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tv   BBC News  BBC News  February 27, 2019 3:00am-3:31am GMT

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this is bbc news — the headlines: president trump and kim jong—un are just hours away welcome to bbc news, from their second summit — broadcasting to viewers this time in the vietnamese capital in north america and around the globe. hanol my name is mike embley. the two leaders are expected our top stories: to discuss how to rid the korean peninsula of nuclear weapons. once more with feeling — north korea is keen for an end donald trump and kim jong—un arrive in vietnam ahead of to economic sanctions but there's little indication it's prepared to disarm. their second summit. theresa may has opened the door for brexit to be postponed theresa may admits britain's beyond march 29th. departure from the eu could be the british prime minister's told delayed as her government warns mps, if in a fortnight they don't of a severe impact if the uk leaves back her deal and also reject leaving the european union with no without a brexit deal. agreement at all — they can vote on delaying britain's departure. donald trump's former fixer donald trump's disgraced former lawyer, testifies in washington. michael cohen, has been giving already jailed for lying evidence to congress. to congress, he says he welcomes us media suggest he may the chance to tell the truth. accuse his long—time boss of racism and criminal conduct, including tax fraud. only his testimony on wednesday will be public. cohen has already been sentenced to jail for lying to congress, tax evasion, and campaign and off with his head — the 800—year—old remains stolen from a church in ireland. finance violations.
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it's 3:30am, incredibly enough. you're up to date hello. with the headlines. now on bbc news, panorama. more and more young people are questioning their gender. being trans isn't a choice. when people see me on the street, kim jong—un are within hours of meeting again face to face. i want to be perceived as a woman. their second summit another attempt the number of under—18s seeking help to secure the denuclearisation of north korea, although the two from the nhs has risen sharply leaders have very different in the last five years. definitions of what that would mean. in the past few minutes this isn't some frivolous choice that kids are making without thinking about it. president trump has tweeted. health professionals are feeling under pressure. he says, "vietnam is thriving like few places on earth. i've become increasingly concerned north korea would be about the large number of patients the same, and very quickly, who want physical treatment if it would denuclearize. as quickly as possible. for others, there the potential is awesome, is no time to waste. a great opportunity, like almost none other in history, for my friend kim jong—un. we will know fairly soon — very interesting!" we have this report from our correspondent laura bicker, and a warning it contains flash photography. after a marathon three—day
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train trip through china, the north korean leader looks ready to enjoy the limelight. some of his staff even struggled to keep up. kimjong—un may run an impoverished country, but he is determined to put on a show of strength on the streets of hanoi. donald trump also has a lot to prove in vietnam. very little of substance was agreed at their last meeting. north korea remains a global threat. this time, he'll hope to have an offer mr kim won't refuse. vietnam is seen as a model north korea could use to reform. it remains a communist state, the party retains absolute control, yet it opened up its economy to become one of the fastest—growing in asia. duong thi thanh took the chance to establish her own textile business using traditional vietnamese methods. she employs dozens of staff and, after 2a years, her firm
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is now global. here is the fancy market! most north korean households have been making money on the black market for years. here in seoul, in south korea, one defector told me it is tolerated but still illegal. it is the only way some families earn money forfood, and she is not sure kimjong—un is serious about economic reform. these hanoi schoolchildren are singing about their hopes for the summit.
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they come from a country which has made peace with the us and gained prosperity. could north korea's next generation learn a similar lesson? laura bicker, bbc news, hanoi. sharanjit leyl is in hanoi for us. to write, mike. well, you heard laura's report, it is big issues on table for the leaders —— that's right, mike. they have a busy day ahead today which culminates in an intimate dinner between the two tonight, but ahead of that, as well as tweeting, we know president trump will be on the move very shortly. he has bilateral meetings with his vietnamese counterpart and he will meet with the president first and then the prime minister of vietnam. of course, there are a lot of issues on the table, the big nuts and bolts
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issues of denuclearisation, as we've been talking about, that will be discussed tomorrow on thursday. well, ahead of that, let's speak now with amrita bassu from the economist intelligence unit, joining me from singapore. now, as we've been talking about, denuclearisation is the big goal of this second summit. how much do you think it can build on the first last year in singapore? absolutely. so, yes, denuclearisation is the primary goal, particularly from the us side. there is still, as we rightly mentioned earlier, some sort of lack of understanding as to what the north koreans are willing to give. they have made some progress in terms of dismantling old test sites and slowing down missile development and slowing down missile development and so on. but, to the extent that
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they are willing to disarm their nuclear weapons programme is still quite, sort of, sceptical on that front. and use a sceptical, amrita, but let's take a look at some of the other countries that have stakes here. obviously the us is keen to see north korea clinical rise, as is the rest of the world. we know that it would make the world a far safer place if they simply stopped testing —— denuclearise. however, there are other stakeholders, south korea chief amongst them, japan and china. what kind of role do you think they will have and how will they be watching these talks — what do they hope to get out of it?|j watching these talks — what do they hope to get out of it? i mean, there is really a distinction to be made as to how denuclearisation is defined, and i believe that all the stakeholders have a different view on this. so, china and south korea would probably have a more dovish
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view than some of the hawks in the us and in europe. so, china and south korea are happy for north korea to declare that they will stop testing, they will stop developing, they will declare their stockpiles and just generally get a more transparent feel on the nuclear programme, whereas the us have said in the past they want evidence of dismantling of the facilities that are used and so on and so forth. it is interesting to see what south koreans want. the south korean president pallas released a statement couple of days back, stating what their expectations are and a lot of this was around the declaration of the end of the korean war—— declaration of the end of the korean war —— palace. there was really no mention of denuclearisation in a
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statement. all right, amrita basu, thank you so much forjoining us. and, mike, of course, iwill thank you so much forjoining us. and, mike, of course, i will be here for the next couple of hours in hanol for the next couple of hours in hanoi, and as i mentioned, both leaders have a fairly busy day today. they will meet tonight for a fairly intimate dinner, but president trump will meet with his vietnamese counterpart shortly. he is due to have a busy day, as busy as the hanoi traffic. back over to you. sharanjit, thank you very much. the british prime minister has for the first time held out the prospect of parliament voting to delay britain's departure from the european union. brexit is currently scheduled for march 29th. but theresa may has said mps must first vote on her preferred brexit deal, and then, if that's rejected, vote on whether they're prepared to approve the uk leaving with no agreement at all. caroline rigby now on what feels like a significant moment in the agonised brexit process. the british prime minister always said she wanted a smooth transition, adamant the uk would leave on march 29. but has theresa may finally blinked?
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having rejected leaving with the deal negotiated with the eu, then reject leaving on 29 march without a withdrawal agreement and future framework, the government will, on 14 march, bring forward a motion on whether parliament wants to seek a short, limited extension to article 50. they were the words number ten never wanted to admit, the possibility of delaying brexit rather than leaving without a deal. the prime minister has become quietly expert at kicking back came down the road. but the problem is the road is running out. and the consequence of running down the clock are evident and very real for industry and for people's jobs. these days, agreement in westminster seems increasingly rare. but the government agrees that the impact of leaving without a withdrawal
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agreement could be severe. in a new report, it warns that some businesses would face higher tariffs, as much as 70% for beef farmers. others would experience new regulatory barriers and tougher customs procedures. and with 30% of britain's food coming from the eu, the government suggest disruption at the border could lead to higher prices, reduced choice and even shortages. fresh produce which would be worst hit by reduced availability through a reduced flow through the dover strait. this can't be good for retailers, consumers or the country and that's why mps have got to avoid a disastrous no—deal brexit on march 29. in essence, with the clock still ticking, theresa may's government believes britain is ill—prepared for the possibility of a divorce without a deal. let's get some of the day's other news: the australian cardinal george pell
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has been told by a court in melbourne he could face ten years in jail. he's been found guilty of abusing two choirboys in melbourne cathedral in 1996. the former vatican treasurer, who is 77, is the highest ranking catholic figure to be convicted of sexual assault. his lawyers have lodged an appeal. rescuers are searching for more than 60 illegal gold miners in indonesia who could be trapped after a shaft collapsed in northern sulawesi province. a spokesman for the disaster agency said dozens of people were mining for gold when supporting beams broke, burying the miners. one person has been found dead and thirteen have so far been rescued. the us is seeking a draft resolution at the un demanding that humanitarian aid, currently blocked by the maduro regime from entering venezuela, be allowed in. it's likely to be vetoed by president maduro's allies china and russia. the us has threatened more economic sanctions and called on other member states to do the same. the us house of representatives has passed legislation to block president trump's national emergency declaration, seeking funds for his
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long—promised border wall. only 13 republicans supported the move in the house. it now goes to the senate. a two—thirds majority of both chambers would be needed to override a presidential veto. donald trump's disgraced former lawyer michael cohen has been giving evidence to congress. us media reports suggest that in three days of hearings he may accuse his long—time boss of racism and criminal conduct, including tax fraud. only his testimony on wednesday will be public. cohen has already been sentenced to three years in prison for lying to congress, also tax evasion, and campaign finance violations. he spoke briefly as he left tuesday's hearing. first of all, i want to thank you all for sticking around and waiting for me. at this point in time i really appreciate the opportunity that was given to me to clear the record and to tell the truth, and i look forward to tomorrow, to being able to use my voice to tell the american people my story and i'm going to let the american
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people decide exactly who is telling the truth. so i want to thank you all again for sticking around. have a good night. earlier i spoke to our north america correspondent peter bowes who's following this story for us. it is a very valid point, that he has, as you say, been accused and found guilty of lying, so a lot of people will take whatever he says to congress with a huge pinch of salt. that said, there is certainly democrats who want to hear from him during these three days of hearings to believe that he has more information to share. as we have heard from mr cohen, clearly he is directing whatever he has to say, whatever allegations he has, at the american people. and perhaps there is something in trying to salvage his own reputation even though he has been found guilty and he is heading to jailfor three years in just a few weeks' time. he may well have valid information.
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that is what we have to wait and see. it may be tittle tattle, it could be salacious information, or there could be hard facts. there is speculation he could bring documents, possibly even audio recordings with him to prove a point. to back up his case. and if it does turn out to be true, if there is proof, it could cause a lot of trouble for the president, couldn't it? it could cause a huge amount of trouble. it really does depend on what he has to say. that could result in more hearings and further investigations. it could just leave a bad taste as far as the american public are concerned. this is going to be a televised event. it is being hyped by the american media here. and clearly people will be watching it very closely. and even if there aren't those hard and fast to move with an investigation or even criminal prosecution of the president which some people are talking about, itjust may be the kind of message that people don't want to hear about their sitting president.
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peter bowes for us there. us secretary of state has spoken to the indian and pakistani governments after india launched airstrikes against militants in pakistan, close to the disputed region of kashmir. mike pompeo says he urged the two countries, both nuclear powers, to avoid any more military activity. india says it targeted terrorists from a group in balakot. pakistan says the strikes hit an empty area and no—one was hurt. but indian jets entering pakistani airspace is a major escalation of tensions. this from our india correspondent yogita limaye. in this mountainous part of pakistan's north—east, india claims to have hit a militant group. it says its aircraft bombed jaish—e—mohammad's largest camp. for the first time since 1971, indian warplanes entered pakistani airspace. translation: i heard a huge explosion, and jets flying overhead. in the morning, we saw a big crater, and some homes damaged. but pakistan's military says there was no damage and no casualties. its spokesman put out these photos, saying the jets were forced
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to drop their payloads hastily and scramble away. it has vowed to retaliate. india has committed uncalled—for aggression, to which pakistan shall respond at the time and place of its choosing. india's actions are being seen as a response to this suicide bombing, 12 days ago. carried out by jaish—e—mohammad, it killed a0 troops in indian—administered kashmir. this is an area disputed between pakistan and india. the neighbours have fought two wars over it, and for decades, it has faced armed insurgency backed by pakistan—based groups. india has been repeatedly urging pakistan to take action against the jaish—e—mohammad, to preventjihadis from being trained and armed inside pakistan.
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after the suicide bombing, the mood in the country was one of anger, of wanting revenge against the perpetrators, and with a national election coming up in less than two months from now, the government and prime minister modi were under pressure to act. along the de facto border between the two countries, troops are on high alert. reports say both sides have been firing small arms and mortars. in what is already one of the most militarised regions in the world, there is fear about how much worse it could get. yogita limaye, bbc news, mumbai. much more still to come on bbc news. still to come: votes counted in nigeria's presidential election show that muhammadu buhari has won a second term, but the opposition is alleging fraud. prince charles has chosen his bride. the prince proposed to lady diana spencer three weeks ago. she accepted, she says,
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without hesitation. as revolutions go, this had its fair share of bullets. a climax in the night outside the gates of mr marcos's sanctuary, malacanang — the name itself symbolising one of the cruellest regimes of modern asia. the world's first clone has been produced of an adult mammal. scientists in scotland have produced a sheep called dolly using a cell from another sheep. citizens are trying to come to grips with their new freedom. though there is joy and relief today, the scars are everywhere. not for 20 years have locusts been seen in such numbers in this part of africa. some of the swarms have been ten miles long. this is the last time the public will see this pope. very soon, for the sake of the credibility and authority of the next pope, benedict xvi will, in his own words, "be hidden from the world for the rest of his life." this is bbc news.
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the main story this hour: donald trump and kim jong—un are preparing for their second summit. both have arrived in the vietnamese capital, hanol results from nigeria's electoral commission indicate president muammadu buhari has been re—elected for a second, four—year term. there'll be a formal announcement on wednesday. the results put him just underfour million votes ahead of his main rival, atiku abuba kar. the former vice—president has alleged electoral fraud and called for a halt to the counting and release of results. from abuja, here's peter ockwoche. almost 72 hours after the presidential vote in nigeria, by our reckoning, it seems president muhammadu buhari has won a second term in office. now, the independent national electoral commission has not made a formal announcement yet. they say they will do that in a few hours. according to our statistics, though, residents muhammadu buhari has won
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19 of the country's 36 states. his main opponent, atiku abubakar, has won 18 of those states. but president muhammadu buhari also has a commanding lead of almost 4 million votes. now, he has a lot of work ahead of him. he will have to tackle corruption, as he has promised to do here in nigeria. the economy is barely out of a recession. then there is the matter of insecurity across the country. boko haram in the north—east of the country. clashes between hersdmen who are looking for pasture for their cows, and farmers whose cows these farms destroy across the middle belt of nigeria. and then, the restive youth in the oil—rich niger delta who are demanding a greater share of the region's oil wealth. but from what we can tell, president muhammadu buhari has won a second term in office and it looks
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like he will be continuing for another four years. let's go back to our top story. president donald trump and the north korean leader kim jong—un are within hours of holding talks again. sharanjit leyl is in hanoi for us where the meeting will take place. yes, we are watching very closely and monitoring both leaders' ever removed. as you said at the start of the programme, president trump has already been very busy. he arrived last night but has been tweeting this morning, touting north korea's also future if kim jong—un were to give up the country's nuclear arsenal. he continued to say that the opportunities facing a de— nuclear north korea were like none other in history. —— denuclearised north korea. so will be watching out for those two litres meeting later tonight as they have dinner. very
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shortly president trump will be on the move, his motorcade is due to leave in a matter of minutes to go and meet his vietnamese counterpart for bilateral talks. ahead of all of that, let's talk about what is on the table, because it is denuclearisation, the person who has been with us over the last few hours, talking about this and having lots of insight, is andre ibm, from the asia pacific research centre at sta nford the asia pacific research centre at stanford university. he is with me now. what is interesting is that you have been to pyongyang about dirty times, so you would have real insight as much as any western person about what the north koreans want. —— 30 times. we hear a lot about what the americans want, which is denuclearisation. tell us about what north korea aims to get from this? kim jong-un really needs sanctions relief and he needs it as soon as sanctions relief and he needs it as soon as possible. in the short term they are going to try to get as much sanctions relief as possible to kickstart north and south korean interactions as well as allowing them to trade more freely with other
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countries as well. we also know that the us is facing, particularly president trump, is facing a lot of domestic issues at the moment. we have been hearing on the show about michael cohen, talking about his presentation today, and also issues about the border wall. how much does president trump need this foreign policy win? i think he does need this victory, he needs to be able to come home and say that he has held to contain the north korean threat and that he has —— he is changing the relationship so that threat will and long—term. i think what is interesting and how that plays into these negotiations is that the north korean is also aware of the political instability and shifting landscape in washington. maybe that puts pressure on them. they want to make sure that a deal gets done in progress is made before donald trump is distracted by other things in washington, dc. andre, thank you. you will be with us over the next few hours, making sense of all this. i will also be here, here in hanoi,
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we are watching out those motorcades, they are about to be on the move. we will keep you up dated as the hours go on. it is not often we get the chance to say this. officials in ireland have pleaded for the return of a human head that was stolen from a crypt in a church in dublin. the bodily remains, known as the crusader, had lain there for eight centuries. the local archdeacon has urged anyone with any information to come forward. the bbc‘s tim allman has more. st mike's and is church has stood in this spot for more than 900 years. a place of quiet devotion and peaceful contemplation. so you can imagine the shock when a tour guide came to open up and discovered this. the heavy steel bought to one of the va u lts heavy steel bought to one of the vaults are ripped off, the bodies inside desecrated. i can understand people who break into a church and steal silver. that's commonplace.
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but to break into a sacred area, a crypt where people have been dead for many years, and bodies are buried, itjust wegener‘s belief. i just can't get my head around the mind of somebody who would do that. these, some of the mummified remains pictured before the break—in. one of them, and none, who had been here for 400 years. her cough and ransacked. —— coffin. the head of this man was severed and taken away. he is known only as the crusader, and he has lain here the 800 years. if they have any conscience whatsoever, they would make contact me or the church authorities or even the garda to say where the head of the garda to say where the head of the crusader is, because we would like that fact, just simply to put his head back with his body and let him rest in peace. time may not be on their side. it is feared the human remains will quickly decompose. this has been described
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asa decompose. this has been described as a great loss to the parish, the city and the country. that's it for now. thanks for watching. tuesday was another record—breaking day, 21.2 degrees celsius at kew gardens. today is going to be another unusually warm day, lots of sunshine around but probably the last of the warm and sunny days for quite some time. our weather is changing. for a long time now, we've been on the warm side of this jetstream. you can see how the position of the jet stream is going to change over the next few days. a stronger westerlyjet coming out from the atlantic bringing cooler, more unsettled weather. at the moment, though, it's still drier and a little chilly out there. temperatures not far away from freezing in one or two places. a bit more mist and fog around, especially around southern england, the midlands, the vale of york and the moray firth. sunshine far and wide. sunshine coming to northern ireland,
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western and northern fringes of scotland and through the irish sea with the many inland areas dry and sunny and really warm, the highest temperatures around the london area of 19 or 20 degrees. the persistent area of high pressure is changing position. it's retreating, getting squeezed back down towards iberia and the azores which is where it should be. thursday will be a much cloudier day. it could be a little dull, a little misty and we will find some showery bursts of rain across southern england, wales, the midlands, perhaps into the north—west of england, a few heady bursts quite likely. rain in the north—east of scotland where temperatures are back down to 9 degrees. a significant drop on what was seen recently and on top of that, sunshine as well. there may not be an awful lot of sunshine to start with either. the next weather front arriving in from the atlantic should hold towards the west through most of the day on friday. cloudy start, misty and murky again. some western areas may see some sunshine coming through, those temperatures down at around 11 or 12 degrees, fairly typically.
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still a little above average for the time of year, quite a change from what we've seen. and it gets windy as we head into the weekend. stron —to gale—force wind, bands of rain followed by showers, a little sunshine and highs of around 12 or 13 celsius.
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