tv BBC News at One BBC News April 4, 2019 1:00pm-1:31pm BST
the pilots of the boeing jet that crashed in ethiopia last month followed all the right emergency procedures but couldn't save the plane, that's according to a report into the disaster. it says the aircraft repeatedly nosedived before it hit the ground, killing all 157 people on board. the crew performed all of the procedures repeatedly provided by the manufacturer but was not able to control the aircraft. the findings will put more pressure on boeing, which is already being sued over the disaster. also this lunchtime... more talks today between labour and the government to try to find a brexit compromise. how the routine vaccination of schoolgirls in scotland is saving lives. the dangers of a bad diet — scientists say it's a bigger risk
to your health than smoking. and claims young people in britain's seaside towns are being let down when it comes to jobs and education. the kidsjust think, we live in a dead—end town, what's the point? what's the point in us going anywhere because we can't achieve anything, because we can't get to college. the fallout from the old firm continues. celtic captain scott brown has been charged with improper conduct and rangers boss steven gerrard has been given a one—match touchline ban. good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one.
the report by the ethiopian government says the plane repeatedly nosedived before it crashed, killing all 157 people on board. boeing has grounded all 737 max aircraft since the disaster, and an earlier crash in indonesia last year. here's our transport correspondent tom burridge. two crashes in five months and 346 people dead. boeing's reputation is on the line after more evidence today that a new anti—stall system on the 737 max ate malfunctioned on each occasion repeatedly putting the planes into a nosedive from which the pilots could not recover. today the pilots could not recover. today the investigation team into the crash last month in ethiopia said the pilot followed procedure is issued by boeing after the previous crash off indonesia but were still
not able to regain control of the plane. the crew performed all of the procedures repeatedly provided by the manufacturer, but was not able to control the aircraft. and recommendations from the investigation clearly suggesting the plane's new automatic anti—stall mechanism pushed the plain's knows repeatedly down. i noticed in this preliminary investigation it is recommended that the aircraft flight control system related to the flight control system related to the flight controllability shall be reviewed by the manufacturer. this simulator is what a 737 looks like before it was modified to the max. captain chris brady with 18 years of experience
flying 737s is showing how the anti—stall flying 737s is showing how the a nti —stall system flying 737s is showing how the anti—stall system would work. flying 737s is showing how the anti-stall system would work. that is the warning to show you it is about to stall. he questions whether the mechanism was properly thought through by boeing and regulators. there needs to be a separate investigation into how boeing and the faa certified an aircraft with such a catastrophic point of failure. boeing faces lawsuits, multiple investigations and uncomfortable questions about how this aircraft was deemed safe to fly. we were fairly confident their recommendations from the first accident would have solved the second accident if you like but in this case it is still completely open. they say they followed the recommended procedures from boeing but the plane still crashed. boeing will review today's report. it's already working to make the max
safer and insist safety has always been its top priority but the 737 max remains grounded worldwide and the damage is still playing out. theo leggett, this is a preliminary report but how significant is it for the aviation industry generally and boeing? it is very significant for boeing? it is very significant for boeing i think. this removes a lot of the doubt about the cause of the accident. we have it that the nose of the aircraft was repeatedly being forced down when the pilots were trying to gain altitude and that suggests is the reportjust said there was a problem with the mcas system, the anti—stall system which has already been implicated in the loss of another 737 max off the coast of indonesia last year. then we have the point that the pilots did everything that was expected of them. in the wake of the first accident boeing said if there were problems with the system, the way to
get around it is to follow a specific procedure. if the pilots did that and still could not regain control of the aircraft, that suggests the advice from boeing may have been inadequate and then they face significant questions. theo leggett, thank you. negotiating teams are meeting today to find a way forward on brexit. last night a backbench bill was passed by one vote forcing the prime minister to ask the european union for further delay to avoid leaving without a deal. from westminster, our political correspondent alex forsyth reports. things look a little bleak in westminster, no sign yet of any way to break the brexit deadlock. yesterday the prime minister met the labour leaderfor what yesterday the prime minister met the labour leader for what they called constructive talks. today their teams are meeting again to try to find a compromise. we have been discussing labour's alternative
plan. we had discussions yesterday, we will continue them today. the leadership of labour is under pressure to push for another public vote and within the party. meanwhile, the government is having to defend itself from tories are furious at the talks with labour. as everybody is aware, parliament is not supporting the prime minister's deals so the prime minister is trying to find what deal the parliamentary mps will support and that's what she's focused on. it is logical to do that. we have to leave the european union. the ayes to the right 313, the noes to the left 312. last night mps voted to stop the uk leaving without a deal in place. if the house of lords agrees today, a new law will force the government to ask the eu to extend the whole process. but for brexiteers further
delay, possibly taking part in elections in the european parliament, is acceptable. were brexit to be delayed so we take part in the european elections that would bea in the european elections that would be a betrayal of the referendum result and inflict untold damage on the reputation of the conservative party. theresa may had planned to ask the eu for a short extension to get more time to try to get an exit deal through parliament, but if this bill is approved today, it would give mpsa bill is approved today, it would give mps a say over how long any delay should be. and there is no agreement on that. the extension has got to be long enough for parliament to come to a decision on any deal and geta to come to a decision on any deal and get a majority in parliament for that deal, and then long enough to put that deal back to the people. that is not universal view here but then little is. the eu has made it clear a ny then little is. the eu has made it clear any extension must have a purpose. another long day of brexit wrangling lays ahead, the way forward remains uncertain.
let's get the latest from norman smith at westminster. another day of talks between labour and the government on brexit, how likely do you think they are to be successful? not very likely to be honest, not as bad as the uk s prospects in the european song contest but pretty gloomy. even if the leaders could reach some sort of policy compromise over brexit, the trouble is they are being pulled apart by their parties who are deeply unhappy about the idea of any deal. on the tory side, we know tory mps have steam coming out of the area is at the prospect of some sort of deal withjeremy corbyn, indeed some are now trying to organise a letter—writing campaign calling on mrs may to go. on the labour side, we know many labour mps on the labour side, we know many labourmps are wary on the labour side, we know many labour mps are wary that if there is a dealjeremy corbyn might ditch
another referendum. that means if there is no new bright, shiny deal, mrs may will have to go to brussels and ask for mrs may will have to go to brussels and askforan mrs may will have to go to brussels and ask for an extension. whatever was decided last night, being no doubt it will be the eu who decide on the length of any delay and it seems to me they may well conclude that we have made such a hash of things that actually we will need a long delay, maybe a year, may be two to sort ourselves out. alternatively they could just say you are out of here, it is no deal. norman smith, thank you. a customs union is likely to be key to the talks between the government and labour. but what exactly is it? our reality check correspondent chris morris explains. one term that keeps cropping up in the brexit negotiations is the customs union. the uk is in it because for the moment it's still an eu member, but what does it actually do?
basically the customs union makes trade between the 28 eu countries easier. when goods move between them, there are no customs checks or charges imposed. but when goods enter the customs union from the rest of the world there is a common charge, known as a tariff. take cars. a charge is 10% of their value. it's a way of protecting eu goods from cheaper foreign imports. once the common tariff is paid, goods can move freely around the eu without any more checks or charges. that's one of the main reasons why big japanese car firms like nissan set up car plants in the uk — for guaranteed smooth access to the whole eu market. obviously though if you're in the customs union you've got to play by its rules. most importantly, one country — the uk for example — can't strike its own trade deals with other countries around the world. the eu negotiates trade deals for all its members.
why? well, because if the uk was able to set tariffs for imported cars of say 5% rather than 10%, then all those cars would be sent to the uk more cheaply and get free access to the rest of the eu, giving the uk an unfair advantage. now, the government would like to keep most of the benefits of the customs union but still be able to do its own trade deals with everyone else, but the eu is saying that's not really on offer. so is there any alternative? well, a free trade agreement can also remove tariffs and allow you to do other deals elsewhere, but companies importing goods into the eu under a free trade agreement still need to provide detailed proof of how and where those goods are made. unlike a customs union, that can create bureaucracy, checks and considerable costs — all of which the uk is keen to avoid.
chris morris reporting there. the two leaders will also meet people who live near the irish border to hear their concerns about the future. mrs merkel has pledged to do all she can to prevent a no—deal brexit. senior police officers are warning public figures and politicians to avoid inflaming the atmosphere around brexit. the national police chiefs council says people with a platform have a responsibility use temperate language. as part of preparations for a no—deal brexit, more than 10,000 officers are ready to be deployed at 24 hours notice if there is unrest. our home affairs correspondent daniel sandford reports. as the brexit debate has raged in parliament, around parliament and across the uk, passions have been inflamed. are you scared to answer the question, anna? so much so that senior police
officers are asking everyone — in what they called the febrile atmosphere — to think carefully about how they express their views and to make sure their words don't incite others to violence. we would urge people, be measured, think about what you are saying and the impact and what it might lead to, before it's said. and be confident that what you're saying is something that you would want to be heard and won't be misconstrued and acted on in a different way. police preparations are well under way now for a possible no deal eu exit. the kent and hampshire constabularies will ask for help from other forces. officers planning the national response have been keen to stress that they are not expecting major problems in any brexit scenario. but they do have contingency plans to mobilise more than 1000 riot—trained police officers at an hour's notice. more than 10,000 can be mobilised within 24 hours. to fill the gaps, forces will ask other officers to work longer shifts.
the mobilised police support units will be used to deal with anything that arises, from problems on the roads, to major protests, and even rioting. but the man in charge of planning for brexit told me the police don't want to be acting as security for supply chains for things like food, fuel and medicine. policing has been very clear to say to people running supply chains, you need to look at that and ensure your arrangements are sustainable. and don't expect the police to bail you out except in exceptional circumstances. absolutely. we are here, we deal with emergencies, we enforce the law, but our routine role is not to be able to keep supply chain running. the police service of northern ireland has not asked for support, but forces in england and wales have made sure that 1000 police officers have been trained in northern ireland policing tactics, should there be a need for them to be deployed there. daniel sandford, bbc news.
the uk food industry is one of the key sectors which will feel the impact of brexit and over recent months companies across the country have spent money stockpiling ingredients to avoid brexit related problems. but with the current deadlock, might that be wasted money? our business correspondent ben thompson reports. they've been making chocolate here since 1920. the firm has been through good times and bad, and said the lack of clarity around brexit is nothing new. but it's meant the firm has been stockpiling supplies to avoid disruption when the uk leaves the eu. we buy in brazils from bolivia and we've had to buy in £100,000 worth of brazils early this year. we've had to buy in £60,000 or £70,000 worth of ginger early because that comes from china, and we've had to insist all our packaging comes in early as well, in case there's a hold up there, and that's cost us another 120,000, so it's cost us over
300,000 at the moment. this firm isn't alone. half of all the food we eat in the uk is imported and so businesses have been stocking up, buying more than usual to avoid border delays or higher prices. but with a no deal exit ruled out again by mps last night, have firms wasted time and money on all those extra supplies? larger companies have invested in stock, both in the uk, often in the netherlands, just to ensure continuity of supply. but it's just been such a lot of wasted effort in terms of people having, talking about what might be, when at this time of the year companies are normally talking about new business, positive things, and that's just something that's on hold. but as well as avoiding empty shelves, firms want clarity on their staff too.
the industry employs 400,000 people, a third of those from the eu. there are still big questions over their rights after brexit. the next 12 months could bring big changes to the way that firms operate. business now wants answers and a clear timetable for what happens next. ben thompson, bbc news, in preston. police in new zealand say the man accused of the christchurch mosque terror attacks will face 50 charges of murder and 39 charges of attempted murder. 50 people were killed in the shootings last month and another 50 were injured. 2008 year old brenton tarrant is due to appear via video link tomorrow for his first hearing in the high courts 28—year—old brenton tarrant. our top story this lunchtime: a report says the pilots of the boeing jet that crashed in ethiopia last month, killing 157 people, followed
all the right emergency procedures but couldn't save the plane. and coming up — the converted office blocks housing council tenants. local communities say they‘ re having a negative impact. tottenham are welcomed home with a winning start in their new billion—pound stadium. on an emotional night for the spurs fans, son heung—min scored the first competitive goal there in a 2—0 victory over crystal palace. new research shows the routine vaccination of schoolgirls in scotland has led to a dramatic drop in the early signs of cervical cancer. the research — published in the british medicaljournal — shows a 90% reduction in cervical abnormalities since the hpv immunisation programme began a decade ago. our scotland correspondent lorna gordon reports. laura mcadam discovered she had cervical cancer in her early 30s. doctors had noticed changes in the cells in her cervix
when she went for a routine smear. the hpv vaccine fights the infection which is linked to most cervical cancer cases. laura says she wishes it had been available to her. definitely i would take it in a heartbeat. if it's going to stop anybody going through what i went through, then it's worth doing it. the hpv vaccine is routinely offered to all school—age girls in scotland. the uptake has been high, about 90%. researchers looking at the first smear tests of those receiving the vaccine found a 90% reduction in precancerous cervical abnormalities, and say this confirms that the vaccination programme is translating into the prevention of cervical cancer. this vaccine has exceeded our expectations in that respect. i think in 20—30 years' time, we will look back and see, if the uptake stays nice and high, that we've potentially eliminated cervical cancer. across the uk, 840 women died of cervical cancer in 2016.
it's one of the most common cancers in women under 35. but hpv is also linked to other cancers, including those of the head and neck, and later this year the hpv vaccine will be routinely offered notjust to girls but to all school—age boys in scotland too. as part of her treatment for cervical cancer, laura had to have a hysterectomy and lymph nodes removed. she still has a scan every six months. because of what happened to her she feels strongly that anyone eligible for the vaccine should take up the offer and urges women to always go for their smear tests, as a smear test saved her life. lorna gordon, bbc news. scientists say bad eating habits are a bigger risk to our health than smoking. nearly one in seven deaths in the uk is related to a poor diet, according to analysis in the lancet, with links to heart disease, cancer and diabetes. salt shortens the largest
number of lives. here's richard galpin. these are the types of food that the researchers say all of us here in britain and around the world should be eating much more. fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts and whole grains — vital, they say, to maintain good health and prevent heart attacks, strokes, type two diabetes and cancers. eating less healthy food instead — like processed meat, which has a lot of salt in it — is, the researchers say, causing millions of deaths around the world. the study, published in the lancet today, says 3 million people died in 2017 from eating too much salt. another 3 million deaths were attributed to not having enough whole grains in the diet, and a further 2 million people died because they'd not been eating enough fruit. having more of the good stuff, like fruit and vegetables, like wholegrain bread and brown pasta and rice for example, can
have a real impact on our health. if you want to have some of the things that we know we're not supposed to have you can have them once in a while in small amounts. it's not about cutting them out completely, perhaps focusing on the good stuff is what we need to do more of. the researchers say people around the world are eating way below the recommended amounts of healthy food and are calling for campaigns to change people's diets. but will people here heed the advice? sometimes i work late shifts and then i find it more difficult because you just go for ready meals. it's difficult then, but otherwise if you are cooking at home it's easy. i've just come out of mcdonald's over here, so you know i stray a bit. he'll have bacon butties for lunch. i'll have a sandwich with cucumber but he likes the fatty, yeah — but he's 0k. persuading people to improve their diet is not easy, but by highlighting the millions of deaths every year caused by not eating enough healthy food, this study certainly gives pause for thought.
richard galpin, bbc news. over the past two years thousands of people at risk of homelessness from london have been moved into converted offices in the essex town of harlow. it was dreamt up as a solution to boost the supply of housing. but there are now concerns that the project is putting a strain on local communities and leaving vulnerable families feeling abandoned. nikki fox reports. towering over this essex town, these former offices now converted to emergency housing, where families with young children from london councils live side by side with ex—offenders and addicts. there's actually someone standing with a crack pipe, standing with one in their hand, and another one's got needles in their hand, and there's blood splattered up the wall. if i'm homeless and they are give me this, how can i turn round and say
"i don't want that". i'm homeless! how can i then turn something down? but they shouldn't have sent me to this place. since the block opened last year, crime's up 20%. a new police unit's had to be set up. we have nuisance youths, we have anti—social behaviour, we've had violence, we've had fights and we've had and knife crime. these companies need to look at the vetting of the people they are putting in and they need to take some responsibility around the placements of certain individuals. we have about 90 cameras covering the building. caridon property told us it does support tenants and many are grateful to leave london. if they wasn't with us they would be in hostels or shared accommodation, b&bs, and if someone does cause a regular nuisance, you know, we will ask them to be removed. in harlow more than a dozen office blocks have been converted to flats. they don't need planning permission and many are scattered on the far edges of town. a makeshift play area in a fenced off section of a car park. this block, run by a different
company, on an industrial estate miles from the town centre. the only thing around us is warehouses and business centres. like there's not a shop, the closest shop to us is a 40 minute walk. even the commute back to where your family live and things like that, that's what makes you feel isolated as well. councils in london blame a shortage of affordable housing and say they can't compete with private landlords. look, i'm really sorry for their situation. none of us want that, but london accounts for nearly 70% of homelessness in england and we are able to facilitate 92% in our boroughs, or in london's boundaries. the government's reviewing the way offices are turned into social housing without planning permission. some say parachuting families into unfamiliar places without better support needs a rethink. nikki fox, bbc news.
british seaside towns are in better need of better housing, transport and broadband and it says young people in coastal communities are being let down by limited access to education and to jobs. our correspondence sarah corker is in cleethorpes with more on this. yes, ona yes, on a windy day like this there certainly aren't many people out on cleethorpes beach and the isolation, the end of the line feel of some of these towns, can be a major challenge, and today's reports that young people living on the coast are being left behind because there is limited access to study, to further education, and there is a lack of long—term job opportunities and that, this report said, is severely denting their aspirations. nothing really happens in these little towns round here. it's mostly elderly people. you do notice that you are sort of a minority. the friends that i had made, they all moved away so they could carry on their education, while i stayed.
growing up on the edge of britain comes with its challenges. it's still a nice place to visit but i think it's dying workwise because there are not many opportunities here any more. abi has lived in mablethorpe on the lincolnshire coast for most of her life. she works in an arcade as well as studying. my parents work in the same area. we all work in the same industry, but it is mainly seasonal, so we rely on the easter six weeks' holidays to really get the hours in. can you see yourself staying here in the long term? i don't think so. for students at the town's college, poor transport links and the cost of travel are a problem. last winter the buses stopped for a couple of days, so i couldn't get in to do my maths lessons then. some of the times ijust don't have enough money to get here. it's about £7.60 to get here and back. a day? a day, yeah. and there's not many places to actually come and study around lincolnshire. you know, places have been closing down and it's harder to find the education that you want,
as opposed to like a bigger city. today's house of lords report urges the government to prioritise improvements to the transport network, digital connectivity and further education, all to counteract the challenges of the end—of—the—line location. it recommended free transport for over—16s in education and identified poor housing as a significant issue. this town's only secondary school closed three years ago. parents say children here are increasingly isolated. we live in a deprived area, and it has had a huge effect. a lot of the kids, you know, theyjust think, we live in a dead—end town, what is the point, what is the point in us going anywhere because we can't achieve anything, because we can't get to college? there is no single solution to these problems, but entrepreneurship can play a big role. you've got to find opportunities wherever you are, and our opportunity was here, selling clothes. further up the lincolnshire coast in cleethorpes, the tillett sisters run a retail business. we've got several apprenticeships
running for girls just to develop the young people who don't necessarily want to go away further afield, and stay in good old cleethorpes and develop their skills. the government says it recognises the challenges facing seaside towns and that by 2020, it will have invested £200 million in the great british coast. there have been many blue peter pets over the years, with some becoming almost as well—known as the presenters. today, the first new dog on the show for ten years has been doing his first round of media appearances. henry the two—year—old beagle basset—hound was discovered at a rescue centre and this morning he found himself on radio five live as well as the breakfast sofa, accompanied by blue peter presenter, lindsey russell. good luck to henry! lets get a look at the weather. he has chris fawkes, and some snow about.