmir earlier this month. a0 troops died in that attack but reports differ on how many were killed in these retaliatory strikes. a earlier i spoke to dr tanvi madan of the brookings institution in washington and i asked for her response to india's breach of pakistani territory. i think what we have seen in terms of the international response, we have seen almost no country, we have seen be 0rganisation have seen almost no country, we have seen be organisation of islamic countries condemning this move, but otherwise we have seen a fair bit of understanding from most countries about the indian move because of the terrorist attack that took lace from this terrorist group placed in pakistan. —— took place. what we
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have seen in the past 2a hours, it has almost been 2a—hour since we had news of this indian is that most countries have essentially come out with statements not condemning the indian attack, calling for restraint from both sides and asking pakistan to do more in terms of taking on the terrorist groups that are operating from its soil. pakistani suggesting it will retaliate, but we don't have any indication as to how and when. —— pakistan is suggesting. what is your assessment? this is a tough one for them. in some senses they will feel under public pressure because once again, after the americans went through their airspace in 2011, the indian airforce has got through their airspace in 2011, the indian air force has got through their space. so the pakistani military will feel under certain pressure to do something, to take some action, but having said that, a lot of our allies, china, saudi arabia, who have their own interest is in india, will not want to see
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this situation to escalate, so they will urge them to show restraint. —— into rest in india. —— interests. they will want to do something to ease the pressure and because this is, as you said, quite historically different. this is the first time since 1971 the indian airforce has gone into pakistani essbase. —— airspace. you have been watching newsday. silence. sharanjit leyl shara njit leyl is sharanjit leyl is of course in hanol sharanjit leyl is of course in hanoi, with all that coverage of that second summit of donald trump and kimjong—un, and a lot of interest into whether any progress will be made on the question of denuclearisation in north korea, after singapore there was a big question is not much concern, not
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much was done, lots of optics and photo opportunities, but not much was done. will moore be achieved after this second summit in hanoi? stay with us on bbc news. hello there. this unusually warm weather is not going to last forever and as we changed the month we will change the weather quite significantly. 0ver change the weather quite significantly. over the past you days we have seen the temperatures creeping up day by day, culminating in 21.2dc at kew gardens yesterday. the weather is changing because the position of the jet stream is going to change. we have been on the one side of it for a long time now but look what happens in the atlantic. a strengthening westerlyjet is heading our way. that will bring cooler air and it will bring more changeable weather as well. so today, make the most of the sunshine. today is probably the last of the warm and sunny days. it will bea of the warm and sunny days. it will be a lovely day but it is a bit of a chilly start. temperatures close to freezing in one or two places. a bit more mist and fog around as well in
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the morning, across southern england, parts of the midlands, the vale of york and around the murray serve. it will tend to lift and we should see the sunshine coming out farand should see the sunshine coming out far and wide. more cloud coming into northern —— northern ireland at times, through most parts of scotla nd times, through most parts of scotland and the irish sea. there is lots of sunshine around and more warmth as well, that higher temperatures around the london area, around 19 or 20 celsius. a lovely day to come for many of us stop a persistent area of high pressure is retreating, getting sucked away down towards iberia and the resource, which is where it should be, really, at this time of year. it allows these weather fronts to come in from these weather fronts to come in from the atlantic. you will notice much more cloud around on thursday. it will be rather dull and misty and murky, and we could see some verse of rain coming in to wales, perhaps north—west inward, the midlands and southern england. a limited amount of sunshine in the south—west. most places cloud it. nine degrees in scotland, a few spots of rain in northern scotland. 12 or 13 further south at best, significantly lower
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than we have seen over the past few days. we may find original high pressure coming in and trying things off on friday, ahead of the next weather front arriving from the atlantic. this is where all the weather will be coming from. dull, misty, patchy fog again on friday morning. quite cloudy and eastern areas, further west, maybe some sunshine ahead of this rain, which holds off until late in the day. but those temperatures are... still slightly above average for this time of year. but quite different from what we have a new suit. it is not really going to get an awful lot of warmer over the weekend either. bands of rain coming in from the atla ntic followed bands of rain coming in from the atlantic followed by sunshine and showers and it could be quite windy as well, quite a deep area of low pressure coming across the north of the uk. windy weather. in scotland, northern ireland and also across northern england.
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