the us congress is deadlocked about how to ease the migrant crisis on the border with mexico. the republican—controlled senate approved an emergency spending package but voted down a similar bill passed by the democrat—led house which would have placed more restrictions on how the funds are spent. the first of two debates between contenders for the us democratic party presidential nomination is underway. ten candidates are taking part — among them the us senator elizabeth warren. a further ten candidates will debate tomorrow evening. president trump has declared the event boring, but says he'll watch it nonetheless. italy's interior minister has said he won't allow 42 migrants aboard a rescue ship to disembark, after it defied the authorities by entering italian territorial waters.
now it's time for click. this week, we have a ringside seat for a tussle in toronto. tablets versus teachers in malawi, and it's a tech tko down the gym. we all love a smart city. so around 18 months ago, when we heard that google offshoot sidewalk labs was to take over an area of toronto to build, from scratch, an entirely tech—first neighbourhood, well, we hightailed it over there to find out more —
and excitement was in the air. the streets will come alive with the vitality that we expect from the greatest urban environments, in a way that has never actually been seen before. ever since, it's fair to say that things have not gone entirely to plan. marc cieslak has been back to toronto to get the latest on the project. toronto, canada's largest city. its waterfront is undergoing redevelopment. sidewalk labs, a subsidiary of alphabet, the sister company to tech giant google, has partnered with waterfront toronto, an agency set up by local government to manage the whole redevelopment. sidewalk originally had plans to build a so—called "smart city", on a 12 acre site in the rebuilt area. 307 is sidewalk‘s test facility where ideas for this new development are prototyped. so what you're looking at right
here is a prototype for a new paving system for our streets. this one is actually a permeable paper, here the water goes into the paver down into the ground itself. up here you see a solar panel, testing the integration of lights into the pavers themselves. jesse schapins is the director of urban design at sidewalk labs, he's showing off some of the tech that it's testing before the company begins construction on the quayside project. this one is testing a heating system embedded in the pavers, and we then heat the paverjust enough so there is no ice that forms. something we call the building raincoat, so for example it's a sunny day, it can adapt and provide more shade. if there is rain it can adapt to those conditions. sidewalk‘s plans include robotic refuse collection and self driving taxis, all assisted by a host of different sensors embedded in the neighbourhood. the whole endeavour will be driven by data — data about the weather, about the number of pedestrians
and vehicles, and it's this use of data that's creating rising concerns in locals. there are just a couple of problems with this sci—fi sounding project. number one, it's way behind schedule, which isn't unusual for redevelopment efforts. but number two, in a climate where the public is increasingly distrustful of big tech companies, do the people of toronto now even want this plan to go ahead? block sidewalk is a local campaign group that opposes sidewalk‘s plans. they are doing all this planning, bamboozling people with stories about nice paving stones and... but the fundamental issues, is this for our benefit or alphabet‘s shareholders‘ benefit, never get answered, and i think i smell quite a large rat there. trying to build a neighbourhood at the heart of toronto on the waterfront, that is filled with sensors and technology that will be able to collect our data, our every move, is something that is very concerning to a lot of people. how our children be consenting to sharing their data, their behavioural data?
these are all kind of questions that i think a lot of people have in mind. questions like these have increased tensions, and scrutiny of the whole project has intensified after several members of its advisory board resigned over privacy concerns. the project is also now facing a challenge in the courts. the canadian civil liberties association is suing three different levels of government as well as waterfront toronto over plans for the tech—driven development. michael, what is it that sidewalk is proposing that the ccla is unhappy with, or opposes? what we are unhappy with is that a private company is self—regulating in an area that involves people's constitutional rights, their privacy and their dignity. what the government in canada and ontario and toronto has done, has said sidewalk labs, you figure out how to act in the public interest.
you self—regulate the way in which you are going to be collecting and storing data. and we, those of us who live in toronto, or walk anywhere near or through this part of the waterfront, we are the lab rats. and number one, we never signed up for this, number two, there's no jurisdiction for waterfront toronto to do this, and number three, there is no protection whatsoever by law, of the data that is being collected and manipulated and stored and used in whatever form it's going to be used. privacy and data, there are some huge concerns around privacy and especially data about what happens to it, who is going to manage it. governance, who has oversight of that data? what i would say is that this project is fundamentally about protecting everyone‘s privacy, it's built on the established laws we already have in canada. so it's not us actually
that is planning to manage or make money off the data in this neighbourhood, is actually proposed that it's an independent non—profit public sector entity, we have called an urban data trust, that will take responsibility for managing and using the collection of data in this place. sidewalk labs has just submitted its thousand—page long master plan document, that outlines what has in store for the quayside project in more detail. waterfront toronto will need to closely examine the paperwork, and it says it will open it up for public discussion. i think you have a perfect storm — timing, players, actors and a pressure point on projects that could be a lighthouse of how you solve these issues if we get it right. if we get it wrong, then that would not be good. as more people become aware of the kind of data that is captured by big tech outfits, and how it's used, concerns around privacy mean decisions made in toronto could end up having ramifications for future smart city projects around the world.
that was marc. big tech companies offering services forfree in return for data. it's a familiar theme from toronto to timbuktu. originating in silicon valley, for some, this type of business transaction has come to define the age we live in, and its consequences, good and bad, are onlyjust beginning to shake down. jen copestake has been looking at some of the most influential thinking in what is being described as "surveillance capitalism". we freely give out our personal data every day through the apps on our phones, conversations with smart home assistants or other so—called smart devices like toothbrushes and vacuums. it seems like an inevitable and perhaps even cheap price to pay for living in a digitally connected world, giving us access to free services, like google‘s search
and maps, and social media sites like facebook. but the data we are giving away for free about our everyday lives is very valuable, and its exploitation is the basis of a new economic paradigm which author shoshana zuboff calls "surveillance capitalism." she presented her book in cambridge, also known as the uk's silicon valley. what surveillance capitalism does, is it claims private human experience, private human experience is unilaterally claimed to be brought into the marketplace, where it's translated into behavioural data. this behavioural data is combined with machine learning and artificial intelligence to create predictions of what people are going to do with their day, and what they might buy. professor zuboff detail how this
capability to make money from behavioural data was first discovered by google when the company was struggling in the wake of the dot com crash at the turn of the millennium. to boost ad revenue, google mined its own exclusive data logs for the digital exhaust of people's online search behaviour. google worked out that this extraneous data was valuable, and with the ability to process large amounts of data came the ability to discern trends in people's behaviour. this led to the development of highly tailored online advertising. everyone is familiar with this. you go online and you search for tennis shoes, and then the next day you have ads for tennis shoes all over your pages. those advertisers are buying google‘s predictions about what we're going to do in the future. professor zuboff says these predictions have opened up a world where companies are even able to experiment with modifying human behaviour without our knowledge. in 2016 google‘s spinoff niantic created the wildly successful
augmented reality game pokemon go, where people would run around collecting different kinds of pokemon. while it seemed on the surface to be cute and benign, professor zu boff says it was designed as an experiment to see how people could be herded towards commercial targets and collect data from its users. pokemon go figured out how to direct us, alwaysw out of our awareness, exactly to those places where pokemon go would get paid for our footfall. so it was an experimental laboratory on a giant scale, for the kind of surveillance capitalism that learns to intervene in our behaviour, to direct it to the places that make the most money for surveillance capitalists and their customers. the most predictive behaviour comes from actually intervening in people's behaviour — intervening in your real life, intervening in the state of play.
and subtly always designed to be outside of your awareness. subtly shaping your experience. professor zuboff is asking us to consider the subtle implications of surveillance capitalism on our lives, comparing it with the impact of industrial capitalism. industrial capitalism may have left a mark on our natural environment, but perhaps we need to consider how, left unchecked, surveillance capitalism could impact on oui’ human nature. hello and welcome to the week in tech. it was the week that facebook announced its new cryptocurrency called libra. this will allow smartphone payments across the world, and will be governed by companies including mastercard, visa, uber and spotify. some lawmakers have already raised concerns. google released a new tool to let youtubers virtually test
out different looks. the feature called ar beauty try—on — snappy — follows l'oreal‘s recent ar partnership with amazon. and huawei founder ren zhengfei said international sales of its handsets had sunk 40% in the last month. the firm plans to slash production by $30 billion as fallout from its us blacklist continues. samsung has advised customers to scan for viruses every few weeks to prevent malicious software attacks. it has shared and now deleted an extensive how—to video which might have put some off owning a smart tv at all. the first tesla pickup in the world, called the truckla, isn't made by elon musk. us engineer and youtuber simone giertz modified a tesla model 3, even adding extra tech so she could weld on the road. don't worry, giertz unplugged the car's 12 volt battery before surgery so the car felt nothing. finally mit scientists are teaching
a robot how to feel an objectjust by looking at it. researchers say this will help the robot grip better when lifting things, like the handle of a mug. these days, fitness gadgets are about so much more than just tracking our activity. yes, of course, they want to make us exercise more, but they also aim to help us get injured less — and sometimes, even have a spot of fun too. some of the latest gadgets certainly don't pull any punches. a set of connected boxing gloves. now, the sensors are embedded here in the wraps, there is one in each hand so they can track how many punches you make, and also the force of those punches. it's eight rounds. so take a deep breath in. fightcamp hopes to get you fighting fit by running you through a variety
of workouts in the app. the accelerometer—based sensors track your moves in realtime, recognising the differences between the warmup exercises and when you are pulling a punch. probably a good job this was a i—way match, as my lack of skill was pointed out by a professional boxer who happened to be to hand. ok, this is how you do it. although the wraps are the pivotal part of the kit, there are options for an entire set up with punch bag too. how good at teaching boxing do you think this is for someone who's never boxed before and is just trying to exercise? you start off by kind of doing it at the lower level, because obviously it has levels, so start off at the lower level until that becomes comfortable, like anything else. it's going to take time and dedication, but it's easily accessible to learn, as long as you take the time.
or maybe you prefer a simpler spot of weightlifting. this is a connected kettle bell, and it has six different weights built into one device. you can change them byjust pressing a button. jaxjox uses a rotated weight stacking system. it locks in the number of plates needed to create your chosen weight, ranging from 5.5 to 19 kg. one charge of the device will last you up to 14 days. it syncs to a mobile phone app where you can keep track of all the sets and reps that you've done as well as note how much rest you've taken, and then you can keep on competing against yourself. meanwhile, away from the blood, sweat and tears of this gym, i've been looking at something a little more scientific too. here at the university of brighton sports science physiology lab, there is all sorts of kit and this rather intimidating looking treadmill could be used to help analyse my gait. but instead of doing that, we're going to head outside with these, which are
the gait up sensors. inside them, there is a gyroscope, an accelerometer, even a barometer but it's not about the hardware, it's the data that they are actually collecting which is important and how that can be analysed to help me move better. and the new algorithms doing that are being used here for a collaboration called the sub2 project to try and help elite runners break the 2—hour marathon mark. let's go! it seems i wasn't quite as wonky as i thought i was. when we look at you, you are quite a fit and good runner. not elite for sure, but not at specific risk to anything that we would do is fine tuning. my colleague says i run like an elephant. do i not run like an elephant? can i tell her i do not? they might think that visually it's the case, but the data show it's not the case. visually the case, oh dear. but the analytics, and that's the new bit here, not the hardware,
do provide a clear report of your running. contact time, strike and asymmetry are the focus factors, allowing professional level tracking for consumers — although with a current pricetag of 1500 quid, i can't imagine them hitting the mainstream just yet. and while much of this tech mayjust seem overengineered and overpriced, maybe it's just early days for a fully connected workout experience that can really pack a punch. that was lara. it was an outrageous amount of money to give away for a competition — a $10 million prize, but some would say it's a small price to pay, because the challenge was to find the best way to teach children remotely. the global learning xprize, at it was named, was the brainchild of elon musk.
its aim was to teach children maths and literacy in their own language that would deliver results at least as good as it would have been if they had the chance to go to class. the results have been impressive. last months in los angeles, two winners were announced, picking up $5 million each from elon himself. dan has been back to africa to talk to one of them about what they achieved, and what might be next. rooster crows. the walk to school, and back to where it all began. it was here in this village where seven years ago, onebillion handed out its first devices, before any of these children were born. some of them are still in use. andrew's charity is now working with partners in south africa, uganda, the uk, tanzania as well as across malawi,
but to its founder, this place is special — as is winning the xprize. on a personal level, we just felt enormous gratitude. we've built on the expertise of so many people from around the world. obviously $5 million is very, very useful. it's really given us this opportunity to show that we have a quality product that can achieve this recognition from xprize. in tanzania, tablets were given out to 4000 schoolless children in 150 villages, most of whom scored zero when tested in maths and literacy at the start of the trial. 18 months on, and the results were stark — in many cases, better than would have been expected if they'd gone to school. and interestingly, with little difference in results between boys and girls.
i think it's the biggest educational learning trial anywhere in the world. we saw children making very significant gains in letter recognition, in reading words, in maths, recognising numbers, number discriminations. what this shows to us is that there is a solution to the global learning crisis. those positive results are reflected here in these 30—minute community sessions held at this village house. i have a daughter, grace — and in the past, she was not doing well in mathematics but when the gadgets come, she is doing good in school. schools in malawi, you will get one classroom with over 150 children. i know one school where there is 200, 250 children in one classroom. if you put in place, for example, what we're doing here,
using the tablets, it will actually ease the tension in class. can you imagine how many hours it takes to mark 250... you have a lesson of 30 minutes and then four hours for marking. onebillion is launching a new robust, low—cost tablet building on what they've learned so far. these tablets often can be damaged by the usb plug, if someone doesn't know you've got to put them in one way round, they can force it and it can break. so we use a magnetic connector rather than usb, and it can be charged from solar. this adapts to the child. the software now has a chaos start—up mode, where it can assess the abilities of any child who picks it up in the background and build a learning plan on the fly. andrew is keen to work with education officials and experts
on the ground, allowing them to tailor the curriculum to each community. you say you are keen to work with partners. would that be any partner? if google or microsoft came along with a large amount of cash, would you welcome that? we believe that the child, particularly at primary school, needs to be in a sanctuary where they are not being observed, and data is being extracted about them. all of us know that big tech companies are gathering data on all of us now. i mean, google probably knows where we are sitting now in the middle of malawi, and that information is monetised. i am fearful, i think we must protect children from being seen as a product in any way. an hour's drive north of lilongwe and the potential of the software becomes clear.
dzaleka refugee camp is home to almost 40,000, fleeing war orfamine. here, onebillion's partner, vso, is delivering hour—long classes. this is integrity church in the heart of the refugee camp. 50 or so children are here. the tablets have been in for about a month. it's a little too early to assess the progress but the interest, you just have to look at the faces. the xprize has shown this open source software works, and that it's one of the best at delivering these results. given the right funding, it seems hard to imagine why tablet schooling won't become more widely adopted. that was dan in east africa, what a fabulous story that was. that's it for this week. next week, we have a special programme on the subject of sustainable tech. can't wait for that.
in the meantime you canjoin us on social media throughout the week on youtube, instagram, facebook and twitter at @bbcclick, here's the address. thanks for watching, and we will see you soon. hello. our much—advertised summer heat this week is yet to kick in, and when it does, it'll be very brief. but on the continent, as you may have heard, the european heatwave is in full swing, and on wednesday new june temperature records were set in germany, poland, czech republic, to above 38 celsius. the best we could manage in the uk was 25 in wales.
and to start thursday morning, where you're clear in scotland and northern england, mid single figures could be yours. a lot of low cloud in wales across to eastern england and southern scotland once again, but that's going to clear more readily than on wednesday. it may hang on towards lincolnshire, norfolk, it may push more generally back towards the north sea coast later in the day. northern scotland staying rather cloudy, elsewhere abundant sunshine. it's going to be sunny at glastonbury, but it will be windy here. in fact, even stronger winds towards cornwall and devon. these are average speeds but there will be gusts through thursday and into friday, maybe reaching 50mph on western ground. this offshore cloud will keep northern coastal counties with on—shore cloud close to the midteens on the eastern coast, elsewhere it will be a warmer day in the sunshine, into the mid—20s for warmer spots in the west. thursday night into friday, cloud lurking in the north sea,
and will filter further inland, and once again could make for a rather dull and grey start to friday morning, particularly across the eastern side of the uk. but once again, that will push on back away from the coastline as we go through the day. high pressure is now moving towards the north sea on friday, and by then, we're finally tapping into some of this continental heat and humidity across the western side of the uk, with abundant sunshine. so here it's going to feel hotter on friday. so here's how it's looking on friday. remember the cloudy start through central and eastern areas, but there goes the low cloud, slowly retreating to the north sea coast. where it lingers here, with an on—shore breeze, it's going to feel cooler than elsewhere. elsewhere in the sunshine more places will be into the upper 20s, even into the hotspots of north—west scotland we could be near 30 degrees. but then on saturday, for northern ireland and scotland, it's atlantic air taking over once again, with showers and thunderstorms. the heat on saturday is transferring further east across much more of england.
this is bbc news — welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: the first ten hopefuls in the race to be the democrats‘ nominee for president go head to head — with elizabeth warren and cory booker standing out. after a shocking image emerges of a father and daughter drowned on the mexico border, president trump blames the migrant crisis on the democrats. italy's government refuses to allow 42 migrants rescued in the mediterranean to land in its ports. and we speak to the dalai lama— 60 years after he fled chinese forces in tibet. he had this to say about president trump.