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tv   BBC News  BBC News  May 17, 2019 2:00am-2:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news — broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: president trump says he wants a radical overhaul of the immigration system to favour skilled workers who speak english. it establishes a new legal immigration system that protects american wages, promotes american values, and attracts the best and brightest from all around the world. us—china relations reach a new low as washington blocks the tech giant huawei from american markets. the sanctions come into effect immediately. history in asia — taiwan is to become the first country in the region to formally legalise same—sex marriage. australia heads to the polls —
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we examine the debate over climate change which has dominated the campaign. president trump has unveiled sweeping new proposals to change the american immigration system, a hugely divisive issue which has resisted reform for 3 decades. he says he wants to make the system more merit—based, more favourable to well—educated english—speaking applicants who already have a job in the us, and to toughen border security. our plan achieves two critical goals. first it stops illegal immigration and fully secures the border and second it establishes a new legal migration system that protect american wages, promotes american values and attract the best
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and brightest from all around the world. but the current political divisions mean mrtrump‘s plan is unlikely to make it through congress. two of his opponents described the plan as already "dead in the water." in his speech, mr trump acknowledged that the house of representatives, which is controlled by the democrats, might well block it. live now to our north america correspondent david willis. there are republicans expressing misgivings about this as well. i guess in truth nothing much is likely to change on immigration before 2020. very little. i think you are absolutely right to democrats making quite plain that they see this as patronising and out of touch and not least of course because there is no provision in this plan by president trump to look after the so—called dreamers, the young people who were brought to the united states as children through new fault of their own. without protection for them, democrats will not be signing off on anything. but
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you are right, president trump is also being criticised from the right wing for this because these plans contain no proposals to actually limit the amount of immigration into the united states. that is something that those on the right want to see because they believe that immigrants from other countries are taking away thejobs of ordinary from other countries are taking away the jobs of ordinary americans. so the jobs of ordinary americans. so the president effectively getting it from both sides for this. although the democrats are making the point that businesses at the middle and low and as they put it up calling for immigrant workers. they want more workers. absolutely. and that raises the question, of course, who is going to help out doing all those sorts ofjobs that really ordinary americans tend to... tend to be shy of, if you like. but president trump says this will bring the american immigration system into the 21st century. he proposes a build america visa programme that recognises what
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he calls extraordinary talent. currently about two—thirds of the roughly i currently about two—thirds of the roughlyi million currently about two—thirds of the roughly i million or so currently about two—thirds of the roughlyi million or so people who are allowed roughlyi million or so people who a re allowed into roughlyi million or so people who are allowed into the united states every year are admitted here based on their connections to people who are already in the united states. family members, if you like, and about 12% are allowed in based on their skills. the trump plan would effectively reverse those totals and will put the emphasis firmly on people who are young, people who are skilled and, of course crucially, people who can speak english and, indeed, applicants who do not speak english will be required to learn the language before applying and, if necessary , pass the language before applying and, if necessary, pass a civics test. even if it does not happen it is a good pitch for trump to make politically to his base for the election. we are bound to talk about this again. thank you very much indeed. china is threatening retaliation against the latest american sanctions, which effectively block companies in the us from using products made
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by the chinese tech giant huawei. the white house says the order is to protect national security. in a moment, the perspective from beijing with our correspondent john sudworth and the uk perspective from frank gardner — but first nick bryant from washington. a global battle is underway over 56, the next—generation wireless technology, superfast networks connecting our phones, workplaces, cars — every aspect of our lives. and it is pitting against each other the two countries that will likely shape the rest of this century, america and china. here in washington, the fight has produced that rare thing, bipartisan agreement, on the threat posed to us national security if the chinese technology giant huawei is ever allowed to run american networks. huawei is definitely a bad actor. i think it certainly sends a strong message, and helps shore up the integrity of our infrastructure, by not including them in our networks. from the trump administration has come a double—barreled assault.
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not only is it stopping the company from establishing a foothold in the united states, it is threatening to block american companies from supplying essential components to huawei, such as semiconductors and optical cables. that will make it hard for the company to operate anywhere. coming in the midst of an angry trade war with china, the trump administration's attempts to cripple huawei make this look increasingly like a commercial cold war. so what is the view in beijing? china is rattled. technology is at the heart of what once looked like an unstoppable economic rise, and it is all suddenly under threat. cutting one of its prize companies off from the us supply chain would be a massive blow. translation: we are against other countries' unilateral sanctions that abuse export control measures. we urge the us to
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stop this practice. huawei, which had yet another new product launch in beijing this week, has repeatedly said it would never allow its equipment to be used for spying. it is the us that is undermining trust, it claims. the problem for huawei is that it is much easier to say it is not a pawn of the chinese government than it is to actually prove it. and this latest escalation from america is clearly meant as a signal, notjust to china but to the rest of the world, to take its warnings seriously. here in britain, gchq, one of the national spy agencies, has warned of industrial—level cyber espionage by china. little wonder then that some, like the former defence secretary gavin williamson, have raised concerns about a company allegedly too close to chinese state security.
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today in westminster, a major report came out arguing against using huawei. huawei have made a series of claims this week. they don't spy for china, that they're not at a high risk of doing so, that there's no record of poor behaviour, that they're a private company. and what's new in our report is that we show that these claims are essentially dubious at best and inaccurate at worst. for many, that won't be a problem. huawei is a popular global brand, and it is competitively priced. but can it be trusted? you need to be able to trust, in cyber security, whoever it is that's going to be providing your network and building your kit. huawei right now is an open question. because it's compelled by china's cyber security law to work with chinese cyber security agencies, that is a risk. the view of britain's intelligence community, including mi6 here, is that, yes, there are risks about huawei's technology, but those risks can be
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managed and mitigated. but the problem with mobile phone technology is that it is moving at such a fast pace that a managed risk today could well be a national security threat tomorrow. let's get some of the day's other news. the legislature in the us state of missouri has taken the first steps towards restricting access to abortion. the republican—led senate has passed a bill which would ban nearly all terminations in the state after eight weeks of pregnancy — including in cases of rape or incest. the vote came just hours after the governor of alabama signed into law a near—total ban on abortion. the former us army intelligence analyst chelsea manning, has been ordered back to prison for again refusing to give evidence before a grand jury believed to be investigating the wikilea ks founder, julian assange. a spokesman for her legal team said she had been remanded in custody for contempt of court. she was released from jail last week after serving a two—month sentence for her earlier refusal to testify. britain's prime minister, theresa may, has agreed to discuss a timetable
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for her replacement after the next vote on her brexit plan — which has already been rejected three times. the deal is expected to go before parliament again early next month. mrs may's main conservative rival, boris johnson, has formally announced he'll be seeking to succeed her. taiwan is expected to become the first place in asia to legalise same—sex marriage. the historic declaration was actually made back in may 2017 — with parliament given two years to enact the changes. law—makers will vote on three draft bills — each with a different view of what equality looks like. one is presented by the cabinet and two were put forward by anti—lgbt groups. i'm joined now by the bbc‘s cindy sui, who is in taipei. tell us what is happening. what is likely to happen? i am outside the parliament building and there are hundreds of people from the lgbt community gathered here. parliament
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will decide today on which of these three bills they will approve. 0nly one of the bills, the one proposed by the government, would actually provide the lgbt community, same—sex couples with almost the same rights as hetero couples including the right to inherit asset. 0h, as hetero couples including the right to inherit asset. oh, my god... oh, my god... hello. 70 if you need to get out of the way you can. can you see me? are you 0k? what i was trying to say is that only one of the bills would actually detect lgbt, only one of the bills would actually detect lg bt, same—sex only one of the bills would actually detect lgbt, same—sex couples under the same marriage law as hetero couples. it would ensure they have almost the same rights including the right to inheritance, the right to adopt each other‘s biological children and the right to make medical decisions for each other. the other two bills would restrict
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those rights and what the lgbt community right now is for parliament to adopt the bill that they want, they want to enjoy the same rights as heterosexual couples. they have already accepted compromises because the government ‘s will not allow them to adopt nonbiological children. they don't wa nt nonbiological children. they don't want any more compromises on what they fear is that today, the members of parliament will water down that bill to reach consensus. well done for persevering. i know there are technical problems there and if stood difficult in the pouring rain. we will come back to you when there is the result. —— and it is extra difficult in the pouring rain. on saturday, australians go to the polls — deciding whether they want a fourth prime minister in four years. and it's climate change that has become the defining election issue — with concerns over carbon emissions pitted against the coal industry. 0ur correspondent hywel griffith has been in queensland, where a handful of marginal seats could decide the result. chanting: no more coal, no more oil! keep your carbon in the soil! fired up over fossil fuels.
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for these young voters in brisbane, this election is a chance to demand action. they want whoever wins to cut carbon emissions and bring an end to australia's huge coal industry. all governments everywhere need to stop digging up fossil fuels. you can't have any action on climate change if you are still mining coal, oil and gas, and it's ridiculous that governments will claim they are taking action on climate while simultaneously approving new coal mines. after australia's hottest summer on record, which saw both bushfires and floods hit queensland, concern over the climate has become the front—line election issue. but travel inland and you'll hear the other side of the argument. blackwater sits on the bowen basin, the country's biggest coal reserve. they've been mining here for 50 years, and reckon there is enough left for another 50. half of the people who live here work in coal mining, many others depend on it to keep
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money moving through the town, and what voters decide here will really matter in the election. the government holds this seat byjust i%. coal itself, it's. .. doug is a retired miner who now volunteers at the town's coal museum. his two sons and his son—in—law all work in mines. he is not convinced the politicians are listening to them. they need to get out and have a good look at the countryside. i think there's — they're listening to too many people from the city. a lot of the city folk, i don't think they really realise, at some stage, coal is being used to make their everyday living stuff. in the central highlands, we think big. coal remains one of australia's biggest exports. the governing coalition and the opposition labor party know its economic value, and the environmental concerns, but they can't have it both ways. it's a huge dilemma for the parties to maintain a faith
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with constituencies that are so fragmented. and we have fragmentation notjust along economic lines, jobs versus climate transition, or the environment or whatever, but we actually have generational tensions. we have gender tensions. so the parties are having enormous challenge responding to these different groups. chanting: no more compromising! whoever wins this election will have to bridge those divides, with voters expecting action rather than words. stay with us on bbc news — still to come: environmental benefit or urban menace — germany becomes the latest country to debate the pros and cons of the e—scooter. the pope was shot, the pope will live. that was the essence of the appalling news from rome this afternoon, that, as an italian
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television commentator put it, terrorism has come to the vatican. the man they called the butcher of lyon, klaus barbie, went on trial today in the french town where he was the gestapo chief in the second world war. winnie mandela never looked like a woman just sentenced to six years injail. the judge told mrs mandela there was no indication she felt even the slightest remorse. the chinese government has called for an all—out effort to help the victims of a powerful earthquake, the worst to hit the country for 30 years. the computer deep blue has tonight triumphed over the world chess champion, garry kasparov. it is the first time a machine has defeated a reigning world champion in a classical chess match. america's first legal same—sex marriages have been taking place in massachusetts. god bless america! this is bbc news, the latest headlines: president trump says he wants a radical overhaul
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of the immigration system to favour skilled workers who speak english. us—china relations reach a new low, as washington blocks the tech giant huawei from american markets. the sanctions come into effect immediately. the political leader of the basque separatist group eta has been arrested in the french alps after 17 years on the run. eta waged a violent campaign for basque independence for more than a0 years and killed more than 800 people. it declared a ceasfire in 2011 and disbanded in 2018. ramzan karmali reports. this man, one of the most wanted men in europe, was finally captured in this hospital car. the political leader of eta, the past separatist movement, had been on the run for 17 yea rs. movement, had been on the run for 17 years. translation: alli movement, had been on the run for 17 years. translation: m“ can say is he was arrested in the hospital
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parking lot because he needed to go to the hospital for treatment. parking lot because he needed to go to the hospitalfor treatment. he's seriously sick and i think he'd been followed for a long time by the police intelligence agency and the french spanish cooperation has gained ground over time. the 69—year—old was arrested on a warrant from a paris court sentenced him in absentia in 2017 to eight yea rs him in absentia in 2017 to eight years in prison for being a member ofa years in prison for being a member of a terrorist group. but also wa nted of a terrorist group. but also wanted in spain, an international warrant for his arrest was issued over the 1987 bombing of a civil guard barracks in the city of za ragoza guard barracks in the city of zaragoza that killed 11 people, including five children. translation: the european orders of arrest will be solved so they can hand josu ternera over to bejudged for the facts, without any damage to the penal responsibilities that he faces also in france. eta's long, violent history may be over but it claimed over 800 lives over half a
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century. so it will come as no surprised that spain will be seeking to charge ternera for crimes against humanity. the luxury canglomerate kering, motherlabel of gucci, alexander mcqueen and other brands, introduced an age limit. models younger than 18 will no longer be hired for adult fashion. this will come into effect from 2020. in the last years, mental health and the treatment of models was increasingly tackled within the industry, especially after the death of a 14—year—old russian model, which reportedly lacked health insurance. i know you see to improve work ethics for models within the industry... is this just you or is ita industry... is this just you or is it a movement in the industry as a whole? i think it's a menace going on. a lot has happened since the #metoo movement and ifeel like today models are likely more to
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speak up and we have come together as models, a community, to share our stories and we are showing there is a lot of changes that need to happen. this is amazing what kering did with this new law. unless the big players do it, of course, nothing really happens? exactly. we have to have the players show the direction we need to head into and i truly hope other brands will follow. i think what's happening right now, i've been trying to purchase an agency too, is to show there a person behind the face and that person behind the face and that person needs to be taken care of and the model can go out and portray healthy values to the people looking up healthy values to the people looking up to herand healthy values to the people looking up to her and following her. does 18 really make a difference, that particular figure, really make a difference, that particularfigure, because there's obviously people who are very mature at 16 obviously people who are very mature at16 and obviously people who are very mature at 16 and others who aren't mentally mature at 18? it's always very hard
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to draw an age limit. i think 18 is kind of like where most people agree where you enter adulthood, and you become responsible for your actions. also i think it allows you to go through school and to get that ground of education. it's easy to think as a model that a modelling opportunity comes to you just once and you need tojump in, it's a very unpredictable carrier and it can really make it hard down the line if you don't go through school. also it comes with spiritual and mental development that you can't get u nless development that you can't get unless you have grown up and can enter this world of modelling, which can be very isolating and heartbreaking in many ways unless you have developed that sense of self—0 and understanding of the industry —— self—0 stopper you have seen it behind—the—scenes, what are the pressures that worry you for young and vulnerable people?
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there's a lot of violation going on behind closed doors. it's been a mind game of power. models have felt pressured into going into situations where they're not comfortable, being sexually harassed or being compared to other peers and not feeling like they can speak up about it. show up, be quiet, don't share your opinions andi be quiet, don't share your opinions and i think that really needs to change. our connection is breaking up change. our connection is breaking up slightly, we will leave it there for now but thank you very much fought talking to us. thank you so much. they've become an ever more common sight in many cities across the globe, e—scooters. they're meant to help with congestion and be kinder to the environment. 0ne country that's resisted them is germany, but on friday, the upper house of parliament may vote to let e—scooters on to the country's roads. the bbc‘s tim allman has more. don't fancy riding a bike? well, how about trying one of these? electric,
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01’ about trying one of these? electric, or e—scooters, are all the rage these days. little things that can weave in and out of traffic or pedestrians for that matter. they're being sold as a flexible and environmentally friendly alternative. so we're spending 101596 of ourtimea alternative. so we're spending 101596 of our time a car, and for me, this is no goal. we need to find ways to find ways to reduce c02, to reduce pollution, to reduce contamination and also to enjoy our cities. but they do have their critics. this is paris, where some complain e—scooters have been left abandoned in the street. 0thers point out inexperienced riders have helped cause accidents. but the companies that make them say they're offering potential solutions. so the first thing is this brings order to the chaos stopper you see a lot of deployments with scooters, you notice they get scattered scattered around and they can often times the around and they can often times the a negative view to the community. what this does is it gives it a
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place to actually park but then it charges, these things all have to charge. it's expected that they will get the green light stopping another country where increasingly it's a case of four wheels bad, two wheels good. tim allman, bbc news. the gang planted malware programmes on computers which then stole financial data from businesses, law firms and charities. ten people have been charged and police say five russian suspects are still at large. an attorney in the us involved in the case say the gang is extremely well organised. we have found that it's a highly structured, organised and specialised crime network and each offending represented had a specialised role to play and brought a unique skill set to the conspiracy —— offender. the architect behind some of the world's most famous buildings, including the glass pyramid outside
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the louvre in paris, has died aged 102. tributes are pouring in for chinese born i m pei, who is being remembered for his forward—thinking and unique designs. he carried on working well into old age, creating one of his most famous masterpieces, the museum of islamic art in doha, in his 80s. the last 10 acts have been selected for the eurovision song contest final, with switzerland, albania and malta in the mix of qualifiers. excitement was running high for the last of the semi—finals, with 18 acts in total. the winners in this round go up against another 10 countries, including germany, france and host nation israel. and to add to the party fever, madonna has confirmed a performance for the tel aviv event, ending weeks of speculation over whether she'd make an appearance. much more on all the news anytime for on the bbc website. you can reach me and most of the team on twitter. thank you very much for watching.
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hello. after what has been a largely dry and pretty one week for many of us, things are about to change as we head through friday and into the weekend, turning a little bit more unsettled. but this is how we ended the day on thursday, a beautiful, serene sunset there in topsham in devon. during the day on friday, there's going to be more cloud across the country, and that cloud will bring with it a few spots of showery rain. we've still got some spells of sunshine on offer, but as we head through the day on friday, what we're going to see is this week frontal system moving its way in on this easterly breeze, so that will bring some cloud and outbreaks of rain too. now, during friday morning, the areas most likely to see the rain are across central and southern england, through wales as well. further north, perhaps the odd shower across parts of scotland but there will be plenty of sunshine once again in the bulk of scotland.
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more cloud working in across eastern parts of england during the day on that easterly breeze with one or two spots of rain. i think northern ireland should stay mostly dry, with a bit of sunshine. temperatures still 17 to 19 across northern ireland and scotland, but england and wales, you're more typically 13 to 16, so cooler than it has been. so as we move through friday evening and overnight into saturday, we'll see more persistent, heavier rain working in from the east, particularly affecting scotland and northern england too. so quite a murky start to saturday here with that drizzly rain and low cloud too. further south, we're going to see some brightness to start off your weekend. but in general, the weekend is looking slightly cloudier and cooler than we've seen through this week. there will be some showers but it won't be a washout, a bit of sunshine on offer through the weekend too. so let's look at some detail then for saturday. what have we got? we've got low pressure sitting across central parts of europe, the winds rotating around that area of low pressure bringing us quite a bit of cloud off the north sea and some outbreaks of rain. the rain affecting quite a bit of of northern england and scotland through saturday morning.
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a few of those showers will push into northern ireland through the day. i think the southern half of england and much of wales should see some sunny spells through the morning, but a chance of showers breaking out almost anywhere during the afternoon. now, temperatures around about 1a to 18 degrees — cooler than it has been — but there should be some brighter spells in the south. it will still feel quite pleasant. moving on into the second half of the weekend, and there's not much change in the pressure set—up so not much change in the weather. sunday, another fairly cloudy day, particularly in the north. there could be some sunshine in southern and eastern england in particular, but again, there'll be some showers. they'll be heaviest and most frequent in scotland, where we could have the odd rumble of thunder. a few showers further south too, but warming up a touch compared to saturday, so highs of around 13 to 19 degrees. bye for now.
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this is bbc news — the headlines:
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president trump has outlined plans to toughen border security and refocus the us immigration system. he said younger, better educated, english—speaking workers who already have job offers in the united states should make up more than half of all legal immigrants — up from twelve percent at present. china is threatening retaliation against the latest american sanctions — which effectively block companies in the united states from using products made by the chinese tech giant huawei. the white house says the order is to protect national security. taiwan's expected to become the first place in asia to legalise same—sex marriage. the declaration was actually made in may 2017 — with parliament given two years to enact the changes. law—makers will vote on three draft bills — each with a different view of what equality looks like.

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