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tv   Outside Source  BBC News  April 22, 2019 9:00pm-10:01pm BST

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hello, i'm ros atkins, this is outside source. sri lanka is in mourning after easter sunday's devastating bombings. the walls were full of blood spread everywhere. the whole church was blood. it is a bad situation. almost 300 people were killed. the government is blaming a small islamist group with international connections. volodymyr zelensk wins the ukraine election, in a landslide victory. the comedian is a political newcomer, but he has played and he has not given much detail about what he plans to do. and we'll hear from barbara, at the state department in washington, as the us threatens sanctions on any
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country that imports oil from iran. the sri lanka attacks are one of the worst acts of terrorism in the last 25 years. the death toll stands at 290. 500 others were injured. the eight attacks happened in three areas. 0ne one in the east, one in the capital of colombo and one to the north of colombo. and the government is blaming a little—known jihadi group which, it says, was helped by foreign militants. so far, 2a people have been arrested. there remain many pressing questions — one being, could it have been stopped? why was information about a bomb threat not passed
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on to the prime minister, or his cabinet? a spokesman for the defence ministry spoke to the bbc today. intelligence never indicated that it's going to be an attack of this magnitude. they were talking about isolated one or two incidents, not like this. and also, besides, there is no emergency in this country. we can't request the armed forces to come and assist us. we can only depend on the police. so we have informed the police. we have informed all the important departments of the police about this informant and information. according to the new york times, this confidential letter was sent to security officials about a threat. it contained names, addresses and phone numbers of suspects. it's dated the 11th of april — ten days before the attack. and already, the blame game has begun. several ministers are looking to the president. here's one. "serious action needs to be taken
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as to why this warning was ignored." that same minister blames a breakdown in relations last year between the president and prime minister. the defence ministry and the law and order ministry was held with his excellency, the president. and after that coup, the 51 days, we never had secret accounts of a meeting which, in the past, always had the prime minister and the deputy of the state, minister of defence, present. but unfortunately, after that whole political coup, we were not invited to this, even though we were in the cabinet. not even the prime minister or the police igp was in the security council. so therefore, the responsibility — yes, we are the government, but these two portfolios — which is very, very vital — was through the president. here's bbc‘s anbarasan ethirajan, in colombo, on that. people are talking about this political instability in this country. there's a lot of infighting between the president, maithripala sirisena, and the prime minister, ranil wickremesinghe.
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that came out in the fore when the minister was saying that we were not passed on information. some of the security forces, they come under the president. so there seems to be a divide between the president and the prime minister. you have, you know, two forms of government here. here in this country. you know, they wanted this and fighting to stop. in—fighting to stop. and some would even say that because of this somehow, this information was allowed to slip through. so there is a political blame game going on. that is not going to reflect well among the public here. emergency powers are now in place. this means the police and military can detain and interrogate suspects without any court orders. but sri lanka remains on edge. and with good reason. this happened in colombo today.
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yet another explosion near a church, just as a bomb squad was trying to defuse explosives in a vehicle used in the attacks. it's not clear if anyone was hurt in that incident. before we go any further, let's remind ourselves of how this horror unfolded on easter sunday. the first reports of explosions came at 8:45 in the morning at st sebastian catholic church in negombo, and st anthony's at the same time, there were also explosions at the shangri la—hotel and the kingsbury hotel, in colombo. by this point, it was clear that the attacks were all connected. five minutes later, there was another explosion at the cinnamon grand hotel, in colombo. fifteen minutes after that, there was an explosion at the zion roman catholic church, on the east side of the island, in batticaloa. then came another explosion in colombo — at the new tropical inn.
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by 2:15 — seven hours after the first attack — police received a tip—off that potential suspects were inside a safe house in dematagoda, on the outskirts of colombo. during a police raid at the property, there was an eighth explosion. police say all eight attacks were carried out by suicide bombers. another explosive device was also found and defused near the airport. and 87 detonators were discovered at colombo's main bus station. let me show you some of the video that's come in. showing the devastation of these attacks. this church in eastern sri lanka was devastated in one of the blasts. a similar scene in colombo. at st anthony's shrine, very much in ruins. this was the inside of a church in negombo, just after the attack there.
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it's not known how many people died there. security is very tight. these are police and military standing guard over the shangri—la hotel — one of the hotels that came under attack. although no—one has admitted carrying out the attacks, the government is blaming a local jihadi group called ntj. the group hasn't carried out any large scale attacks before and, until today, very few people in sri lanka had even heard of it. according to this new york times article, the nt] is a small, but violent, group of young muslim men — and it started about three years ago in eastern sri lanka. perceived as anti—buddhist and had been blamed for damaging buddhist statues in central sri lanka. today, the president released this statement. "we do not believe these attacks were carried out by a group of people who were confined to this country. there was an international network, without which, these attacks
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could not have succeeded." although he did not share details of what that international network is. we also heard from the american secretary of state. what was supposed to be a joyful easter sunday was marred by a horrific wave of islamic radical terror and bloodshed. it's heartbreaking that a country which has strived so hard for peace in recent years has been targeted by these terrorists. we mourn the loved ones of the victims, some of whom we can confirm were indeed us citizens. this is america's fight, too. i spoke with the prime minister of sri lanka this morning and our embassy. and the us government are offering all possible assistance to americans and the sri lankan government alike. we urge that any evildoers be brought to justice expeditiously, and america is prepared to support that. more again from anbarasan ethirajan. what this country fails
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to understand is how such a massive coordinated attack could happen right under the nose of this intelligence agency. sri lanka is not new to suicide bombings. during the civil war time, with the tamil tiger rebels, they faced so many bomb attacks. but the way this has been done, the precise coordination and timing has shocked many people in this country. now the government here says that an unknown islamist group called national thowheed jamath is responsible, but still, they have to give more information on how this group is linked with these bomb attacks. but there is also a lot of concerns among the minority muslim community here in this country. they are afraid what will happen. the majority of the victims were sri lankans, and many were christians who were attending easter services. this schoolgirl ran to a church in negombo when she heard an explosion. some of herfriends had been killed. her account contains a number of distressing details. i saw many small children had died. many children.
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like, i saw one family was there, one father, three sons and one mother. the mother and father were crying because the three children were crushed with the roof tiles. and they were taking to the hands and they were crying a lot. and it was the worst situation, full of bloodsmear. the walls were full of blood, spread everywhere. the whole place was blood. it was a bad situation. the shangri—la hotel in colombo said on facebook that a number of poeple died there. they include some of the eight british victims, including three members of the same family — anita nicholson, her 11—year—old son alex, and her younger daughter annabel. the hotel statement said those who died also, "includes three of our colleagues."
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india's high commission has been tweeting updates. it says, "the total number of indian deaths is eight now." also among the victims are three of the four children of the danish billionaire anders holch polsen. he's denmark's wealthiest man and a major shareholder in the online clothing retailer asos. those are some of the victims. and there are so many more. bbc news has a page which is reporting those who died as new information comes through. at the moment, many people are unaccounted for. and many bodies haven't been identified. all of which is unimaginably upsetting for relatives of those missing. the bbc‘s clive myrie is in colombo. the authorities are trying to
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reunite those relatives and friends of those who died so those bodies can be buried. that grim task has been going on throughout the day. we actually saw families turning up to the morgue and looking on a big screen where images of their loved ones from the attack, bloodied and cut apart, terrible pictures, of those relatives trying to identify those relatives trying to identify those who have died so that they can claim the bodies. that is going on and that grim process of identification is going to take many, identification is going to take any identification is going to take many, many days, if not weeks. one reason it's been hard to gather information about the victims is that the government restricted access to social media. it said it was being used to spread false information. the red cross in sri lanka made the same point on sunday. on sunday, it tweeted: "rumours circulating on social media that the red cross building was attacked is false and wrong information. please refrain from spreading unauthentic and false information". the website netblocks tracks
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internet disruptions. it shared this image detailing men of the —— many of the social media site and people's ability to access them, almost all listed at 0% and none of them more than 10%. severe disruption to social media in sri lanka. it argues social media can be useful at times of crisis. here's the director of netblocks. in cases like this, we have seen that social media does have very positive influences. we have checked 60 people following terrorist attacks and we have seen it can have very positive impact on people's ability to heal after an incident. but also, when you shut off the internet or social platforms, it creates fear, it creates a vacuum of information on fake news and false information on fake news and false information can spread more in that vacuum then it would ordinary. stay with us on 0utside source.
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still to come... we will turn to ukraine. there is a man who until recently was a well—known tv comedian and he will now become the president. we will try and work out what he's going to do with the office. fire crews who've been tackling a blaze on ilkley moor in west yorkshire say people are still lighting barbecues there — and have urged them to stop. it's thought a disposable barbecue was to blame for this fire on nearby marsden moor. fiona trott. you can see 300 hectares of blackened moorland. helicopter pilot has been going on to the reservoir collecting water and dumping it onto the flames. this is devastating for the national trust who have spent hundreds of
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thousands of pounds on this area over the past few years because it isa over the past few years because it is a site of special scientific interest. this is the second fire they have had here this year and they have had here this year and they would have spent around £40,000 on the helicopter involved in this effort. and all because of a disposable barbecue, and that is why they are encouraging visitors here to be responsible. this is 0utside source, live from the bbc newsroom. almost 300 people are now known to have been killed in a spate of attacks in sri lanka. 0n easter sunday. some of the other stories from bbc world service. in colombia... at least 17 people have died and others are still missing after a landslide in south—western colombia. tonnes of mud buried eight houses in a small town early on sunday. the disaster was caused by weeks of heavy rains. that's from bbc mundo.
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dozens of climate change protesters have been feigning death at london's natural history museum. it's to mark the loss of the earth's biodiversity. they lay down under a suspended skeleton of a blue whale. and now to this image of two gorillas posing for a selfie. the picture was taken at a gorilla orphanage in the democratic republic of congo. the apes have learned to imitate their caretakers who've been looking them since their parents were killed by poachers. that's most read on our website. quite rightly! back in november, america said it would impose sanctions on any country buying oilfrom iran. but then it gave some rather large country some exceptions. today, we were told that those exemptions would end. before sanctions went into effect,
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iran would generate as much as $50 billion annually in oil revenue. 0verall to date, we estimate that our sanctions have tonight the regime well north of $10 billion. the regime would have used that money to support terror groups like hamas and hezbollah and continue its missile development, in defiance of un security council resolution 22:31. and it would have perpetuated the humanitarian crisis in yemen. iran is the third—largest exporter of crude oil in the world, behind saudi arabia and russia. when the us imposed sanctions it gave some of the biggest importers of iranian oil six months to find alternatives. they include some major countries — china bought nearly a quarter of iran's exported oil in 2017, 24%. india almost a fifth. turkey, japan, south korea too. they all need new plans and if they don't and continue to import iranian
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oil, america will introduce sanctions. including fines on major banks and shipping companies involved. for more on this, i spoke to the bbc‘s barbara plett—usher at the us state department. an official here said, this is our best tool to put pressure on iran, iran's revenue mostly comes from oil, about 40% of state revenue, and if we can cut that down to zero, which is their goal, that is going to be effective, they say, in trying to be effective, they say, in trying to change iran's behaviour. when they brought the sanctions and in november, they issued these waivers partly because they were afraid of what impact it might have on the oil market, they thought it would become unstable, especially because some of these countries like india and china are some of the biggest customers. now they feel comfortable that after six months, the market will be able to fair —— bear the sanctions and they have said these exemptions will not be extended to anyone who conducts business and import iranian oil will be facing us penalties. let's just get the president's point
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of view on this, this is donald trump tweeting. investors, though, in the short term at least, certainly have concerns. this is what happened to the pace of the global oil benchmark brent crude, it went up by 3% following the american announcement to around $74 per barrel. the americans would have known this would upset the big importers like china are theyjust doing it anyway or are they doing something to placate chinese concerns? well, china is interesting because the chinese have hit back quite hard. they have said that their trade with iran is completely legal, the us has nojurisdiction over it. so we will watch to see if they continue that trade using mechanisms and companies that don't use us dollars which is where the penalties come in. what president trump has said is that the saudis
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and the iraqis will step in and fill the gap in any market efficiencies —— and the emirates. that is too simplistic, the saudis have benefited from higher oil prices but have said they are committed to keeping the market balanced, so generally, experts expect them to come through with that. but it is very complicated for these big oil purchases to try to find alternatives and it is a question of how hard they will try. time for business. if you've been getting excited about getting your hands on a folding smartphone, you might have to think again. this from us tech website the verge. "samsung delays galaxy fold indefinitely: we will take measures to strengthen the display". it comes just days after we published this story online. reviewers found that the phone kept
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breaking. this is by dave lee, by the way. they know this. "it's no good being first if you get it wrong". 0ur tech reporter chris fox has more details of what samsung says has gone wrong. they have said they will push back the release. it was supposed to come out in april the 26 in the us and on may the 3rd in the uk. that is not going to happen, it is pushed back until they find out what is going wrong. they said the initial investigation of the braking devices showed it is probably to do with the impact on the hinge area at the top and bottom where the folding screen is slightly exposed and they said in one case, they found something, a foreign object inside the hinge of the phone that had broken. so maybe blaming the reviewers for rough handling, but all the reviewers said when they posted their discoveries on twitter, they all said, we just use this like a normal phone, we we re use this like a normal phone, we were not rough at all. there has been a race to get a folding phone onto the market. we have seen the
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chinese giant huawei making one as well. some have ploughed ahead and said it was the first to do it. —— samsung. that is an embarrassment because it has pushed today back because it has pushed today back because the product is not ready. and we are not expecting a lot a people to buy this first—generation phone, it is very expensive, almost $2000. what this does do is show samsung is a great innovator, it will get people into try it out and get people interested in samsung products generally. so this, again, isa products generally. so this, again, is a bit of an embarrassment. this is a bit of an embarrassment. this isa is a bit of an embarrassment. this is a tweet from donald trump. he says this. this is the man in question.
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this is who he's talking about — a man run for president himself seven years ago and is a former pizza executive. it was only on thursday that mr cain told fox news he had no plans to withdraw and "i don't run away from criticism."(read 0n) away from criticism." whatjob what job was he whatjob was he considered for and why was he criticised? he was considered for a role on the board of the federal reserve, the us central bank. arguably, one of the most influential banks in the world. and that was a position that president trump said he wanted to nominate him for. but there was a lot of criticism about that. because the central bank is supposed to be neutral. it is supposed to be independent. but with president trump trying to put more of his political allies into that position, it really lessens the bank's independence. now, if you look at that in this day and age with president trump lobbying as many criticisms as he does against the federal reserve, was looking very
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unlikely that even if he was nominated, that mr mcain would get that spot because republicans and democrats were against his potential nomination. it would have to be approved by congress and he did not have enough republicans willing to say they would vote for him. that is interesting, congress gets to say but the federal reserve would not get a say in an appointment like this. no, it is supposed to be an independent body because they are supposed to be making these independent decisions free of politics. but those lines have become blurred in the last year. you have seen president trump has publicly and on social media, on his favourite site twitter, he has lobbed some singers against the federal reserve, saying they are anti—economy, stifling the stock market from growing. and he has singled out the chair of the federal
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reserve himself for some of the actions of the central bank in the last few months. and in terms of the direction the fed is going generally, it has a new chair and a new person in charge, can we see a marked change in policy from his predecessor? certainly, the federal reserve is definitely reacting to the economic data it is receiving. and this time last year, we were hearing there were going to be rate rises in 2019. that has completely changed and it seems the federal reserve is going to be putting a pause on any rises to interest rates for the coming year. it is good to talk to my thank you very much indeed. 0ur lead story is that the death toll in the sri lanka tax on a date now stands at 290. we will turn to that story in three or four minutes. we are also going to talk about westminster. we have taken a week and a half leader from westminster. we have taken a week and a half leaderfrom brexit and
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the drama around theresa may, it is coming back with a vengeance. we will update you. hello again, we take a quick look at the weather around the world now and some of the bigger stories taking place. first, southeast asia, where the weather has been very hot indeed for the time of year. we have also seen for the time of year. we have also seen that each driving some pretty big thunderstorms across parts of thailand and into laos and across into cambodia. it will stay pretty hot over the next few days with temperatures peaking into the low 405. unusually warm for the time of year. of course, we do get hot weather before the arrival of the monsoon rains, but even so, pretty oppre55ive at the moment. again, the heat driving thundery showers through the afternoon. northern thailand, lao5 through the afternoon. northern thailand, laos and cambodia are likely to see the storms. but things turn a bit cooler over the next few
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days, temperatures back into the 305 a5 days, temperatures back into the 305 as we head into the weekend. for example, in vientiane. that is repeated acro55 southeast asia. under this area of cloud, new caledonia and fiji are both areas which have been incredibly wet over the last 24 hours. these are the kind of rainfall titles we have had. a new caledonia, up to 250 millimetres of rain, like four month5 millimetres of rain, like four months of rain for the uk falling in a day. in fiji, 140. torrential rain no doubt causing localised flooding impacts. the rain ea5e5 for a new caledonia fairly quickly, but with low pressure loitering in fiji, they're the heavy downpours are expected, although they will slowly become less intense —— further heavy downpours. talking about that, the la5t downpours. talking about that, the last 24 hours has seen 100 millimetres of rain and put edward in the eastern side of south africa. thi5 cloud is associated with an
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upper area of low pressure driving big thunderstorms. we could have hailed mixed in and gusty wind5 over the next few days and because the upper area of low pressure is slow moving, though 5torms upper area of low pressure is slow moving, though storms are slow to ea5e away. 0nly pulling away late in the week as low pressure ea5e5. we could see localised flooding and report5 could see localised flooding and reports of big hail over the next day or two. you have no doubt noticed in europe the weather is warm in north—western areas including the uk and northern norway and sweden. further south, if you know anyone that has been travelling to spain and portugal, looking for summer warmth, oh, dear! temperatures in madrid on tuesday ju5t temperatures in madrid on tuesday just around 12 degrees and cloudy and wet. heavy rain in southern france, northern italy, snow over the higher part5 france, northern italy, snow over the higher parts of the alpine region, but warm 5un5hine with high—pre55ure further north. the u nsettled high—pre55ure further north. the unsettled weather around the mediterranean i5 unsettled weather around the mediterranean is pushing northwards so although we have a fine and sunny day on tuesday, 5un5hine i5
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so although we have a fine and sunny day on tuesday, 5un5hine is quite hazy at at times and we have rain on the way and change midweek.
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hello, i'm ro5 atkins, this is 0ut5ide source. sri lanka is in mourning after ea5ter sunday‘s devastating bombings. the blood is a very rare. the whole church as blood. that is a bad situation. the government is blaming a small islamist group with international connections. volodymyr zelensky wins the ukraine election in a landslide victory. the comedian is a political newcomer, but he has played the president on his comedy tv show. and we're in sudan where tension5
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between sudan's ruling military council and protestor5 are coming to a head. the sri lankan government has blamed a local islamist group for the attacks that killed 290 people on sunday. the bbc‘s anbara5an ethirajan is in colombo with the latest on the investigation. the government here says they suspect a little—known group called national thowheed jamath was responsible for these blasts and most of the suicide bombers were local5. but there are questions over how such a little—known group can bring in so much explosives and can have such a coordinated and very precise attacks on civilian target5 without the notice of any of the intelligence or security agencies. there are still many questions about who was responsible for these attacks but what is happening at the moment is the government is on high alert.
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they did find another explosive device very close to one of the churches which was targeted on sunday, and also behind me what the officials are saying is they also found a parcel and they are checking it. so there have been a number of leads coming to the security officials. the city is on a high alert and the government says it will continue to impose the5e evening curfews so that the security forces can keep a tight watch on what is happening here in the city. not long after the attacks on sunday, the us state department updated its advice on sri lanka, telling visitors to be more cautious because... "terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting tourist locations. . . hotel5, re5tuarant5. . .airport5. . .and other public areas". australia, ireland and japan have also cautioned travellers. tourism is a big part of the economy.
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in 2018 it contributed 5%. so this could be bad news in the medium term. here's the prime minister speaking on sunday. when this happens in any country, you find a downward trend. in fact, you will find that tourism get5 affected in our country, for some time — that happens in every country, and that was one of the rising sectors. similarly, there will be initially some outflow of funds. those are some of the issues that will come up. 2.3 million tourists visited sri lanka last year. nearly half a million came from nearby india. there's been an increasing numberfrom china in recent years with a quarter of a million last year. and there was a similar number from the united kingdom. these big numbers have only been possible since 2009,
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when the country's civil war ended. for more on that, i've been speaking to charles haviland from the bbc world service. he was a correspondent in sri lanka during the war. the civil war ended in 2009. violence became so commonplace in the country that many sri lankans would never have expected it to end at all. there were large—scale bombing outrages at times by the tamil separatists, the ltt. there were brutal reprisals frequently from the government side. looking back further in time, in the 19705 and 805, there were two separate civil wars within the sinhalese majority community over a leftist ideological opposition group. so the country is no stranger to violence at all. what is new about what happened on sunday is the scale and coordination of the attacks
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that took place. when the conflict ended, when the civil war ended, where there are still groups of people who resented its ending, that wanted to continue to fight their cause? certainly there were elements of the tamil tigers that would have wanted to continue the struggle for tamil self—determination, something that may need tamils would argue has never been achieved because the state is still very much dominated by the sinhalese ethnic group which represents about 70% of the population. the scale, however, of the government forces‘ victory in 2009, the vanquishing of the tamil tigers, was so complete that the ltt leaders, many of them were killed, others remained in exile and had no chance of reviving the group within the country at all. since the end of the civil war, it would not be correct to say that violence has ended. there has been a lot of festering
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ethnic and religious tension that has sometimes had violent, very violent manifestations. would you categorise in sri lanka as politically stable? since the civil war ended. it is often said that the war ended but the conflict didn't end. i don't think it could be said to be a stable country. obviously it portrays itself in that way in terms of bringing in tourists who have come back to the country and helped revive the economy. but there are still many unresolved underlying tensions which have not been put paid to and there are still reports of torture and disappearances, at a much lower level in the past four years since there was a change of government but the country has remained ethnically divided to the extent that minority groups don't really have any chance at the moment of having a hold of the presidency or prime ministership over the country.
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it is still a majority state with what some people would call a lot of structural violence still there. that is the longer term political context. the shorter term political context is this fiendishly complicated stand—off between the president and the prime minister, which we have attempted to tell on the programme but it is a difficult one to get into the nuts and bolts of. for people who have not been following, what is it about? to try and put it succinctly, in 2015 a new government came to power with the present from the old guard, if you like, a former ally of the former president rajapaksa, the strongman populist who presided over the end of the war. this man maithripala sirisena teamed up with the opposition party, the united national party, to form a new coalition, and moderated some of the path of the government in many ways. for instance, one thing, allowing tamil families of disappeared people, of whom there remain hundreds if not thousands, to demonstrate in a way that they hadn't
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been able to before. so a little political space was opened up but towards the end of last year the president and prime minister fell out very severely. the president actually sacked the prime minister and tried to bring back his former ally mahinda rajapaksa as prime minister. he failed, thanks to court rulings, but both have remained completely at loggerheads since then, which has resulted, it now emerges, according to the cabinet, ministers in the cabinet, it has resulted in the prime minister being excluded from meetings and briefings conducted by the intelligence and security establishment and divisions of the government. we are indebted to the expertise of those at the bbc world service. ukraine has a new president. volodymyr zelensky is a comedian with no political experience. he's promised change and to stamp out corruption.
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but little is known about how he's actually going to do this. even the kremlin is unsure. translation: it is too early to talk about president putin congratulating mr zelensky or possible cooperation. it will only be possible once he has shown through his actions where he stands. this being said, moscow will respect the choice of the ukrainian people, especially since the people's choice is quite obvious. mr zelensky won with a landslide. he took 73% of the vote. petro poroshenko didn't even get to 2596. petro poroshenko didn't even get to 25%. if you want a measure of volodymyr zelensky‘s domination... the regions in green voted for him. and remember this isn't the first
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time he's been told he's ukraine's next president. this is a video from his comedy show. it was broadcast three years ago in the first episode of servants of the people. he played a teacher who is elected after his expletive—laden rant about corruption goes viral on social media. this is when he is told he is president. but he was more prepared when it happened for real. this was last night.
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but things remained surreal. at the moment it became clear that he'd won. the music of his show was playing in the background. and he ran under a political party with the same name as his show. plenty of reaction. uk foreign secretaryjeremy hunt... "you will now truly be the servant of the people." european council president donald tusk... the eu was "determined to continue its support" for ukraine. that relationship with the eu as opposed to alignment with russia is a crucial dynamic playing out in ukraine in the last few years. and outgoing president petro poroshenko. .. "a new inexperienced ukrainian president... could be quickly returned to russia's orbit of influence". here's steve rosenberg with how the russian media is covering the story. if you look at what pro—kremlin media have been saying here, two things become clear. first of all, moscow is overjoyed to be getting rid of petro poroshenko.
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there was no love lost between president poroshenko and the kremlin. the second thing you pick up is that moscow is hoping that with mr zelensky in power in kiev, there is hope of a better relationship between moscow and kiev. everyone in ukraine is wondering what's going to happen next. here'sjonah fisher in kiev. so much still unknown, really, about what volodymyr zelensky‘s presidency might bring, in keeping, really, with his entire election campaign. but he has now gathered a team of experts around him, advisers, some of whom are well known in ukraine, and they are trying to put together those plans which they will have to begin to put into practice probably in about three or four weeks' time
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when comedian volodymyr zelensky becomes ukraine's president zelensky. stay with us on 0utside source. we will be going live to westminster as mp5 come back after their break and already there is pressure on theresa may. climate change protesters, who've staged a week of demonstrations in london and edinburgh, have been holding talks to decide the next phase of their campaign. more than 1,000 people have been arrested since the protests began. today around 100 activists demonstrated at the natural history museum. the mayor of london sadiq khan said the protest was taking "a real toll" on london's police and businesses. 0ur correspondent caroline davies reports. central london, day eight of the protest. tents still lie in the middle of a road junction and banners and stages continue to block the streets, so the crowds gathered in marble arch.
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i think it's a very important time, and time we're running out of. i think it's important to give support. it's all about the numbers, so the more people who show support, the more echo it will create. it's great to see so many people from all different walks of life getting involved and standing up for what we believe in. at the natural history museum, around 100 protesters lay on the floor under the blue whale in a staged die—in. 0ver1,000 arrests have been made so far, with over 50 people charged. among those detained was former gold olympic medal winner, canoeist etienne stott. it's a big step to take, but like i say, i think this is what it's come to for me. and i think if it's working, and i believe that it is, i am happy to have been counted at this point, because this could be the start, well, i believe it is the start of this turnaround. over 9,000 police officers have been deployed to the protests.
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the mayor of london has called for the group to allow the city to return to business as usual. the group behind me are currently coordinating what is going to happen next. after over a week of disruption, they're not the only ones who want to know how this is going to continue. exactly what will happen next isn't clear. 0rganisers suggested that more direct action is planned for this week, but wouldn't reveal the details. caroline davies, bbc news. this is 0utside source live from the bbc newsroom. 0ur lead story is... almost 300 people are now known to have been killed in a spate of attacks in sri lanka. at least 17 people have died and others are still missing after a landslide in south—western colombia. tonnes of mud buried eight houses in a small town early on sunday. the disaster was caused by weeks of heavy rains.
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bbc mundo. and now to this image of two gorillas posing for a selfie. the picture was taken at a gorilla orphanage in the democratic republic of congo. the apes have learned to imitate their caretakers who've been looking them since their parents were killed by poachers. that's most read on our website. we have had about ten days to take a pause from uk politics but we are going back into it. theresa may is facing another challenge to her leadership over her handling of brexit, this time from the grassroots of her own conservative party. more than 70 chairs of local conservative associations have called for a general meeting to discuss her leadership, and they hope to force a vote of no confidence. one of them told the bbc there was "despair in the party" and the prime minister is "conducting negotiations in such a way that the party
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does not approve". theresa may herself was looking pretty relaxed yesterday. here she is at church on easter sunday. interesting to see if she's still smiling tomorrow when mp5 return from their easter break. ben wright is in westminster. are you recharged and ready to go?|j can are you recharged and ready to go?” can report that the grass outside parliament is even growing back. this was like glastonbury for most of september, covered in tv crews reporting this brexit drama as theresa may kept trying and failing to get her deal through and had to go back to the eu twice to ask for a delay. when the eu gave an extension to the end of october, that released a lot of pressure here and allowed
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mp5 to have a break for a week. but they are all back tomorrow. the prime minister will be chairing a meeting of the cabinet and quickly i think we will feel like we are in familiar territory because the prime minister's problems remain the same. she is trying to get our brexit deal through the house of commons which mp5 have not wanted to back so far and her party is deeply fractious and her party is deeply fractious and angry. now there is this move by the grassroots members of the party, to try to force a vote of no confidence. it is unprecedented. if it happens in the next few weeks it would put further pressure on theresa may. what about nigel flourish and his —— nigel faraj and his brexit party. he hopes to make huge gains and ground in the
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european elections which we will be participating in in may unless the prime minister gets her deal through. he is waiting to scoop up tory and some labour voters in the election. tensions between sudan's ruling military council and protestors are coming to a head. this is the capital, khartoum, with thousands of demonstrators marching, blocking roads and demanding a civilian government. they're also out in force outside the defence ministry. now the military council has ordered the protestors to lift the roadblocks and clear the area immediately. this all began ten days ago when this man, president 0mar al—bashir, was overthrown after 30 years in power. protestors accuse the military
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council of being composed of remnants of mr bashir‘s regime and want total change. here's protest leader dr sara abdelgalil. there is a state council with representation from the army and the police and that has always been said and always been clear, and therefore they have their role as a supporter but they cannot rule the transition period and they cannot be the only leaders and they cannot dictate the future of sudan, especially that the members of this interim military council are part of the previous regime. for example, the vice president of the national intelligence service, an organisation that needs a lot of reform and should be subjected to investigation. the bbc‘s mohanad hashim grew up in sudan. he's returned to his homeland and has been talking to the some of the protesters.
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almost two weeks on and, for some, the changes still seem hard to believe. students manning checkpoints. the military court are filled with music. it is like a football match. dancing. they're singing, if it fail or it didn't fall, we are staying put. human rights activists on the street. the crimes of the regime on graphic display. many more —— may be more significantly, debate is flourishing. this is happening outside the headquarters of the army, infantry, the ministry of defence, and you have soldiers listening, people who are used to taking orders, and suddenly exposed to an area of open debate. it is a
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revolution about raising awareness and changing attitudes. the sudanese professionals association called what was supposed to be a press conference. when we arrived it was more like a music festival. the speeches were full of defiance. the crowds, full of passion. and expectation. this movement still has momentum. but it is the military who control sudan. how they will be removed is unclear. let's end with some music from the streets of nairobi. commuters in the kenyan capital have had reason to enjoy rush hour more than usual since a youth—choir called the ‘red fourth chorus' began
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performing in some of the city's busiest areas to promote art and music. the bbc‘s nairobi team met the choir‘s leader, philip tuju and his choir out singing on the streets. the reason why we decided to perform in the street, we felt in nairobi there are not enough opportunities for people to experience art and we thought we would give back to the community. i am the founder and director of red fourth chorus. we do this mainly on saturdays, choose a random street, we do different songs to have fun and also give life to normal people who don't have access to this kind of music. art is more
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appreciated in europe and the western world than it is in africa. if you see anyone performing in the street in europe or the western world, people are more receptive. before an african act, the first thing that comes to mind is it is someone who is looking for money, thatis someone who is looking for money, that is why people are cautious when they watch us. the challenge is that we need a licence to do this freely. there is no particular office which deals with the licensing to give you permission tojust deals with the licensing to give you permission to just perform for free on the streets of nairobi. something entertaining regular people should be encouraged, yes, people who want to raise money but also people who wa nt to to raise money but also people who want to develop their own art. i will have the best of the bbc journalism from all over the world
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on tomorrow's programme. see you then. if you are a fan of warmth and sunshine, what is an easter weekend —— whatan sunshine, what is an easter weekend —— what an easter weekend that was. temperatures up to 25 again, the warmest easter monday on record. but if you prefer things cooler, and you wa nt if you prefer things cooler, and you want rainfor if you prefer things cooler, and you want rain for the garden, good news. by want rain for the garden, good news. by next weekend things will be very different. the change has already begun. we have seen some extra high cloud spreading from the south during monday. along with this, high in the atmosphere, we have some saharan dust which could make for impressive sunrises and sunsets. showers at times on tuesday for the
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south—west, maybe northern ireland. cloud in eastern scotland. even in the sunshine, temperatures just down on where they have been, 20—22. tuesday night, most places will be dry, turning increasingly cloudy across the north of the uk. the increasing chance of showers, maybe even thunderstorms in the southwest and channel islands on wednesday morning. low pressure will take charge through the middle and latter pa rt charge through the middle and latter part of this week. the low pressure out to the west throwing frontal systems our way. each one of these bringing a spell of wet weather. we are likely to see heavy and thundery downpours in southern england, wales, northern england, the midlands. some hefty downpours with gusty winds as well. mainly fine across scotland at this stage. behind the heavy downpours, cooler
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airand we push behind the heavy downpours, cooler air and we push what is left of the warmth to the north—east and tap into this much cooler atlantic air from the west. we will see bands of heavy downpours drifting north across the uk. uncertain at this stage where they will turn up and where the sunnier gaps will be but it looks pretty unsettled and it will feel much, much cooler, 12—16 at best on thursday. similar on friday, showers or longer spells of rain interspersed with drier sunnier periods. gusty winds are possible. temperatures 12 in aberdeen, 14 in cardiff, temperatures down on where they have been. let's look at the jet stream as we head towards the coming weekend. likely to be to the south of the uk and look at how it bends back to the north. this keeps us bends back to the north. this keeps us in the unsettled weather, an area of low pressure, and it will also
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keep us generally speaking in some relatively cool air. it is hard to be precise about the details for next weekend but there will be showers or a longer spells of rain at times. equally some sunny spells. it will be breezy. no more 205, 12-13 at it will be breezy. no more 205, 12—13 at best. next week, the pattern continues, the jet stream stays to the south, spending areas of low pressure, so there will be outbreaks of rain at times. it will be quite cool and breezy. signs that things might turn a little drier later next week but no return to the warmth we have had over the easter weekend.
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a state of emergency has been declared here in sri lanka, 290 people are now known to have died and 500 injured after easter sunday's bomb attacks. families across the country are in mourning, with many victims yet to be identified. our main target at the moment is to help these people who are really in tears, who are broken and broken into pieces. amongst the dead were eight britons, including a mother and her two children, and a retired firefighter, who was killed along with his partner.


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