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tv   BBC News  BBC News  March 2, 2019 4:00am-4:31am GMT

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this is bbc news. the headlines: the family of a us student who died after he was jailed in north korea have criticised president trump — for praising kim jong—un. otto warmbier‘s parents said "no excuse. . . can change" that "kim and his evil regime" killed their son. their comments came after mr trump heaped compliments on the north korean leader. you're watching bbc news. i'm reged ahmad. our top stories: the family of a us student who died after he was jailed in north korea demonstrators have clashed with police in algeria — criticise president trump as tens of thousands protested against the president's decision for praising kim jong—un. to run for a fifth term. authorities say more than 50 police the north korean leader — officers have been injured. who stayed in vietnam president bouteflika, who's 81, after the failed summit — has rarely been seen in public has paid his respects since suffering to the country's war victims. he's been meeting the a stroke six years ago. vietnamese prime minister. clashes in algeria, as tens pakistan has freed an indian fighter of thousands protest against their ailing president's pilot captured after his jet was shot down in the disputed region of kashmir. wing commander abhinandan varthaman was handed over at a border decision to run for a fifth term. crossing in punjab. celebrations as the indian pilot captured by pakistan is released. but will his safe return bring both countries back from the brink of war? a man's been jailed for 8.5 years
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for the manslaughter of louella fletcher—michie, president trump has rejected claims that he failed to hold north korea's leader kim jong—un to account for the death of an american student. otto warmbier was sentenced in 2016 by a north korean court to 15 years hard labour, after being accused of stealing a poster. he was in a coma when he was released 17 months later, and died soon after returning to the united states. his family rebuked president trump for praising kim jong—un and accepting his claim that he did not know about otto warmbier‘s mistreatment and failing health. our washington correspondent chris buckler explained why donald trump is struggling to square his relationship with kim jong—un and the fallout with otto warmbeir‘s family.
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i don't think it is something which he is particularly pleased about. i think he has been stung by this criticism, frankly, from the family. this is a family he invited along to a state of the union address last year in washington, a family he says he knows extremely well. but they said they felt they had to speak out, after the summit was over, not during it, but after the summit, to say that they felt not only had he got things wrong, but some of his comments were frankly hurtful. they say "kim and his evil regime are responsible for the death of our son, otto". this is what donald trump actually said at the time, because he has been accused of being misinterpreted. he said he, referring to mr kim, tells me he doesn't know about it, and i will take him at his word.
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there are even some members of his own republican party who are uncomfortable with that statement, because they believe that otto warmbier, who went into this prison camp to do 15 years of hard labour, was somebody who was in good health when he was arrested. when he was released and returned to america, he had suffered many unexplained injuries, including brain damage, and died just days later. while mr trump has in the past been a support to the family, it is very clear the family notjust upset, but they feel these words have only aggravated a situation that is extremely delicate. donald trump has defended himself in a way, and he is saying that he still blames north korea for what happened to otto warmbier. is that a tracking, almost? i think it is a really interesting tweet to look out, because actually, what he says in that post on twitter, is that of course i hold north korea responsible.
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he doesn't mention kimjong—un. and i suspect that is not going to satisfy the family and it will certainly leave some republicans and undoubtedly many democrats feeling that the president has not gone far enough. it is very clear that president trump wants to defend his relationship with kim jong—un. even though this was an unsuccessful summit, he continues to believe there is potentially a deal to be done between america and north korea. but what worries some within his own party, what worries even some of his own very vocal supporters, is that he continues to praise kim jong—un. if you look at what he said about him, he said he was somebody he believes was very smart and a real leader. given the north korean regime, those are pretty strong words, and it of course follows him defending vladimir putin over suggestions that russia interfered in the 2016 presidential election, and also defending saudi arabia after the death of jamal khashoggi. it leaves donald trump again
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in a position where he is having to defend comments about a leader who has been responsible for overseeing a country that has been accused of very serious crimes. chris butler there. the north korean leader kimjong—un has stayed on in vietnam after his summit with donald trump to meet the vietnamese prime minister. earlier, he laid a wreath at the monument to war heroes and martyrs. and he visited the ho chi minh mausoleum. this is the scene at life in hanoi. as kimjong—un‘s train waits for him at the station. he is due to leave shortly to head back to north korea. it is apparently a four date change it. he may stop in china on the way. that is yet to be confirmed —— four date train trip. our south—east asia correspondent johnathan head is in hanoi where kim jong—un is on the final day of his official visit to vietnam.
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i asked him what the north korean leader has been doing there. well, he has just been visiting the mausoleum of the legendary vietnamese independence leader, ho chi minh. of course, something that his grandfather did while ho chi minh was a life back in 1958 and 1964, at a time when north korea was a relatively successful socialist economy, helping a poor and struggling vietnam. kim jong—un, in some ways, has quite consciously followed in the footsteps of his grandfather. he looks like his grandfather, the founder of the north korean dynasty, so coming here to the mausoleum of ho chi minh, most dignitaries do it, it is an important part of any visit to vietnam, it would have been an essential part of that. he hasjust a couple more meetings before you head back to the border and then he has a long train ride back to north korea, where he will go through china. we do not know yet whether he will be stopping off to talk to chinese leaders about what happened here at the summit. in vietnam, they are still portraying this as a successful summit hosting, because it went smoothly. they are kind of glossing over the fact that in fact nothing came out of it, as indeed is the north korean media, and kimjong—un is able, you know, he was all over the press here,
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the state press in vietnam, to be seen as no other north korean leader has been, as a kind of statesman. so i think there are some positives here for kim jong—un, although i do think he was probably a bit shocked that the americans cut that summit back quite quickly. kim jong—un is to meet with the vietnamese prime minister. what do you think he hopes to get out of that, long—term? he's talking about learning from vietnam's economic success. it is all done in the name of socialist fraternity. these are two of the last communist ruled countries left on earth, and lots of the language is couched in this rather archaic way we used to see between meetings between communist countries. i think the inspiration of vietnam and its economic success is very important to him.
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whether he can go as far, even as close to what vietnam has done right now, is a big question. north korea is very isolated. this economy is thoroughly integrated into the global trading network, it is a member of asean and is a partner of the united states. it is not at all clear how far down that will north korea can go. but this is one of the few countries he could visit where he would feel com pletely co mforta ble. this has still been a slightly different chip than the one when he went to singapore. it was a novelty seeing him there, and the walkaround that he did, we haven't seen that year. this was more carefully structured. i think the disappointment of not having made more progress at the summit has probably taken off some of the gloss. but, you know, this is a north korean leader who, for all the chronicle faults and human rights abuses there, does want to lift his economy. if he is going to do that,
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vietnam might be one country where he can start to look for help in some kind of guidance. jonathan head they‘ re jonathan head they're speaking to us from hanoi. he has been following kim jong—un‘s trip to vietnam —— there. the algerian authorities say more than 50 police officers have been injured in the biggest anti—government protests in the country in nearly a decade. more than a hundred thousand people took to the streets of the main cities, in largely peaceful demonstrations calling on their ailing president, not to run for a fifth term in office. kathryn armstrong has more and a warning this report contains some flash photography. they came together to call for change. on the streets of algiers, a sea of people demanding the president withdraw to make way for a new leader. anti—government protests are a rare sight in this country. this is thought to be the largest in nearly a decade. and while it was largely peaceful, at one point violent clashes broke out with riot police, leaving dozens injured. the unrest began more than two
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weeks ago, when this man, president abdelaziz bouteflika, announced he was seeking a fifth term in the country's april elections. the ailing leader, who turns 82 on saturday, has rarely been seen in public since suffering a stroke six years ago, and is currently undergoing medical checks in switzerland. critics say his ill—health means he is incapable of fulfilling his duties as president. translation: ifi had no hope that it would change i wouldn't be here. i'm not only demonstrating against the fifth mandate. we want the whole system to change. it has been more than 20 years, and still he wants to stay? now it's enough. it's time for change. the people have woken up, we're not illiterate. protests were also held in the cities of oran and constantine. organisers say the numbers have grown from last week, when demonstrations began. despite the unrest, the president's campaign director says he will meet the sunday deadline to formally
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submit his candidacy. those on the streets, meanwhile, are hopeful their actions will help shift the balance of power in their country. let's get some of the day's other news. the united states has cancelled the visas of 49 venezuelan officials who helped close the country's borders last saturday to block the delivery of foreign aid. the us state department said they were responsible for undermining venezuela's democracy. the sanctions will also apply to their family members. president trump says he's asked china to remove all tariffs on us agricultural products immediately, adding that trade discussions with beijing were progressing well. mr trump delayed plans to impose new tariffs on chinese goods on the first of march because of progress towards an agreement with china. ajudge in brazil has agreed to release from prison the former president, luiz inacio lula da silva, to attend the funeral of his seven—year—old grandson.
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the boy died of meningitis and will be buried in sao paulo on saturday. lula will leave prison for the first time since he was sentenced for corruption in april. the canadian government has confirmed it will allow a us extradition case to proceed against the chief financial officer of the chinese technology giant huawei. meng wanzhou was detained in canada last year at washington's request. she's accused of bank fraud to help her company break us sanctions against iran. she has denied the allegations. our north america technology correspondent, dave lee, outlined how the extradition process will move forward. the next step will be a hearing on wednesday, that will be a chance for the dates to be set for the extradition proceedings to begin in full. we are expecting meng wanzhou to appear at that hearing in vancouver on wednesday morning, although it could be a brief
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appearance, just to hear when the full proceedings will get under way. after that point, that could take several months, and what happens in that period is that a judge in canada will determine whether what meng wanzhou is alleged to have done would also be illegal in canada — and if that is the case, if the judge deems that to be the case, then she will most likely be extradited to face trial in the united states. now, where that becomes slightly more complicated is that the main defence of meng wanzhou at this point is that her defence team feels the charges would not be illegal in canada, because they relate to us—imposed sanctions on iran. but that will be the next stage, and if, after that initial proceeding is finished, there could be several appeals, so in reality, meng wanzhou could be fighting the extradition for potentially several years. but of course, with every day that this saga goes on, it is becoming more and more politically explosive.
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for more on huawei, including an analysis of the wide ranging impact of the case, and for other top stories and analyses, you can head to bbc.com/news, or download our app. facebook says it's filed a lawsuit in a us court against several chinese companies for promoting the sale of fa ke—accounts, likes, and followers. the social media giant has accused four companies and three individuals of mis—using its platforms, and other online service providers, including amazon and twitter. facebook has been under growing political pressure to tackle the issue of fake news. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: nasa's groundbreaking mars mission gets under way, as insight probes the inner secrets of the red planet.
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first, the plates slid gently off the restaurant tables. then suddenly, the tables, the chairs and people crashed sideways and downwards, and it was just a matter of seconds as the ferry lurched onto her side. the hydrogen bomb. on a remote pacific atoll, the americans had successfully tested a weapon whose explosive force dwarfed that of the bomb dropped on hiroshima. i had heard the news earlier, and so my heart went bang and bang. the constitutional rights of these marchers are their rights as citizens of the united states, and they should be protected even in the right to test them out, so that they don't get their heads broken and are sent to hospital. this religious controversy, i know you don't want to say too much about it, but does it worry you it's going to boil up when you get to the states? well, it worries me, yeah. i hope everything will be
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all right in the end, as they say. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: the family of a us student who died after he was jailed in north korea have criticised president trump for praising kim jong—un. the algerian authorities say more than 50 police officers have been injured in the biggest anti—government protests in the country since the arab spring. pakistan has released the indian fighter pilot captured two days ago after his jet was shot down over the disputed region of kashmir. the two nuclear powers have both claimed sovereignty over the area for 70 years, with tensions rising in recent days, after a0 indian soldiers were killed in a suicide bombing. the pilot was handed over in darkness at a border crossing in the north indian state of punjab, from where rajini vaidyanathan reports.
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this was the moment india had been waiting for. as tensions have escalated with its nuclear neighbour, the fate of this pilot has taken centre stage. captured days ago by pakistan, today he was freed. wing commander abhinandan varthaman was flanked by a government official and members of the military as he waited at the crossing with india. his release was expected in the early afternoon. after many hours of delays, the gates finally opened. the pilot, who had fought for his country for 16 years, was back on home soil. this video was broadcast on pakistani tv. it is unclear whether he was speaking under duress. many indians say it is nothing more
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than political propaganda. now, this all comes, of course, after weeks of escalating tension between the two nuclear neighbours. the events here will have dampened down some of those tensions, but it doesn't take away from some of the underlying issues between two nations. for decades, the two countries have clashed over the disputed area of kashmir. both lay claim to it, but both only control parts of it. two weeks ago, a suicide attack in india—administered kashmir claimed the lives of a0 indian soldiers. a militant group based in pakistan claimed responsibility. india accuses pakistan of harbouring terror groups, and at a rally ahead of upcoming elections, the country's prime minister, narendra modi, said india would return the damage done by terrorists. today, pakistan's foreign minister told the bbc any further escalation would be suicidal. tonight, celebrations continued after the return of a man being hailed a hero. the events of today might have brought india and pakistan back
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from the brink of war, but peace here remains fragile. hina rabbani khar is the former foreign minister of pakistan. shejoins me now from lahore. thank you so much for your time. first of all, why do you think imran khan made the decision to release this indian pilot and an olive branch decision? i think it is because if you look at the first decade, almost, and certainly the last few weeks and months, and perhaps ever since modi government sent him in, you see a very different temperature and mood towards india and pakistan than you do vice—versa, towards pakistan. in pakistan, no government or political party wa nts pakistan, no government or political party wants to use this, you know, asa party wants to use this, you know, as a political weapon. hatred for
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india is no more spewed in pakistan as state policy. unfortunately you see this whole aggressiveness which is in the media houses, among the anchors, among policymakers, among politicians, retired army generals, which is coming our way from india, andi which is coming our way from india, and i think we need tojust com pletely and i think we need tojust completely change this environment. and therefore when the prime minister announced this decision of releasing the pilot on the floor of the national assembly, in a joint session of the parliament, we all welcomed it, because we want to move towards de—escalation, and finally towards de—escalation, and finally towards normalisation, and some long, long do you real intensive dialogue to be able to resolve the ongoing and existing and years old dispute, including the disputed territory of kashmir that we have between the two countries, which brings us to the brink of war every 110w brings us to the brink of war every now and then. could there be any sort of personal cost, though, for imran khan should modi choose not to
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reach out and take this olive branch? look, i think i reach out and take this olive branch? look, ithinki have been trying to make this comment in pakistan and also make this point over here, we cannot react to this india which is a belligerent, aggressive india. we have two really continue to tread our past through which we want to seek peace and security and stability in this region. this region has suffered far too long because of this ongoing conflict between two nuclear states. how very, very dangerous is this escalate very language that prime minister modi has enforced on pakistan, because as you know, our international boundary was entered upon, which is by any you could talk about the un charter, international law, exceptionally wrong, illegal, and moving towards an escalation towards a final conflict which neither the world nor the region,
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certainly not these two countries, can afford. as you say, there is this ongoing tension between the two countries. are we seeing a different sort of leadership with imran khan, an attempt to perhaps change the status quo? look, ithink an attempt to perhaps change the status quo? look, i think all political leadership, including the pakistan people's party, and their opponents, of course, is on the same page. i think the messages from pakistan have inconsistently towards peace negotiations and resolution, and what we call uninterrupted and uninterruptible dialogue and what we call uninterrupted and uninterru ptible dialogue with and what we call uninterrupted and uninterruptible dialogue with india to be able to resolve issues. i don't think we find it in our interest to let the conflict continue, and therefore you see a com pletely continue, and therefore you see a completely different sense throughout this conflict. you saw a very different temperature, a very different... and a mature reaction from pakistan to this escalation, which was quite clearly imposed upon us. which was quite clearly imposed upon us. thank you so much for your time.
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scientists have begun the first ever exploration below the surface of mars. nasa landed a robotic probe called insight on the red planet late last year, and after several months of checks and preparations, today they began the research in earnest. our science editor david shukman reports. it is a mission to mars like no other, a fiery descent last november, that unfolded exactly as planned in this nasa animation. it is a hazardous journey that others have made before, but this time, the spacecraft touching down on the surface has a uniquejob. so, for mission control, getting there was a huge relief. touchdown confirmed. applause amid all the celebrations, they've been checking everything is working, so the science can begin.
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nasa is not the only team exploring mars, others are busy there as well. amazingly, there are six spacecraft in orbit around the red planet, taking pictures and gathering data — three from america, two from europe, and one from india. but only nasa has successfully got robotic missions down onto the ground itself, and the latest to touch down is very different from the ones that have gone before. called insight, here it is, it's getting its power from solar panels, like the others, but it has a completely new kind of mission. not investigating the surface of mars, but what's inside it instead, and it's doing it with some very clever instruments. a sensor placed on the ground is detecting seismic activity, tremors from volcanoes, for example, to build up a picture of the internal structure of the planet. and a special kind of drill has another role — to burrow underground, the deepest ever attempted on another world, five metres down, to measure the heat flowing up from the interior.
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it is all part of trying to understand what has happened to mars, how it formed at the same time as earth, but then ended up so very different. one of the key instruments, a seismometer, was designed and built in britain, at imperial college london and oxford university. a highly sensitive device that can pick up the slightest tremor, to help create a snapshot of the interior of mars. this is what the wind really sounds like on mars, the first time anyone has heard it, picked up by the spacecraft soon after it landed. the hope now is that, with all the instruments ready, there'll be a lot more discoveries to follow. david shukman, bbc news. before we go, let's take you back to the live scene in hanoi, in vietnam, this is the train station where kim jong—un, the north korean leader's train is waiting to whisk him away
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back to north korea. is meeting with the vietnamese prime minister for the vietnamese prime minister for the end of his trip, and of course this is off the back of his summit with donald trump, the us president, the second meeting between the two. stay with us on bbc news. hello. the record warmth of the past week has gone, but it still won't be cold for the time of year this weekend, but it will be wet at times and it will be very windy at times too, even stormy in places. one area of low pressure passes close by on saturday. another rapidly deepening area of low pressure will come in on sunday, so spells of wind and rain. it's this second system on sunday, named by the met office as storm freya to raise awareness of potential impacts, that's going to pack the biggest punch, if you like, and we'll get to that in a moment. saturday starts perhaps a a little damp still across easternmost parts of the uk, with overnight
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rain clearing away. no frost around, plenty of cloud, maybe the odd mist and fog patch to the north—west initially. and then many of us will brighten up for a time. but remember that first area of low pressure. here comes the rain from it quite quickly into northern ireland, then western scotland and parts of wales, and all of that will push further east as we go through the evening. so if you're not wet by day, you will eventually see some rain out of it. now, the winds start to strengthen too. these are average speeds. gusts will be stronger. for northern ireland into western and northern scotland, could see some gusts in excess of 50 mph here. still double—figure temperatures across much of the uk. now, going into saturday night, it's the western isles that could well see some gusts up to around 70 mph, plenty of heavy showers rattling through north—west scotland, snow through the higher hills, maybe some rumbles of thunder. whilst many other places will turn drier, the rain never really clears from southernmost counties of england. and this is as storm freya comes in on sunday, initially with some wet weather pushing northwards, though there's some uncertainty about how far north that will get.
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now, how much of northern ireland and scotland will see the rain from this — may not be too much in northern scotland, there'll be a few showers around, but all the while the winds are going to be strengthening as well. that's the second part of storm freya — first the rain, then the wind, as the deepening area of low pressure takes a track right across the uk, with the strongest winds on the southern flank. and that brings them really across parts of england and wales, where the met office has this yellow warning area. so it will be turning windier, particularly towards the end of sunday, into sunday night. initially around some irish sea coasts, the coast of south—west england, 60—70 mph gusts, maybe up to 80 in a few spots, and elsewhere through that warning zone, some gusts of 50—60 mph as storm freya moves east. but there's still some uncertainty about the detail here, so still keep watching if you've got plans on sunday. all starts to push away on monday, just to a few showers and lighter winds.
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