this is bbc news. i'm ben bland. the headlines at 2pm: the prime minister and her cabinet look for ways to bring may's eu withdrawal agreement back to the commons for a fourth time after it was defeated by 58 votes yesterday. i think what we have to do is make sure that we deliver on the will of the people at the referendum. we have to keep trying, that's what people voted for and i'm sure that's what the prime minister continues to be determined to deliver. thousands of palestinian protesters have gathered on the border between gaza and israel to mark a year since weekly demonstrations began. today is the deadline for public sector bodies with more than 250 employees to declare the pay difference between their male and female workers — but thousands haven't yet done so. the rolling stones postpone their upcoming tour of the us and canada as mickjagger is told he needs medical treatment.
and at 2:30pm, the bbc‘s brexitcast team look back at another unprecedented week at westminster. theresa may is discussing ways of bringing her eu withdrawal agreement back to the commons for a fourth time next week — after yet another commons defeat yesterday. it was the third time the prime minister's plan was rejected by mps — this time by a majority of 58 — including the dup and 35 mps from her own party. despite that, a number 10 source insisted that efforts are "going in the right direction" — given the size of defeat was narrower than the
previous two votes. meanwhile, mps from all parties are considering how they might be able to get support for an alternative brexit plan in a second round of indicative votes on monday. our political correspondent, matt cole, reports. despite scores of leave supporters raucous outside, it was not third time lucky for theresa may with another rejection of her brexit deal. the ayes to the right, 286, the nos to the left, 344. but with the scale of the defeat smaller than on the previous two occasions, downing street officials are taking the view that at least the numbers are going the right way, and the government has not given up. the deal which delivers on the referendum in a way which works for the economy is the best way forward, but we recognise some colleagues have concerns about that that we need to work through. parliament ultimately has to vote for something. and indeed mps will vote on monday
on a range of possible alternative brexit plans with the hope majority support can be fined for one of them. propositions could include a no—deal brexit, another referendum, a customs arrangement tying britain closely to brussels, or even an amended version of theresa may's deal. it is about gathering momentum around particular ideas, so just to say that the dup may come on board with a customs union idea, and it is about pullimh people into a way forward. and it is about pulling people into a way forward. but even if mps do find a plan to rally round, the government is not promising to back it and could even seek to have a run—off against the now thrice rejected withdrawal agreement, but if the prime minister loses again, what next? maybe a general election, maybe something else. if theresa may felt she could not implement what parliament had identified as a way of leaving the eu, we would have to think
hard about a cross—party coalition group of people. the eu council has called an emergency summit for the tenth of next month, two days before the new brexit day, the 12th of april, but will the government have to offer that could secure a further delay to resolve the deadlock will britain be leaving without a deal just hours later? there are just so many questions about what might happen here next week and the answers will determine the fate of the prime minister, the government, and the country for many years to come, but what those answers might be is just not clear. the conservative mp andrew bridgen, who voted against the government yesterday, told us that leaving the eu without a deal is the best way to resolve the brexit deadlock in parliament. i think no deal is the only way we're going get out fulfilling our manifesto pledges and the commitment we made to the british people after the referendum.
ultimately when we triggered article 50, parliament knew that we were leaving after two years. it should have been the 29th of march and it's clear that it is with or without a deal. i don't think there is any way that the european union are going to give the uk a deal that is acceptable, certainly not the withdrawal agreement, for all the reasons we have heard. it would be a situation where if we signed up to that, we would be for the first time in our nation's history, a huge amount of our laws would be decided by a foreign power over which we have no control or influence. it would be vassalage and when it came back yesterday without the political declaration, a future partnership was the only way out of the backstop. it was rather worse yesterday because all you had was two years of transition where we would be paying in under the european union laws without representation then moving into the backstop which there was no end to because the political declaration had been removed.
meanwhile, the prominent remain campaigner dominic grieve has received a vote of no confidence from his local conservative association in buckinghamshire. members in beaconsfield voted by 182 to 131 against the former attorney general — who supports a second public vote on brexit. our political correspondent, matt cole, is with me. where does all of this leave us in terms of what we can expect in the coming weeks? there are a lot of questions. what are the answers? it's very difficult. the sequence of events that points us to where things might lie, at least. on monday, mps will have what they call a series of indicative votes. they did it on wednesday, you might recall. they had eight different potential alternatives brexit options, proposals for how it could
be. the likes of another referendum, a customs union tying britain economically close to the eu, eight no—deal brexit. a range of options and mps were asked to vote on each of them, express a preference on a piece of paper, yes or no, none of them got a majority support but the idea was then it was a first round, just to feel the way and see how the idea could coalesce around things. they will do the same on monday. if they can now having had theresa may's deal rejected a third time, come up with something all mps can support, may be theresa may, the government could say let's take this to brussels. the indication from government at the moment is they are reminded not to, or they possibly could put theresa may's deal for a fourth time in a run—off against the winner of what happens on monday. that is where we start, where we go kind of depends on what happens on monday night. with all of that, is there time for that to happen given that there is this new deadline of the 12th of april that? time is
tight, yes. there is time this week, what theresa may needs now is something to take to brussels on the 10th of april. there is an emergency summit where they will effectively say to theresa may, what next, have you got something, because otherwise you got something, because otherwise you are leaving without a deal? if she has something she can take to them and say we have this idea, we need to work on it, can we have more time? if it is possible the answer will probably be yes, but it will be a question of months, not years. then britain will have to take part in may‘s european parliamentary elections. the government don't want that to happen. but time is short, options running out. if theresa may's deal got through this week, it could even be put to about and that's not clear the speaker of the house would allow that. if that could happen, theresa may has said she would design —— would resign. we would probably get an extension to may 22. there would be a period of getting the paperwork done for a
departure on may 20 seconds and then after that britain would be leaving but so would theresa may because she had been stepping aside and we would have a leadership contest. thank you. we will speak a bit later. coming up at 2:30pm: the bbc‘s brexitcast team look back at another unprecedented week at westminster. thousands of palestinian protesters have gathered on the border between gaza and israel, to mark a year since weekly demonstrations began there. the gazan health ministry said a palestinian had been killed by israeli shrapnel — before the start of today's demonstration and one protester was killed during the clashes. demonstrators are demanding the right to return to their ancestral homes in what is now israel and an end to the gaza blockade. the un says at least 189 palestinians and one israeli soldier have been killed between march and december last year. our middle east correspondent, yolande knell, isjust outside nahal oz in israel — close to the border in the gaza strip.
give us a sense of how things are there now, any calmer? where i and, if you look across, through the fields, you can see the gazza boundary fence, and we can still see on the other side large palestinian crowds. according to the israeli military, 40,000 palestinians turned out at different locations along the fence for this day of protest. despite the relatively large numbers of protesters, we have seen less violence than in previous weeks. although we are hearing from gazza officials that it was too palestinians that were killed during the course of the mass rallies, as well as that person killed ahead of them, making it three people killed during the course of the day. israeli troops here have been mainly using tear gas to drive people back.
they have had claims from the un, from a un enquiry, that they had used excessive force in the past, using live ammunition. they say they only use live ammunition when palestinians are trying to breach the fence, enter israeli territory, where they could pose a threat to israeli civilians who live, as we have seen, not very far away at all from the place where all of these protests are taking place. there has been no israeli confirmation of a claim that came from her mass suggesting that they had helped, been helped by egypt to reach a sort of deal with israel. claim but all of this coming at a very sensitive time where sunlight has been trying to use this anniversary
isa been trying to use this anniversary is a show of force. it also wants to use the anniversary as a leverage with israel. it has been facing a lot of unrest in gaza with some unprecedented protests there. people are criticising the hamas leadership. in israel it is also a very sensitive time, politically. we arejust ten very sensitive time, politically. we are just ten days away from a general election where security really is a main issue. the israeli prime minister, benjamin netanyahu, doesn't want to be seen to making any concessions to tentlike militants, but at the same time he doesn't want to be fighting an unpredictable campaign against palestinian militants. at the same time as he is fighting a tough election campaign. 0k, time as he is fighting a tough election campaign. ok, for the moment, thank you very much. today is the deadline for public sector bodies —— today is the deadline for public sector bodies — with more than 250 employees — to reveal how much of a pay difference there is between male and female workers.
what is the story about? it is not about unequal pay, this isn't a story about men and women being paid differently for the same work. this is about the gender pay gap, and it is about the gender pay gap, and it is quite complicated how they calculate that. we have a graphic to show you. this measurement is done by lining up employees, women and men, ina by lining up employees, women and men, in a company, in order of salary. you then pull out the women on the middle salary, the man on the middle salary and then you compare the two. that gives you the gender pay the two. that gives you the gender pay 9313- the two. that gives you the gender pay gap- why the two. that gives you the gender pay gap. why is that important today? we are talking about the public sector. that accounts for one sixth of the number of people employed in the uk. that is over 5 million people. who are the worst offenders? it could be argued that the group of employers who should
know better, universities. if you look at the national average for the gender pay gap, you will see it is 9.1%. when you take that through to universities, it is 13.7%. it is possible to argue that that gap can be explained by the fact that women largely, are more likely to be working part time. there are fewer of us in senior roles. there is an interesting figure buried in between all of this, and that is looking at the gender pay gap for bonuses. these will be single payments made at the discretion largely of the employer. two of the worst offenders, liverpool and newcastle universities, that gap was 80% and over. wow. in terms of the rest of the public sector, how is that fairing? civil servants working in whitehall, if you are a woman you may not be happy, that gap is 23%, almost. local government there is a
bit better, around 3%. almost. local government there is a bit better, around 396. ok, thanks very much for going through the figures and bringing us up to speed. the pilot of the plane which crashed into the english channel with footballer emiliano sala on board, wasn't allowed to fly at night. the bbc has been told that david ibbotson was colour—blind and restricted to daytime flights only. both men died when the piper malibu crashed in january. kayley thomas has more. it has been ten weeks since the plane carrying cardiff city's record £15 million signing, emiliano sala, crashed into the sea off guernsey in the channel islands. the man tasked with getting him to his new club in time for training was david ibbotson, a private pilot from north lincolnshire. but he should not have been flying at night because he was not licensed to. the bbc has been told that he was colour—blind and had a restriction on his license stating he could fly in daylight hours only. the ill—fated flight set off from nantes over one hour after sunset.
there has been much speculation about the legality of the flight. the piper malibu was registered in the us and could not be operated commercially with paying passengers. the air accident investigation branch said that licensing continues to be a focus of its investigations but a full report into the crash is not expected until early next year. the headlines on bbc news... the prime minister and her cabinet look for ways to bring may's eu withdrawal agreement back to the commons for a fourth time after it was defeated by 58 votes yesterday. today is the deadline for public sector bodies with more than 250 employees to declare the pay difference between their male and female workers — but thousands haven't yet done so. thousands of palestinian protesters have gathered on the border between gaza and israel to mark a year since weekly demonstrations began.
psychiatrists are being urged to ask children, who are having mental health assessments, about how long they spend online and what they use social media for. the royal college of psychiatrists says it is concerned about how time spent online impacts mood, sleep, diet and behaviour. mps have called for new regulations to be imposed on platforms such as facebook, twitter and instagram, to protect children from what they call "an online wild west." i'm joined now via webcam by natasha devon. she travels around schools and colleges throughout the uk delivering classes and conducting research with teenagers, teachers and parents on mental health issues. it is good to have you with us. some people will be surprised that these kinds of questions are not being asked as a matter of routine already. what is really positive about this report is we know there isa about this report is we know there is a correlation between poorer mental health and excessive social
media use. but what we don't know is where the causation lies. for a long time, people have assumed that social media use causes poor mental health. that has historically led to particularly politicians, i would say, not looking at the wider causes of the youth mental health crisis in this country. i have been very vocal about this in the past. the royal couege about this in the past. the royal college of psychiatrists have cleverly advised that psychiatry should be asking how are these people using the social media, because my hunch is that if you have a mental health difficulty, you are more likely to spend a lot of time online as a coping mechanism and be using social media in a more negative way. ultimately we need to look at the individual‘s relationship with social media and how that can be made more positive. from your travelling around the country to schools and colleges, what are you finding anecdotally? do use expect there is a strong link? what's really interesting, a big
pa rt what's really interesting, a big part of my work in schools is conducting focus groups which i do with 14 to 18—year—olds but also with 14 to 18—year—olds but also with teachers and parents. if you ask young people to list the causes of anxiety and low self—esteem in their lives, social media comes about seventh on their list. after academic pressure, exam stress, worries about the future, pressure, concerns about perfectionism which arise more academically than they do from what they're experiencing online. if you ask the adults who are caring for those children, they will put social media quite often that the top of the list. probably the truth lies somewhere in between. the one thing we do know is that social media isn't going anywhere and for most young people, they have been born into a world of instant internet access and smartphones. it is part of their experience of being human. we need to be empowering them to use it in the most positive way rather than banning it or demonising
it, which we know, and i have seen in schools, just encourages them to use it more and in more secretive ways. we have seen a real focus on harmful content being axed —— being accessible. instances of self—harm being depicted as fuelling eating disorders where people are competing with each other to lose more weight than theirfriends. with each other to lose more weight than their friends. i wonder where, what you think the onus lies, with social media companies, with politicians to regulate it or down to the parents? i think the answer is that all of those have a role to play in regulation. it's important to stress that self—harm and eating disorders and suicidal ideation are quite unique within mental ill—health in that they do have an element of some people describe it as contagion, whereby people kind of body app, where you make friends
with people who are in a similar headspace and then your symptoms progressively become worse. —— people kind of body together. with that particular phenomenon, i do think we need to crack down on it. i would love it if the social media sites themselves took full responsibility, but would be the easiest route. unfortunately they need to be incentivised to do it. i gave advice to the technology regulation committee recently looking at the role that regulation bodies might have in incentivising them to do that with a change of law, with fines or whatever. i also think parents need to understand what is happening in their children's online world. i speak to pa rents children's online world. i speak to parents who say their children are spending a lot of time looking at a screen but they are not entirely sure what they are accessing. i think parents are responsible to bring themselves up to speed and try
to understand technology. 0k, bring themselves up to speed and try to understand technology. ok, thanks very much. the rolling stones have postponed a tour of the united states and canada because sir mickjagger needs medical treatment. the band's publicist said the legendary lead singer would be worrking very hard to get back on stage and doctos expected him to make a full recovery. the rollings stones had been due to kick off their tour in miami and play 17 dates across north america, ending in canada injuly. let's speak to our correspondent, chi chi izundu. any more detail on what this medical treatment is for? no, sadly there is no more detail on what the treatment is for how long he has been treated for. putting on a tour is an expensive affair, it takes a lot for an insurance company to agree to get someone an insurance company to agree to get someone to be signed off, to cancel or postpone a whole tour. plus it would cost a lot of money. concert
ticket holders are being advised to keep their tickets because they are assuring fans that this concert will go ahead. nick jagger assuring fans that this concert will go ahead. nickjagger has said he is sorry to all his fans in america and canada. he hates letting them down like this and he is devastated to have to postpone the tour but will be working very, very hard to be back on stage as soon as he can and once again, huge apologies to eve ryo ne once again, huge apologies to everyone who bought tickets. if you think about a rolling stones concert, one of the things they are most famous for, if not for being the rolling stones, is mickjagger‘s energetic performance. there is scientific energy out there, scientific energy out there, scientific reports that show that when someone is performing on stage, it is akin to being an athlete. he isa it is akin to being an athlete. he is a 75—year—old man now undergoing medical treatment. this tour is just on postponement but we wish him all the best. you mentioned he is in his mid—70s, but still with this
phenomenal amount of energy to sustain a 17 date concert tour. that is no small thing. yes, and this is only one leg of the whole tour. he is world—renowned for how much energy and enthusiasm he puts into each of his tour dates. he never looks tired, he has aged really well for a 75—year—old man! sadly this news has come out that he has had to postpone the whole tour for the us and canada legs. it was supposed to start next month, on the 20th, and end towards the end ofjuly. but his treatment, the doctors have said he cannot do the tour and will have to focus on his health. 0k, cannot do the tour and will have to focus on his health. ok, thanks very much for the moment. a bbc investigation has discovered rogue traders are selling tens of thousands of pounds worth of receipts and invoices in a black market trade to cheat uk taxes. the dealers — who advertise online — sell authentic documents to enable others to fraudulently claim back vat and reduce the amount of income tax they pay.
colin campbell has the story. how much is here? 10,500. e wants to sell me £10,000 of construction material receipts for £800. he posts they can be used as a way to work around paying income tax. an illicit black—market trade, i contacted dealers posing as a self—employed builder, seeking to use the receipts to fraudulently claim back vat. with a ring binderfull of construction material receipts, this polish builder wanted £2,500 for £30,000 worth of receipts. will these create trouble for us? it is not in my name, and it is also the cash, you can see.
another rogue trader, this time decorating receipts. can i use them for tax as well? yes, yes, ithink. these guys are essentially committing tax fraud. i showed the footage to a tax expert. it's a crime, because what it's doing is enabling people to reduce their tax bill and their vat illegally, because they haven't actually incurred the expense that they're going to claim for. i found more than a dozen dealers advertising the receipts on uk based polish classified ad sites. hmrc says it's committed to ensuring all companies and individuals pay the right tax at the right time, and will pursue those who fail to do so. so, how many have you managed to...? all the dealers we spoke to had
a ready supply of receipts. i'm actually a journalist from the bbc. but none wanted to discuss their illicit trade. what you're doing is criminal. it's fraudulent. you're helping people cheat the tax system, aren't you? vat? self—assessment? you're helping people cheat their tax. i'm not. you've got £30,000 worth of receipts here. a previously hidden crime, now a brazen illicit trade that's hard to combat. another form of tax evasion, cheating the country of much—needed revenue. colin campbell, bbc news. pope francis has arrived in morocco for brief visit to promote inter—faith dialogue in the country. after meeting king mohammed, he'll go on to visit a school for imams near the capital rabat. morocco has a tiny roman catholic community and the vatican says the trip follows on from the pope's historic visit to the united arab emirates last month to promote freedom of belief.
bbc arabic‘s mouna bo is in morocco and says the country's small christian communtiy are excited to see the pontif return to the country. this is the cathedral in the moroccan capital rabat. it has been redecorated recently in anticipation of the pope's visit. there is a tiny christian community in morocco of over 30,000 people. they are very excited about the visit. the first by a pope in 34 years. the pontiff was invited by king mohammed vi, commander of the faithful, the highest religious authority here in morocco. it is significant that is part of this visit, pope francis will come to this institute which teaches hundreds of imams a tolerant form of islam, as backed by the king. improving relations
with other religions has been a priority for the pope. he is also keen to meet migrants at a centre around about a catholic humanitarian organisation in rabat. migrants form a large part of the christian community here. they will be here to welcome him alongside thousands of moroccans who view this visit as historic. more than 175,000 people have signed an online petition calling for a ban on the practice of covering trees and hedges with nets to prevent birds from nesting in them. nets are often used by developers to keep birds away during construction projects, but conservationists argue that it's a threat to wildlife. john maguire has been looking into this. it's a cover—up, but is it right? 18 trees have been shrouded by giant nets at this school in ely.
cambridge county council wants to fell the trees to expand the school, something that wouldn't be allowed if birds were nesting. elaine ewert spotted them, tweeted and was amazed by the response. it has made such an impression because it is such a dramatic visual metaphor of what we are doing to the natural world. it has been happening across the uk here recently in surrey on a large scale and in warwickshire where hedgerows have been covered. the royal society for the protection of birds wants them banned. we are excluding birds from nesting habitats at this key side of year. the countryside should be at birdsong right now but across our country we have lost 44 million birds in 50 years and when nature is in crisis, we really can't afford to be adding to those pressures things like these nets. there are concerns that wildlife may be trapped inside the nets