hello, everyone. this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon in singapore. the headlines: increased security and a second overnight curfew in sri lanka, in response to a wave of anti—muslim violence on monday. a prominent philippines journalist is brought before court on libel charges. she says it's because of critical reporting on president duterte. i'm samantha simmonds in london. also in the programme: we speak to a lawyer who was a victim of the whatsapp cyber attack and track down the company which developed the software in israel. we meet the former monk who's now dispensing words of wisdom to 25 million online followers.
live from our studios in singapore and london, this is bbc world news — it's newsday. glad you could join us. it's 8am in singapore, 1am in london, and 5:30 in the morning in sri lanka, where the second night of curfew has not long ended. the authorities are trying to stop the violent attacks on muslim—owned homes and shops in areas north of the capital colombo. it's thought they are reprisals for the easter bombings that killed more than 250 people. shuba krishnan has the latest. mobs of men armed with sticks take to the streets. they're part of a growing number of anti—muslim rioters causing havoc in towns north of sri lanka's capital, colombo. this mosque had its windows smashed,
while this one was ransacked, its furniture destroyed. this man says his house was torched and he feared for his safety. translation: they came suddenly. they went down the road throwing rocks at houses. then they returned and set fire to the place. we couldn't go out because we were scared they would kill us. tyres were set alight and thrown at this pasta factory. its owner says his staff were trapped inside. meanwhile, this halal grocery shop was petrol bombed. in the wake of the violence, sri lanka's prime minister appealed for calm, saying security forces were working tirelessly to apprehend terrorists and ensure the security of the country, but unrest would hinder investigations. sri lankan cricket legend kumar sangakkara also took to twitter. he called for unity.
a state of emergency has been in place since the easter sunday bombings as investigations continue. shuba krishnan, bbc news. let's take a look at some of the day's other news. in an unprecedented statement, iran's supreme leader ayatollah khamenei says there will be no war with the united states. and amid rapidly growing tensions between the two countries, the us secretary of state, mike pompeo, on a visit to
russia, stated that the us does not want war with iran. the united states will continue to apply pressure to the regime in tehran until its leadership is prepared to return to the ranks of responsible nations that do not threaten their neighbours or not instability or terror. also making news today: the world health organization has published its first ever guidelines aimed at reducing the risk of dementia. the guidelines focus on maintaining
a healthy and active lifestyle, because, who experts say, it has now been proven that what's good for the heart is also good for the brain. saudi arabia says there has been an attack on two oil pumping stations by drones loaded with explosives. the saudi energy ministry says the east—west pipeline was targeted and oil pumping has been halted. it comes after a day after saudi arabia said that two of its oil tankers were targeted in what it called a ‘sabotage attack‘. sudanese army rulers and protest leaders have agreed on a three year transition period for handing over power to a full civilian administration. the announcement follows violent protests in the capital khartoum on monday in which four people died and dozens were injured. sudan has been ruled by the council since president omar al—bashir was toppled last month. downing street says parliament will vote on legislation to implement any brexit deal early next month. theresa may will urge the house of commons to back the withdrawal agreement bill in an attempt to ratify the uk's
exit from the eu before the summer. mrs may's brexit deal has already been rejected three times by mps. san francisco has become the first us city to ban the use of facial recognition technology by police and city agencies. a board of supervisors vote means city departments will not be able to make use of the technology and would need to seek approval for other surveillance measures. and take a look at these pictures. we like to think this unsuspecting californian fisherman was sipping his coffee, gently whiling away the time when this happened. salmon season in california coincides with the time when humpbacks are returning to feed for the summer. and this whale was making sure everyone knew that it was his territory. a prominentjournalist in the philippines, maria ressa, has been arraigned in court over cyber libel charges and violation
of foreign ownership laws. the founder of news site rappler was named one of time magazine's people of the year in 2018. ressa says she's being targeted because of rappler‘s critical reporting on president rodrigo duterte‘s drug war. it's clear we won't get intimidated. 11 cases in 14 months. 11 cases and investigations in 14 months. i've posted bail eight times. in this case, all of our board of directors from 2015 were also included. these are upstanding men and women in our community. they have businesses to run. and to try to intimidate journalists who won't be intimidated, well, that is not a behaviour that we would expect of a democracy. here's lee morgenbesser, a south east asia expert from griffith university in brisbane, who thinks president duterte‘s strong result in the recent elections has emboldened his supporters
to intimidate ressa. maria ressa has been trialed through the court system which is quite independent from the senate results that we saw just over the independent from the senate results that we sawjust over the last independent from the senate results that we saw just over the last a few days. i think supporters of duterte will be emboldened by the results of the election and the popularity that he has and they will be encouraged to further intimidate maria ressa and her supporters and push their cases through the court system. of course, professor, it is notjust raploch that is under fire, you have one of the more famous television networks in the philippines also under the microscope with president duterte and he is objecting to their renewal of their television franchise and also several other broadsheets have been criticised by criticising his policies. yes, this isa criticising his policies. yes, this is a fairly common tactic that we have seen in other cases of democratic erosion around the world,
whether it is in hungary or venezuela or zambia. the philippines is now in this category where you have an illiberal leader who is nevertheless elected using his treatment and harassment of the media to shrink the space for freedom of expression stop so this case is just one of many. i don't expect it to be the last case against her. and it doesn't bode well for the future of the philippines media space. professor eduardo araral is from the lee kwan yew school of public policy. he doesn't think the recent mid—term election results will have any influence over the court case. i don't think the recent election has any bearing on the media. the case against maria ressa is already in the courts and the senate or the congress cannot say anything. so the courts will take its time to hear the case of maria ressa and the philippine press will probably continue to....
but it is not only rappler that is under fire. you also have president duterte objecting to the renewal of a famous television network's franchise which will expire in 2020 and which needs the approval of both houses of congress. yeah, that's right. because he complained that this particular media entity cheated him in the last election and did not air his views. isn't this suppressing freedom of the press in the philippines by not approving the franchise or abs—cbn? you could take it like that. but abs—cbn is one of the many outfits. unfortunately, abs—cbn has a problem with duterte in terms of cases, tax cases. it is like what he did. maybe duterte is trying to put pressure on abs—cbn to deal with it. it's like what he did with inquirer. so the problem is if you criticise duterte and if duterte can find holes in you he will go after you.
a cyber attack exploiting a vulnerability in the messaging service, whatsapp, is thought to have been carried out using software developed by an israeli company, and there are attempts in israel to stop the firm exporting abroad. however the company maintains while it sells the software, it doesn't operate it. our middle east correspondent tom bateman has been speaking to a lawyer, who says he was specifically targeted by the cyberattack, and he's sent us this report from jerusalem. as somebody who's a lawyer, i'm used to being the person who defends people's rights, not being the victim myself. this uk—based lawyer has spent months representing people who claim their phones were targeted using nso's software. now, speaking anonymously to protect his privacy, he believes the spyware has been used against him. on sunday, i received two whatsapp video calls and i managed to capture the log. so, these were hacking attempts, you think? yes. the attempts were passed to whatsapp, who started their investigation. nso says its software
is to track terrorists, but it's accused of selling it to countries who want it to spy on dissidents. the lawyer helped alleged victims from saudi arabia and mexico. it is scary, in the sense that now we can see that it feels like the wild west, so any rogue actor or a rogue state, or a state with questionable human rights records can very easily acquire the system. secrecy surrounds the sale of the spyware abroad, with no public oversight. that's why this israeli lawyer wants nso stripped of its export licence. they don't want the israeli public to start a movement against this export licence, so there is total secrecy even in israel and total secrecy means there is no accountability. there is total impunity. israel is a world leader in cybersecurity exports. start—up firms sold their wares at this recent gathering — a tech boom fuelled by experts fresh from army intelligence. it is a source of strength
says one former general. we are helping some other countries to acquire similar capabilities, and i personally know of dozens of events where terrible terrorist attacks were intercepted only due to the availability of such intelligence capability. nso claims its software has saved countless lives, and they take every precaution to avoid abuse. this kind of spyware has the power to watch us all. the debate now is over who's watching its creators. tom bateman, bbc news, jerusalem. you're watching newsday on the bbc. live from singapore and london. still to come on the programme: it's the home of britain's top football club, but could manchester city now face a ban from europe's elite club competition? we'll have all the details. also on the programme...
we meet the former monk who's now dispensing words of wisdom to 25 million online followers. the pope was shot, the pope will live. that was the essence of the appalling news from rome this afternoon, that, as an italian television commentator put it, terrorism has come to the vatican. the man they called the butcher of lyon, klaus barbie, went on trial today in the french town where he was the gestapo chief in the second world war. winnie mandela never looked like a woman just sentenced to six years injail. the judge told mrs mandela there was no indication she felt even the slightest remorse. the chinese government has called for an all—out effort to help the victims of a powerful earthquake, the worst to hit the country for 30 years. the computer deep blue has tonight triumphed over the world chess champion, garry kasparov. it is the first time a machine has defeated a reigning world champion in a classical chess match. america's first legal same—sex marriages have been taking place in massachusetts.
god bless america! this is newsday on the bbc. i'm rico hizon in singapore. i'm samantha simmonds in london. our top stories. there's increased security and a second overnight curfew in sri lanka, in response to a wave of anti—muslim violence on monday. a prominent philippines journalist is brought before court on libel charges. she says it's because of critical reporting on president duterte. let's take a look at some front pages from around the world. let's look first at the straits times, from here in singapore. it's leading with this photograph of chinese president xijinping and singapore president halimah
yacob, who are in beijing ahead of a conference. xi reportedly praised singapore as an example of a multicultural society co—existing in harmony. moving on to the japan times now, which reports on the ongoing us—china trade war. it has experts predicting beijing's latest retaliation against us tariff hikes could be detrimental to the chinese economy, leaving little room for manouvre. and finally, a report from the new york times features an lgbt film festival in tunisia — despite the fact that being gay is illegal in the country. it's put on by an organisation which advocates for the decriminalisation of homosexuality. now, what stories are sparking
discussions online? an interesting online story about a child and rules football game? this is a match between two amateur australian rules football teams in victoria. keep an eye on the bottom right of the screen, where a little girl wearing a red jacket is about to make an unexpected entrance. she's two—year—old pippa biggs — and she was in danger of being flattened until one of the players, alex mclead, stepped in. he ignored the ball, picked up the toddler, and carried her to safety on the sideline. there she is being carried to safety. i am glad she is safe. manchester city could face a season—long ban from europe's elite club competition, the champions league, if found guilty of breaching financial rules. the club is being accused of inflating the value of a multimillion—pound
sponsorship deal. city denies the allegations and says reports of a ban are "extremely concerning". our sports editor dan roan has more. they have been examining evidence that was first presented by the german newspaper der spiegel, leaked documents that newspaper claimed showed that manchester city may have broken those financial fair play regulations by artificially inflating sponsorship deals by their principal sponsor, etihad airlines. now, manchester city today issued a very strongly—worded statement in which they said that they fully cooperated with this enquiry, they said they were deeply concerned by the possibility these reports had leaked out of uefa and they said that they provided evidence which showed they were innocent. but we understand that the investigatory panel have concluded — certainly several members of it —
that a season—lomg ban from the champions league —— that a season—long ban from the champions league would be suitable. the final decision on what recommended punishment should be submitted however rests with the chairman of that panel and he has yet to reach that decision — that should come on later on in this week. the moon is shrinking. but don't worry too much — it isn't going anywhere fast. according to scientists, the moon has shrunk about 50 metres over the last several hundred million years. it's all because the core is cooling, which causes the surface to crack. the research was led by dr thomas watters, senior scientist at the smithsonian institutions. and i'm pleased to say hejoins me live from washington. wonderful to have you with us and thank you forjoining us. can you tell us more about why the moon is shrinking and any potential repercussions because of that. that comes from the fact that the moon's interior is still hot and that is
one of the more scientifically challenging questions because small bodies like the moon typically are not expected to maintain a hot interior over 4.5 billion years. so what is happening as the interior cools, the volume of the interior reduces in size and then the crust has to adjust to that reduced volume and it creates a series of thrust faults, basically landforms formed when the crust is pushed together and breaks. and so what has happened is that we have now had with the lunar orbiter operating 2009, we have been finding thousands of these thrust fault and what were
we able to do, even though we knew they relatively young although not how young we had a0 or 50—year—old dataset from the apollo missions and it turns out that those seismometers actually recorded some of these fault slipping as the moon was drinking. and you are talking about moonquakes? that is right. it generates moonquakes. some are fairly strong. is there any scientific knock on effect of the moon shrinking and these moonquakes occurring? it does not impact the earth. the opposite is true. we have found out that the earth is influencing the moon in the formation of these faults because of the tidal forces that the earth exerts on the moon. everybody is
very familiar with the earth's tied which are affected by the moon but the earth has the same effect on the moon and it creates forces that help these faults form. this is not new data, is it? it is new information but from a0—year—old data? data, is it? it is new information but from ao—year—old data ?m data, is it? it is new information but from 40-year-old data? it is a combination. that is one of the cool things about it. we are using a0, 50—year—old data that was collect the by the apollo seismometers in combination with a mission that is currently operating around the lunar reconnaissance orbiter. so we are taking data from both of these. aao, 50—year—old apollo mission and a decade old and still continuing lunar reconnaissance orbiter. so it shows how very valuable that apollo science data is and still is
contributing to our understanding of the moon. great to have you with us and absolutely fascinating. one minute he was a monk, the next, an award—winning motivational speaker. with 25 million online followers, jay shetty is arguably one of the most influential people on the internet. he sat down with haroon rashid, from the bbc‘s asian network. jay shetty describes himself as a storyteller who makes wisdom go viral and has now notched up hundreds of millions of views on inspirational videos about lifestyle, relationships and well—being. when i met a monk when i was 18, i felt it was the first time i met somebody who was really having an impact in the world, doing something incredibly positive, so i spent a lot of time with him over the next four years. when i was 22 i decided to turn
down my corporate job offer and decided to be a monk cause i felt that would help me lead a life of service. how long did you spend in india and just describe what your daily routine was like? i traded my suits for robes. we lived out of a gym locker, woke at about aam every single day to meditate for about a—8 hours a day and i lived there for three years. was it difficult when you come back to london? was it difficult to adapt back to normal life? i actually went back into the corporate world, which is what i would have done originally, and i ended up learning about social media and i started to see it as such an incredible tool to send messages. andso in 2016 i realised i wanted to use all of my corporate training and my monk training to see if i could put the two together and use social media and monk to actually share that video did i think like 125 million views and it really helped — a lot of the comments on that video, if you read the thread, a lot of people saying,
this gave me permission to talk to my friend, or this force me to reach out to my friend and then i realise she or he was going through this. as a teenager yourself, you were bullied for being overweight. what advice do you have for children, teenagers who are bullied? one of the things i say is i think it actually influences responsibility to make sure that we do not pass and trickle down these biases to teens. the other side for us is to also recognise that there is a broad spectrum of people who are successful, happy, wise but with different body types and different skills. i think you have to start recognising that you need to find peace and satisfaction in what you want because you want it, rather than someone else making you want it. with three videos and two pod casts published weekly, jay is making the most of his growing on line community. haroon rashid, bbc news. you have been watching newsday.
and here is some more inspiration. 17 acts have performed in the final —— semi—final of eurovision including san marino who have qualified for the final for the second time in their history. the australian icelandic and greek co ntesta nts australian icelandic and greek contestants joined them. successful a cts contestants joined them. successful acts will compete on saturday alongside germany, france, italy israel and uk who all automatically qualify. i will be watching the competition and listening to the performers. it looks like it will be a very competitive contest. do you have a favourite? not at this moment. we wish them all like, don't we? i'm samantha simmonds in london. and i'm rico hizon in singapore. stay with us. india's politicians have been splashing the cash to capture the attention
of voters, but not everyone is happy about it. we take a look at concerns over election spending. hello again. we have got another fine sunny day coming up today before the weather begins to change. now, on tuesday, the warmest spot in the country was against scotland, where we had temperatures of 2a degrees celsius in drumnadrochit, which is by the shores of loch ness, in highland. but by the time we get to the end of the week those temperatures are on the way down. it's going to turn cooler and cloudier. we'll be looking at highs at best of around 18 degrees for friday. so you will notice the change in the weather for sure. for the time being, after what has been a warmer day, those temperatures are slower to fall. it will still turn fairly cool across parts of east anglia but otherwise those temperatures holding up a little better than they have done over recent nights. our area of high pressure
is still with us and it is going nowhere fast. just slipping a little bit further northwards. the isobars tending to ease apart. so if anything, there will be less of a wind blowing across east anglia and south—east england, where coastal areas were kept a little bit cooler on tuesday. but for wednesday those winds a little bit lighter. again, with the winds circulating in a clockwise sense, we will get the warmest air pushed up to the north and west of the uk but it's another one of those days where for many of us there will be sunshine from dawn to dusk, perhaps just a little bit of cloud developing and bubbling up across the pennines and maybe also the mountains of scotland. in the best of the sunshine, the warmest parts again likely to reach 2a degrees celsius although fairly widely we're looking at temperatures into the high teens to low 20s. so another fine looking day coming up on wednesday. looking at the charts then towards the end of the week, we start to see some changes. an area of low pressure that has been bothering central europe recently, sneaks a little bit closer. the isobars get a little bit close together as well. so we wil have a stronger easterly breeze blowing across these eastern
shores of scotland, eastern parts of england. that will tend to knock the temperatures down. but as well as that there's likely to be a little bit more cloud around, maybe a few showers dotted around across the north and west. otherwise it's mainly dry. but the temperatures, you'll notice, generally into the high teens rather than the 20s. that trend into slightly cooler weather continues on into friday. still quite a bit of cloud around. there could be a few splashes of rain here and there. probably the best of any dry weather and sunshine towards the north and west of the british isles. scotland probably having the best of it. those temperatures, well, quite a bit cooler. looking at highs between 13 and 15 degrees celsius for our towns and cities. now, on into the weekend, it looks like is likely to be quite an unsettled kind of weekend, cooler and cloudier. there will still be some sunshine around but i think there will also be spells of rain for some at times. that's your latest weather.
i'm samantha simmonds with bbc news. our top story: the authorities in sri lanka have imposed a countrywide curfew for a second night. they want to put a stop to attacks on muslim—owned homes and shops in areas north of the capital colombo. they're believed to be a reprisal for the easter bombings that killed more than 250 people. philippine journalist maria ressa is in court on libel charges she says it's because of critical reporting on president duterte. last year, she was named one of time magazine's people of the year. and this video is trending on bbc.com. a camera in far east russia has captured amazing pictures of a fire in late april. the flames can be seen moving rapidly, below an oriental white stork nest, on top of a power pylon. despite the blaze, the nest wasn't harmed. that's all. stay with bbc world news. and the top story in the uk: