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tv   BBC News  BBC News  April 4, 2019 8:00pm-9:00pm BST

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this is bbc news. i'm reeta chakrabarti. the headlines at 8pm. a report into last monthmy ethiopian airlines crash which killed one at a 57 people finds the pilots were not to blame. —— 157 people. the crew performed all the procedures. repeatedly provided by the manufacturer but was unable to control the aircraft. more talks between labour and the government to find a way forward on brexit. downing street they were detailed and productive and that two sides hope to meet again tomorrow. the german chancellor visits doubling with talks for the irish premise about the deadlock and the possibility of a new brexit. in the event of a no—deal with the uk crashes out without an agreement,
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it is not possible to have a clear plan because there are so many different contingencies and hypotheticals. the painters of a debt —— bad diet. scientists say that it is worse than smoking. and it is bigger than the film and music businesses combined. it is the baf does for the video games industry. —— baftas for the video games industry. good evening. the pilots of the ethiopian airlines flight which crashed last month, killing all 157 people on board, followed all the procedures recommended by the plane's manufacturers. that's the conclusion of a preliminary report by ethiopian investigators. the country's transport minister described how the boeing 737 max repeatedly nosedived, despite the pilots‘ best efforts.
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the plane's anti—stall software is at the centre of an investigation into a fatal 737 max crash in indonesia last year. boeing says it'll review the report and take all necessary steps to enhance aircraft safety. here's our transport correspondent tom burridge. harrowing details today of the final moments before this ethiopian airlines boeing 737 max 8 plummeted into the ground. seconds after take—off, an automatic anti—stall mechanism was pushing the plane down. the pilots wrestled to pull up. but like the crew on the same type of plane which crashed months earlier, in similar circumstances, they were unable to bring the plane under control. at one point, the ethiopian crew followed the procedure outlined by boeing, but they couldn't stop the plane nosediving again. the crew performed all the procedures repeatedly provided by the manufacturer, but was not able to control the aircraft.
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346 people killed, in two similar crashes involving boeing's latest short—haul aircraft. the max is boeing's latest version of its very popular 737. new heavier engines make it much more fuel—efficient, but in flight, their weight and position force the plane's nose up a bit. if the angle of flight becomes too high, then a plane can stall and crash. so, boeing designed a computer system on the max called mcas, which automatically pushes the nose down. before the max was grounded, that system relied on just one of two sensors at the front of the aircraft, which calculate the angle at which the plane is flying. but in both crashes, the data from that censor was incorrect. so, as we've shown up here, the computer system thought the plane was at a high angle of attack when, in fact, it wasn't. look at what happens
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when the system kicks in. it was designed to do that but, instead, it wrongly caused the plane to nosedive. unaware of what was happening, the pilots pulled up. but the system was designed to reactivate again and again and, within minutes, they'd lost control. she had leadership written all over her. she had compassion, in an intellectually rigorous way. everybody loved her. ralph nader's great—niece was on the ethiopian airlines flight. famous for battling — and beating — big multinationals over safety, he now plans to take boeing to court. usually, airlines and aircraft manufacturers get away with a quick settlement, a little bit of a public—relations problem. my message to boeing is, don't think this is going to happen again. and the responsibility will start with the ceo and the managers that
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made this critically—fatal decision for over 350 innocent people. you can see that the aircraft is now in quite a steep dive... now, that's the effect of mcas... captain chris brady has 18 years of experience flying 737s. that's the stall warning, to tell you the aircraft's about to stall. and so he thinks the processes by which planes are modified and certified need to be reviewed. it's the processes which are... ..which are flawed. and the processes should be catching these kind of developments. boeing says safety is at the core of everything it does. with hundreds grounded and thousands of orders on ice, it's working to modify this plane to make it safer, but some will question whether it should have been signed off to fly. tom burridge, bbc news. earlier, our north america correspondent america correspondent nick bryant gave us
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this update from outside boeing's headquaters in washington. boeing is facing one of its biggest crisis in its 103—year history. and they are saying they are still working on an update for the software onboard the boeing 737 max. now, yesterday they undertook a second demonstration flight with that new software. the ceo of boeing was onboard. now, they started working on that software update after the indonesian crash which begs the obvious questions. why wasn't more urgency attached to that project? and why weren't more alerts sent out to pilots talking about this potential problem? and it is notjust boeing that is under scrutiny, it is the american air regulator as well. ahead of the launch of the 737 max, boeing praised the federal aviation administration for streamlining the certification process. now, did that streamlining mean that safety standards were compromised? and that was nick brandt is
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speaking. with me is david who is operations and safety in their —— safety editor of fight international magazine. the findings suggest that the pilots acted correctly. yes and there are two preliminary reports as your previous reportjust said. and they both say things which are very similarand so they both say things which are very similar and so everything is pointing to this modification, a control system, an automated control system which boeing put uniquely in this particular boeing 737, the max, which is the fourth variant in the long history since 1968 of the 7327 series. nothing like this has happened to that series before. it is quite a shock. how significant do
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you think these preliminary reports are going to be in terms of what happens next? they are immensely significant. this is... it is quite shocking actually what is emerging from these accidents. i think the faa, the federal aviation administration, that is that safety overseer in the united states, has a lot to answer for and boeing does as well. basically, this aeroplane made quite a few changes to it to improve it and quite a few changes to it to improve itand in quite a few changes to it to improve it and in many ways, quite a few changes to it to improve itand in many ways, it quite a few changes to it to improve it and in many ways, it was improved. in terms of efficiency it was improved greatly but a change the handling characteristics of the aeroplane and this is why boeing put in this automatic correction facility. so that it would handle a bit like the others. the only trouble is they really did not design it to be fail—safe, so it has
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-- it is design it to be fail—safe, so it has —— it is failed dangerous and as far as we know now twice and it has killed people in the process. boeing and the faa took a risk with this and the faa took a risk with this and they thought they would get away with it. they did not think something like this would happen. and that is because as your report suggested, the process was not thorough. what seems to have happen is that human understanding that the system was not working could not actually disable the system, the system actually disable the system, the syste m ke pt actually disable the system, the system kept overwrite it with the pilots were doing. exactly, there we re pilots were doing. exactly, there were two things. the system which actually warns this manoeuvring capability, the automatic corrective facility, the device which warrants it that it needs to come into action, that in itself was fallible and there was only one of it. there we re and there was only one of it. there were two of these veins which actually are on the outside of the aeroplane that are supposed to
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measure the angle at which the aircraft strikes the air. only one of them fed in. so if that one was in error and gave heiress to the system, the system could operate when it was actually not required and that is what seems to have happened in both cases. just one sensor, one sensor and you happened in both cases. just one sensor, one sensor and you have a catastrophe like this. that is not how aeroplanes traditionally are designed. if one system goes wrong, normally another system kicks in and with safety critical stuff, you have three systems, you have a xxx system that backs it all up. they tried this one to come up with the single system and their puff is been called. —— their puff is been called. —— their puff is been called. overthrew the 50 lives of been lost. this plane is been grounded worldwide. the hit is
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tremendous to boeing. it has a 103 year history. it is probably one of these from its brand names in the world. it has produced a superb aeroplanes of which the 737 series isa aeroplanes of which the 737 series is a very good example. it is the most successful aeroplane that has ever flown. in terms of long jevity and reliability and everything. it's and reliability and everything. it's a really good aeroplane. —— in terms of longevity. they know that they cannot afford to produce a fix which then itself goes wrong. i think these aeroplanes are going to be grounded worldwide for quite some time to come because they have got to get it fixed right. if they do get it right, our members are very short. boeing's brand—name is very strong. it will recover but they have got to get it right. david, think you very much for coming. david learmount.
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the german chancellor angela merkel has arrived in dublin for talks with the irish prime minister about the brexit deadlock. it comes just days after leo varadkar held discussions with his french counterpart emmanuel macron in paris. after the meeting today mr varadkar described the german leader as "a strong ally of ireland". our ireland correspondent emma vardy reports. through ireland's green fields, a key eu leader arrives. angela merkel‘s visit comes amid warnings the possibility of the uk leaving without any deal has increased. and there's growing speculation over whether ireland could be asked to budge. translation: we will do everything in order to prevent a no—deal brexit, britain crashing out of the european union, but we have to do this together, with the united kingdom. officials have been keen to portray this visit as a show of support, not a sign that ireland is under pressure, but germany and other eu countries too will want concrete
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answers soon over how the irish border — the eu's new frontier — is going to work. food producers are looking at what's on the brexit horizon for the goods they sell. and this week, uk potato firms were told they could no longer export to the eu if there's no deal. new eu approval would be needed once we're outside the club. sleepless nights, er, wondering, "what are we going to do?" contingency plans, we've some in place. but potentially, what could happen is, we would have to downsize the business. border communities have been gathering in recent days to mark their growing frustration and fear. ireland hasn't revealed how checks will be carried out while keeping an open border, the foundation of this island's relatively recent peace. i vividly remember what it was like.
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and i say, as a young fella, we would have spent most of our sundays filling in these roads that i'm talking about. the roads would be blown up. these people have genuine fears about this border reappearing again. so, would a customs union with the eu help solve the problem? it would remove the need for checks to ensure goods coming into ireland had all their duties paid, but products would still have to be examined to make sure they meet eu rules. and a customs union could mean the uk is restricted from striking new trade deals of its own. thousands of potatoes from the uk are sent to ireland every week. i think we're alljust worn out with it, because it'sjust... it's the chopping and changing, nobody has a clue. without a deal, the eu has warned potatoes are just one of a number of british exports that could be disrupted overnight. emma vardy, bbc news, dublin.
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meanwhile a second day of talks between the government and labour have broken up without any breakthrough in the deadlock. jonathan blake is at westminster for us jonathan blake is at westminster for us andi jonathan blake is at westminster for us and i believe it is worth pointing out that these are not talks between jeremy pointing out that these are not talks betweenjeremy corbyn and the premise are. it was their teams. senior ministers from the government side, stephen barclay and david lidington and on the labour side, the shadow boxes secretary keir starmer, rebecca long bailey, the shut up as a secretary and a couple others making up the numbers. and the idea is to find some kind of consensus as to an agreement that they can come to in the shape of a brexit deal or an aspirational brexit deal or an aspirational brexit deal or an aspirational brexit deal they could put to the house of commons to get mps to back. but as you say two days of talks, another four and a half hours or so
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today, and no breakthrough. we are told the talks are expected to continue tomorrow but both sides would say at the end of the talks today was that there were details, technical discussions and they hope to continue them tomorrow. in terms of the substance of what they are discussing, we don't really know if they got to the meat of the matter yet in terms of what each side will be happy to agree to and where the give and take would come. but there is an expectation i think now that this process is going to continue rather than being wrapped up in a few days and theresa may may well end up going to brussels in the middle of next week to that eu council summit to meet the 27 other eu leaders and ask for an extension on the basis that these talks are ongoing and that they hope to achieve an agreement not having had achieve an agreement not having had a significant breakthrough or reach to conclusion by then. those talks have happened during the day, debates are still going on in the
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house of lords this evening. another aspect of the present process. the house of lords is debating a bill that snuck through the house of commons yesterday put forward by the labour backbencher yvette cooper which forces the government in the absence of any agreements to ask for an extension to the brexit process and allows mps a course of action to approve the length of that extension which would of course have to be agreed to by the eu as well. it's effectively a way of guarding against a no—deal brexodus and the house of lords have been discussing all day somewhat ironically whether the process of this bill should be rushed through in a day or so. but they have reached an agreement of sorts that it will have its second reading tonight and that could go on way into the small hours of perhaps tomorrow morning as well where they discussed the substance of the bill in broad terms and then on monday, they will wrap up with a detailed scrutiny and conclusion and a vote
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on this by the end of monday. so, that process happening almost in parallel to the government's own agenda of trying to hold these talks with the labour party and come to some agreement and also at some point having to ask for some extension next week from the eu. jonathan, many thanks for that. many thanks for that. with me now is a former special adviser to amber rudd when she was home secretary. thanks for coming in, moe. can we look first of these talks going on between the government and labour. what the us to come out of it? second day, details constructed, these are the words being used, a bit of a catchall for "we may not want to tell you exactly what is happening but no one has walked out the room just yet". i think certainly centre around a pearl entry sweet spot. so what is the thing that mps can
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coalesce around from both labour and the government side? and i think the premise or has understandably come to the conclusion having tried her deal three times and the support is just not there from the conservative back benches or the dup so parliament being a numbers game, labour have the numbers, is there a deal that can be done there? i think to watch, the things concerning a both sides are the customs union, much hated by many conservative backbenchers and at odds with the ma nifesto backbenchers and at odds with the manifesto so understandably why. but it seems to be a movement in travel in that direction and equally on the labour side, there are labour mps who do not like the idea of a confirmatory referendum. in fact 55 labour mps wrote tojeremy corbyn today saying so. however the team around him do like the idea so i think there are risks on both sides. the biggest risk is for theresa may.
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how much will she be looking to find something that she can agree with labour? who should be weighing up who she will need the most on her own side? she has been walking apical tight rope for a while. sometimes knowing one side of the other. but we are at the crunch time now, the endgame. that will be the forefront of her mind and by even having the conversation with labour, she has made known that that would annoy people on the conservative backbenchers but the key thing is 110w backbenchers but the key thing is now what is in the national interest. we a re now what is in the national interest. we are in a national crisis. to go back to europe next week, we have to go back with a credible plan even if this is "this is not the direction of travel". do you think it is possible what jonathan blake was saying that she could go next week and say that discussions are ongoing at this time? i think the eu will want to look at and say "we have actually
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already negotiated this with the uk government and look at where we are now". i think the eu will want to see what parliament things. do you have the numbers for this idea, who you are talking to. if there is movement on that than i think that isa movement on that than i think that is a credible option for to go and say "actually, this is on the that is of the deck and get through". without that it is very hard. we can have all the conversation between ourselves to go through, that date, but actually the eu are quite important in this where they will tell us "this is the extension we will give you into what and". what are you working towards if we give you that? i think going to the eu with a bit of a direction of travel away forward is really important 110w. away forward is really important now. we have to leave it there. mo hussein, many thanks. we have seen some germanic moments in the house of commons this week but what happened today was even unusual by those standards. just
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listen to this. —— some dramatic moments in the house of commons. that was the sound of water flooding into the press gallery and then the chamber. proceedings were brought to a close two hours early. also today, the conservative mp james cleverly has been named a junior brexit minister following the resignation of a few ministers after the prime minister's deal. mr cleverley, who is the mp for braintree and campaigned for leave during the eu referendum, was previously deputy chair of the conservative party. fellow brexiteersjustin tomlinson and will quince have both been made ministers at the department for work and pensions. voting is under way in newport west. the parliamentary by—election was triggered by the death of the labour mp, paul flynn. eleven candidates are standing. the result is expected in the early hours of tomorrow morning. at 10:40 this evening in the papers, our guestsjoining me tonight are kate andrews, news editor at the institute of economic affairs and grace blakeley,
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economics commentator at the new statesman. time for support now and for a full round up from the bbc sport centre, here is holly hamilton. good evening. england women's football manager phil neville says the issue of racism in the sport can no longer be swept under the carpet. insisting someone needs to take a stance. it follows racist abuse aimed at juventus' teenage forward moise kean during a serie a match on tuesday. neville says he would bring his team off in those circumstances. i would hope i would have the courage to bring the team off because to make a real stance and i think it has gotten to the point where we can't no longer continue to sweep things under the carpet. that will not get to the bottom of the real issue. i think we have the courage and the backing more
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importantly to maybe bring a team off, stop the game and say "this is not good enough, we will ponder supporters causing the problems". i think i would hope i will have the courage to do that. —— we will punish supporters causing problems. celtic captain scott brown has also been charged after he celebrated by the rangers fans. gerrard was understood to have made comments to referee bobby madden. meanwhile rangers winger ryan kent failed to overturn his two—game suspension for shoving brown to the floor. both clubs have also been cited for a full time confrontation. primarily clubs have paid more than £260 million to football agents this year but it is liverpool who topped the spending table for the second yearin the spending table for the second year ina the spending table for the second year in a row. according to figures released by the fa, they paid agents nearly £41; million in the two transfer windows this season. premier league clubs spent
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50 million more than last year, an increase of nearly 25%. chelsea, manchester city and manchester united once again complete the top four. there was a surprise when in the future race today. favourite buveur d'air, the two—time cheltenham champion hurdle winner, was beaten in the aintree hurdle by supasundae, who's trained byjessica harrington and ridden by robbie power. the main event on saturday is, of course, the grand national. the a0 runners have been confirmed today and they include last year's winner tiger roll, who is the favourite. and leeds, who are currently bottom of the table, are already in trouble. conceding three tries in the opening quarter of an hour, including this from will oakes. it's now 211—6 to rovers with around 30 minutes played.
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saudi arabia's first ever racing driver will make her f4 british champion chip debut this weekend. reema juffali will drive for defending champions double r racing alongside louis foster and sebastian alvarez. she made her competitive racing debut in october 2018 just months after saudi arabia lifted a ban on female drivers. she says it's a "great thing" to represent her country. and last week it was harry kane making that trip to buckingham palace to pick up his mp and today, it was this man's turn. gareth southgate received an obe also for services to football after guiding england to the world cup semi—finals last summer. they play in the inaugral nations league finals this summer and have made a perfect start to euro 2020 qualifying. it comes on the day that england have moved up to fourth in the fifa world rankings. it's lovely that you can plot that progress so we've talked about trying to become the number one team in the world,
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and that has to be our aim. to go from 15th to fourth might have been easier than the next step and there are some teams that are behind us that will be working extra hard to bridge that gap as well. we are working and enjoying the journey and we have to keep on doing it. that's all the sport for now. i'll have more for you in sportsday at 10:30. thank you. now, how healthy is your diet? well according to a new report in the medicaljournal the lancet, poor diet is responsible for one in five premature deaths worldwide. our correspondent sarah campbell has been looking at the details. this report by researchers from the university of washington is pretty startling. their analysis found that the daily food we eat is a bigger killer globally than smoking. around the world, 11 million people die prematurely each year because of their diet. and after comparing
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eating habits and 195 countries, research has found that salts whether inbred or process meals shortens the most lives. so what is the picture in britain? we have the 23rd lowest mortality rate due to poor diet. bottom of the table is uzbekistan and at the top it's israel. mediterranean countries have a strong culture of eating a healthy dietary pantera. a strong culture of eating a healthy dietary pa ntera. eating a strong culture of eating a healthy dietary pantera. eating 20 efficient vegeta bles dietary pantera. eating 20 efficient vegetables and not much of the processed meat and not much red meat. i think people can learn from that. it is not like we had to eat like people in japan that. it is not like we had to eat like people injapan and italy but we can learn from those healthy dietary patterns and apply them to the things we like doing here. dietary patterns and apply them to the things we like doing herem the things we like doing herem the uk in 2017 the study estimates that 14% of deaths were related to diet. so how do decrease that percentage? interestingly the report concludes that more important than cutting out the problem foods is eating much more whole grains, nuts and seeds, and fruit and vegetables.
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that was sarah campbell. it's the most prestigious night of the year for the british gaming industry which, according to the trade body, is now worth a record £5.7 billion. and with one in three of us playing some form of mobile, console or computer game every day, the industry has become more lucrative than movies and music combined. steffan powell has been looking at some of the nominations. you're a wanted man, mr morgan... blockbuster releases like red dead redemption 2, nominated for six baftas, have helped achieve this week's record sales figures. we've got lawmen in three different states after us. but with more success comes more scrutiny, and as the industry celebrates tonight, it will also no doubt take a moment to think about some of the issues it's having to deal with. assassins creed odyssey is up for best game, and gives you the option to choose your gender, in a story—focused release. it's an important step in making games more inclusive, according to one of the actors
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shortlisted for best performer. when the news first came out about how you could now choose, and i saw the enthusiasm by the players and the fans, i thought, wow, this is really interesting, i never thought this would resonate this much, so the absolute freedom that they had and the excitement they had because of it, it was absolutely wonderful, and i'm hoping there will be a lot more of it in the future. more and more games, these days, are focusing on online play, and stamping out abusive behaviour is top of the agenda for many developers, like rare, whose pirate adventure, sea of thieves, is up for best evolving and best multiplayer game. it is totally our responsibility as developers to create the right type of experiences, and influence people to behave in the right type of way. you know, anything to do with online social behaviour, i think that is totally our kind of place to set the right example, and, you know, the more we can do tojust influence human behaviour in a positive way, i think, the better it makes
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the world for everyone. not of this realm, but there's no mistaking it. getting it right on issues like these, and others, such as addiction and gambling, is a must for those who make, perform and sell games, if they expect the industry to keep growing at the rate it has been. stefan powell, bbc news. now it's time for a look at the weather with helen willetts. good evening. we've had a good bit more wintry weather throughout the day today but gradually that's no risk is becoming confined to the very tops of the hills across wales, across the northwest of england and in northern ireland, it is mostly rain we see pushing up across the south west and wales through the night. so, alleviating too many frost issues here but under the clear skies further east again it is going to be chilly. particularly in the countryside there will be a ground frost around with a few icy patches. hopefully enough breeze to alleviate fog issues. watch out for some hill fog underneath his band of rain which will make for a rainy day in northern ireland for example. further showers will plague southern
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and western england, wales. but for scotland, the large majority stays fine and dry. just the odd shower in central and eastern england as well. temperatures are on the up. as we've lost that northerly wind, picked up the southerly instead, we are getting a little bit more sunshine. it's stronger at this time of year and at that gradual rise in temperature continues into the weekend with fewer showers by that stage, too. hello, this is bbc news. the headlines... a report into the crash last month that killed 157 people clients pilots were not to blame. the crew performed all the procedures. repeatedly provided by the manufacturer but was unable to control the aircraft. more talks between labour and the
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government to find a way forward on brexit. downing street said they we re brexit. downing street said they were a detailed and productive, and to sidestep the meeting and tomorrow. the german chancellor visits dublin with the irish prime minister to talk about the deadlock and the possibility of no deal exit. in the event of a no deal, where they uk crashes out without an agreement, it's not possible quite frankly to have a clear plan because there's so many different contingencies and hypotheticals. the dangers at a magic diet, scientific lovely it's a bigger killer than smoking. —— globally. it's bigger than that found an music industry combined, it's that backed up for that video game industry. let's return now to the meeting between german chancellor angela merkel and the irish prime minister,
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for talks about the brexit deadlock. it comes just days after leo varadkar held discussions with his french counterpart emmanuel macron in paris. in a news conference, mr varadkar stressed it was down to the uk to bring a credible solution to next week's eu summit in brussels. matters continue to play out in london. and i think we need to be patient and understanding of the predicament that they are in. but of christ, any further extension must require and it must had but of course, any further extension must require and it must had a credible and realistic way for it. eastside has said that withdrawal agreement is closed and not up for negotiation. and i believe that is now well understood. it's a compromise in itself and represents a fair and balanced outcome, after two years of negotiations and agreed to by 28 governments. however, we have also always said should united kingdom change its redlines, that we would be prepared to amend that political declaration
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and a future relationship to reflect that. but ireland and germany want to have a future relationship with the united kingdom, which is close and comprehensive and as deep as possible. and we would like to see the withdrawal agreement ratified, so that we can begin the negotiations on a new economic and security partnership, without further delay. however, there is very little time left, and we have to prepare ourselves for all outcomes. with that in mind, we discussed planning at european and domestic level for no deal. including, how we can work together to meet our twin objectives of protecting the good friday agreement, on which piece in ireland is based, and also protecting the integrity of the european single market and the customs union on which our economic model is founded. and i welcome the chancellor's continued understanding and support for the challenges that we face. and if it arises, it'll be a shared challenge for ireland and the european union. the german chancellor said that all of the eu 27 countries will do everything to try and stop the united kingdom leaving without a deal.
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we have a withdrawal agreement, which we feel strikes a fair balance, is a good compromise. unfortunately, this withdrawal agreement itself has not met with a majority in the house of commons. but we do believe that that is a precondition that could be a pre—requisite for that period of transition that will follow. where we hope we will in a calm and collective way be able to define the future relationship between the united kingdom and the european union, we, and i can say this forjeremy and we agree completely with ireland wanting good and intensive relationships as teresa may quite often said, not that we leave the european union but we remain europeans, we have a lot of common ground, for example in the economic area but also an corporation in defence and security issues. and foreign policy, there's lots of common ground there. we wish to bring this to their fully, so we do hope
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the intensive discussions that are unveiling in london, will lead to a situation by next week, when we have the special council meeting, where the prime minister will have something to table two as on the basis of which we can continue to talk. we want to stand together as 27 and for the very last hour, i can say this for the german side, we will do everything in order to prevent a no—deal brexit and britain crashing out of the european union, but we have to do it together with britain and with their position that they will present to us. let's get more now on that initial report by ethiopian investigators out earlier today. its concluded the pilots of the ethiopian airlines flight which crashed last month, killing all 157 people on board,
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followed all the procedures recommended by the plane's manufacturers. speaking ina speaking in a capita, the investigator found that pilots repeatedly followed procedures but not able to control the aircraft and the plane repeatedly nosedived before crashing. joining me now is the chief executive of that flight committee, thank you forjoining us here on bbc news this evening. it appears that the pilots are unable to override the pilots are unable to override the plane and safety system, which was going off falsely as that correct? it appears so, the system is connected to a single angle of attack sense, that the angle of the airflow arriving at the link basically, and that appears to have failed and because of the system it
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was connected to come up with a fairly large and nosedown movement into the system which is a system for making sure the aircraft stays the forces stay balanced amongst various controls. so they were left with a fairly large nosedown input, which appears eventually overwhelmed them. the ethiopian transport minister at the pilots had acted correctly and they had followed safety procedures, like this to say about safety training and safety procedures to you? well, that safety, it's unfortunate that this failure, which appeared twice, was not envisaged at the design stage to, so the procedure that was promulgated after the indonesian accident invited or instructed pilots to disabled the system by
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turning the electrical power to it, there is a secondary system that you can use to access the trim at the aeroplane, it's a manual system, it's a wheel on the flight deck which is actually quite difficult to operate, but it does work. provided that you are in the white —— right range of the movement. these pork chops were left with a fairly significant amount of trim applied by the automatics, which they read then unable to cope with on this manual back—up system, it's actually not easy to use and it's quite slow, so they were unable to control the forces at that stage, it would appear. yes of course, we are waiting for march to amorous, these are preliminary reports. there had been fingers pointed at the faa, the american safety watchdog, for perhaps clearing this device without
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due checks, what can you tell us about that safety culture within the aviation industry? safety culture of the industry is fantastic, i mean, we look at these accidents, they are very rare actually, yet greater risk of crossing the road at the airport, so the culture is there, a just culture where you don't get into the chapel for making honest mistakes, but there is an underlying regulatory framework, south when you are building aeroplanes, it has to be certified as being safe and there isa be certified as being safe and there is a fairly rigorous process as he would imagine, that does not. it's agreed between the manufacturer and the regulator that complies, that includes a training package that goes with it, and it's been released for service, so at some stage in the process of developing this aeroplane, something has gone wrong and it may be just to analysis on
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the proponent that went in when you have to look at possible failure mechanism to make a paltry analysis if you'd like, to work out what may go wrong and something has happened in the interim, and i believe that the original design that was produced, which changed over the developments of the system had much more authority to control movement so it appears that the bit that caught people out, but the investigation will look at that end of course there's a separate investigation going on in the states into that and how that process happen, and obviously the company building itself will look very hard at its own system to look where things went astray. 0k, leaving it there for now, many thanks. britain is to get the world's first centre designed to help the military care for civilians in conflict zones. it will train personnel from all three of the armed services in how to safeguard civilians in places facing war and terror threats.
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the announcement to set up the centre was made by the defence secretary, gavin williamson, at a special military exercise on salisbury plain today. duncan kennedy was there. this is the army arriving, not for combat but for caring. it is salisbury plain, it could be south sudan. it's an exercise to show that soldiers are now involved in everything from helping victims of rape to child sexual exploitation. it feels like a much more caring approach from a military. i would agree and i think that's what's needed, because there isn't a one result fits all, so you have to look at the developing issues and develop the response and a light of these issues are very sensitive to gender and sexual based violence. so you need a more sensitive approach to that. call it hearts and minds of the 21st century. today a new centre of excellence was announced to train armed forces in what it now calls human security. it is not just about when you go
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into a conflict zone, about securing the military objectives in terms of land or territory, it is about looking after the population, civilians in that area and that is the only way you can bring security. it has not been decided yet where this new centre will be based in britain but it is believed to be the first of its kind anywhere in the world and will start with a budget of £2 million per year. the new centre will highlight civilian needs were militaries plan and conduct their operations. it still means bangs and bullets but now with sympathy and sensitivity. there's been a dramatic drop in signs of cervical cancer among women in scotland who were given the vaccine for human papilloma—virus, or hpv.
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the finding comes in reasearch published in the british medicaljournal. a uk wide immunisation programme was introduced for girls aged twelve to thirteen ten years ago. lorna gordon has more. laura mcadam discovered she had cervical cancer in her early 30s. doctors had noticed changes in the cells in her cervix when she went for a routine smear. the hpv vaccine fights the infection which is linked to most cervical cancer cases. laura says she wishes it had been available to her. definitely, iwould, yep, take it in a heartbeat. if it's going to stop anybody going through what i went through, then it's worth doing it. all school—age girls are routinely offered the hpv vaccine. this study tracked the health of nearly 140,000 girls in scotland who'd been offered it. the uptake here has been high, about 90%. researchers looked at the first smear tests of those receiving the vaccine and found a 90% reduction in precancerous cervical abnormalities.
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this vaccine has exceeded our expectations, in that respect. i think in 20 to 30 years' time, we'll look back and see — if the uptake stays nice and high — that we've potentially eliminated this cervical cancer. across the uk, 840 women died of cervical cancer in 2016. it's one of the most common cancers in women under 35. but hpv is also linked to other cancers — including those of the head and neck — and later this year, the hpv vaccine will be routinely offered notjust to girls, but to all school—age boys in scotland too. as part of her treatment, laura had to have a hysterectomy and lymph nodes removed. she still has a scan every six months. she urges those eligible to have the vaccine, and for women to go for their smear tests, as a smear test saved her life. laura gordon, bbc news. the headlines on bbc news...
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a report into the last month's ethiopian airlines crash killing 157 people finds the pilots are not to blame. more talks between labour and the government to find a way forward on brexit. downing street said they we re brexit. downing street said they were detailed and productive, and the two sites have to meet again tomorrow. the german chancellor visits dublin for tots at the irish my minister about the brexit deadlock, and the possibility of a no deal exit. over the past two years thousands of people at risk of homelessness from london have been moved into converted offices in the essex town of harlow. it was dreamt up as a solution to boost the supply of housing. but there are now concerns that the project is putting a strain on local communities and leaving vulnerable families feeling abandoned. nikki fox reports. towering over this essex town, these former offices now converted to emergency housing,
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where families with young children from london councils live side by side with ex—offenders and addicts. there's actually someone standing with a crack pipe, standing with one in their hand, and another one's got needles in their hand, and there's blood splattered up the wall. if i'm homeless and they are give me this, how can i turn round and say "i don't want that". i'm homeless! how can i then turn something down? but they shouldn't have sent me to this place. since the block opened last year, crime's up 20%. a new police unit's had to be set up. we have nuisance youths, we have anti—social behaviour, we've had violence, we've had fights and we've had and knife crime. these companies need to look at the vetting of the people they are putting in and they need to take some responsibility around the placements of certain individuals. we have about 90 cameras covering the building. caridon property told us it does support tenants and many are grateful to leave london. if they wasn't with us they would be in hostels or shared accommodation, b&bs, and if someone does cause
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a regular nuisance, you know, we will ask them to be removed. in harlow more than a dozen office blocks have been converted to flats. they don't need planning permission and many are scattered on the far edges of town. a makeshift play area in a fenced off section of a car park. this block, run by a different company, on an industrial estate miles from the town centre. the only thing around us is warehouses and business centres. like there's not a shop, the closest shop to us is a 40 minute walk. even the commute back to where your family live and things like that, that's what makes you feel isolated as well. councils in london blame a shortage of affordable housing and say they can't compete with private landlords. look, i'm really sorry for their situation. none of us want that, but london accounts for nearly 70% of homelessness in england and we are able to facilitate 92% in our boroughs, or in london's boundaries.
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the government's reviewing the way offices are turned into social housing without planning permission. some say parachuting families into unfamiliar places without better support needs a rethink. nikki fox, bbc news. let's get more now on the bafta games awards, celebrating outstanding creative achievement in the gaming industry. leading the way is mythology—based action adventure "god of war", which has ten nominations. our technology repoter, chris fox has been on the red carpet ahead of this evening's ceremony. it seems like every year at this event gets more glamourous and more glitzy. this year, we are even in central london rather than out in the sticks, which is quite nice. and it's no surprise, because last year, the gaming industry in the uk was worth £5.7 billion. so it's a big deal. who do you tip to win? i find that impossible to do with this. anyone who knows about games knows it's a hugely diverse industry
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and the different pounds, and you always presume the one that'll do well at big blockbuster games. for example, god of war was huge this year and red redemption was huge, big, big games. but bafta has a tendency to go quirky, and i have to, its equivalent to the movie industry, like going in being choosing all indie and not going for big blockbusters. after had a tendency to do that and teaches something and get five awards for a game you've never heard of indie and even though nominated, not giving a game of the year. it's like always an unexpected pleasure in the end. feels like all anyone has been talking about, at least in the press, it is fortnight, and that's only nominated for two awards. it is, but it was around last year as well. actually it gets included in the evolving games, that's another strategy in the industry, as games that change and have different seasons and staff, i mean, even though it's like what ever there is millions of people playing it, now move onto the next thing and that was last
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year story in this room. and what have you been playing with the kids this year? fortnight. of course. loads of those kind of battle royale games, overcooked is really good if you want to have an argument with their children. i recommend it enormously. astrobots, if you want to see a game that makes virtual reality work for the first time, something that feels essential for virtual reality because those things had been in the market for a while, but we had not found a killer application for it, it's really good. but yeah, that's a tonne of stuff. we seen again in the last few days, the suggestion that video games are addictive, is there truth in that? certainly think they are in the sense that they are very pleasurable experience to have, and they been doing that for 40 years, they're very interesting and how you design a piece of entertainment and at that directly trade goes that mean rushing to the brain the right kind of speed listen, if you're worried about kids and addiction is down to you in the parenting. down to you in limiting screen time and keeping an eye on what products they bring in the house
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and what they play, that's always been the case and i find with that debate, there seems to be not much academic back—up for some of the scariest stories about it, but as well as you're talking to someone like me who is generation, we played hours of video games as well, like 30—40 years ago and i'm like a poster boy for normality. now it's not every day that a vincent van gogh masterpiece and a van halen guitar are featured in the same place but you can currently find both at new york's metropolitan museum of art. next week the exhibit play it loud will open to the public and rock and roll fans can't wait to get a look. the display brings together rarely seen guitars and instruments from more than 80 renowned musicians such as bob dylan, elvis presley and the beatles. our north american reporter nada tawfik got a behind the scenes look and even ran into a special guest.
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the quiet galleries of the met are filled with precious masterpieces from the world's greatest sculptors and painters. but the volume has been turned up to showcase a very different artistic movement, rock and roll. the exhibition play it loud lets music lovers get up close to the instruments of legends, fromjimi hendrix to bob dylan. this is the first major art exhibition dedicated to the instruments of rock and roll. there are more than 100 pieces and some are on loan from the greats themselves. jimmy page from the british rock band led zeppelin lent several of his prized possessions, like this double necked guitar and stage outfit used in stage performance of the hit song stairway to heaven.
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he said when the met approached him with the idea, he loved it. it was said that you come through the greco roman statues to the gallery and the first thing you see is chuck berry's guitar. i said, the blonde guitar? they said, yes. i said, what exactly would you like? just tell me what you want. absolutely. ijust really wanted to help the thing along as best as i could. the electric guitar is synonymous with rock and roll. this one was used by chuck berry to record johnny b goode and each so—called guitar god had their own style. this one, for example, is a great piece. this is called frankenstein and it was built and decorated by eddie van halen, one of the great 70s and 80s guitarist. you can see these are cigarette burns. he put his cigarette in there while he was playing. and then of course this decoration, spray paint and tape and cutting it away, creating this visual motif that was highly copied, certainly in the 80s when i was growing up. a few of the items you have are
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actually from the beatles, right? yeah, and i think one of the most iconic things probably in the whole show is this beautiful black oyster pearl drum set that was used by ringo starr. in fact, this was the first american ludwig — you can see the name up there — drum set that he owned. after people saw him play, everyone wanted a drum set that looked exactly the same way with that exact decoration. and each one of these rock relics tells a story, as does the exhibition itself. a movement built on rebellion is now being revered at the heart of the artistic establishment. a driving instructor who had his instagram name taken away and get into prince harry and megan says he feels a flatter but also annoyed. kevin had been using at sussex
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royal, because he supports it. but he found out on tuesday that instagram had given his name to the royal couple. now it's time for a look at the weather with helen willetts. thank you, type in the game weather—wise april showers as well, the weather watchers sent this photo and from gwinnett and west wells not far, beautiful rain —— rainbow ca ptu red far, beautiful rain —— rainbow captured their quite striking really striking skylights in recent days as well because of that nature and that the weather at low—pressure meandering its way all the cloud meandering its way all the cloud meandering its way around the area of blood pressure, standing shower clouds of christ, with them some hailand clouds of christ, with them some hail and thunder and sleet and snow we have had some snow, whiles as well and the welsh marches look up toa well and the welsh marches look up to a covering this morning still smelling on the tops of the mountains in wales and data continue by january snow level is rising and where the cloud miles around in the west not as cold tonight, no frost
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except for the lights now and further east under a starry sky as it turns nippy again with a touch of frost but not as the night. that's because he cut the arctic air app and pulling and air across from the west of europe, and again not sparkling the wind but mother went to her —— wind, snow becoming much more limited to the house. for friday, across scotland where today we had the rain stack across the northeast is moved into the northern iso northeast is moved into the northern i so hopefully drier and brighter for northern ireland of more rain to come. he showers in scotland and further south, just shower and so on and they continue to meander around the area of blood pressure while further east, central and eastern areas, fewer downpours than today, temperature is a little bit higher, more strong april sunshine as the cp showers, in the field more pleasant, set even though the weekend looks
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quite cloudy i think for most of us it'll be drier and mild there, if you like, i'm trying to say increased in temperatures, slightly by day and night will be felt because he had some sunshine to enjoy. the difference of the weekend is the showers become are limited, it starts to be more eastern me, so quite chilly and cloudy and a big grey and misty with c harden, the west could be back this weekend for sunshine considering tomorrow will be lots of showers here, but we could be picking up a few my showers on sunday, even for the boat race in london, but look at the temperatures is there recovering except right on the coast because that feed off that chilly north sea, i will see you later.
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hello, i'm kasia madera. this is outside source. accident investigators point the finger at boeing after one of its newest planes crashed in ethiopia. the crew performed all the procedures repeatedly provided by the manufacturer but was not able to control the aircraft. boeing responds to the findings saying the plane had a faulty sensor. after two deadly crashes, the company says a new software fix should solve the problem. more talks between labour and the government to find a way forward on brexit. downing street said they were productive and the two sides hope to meet again tomorrow. the leaders of germany and ireland meanwhile put


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