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tv   Inside Out  BBC News  March 10, 2019 4:30pm-5:00pm GMT

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hello this is bbc news. this is bbc news, i'm shaun ley. the headlines... the headlines at 5pm. a passenger plane has crashed in ethiopia, killing all 157 people on board, a passenger plane crashes in ethiopia, killing all 157 people on board, including seven british citizens. including seven british citizens. the foreign secretary, jeremy hunt, has warned mps that if they get crucial votes wrong this it came directly from the sky, week, they risk losing brexit. downwards. we heard a huge explosion, there was no fire before trees have been brought down it crashed but once it crashed, we and a supermarket roof has been saw a huge cloud of smoke. ripped off after strong winds battered southern england and wales. hen harriers, the rare bird of prey, the foreign secretary, jeremy hunt, warns mps that if they get crucial are being deliberately ta rgetted and killed, votes wrong this week according to the rspb. they risk losing brexit. cars are crushed by scaffolding the aston villa footballer jack grealish has been and a supermarket roof is ripped off attacked by a spectator as strong winds batter during the game against local southern england and wales. rivals birmingham city. aston villa footballer, jack grealish, is attacked by a spectator — as his side play now it 5 time for inside out. local rivals birmingham city. this week we re in the south west of england reporting on the battle and in six nations rugby, for devon's airspace, ireland beat france in dublin — and the debate over changes we'll have full details of that game and the rest of today's sporting to the women's pension age. blue sky, light cloud,
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a perfect day for gliding. the parachute makes me slightly anxious but you say i don't need to worry about this. you don't need to worry about the parachute. i didn't think we were going parachuting so i hope we're not. it's all part of our safety equipment. but clubs like this one near exeter fear they could be squeezed out so we're constantly looking around, if you see another aircraft glider, you tell me about it. what about these? that's the parachute. just these ones here i showed you earlier. i head up there to find out if there's really enough room for everyone. we all want to stay safe, we?re all here to keep everybody safe but we still want to enjoy this part of the world. and where we fly from. when ann met eve. thank you. who's to blame in the row over at the women's state pension age? i'm not convinced about
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the letters, i'm really not. you say i'm dismissive, you're dismissive. five million letters don't matter. and an inside out south west investigation, years after lead paint was banned for diy, why is it still decorating tableware? well, look at that. would you drink from this glass? certainly not now, not long—term, no. gliding is a growing sport. the devon and somerset club in dunkeswell is the largest in the south west with 200 members. i'm about to go on my first flight with pilot stuart procter. i'm a nervous passenger. gliders don't have engines. we're being towed up and will stay up by seeking out rising air currents known as waves or thermals.
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obviously being a glider we're using the energy so we can't just climb and descend. we have to go where the energy takes us, really. so there's different routes that you take and a lot of them are dependent on thermals coming up from the ground. that's right. we can't predict what the day is going to be like. we can't predict what direction it's going to be in. and that's a potential problem. not far from the club's base is exeter airport. with 900,000 passengers coming and going, it can get pretty busy up here. as things stand, we could fly right across the final approach routes for passenger aircraft preparing to land. if they didn't know who i was, they would have to route the airliner out of the way of us. the club has an agreement to call in to the airport and get the all clear first but not
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all recreational aircraft do and they don't have to. no—one can argue with air safety. if you had your family on an airliner now you would want to know that they're looked after and the same would do for myself. so are you a potential hazard to them then? no, they know where we are and it's a case of giving enough space around us so we can continue doing what we want to do and they can fly safely and know that we're not in their way really. exeter is one of the uk's busiest airports without an exclusion zone that extends well beyond the airfield itself. such controlled airspace helps keep light aircraft like us well out of the way of commercial ones. the airport is now in the process of applying to the civil aviation authority for controlled airspace. the airport told the caa the current situation is tolerably safe but that it's operating in a difficult environment which has led
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to reportable safety events between unknown aircraft and aircraft arriving and departing to and from exeter. it also warns there have also been occasions where the prevalence of unknown traffic operating within the vicinity of the airport could easily lead to a degradation of safety margins. which sounds concerning, but the airport told us controlled airspace would add an additional layer of safety. but general aviation users in the area have a sinking feeling feeling about what airspace the airport will want. nice landing. jill and pete harmer have been gliding for 60 years between them. ——jill and pete harmer have been
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gliding for 80 years between them. we all want to go on holiday in a commercial aircraft so we are concerned about safety but we just want to work together. what we don't want is the grab of even more airspace that they don't really use. exeter airport first applied to caa for controlled airspace in 2017. the caa agreed it was needed but turned it down. it said there would be a significant impact on other airspace users. exeter basically wanted too big a chunk of sky. exeter is now re—applying and a decision is expected in 2020. in the meantime, its submission has raised questions over the impact of uncontrolled airspace on those who have to supervise it, the air traffic controllers. former air traffic controller mike mora says, for him, the strain was too much. you feel that something serious is in some ways out of your hands because you can't provide the pilots
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with the safety they deserve especially when they're carrying passengers. mike worked at exeter airport for 30 years. in january 2015, the primary radar was down. as required, mike notified aircraft and told them reduced service was available. an aeroplane was coming in to land. the pilot made a comment to me about a glider and it was passing very close. you're aware when the primary radar is working of a lot more aeroplanes in the sky showing and without that functioning, you are not able to provide what is on the display. you're never quite sure of what's out there. the radarjust showed one and there was two there, there was a second aircraft. in this incident a flybe aeroplane carrying 78 passengers came within 300 to 500ft of an unknown aircraft. the pilot declared the risk of collision as high. although an independent
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investigation recorded it as a less dangerous "late sighting". mike says the incident triggered post—traumatic stress disorder and he no longer works at the airport. exeter airport told us that in the past ten years there had been no events where there had been a risk of collision. and, technically, that's true, but between 2009 and 2016 air traffic controllers at exeter kept a log of their routine work. and we've got a copy. it shows there were at least 600 occasions where they had to intervene to keep aircraft a safe distance from each other. the comments indicate the pressure some of them felt doing the job.
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0ne incident was having to turn a passenger plane towards another aircraft because there was so much air traffic and at least they could talk to each other and there were instructions. it says, "funny when you look back at it but bloody scary at the time." another comment says atc asked a general aviation pilot for help to apply a margin of separation, however the pilot reminded air traffic control he can basically do what he wants, the note adds: "we need class d" which is controlled airspace. exeter airport told us its airspace was safe and operates in accordance with stringent caa regulations. it said controlled airspace would reduce the number of times air traffic controllers were required to intervene. nationally, our skies are being stretched to the limit. there's an increasing number of flights and, to cope with this, the caa has launched a strategy to redesign the invisible structure of the airspace above us. the aim is to make it accessible to more users, not fewer. do you think it's possible for general aviation and commercial aviation to co—exist? yes, of course.
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it is? yes, we just need to agree what we're doing on particular days. it's all about talking to each other, really. they call themselves waspis and they say they weren't given enough warning about changes to the state pension age. as lisa has been finding out, their campaign's still got plenty of sting in its tail. in sunny south devon, a storm is brewing. two women are getting
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together for tea. but this is no party. this is high noon. eve wignall is the host. she's got something in common with her guest, they've both rubbed shoulders with the rich and famous. eve's a makeup artist who's spent a0 years working on big—name films and tv shows. now entering her seventh decade she is ready to kick back a little. doing up to 16 hours a day at this age, i'vejust turned 60, ifind quite difficult. because as i get older, ifind doing the very long hours quite tricky now. absolutely really knackered at the end of a long shoot. my priority is me and my health now. but something's happened that's hard to swallow. instead of retiring this year as she'd expected, she's got to try and work on until at least 2023. and of course, you get towards 60
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and you know you're not going to retire but you know you can't always do what you've always done. so, you know, it's an exhausting, frightening trap you're suddenly in because we didn't know that these plans were not going to work out. what do we want? pensions! when we want it? now! millions of women born in the 19505 who had planned to retire at 60 now won't get their hands on a state pension for another five or six years. and some of them are very angry indeed. they say by the time they found out, it was too late to prepare. it does feel a bit, well, very cheeky, after women have paid for a0 years to then be told you're not getting anything. i have a problem with that because no government should be able to do what it wants when it wants and just do a cash grab of older people's money they've worked for.
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it's not the right time to start removing our money, it really isn't. but there's not much that brits can't settle over a cuppa. so we arranged for eve to meet the very person who instigated the pensions change. a woman known for her staunch views and her two left feet in a certain bbc ballroom dancing show. i hope she doesn't think i'm going to have a go at her, it's just i want to know how it's all evolved that people didn't know they won't getting their pension. hello. hi, are you eve? i am, come in. good to see you. thank you. as pensions minister in the 19905... got lots of cakes and things downstairs. really?
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..ann widdecombe was tasked with equalising the state retirement age for men and women. you know, i made my plans on retiring at 60 and it's the fact that i didn't know, and i didn't know. that i really don't understand because i was the pensions minister who began the process. first of all, we had a big public consultation which received an enormous amount of press coverage. it formed part of the election promises that we made. my recommendation was that we would move from 60 to 65, and that was hugely well—known, and i know because of all of the letters i got in from ordinary members of the public saying, "i don't want to work longer." so i think that women are now saying that they didn't know, whether you like it or not. i know they are saying but they have no reason not to know. we sent out five million letters between 2011—2013. five million darn letters! did you get one?
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no. five million! but its 3.8 million affected and some guys. we sent five million. i think age should come down not up. how do you imagine the state is going to afford, year in, year out, year in, year out, for us to retire, five years younger than all the rest of the world has retired? when that pension age was set, as you yourself said, after the first world war, the first world war, you were darn lucky if you got to 75. we've now got 15,000 centenarians in this country and, i'm sorry, i'm going to be very blunt here — it is unreasonable, self—indulgent and entitled to think that you can retire at the same age with a much longer life expectancy at the state's expense. i'm not saddling the current generation with that and nor should you want to. scones out, round two.
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i think they feel really abandoned by this government. it's about the government's response to these women and what help other —— are they going to get to go forward to get work? successive governments have done their best. and i said that about the labour government as well as the conservative one. i still think they could have done a lot more to inform us, i'm not convinced about the letters, really not. waspi sites, you see it all time, i didn't know, i didn't know. you say i'm dismissive, but you're dismissive, 5 million letters don't matter. no, no, i'm sure. five million people. i've just never met someone who got one yet! five million people. ann's right, there were more
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than five million letters sent out. but eve's got a point too. in 2016, the work and pensions select committee said successive governments had not done enough to make women aware. and information campaigns were too little, too late for many. for eve, there's been tea, but no sympathy, or even a crumb of comfort. it's the nation's favourite pastime. diy. although not mine. you've got to take precautions, but there are some dangers it's hard to spot. household paint used to contain lead but that was banned back in the ‘80s because lead is so toxic. which makes jenny's findings in our next investigation quite extraordinary.
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i'm off to meet a man whose made a bit of a name for himself finding nasty things in everyday objects. and he's based right here at the university of plymouth. environmental scientist dr andrew turner has done a lot of work on the impact of contaminated plastic in our oceans, but he's also got a bit of a thing about heavy metals sneaking into our homes on everyday objects. using toxic chemicals in any walk of life is not recommended and it just means that there is more going to be introduced to the environment, more of a hazard to human health and more that may end up in recycling stream. andrew is an expert in hunting out products we should avoid. well, these are things we've been testing over the past few months and in particular we're looking for hazardous elements
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in the enamelled paints, the coloured paints on the outside. in the past, andrew has tested the paint and glaze on a wide range of glasses. not all contained hazardous chemicals. but lead was found in more than 70%. a similar proportion had cadmium, a chemical which has been linked with cancer. long—term lead exposure has been linked to things like brain damage, kidney disease, dementia and even the crime rate. given the known risks, we wanted to see what's in products still on sale today. all of these glasses have been bought from well—known retailers this year. some of the glasses we tested were decorated to appeal to children. paint with heavy metals is allowed on glassware. but if the decoration's close
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to the rim, it shouldn't come off under normal use. if the paint‘s away from the lip area, the health risks are deemed to be lower. back at the lab, the tests are under way. what's it doing, what's it looking at? the instrument is firing x—rays at the sample and the x—rays that come back are indicative of what's in that particular substance. this glass, not made by disney but manufactured under license by a third party, has paint right up to the rim. we bought it from amazon. so we see here there's a lot of cadmium, this is quite a toxic element which is a known carcinogen. there is no safe level effectively. this one, where the paint is below the lip area, came from the plymouth—based chain, the range. we see the immediate thing here is that there is an awful lot
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of lead in this one, and also a very large amount of cadmium in there. how surprising is it to see that much? well, that is one of the higher ones, i must admit, so that is quite a surprise. on this tesco glass, the decoration is below the lip area not quite as bad as the last one but still a concern, we've got quite a lot of cadmium as well, so a similar pattern, we get these two metals in most of the glassware that we test. this glass bought from asda, also turned up an interesting result, nothing hazardous was found in the paint. it tells us that there are safer alternatives and you can manufacture them. the university of bristol's dr caroline taylor is an expert
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in the effect heavy metals can have on children and pregnant women. she says low levels of exposure over a long period can have an impact — for example, on children's intelligence. whilst they're in your body, they can have bad effects on your neurodevelopment of a child, that means the development of a child's brain and nervous system, but it's very unlikely you'd notice those effects in one child, but over a whole population over thousands and thousands of children it could be that there would be a small change in iq and that's very important for big populations and the whole country. if the whole country has a slightly lower iq, it means we have a population which is not so able to work to their potential. the products from tesco and the range did not have decoration in the lip area. tesco told us all their glasses comply with eu and uk regulations. they said this particular glass has been independently tested and complies with voluntary safety sta nda rds. the supplier of the glass sold by the range told us
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the product complied with relevant safety standards. the range said they'd removed the glasses from sale as a precaution whilst further investigations were carried out. but dr taylor questions why paint containing such chemicals needs to be used on glassware at all. it's increasingly felt that there are no lower limits for the amount of lead or cadmium that children should be exposed to and really i feel that there's no need for there to be this kind of paint to be on glasses so why are we taking unnecessary risks? but what of the glass with paint right up to the rim? this is the acid test. this chemical is used in food testing to mimic the effects of things like wine, fizzy drinks and fruitjuice. the glass is left to soak for 2h hours to replicate long term use.
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look at that. that is a lot to come off a single piece of glassware towards the lip area as well. would you drink from this glass? certainly not now, not long term because that is a measure of a long term ingestion potential. the material that's come off contains cadmium. i don't think i've come across one quite as bad as that. the amount that's been removed from the top area. you can see the difference in the material you can see immediate in the colour as well. long term exposure to fizzy drinks and fruit juice isn't the only way heavy metals can come off glasses. andrew found that over time dishwashing and stacking can also cause the paint to flake. we contacted amazon about our findings and they immediately withdrew the product from sale.
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the supplier says it's carrying out an internal investigation. that's just one product, we found a number of other similar looking items being sold online. why are these products being sold in the first place? i've put a call in to an expert. mark gardiner from the charter trading standards institute is a product safety specialist. mark, the thing i don't understand is why have we got these products on sale? in terms of product safety, the legislation is clear — if a product presents an intolerable risk of harm to people then it isn't permitted, if there is the risk of people ingesting lead or cadmium and it may end up in their bodies then that is not a tolerable risk of harm and a corrective action needs to arise out of that. do you think that there should be further testing? definitely, if the chemicals are present in the products then there needs to be further work done
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to determine what the risk level is. the food standards agency said anyone worried about their glassware should tell their local council. we reported our findings to all the watchdogs involved in product safety. that's all for now. join us again next week for more stories and investigations from where you live.
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very strong winds and snow have been causing travel problems today. still some very strong causing travel problems today. still some very strong winds through the rest of the day, between a0 and 50 mph, even higher in exposed coasts and hills. tricky travel conditions. the latest on bbc local radio. snow tonight over high ground in scotland and northern england, wintry showers could bring hail and thunder. quite a cold night with temperatures only just above freezing. the winds start to ease down but we will still see gusts of 30 mph by tomorrow morning, perhaps higher in exposed coasts and hills. tomorrow, high pressure builds so any wintry showers will start to ease but there will be showers building to the west. gale force winds through the rest of the week, further spells of heavy rain
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but also some dry and brighter spells.
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