i'm kasia madera with bbc world news. our top story. a day of mourning has been declared in ethiopia after a plane crash killed all 157 people on board. i'm rico hizon in singapore. the boeing 737, owned this is newsday on the bbc. by ethiopian airlines, the headlines: was carrying passengers from more than 30 countries. recovery teams search it came down shortly after taking through the wreckage of an ethiopian airlines plane that off from the capital addis ababa. crashed shortly after take—off, killing all 157 on board. syrian forces backed by the us have begun their assault on the last enclave held by so—called islamic state. most of the group's supporters have now surrendered to kurdish forces. families and fighters leave the islamic state group's last this story is doing well online. stronghold in syria, as the final assault by western—backed forces begins. it's the moment a deer we have a special report. was rescued from an icy pond at pittsburgh zoo. one of the keepers plunged into the water to help. luckily the animal was able to get i'm babita sharma in london. also in the programme, out and returned to its herd. india braces for the world's biggest election. 900 million could vote next month, as prime minister narendhra modhi seeks a second term. that's all. stay with bbc world news. and women behind the wheel. the new australian taxi app putting now on bbc news, stephen sackur is in
the bbc radio theatre with a special edition of hardtalk. passenger safety first. good morning. it's 7:00am in singapore, midnight in london and 3:00am in addis ababa, where monday is a day of mourning for the 157 passengers and crew of an ethiopian airlines plane which crashed shortly after take off. the plane, a boeing 737 max—8, is the same make and model as the lionair plane that crashed in october off the coast of indonesia. alastair leithead has the latest. there is very little left
of ethiopian airlines flight 302. this is where it crashed, just minutes after take—off. there were 149 passengers and eight crew on board. from the relatively small area of debris, aviation experts believe it would have plunged vertically into the ground and exploded on impact. translation: it came directly from the sky downwards. we heard a huge explosion. there was no fire before it crashed, but once it crashed, we saw a huge cloud of smoke. the flight, bound for nairobi, took off from the ethiopian capital, addis ababa, at 8:38am in the morning local time. but, just six minutes later, it disappeared off the radar. it crashed near the town of bishoftu, just 37 miles from the airport.
the cause isn't known, but the pilot reported a problem and asked to turn back. those awaiting its arrival in nairobi at first saw only that the flight had been cancelled. then came the terrible news. after a few hours, the airline released details of the nationalities of those on board. there were people from 35 different countries. 32 passengers were kenyan, 18 were canadian, and seven were from the uk. in south london, ben kuria heard this afternoon that his father, joseph waithaka, who has dual british and kenyan citizenship, was among the dead. i found out that nearly everybody had passed away, and it was just a frantic rush to work the phones, kind of to try and get any information that we could get. the aircraft was brand—new. ethiopian airlines, the continent's is the most successful operator, received its first max—8 lastjune. the plane that crashed was only delivered in november, four months ago. it had flown up from johannesburg that morning. it was the same type of aircraft purchased
life lionair which crashed off indonesia last october, with the loss of 189 passengers and crew, also shortly after takeoff. bowen said it was deeply saddened, and with its technical team, was ready to provide assistance. while all thoughts are with the families of those killed, work has already begun to find out what caused the crash. the us federal aviation authority says it will be involved in the investigation. alistair leithead, bbc news, nairobi. later on in newsday will be looking at more details about the lionair crash in indonesia several months ago. stay with us for that, because it was the same type of aircraft. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. algeria's ailing president abdelaziz bouteflika has flown back to the country. mr bouteflika, who's 82, is rarely seen in public, after having a stroke in 2013.
he'd been receiving medical treatment in switzerland. there have been major demonstrations across algeria after president bouteflika announced that he's standing for fifth term in office. teachers and students have been on strike and many shops have been closed, as protests continue. russians have been protesting in moscow against plans to give the kremlin the capacity to isolate the country's internet service from the rest of the world. activists say fifteen thousand people took part, double the police estimate. the russian government says the digital sovereignty bill passing through parliament will reduce the country's reliance on servers in the united states; critics call it increased censorship. venezuela is suspending schools and business activities on monday as a blackout continues. some parts of the country have now been without power for 72 hours, and there's no indication of when it might be restored. there've been reports of sporadic looting in the capital, caracas. a woman who stepped over a barrier to take a selfie at a zoo in the us state of arizona has been attacked by a jaguar.
when she tried to photograph herself with the big cat, it clawed her through the fencing, leaving deep gashes on her arms. the wildlife world zoo director said people shouldn't cross the barriers, and that the animal wouldn't be put down. the defence case begins today in kuala lumpur for one of the two women accused of killing with a toxic nerve agent kim jong—nam, the estranged half—brother of north korea's leader kim jong un. siti aisyah and doan thi huong both deny the charges and could face the death penalty if found guilty. let's cross live to kuala lumpur, where are southeast asia correspondentjonathan where are southeast asia correspondent jonathan head where are southeast asia correspondentjonathan head joins us from outside the high court. what are we expecting the vietnamese defendant to say? well, we are expecting our to support her defence
position, which is that although she and this indonesian defendant, siti aisyah, were both involved in smearing the nerve agent on kim jong—nam, she was the second is to do it, so what the prosecution have said is that they believe the indonesian defendant initially put a precursor on. it is too dangerous to handle as an element on its own, this nerve agent, and then doan thi huong smeared on the second activating agent on kim jong—nam's face at the port. that turned it into vx nerve agent. —— airport. we are expecting her to read a statement in vietnamese which will be translated, where we expect to explain that she was recruited by what we now know to be korean agents, but she thought they were agents, but she thought they were agents for a tv show and she was carrying out televised pranks. she comes from quite a poor background, and to explain that at no point did she ever understand that she was actually taking part in an extraordinary political assassination. now, the prosecution
finished its case last year after calling more than 30 witnesses, and thejudge found calling more than 30 witnesses, and the judge found that there was reasonable cause to believe that the two women might well have known exactly what they were doing. he cited the fact that doan thi huong rushed to the toilet and washed her hands afterwards, which she was clearly instructed to do, and that must have suggested she knew she was handling something dangerous. it will be interesting to see how she explains that in this statement, and then of course she will be cross by both defence and prosecution. you we re both defence and prosecution. you were in hanoi earlier this month to cover the kim jong—un donald were in hanoi earlier this month to cover the kimjong—un donald trump summit. was there any sign that this case was raised with the north korean leader? no, not at all. quite extraordinary, when you think that there is a vietnamese woman on trial for her life here. it is a capital crime. she says essentially she was duped by north korean agents into carrying out this killing, but kim
jong—un was received in vietnam, the first visit by a north korean leader for 15 years, as a visiting dignitary with enormous pomp and formality. and there is no sign at all, in fact, formality. and there is no sign at all, infact, we formality. and there is no sign at all, in fact, we as journalists were warned by the vietnamese authorities not even to mention this trial, that if we did, the bbc would have its operations there for the summit shut down. which tells you that as far as vietnam is concerned, it does not wa nt vietnam is concerned, it does not want this trial to interfere with its relations with north korea. and i have to say, much the same would apply to malaysia. the malaysian government says it is now ready to reopen its embassy in north korea, having shut it down in the aftermath of this assassination. so this woman on trial behind me is very much on her own. there is no sign that her government in vietnam is giving her any real support. outside the high court in kuala lumpur, our southeast asia correspondent, jonathan head. us—backed syrian democratic forces have resumed their attack on baghouz, the so called islamic state group's last stronghold in syria.
is once had dreams of a global caliphate, but most of the group's die—hard supporters have now surrendered to kurdish forces. as is faces its final battle, civilians have been fleeing. they include yazidi women and children, who were enslaved by the group for years. earlier, the bbc was given an exclusive look inside baghuz. 0ur middle east correspondent quentin sommerville and cameraman jewan abdi have sent this report. this is the end of the road. beyond here, we were given a first look inside all that remains of the islamic state group's caliphate. is are close enough to shoot. under their black flag — it was raised only the day before — the diehards hold firm. improvised bombs are left behind, but the caliphate is reduced to squalid camps. no one knows how many remain inside.
the men of the syrian democratic forces wait for the final assault. just a mile away, is true believers meet their apocalypse. more than 12,000 supporters, including their children, gave up to kurdish forces in the last week. girl sings. the daughter of a french is fighter. this is not a lullaby, but a propaganda ballad. she sings of martyrdom and paradise. her extremist father was killed earlier this week. women shout. their hateful ideology, which brought terror here, still pollutes minds. allahu akbar! "go film the men", they scream, "we are the women of the islamic state, god is great", as they attack our camera.
hundreds of is fighters have been killed, but hundreds more have survived the battle to retake the last tiny village of baghouz. they are headed for kurdish prison. many of the islamic state supporters view the surrender not as defeat, but as only a setback. the is leadership told them to give up. the wives expect to see their husbands again, and those husbands expect to take up arms again. that leadership has already fled, and now all across northern syria, there are tens of thousands of hardcore is supporters being held together in camps and prisons, and they are waiting for what comes next. allahu akbar! 11—year—old amar from iraq told us he wants to be a jihadist. allahu akbar! adiba, a yazidi woman, is revealed casting off is oppression.
they burn the abaya she was made to wear. forcibly converted to islam, adiba was passed from one moroccan fighter to another. she says she suffered regular beatings, was raped and had a child. nearby, we meet her latest captor, ahmed. "she wasn't a slave", he says, "she lived with my wife and parents". he'd taken her after her previous ca ptor was killed. is committed a genocide against adiba's people. now her life begins again. and the nightmare caliphate ends. but here in syria, the islamic state group's people and its toxic ideology still cling on.
you're watching newsday on the bbc. still to come on the programme: after the ethiopian airlines crash — and the loss of 157 lives — we look into the plane's safety record. also on the programme, the world's biggest democracy announces dates for its general election. indian prime minister narendhra modhi seeks another term in office. the numbers of dead and wounded defied belief. this, worst terrorist atrocity on european soil in modern times. in less than 2a hours then, the soviet union lost an elderly sick leader and replaced him with a dynamic figure 20 years his junior.
we heard these gunshots in the gym. then he came out through a fire exit and started firing at our huts. god, we were all petrified. james earl ray, aged 41, sentenced to 99 years and due for parole when he's 90, travelled from memphis jail to nashville state prison in an 8—car convoy. paul, what's it feel like to be married at last? it feels fine, thank you. what are you going to do now? is it going to change your life much do you think? i don't know really. i've never been married before. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon in singapore. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: recovery teams search through the wreckage of an ethiopian airlines plane that crashed shortly after take—off, killing all 157 on board.
ethiopian has declared a day of mourning. syrian forces backed by the us have begun their final assault on the last enclave held by so—called islamic state. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. here's the international edition of the new york times with a story about china's largest oil and gas producer suspending some of its fracking operations. there have been several deadly earthquakes in china's sichuan province — prompting thousands of residents to stage a protest. they blame widespread drilling. the front of the business times has this on chinese insurers slowly but surely expanding into singapore. the article says china appears poised to use singapore as a springboard into the emerging markets of southeast asia, which have increasingly wealthy populations and a growing middle class. and the us edition of
the financial times has this: kim jong un casting his vote in north korea's elections. millions of north koreans are required to take part in the supreme people's assembly elections, in which they are only allowed to endorse the sole candidate. let's return to our top story, the ethiopian airlines crash in which all 157 passengers and crew have been killed. the aircraft, a boeing 737 max 8, is exactly the same model as the one involved in the lion air crash just off the indonesian coast five months ago. our transport correspondent tom burridge has more. debris recovered in october, when another boeing 737 max went down off indonesia.
the crash raised questions about automatic computer systems on board the aircraft, and whether pilots were properly informed about how the new plane had been modified. in the weeks after the crash, the authorities in america issued an emergency airworthiness directive about the 737 max. authorities believe a computer system designed to prevent the plane from stalling received incorrect data and put the plane into a nosedive. boeing later issued a warning to airlines to ensure pilots were aware of an override switch to deactivate the system. ryanair is due to deliver passengers on the 737 max next month. it's boeing's short—haul, fuel—efficient plane. it began commercial flights in 2017. some 11,500 of the 737 max have been ordered by airlines worldwide.
the 737 max which has been involved in the incident today is the latest version of this aircraft. it is very important to boeing as part of their portfolio of aircraft offered to airlines, and it's important to airlines because they want to build on the reliability of this model, and they want the 737 max because it offers much greater efficiency and payload capacity. it's far too early to say what caused the ethiopian airlines flight to crash. former and serving pilots i have spoken to say the crater and debris suggest it descended fairly vertically and at some speed. a modern aircraft crashing twice in six months is rare. airlines and passengers will want re—assurance. it's known as the largest democratic exercise in the world. india has announced the dates of its general election. more than 900 million people will vote in a rolling poll so large that it takes place over six weeks, votes will be counted on may 23. prime minister narendra modi is seeking re—election. india's recent military action in pakistan will play a part in the campaign, but there are other issues too that could affect the polls. the bbc‘s yogita limaye
reports from kerala. india's most powerful man. five yea rs india's most powerful man. five years ago, he won the biggest majority in nearly three decades. narendra modi enjoys an almost counter following in the country. and now, after a tense time for the people of india, he is protecting himself as the man who can keep the nation safe. —— projecting himself. it is going to be even more! this is a new india! this is an india that will have everybody‘s interests!
a new india! this is an india that will have everybody's interests!m response to this suicide bombing in kashmir, the country's air force launched strikes on what they said we re launched strikes on what they said were terror camps in pakistan. the strong action has boosted support for narendra modi. but national security is only one issue on the minds of the people. the prime minister's record on economic growth and cracking down on corruption has been questioned. one of his main rival -- been questioned. one of his main rival —— rivals comes from india's foremost political dynasty. he leads the country's oldest and one—time strongest party. the congress, though, suffered a humiliating defeat in 2014 and for the past five yea rs, defeat in 2014 and for the past five years, they have been trying to regain their influence. in 2019, we will have a government that will perform the things modi has not been able to. this fresh energy at the
congress rallies because the parties have seen some success in recent state elections but indian poles are about so much more than the two national parties. regional players are extremely popular and could make are extremely popular and could make a big difference to final results. more than 1800 parties are registered and hundreds of millions of people cast their vote. in the coming weeks, india's election authorities will need to prepare for authorities will need to prepare for a democratic event like no other in the world. yogita limaye, bbc news, kerala. and — you can keep up to date with india's election preparations on our website. you'll also find a guide to the issues that will influence whether prime minister, narendhra modhi secures a second term — that's all at bbc.com/news — or download the bbc news app. australia's only women—friendly ridesharing platform promises women safe transport without the fear of being harrasssed.
it's helped restore one disabled woman's trust in travelling after she suffered an accident and two sexual assaults. katy has been telling the bbc about the positive impact it has had on her life. hi, this is my guide dog and i have narcolepsy, albinism, and unstable pelvis, hip tear, complex regional pain syndrome. as a person who has low vision, there is a lot of trust that i need to give to others. lots of people have said it's a need and it's right. men can never worry about where they sit in a cab. women always have to think about where they are sitting in a cab. always have to think about where they are sitting in a cablj always have to think about where they are sitting in a cab. i have been sexually assaulted twice. the first was with a group of girlfriends who went into a store to grab something and left me in the
car with the nice grandfatherly figure who took advantage. car with the nice grandfatherly figure who took advantagelj car with the nice grandfatherly figure who took advantage. i started shebah because my daughter was at an age where she was noticing that there was a big difference in the way she was being treated by cabs. an uberdrivers way she was being treated by cabs. an uber drivers had not enough information about them to find them oi'i information about them to find them on facebook. one of her had had her face grabbed. i said well why aren't you complaining? she said he knows i live. ——he knows where i live. you complaining? she said he knows i live. ——he knows where i livelj realised i would actually have to start using taxis or rideshare which i had been avoiding like the plague because it's never been a good experience for me. given my history of assault and the joy of rideshare apps. of assault and the joy of rideshare apps, iwas of assault and the joy of rideshare apps, i was over rate. then one time i found the female rideshare app. i have been blessed to meet a lot of
wonderful women. i have met sam. i have also had kerry and kim. they are all wonderful. my dog likes sam. ican are all wonderful. my dog likes sam. i can feel the slightest wiggle through the handle which means he is excited. it feels a lot more like calling a friend and saying hey, can you pick me up and i will pay for petrol. have you done your nails today? yes. the grand vision is to be available for every woman who has ever felt scoured in a confined space with a man. since the accident, my world was pretty grey andi accident, my world was pretty grey and i had just about given up. shebah and the wonderful ladies have restored my faith in humanity and given me my host back. -- scared. you have been watching newsday. i'm kasia madera in london. and i'm rico hizon in singapore. stay with us. we wa nt we want to take you to kuala lumpur where we have the defence case
starting of one of two women who we re starting of one of two women who were accused of killing that half brother of kim jong—un. sunday morning started off on a wintry note. the far north and west had overnight sleet and showers. icy stretches on the road as you can see from this weather watcher ‘s picture. a different story across england and wales. yes, sunshine, but gale force winds strong enough at times to uproot trees. it looks as though the winds will be a key feature to our weather forecast throughout the week. potential for severe gales and also heavy rain, particularly tuesday into wednesday. but fingers crossed some dry and bright interludes. you can see a little bump of high—pressure building as we speak allowing for a quieter day today but waiting out in the wings another way that another
area of low pressure. on tuesday morning, we start with the risk of a few wintry showers which will ease through the morning. further north and west, is still a windy start but nowhere near as strong as yesterday. they will be some sparkling sunshine. hires around 8— 11 degrees will feel more promising as the winds are more promising. —— highs. we will see strengthening in the far north—west as the area of low pressure m oves north—west as the area of low pressure moves in from the atlantic. it will bring significant rain, a couple of inches on west facing slopes and some strong— gale force winds. quite likely 40—50 gales —— mph. a spell of wet weather moves south and east, clearing from the south—east corner during tuesday afternoon. behind it, sunny spells and scattered showers. some of them again with hail and sleet and snow mixed in. as we move out of tuesday
and into wednesday, we could see the strongest of the winds overnight. to the southern flank of the low it d rifts off into the southern flank of the low it drifts off into the north sea, we could see a spell of severe gales and that is certainly worth bearing in mind. if you are going to be travelling on the roads in tuesday night and into the early hours of wednesday morning, it is worth bearing in mind and keep abreast of your weather forecast and your bbc local radio station will tell you if there is any disruption. as we move into wednesday, it looks as if the winds will slowly start to ease through the day. it will be a windy but showery day. i suppose the good news with the strength of the winds is that showers will rattle throughout quieter pace but after those severe gales, the winds will start to slowly abate as we go through the afternoon. temperatures will probably peak at 9— 11 degrees as the overall high. take care.