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tv   BBC News  BBC News  April 27, 2019 4:00am-4:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news — broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is reged ahmad. our top stories: a race against time: president trump urges people to get vaccinated after measles outbreaks force two universities to quarantine staff and students. they have to get the shot, the vaccinations are so important. it's really going around now, they have to get their shots. tension in sri lanka as large amounts of bomb—making equipment are found in the hunt for those behind the easter sunday attacks. the prime minister tells the bbc he wasn't aware of the early warnings. driving further inland — cyclone kenneth hits mozambique with strong winds, threatening more floods. and a new exhibition opens exploring the life and work of maverick
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cinematic genius stanley kubrick. hello and welcome. president trump has urged americans to get immunised against measles, despite previously casting doubt on the vaccination. health officials believe the recent spike in cases of the virus is partly connected to misinformation about the jab. in the latest outbreak, about 270 students and staff have been in quarantine after cases were confirmed at two universities in california. caroline rigby reports. the president's line on measles has not always been consistent. but as the us faces a major resurgence of the disease, he had this message for parents. they have to get the shot, the vaccinations are so important.
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this is really going around now, they have to get their shots. a mark change in direction from a man who previously promoted now—discredited anti—vax theories, and suggested inoculations are linked to what he described as "a big increase in autism". his call to arms in the battle against measles comes amid a new outbreak in california, after two infected students attended two separate universities. one visited a campus at the university of california los angeles, potentially coming into contact with 500 people. the other went to a library at california state university, attended by up to 2000 people a day. there is a blanket order and statement, that if you were in this area you would need to be quarantined, notify the health centre, notify your immune status or you will be quarantined. so far this year 700 cases have been reported across 22 states. that's the highest number since the us declared the disease to be eradicated
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at the turn of the century. and the outbreak is not confined to the us — the un warns the number of cases around the world has nearly tripled compared to last year. health officials have linked the increase in the us to misinformation about the safety of the measles vaccine, and discredited theories about possible related side—effects. they will hope the president's call to action will encourage more people to get immunised, in turn helping to limit the spread of the disease. we can now speak to dr dean blumberg who's a infectious disease expert at the you see davis medical centre in sacramento, california. ——uc davis. ijust i just wanted to ask to begin with, is this the anti— vaccination movement chickens coming home to
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roost, the result of people not vaccinating over a couple of decades and now we are seeing these outbreaks, or is there more to it?” think it is very fair to say that because we have seen these out bags occurring in countries where people have been choosing not to vaccinate, or countries where they don't have the resources to vaccinate, and then in the us they are introduced into populations that are susceptible, mostly because people are choosing not to vaccinate. how dangerous is the measles virus? we know it is obviously a problem for young children, but are adults at risk as well? certainly children can get it, adults can get it, one out of 1000 people with measles can die, and the people with measles can die, and the people who are most at risk would be very young children or older adults. if someone is vaccinated, are they project could, or is there still a risk if they are around people who are not vaccinated? —— protected. there is still a small risk of infection, no vaccine works 100%,
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but this vaccine, if given appropriately in two doses projects about 99% of the time. some vaccinated people may still get infected despite their immunisation status. we have heard a lot about the discredited anti— vaccination message since the measles outbreak and the spike that has been happening in the us and around the world, how does this situation get turned around, given that message has been out there for so long? in terms of telling people not to vaccinate? i think it will take a while to turn this message around. this message has been there for a long time and recently really been advanced and multiplied by social media. and so what we're going to need is consistent straightforward messaging that the vaccine is safe, it does not cause autism, it protects and it saves lives. are we going to see a change just briefly in government policy, that might
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somehow force people to get vaccinated or strongly encourage them? i think there might be some twea ks to them? i think there might be some tweaks to systems in the us, the school required vaccines, in california now there is a movement to tighten up the immunisation process for schools. thank you so much for your time. donald trump has said he will withdraw the united states from the international arms trade treaty. the treaty, which was signed by barack 0bama, aims to regulate the international sale of conventional weapons. addressing the annual meeting of the national rifle association, mr trump said he would ask the us senate not to ratify the pact. under my administration we will never surrender under my administration we will never surrender american sovereignty to anyone. (applause). we will never allow foreign bureaucrats to trample on your second amendment freedom.
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and that is why my administration will never ratify the un arms trade treaty. i hope you're happy. let's bring you some breaking news now coming out of sri lanka, a spokesperson for the sri lankan military says the bodies of 15 people including six children have been found at a house where a gun battle took place on the country's east coast. that news is just coming in of course in the waste —— wake of those easter sunday bomb attacks where 250 people were killed. sri lanka's prime minister has told the bbc that he considered resigning in the wake of the easter sunday bomb attacks. ranil wickremesinghe said he simply "wasn't in the loop" for a briefing on warnings of a possible terrorist plot. 0ur correspondent, clive myrie, says the public‘s trust in the government has been eroded.
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a number of people we have spoken to as we have been here over the past few days so they don't trust the government, they have a certain amount of faith in the security forces, they believe they are doing what they can to deal with the terror threat, but it is the politicians fiddling while the rome burns, not addressing their particular concerns. they have some in the muslim community fearful of christian reprisals, they don't feel safe, you have the christian committee saying they don't feel safe, is a real mess here on the ground, and that is because there is a vacuum at the top of the political leadership with different factions within the government vying for attention and vying for power. and thatis attention and vying for power. and that is why when that warning was given to the authorities here, two weeks before the attacks took place from indian intelligence officers, a very important strategic partner to —— strategic partner for sri lanka,
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a credible partner for —— strategic partner for sri lanka, a credible partnerfor sri lanka when it comes to intelligence, those warnings were ignored, they were not fed up the chain because of factionalfighting, fed up the chain because of factional fighting, and as a fed up the chain because of factionalfighting, and as a result asi factionalfighting, and as a result as i say there is a marked lack of trust in the leadership here. just reminding you of that breaking news, the sri lankan military is a 15 people including six children were found ina people including six children were found in a house where a gun battle took place. let's get some of the day's other news: the chief executive of tesla, elon musk, has effectively been banned from tweeting about his own company. it's part of a settlement with the us financial regulator over financially sensitive comments he made on social media. under the new agreement, mr musk must avoid any reference to his company's financial condition, products or possible mergers and acquisitions. the british and irish governments have announced a new attempt to restore a power—sharing government in northern ireland. they say the decision had been prompted by the reaction to the murder of the journalist lyra mckee last week. ireland's foreign minister said two years without a government had enabled "voices which do not believe
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in democracy" to emerge. a 30—year—old russian woman, maria butina, has been sentenced to 18 months in prison by a court in washington, after pleading guilty to being a foreign agent. a gun rights activist, butina admitted working on behalf of russia to influence us policy, infiltrating organisations such as the powerful national rifle association. she will be deported back to russia once she has completed her sentence. semi—naked activists in spain have disrupted a far—right rally ahead of sunday's fiercely—contested elections. the controversial vox party is threatening to shake up spanish politics — but critics say its divisive message could set the country back decades. andy beatt reports. spain's third general election in just four years, with as many as 40% of voters still undecided ahead of
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sunday's vote, politicians of all colours have been campaigning hard. among them, the far right populist party vox, enjoying a surge of support and hoping to upstage their rivals. but in madrid, activists from femen, written across their bodies, this isn't patriotism, it is fascism. anti—immigration, anti— separatist, and anti— women's rights, vox is one of five parties with a chance of entering government. if it does it would become the first far right group to sit in parliament for nearly a0 yea rs. sit in parliament for nearly a0 years. its leader though is keen to brush aside links with spain's fascist past. translation: vox is the only party capable of defending
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national unity and the freedom for spaniards that are under attack from socialism, communism and separatism. the party's rise, dubbed an earthquake in spanish politics has clearly shaken that country's socialist prime minister. translation: i ask you all to unite around the only party that can guarantee spain looks to the future and does not go back a0 years as the right would have it. political tremors have also unsettled the centre—right, led by the main opposition people's party, they are likely to lose votes to vox, or end up likely to lose votes to vox, or end up depending on them to hold onto power. after the convulsions of the campaign, saturday has been set aside as a day of reflection. but with results expected to be close, and followed by lengthy coalition
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talks, the karma is not likely to last. —— calm. stay with us on bbc world news, still to come: we look at a new exhibition exploring the life and work of cinematic genius stanley kubrick. nothing, it seems, was too big to withstand the force of the tornado. the extent of the devastation will lead to renewed calls for government to build better government housing. internationally, there have already been protests. sweden says it received no warning of the accident. indeed, the russians at first denied anything had gone wrong. only when radioactivity levels began to increase outside russia were they forced to admit the accident. for the mujahideen, the mood here is of great celebration.
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this is the end of a 12—year war for them. they've taken the capital, which they've been fighting for for so long. it was 7 o'clock in the morning, the day when power began to pass from the minority to the majority, when africa, after 300 years, reclaimed its last white colony. this is bbc world news, the latest headlines. president trump urges parents to vaccinate their children against measles, after two universities are quarantined to try to contain an outbreak. the damage caused by cyclone kenneth in northern mozambique is being assessed, amid fears that hundreds of thousands of people are going to need humanitarian aid. it's the biggest storm ever recorded to hit mozambique. since making landfall it has now been downgraded, although there are warnings of flooding and landslides as a result of several
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days of heavy rain. operation at the moment is still quite scant. they are still trying to get as many resources out here to mozambique as possible. we knowjust from an update that's come in from the national disaster management team here that they are working with three helicopters and they've got a few hundred humanitarian agencies trying to set up here in mozambique. we do also know that over 2500 families are currently in displacement camps that have been set up across the northern part of mozambique and there they are receiving food aid, water, and hygiene products, to sort of help and avoid the occurrence of disease at this point. the number of areas that authorities are currently looking into, there's an area called quissanga which has been badly affected as well as pemba, as well as an area called ibo — all of these are further
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north upcountry. what they are trying to do there — a lot of the houses have been destroyed, some of the homes are very basics — so they are trying to work out how to get aid to people who may not have time to evacuate and they're also trying to get access to health, to medication rather, so they have that on standby for people who may need urgent medical care. we know at this stage that one death has been confirmed but authorities fear that, as the picture becomes clearer over the next few days, that figure could rise. i'm joined now from los angeles by aradna trapathi who's a professor of atmospheric and earth sciences at the university of california. first of all, can you explain what is so unusual about these cyclones
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hitting mozambique. there have been to in the last two months? having two of these cyclones in a matter of five weeks or so just hasn't happened since we had satellites making observations since the 1970s. what we do know is that this just happened in the recent years in the caribbean with pro to rico another island nations being devastated. to see this happening in the region of africa is really quite remarkable. we know that climate change, including the intonation, that is just sparking cyclones and we are seeing intensity that is remarkable. that intensity, moisture laden air which is fuel, and wind speeds are also going up. this also means the
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storms are unusual because there is even more rain than is typical. storms are unusual because there is even more rain than is typicallj was going to ask you about how much climate change had to do with this. if climate change is driving these cyclones, is this the new normal for mozambique? i think this is. the current storm is supposed to be a 20- current storm is supposed to be a 20— year storm but we just had when just over a month ago and we're to keep seeing more intense storms and longer storm season is. we are seeing globally there has been an increase in the most intense tropical storms with global warming and soi tropical storms with global warming and so i think humanitarian disasters like these unfortunately will be the new normal. something like a0% of the world's population lives within 100 like a0% of the world's population lives within100 kilometres off the coast. over 2 million people. lives within100 kilometres off the coast. 0ver2 million people. just briefly, what can a country like mozambique to kind of weatherproof
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itself for these new storms coming in. ensuring resources are being invested, particularly in coastal areas, where there are people who areas, where there are people who are vulnerable due to storm surges. making sure that there are enough food stores and medical stores to get care to people in need and realising this is going to be happening unfortunately again. i would say the other thing for us to remember is, this burden should not be solely held by citizens of island nations that are not the cause of this. it's actually nations like ours that i responsible for most of the emissions and we are the ones that need to act. we will certainly keep an eye on the cyclones in
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mozambique. the trump administration says it will pursue diplomatic efforts aimed at ending 18 years of war in afghanistan, despite the taliban's decision to cancel the latest planned round of talks. the death toll, civilian and military, continues to rise at an alarming rate. over the last four years, a5,000 afghan soldiers and police have been killed. this is not the life that this 2a—year—old imagined. just a few years ago, he was a proud officer in the afghan army and about to get married. now, that is all gone. he put his life on the line for his country, clearing roadside bombs and fighting the taliban. this filmed before he was shot and lost the use of his legs. since then, he says he has received little support
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save for a modest pension. he says, "i was not looked after. of course, you get upset. you tell yourself you served for this soil. i served for this country. they should have treated me properly, they should have helped me get better." the afghan government's focus is not on the casualties of war but on its very own survival and that means rapidly reinforcing the ranks depleted by the constant fighting. a5,000 afghan soldiers and police have been killed over the past four years. this is like a production line for the afghan army. at any given time at this one centre, there are 5000 recruits being trained but, remember, every single day, around 30 members of the afghan security forces are being killed in battle.
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for every soldier killed, at least another two are seriously wounded. and this is one of the few clinics in afghanistan that treat the many who have lost limbs. hussein was severly injured in the explosion, soon after he joined the army. atjust 19, he is a double amputee. 22—year—old ali stepped on a mine in helmand — he is still waiting to be fitted with prosthetics. especially in the condition they come here, without both legs, life is terrible. in many countries, the ministry of defence has its own rehabilitation facilities for soldiers. in afghanistan, no. these young recruits who have never known peace are having to prepare for the worst.
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the afghan forces have been taking their highest casualties since they have been leading the fight. and there will be many more forgotten victims in this too easily forgotten war. johnathan beale, bbc news, kabul. and you can see more on jonathan's story on bbc world news this weekend. it's 20 years since the american—born, british—based, oscar—winning director stanley kubrick died. for the first time in the uk, a major retrospective exploring his film—making is being held in london. when they came out, many of his films like a clockwork orange, 2001: a space odyssey and dr. strangelove were seen as ahead of their time and they still resonate today. our arts editor will gompertz reports. you are entering a stanley kubrick experience, a world of single—point perspective and almost obsessive attention to detail. if film—making was the art form of the 20th century, then stanley kubrick was its da vinci. a fine artist with a mechanical eye who produced celluloid masterpieces, from barry lyndon to a clockwork orange. malcolm mcdowell starred in the film. ok, malcolm. the sports car he drove takes the lead in the exhibition. the last time i did this, i think i was in my 20s. oh, my god! what's the matter, will? are you having a problem?
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my feet are stuck... i'm in. good man, ok. how did kubrick differ to other directors? i asked him, "how do you direct?" he said, "well, i know... "i don't know what i want. "but i do know what i don't want." and how, wow, that was true. and i think that's why he did a lot of takes. luckily, with me, he never really did that many takes. on barry lyndon, i heard he went up to 100 takes. the exhibition charts kubrick's near 50 year career. from his earliest days, earning a living as a chess player and a photographer, to the short films he made as a young auteur, in which he did pretty much everything. each of his major movies is given a gallery, telling its story,
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presenting the processes, props and people with whom kubrick collaborated. this is where most of the show‘s contents have come from. the film—maker's home and h0 in hertfordshire, which was a sort of kubrick studios. ok, so, this library was the screening room. this was a workroom. so, the steenbeck was over there, the control table was over here. what connection was he wanting to make with the audience? he wanted to tell stories that made people think. he didn't spoon—feed you what you should think about his movie. and that's why, 50 years down the road, people are still discussing and talking about them. the exhibition ends with his oscar—winning sci—fi classic 2001: a space odyssey, complete with a space station v installation, and a range of archive material that brings us as close as we are ever going to get to understanding this master film—maker. will gompertz, bbc news. the bodies of 15 people including six children have been discovered at the side of pierce gun battle on the east coast of sri lanka. that's
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according to a military spokesman and it comes just six days after those easter sunday bomb attacks. we will keep your cross that. hello. it will be a stormy start to the weekend for many parts of the uk. in fact, storm hannah has already brought power outages to parts of ireland. the winds have been escalating through the night and evere gales are expected quite widely around the coast and the hills in the west. this is a deep area of low pressure so late into the season, of course, when the trees are now in full leaf in many areas so we do expect some damage to trees, buildings, power lines and that disruption to transport. there are warnings out there on the website for this storm, mostly for the winds but not entirely because it looks pretty wet as well. we've had one band of rain moving through the night. this next one coming in becomes a slow—moving feature, so with all the cloud around, it's not going to to be a cold start
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to this saturday morning, but it will be a very windy one. particularly for england and wales where we're expecting severe gales around the coast and over the hills, but inland we're expecting gales, gusts up to 55 miles per hour, which is pretty unusual anyway, and remember, we are very late in the season now. as well as that we've got this rain which will be persistent across parts of northern ireland, south—west scotland, into northern england, north wales, the midlands, across towards the humber and, with that rain and the wind combined, it is really going to feel quite chilly. temperatures barely reaching nine or 10 celsius. to the south, showery, and to north as well with some good spells of sunshine potentially for western scotland. but some heavy thundery showers around too. and the afternoon may bring a strong wind to northern ireland, south—west scotland and the isle of man as well as north—west england and north wales. it will still continue to blow a gale or severe gale further south. a very windy day, certainly not a day for the outdoors. but the winds do ease through the night, and that's because storm hannah starts to blow out to the north sea. and we get a ridge of high pressure
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building for the second part of the weekend. it's not plain sailing but i think for the london marathon probably the day of the two and almost great conditions for the runners because it will stay cool, we think, quite a bit of cloud around, i think there will be some brightness coming through, and temperatures will be doing a little better than saturday. however, you can still see this weather front draped into western parts, so northern ireland and wales and south—west seeing further dank weather. further east we'll have the remnants of our weather front. in eastern areas, a few showers around. a cool northerly breeze will be much lighter. 12—15 looking like our highs. they're a little bit more respectable from the days ahead. then high—pressure starts the new week so it could be a bit chilly first thing monday. could be a little bit of mist and fog around, but as the day wears on, we'll start to see this next weather system winding inself to bring some rain into the west. so generally we keep an unsettled picture into early next week. bye— bye.
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this is bbc news, the headlines: president trump has urged americans to be immunised against measles, despite previously casting doubt on the vaccination. health officials believe the recent rise in people contracting the virus is partly connected to misinformation about the jab. 270 students and staff are in quarantine after cases were confirmed at two universities in california. sri lanka's prime minister has told the bbc that he considered sri lanka's security forces have said 15 bodies have been recovered in the hunt for those responsible for the easter sunday attacks. earlier, sri lanka's prime minister has told the bbc that he considered resigning in the wake of the easter sunday bomb attacks. he said he simply "wasn't in the loop" for a briefing on warnings of a possible terrorist plot received two weeks before 250 people were killed. severe flood warnings have been issued in mozambique as cyclone kenneth, the second in as many months, moves further inland. there are fears that hundreds of thousands of people will need humanitarian aid.

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