this is bbc news. lam iamjulian i am julian worricker. the headlines at 7.00: thousands attend vigils across new zealand to remember the victims of the mosque attacks — as the country's prime minister says her office received a message from the suspected killer minutes before the shootings. the relatives of the alleged gunman have spoken out to share their disbelief at what has happened. what he's done, it's just not right. it's irrepairable. we say sorry for all the families over there for the dead and the injured. the chancellor, philip hammond, says a significant number of conservative mps have changed their minds and are prepared to back theresa may's brexit deal if it went back to the commons for another vote. ethiopia's transport minister says there are "clear similarities" between black box data from last week's crash, and that of an indonesian lion air plane that
crashed last october. good evening and welcome to bbc news. new zealand's cabinet will meet in the coming hours to discuss changing the country's gun laws, after the attacks on two mosques in christchurch, which killed 50 people. as the country tries to come to terms with the massacre, schools are due to reopen and thousands of people have been attending vigils. let's now go to our colleague clive myrie in christchurch. hello from christchurch in new zealand, where thousands of people have been attending memorials and vigils to remember the 50 people killed in those two attacks on two
mosques in the city. investigations are continuing into exactly what happened and the prime minister herself has been paying respects at some of those memorial services where it has also been revealed her office received an e—mail minutes before the attacks began, outlining some of the far right hatred the attacker was known to follow. meanwhile, we have been getting more stories of heroism, fortitude and strength as a result of what happened here. grief has so many forms. but it's the one raw emotion that unites this country. among those mourning, a sports team whose goalie, atta elayyan, was cut down by the bullets. his coach today had this message for the man suspected of carrying out the terror attack. we're all one race, we're all human beings. we love each other, we have to love each other, otherwise this sort of rubbish happens. we have to love each other.
new zealand's prime minister has called on her country to stand against racism. jacinda ardern has confirmed that, on the day of the attack, her office was sent a document by brenton tarrant, spelling out extremist views. but she says there wasn't time to act. i was one of more than 30 recipients of a manifesto that was mailed out nine minutes before the attack took place. it did not include a location. it did not include specific details. two days after the shootings, the police are still combing christchurch for evidence. the scale of the crime scene here is enormous. days after the shooting, the police are still having to go street by street, searching for bullet shells. this is one of the areas
where the gunman took aim. khalad was in the mosque as the massacre unfolded. ten of his friends were killed. he watched as the gunman moved calmly from one to the next. my heart really... it's broken. he was shooting just my friend's daughters, five years old, he was shooting them from 15, 20 metres. just like, boom, boom. and shooting every people, boom, boom, boom. he's like an animal. he is not a man. he's not a man. but, remarkably, in some, grief has inspired very different feelings. i lost my wife. but i don't hate the killer. as a person, i love him. but i'm sorry, i cannot support what he did, but i think somewhere along in his life, maybe he was hurt.
under armed guard christchurch's hospital are still treating i2 critically ill patients. the chief surgeon says dealing with so many gunshot wounds has left his staff in shock. it's... it's a bit challenging for people. you know, we're all part of the community, and we're struggling with it as much as everyone else. 0pen, public moments of mourning are helping. in wellington today, 11,000 peoplejoined a vigil, sharing their sorrow, showing their resolve. hywel griffith, bbc news. the community here has come together in the wake of this tragedy. in defiance, it has to be said of the perpetrators of these attacks. special councillors will be in the
schools tomorrow, which will reopen for the first time since the attacks took place to offer support and offer guidance to some of the teachers and some of the children who may have been affected by this disaster. as time moves on we have been hearing stories of heroism and strength coming out of this tragedy, asi strength coming out of this tragedy, as i have been finding out. a police helicopter survey a scene of mass murder below. while on the ground, nearby, an armed response stands ready, just in case. members of christchurch's muslim community are gathering to volunteer. they must care for children now orphaned, help feed families that no longer have breadwinners, they must organise the burials of the dead. all this pain because of 30 minutes of madness. everybody was frightened. many caught up in the violence recorded the aftermath on their phones to bear witness. abdul aziz was in the linwood mosque.
there's blood all over the floor. that was next to my 11—year—old son. so that dead man, there... yeah, because he shot him through the window. when he was standing next to your son? yeah, yeah. his former co—children were praying at the time. his four children were praying at the time. they survived. abdul aziz tried to tackle the killer. when i ran outside, i saw two dead bodies on the floor. and i saw one man with army clothes near his car. i yelled at him, i said, who are you? i was swearing at him. i knew it wasn't an army personal something. so he was dressed in army fatigues, army clothing? yes, army clothing, everything army. he dropped his gun there and runs to his car. when he runs to his car, he saw i was chasing him with his own rifle. with his own shotgun. that he had discarded? yes, he discarded it on the floor. i just throw the shot gun on his car windows. and it smashed his window and that time he got a bit frightened.
the murderer got away, his twisted thoughts made real. all of the women were screaming and shouting. this woman ran for her life from the al noor mosque as the shots rang out. so many died around her. it's not easy. but you survived. when i think about the other one, her son was also hit... he got... he didn't make it. it's believed abu aziz‘s courage in taking on the killer helped save lives. 0ne ray of brightness on a dark day.
we are all gobsmacked, we don't know what to think. the media is saying he has planned it for a long time so he has planned it for a long time so he is not of sound mind, i don't think. it is only since he travelled overseas, i think, think. it is only since he travelled overseas, ithink, that think. it is only since he travelled overseas, i think, that that boy has changed completely from the boy we knew. we say sorry for all the families over there, for the dead and the injured. can't think nothing else, just want to go home and hide. the grandmother and the uncle of the man alleged to have been responsible
for so much pain here in this community. we understand there will bea community. we understand there will be a special memorial service taking place perhaps later in the week. the final details are being ironed out and the bodies of those who died will be returned to their family members around the middle of the week. perhaps then this community can begin to grieve properly over what has happened here. with that, it is back to you. clive myrie, thank you very much from christchurch. counter terrorism police have launched an investigation after a 19—year—old man was stabbed in surrey in a suspected far right attack. meanwhile, police in greater manchester have made four arrests, after three separate incidents of alleged hate crime in, which the new zealand mosque attack was mentioned. our home affairs correspdondent tom symonds is here with latest on both those incidents. what happened in surrey first of all? this was yesterday and what
happened was at about 10:30pm in the evening, the police had a call that somebody was being very aggressive, had a knife and a baseball bat. shortly after that, they had a call that a 19—year—old had been attacked. it has been reported eyewitnesses saw this 19—year—old in a carand the eyewitnesses saw this 19—year—old in a car and the attacker came up to him with a knife and he put his hand up him with a knife and he put his hand up to stop the attack and was injured in his hand. he is not in life threatening condition. this afternoon, the police have announced they are taking this on as a terrorism investigation. so counterterrorism policing is now taking over the operation. at a house in viola's avenue in stanwell, there is a big police operation going on right now. a car has been taken away in the last half an hour oi’ taken away in the last half an hour or $0. taken away in the last half an hour or so. police say that they believe this attack had the hallmarks of a
far right terrorist incident. and so, given we are days after what has happened in new zealand, a significant event. i mentioned arrests in greater manchester as well, so what happened there? those we re well, so what happened there? those were the ones in the early hours of this morning just after midnight. the taxi driver was being racially abused and threatened. police have arrested two people, a man and a woman in their 30s. they are being questioned. there have been a couple of cases of malicious communication is being investigated with links to and mentions of the new zealand gun attacks. an incident in oxford where overnight, or yesterday, graffiti appeared with swastikas and a phrase mentioning a youtube gamer, a popular guy who plays games on youtube and has a lot of following.
this was the same name the attacker in new zealand mentioned while carrying out his attacks. so a lot going on for the police to deal with in the wake of what has happened. thank you very much. dr elizabeth pearson is from the university of swansee and specialises in extremism, including the far—right. thank you for coming on. we have just heard examples of possible copycat incidents in the wake of what happened in christchurch, was that always your fear that something like this would happen?” that always your fear that something like this would happen? i think the evidence in the past is when we have an extremely traumatic, emotional event which involves violence, which is reported on worldwide, there is a spike in related events. ranging from, you mention incidences of hate crime and graffiti, to much more serious, violent events. so previous research shows that these kinds of
things are not unlikely. no, it wasn't a concern for me. i think i would caution generally about linking too much, these kinds of attacks and trying to sort of rap down some of the emotion that surrounds this, inevitably. it is pa rt surrounds this, inevitably. it is part of the aim of a terrorist attack, it is to ramp up emotion, to get media coverage and to put all the eyes on the perpetrator and on that event. what of the level of coordination, of organisation within the extreme far right movements. how would you characterise that? the extreme far right movements. how would you characterise that7m the extreme far right movements. how would you characterise that? it is really difficult to talk about, and the media is talking about and we do talk about the far right, the extreme right and the radical right.
a lot of things are going on i geologically when we look at these events we put under this umbrella term. we have groups, street movements that mobilise around the working class identity like the english defence league in this country. then we have new groups all the time on social media, the alt right, groups that are against women's rights, groups that are pro—women's right. lots of groups going on and they are not all the same. that is an important point to make. you mentioned the media, social media and the mainstream media, who clearly all have a significant responsibility at this time. how can they best exorcise them, do you believe? you have to cover these events, they are really important. the media is
transnational and new zealand impacts on people living in the uk, as we have seen. it matters. we have to recognise it is the local context which is the victim for the reasons people perpetrate this kind of crime. the media has a responsibility, given we know the ends of terrorism is to create publicity and it has responsibility to audiences to cover what is happening. we need to reassure the public that there has, for some time, been a focus on the far right in this country since 2011 that prevent counter radicalisation strategy. we heard last year there we re strategy. we heard last year there were numbers of referrals to the programme which is set up to de—radicalised people. in this country there has been a lot of work on the part of the home office to
deal with a lot of different ideologies. predominantly that is where we have seen the biggest and highest number of fatalities, but increasingly with the far right groups like national action, band and prescribed. we have seen, as i mentioned, new groups are merging all the time with different aims and different targets and ideologies. 0k, thank you very much indeed for coming on, doctor elizabeth pearson from the university of swansea. the headlines on bbc news... thousands of people attend vigils across new zealand to remember the victims of the mosque attacks — as the country's prime minister says her office received a message from the suspected killer minutes before the shootings. the chancellor, philip hammond, says a significant number of conservative mps have changed their minds and are prepared to back theresa may's brexit deal if it went back to the commons for another vote. ethiopia's transport minister says there are "clear similarities" between black box data from last week's crash, and that
of an indonesian lion air plane that crashed last october. senior cabinet ministers, including the chancellor philip hammond, have said theresa may's brexit deal won't be put to the vote again in the commons this week if she can't pursuade enough mps to change their minds. he said attempts to win over critics — including the democratic unionists were still work in progress. 0ur political correspondent ben wright reports. a second crushing defeat for the prime minister's brexit deal last tuesday. 75 tory mps rebelled and now with days to go before the uk is
meant to leave the eu, the government will try again, probably. we will only bring the deal back if we are confident enough of our collea g u es we are confident enough of our colleagues and the dup are prepared to support it so we can get it through parliament. we will notjust keep presenting it if we haven't moved the dial. the government needs to persuade dozens of tories and the dup to back the deal. some conservative mps have changed their mind and the rest are being warned of the consequences if they don't. if we don't get this deal through, we will have to fight a european parliamentary election, almost certainly going to have to have a longer extension. labour looks likely to back up plan to make its mps support the deal conditional on it being put to a public vote. theresa may's deal has been rejected twice by parliament. rumour has it she is bringing it back for a third time on tuesday and then a full time
if it fails. this is ridiculous. it has been beaten comprehensively and she must recognise we have got to do something different. parliament is where the agonies of brexit are playing out. theresa may hopes that one more heave might get this deal over the line and some tories are losing patience with the prime minister. it will be a failure of the prime minister if we end up fighting these european union elections. she promised to become prime minister to deliver what the 17.4 million people voted for. that is what she has to deliver. if she cannot do that, she has to go. 0utside parliament there is little sign of compromise. but inside there is with some tory mps talking to labour about an alternative to theresa may's deal if it doesn't pass. my sense is they want to see a sensible, soft brexit deal with the customs arrangements which secures frictionless trade and no border on the island of ireland. the house of
commons is charged, frenzied and tense. what unfolds on these benches in the coming days will shape the country for years. ben wright, in the coming days will shape the country foryears. ben wright, bbc news. there is still uncertainty whether this vote will take place? it had been assumed from what the government was saying last week at the dispatch box, including the prime minister they were going to bring this vote and the expectation was it would probably be tuesday. but the consistent message from cabinet ministers today is that a vote is not certain and as the chancellor said today, it is dependent on making sure the support is there. they don't want another defeat. but if it is postponed, where does that leave theresa may when she said about it passing with a short extension of the back of it? the certainty in the diary this week is the prime minister has to go to brussels for a european council meeting. she said last week she wa nted meeting. she said last week she wanted to go there with a deal in
her pocket and then she would ask for a three—month extension up to the end ofjune, to allow the uk parliament to pass all the legislation they need to that comes along with this withdrawal agreement. the implication is, if she can't do that, first of all she will get a pretty rough reception when she gets to that summit, but she will be in discussion with eu leaders about sort of extension the uk will need. ministers have been arguing for the last couple of days, the only one they think will be on the only one they think will be on the table will be an extension of up to two years. they hope that focus minds in westminster because the message from the european union seems to be, if you are looking at that, there is no way out of the european parliamentary elections that will be held towards the end of may, you will have to be in them. the focus is on the dup as well, of those who voted against it last time who might be looking in the opposite direction? there has been a trickle
of tory mps over the last two or three days saying, i don't like this deal, i hate it, i cannot stand the backstop and we don't have any of the assurances we wanted, but it is the assurances we wanted, but it is the only deal that will ensure brexit happens. there have been a number of them who have said that. i don't think that trickle is yet a flood. the decision of the dup will be critical. if they turn around in the next 24 hours and say we have had all the assurances we need to hear on how had all the assurances we need to hearon how in had all the assurances we need to hear on how in reality the backstop will play out in the future, we can back this deal. that will shift a lot of tory mps behind this deal. not all because i think they will remaina not all because i think they will remain a core that will remain opposed to this deal. i spoke to a tory mp today who said he would oppose the deal and he thinks 30 or 40 could still vote it down. these
are difficult numbers for the prime minister to overturn. they need all the rebels to back this deal and the dup for this to go through. if a core contingent remain opposed to it on the tory side they will need an equal number of labour mps to counterbalance it. at the moment, i am not sure those labour mps are there either. labour shifting at all in terms of what they might do this week, not necessarily on that deal, but on other aspects? labour is co nsta ntly but on other aspects? labour is constantly shifting around another referendum. labour has to get behind it if all other demands have failed. there will be an opportunity if the deal comes back for mps to vote on the wilson kyle amendment. two mps putting forward an amendment that makes a part of the prime minister's deal conditional on a ratification referendum later on. jeremy corbyn was saying today that he was minded to ask his mps to back that. what is less clear is if that passes, he would back the government's actual
motion to approve the deal. we will not know until we see the actual amendment itself, i don't think. there is tension between the labour leadership and the labour party members on this question of the amendment. labour leadership told mps to abstain from the vote on another referendum. that provoked a walk of five labour front benches. a large number of labour mps don't wa nt large number of labour mps don't want another referendum. even if we get to the point where there is a clear vote on whether there should bea clear vote on whether there should be a referendum or not and labour goes all in, there will be a sizeable number of labour mps he will not vote for it. clarity, there is not. i tried. will not vote for it. clarity, there is not. itried. plenty will not vote for it. clarity, there is not. i tried. plenty from you. thank you, ben wright.
ethiopia's transport minister says black box flight data indicates "clear similarities" between last week's crash of an ethiopian airlines 737 max and the same model flown by lion air, which crashed off the coast of indonesia in october. a preliminary report into last sunday's crash, which killed 100 and 57 people, will be released in about a month. which killed 157 people, will be released in about a month. warming air and sea temperatures are causing arctic glaciers to melt, and now the increasing rainfall is creating problems for animals, like reindeer. radio 4 today programme presenter martha kearney, has travelled to the region to see the effects of climate change, with british researchers. this former mining village has the feel of a frontier town in the wild west. 0ur posse headed out from the base on snowmobiles. i havejoined a convoy of scientists heading across the tundra towards a glacier — one of the most studied in the arctic. this is the edge of the original glacier where the ice
brought huge boulders down. but since 1900 it has been receding. we are heading towards its modern edge, a form of time travel. after a kilometre we reached the snout where the glacier now ends. so starting around 1900 the glacier was all the way down the bottom of this valley and it has been rapidly retreating up in the last 100 or so years. more so in the last 20 or 30. the kind of changes that we are seeing are happening all across the arctic. this is... this is an emblem of what is happening in other places. it has a big impact on sea level. here on the top of a glacier which is 5,000 years old you really do get a sense of the extent of the melting ice,
of climate change. but scientists across the arctic are worried about a new threat which they have noticed here as well. and that is growing rainfall. this microbiologist has been coming here for 12 years to study climate change. i willjust use this probe to measure the depth of the snowpack and identify layers of refrozen rainwater within the snow. it has gone in easily. i've hit a hard layer, that is one rain event. push through that and you can hear a hollow sound tapping onto a layer of refrozen rain. that is two now. through that... i think that is a third. and that is difficult to get through. the animals who live in the arctic, like reindeer, are suffering because of the increase in rainfall
which troubles bianca. what happens is that the rain ends up in the snow. and percolates down through and forms an ice barrier. it is impossible for small herbivores to get through so they can't eat and the population crashes. for her, like so many scientists who have devoted their lives to the arctic many of the new signs of climate change are mysterious and troubling. martha kearney, bbc news. now it's time for a look at the weather with sarah keith lucas. much of march so far has been stormy and unsettled with heavy rain. things are changing this week. drier weather for most of us and a bit more cloud and outbreaks of rain in the north—west at times. yesterday's area of low pressure is clearing out
towards the north—east. clear skies out there at the moment. clear skies particularly towards the east. we will see a dry spell of weather tonight and temperatures falling quickly. more cloud works into the west during the early hours of monday morning with a few spots of rain. sub zero temperatures in the countryside so a touch of frost first thing monday morning. sparkling sunshine which will hold on in the east throughout the morning. more cloud building in the afternoon here. in the western side of the uk there will be spots of rain. temperatures eight to 12 degrees, so a degree warmer than we have seen recently. goodbye. hello, this is bbc news.