tv The Week in Parliament BBC News March 18, 2019 2:30am-3:01am GMT
welcome to bbc news — broadcasting to viewers in north america several governments sent and around the globe. their representatives to mourn my name is reged ahmad. with the bereaved — our top stories: from neighbouring countries to as far away as russia. passengers from more than 30 new zealand's prime minister opens a book of condolence countries were on board for victims of the christchurch attacks — writing "together we are one. the ethiopian airlines flight they are us". from addis ababa to nairobi. she's been discussing changes in ethiopia, similar memorial to the country's gun laws ceremonies were held. with her cabinet. relatives wept and threw themselves on the coffins of victims at the holy trinity cathedral in the capital, addis ababa. some of the coffins contained what the public rightly are asking charred earth from the crash site, because it has not been possible right now is why is it and how is it to recover the bodies. families have been told it that you should and are currently would take up to six months able to purchase military style to identify the remains. semiautomatic weapons in new zealand. translation: what makes us depressed the owner of new zealand's biggest is the fact we didn't find any of her body parts. gun shop says his staff sold she was very brilliant, four guns to the alleged attacker — hope and future for her but not the semi—automatic weapon family and country. used. translation: she was very kind to people. i don't know how to describe her. we are broken and bruised deeply. he said he felt no it's very difficult to speak. responsibility for the shooting. these people do not yet know why the plane carrying their loved ones crashed so tragically. it may take a while
to get the answers. the ethiopian government has said the investigations into the crash will take time. ferdinand omondi, bbc news, nairobi. let's go live now to seattle where we can speak to dominic gates, who's the aerospace reporter for the seattle times. thank you so much for your time. first of all, i wondered what your reaction was to what we have been hearing about ethiopian saying those early findings on the ethiopian airlines crash are showing clear similarities with the lion air crash. while the latest news isn't a surprise. over several days we have been finding out similarities about the crashes. what they have now is the crashes. what they have now is the full flight data from the black box and that is just a cementing and solidifying the idea that there are similarities. we have already seen
the first three minutes of the ﬂight the first three minutes of the flight trajectory. that looks similar. they found a pleat does make peace of the plane that moves the horizontal tail, the jack through, and the position of that in the wreckage these things are all pointing to similarities with the lion air crash. so, unfortunately, yes, the full data is becoming available and there may be a common cause. you have been looking into how the 737 max eight was approved. what have been your findings? we had a front—page story this morning because i looked into the certification of the system that is now suspected as potentially causing both crashers. it is basically a piece of software that was inserted to move the horizontal tail in a
certain extreme case of a high—speed stall. and because of a faulty sensor stall. and because of a faulty sensor it is understood that in the indonesian crash that system activated repeatedly and brought the pain —— plane down. the pilots struggled against it and eventually lost. in may now look like the ethiopian plane may have had something similar. possibly a faulty sensor something similar. possibly a faulty sensor causing that. what my story looked out was how did the fa a year in the united states, how did they certify this system? the whole plane needs a certificate that it is safe to fly. i spoke to sources within the federal aviation administration and people, former people who had worked on the document and a system safety a nalysis worked on the document and a system safety analysis was done on that specific system, on all the moves the horizontal tail. and the system suspected in the crashers, the new
pa rt suspected in the crashers, the new part on the plane, was part of that system safety analysis. that analysis was done by boeing. it was delegated by the faa to boeing itself and they produced a report which my sources identified serious flaws in that analysis. so it is essentially self regulation. has boeing or the fa a comeback to you on this and themselves about their approach? not in response to this story. in fact they really did not respond to the detail at all. you have to understand that this delegation of the work to boeing is the way it is done now. the fa a delegates a lot of the work to boeing employees. there boeing
employees who are appointed, they are called authorised representation —— representatives of the faa. they work for boeing, they are paid by boeing but they report to the faa. the faa does not have the funding and resources to do this. it has been taken away over the years and they have been told by congress to delegate as much as possible unless there is some safety reasons why not to. in other words, the onus is on those with a safety concern otherwise it gets delegated to the industry itself, in this case boeing. briefly, tell us what you found that may have been wrong with boeing thinking this system was safe if indeed it isn't safe? the document that assessed the system safety, we identified, sources within the faa people who worked on
it identified three shortcomings. there was an inaccurate limits stated in the original document about how much the system could move the horizontal tail. that limit was quadrupled later on during flight tests but it looks like it was not communicated to the safety analysis tea m communicated to the safety analysis team at the faa. also perhaps even more importantly, the analysis that was done by boeing did not take account of the fact that the system would reset itself every time, when forced into a nosedive and the pilot counted it using trimmed switchers, it would kick in again immediately afterwards and on the indonesian ﬂight if afterwards and on the indonesian flight if pushed the nose down 23 times before it finally crashed. the analysis did not take account of that repeated multiple applications of the system. and finally... the
other important thing, it was triggered by a single sensor and that sensor was faulty. and the system analysis included a failure, an analysis of what a failure would do and that analysis concluded that this was so hazardous, it was technically labelled a hazardous failure, and that should have precluded the system being triggered. i have to ask you quickly about the news we are hearing that there will be some sort of investigation by the us department of transport into the faa's approval of transport into the faa's approval of the max eight. yes. i heard that myself tonight. yeah, well, the evidence i have seen is that this design was not safe. boeing itself seems to be admitting that now because it is creating a software patch to fix exactly the three
things i spoke about. it will be triggered by two senses, not one. it will limit the amount can move the tail, it will not operate multiple times. boeing has said untold legislation is —— legislators that thatis legislation is —— legislators that that is what it would do. to me that is an admission that those were fa u lts is an admission that those were faults in the system to start with. thank you so much for your analysis and boeing is obviously continuing to investigate what happened in the ethiopian airlines cash. a commander of the kurdish forces fighting islamic state militants in their last stronghold in eastern syria has told the bbc their operation has been prolonged to protect civilians. although tens of thousands of people have fled the enclave in the last two months, it's thought there are still large numbers of civilians inside. our correspondent aleem maqbool reports from the frontline in baghouz. in baghouz, the final battle ground, is fighters have been blasted into retreat, building by building. they've been rained on by missiles,
from the us—led coalition. but we're taken right to the front line, through the desolation, by the local forces on the ground, still in combat with them. so, these positions here were occupied by islamic state group fighters in just the last few days, they've been beaten back. their ever shrinking so—called caliphate state is nowjust a small area just around the corner of this building. if you peep around the corner, you can see the buildings they still occupy. but even though... even though they've been bombarded and pushed back and given lots of opportunities to surrender, it's very clear that there are some fighters who just won't lay down their arms. we got a sense of the squalor in which the is fighters and theirfamilies have been living, before they were forced on. the pitiful remnants of a new territory that attracted
thousands from around the world and brutalised so many others. everywhere was evidence of the battle that raged here. even explosives the militants never had the chance to deploy. with local forces, we went to a point where we could see movement and activity in what remains of the is camp. we saw militants in the tiny domain and riding motorbikes but we also saw families and young children. a kurdish commander told us he feared they were also still hostages being held inside the besieged camp. these men still go out in shifts of the front line and keep giving is fighters chances to surrender. there, one kurdish commander, who didn't want to be shown, told us he thought there were more than just militants there. and even at that distance, we ourselves saw is families,
including young children, still in the besieged camp. and those are the reasons why these men still go out in shifts, to the front line, to fight, and why this battle, to take the islamic state's group final stronghold, goes on. but at some stage soon those chances will run out. aleem maqbool, bbc news in baghouz, in syria. lets remind you of our story, that we have been covering over the last few days. counterterrorism offer a —— offices in australia have carried out two raids. security officials say the properties in new south wales are in town is just north of sydney. you suffer least that the primary aim of the activity is to formally obtain material that may insist new zealand police. stay with us here on bbc news. —— that may assist new zealand police. rescue workers in papua province in indonesia have rescued a five—month—old baby — trapped for hours in the rubble of a collapsed building after flash floods and landslides triggered by torrential rain swept through the region. at least 73 people have been killed across the province.
many areas still remain inaccessible as rescue teams are struggling to search for survivors. nga pham has more. they don't know his name, but his rescue was a small miracle. the baby was pulled out alive after being trapped for six hours under the damaged house of his parents. their whereabouts are unknown. the army has been mobilised to join the search and rescue efforts in the town of sentani, near the provincial capital jayapura. they are battling mud, rocks and fallen trees, looking for survivors. the death toll, however, is expected to rise. more than 4,000 people have been evacuated from the affected areas. heavy torrential rain caused flash
floods and landslides late on saturday. hundreds of houses and three bridges were badly damaged by the floods. the government has announced a 14—day state of emergency in papua. flooding is common in indonesia, especially during the rainy season from october to april. officials have warned that widespread deforestation is aggravating the risk of floods. let's look at some of the day's other news. the philippines has become the second nation after burundi to formally withdraw from the international criminal court. president rodrigo duterte took the decision after the court launched investigation into his government's deadly drug war, that saw thousands of people killed in police operations. the court says the proceedings will continue regardless, but mr duterte has said
he will not co—operate. residents near an oil refinery in houston, texas, are being urged by local officials to stay at home, after a tank caught fire. it's the second fire in two days at a houston petrochemicalfacility, following on from one that was put out at a nearby exxonmobil refinery on saturday afternoon. the us senator, kirsten gillibrand, has become the latest democrat to announce that she's running to become the party's candidate for president. in an online video made to announce her candidacy, ms gillibrand, who is from new york, made it clear that she saw the battle as one against the values of president trump. she is the sixteenth person to seek the democratic nomination. police in serbia have used teargas against anti—government protesters who surrounded the presidential building in the capital, belgrade. it marks an intensification in opposition demonstrations, which have been taking place
for a number of months in the balkan state. caroline rigby, has more. the message was clear. thousands gathered outside the presidential palace in belgrade to demand the resignation of serbia's president and his allies. in times using force they clashed with police. inside, they clashed with police. inside, the president made a defiant address in an effort to demonstrate his control. although rather than being broadcast on state tv, his message was posted on instagram. translation: dear citizens of serbia. i am forced to address you in this way. especially to the thousands and millions of people who are worried about the situation in oui’ are worried about the situation in our country. to all of you who defy the pressure of the fascist to want to ruin our country. as you can see, iam to ruin our country. as you can see, i am still at my workplace and the presidency building. i am not going to flee anywhere. that serbia's
premier is under mounting pressure as calls forfairer premier is under mounting pressure as calls for fairer elections and greater media freedom grown louder. on saturday, ten protesters were detained after forcing their way into the state television building. the break—in marked an intensification in the protests that began in november and have, until now, remained largely peaceful. that some fear the movement is changing. because, alongside the students, actors and centrist politicians, the leader of an extreme right wing party has become a prominent voice. translation: mack we demand resignation from vucic. we want a free election and before that, a minimum of 6— nine months of media freedom. these are our demands and we will not back down. we will not retreat. president vucic insists he is not afraid but after months of protest which appear only to be
gaining momentum, some will question how long he can remain in charge. two people have died in northern ireland following reports of accredited st patrick serve in. two other people have been taken to hospital in county tyrone. the ambulance service responded to calls on sunday night. one is stable while the other is in a critical condition. the exact circumstances of the incident are still being investigated, but it is known that under—18s were in attendance at the event. senior cabinet ministers, including the chancellor philip hammond, have said theresa may's brexit deal won't be put to the vote again in the commons this week — if she can't pursuade enough mps to change their minds. he said attempts to win over critics, including the democratic unionists, were still work in progress. our political correspondent ben wright reports. the noes to the left, 391.
so the noes have it. the noes have it. a second crushing defeat for the prime minister's brexit deal last tuesday. 75 tory mps rebelled against it. now, with days to go until the uk is meant to leave the eu, the government will try again — probably. we will only bring the deal back, if we are confident that enough of our colleagues, and the dup, are prepared to support it, so that we can get it through parliament. we're notjust going to keep presenting it if we haven't moved the dial. the government needs to persuade dozens of tories and the dup to back the deal. some conservative mps have changed their mind. the rest are being warned of the consequences if they don't. clearly, if we don't get this deal through, we are almost certainly going to have to fight a european parliamentary election, almost certainly going to have to have a longer extension. labour looks likely to back a plan to make its mps' support for the deal conditional on it
being put to a public vote. theresa may's deal has now been rejected twice by parliament. rumour has it that she's bringing it back on tuesday for a third time. if that fails, a fourth time after that. this is ridiculous. this thing has been defeated comprehensively and she has got to recognise that we have got to do something different. parliament is where the national arguments and agonies over brexit are playing out. it's a struggle testing the unity of the government and the two main political parties. theresa may hopes that one more heave might get this deal over the line. but some tories are losing patience with the prime minister. it will be a failure of the prime minister if we end up fighting these european union elections. she promised to become prime minister to deliver whati7.1i million people voted for. that is what she has to deliver, and if she can't do that, she has to go. outside parliament there is little sign of compromise. but inside there is,
with some tory mps talking to labour about an alternative to mrs may's deal if it cannot pass. my sense is that they want to see a sensible, soft brexit deal that is based on full membership of the single market and a customs arrangement that secures a frictionless trade and no border in the island of ireland. division — clear the lobby! the house of commons is charged, frenzied and tense. and what unfolds on these green benches in the coming days will shape the country for years. ben wright, bbc news. we return to the top story. the duke and duchess of cambridge have led a minute's silence to pay their respects to the fifty people who died as a result of the new zealand mosque attacks. the couple joined the irish guards and theirfamilies in remembering the victims at a st patrick's day parade in west london. the duchess then handed out baskets of shamrock, and the duke, who is colonel of the irish guards,
took the salute. we have been covering events from new zealand as the whole country continues to really real and try and come to terms with what has happened in those terror attacks. my colleague clive myrie has been speaking to the mayor of christchurch lianne dalziel. it has been this reallyjust believe that this could happen here in christchurch. and i think the reality is that we were chosen for a reason. we are a safe city and a safe country. and that's why this happened here. and i'm not going to give a voice to the hatred and the expressions that are seen to be the motives behind this. but i'm pleased to see city leaders around the world
standing up against islamophobia, standing up against islamophobia, standing up against racism, standing up standing up against racism, standing up against all of those things that drive this form of hatred, at the extreme end. this is an extremist act. i have spoken to many in the muslim community here over the last couple of days and they say what has happened does not reflect the attitudes of the vast majority of people, not just in attitudes of the vast majority of people, notjust in christchurch but across the country. and that's ride. i have been visiting with some of the family members and, you know, they have been using words like "in all the time that i have lived here". and people have lived here for years. they have said not one word has come from lips to say to me ina bad word has come from lips to say to me in a bad way anything, you know. and that to me was a very powerful expression. i know that is not universal because there are people
in the world who don't treat people as equals. but i think what has happened here, and you can sit in the tributes behind me, that there is this overwhelming outpouring of love and support and compassion and kindness. and i think those are the qualities that so many of our muslim brothers and sisters, that is what they see in everyday life and they have seen it expressed here today. what is yourjob in trying to bring this community together, to heal it after this trauma ? this community together, to heal it after this trauma? i think that it's really important about people focus on what got us through our experience of the earthquakes, which is neighbours came together and supported each other, communities came together and supported each other. and i think that's going to be really important, too. there is an expression that, and i presume it's universal, you start the day when you meet somebody, you greet them with the words how are you, that's got really real special
meaning. and what's really important is that when somebody says, when you say to someone, how are you, then you have got to stop and listen for the answer. because some people will be doing this very, very hard, especially in the wake of our previous experience, and we need to be there to support people when that a nswer be there to support people when that answer comes that they are looking for help. the american rust is, lianne dalziel speaking to clive myrie. —— the american christchurch. a reminder of our top story: the investigation into the shootings at two mosques in new zealand has seen counter terrorism officers carry out two raids in australia — where the man arrested for the killings — brenton tarrant — grew up. security officals say the properties in new south wales are in towns just north of sydney. new south wales police said: may assist new zealand police in their ongoing investigation — and — that the family of the australian man arrested in christchurch continues to assist
police with their inquiries." speaking to australian media the, australian home affairs minister peter dutton confirmed that brenton tarrant spent only 45 days in australia over the past three years and was not on any terror watch lists. in new zealand, police have promised a high profile presence as schools and business reopen. prime ministerjacinda ardern signed a book of condolonces before she held a cabinet meeting on new gun control laws. speaking on national tv, ms ardern said she was determined to change the law and take military style weapons out of circulation. she is due to brief the press on what has come out of her cabinet meeting that she is holding. that will happen shortly. we will bring you that as soon as it does happen. you can reach me on twitter — i'm @regedahmadbbc. let us get the weather. hello. it's been a weekend of wild weather.
we've seen heavy snowfall, heavy rain that's been causing some flooding across parts of england and wales. strong winds, particularly on saturday. by sunday it was a day of sunshine and showers. now this was the scene in dover, in kent. we had some huge shower clouds. equally, some blue sky and some gusty winds around. so all in all, some very unsettled weather. but the weather is now settling down. as we head on into monday we've got this high pressure building in from the south—west. still some weather fronts trying to move in towards the north—west of the country. so it won't be dry across the board. but, really, through this week we're looking at a much drier weather picture. less windy. i think you'll be be pleased to hear that things will be turning a little bit milder, too. although it is going to be quite a chilly start to monday. this is dawn. and you can see those temperatures will be subzero in the east for some areas. could be a touch of frost, even down towards the south—east of england. cloudier skies in the west, so temperatures not as low first thing here. and with that cloud in the west there will be a bit of patchy rain on monday across northern ireland, western scotland, and western fringes of england and wales. further east, you're likely to stay dry through the day with some sunny
spells, a bit more cloud building during the afternoon. temperatures on monday still not great for the time of year. but a degree or so warmer than we have seen in recent days. 8—12 degrees or so. but at least we've lost that wind chill we've seen recently. looking further ahead through monday evening and overnight into tuesday, again we've got quite a lot of cloud around. could be the odd clearer spell, allowing those temperatures to dip just down into a touch of frost here and there. but for most of us it's looking reasonably mild moving through into tuesday. and a mostly dry start to the day. you may notice a bit of blue on the map. a few spots of rain across parts of northern ireland, scotland, perhaps into wales, too. that is courtesy of this weather system, it's a warm front that tries to move on from the west on tuesday. a fairly weak affair. and it bumps into the higher pressure that's holding on towards the south. and quite a bit of cloud around. not a bad day on tuesday. a little light rain for scotland and perhaps in the irish sea coasts. towards the south and east is where you're likely to stay dry throughout the day. top temperatures around about 12—14 degrees or so. not bad for the time of year. through the middle of the week, wednesday, the spring equinox. it does look largely settled and dry. there'll be a bit of sunshine
breaking through the cloud. it should be generally reasonably mild. so temperatures widely up to 13—14 degrees. in the warmest spots we could see highs up to 16—17 celsius. so gradually things are warming up a little as we head through the week. towards the end of the week, sunnier spells and it's looking much less windy than it has over the past week or so. bye for now.