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tv   BBC News  BBC News  May 11, 2019 2:00pm-2:31pm BST

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this is bbc news. the headlines: flying in the uk may have to be restricted because of climate change, admits the government. campaigners say a rethink is essential. we know we have to reduce our emissions urgently and radically and expanding them is going in the opposite direction, it doesn't make sense. aid workers say a pledge by houthi rebels in yemen to withdraw troops from key ports is a big game changer, as it may open a lifeline for millions of people facing famine. the signs on the ground are people saying it is tentatively looking good, but let's see in the coming days if that is fulfilled. jeremy corbyn announces that labour will pay 16 and 17 year olds
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the same minimum wage as everyone else — if it wins the next election. fly—tipping in england is up by nearly 40% in the past five years. and councils say nobody has yet been given the maximum sentence. concerns over climate change might restrict the growth of aviation in the uk, the government has admitted. a senior civil servant says ministers may have to review their strategy — including plans to expand heathrow. it follows a recent warning from the committee on climate change, which advises the government, that the planned increase in aviation would need to be curbed to control carbon emissions. our environment analyst roger harrabin reports. flying is on the up and the government has been planning for it to continue to grow.
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what about climate change, you might ask? under current policy, industry will have to cut more greenhouse gases so aviation can expand. but the government is now considering a plan to virtually eliminate emissions by 2050. and a civil servant has admitted in a letter to a green group that it may have to take note of advice from the independent climate change committee, saying that although people could continue to fly while meeting climate change targets, it was not possible for aviation to keep on expanding. in the end, i think the logic of this is completely inevitable. we know that we have to reduce our emissions urgently and radically and expanding them is going in the opposite direction. itjust does not make sense and i don't think the public want to see the government committing to a plan that is inconsistent with a safe and prosperous future for all of us. any policy change may affect controversial plans to expand heathrow. it definitely means the government
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will have to think hard about whether aviation can continue to grow at a time of what parliament calls a climate emergency. let's talk to paul charles, an aviation consultant and a former director of communications for virgin atlantic. hejoins me now via webcam from cornwall. to what extent is the aviation industry taking these concerns seriously? i think the industry is taking the concerns very seriously indeed. there are a lot of measures which several leading airlines from the uk and across europe are taking, such as carbon offsetting, flying the best planes available which are the best planes available which are the least polluting, such as using training for their pilots where they are flying they are burning less fuel, they are flying continuous descent approach, using less fuel, a
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number of measures by the industry hasn't moved fast enough and this is why the government has this conundrum. it knows it needs to help the industry grow, it knows it needs to help the industry grow because it helps the economy, but equally it knows there is a climate emergency it has to deal with, so it's a real balance and the pressure is on the industry now to do more than it has donein industry now to do more than it has done in the last ten years. the idea that aviation can keep on expanding, surely that has to be challenged now? it is right to challenge it, absolutely as it is with every other industry but the industry can grow if it seeks to achieve net zero emissions, or negative emissions which would be ideal. if the industry can do things such as produce aircraft which burn not fossil fuel but perhaps use electricity for example, through entries, for example carbon
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offsetting can offset all of those flights and passengers pay more to do so. at the moment not many passages are doing that, and if the planes themselves are super efficient, then all of those things over the next 20—30 years can contribute to zero emissions and that has to be the challenge for the industry, don't sit still, don't do this by piecemeal, actually achieve something that will be a sea change for the industry. what happened to that use of biofuel that virgin tried about ten years ago? absolutely. ten years ago i was involved in a biofuel flight which virgin atlantic flew from london to amsterdam and with boeing and general electric it was seen as the start of something potentially quite big. but biofuels have not taken off in the way that everybody predicted, there are question marks over the use of some biofuels so the aviation industry particularly the engine makers like rolls—royce, like
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general electric, they had to work now urgently on producing engines that are not burning fossil fuels. that has to be the answer if the aviation industry wants to go and if it wants to make the best use of any further runway if it happens. you pre—empted my next question. how likely is it then that this third ru nway likely is it then that this third runway at heathrow will have to be revisited? personally i don't think the third runway will ever happen, i really don't. there are so many arguments over it, it is doomed to failure. sadly the industry has not proven failure. sadly the industry has not prove n over failure. sadly the industry has not proven over the last few years that it is capable of growing in the way needed to deserve a third runway. it may well how to find other ways of growing through flying larger aircraft which hopefully in future will burn much less fuel, but there are so many arguments over the third ru nway are so many arguments over the third runway i don't believe it will happen in my lifetime. thank you very much for talking to us.
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the united nations says houthi rebels in yemen appear to be honouring a pledge to withdraw troops from key ports. it's the first signficant step since a ceasefire agreement was signed in december. the three ports are crucial for the distribution of international aid, in a country where millions are on the verge of starvation. for the last four years, the houthi, supported by iran, have been fighting the yemeni government, which is backed by a coalition of countries, led by saudi arabia. a warning, this reoport from the bbc‘s chief international correspondent, lyse doucet, does contain some distressing scenes. a vital lifeline for a nation on the brink of famine. nearly all of yemen's aid comes through here. the houthis control this port and two others nearby. now they say they are pulling out theirfighters. if they do, it's the first step in the deal reached in stockholm in december, hailed then as a rare breakthrough. now the deal is on the verge of collapse.
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so is yemen, a country facing what the un calls the world's worst humanitarian crisis. images like this have shocked the world. not enough to end a brutal war between houthis aligned to iran and yemen government forces backed by a saudi—led coalition and armed by the west. earlier this year we saw how a fragile ceasefire in hudaydah was largely holding. but both sides agreed in stockholm to withdraw their forces from this strategic corner of yemen. there is deep distrust. if this first step succeeds, it could lead to broader peace talks. if it doesn't, yemen's best chance in years could also fail. lyse doucet, bbc news. sanj srikanthan is head of the international rescue committee in europe. he told my colleague shaun ley, how significant houthi rebels withdrawing from major ports
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like hodeidah will be. if it is carried out it is huge, because over 50% of the aid yemen needs and there are 2a million people who need aid, 7.5 who are malnourished, this can be a big game changer. it lessens the burden on international aid committees. we have people trying to save as many lives as possible. in effect it will make your chances easier if you can get your own stuff through? absolutely. we are seeing children coming to us malnourished, getting treated and then going back and coming back malnourished again because there is no food in the community and hodeidah opening up and getting commercial and humanitarian access will change that. what impact has this had on yemen? it has displaced 3.5 million people, this has the largest population
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of malnourished children under five. the conflict is taking no account for civilians at all. neither humanitarians or civilians are being respected and our sincere hope is that this is the first step on a long track to peace but it is only the first step and there is a long way to go. you are going to go out there shortly, what operation have you got on the ground? is this a country where it is possible for your operatives to travel freely and actually get to all parts of the country? health care is our biggest service provision on the ground, reproductive health care so mothers can deliver babies safely, giving them the nutrition they need to keep the children alive especially in the first five years. it is possible to work but it is very dangerous and we are having to work around the conflict. both sides are not taking account of humanitarians or civilians
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so it is becoming very difficult and our operations will continue with hodeidah open but hopefully we will see a lessening of the demand for our help. are you worried that because this is a unilateral move by the rebels, that when they move out of hodeidah, otherforces might move in and it might not simply be a case of opening the port up, and the problem remains? whoever is in charge of hodeidah, they have got to respect the access humanitarians need to bring aid in, and there will be a lot of negotiation about this and we would like all sides to adhere to what they agree in stockholm and for the un to be given access to monitor what happens next. it has been a painfully slow process? it has. we did see an intent to see this happen in february but it did not happen, but now the signs on the ground is that it is tentatively looking good but let's see in the coming days whether that is fulfilled
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and the lives of people are saved. a point about the port, i saw in the notes that there is a vast store of grain in the port that has been inaccessible for many months, what chances of any of that actually being used ? i think it can be used but we need to see what it looks like, but more importantly there are ships coming in with fresh aid and medical supplies, and as the international rescue committee, we can use this to save lives, that is our hope. they can come in quickly? yes, aside from the military withdrawal, assuming we have the port actually functioning, and the port authorities able to do theirjob, and no bureaucracy preventing aid coming in. the united states says it's ready to defend its forces and interests in the gulf,
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as tensions with iran escalate. the pentagon is sending an extra navy ship and a patriot air defence missile system to the region, but said it was not seeking conflict with tehran. two men have appeared in court in connection with violence in londonderry, on the night the journalist lyra mckee was shot dead. they were both remanded remanded in custody. our reporter louise cullen is in belfast and has this update. two men appeared in court in londonderry magistrates‘ court. they were 51—year—old paul mcintyre from bally mcgowan park in the creggan area of londonderry. and 38—year—old christopher gillen, who is from bell lane pass in the city. both men are charged with riot and petrol bomb offences. paul mcintyre is also charged with arson of a hijacked vehicle. while christopher gillen is also charged with arson and hijacking of a tipper truck. both men refused to stand and acknowledge the court when they were brought into the dock. a detective said that the evidence against the men had
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come from mobile phone footage handed in by members of the public and also from footage seized from a documentary being filmed by mtv on thursday the 18th in derry. which included filming in the offices of the distant republican linked group suru in derry and also writing in the creggan during which lyra mckee were shot. he also said he believed the two men ringleaders. both men were denied bail when thejudge said he didn't believe there was a safe address in the city at any stage for them to be remanded to and they were both remanded in custody. the headlines on bbc news: concerns over climate change might restrict the growth of flying in the uk, according to a senior civil servant. aid workers say a pledge by houthi rebels in yemen to withdraw troops from key ports is a "big game changer", as it may open a lifeline for millions of people facing famine. jeremy corbyn is pledging that labour will pay 16 and i7—year—olds
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the same minimum wage as everyone else — if it wins the next election. labour has said that if it wins power, it will change the minimum wage, so that 16 and 17 year olds will be paid £10 per hour — up from the current rate of £4.35. it would put them on the same rate as that pledged by labour to older workers. some business leaders say it could risk reducing the number of under 18—year—olds in work, especially apprenticeships. here's our business correspondent katy austin. how much should you pay a young person to work for you? workers in the hospitality and retail sectors are the most likely to be on lowest pay. today, labour said the youngest employees should be paid more. we will abolish the youth rate of the minimum wage, workers should be rewarded for their work not their
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age. equal rights for workers means just that. irrespective of age, gender, nationality or ethnicity. at the moment, the independent low pay commission advises the government on what the minimum wage should be. workers under the age of 18 are currently entitled to a minimum wage of £4.35 per hour. for over 25 nearly double that, £8.21 per hour. under the labour plan, a £10 per hour living wage would extend to people under 18, adding, it says, £2,500 to the amount 16 and 17—year—olds earn each year. this is a big change, we do not know what the effect would be because nothing like it has been tried before. this is more than doubling the minimum wage for 16 and 17—year—olds. the risk is that employers might not want to take them on at £10 per hour and if this applies to apprentices, it may reduce the training some of these young people are getting. labour says it will give smaller
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firms support to help them afford the rise, saying it would savings from a reduction in the amount the treasury pays in in work benefits to pay for it. the group representing small businesses told me firms are already squeezed and it wants to hear more detail about what support would be an offer to help them shoulder the cost and avoid job cuts. labour's idea is clearly designed to appeal to younger voters. the verdict from businesses, more detail needed. the chairman of the 1922 committee of backbench conservative mps, sir graham brady, says he expects theresa may to give more detail in the coming days about her plans to leave downing street. the prime minister is due to meet the committee's
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executive next week. 0ur political correspondent, jessica parker is here. is this wishful thinking? sir graham has tried a few times to have this chat with her. he would say he represents the views of backbench conservative mps, let's be clear, those views do vary but there are certainly some conservative mps, there is increasingly this is the case who want theresa may to set an unconditional timetable for her departure. at the moment what she said, she will go once phase one of brexit is delivered, the divorce settle m e nt brexit is delivered, the divorce settlement of leaving the eu. sir graham brady, he has said talking to the bbc that he does understand why the bbc that he does understand why the prime minister might be relu cta nt the prime minister might be reluctant at this stage to name an exact date. i don't think it's about an intention of staying indefinitely as prime minister of leader of the
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conservative party, reticence is the concern that by promising to go on a certain timetable, it might make it less likely that she would secure parliamentary approval for the withdrawal agreement rather than more likely. how likely is that she will have to go of her own accord rather than being given the sharp? who can say what will happen over the coming days and weeks. what sir graham has also said is he thinks it would be strange if this meeting did result in some clearer understanding of theresa may's departure theresa may still wants to secure some kind of brexit legacy and if she does feel naming an exact date that opponents will dig in rather than rele nt opponents will dig in rather than relent because they can see how departure date in sight, then perhaps she is not going to want to name an exact date. they might ask herfor name an exact date. they might ask her for that this name an exact date. they might ask herfor that this week, name an exact date. they might ask her for that this week, there is name an exact date. they might ask herfor that this week, there is no guarantee they will get it. does so graham want to hold his hat into the ring for any leadership battle? he hasjoined many
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ring for any leadership battle? he has joined many who ring for any leadership battle? he hasjoined many who have ring for any leadership battle? he has joined many who have said they are not ruling it out. fly—tipping has increased by almost a0 per cent in the past five years according to councils in england. the local government association said nobody convicted of fly—tipping since 2014 had been given the maximum penalty of a 50—thousand pound fine or a year in prison because of funding pressures. the goverment says they've strengthened local authorities‘ enforcement powers. earlier allison 0gden—newton, ceo of keep britain tidy, explained the two main categories of fly tipping. people don't understand what fly—tipping is, and a lot of people don't know the term fly—tipping. we did research with over a thousand members of the public and found 40% of them admitted to some form of fly—tipping behaviour, so that could be as innocuous as putting a black bag out on the wrong day or next to the bin, which might sound like doing the right thing but local authorities cannot operate
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like that and if you put one, do you put two, or three, or four, or five or six? or do other people add to it and we end up with high streets looking particularly scruffy. there are two very distinct forms, one is that which we've just discussed, the ordinary householder misunderstanding and putting out a piece of furniture out because they think it will be useful to somebody else, but the large majority of the epidemic that we're seeing and being highlighted with this research, is the criminal fly—tipping, these vast, overnight industrial waste which are quite often created by people who have contacts with organised crime, and costs the public and private people, with over a third of farmers reporting flytipping. we know that clearing up fly—tipping costs the public about three quarters of a billion pounds. but we estimate that at least that much is being paid by private people who have to clear up their land,
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otherwise they possibly can't cultivate it. lgbt models were on the catwalk at an event showcasing pakistani fashion in london this week. it also featured britain's first muslim transgender drag queen. 0rganisers say it was a nod to the passing of a recent bill in pakistan which banned discrimination against transgender people. bbc asian network's shabnam mahmood has more. music a pakistani fashion show with a difference. these models are all from the lgbt community. making her debut brittain's first out muslim transgender drag queen. within the last year in pakistan, there has been quite a lot
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of government bills that have gone through, especially around transgender rights. i think actually pakistan fashion week highlighting that within the fashion runway, i think is a really great move forward. strutting their stuff during rehearsals. it's the first time the event is featuring a transgender catwalk since it began almost ten years ago. the world is progressing and pakistan progressed. i thought why not give it a shout, as being celebrating freedom. fashion has no boundaries, i always say so why limit the fashion for any gender, for any person, any race or any caste. fashion is for everyone. last year, pakistan's parliament passed a law protecting its tra nsgender community and banning discrimination against them. this show is celebrating the landmark move. teaching people to be tolerant, accepting of one social issue or potentially create more equality for all. particularly for this line it's important for me to show visibility and solidarity for other communities other than the
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transgender community. a lot of people don't actually realise how many ethnic, notjust black, but ethnic, black, gay people there are out there. it is a high community and i wish to bring out awareness to it. and the clothes on display have been made to appeal to all sexes. i do understand that our brands are primarily focused to define genders, like either do a men's line or a female line. but the world is moving into different directions, like we have come up with this unisex range which caters to all kinds of ranges. who am i to discriminate against who wants to wear what? 0rganisers are hoping gender neutral fashion will become a permanent feature in their future events. shabnam mahmood, bbc news. simon armitage has been named as the new poet laureate, a role that will last for ten years. the west yorkshire writer says he wants to use the role to ensure poetry embraces major global issues, including climate change.
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earlier my colleague shaun ley asked him how he views the role. it has really changed, if you go back a few hundred years it was a very mysterious post, it was a job for life and on occasions people would be obliged to write to commission for royal occasions and there is still some of that element attached to it but it has really been modernised over the last two decades, since it became a decade—long appointment. it is more about rolling our sleeves up these days, some elements are ceremonial and ambassadorial, but there are other parts which are to do with the promotion of poetry and celebrating poetry and trying to encourage younger writers to try their hand at it and to identify people who might have a future in poetry. with the title poet laureate that might open a few doors in terms
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of the lobbying you do on behalf of poetry and the work of your fellow poets? that's the key, the fact it is a royal appointment, it helps to raise the prominence of this post and if the role is about making noises and asking questions, lending a voice to certain ideas and ideologies, that association with the monarch, i suppose, is probably the reason why i'm talking to you this morning. that probably is the reason, when else would we invite a poet onto a news programme? that is a fair comment. it's a busy morning for many people, on a saturday, i wonder if you could read us something? because you say poetry should be for crazy times as well as calm times. it's a poem about climate
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change and clean air, something you were talking about earlier — it's called in praise of air. "i write in praise of air, i was six or five when a conjurer "opened my knotted fist and i held in my palm the whole of the sky. "i carried it with me ever since. "let air be a major god, its being and touch, "its breastmilk always tilted to the lips, both dragonfly "and boeing dangle in its see—through nothingness. "among the jungled bric—a—brac i keep a padlocked treasure chest "of empty space and on days when thoughts are fuddled with smog "and civilisation covers the street with a white handkerchief "over its mouth, and cars blow kisses to our lips from theirs, "i turn the key, throw back the lid, breathe deep. "my first word, everyone's
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first word, was air." the new poet laureate there, simon armitage. now it's time for a look at the weather, with alina jenkins. it is an afternoon of sunshine and showers but it is across eastern england that we are seeing the widespread showers. this is the scene in skipton, showing big cumulonimbus clouds on the horizon. thanks for sending that in. you can see the extent of the showers. it is across central and eastern areas, where there is further west pressure is building. the weather is largely dry across western is building. the weather is largely di’y across western areas. is building. the weather is largely dry across western areas. 0vernight tonight those showers clear away and the sky is clear as well with light winds, a cold night, temperatures in towns and cities down to low single figures. a chilly start to the day for many of us. a glorious day with
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plenty of sunshine. high cloud works into western scotland making the sunshine hazy and there will be a few showers for the northern isles, otherwise dry and feeling warmer, 16 degrees in edinburgh and manchester, 17 for london and cardiff on the cards for tomorrow afternoon. the artist your weather.
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the headlines: concerns over climate change might restrict the growth of flying in the uk, according to a senior civil servant. the un says houthi rebels in yemen appear to be honouring a pledge

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