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tv   The Briefing  BBC News  April 9, 2019 5:00am-5:31am BST

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in order to form a governing coalition. security is a major issue but there has been much debate about how to achieve a lasting peace with this is the briefing — the palestinians. no no no i'm maryam moshiri. encouraging trade talks — our top stories: nine pro—democracy activists china and europe meet in brussels in hong kong are found guilty in brussels later to discuss how for their part in to increase their multi—billion dollar financial relationship protests five years ago. polls open in israel's general election. benjamin netanyahu is fighting for his political survival. we take you to senegal where the combination of dust and old cars is making the air dangerous to breathe.
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trade talks — the eu and china meet in brussels to discuss how to shore up their multi—billion dollar financial ties. plus, i'll get the latest on the decade long battle between boeing and airbus — as the us draws up a list of sanctions against european products. a warm welcome to the programme — briefing you on all you need to know in global news, business and sport. in one of hong kong's most politically—charged trials in years, a judge has found 9 democracy activists guilty of rarely used public nuisance laws —
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carrying a maximum punishment of 7 years jail. among the group are 3 campaigners who founded the pro—democracy occupy central movement in 2013, which a year later joined with the so—called umbrella movement and brought parts of the city to a standstill for months. joining me now is our correspondent stephen mcdonell in beijing. remind us what this was about. there was a process whereby people in hong kong were asked to decide on a form of voting for the leader and most people there decided that what was being offered as a kind of rigged thing which meant they couldn't really choose directly their leader which they had been promised when hong kong was handed overfrom britain back to mainland china. to try and bring about these genuine elections whereby people in hong kong could choose, directly choose
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their leader, a very large cockade could take place in the heart of the hong kong cbd, bringing the heart of the city to a standstill and it failed, i'd have to say. if you measure the success of our protest by ushering in these elections, well that didn't happen. then the leaders of that movement were charged under these rarely used colonial era laws. now, they face serious punishment and to find out what that punishment will be but it could be years in jail. it's being seen as quite a watershed in hong kong. how they felt about the protest or whether the heart of the city should have
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been brought to a standstill, i think nevertheless, this is a rather harsh punishment for what is just protesting, calling for democracy, calling for these elections which we re calling for these elections which were promised in hong kong. of course, beijing didn't see it that way. it has put a lot of pressure on the government of hong kong to come down hard on those protest is because well, for example, where i'm sitting in beijing, all that protest footage was blocked out. people weren't able to see that on the mainland. this mass protest movement is not something the communist party in china wants to see. these protest leaders are facing harsh punishment.
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voting has just begun to choose a new government in israel. the vote is expected to be close and will likely lead to negotiations to form a coalition government once results are in. (os)this is the scene live: sunrise over jerusalem's old city as polling stations open in israel's parliamentary elections. the incumbent prime minister benjamin netanyahu is fighting for his political life. he's seeking a fourth consecutive term — if he wins he is set to become israel's longest serving leader. mr netanyahu has pitched himself as the sole guarantor of israel's security. but he has been dogged by looming corruption charges, his right wing likud party is being challenged by a centrist alliance led by a former military chief, benny gantz. he has tried to exploit the bribery claims, pledging more honesty and political unity. polls suggest the two parties are closely tied. our chief international correspondent — lyse doucet — is in tel aviv.
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this has been described as his toughest election yet but i've covered every election in which benjamin netanyahu covered every election in which benjamin neta nyahu has covered every election in which benjamin netanyahu has one, since the 1990s and are always described as difficult, unpredictable but even by this standard, this one is pretty tough because he has a formidable challenge, a former army chief, benny gantz, who has no political experience who was the man who fought wars for israel and now he is fighting these election battles. the thing about israeli politics is, one israeli party has never governed on its own in the 100—20 ——in the 120— sitka knesset. will it be benny gantz or will it be benjamin netanyahu gantz or will it be benjamin neta nyahu with the gantz or will it be benjamin netanyahu with the largest number of seats with a blue and white alliance and who stands the better chance of
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cobbling together all those small parties which are running in order to form a governing coalition. it's very much a 2— part process. security is a major issue but there's been very little debate about how to achieve a lasting peace with the palestinians. yolande knell reports. violence and conflict are neverfar away in israel. that's why elections here are fought and won on security. i could hear the whoosh, and then boom, up went the explosive. robert wolff's family home was destroyed two weeks ago by a powerful rocket fired by palestinian militants in gaza. nobody was killed, but his baby granddaughter was among those hurt.
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we're a very lucky family. we're all alive, we're all here, we're not — you know, there could have been seven graves up the road. we need a leader who's brave enough to bring peace. in a close campaign, waged with social media videos, benjamin netanyahu argues his global friendships protect israel. he's facing bribery charges, which he denies. his main rival, benny gantz, is a former head of the israeli military, pledging cleaner politics. but when it comes to divisions with the palestinians, neither candidate is committed to them having their own state. in these israeli elections, internationally—approved ideas about how to reach peace with the palestinians are being abandoned. and while that could win votes, the danger is that it will deepen tensions and mistrust, and only perpetuate what's already been a long and painful conflict. standing up to israeli occupation has become part of life for boys at hebron elementary school. tear gas canister goes off.
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yelling. tear gas during morning assembly, after some children had thrown stones at an israeli checkpoint nearby. four students were taken to hospital, and all later recovered. palestinians don't get to vote in israeli polls, but this teacher says they feel the impact of the outcome. translation: we, as palestinians, don't care about the israeli elections or who will become the prime minister, because each one is worse than the last. there's nothing new. just empty promises, lies. whoever‘s israel's next leader faces the challenge of continuing unrest and a stalled peace process. but this election could bring a change of face, rather than direction. yolande knell, bbc news, jerusalem. and there'll be continuing coverage
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of the israeli election here on bbc news. alternatively — you can go to our website — where there's five things you should know about the poll. go to bbc.com/news and follow the links. let's brief you on some of the other stories making the news. the turkish electoral commission has rejected a request by the governing ak party for most of the votes cast in istanbul's mayoral election to be recounted. it says votes in only fifty one ballot boxes across the city will be re—examined, likely to have little effect on the opposition‘s estimated 15,000—vote lead. president recep tayyip erdogan has alleged that the elections eight days ago were affected by organised crime. the white house has announced the removal of the director of the us secret service, randolph alles. it's the second senior departure at the homeland security department after the agency's chief, kirstjen nielsen, stepped down on sunday. donald trump accused her of not
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being tough on immigration. the american actress felicity huffman and a dozen other parents have admitted their involvement in a unversity admissions scandal. ms huffman was accused of paying a consultant $15,000 to boost her daughter's exam score. she said she was ashamed of the pain she had caused. theresa may will travel to berlin and then to paris today to urge the german and french leaders to agree to delay brexit. the british prime minister's hoping chancellor merkel and president macron will support her request at an eu summit meeting on wednesday. on monday night, legislation compelling mrs may to extend the leaving process completed its passage through the uk parliament. the bill had been put forward by backbenchers who want to prevent no deal.
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from arch—enemies to entente cordiale — the relationship between britain and france has always been. . . interesting. the latest potential bump in the road is brexit — and how will paris help or hinder the uk's departure from the european union. david eades looks back at what has sometimes been an uneasy friendship. he was famed for having a certain idea of france, is a great nation with a global destiny that he helped to fashion through the european community. the goal‘s wartime dependence on london as a safe haven and h0 also gave him a developed sense of insular, maritime, commercial, industrial world inextricably tied to the us. hardly in tune then with the outlook of the community six. so for all the congenial struggles with harold macmillan in 1963, the gaulle's
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message was crystal clear. you are not coming in. france's stated reason is over different issues in the agricultural policy. most observers agree it is part of degaulle's plan to cut influence on the continent. degaulle spoke almost wistfully about britain's application tojoin. wistfully about britain's application to join. however favourably people might be, england might not be so disposed to our project, hence the long, long british conversations of the membership. by 1967, 11 british conversations of the membership. by1967, 11 —— less enthusiastic harold, harold wilson was in number10. enthusiastic harold, harold wilson was in number 10. britain was in decline with a balance of payments crisis and a currency buffeted by world events. again, degaulle said
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no. if degaulle ever uttered the words over my dead body will effectively, that's what happened. he died in1970. effectively, that's what happened. he died in 1970. ted heath then signed on the dotted line and ever since 1973, britain has been part of the community. but that certain idee de la france lives on in the incumbent. incumbent‘s patients is very in, so would he dare to hold out against his eu colleagues and veto a further brexit extension? stay with us on bbc news, still to come: he could turn his hand to anything and now there's proof leonardo da vinci really was ambidextrous.
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25 years of hatred and rage as theyjump up on the statue. not so this funeral became a massive demonstration of black power, a power to influence. today, it's about the promise of a bright future. a day when we hope a line can be drawn under the bloody past. i think that picasso's works were beautiful, they were intelligent, and it's a sad loss to everybody who loves art.
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you're watching the briefing. 0ur headlines: nine pro—democracy activists on trial in hong kong are found guilty over protests that took place 5 years ago. polls have just opened in israel's general election. prime minister benjamin netanyahu is fighting for his political survival. you'll remember us telling you about the introduction of the new emissions zone in london and attempts to bring down pollution in one of the world's biggest cities. could the move be replicated elsewhere? in west africa, air pollution is increasing fast, impacting those who are vulnerable. louise dewast reports from senegal where more and more children are turning up in hospitals with respiratory conditions. this two—year—old suffers from asthma, a condition worsened by air pollution. next to her is a
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nine—year—old who is also asthmatic. mohammed was brought by his mother to see the professor, of the few experts here specialising in respiratory conditions. translation: it is a nightmare. it is scary when i hear my son struggling to breathe. it is just scary. the doctor has worked at the hospitalfor scary. the doctor has worked at the hospital for 15 years and assess the situation is really bad. translation: every day we have more patients. every day we have cases with asthma attacks. up to five or six a day. before, it wasn't like that. with the statistics, the numbers are really increasing and we believe it is linked to air pollution, air quality, it is very bad. and he is right. severaltimes a year, dakar gets covered in dust. that's natural pollution which can
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cause the air to exceed by seven times the level of small particles recommended by the world health 0rganization. there are also harmful fumes, mainly from cars. scientists say they contained a small particles that make breathing problems worse and according to experts, air pollution in countries like senegal causes more than half of acute respiratory infections in children underfive. respiratory infections in children under five. 0ne respiratory infections in children under five. one of the respiratory infections in children underfive. one of the problems here is that cars are often old and second—hand, meaning they pollute more. this taxi, for example, is 37 yea rs more. this taxi, for example, is 37 years old. the other problem is that fuel and gasoline important —— imported and used here have much higher levels of sulphur and in europe and the us, meaning that cars here emit more of a toxic gas considered a major pollutant. the government has limited taxi licenses to try and reduce the number of old ca rs to try and reduce the number of old cars and there are also discussions
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to lower the levels of sulphur into fuels by the end of the year. senegal is one of the only countries in africa that monitors and publishes the quality of its air daily and when the air‘s really bad, they send out alerts to residents to stay indoors. but it hasn't resulted in significant policy changes and until then, children will continue to be vulnerable to the air that they breathe. louise dewast, bbc news, dakar. here's our briefing on some of the key events happening later. european court of human rights is to rule on case of russian opposition leader alexei navalny, who says house arrest breached his rights. algeria's parliament will elect an interim president after mass protests forced the resignation of long—term leader abdelaziz bouteflika. and here in the uk, campaigners go to the court of appeal over the government's sale of arms to saudi arabia claiming they've
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been used to commit war crimes in yemen. they're seeking to overturn a decision made in 2017 that found the deal was lawful. now it's time to get all the latest from the bbc sports centre. hello, i'm tulsen tollett and this is your tuesday sport briefing where we start with the footballing news that an eden hazard double has ta ken chelsea third in the premier league after they beat west ham 2—0. the belgium captain's first was something to behold as he weaved his way through the defence evading five players during a stunning run, before the forward calmly beat keeper lu kasz fabianski. a second late on confirmed that maurizio sarri's side move above both tottenham and arsenal as the pressure intensifies to keep the 28 year old at the club given real madrid's interest in him. in the last two matches, he played really, really well. what is the name in english? very well. he is
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able to play the last two matches we are lucky. for the first time equal prize money of 100,000 dollars was given to both men and women at the world surf league event in australia. 17—year—old american caroline marks won the year's opening event, pipping former three—time world champion carissa moore for her maiden tour victory. while in the mens final, brazil's italo ferreira had to fight till the last minute against the usa's kuh—lo—hay andino to take the title. three of the premier league's top four are all involved in the champions league quarter finals this week with two of them playing each other. the first leg of tottenham against manchester city will be only the second game at the home side's new stadium. city midfielder kevin de bruyne says that won't make any difference to them. but what does pep guardiola think?
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the supporters support the team more than ever. it is the second time that sports play at home. we know exactly what they are going to face. we have to handle it. if you want to make a step forward as a club, as a team, we have to know to handle these situations. liverpool also play on tuesday against porto, who they beat 5—0 at the last 16 stage last year. jurgen klopp is hopeful both virgil van dijk and georginio wijnaldum will be fit after picking up minor knocks in the win over southampton on friday. you can expect the press room at augusta national to be packed to the rafters later when this man walks in. tiger woods is one of 11 players who'll speak ahead of the masters. many say woods still has the game to add to his 1a major titles — and that the masters is where he has the best chance of doing so. he's won it four times already — but not since 2005.
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back to the champions league — the holders real madrid aren't in the quarter—finals — that's the first time they've not made the last 8 since 2010. marcelo was one of those who lifted the trophy last season. with no champions league football it seems he has a bit more time on his hands. here he is showing off hisjuggling skills. thanks to social media he can still entertain. you can get all the latest sports news at our website — that's bbc.com/sport. but from me tulsen tollett and the rest of the team, that is your tuesday sport briefing. this year marks the five—hundredth anniversary of the death of leonardo da vinci. he is believed by many to be the greatest artist of all time. but scientists in italy say they have recently made new discoveries about both him and his work — as the bbc‘s tim allman explains. he was the definitive
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renaissance man. painter, scientist, engineer, architect, astronomer, historian. the list goes on and on. even now, there is so much more to learn about leonardo da vinci. scientists at the uffizi gallery florence have been taking a closer look at his earliest work. commonly known as landscape 8p, leonardo drew this when he was just 21. analysis of handwriting at the top of the page confirms what many had long believed, leonardo da vinci was ambidextrous. it is truly spectacular what these analyses actually yielded. now we do know that leonardo worked with both hands, notjust, as we know famously, with his left hand. but there is more. 0n the back of the picture there appears to be incomplete sketches of another landscape and drawings of a figure. these are images unlikely to have
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been seen in more than 500 years. perhaps more secrets will now be unearthed in other paintings and illustrations, adding yet more lustre to the legacy of leonardo da vinci. tim allman, bbc news. his birthday is coming up on the 15th of april. the singer madonna will make a guest appearance at the eurovision song contest in israel next month. concert promoters and the singer's us representatives confirmed reports in israeli media that madonna will perform two songs in tel aviv during the three—day eurovision competition in may, which features musicians from more than a0 nations and last year had an audience of 189—million people. send me your ideas on twitter.
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coming up next is the business briefing. stay with us on bbc news. hello there, good morning. not everywhere so the sunshine on monday by any means but where it did make an appearance, it really boosted the temperatures. very warm afternoon in east anglia in particular where it hit 20 degrees. more sunshine to come over the next few days but our getting colder. it is coming all the way from scandinavia. an easterly breeze will drag the air over the cold north sea so temperatures will drop away. still some rain around at the moment and for the rush—hour mainly affecting more southern parts of england and south wales stop further north, much quieter weather. a chilly start, perhaps. 0ne north, much quieter weather. a chilly start, perhaps. one or two mist and fog patches over the hills. the low cloud should have been pushed away by the easterly breezes,
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away from the north—east of england. most away from the north—east of england. m ost pla ces away from the north—east of england. most places will have a sunny start. still some rain around across the day in more southern parts of england and wales and some thunderstorms in the afternoon, especially as it heads to the west of england. elsewhere, the weather doesn't change very much. sunny skies on the hole and a gentle easterly breeze for the most part. chilly around north sea coasts and a significant drop across east —— east anglia, east england and even western scotland. during the evening, rain continues across a south wales and southern england but it is heading southwards, tending to clear away from most areas. there is quys clear away from most areas. there is guys following, light winds, colder, actually. tuesday night and into wednesday morning, a touch of frost or the northern half of the uk. the weather front and any rain on it is getting squeezed away southwards by the building area of high pressure. that will be the dominant feature through the rest of the week and it will keep away these weather fronts from the atlantic. a lot of dry
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weather to come. as we head into wednesday, they may be still some showers through the english channel. 0therwise, showers through the english channel. otherwise, a dry day. perhaps a bit more cloud here and there and a bit ofa more cloud here and there and a bit of a breeze across south—east anglia and the south—west of england. 0therwise, and the south—west of england. otherwise, the temperatures are 9-13. otherwise, the temperatures are 9—13. verbally below par for this time of the year. with the high pressure not really moving, it may be dry into the start of the weekend, sunshine around at times, easterly breezes picking a notch and it will feel rather chilly for this time of year.
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