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tv   BBC News at One  BBC News  April 17, 2019 1:00pm-1:30pm BST

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nearly a billion euros are donated to help reconstruct notre—dame cathedral in paris, ravaged this week by fire. it came as france's prime minister announced an international competition to rebuild the collapsed 19th—century spire. translation: it is an immense challenge, it is an historic responsibility and work for our generation for the sake of the future generations. we'll bring you all the latest from our correspondent in paris. also this lunchtime.... academics tell the bbc that gagging orders are being used to "silence" bullying and sexual misconduct claims. climate protesters climb on top of a train in london's financial district and glue themselves to the roof, in a third day of action.
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here in oxford circus in the heart of london's west end, officers are making a rest as they try to clear this area that has been blocked for three days. —— making arrests. less bacon in your butty — to lessen the risk of bowel cancer — that's the new advice from experts and why a year since the windrush scandal, life has not yet returned to normal for the people affected. and coming up on bbc news... no silverware for manchester united this season — they're out of the champions league, outclassed by barcelona at the nou camp. good afternoon and welcome to the bbc news at one.
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france's president has promised that notre—dame cathedral will be rebuilt within five years, despite the damage caused by monday's fire. emmanuel macron said he was determined the work would leave the building looking even more beautiful by the time paris hosts the olympic games in 202a. more than 800 million euros has already been pledged for the restoration, and france's prime minister this morning promised tax breaks for everyone who donates money. but experts have warned it could take at least a decade to rebuild. our correspondent, hugh schofield, reports from paris. the second day since the fire and fire crews were out on the roof and terrors of notre—dame. the job for now is to make the place safe, shore up now is to make the place safe, shore up what is unstable, remove what is likely to fall. the longer term task of restoration and repair is one thatis of restoration and repair is one that is too far off to contemplate. but at the government's weekly meeting, the long—term is what they we re meeting, the long—term is what they were discussing and division of the day when notre—dame will once again stand proud. translation: this is a
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big challenge and an historic responsibility of this generation. france and the government will deliver. we have already started and set upa deliver. we have already started and set up a special committee to deal with the restoration. pictures from inside the cathedral reveal the scale of the work that lies ahead. it is notjust the roof that has gone, parts of the stone vaulting, too. president macron has said he wants the job done by 2024, five years away, in time for the paris olympics. overambitious? not necessarily. translation: paris olympics. overambitious? not necessarily. translatiosz paris olympics. overambitious? not necessarily. translation: it is possible that the restoration work could take five years, but we would need hundreds of workers to make that happen. it is up to everybody involved to determine how long the reconstruction will take. for me, the urgency is to preserve what is already in place now and in the next few weeks planning will start on how
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to rebuild the cathedral. disasters there have been before to medieval buildings, this at france's beloved notre—dame was may be more devastating than most, but every time it is the same question, what kind of restoration to be chosen? we will try to recreate the original woodworks and timber framework. it isa woodworks and timber framework. it is a fascinating one, it is well designed. there were a lot of surveys, so designed. there were a lot of surveys, so this is one issue. another one which is to recreate something new, using new tools and techniques, and that is what the debate is starting about right now. notre—dame will eventually be restored, the goodwill is there and the skills and money is pouring in, but the task ahead is of monumental proportions. and we can talk to hugh now. as the president's timeframe of five
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yea rs as the president's timeframe of five years realistic? well, we can only say that opinions differ, it is certainly not been laughed out of court, plenty of people are suggesting, yes, with the real devotional resources, skills, money, it is certainly possible. and we know that those are there in abundance, the money is pouring in and there is a huge international consensus that this should be undertaken. but there are voices of caution as well which are saying, hang on, let us not do a rushed job, thatis hang on, let us not do a rushed job, that is not make time the main criteria in all of this, let us not ta ke criteria in all of this, let us not take decisions that we will later regret, and let us not forget that anyjob of this size is going to be huge and will be consisting of various steps. firstly, simply stabilising the building, which they are beginning to do now. that will ta ke are beginning to do now. that will take months or a year, then the long process of analysing and diagnosing
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what actually needs to be done, and then the work itself. it will take certainly years, and another key pa rt certainly years, and another key part of us, as we were hearing in that piece, is what kind of restoration do you want, because you could do it absolutely replicating everything that was there before with wood and trees and the rest of it, but that will take longer than if you choose more modern methods and more modern materials. hugh schofield, thank you. british universities are being accused of using gagging orders to stop claims of bullying, discrimination and sexual misconduct being made public. figures obtained by the bbc show that universities have spent nearly £90 million on pay—offs since 2017, using so—called non—disclosure agreements, which prevent people from making their complaints known. dozens of academics say they've been driven out of theirjobs and made to sign ndas after making complaints. here's our reporter, rianna croxford.
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i've been bullied for six years across two universities by the same man. once designed to protect trade secrets, now creating a culture of silence, nondisclosure agreements are keeping allegations of misconduct in the dark — feeling trapped but desperate to be heard. after i complained, i was advised to sign an nda and leave. i ended up hundreds of miles away at a new university, only for the bully to follow me and continue his harassment. i'm depressed and it's crippling my career. the bbc has spoken to dozens of people who say they felt pressurised into signing an nda. many had faced racist and sexist bullying. others describe being groped and harassed. one woman said she was disciplined for not being at work on the day of her miscarriage. and this academic has decided to break her nda. it's actually been super—helpful... she signed one during ongoing grievances relating to her disabilities, teaching and research role, particularly following her cancer diagnosis, that she felt had not
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been fairly addressed. we need to be a community, even if we don't know each other. we need to know that there are other people out there who have been through the same horrors that we have. it's not... it's not a small thing, and i think it's important for other people to see people like us. the university of liverpool said... for those still trapped in the present, ndas may conceal the problem but they don't heal the wounds left behind. i'm now being prevented from doing myjob. i've been prevented from doing myjob for years since this person arrived. because of the nda, i can't tell people what went on in the past. i can't tell them why he's doing this, and so the university sets aside a pot of money.
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they'd rather pay off people to leave rather than push out the person doing the bullying. the government is trying to tighten the rules on what ndas are used for. these women hope breaking their silence will stop them being misused. and rianna is with me now. these nondisclosure agreements have been under the spotlight, haven't they, since the #metoo movement? is anything being done to reform the system ? anything being done to reform the system? lawyers have said if we cannot quantify the problem, we cannot quantify the problem, we cannot solve it and ndas by their very nature are secret. it is rare for them to come out and be publicly broken. we know universities have spent nearly around £90 million on these agreements, but they cannot see why they were signed, some did not record the data and because of this, there is a general lack of transparency. some people have said to me that they had to choose whether they were going to sign an
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nda over harassment, racism or an employment dispute, and that would affect how we would record it and how we monitor it. as solutions go, we know that the government is currently consulting on the misuse of ndas for harassment and discrimination cases and they are trying to tighten the rules on whistle—blowing to make sure that thatis whistle—blowing to make sure that that is publicly available. anecdotally, we also know there are people who have signed things called confidentiality waivers which means they can speak out about their grievances and a recruitment. but thatis grievances and a recruitment. but that is not standard. people who spoke to me have said they hope that universities will start to accurately monitor their spending, the reasons behind them and that ultimately they will be held to account. rianna croxford, thank you. the priory healthcare group has been fined £300,000 over the death of a child at one of its hospitals. amy el—keria, who was 14, was found hanged in her room at the priory in ticehurst, in east sussex, in november 2012. an inquest found her death might
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have been prevented if she had received proper care. sangita myska reports. amy el—keria was just 14 years old when she took her own life. the teenager had been diagnosed with multiple mental health conditions and had been referred by her local nhs trust for treatment from the private health care group, the priory. today, that company was handed a £300,000 fine by a court for, among other things, failing to properly assess the risks to amy whilst she stayed in hospital it ran in east sussex. al—saadi court, amy's mother said she was disappointed by the size the fine. in the publics eye, the eyes have been opened to what the priory stands for, profit over safety. today, it is an historic day in the
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fight forjustice today, it is an historic day in the fight for justice for amy. today, it is an historic day in the fight forjustice for amy. amy's mother broke down in court today when she heard the judge mother broke down in court today when she heard thejudge issued mother broke down in court today when she heard the judge issued a final £300,000 to the primary health ca re final £300,000 to the primary health care group. any statement, the primary health care group said it wa nted primary health care group said it wanted to... —— priory healthcare group. it added to... thejudge said that the judge said that amy's tragic death had led to a better understanding of how similar are vulnerable and suicidal teenagers should be cared for in the future. sangeeta my skill, bbc news, lewes crown court. —— sangita myska. the government is bringing compulsory age verification checks as part to make the internet safer
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for children. websites that failed to implement the age verification technology could have payment services withdrawn or be blocked for uk users. inflation was unchanged last month, at i.9%. economists had expected a slight increase. lower food prices offset higher prices for clothes and petrol. climate change activists have caused gridlock across london for a third day, in protests designed to "shut down" the capital. protestors have blocked busy intersections, and two demonstrators climbed on top of a train at canary wharf. almost 300 people have been arrested so far, mainly for public order offences. they also glued themselves to the top of the train. our reporter matt cole is at oxford circus. in the last 30 minutes, police have tried to remove people from this busy london interchange, which as you can see at the moment, is busy with people and protesters, no
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policies are no traffic, it has been like that since monday. in the last 30 minutes or so, officers has been handing out leaflets to one people under section 14 of the public order act in 1986 that if they do not move they will be arrested and that is what has been happening. the climate change protesters who would not move have been dragged out one by one, taking away more than a dozen of them ina taking away more than a dozen of them in a fleet of police vans which we understand will be returning to collect more people who are not moving. we understand that the protest at ca nary moving. we understand that the protest at canary wharf has concluded, the demonstrators who tracked —— climbed on top of the train and one who glued himself to it have been removed. this operation, at the moment, there are several hundred protesters still here. they have been dancing and singing and reading poetry. it has been jovial. the key singing and reading poetry. it has beenjovial. the key demand is that they want to see greenhouse gases cut to zero by 2025. at the moment, most of those do not look like they are going anywhere, so i think the police will have quite an operation here for probably much of the
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afternoon. the big question is how many officers well at stake and we will be put those they arrest? 250 people around the capital have been arrested and clearly more will be arrested and clearly more will be arrested later. matt, many thanks. eating even small amounts of red and processed meat can increase the risk of bowel cancer, according to new research. scientists at oxford university say people who stick to nhs guidelines — that's eating no more than three rashers of bacon a day, or half an 8 ounce steak — are still at greater risk of developing the disease. experts say it's further evidence that we should find ways to cut down, as richard galpin reports. the health warnings about what is a traditional mealfor the health warnings about what is a traditional meal for many people are becoming increasingly stark. processed meats like bacon and sausages have, for some time, been known to cause cancer. and this latest study suggests unprocessed red meat might be a cause for concern, too. the six—year project
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led by oxford university found that for every 10,000 people in the survey, who ate the equivalent of one rasher of bacon each day, 40 we re one rasher of bacon each day, 40 were diagnosed with bowel cancer. and that number went up to 48 for those eating the equivalent of three rashers each day, a 20% increase. so, what is it about processed meats in particular which links them with bowel cancer? the link between processed meat and bowel cancer is likely to do with the chemicals found in processed meat, so they could be added to processed meats, things like nitrates and nitrites which are preservatives and linked to the increase in bowel cancer, as well as natural chemicals found in red meat, also thought to increase the risk of cancer. cancer research uk release the findings of this study about red and processed meats means the government should review
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its current guidelines about how much meat people should eat. but whether to change people's changing eating habits? i absolutely love bacon so it is not going to put me off it, nothing will. ithink it is all about balance, to be honest, but i have this vegan sausage roll. any response to the study, the meat panel said... —— meat advisory panel. despite this, the advice from cancer research uk is the less meat you eat, the less likely you are to get bowel cancer. richard galpin, bbc news. the time is 1:17pm. our top story this lunchtime. the fund to help reconstruct
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notre—dame cathedral in paris, ravaged this week by fire, heads for 1 billion euros. coming up, the view of earth from space. we'll find out how the team behind bbc one's latest documentary series captured these stunning shots. coming up on bbc news. pace bowlerjofra archer misses out on england's preliminary 15—man squad for the world cup but makes the cut for the one—dayers with ireland and pakistan. it's a year since the government promised to put right its treatment of the windrush generation, after it emerged that people who came to britain from the caribbean and had been here for decades were being denied services and even facing deportation for not having the right paperwork. earlier this month, the home secretary, sajid javid, announced there'd be no limit on the amount of compensation that victims could claim. but for many, life has still not returned to normal. our community affairs correspondent, adina campbell, reports.
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this time last year sylvester ma rs hall, who was born injamaica, was denied life—saving nhs treatments for prostate cancer. 12 months on, he's finally had radiotherapy and is now in remission. but at one point he was faced with a £54,000 health bill, despite living in the uk since the early 1970s. it was really rough, to be honest with you. because even when i was evicted from the other hospital, i tried to get my medication and everything had been locked away. i could never get hold of it at all. which i think was really terrible. as well as a delay to his health care, he lost his job as a mechanic and is still living in a hostel. we've recently heard in more detail about the compensation scheme. are you clear about how
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you could access some of that money? i think the government is very slow on it. and the details that they gave us, i don't think it's all that clear. you know, i think they should supply some form of booklets or something like that. sylvester‘s case was one of the most high profile when the scale of the scandal came to light 12 months ago. can she tell the house how many have been detained as prisoners in their own country? can she tell the house how many have been denied health under the national health service? how many have been denied pensions, how many have lost theirjobs? this is a day of national shame. the empire windrush brings to britain 500 jamaicans. a large number of people affected arrived in the uk between 1948 and 1971. some as children on their parents passports, known as the windrush generation. they were granted indefinite leave
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to remain but many weren't given their own formal documents. glenda caesar and her sister joyce came to the uk from dominica in the 1960s. not having the right paperwork led to the end of their careers in the nhs and police service, causing the whole family to suffer. i am not only fighting this for me and my sister, because i get calls on a regular basis where people aren't able to understand what is going on, where do i go to, glenda? who do i turn to? i'm going through this. they arejust coming out of the woodwork. they are like, i don't know what to do. the home office says there is a dedicated helpline and vulnerable persons team for those who need support with compensation applications, but in many cases the emotional damage is repairable. it's not ever going to make me
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forget that thought that i wanted to take my own life because of this. i choke up all the time, because ijust think, i could have done it, i could have done it. i could have. adina campbell, bbc news. the competition watchdog has told travel firms to make their terms and conditions clearer for customers who need to cancel their bookings. it's warned businesses they must act fairly towards customers who need to change their plans after unexpected events, such as illness or a death in the family. our personal finance correspondent, simon gompertz, is here. so can you get your deposit back? you can get your deposit back, and i think a lot of people don't really understand that. it comes in those circumstances when there is an illness before the holiday or something comes up at work and you cannot go, and a lot of people and businesses assume that that deposit is non—refundable. and the competition market authority is saying that that is not the case and it has done some survey work to look behind this. for instance, it found that of the people who asked, 89% of
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them thought that it should be refunded, assuming that the company manages to resell the holiday, for instance. and of those people who had been through this, one in five say they were treated unfairly over the deposit, and that's not surprising given that the cma say 58% to businesses don't understand the rules. the deposit should be paid back, less expenses, assuming that the holiday has been resold. so in this situation how do you go about getting your money back? you badger the company or you go to citizens advice for help. in the final analysis, you could take them to court. it's not as hard as it sounds. you can do that online. and the money should have come back in one of two ways, automatically, and the holiday company will look at how many people tend to rebook
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afterwards, the ones they sell anyway, and give you that percentage back, orfailing that, they wait until they have resold it and then give you the money back, lest their expenses. thank you, simon. the ecuadorian president, lenin moreno, has defended the decision to allow british police to enter his country's embassy in london to arrest the wikilea ks founder, julian assange. there have been accusations that the operation was illegal under international law, but mr moreno said assange's behaviour had become intolerable. he's been speaking to our north america editor, jon sopel. translation: several things, from verbal insults against ecuador when he referred to our country as a completely insignificant country on one hand, and then on the other, and excuse me that i have to say this here, even smearing his faeces on our embassy‘s walls. i think this is sufficient reason to revoke and terminate his asylum. and how did he treat staff? translation: well, pretty bad.
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very bad. in a despotic way, he even attacked some of the guards, something that definitely cannot be tolerated. i say again, he exhausted our patience and pushed our tolerance to the limit. i've heard reports that he was spying on your staff. what does that mean? translation: well, honestly, yes. he installed cameras and made his own decisions without consulting in any way the embassy staff. it's important to state that the group he led tapped and hacked into my phone. my wife, published in an inadmissible way, he published private pictures of my family, my wife and my daughters. and, honestly, the only thing they found is a united and happy family. ok, but one of the photos showed you in a hotel room, on a bed, there was some lobster. was that the final straw? some people have suggested it was because you were embarrassed at a time when you are introducing
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austerity into ecuador, that that is the reason that you kicked julian assange out of the embassy. translation: well, i am going to say something. that was my birthday. i was watching soccer in bed. it was a great day. my wife gifted me the pyjamas i was wearing and the lobster as a way to celebrate that special day for us. that's it. mr president, final question, are you relieved that he has gone? translation: i think all ecuadorians are relieved. theyjust did a survey showing 80% of ecuadorians wanted mr assange to leave, that he did not behave the way an asylee should, with respect for the country that has warmly welcomed him, sheltered him and given him food. our north america editor, jon sopel, talking to president moreno of ecuador. the liberal democrats have announced their candidates for the european elections. the pro—european party
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will campaign for another referendum on eu membership, in the hope of persuading voters to back remaining in the eu. speaking on bbc radio's today programme this morning, the party leader sir vince cable, accepted that the lib dems from space... the view of our planet... is breathtaking. satellites orbiting the earth... can now look down on it
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in absolutely extraordinary detail. using the cameras on the ground, in the air, and in space. we can tell the air, and in space. we can tell the story of life on earth from a brand—new perspective. at a time when the earth's surface is changing faster than at any point in human history, we can see just what impact we are having. stunning images there. barny revill is the director of earth from space, and is with me now. first of all, the practicalities. how did you do this? well, it is not easy. there are not
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many satellites spinning around the planet as we speak right now, but some of them these days have these incredibly high powered cameras that can loot —— zoom right in and get incredible detail. we were given an incredible detail. we were given an incredible opportunity to use these and we could say, right, we want to film some elephants in kenya, is that possible? they said, absolutely. we have the technology but can you predict where they will be in 48 hours' time? i was lucky enough to be on the ground filming them and then i thought, 0k, where are they going to be? we gave the gps coordinates by working with the local organisations who were helping us, and then it was a matter of waiting because you only need one puffy white clouds or for them to be under some trees and you don't get the image, because it is literally one image as the satellite spins passed at 70,000 mph. so you have to be patient and have your fingers crossed. the images are stunning and
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you have captured the urban world and the natural world. yes the beauty of the satellite imagery there is that it spans several decades, so you can look back through the time, but the images to get off certain locations and see how the world is changing. in one of the most evident things you can see is our impact, what we have done as the cities grow, and sometimes the other side of things, what we have taken out, other side of things, what we have ta ken out, the other side of things, what we have taken out, the forests we remove and the impact we are having. so it's a very powerful tool to see the planet asa very powerful tool to see the planet as a whole. and there are some stunning images that i want images to see off monks in china. tell us about these. the whole idea was we we re about these. the whole idea was we were thinking, what could we see in terms of humans from space, and if, like here in china, you have enough of them moving together in synchronicity, when they come together and form patterns and shapes, those are visible from space. so these shots were with
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drones on the ground, but

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