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tv   BBC News  BBC News  May 23, 2019 3:00am-3:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: calls for the british prime minister to resign as the leader of the house of commons quits, saying she no longer believes the government's approach will deliver brexit. president trump walks out of a meeting with democratic leaders in the us congress. he says he can't work with them until they stop investigating him. instead of walking in happily into a meeting, i walk in to look at people who have just said that i was doing a cover—up. i don't do cover—ups. after weeks of voting, the counting begins shortly. is india's prime minister
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on course for a second term? and a groundbreaking exhibition in washington highlights how the vietnam war changed american art for ever. hello. a senior member of the british cabinet, the leader of the house of commons, has resigned from theresa may's government in protest at her approach to brexit. 36 ministers have now resigned in mrs may's time in power, and pressure has been building on her, in the past 2a hours. there's also more criticism of her plans for another parliamentary vote on her brexit deal. our political editor, laura kuenssberg, tells the story of a very fraught day in a very drawn—out saga. notjust this morning but for many mornings, andrea leadsom's had doubts in her mind about the prime minister's version of brexit. well, i'm looking very carefully at the legislation today,
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as leader of the commons, that's myjob, and making sure that it delivers brexit. thanks very much. for this eurosceptic, a less cheery goodbye from government tonight. in her letter to number 10, ms leadsom wrote: and criticising colleagues who'd been on the other side of the debate, she said there'd been "a complete breakdown of collective responsibility." it was already a painful day for theresa may, speeding in the side of the commons. protester: stop brexit! speaker: prime minister... eurosceptic ministers were absent from their normal places supporting her at prime minister's questions. then watch, that's andrea leadsom walking in more than half an hour late, having been with other brexiteers who have fears about theresa may's version of brexit. then at lunchtime, theresa may had to try, probably in vain,
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to explain her new brexit compromise that mps already tried to strangle. we can bring an end to the months, years, of increasingly bitter argument and division that have both polarised and paralysed our politics. we can move on, move forwards and get on with the jobs we were sent here to do, what we got into politics to do. that is what we can achieve if we support this new deal. it's now clear, the bold new deal the prime minister promised is little more than a repackaged version of her three—times rejected deal. the rhetoric may have changed but the deal has not. this government is too weak, too divided, to get this country out of the mess that they have created. in proposing this folderol, is she going through the motions or does she really believe in it? this deal is dead, stop the charade, and let's get on with putting the decision back to
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the people once and for all. the country decided to leave — l-e-a-v-e - the eu. it's as simple as that. the british people voted to leave... i have been trying to leave the european union... i am looking forward to voting a fourth time to leave the european union in the withdrawal agreement bill. this backing probably in vain. the whole house needs to stop saying no to everything on the table just because it's not our favourite dish. with her plans shredded, theresa may's authority is sinking too, if not sunk. a routine meeting at the palace for the prime minister tonight. very soon, she'll sweep through those gates for the last time and be gone for good. let's get some of the day's other news. riot police in the indonesian capital
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jakarta are using tear gas and flares to subdue protesters disputing the outcome of the presidential election. demonstrators threw stones and fireworks at lines of police. presidentjoko widodo threatened firm action after similar protests on tuesday, in which six people are reported to have been killed. scientists believe they have pinpointed the main sources of a mysterious increase in a chemical that destroys ozone in the atmosphere. cfc—ii was supposed to have been phased out by 2010. the increase has been traced to insulation foam being made in eastern china. the lawyer michael avenatti has been charged with defrauding stormy daniels, the porn star he represented in a lawsuit against president trump. prosecutors say mr avenatti took the money she was supposed to get from a book deal. he denies the allegations. more tension between president trump and his democratic opponents in congress. as they accused the president of a cover up over the russia investigation, he responded by walking out of a meeting with them, saying he's unwilling to work with them unless they stop
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investigating him and lift the threat of impeachment. he demanded an end to what he called phony investigations. nick bryant sent this report. this wild day in washington began with a meeting of democrats on capitol hill amidst increasing calls for an impeachment inquiry into donald trump. the democratic house speaker, nancy pelosi, opposes that, thinking it would backfire politically, but she did level this explosive charge against the president. no—one is above the law, including the president of the united states. and we believe that the president of the united states is engaged in a cover—up. in a cover—up. the next scene played out at the white house, where a planned meeting about infrastructure projects between nancy pelosi and the president lasted less than five minutes. donald trump was apparently seething, and soon after stepped into the rose garden — not to mend fences but to mount a barbed attack. things are going well, and i said, "let's have the meeting on infrastructure, we'll
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get that done easily, that's one of the easy ones." and instead of walking in happily into a meeting, i walk in to look at people that had just said that i was doing a cover—up. i don't do cover—ups. you people know that probably better than anybody. in this "he said, she said", the action switched back to capitol hill. nancy pelosi tried to be the grown—up in the room, in appealing to a power even higher than the president. i pray for the president of the united states and i pray for the united states of america. the mueller report didn't establish any conspiracy between the trump campaign and the kremlin. but nor did it exonerate the president on the question of obstruction ofjustice. so this bitter row goes on, and it will do all the way to next year's presidential election. one thing there's broad agreement on is the urgent need to repair america's decrepit infrastructure. but in the nation's capital,
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the ongoing fallout from the mueller investigation is causing governmental paralysis. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. counting begins very shortly in the world's largest democractic excercise, as india's prime minister narendra modi tries to see off challenges to his premiership and maintain a majority. the election process began over a month ago, and as it enters its final stretch, a lot of attention is now focused on one indian state — uttar pradesh. 0ur correspondent yogita limaye is in varanassi finding out why. this is one of the most important cities for hindus, these banks of the river ganges are considered amongst the most sacred in the region. but varanassi also has a important place in indian politics.
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it's the constituency that prime minister narendra modi stands for, and this time too, he is contesting. the state it's in — uttar pradesh — is perhaps the most important in an indian election because it sends the most number of mps to parliament. now, it's been a noisy campaign, mr modi projecting himself as the strong man who can protect his country and and as the leader who's put india's economy on the fast track and a respected global ambassador for his nation modi, but his time in power has seen acute rural distress and for many sections of society, the better days he promised haven't arrived. still, he enjoys strong support. he has mass appeal that no other indian politician is able to match. one of his main rivals is rahul gandhi of the congress party. he comes from india's foremost political dynasty, but his party suffered a humiliating defeat in 2014. he's standing from a town about 150 kilometres from varanasi, a family bastion called amethi. he's promising for indians a minimum income and has been accusing mr modi of playing divisive politics.
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indeed, many see this as a battle for india's secular identity. one of the candidates fielded by the bjp is a woman accused of plotting bombings, targeted at the muslim community. in varanasi, the expectation is that mr modi will win his seat here comfortably, and according to polls conducted by most indian news organisations, he's also expected to be back as the prime minister of the country. but in an election, regional parties play a key role. and that's very true of uttar pradesh as well, so people will be watching this state very closely. as they say in indian politics, "the road to delhi passes through uttar pradesh." there have been numerous exit polls over the last few days since voting ended. all but one suggest that narendra modi and his bjp—led coaltion will retain power. exit polls have been wrong before and the range of results is very wide, but we've taken an average of seven of the exit polls. this suggests the bjp party
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and its allies would take around 290 seats in the lower house of parliament, they only need 272 seats to claim a majority. and the inc, or congress party, and their allies are predicted to pick up in the region of 128 seats, with the rest of the parties that we've grouped together as, others have around 125 seats. live to delhi now. 0ur correspondent sangita myska is outside the lok sabha, or parliament. first sabha, or parliament. of all the polls have been wrong first of all the polls have been wrong before and in this case they seem to be pointing at least in the same direction? very much so, mike. every exit poll around the world at every election will always come with a set of caveats. for example, with this said the bbc hasn't been able to verify the methodology, we don't know the sample sizes and we don't know the sample sizes and we don't know the sample sizes and we don't know the analysis to work out how
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many seats each party would get but having said that, if you look at the suite of all the exit polls published on sunday, all of them bar one say mr modi and the bjp will be re—elected by the end of today when that count as finished. why is that significant? for two reasons really. number one, the bjp framed this election as a mandate... a personal mandate for mr modi, there was very little talk of policy and it was all about him, the incumbent. secondly, if you remember back to 2014, mr modi was the first politician in 30 yea rs modi was the first politician in 30 years to be able to win an absolute majority for his party. if he repeats that today, that will make modern political history. repeats that today, that will make modern political historym repeats that today, that will make modern political history. if he has retained his majority, what are his priority is likely to be, assuming this time he can deliver all of them? so, this is a very good question,
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why? because during this campaign there's been very little talk of policy, of the massive issues facing india, and they exist, believe me, mike! a leakedjob india, and they exist, believe me, mike! a leaked job report at the end of last year said unemployment is at a45 of last year said unemployment is at a 45 year high and there is this ongoing trade war between china and america. 0verall, india has a trade deficit but when it comes to the us it has a surplus, what impact will that have? yogi turtle talk to about farmer distress and there. there was a big loan system that was meant to be introduced for farmers a big loan system that was meant to be introduced forfarmers but a big loan system that was meant to be introduced for farmers but that has introduced problems on the ground. how is any party elect to govern this country going to deal with these issues? who knows. why? the election campaign has been bitter and divisive in tone and it has been dominated by personal mudslinging between the big beasts of indian politics, the party leaders, rahul gandhi, narendra
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modi. the things you want to look out for in the coming days, election counting... the votes are being started to be counted in 15 minutes, you want to look at and whether states like interpretation. why? 0ften states like interpretation. why? often they say what happens in interpretation, whoever takes that state, that will be a direct road to delhi and after that when we know who the government is going to be where mightjust get an idea of how they're going to tackle india pass problems. briefly, it's a big question, if it's the hindu nationalist bjp leading the coalition again, there will be quite a few nervous muslims? yeah, of course. the bjp has done is reinvent the concept of nationalism in india. nationalism was always traditionally linked to the independence movement 70 odd years ago. what the bjp have done is say, look, this is the party, there's is the party that
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puts india first and that of course is very similar to donald trump in the us and if you're a patriot and you will vote bjp. the criticism of thatis you will vote bjp. the criticism of that is that here in delhi was written the indian constitution. that says india is a country built on socialist principles, it is a secular society where each citizen regardless of creed or colour will be treated equally. we've seen an upsurge in the number of attacks on muslims and those at the bottom of the hindu caste system. what critics of mrmodi the hindu caste system. what critics of mr modi will tell you is that he has remained silent as all of this has remained silent as all of this has gone on, and the signal that that has given people who are hindu nationalist you think india should bea hindu nationalist you think india should be a hindu country is that it's ok to treat people in this country differently. -- who think. sangeeta, thank you so much. for more coverage head to our website, you'll find a guide to the key issues and
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the main candidates. that's all at bbc.com/news, or download the bbc news app. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: a security conscious queen elizabeth and her unexpected reaction to self—service check—outs. this morning, an indian air force plane carrying mr gandhi's body landed in delhi. the president of india walked to the plane to solemnly witness mr gandhi's final return from the political battlefield. ireland has voted overwhelmingly in favour of gay marriage. in doing so, it's become the first country in the world to approve the change in a national referendum. it was a remarkable climax to what was surely the most extraordinary funeral ever given to a pop singer. it's been a peaceful funeral demonstration so far, but suddenly the police are tear—gassing the crowd. we don't yet know why.
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the pre—launch ritual is well established here. helen was said to be in good spirits, butjust a little apprehensive. in the last hour, east timor has become the world's newest nation. it was a bloody birth for a poor country, and the challenges ahead are daunting. but for now, at least, it is time to celebrate. this is bbc news, the latest headlines: calls for the uk prime minister to resign as the commons leader quits the cabinet, saying she no longer believes the government's approach will deliver brexit. president trump walks out of a meeting with democratic leaders in the us congress. he says he can't work with them until they stop investigating him. chris buckler has also been following this story from washington. he explained why the president might
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feel a little rattled at the moment. when you take a look this extraordinary meeting, there was plenty to debate in it. this was about a huge infrastructure programme and really none of that was discussed at all. instead, we had an outburst from the president that lasted mere minutes and after that he left the building completely, walked out of the cabinet room and left the democrats standing there with some of the administration looking just confused about what had happened. and it does give you that sense, mike, that he is concerned about the constant questions, the congressional investigations that are ongoing at the moment, that the democrats have really pushed ever since they took the house of representatives after the midterm elections. and if there's any doubt about that, donald trump made clear it was the case when he went to the white house rose garden and made that speech with that sign just below the presidential seal that talks specifically about the mueller report,
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saying no obstruction, no collusion and just detailing how long and how expensive the mueller investigation had been. he now thinks that should all be over. the mueller report has concluded its investigation. he wants all investigations to be over, but democrats are still all of this determined to push it. but there's questions for nancy pelosi and the democratic leadership too, because the speaker of the house knows she has many in her party that are pushing them to go to impeachment, to try to bring impeachment proceedings against donald trump and she is reluctant to do that at this stage. now, it certainly seems that her belief that congress can investigate, despite president donald trump trying to stop people from testifying, despite him trying to stop them getting access to records, there are signs that there are some successes for congress in all of this. for example, this week, we've had two court cases in which president donald trump has been fighting to stop financial records being given to congress stopping in the latest of them, deutsche bank and capital one have been told they have to handover
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information about the trump 0rganization. i think if anything that's only going to put the president in a worse mood and it does give you a sense that relationships are not going to be good in washington for the months coming ahead. panasonic is the latest company to stop supplying components to huawei following restrictions over the tech company. washington recently added huawei to its entity list, curbing its ability to do business in the us and has escalated existing trade tension. huawei says it is under pressure due to politically motivated decisions. the vietnam war was a tumultuous time, within vietnam of course, but also a time of great division at home. these crosscurrents affected american art, among much else, and for the first time, a groundbreaking exhibit explores how artists responded to those turbulent years.
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jane 0'brien went to see it in washington. to many americans, vietnam still means one thing — war. and to fully appreciate its emotional and psychological impact in america, you probably had to be there. chanting: hey, hey, lbj! how many kids have you killed today? well, the artists in this exhibition were. it shows artists grappling in real time with the events that were still unfolding and really showing a change in art practice towards the more socially and politically engaged. and what we see is a huge explosion of different artistic approaches. this was the first us conflict to be televised and artists reflected that immediacy. much of the work here is visceral, uncensored. fact and information became the material for art, blurring the lines between real life and artistic expression.
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so this is mudman... the artist kim jones served in the marines. back in the states, he turned his experience into a performance, at a time when performance art was in its infancy. it meant going out into public spaces. and he wore this? yes. he was covered in mud and i think many veterans remember the red mud of vietnam. to me, mudman speaks to the challenges of bringing together wartime experiences and civilian life. today, art as activism is nothing new. in the 1960s, it was shocking. authority was being challenged across society, and artists were no different, pushing the boundaries and asking questions about the war, its moral footing and human cost. researchers in israel have unveiled what they've described as a "breakthrough" beer. it was made from ancient yeast that had survived in pottery excavated
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from the holy land. archeologists say the project gives us an important insight into how food and drink might have tasted in the past. caroline rigby reports. they say good things come to those who wait. so how about 5000 years? that's how long it took to make this brew. this is the first time when we actually used ancient material to create ancient beer. archaeologist extracted six strains of yeast from 21 beer and wine vessels discovered during excavations in the holy land. and with the help of a craft brewer they then created a drink similar to wheat beer with an alcohol content of 6% as well as a 14% mead. the researchers believe the pharaohs of ancient egypt would have enjoyed similar—tasting drinks and even the wider population, when fermented products were seen as a basic commodity — far less risky than water which was often contaminated. this is thought to be the first time that alcohol has been created from ancient yeast found
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in pottery from the past. but the question on everyone's mind, what does it taste like? it was good. very good. it tasted great. i drink a lot of beer so i can judge. the scientists say their work helps us better understand the flavours of the ancient world. the added bonus is that they get to toast their discovery with a well—earned beer. queen elizabeth has been introduced to self—service supermarket shopping. she was visiting a pop—up exhibition to mark the 150th anniversary of sainsbury‘s. as she was shown how to use the checkout, she asked if customers could ‘cheat‘ the system. 0ur royal correspondent, sarah campbell reports. so this is the shop from the past... not a regular supermarket shopper. the queen was taken on a tour today of sainsbury‘s through the decades. actors and fake food helped to tell the story from its humble
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beginnings, selling just utter, milk and eggs. and this is a ration book... in conversation with lord and lady sainsbury, reflecting on wartime deprivations especially a lack of sugar. and few things have changed more than the way shoppers pay. the queen was given a quick tutorial on how to use a self—service till. her concern — could unscrupulous shoppers leave without paying? her majesty was assured there are systems in place to prevent this. and so ended a glimpse into everyday life for a monarch who, in her 93 years, has only twice before publicly visited a supermarket.
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and you can get in touch with me and most of the team on twitter — i'm @bbcmikeembley. hello there. the next couple of days are looking fairly dry for most of us, with some warm spells of sunshine, but things are turning more unsettled and gradually cooler as we move through the bank holiday weekend. today, though, was a largely dry one, with some warm spells of sunshine around, particularly across england and wales, and these are the sorts of temperatures we're beginning the day on. now, we've got more cloud and rain across the north—east of scotland. that's because of this area low pressure pushing towards scandinavia. and this front will bring thicker cloud towards the south—west of the country, perhaps bringing the odd spot of rain to the far south—west of england later on. thicker cloud for western parts of wales and for northern ireland. but much of the country having a nice day again. a little bit of fair weather cloud,
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plenty of sunshine around and highs of 23 degrees in the south—east. cooler, wetter and breezy for the north—east of scotland. temperatures here at best around the mid—teens celsius. as we head on into friday, this area of low pressure begins to thin and pull away, so conditions gradually improve here. and we have this feature running into northern ireland first thing on friday. thick cloud, a few showers and that will move across the irish sea into parts of england and wales to bring thicker cloud and a few showers into the afternoon, maybe the odd heavy one mixed in. slightly better day for the north—east of scotland. not quite as breezy in scotland and not quite as much rain. again in central and southern england we should see the low 20s celsius. now, on into the first part of the weekend, the bank holiday weekend, we've got this feature slowly edging into the north—west of the country, but for most of us, we're in between weather systems. it's going to be another largely dry day. bit of light winds. variable cloud building up into the afternoon. the best of the sunshine again across the south—east, but then later, thicker cloud for northern ireland and western scotland, with rain arriving here.
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again, another warm one in the sunshine further south, 21 celsius or so, but generally the mid to upper teens celsius further north. then this feature really gets its act together and pushes in across our shores during sunday, so a very different—feeling day for many of us, although east anglia and the south—east will escape, stay dry, with sunny spells throughout the day, although cloud will build. but further north, a few heavy bursts of rain in there, breezier too, persistent rain for western scotland and a little cooler here. but again, the high teens and low 20s in the south—east. so the bank holiday weekend is looking mixed. we're starting with quite a bit of dry and sunny weather, but then it turns wetter from sunday onwards, and gradually turns cooler as that front moves through. certainly on bank holiday monday that will be noticeable. you can see next week it looks very cooler and more unsettled, with rain or showers at times, but also a bit of sunshine.
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this is bbc news. the headlines: a senior member of theresa may's cabinet, the leader of the house of commons, andrea leadsom has resigned from the british government. she said she could no longer support the government's approach to brexit. several cabinet ministers have told the bbc the prime minister can't stay in office. tensions between president trump and democrats have intensified after they accused the president of a cover—up over the russia investigation. the president responded by walking out of a meeting with democratic leaders, announcing that he's unwilling work with them unless they stop investigating him and lift the threat of impeachment. vote counting is just getting underway in the world's largest democractic excercise, as indian prime minister narendra modi tries to see off challenges to his premiership and maintain a majority. exit polls have predicted a win for mr modi, but analysts warn they have often been wrong in the past.

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