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tv   BBC News  BBC News  June 28, 2019 3:00am-3:31am BST

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welcome to bbc news, i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: what do we want? justice! what do we want? justice! when we wanted? right now! donald trump says he wants to delay the us census after the supreme court blocks a question on citizenship. seconds out, round two — the next batch of democrats are going head to head in a debate for the presidential nomination. the 620 summit is about to get under way in japan. can world leaders find common ground? desperate for a new life. we report from el salvador on why so many risk their lives to come to america. and marking 50 years since the stonewall riots, when hundreds of gay men and women
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demanded an end to discrimination. hello. first this our hour: president trump says he is seeking a possible delay to the 2020 us census after the supreme court blocked his administration from adding a question about citizenship. he tweeted that he had asked lawyers if they could delay the census, no matter for how long, saying it was ridiculous that the government and country could not ask for this information. critics say questioning citizenship will deter immigrant households from taking part. peter bowes reports. what do we want? justice! when do we want it? right now! it's a battle that's played out across america.
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civil rights groups say asking residents of their citizenship is attack on people of colour. the federaljudge has called it "a threat to the very foundation of us democracy." this is the question the trump administration wanted to see on next year's census. "is this person a citizen of the united dates?" —— states? the white house said that it was necessary for an accurate national headcount, even though a question about citizenship hasn't appeared on a us census since 1950. opponents said it would reduce response rates in households with immigrants and minority groups. the supreme courtjustices said the administration's reason for including the question seemed "contrived". campaigners welcomed the surprise decision. every single person in this country deserves to be counted, plain and simple. and today, thanks to the supreme court's decision, we will have an opportunity to do just that. the ruling is a blow to the trump administration, but not the end of the matter. it's been sent back to a lower court
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with the door left open for the white house to provide justification for the question. in a tweet, president trump responded by saying he would try to delay the census. he wrote: "seems totally ridiculous that our government, and indeed country, cannot ask a basic question about citizenship." democrats say the question is politically motivated, since the census determines how much federal funding each state receives. it would be a sad occurrence if people said ‘since that's on there, i'm not going to be counted,‘ because it means so much in terms of who we are as a nation. for now, the fight goes on. we need to hit the streets, we need to organise and we need to make sure that everybody gets counted because that is the original intent of the census. the us constitution requires a census every ten years. in election year, the 2020 count will be more contentious than ever.
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peter bowes, bbc news. well, staying with the us supreme court. the us supreme court also ruled on the issue of gerrymandering, the practice where voting districts are re—drawn in order to favour a political party. in a majority decision, the court ruled that the federal government does not have the constitutional authority to regulate state election maps. the ruling is based on a number of cases from north carolina and maryland. those who brought the cases fear the decision will lead to more manipulation of electoral boundaries after the 2020 census. round two of the debate of democratic presidential hopefuls is taking place in miami. on wednesday, millions watched as the first ten hoping to take on donald trump in 2020 debated live on tv. another ten are battling it out today, among them key frontrunners joe biden and bernie sanders.
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let's go live to miami and the bbc‘s jane o'brien. jane, before the debate got started i put you on the spot and ask you aboutjoe biden. let me ask you again now the debate is happening, he was standing out in getting the attention? joe biden is sitting next to bernie sanders who was supposed to bernie sanders who was supposed to be his archrival and so far they've barely acknowledged each other. i got that completely wrong. wever, eric stone well, who very few americans will have heard of, is a congressman from california, he really has had his breakout moment, but ina really has had his breakout moment, but in a way that lots of democrats won't like because he went straight afterjoe biden, called him out on his age and basically said you are too old to be president. when i was six, you came and spoke to us as a group and said it's time to pass the torch to the other generation, well you need to pass the torch. similarly mr stone well meant to him
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specifically. so that really is the nuclear option, he's gone for the jugular. joe biden‘s weakest point which is his age, he will be 78 if he reaches the white house, and a lot of people are saying that's his problem. he needs to hand over to the younger generation. the democrats need a candidate who is much younger, who can inspire and it's not unclejoe, as he is affectionately cold. so eric sta lwell, affectionately cold. so eric stalwell, but the debate still has another hour to run and they are still discussing serious issues like immigration, healthcare and even reparations for the families and descendants of african—america ns reparations for the families and descendants of african—americans who we re descendants of african—americans who were brought to america as slaves. so there's still a long time to go but that was quite a scorcher. in fairness to you, you did pre—empt this issue of the generational divide between some of the candidates, jane. in terms of the other big issues, i know you just
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ran through them, but could you pick out one or two and expand on what the candidates had to say? you're very kind on giving me a pass on that one. but, yes, healthcare is clearly one of the big issues and they have been talking a lot about that. and again what we're seeing is the dynamic playing out which is the progressive left faction of the democratic party versus the centrist. this is wherejoe biden and bernie standards clearly diverge —— bernie sanders, joe biden said he wa nted —— bernie sanders, joe biden said he wanted to build on obama care, he was an architect of that, the affordable care act, bernie sanders said he wanted to abolish all private healthcare said he wanted to abolish all private healthca re insurance said he wanted to abolish all private healthcare insurance and just have a government run healthcare system. that is under theme are too many democrats, many americans including democrats and is one of the big issues that puts him apart —— anethema. it's interesting, duncan, when he was asked how he
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would achieve that, he lapsed into rhetoric and said it's all about the greed in insurance companies and pharmaceutical companies. he didn't have a plan, where as elizabeth warren, whom we heard from last night had a plan for that and many other things, she is his greatest rival on the left. 0k, jane, keep watching for us, won't you? we'll be back soon. jane o'brien there in miami. the plight of so many migrants from central america risking their lives to try to cross illegally into the united states has been thrown into sharp focus this week. the image of oscar ramirez and his daughter — face—down in a river after they drowned trying to cross into the united states has shocked the world. he was trying to find a better life for his family from el salvador. it is central america's smallest country but has one of the world's highest crime rates. our international correspondent orla guerin reports from the capital san salvador.
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in el salvador, daily life. and death. another killing in gangland. it barely merits a glance. and doesn't stop the ice cream vendor. the gangs are like a virus, unseen but infecting every aspect of life. locals are telling us that by dumping the body here in broad daylight, it's a clear message of defiance to the government. and over here you can see just whose territory you're the gang has branded the street corner. no—one dares speak out against gangsters of barrio i8. not even the woman on the phone who fears the victim is her missing son. small wonder plenty of salvadorans try to escape all this and head
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for the us. some to get away from the gangs, others to look for decent jobs and a better life. but many wind up back home, facing constant danger. families wait for loved ones who have been deported, they arrive at this reception centre in san salvador, this father and daughter back where they started. wilber hoped to spend a few years in america, saving for his future. instead, he and four—year—old rhianna were detained and separated for months. "she was screaming and crying saying please don't leave me," he says. "it was very hard, when i got her back, she didn't recognise me." when darkness falls here, the streets are deserted. the gangs own the night.
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they sell drugs, run extortion rackets and try to control everything that moves. we met two former gang members who became police informers. we cannot use their names or broadcast their voices. chillingly, they say their job was to kill and keep killing. one admits to slaughtering 56 people. translation: the first one was with a knife. he was a member of a rival gang. then there were others with a gun. the last one was chopped up. you mutilated the body, the hands, the legs, their arms, you take their insides out. it sounds like you were butchering people like you might butcher a sheep? at that moment i just thought of them as my enemy. i had to kill seven people to be initiated into the gang. if you want to earn rank, you have to carry on killing.
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this man started killing at 15 and became a leader in his local area. he says if his old gang ever caught him, he'd get special treatment. translation: they would deal with me in the worst way. they would bury me alive, then dig me up and kill me very slowly. and what would you say to the families of those you killed, do you ever think about them? whatever i say, it won't bring back their dead. i have already left mothers without sons, people without brothers, cousins and friends. what i tell them would mean little or nothing. but i repent every day. security forces lined up at the start of another crackdown on the gangs. el salvador‘s new president, who took office this month, trying the iron fist approach.
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in this blood—stained country, one more attempt to reclaim the night. orla guerin, el salvador. orla guerin‘s report shows why so many people are trying to cross the borderfrom mexico into the us which is causing political headaches there. the bbc‘s chris buckler is on the us—mexican border. just across this border in mexico you will find many migrant families sitting, effectively stranded on the edge of america, and in some cases waiting months to be seen by the us authorities. in itself, that is a sign of the sheer numbers that are still continuing to come. and both democrats and republicans accept billions of dollars is needed to address the problem here on the border. they been fighting over how that money should be used. republicans want it to be spent on the likes of border security and enforcement, democrats say it should be spent on improving
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the conditions for migrants, particularly those children's detention centres where there are harrowing claims that conditions are unsafe and unsanitary. tonight nancy pelosi says she will now support the republican bill, which president trump will undoubtedly claim as a victory. but democrats say it is important that the money is freed up and spent and that children should come first. and that may well be a sign of that stark image of oscar ramirez and his daughter lying dead in the rio grande has had an effect far beyond this border. stay with us on bbc news. plenty still to come: dinosaur debut, meet the previously undiscovered relative of the tyrannosaurus rex. members of the neo—nazi resistance movement stormed the world trade center armed with pistols and shotguns. we believe that, according to international law, that we have a rightful claim
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in certain parts of this country as ourland. i take pride in the words "ich bin ein berliner." cheering. chapman, prison—pale and slightly chubby, said not a single word in open court. it was left to his lawyer to explain his decision to plead guilty to murdering john lennon. he believes that onjune eighth, god told him to plead guilty and that was the end of it. the medical research council have now advised the government that the great increase in lung cancer is due mainly to smoking tobacco. it was closing time for checkpoint charlie, which, for 29 years, has stood on the border as a mark of allied determination to defend the city. this is bbc news. the latest headlines:
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donald trump says he wants to delay the us census after the supreme court blocks a question on citizenship. ten candidates are going head to head in the second democratic presidential debate in miami. a charity trying to disembark more than a0 migrants in the italian port city of lampedusa says it has been prevented from doing so for more than 2a hours. the captain of the rescue ship sea watch three said they'd been told there were no docking places. ramzan karmali reports. day 2a of the sea watch three in the coast of lampedusa. for those onboard, more frustration that a vessel carrying 42 migrants is not allowed to dock. italian authorities made a second visit onboard and the captain reiterated her plea to let the migrants of her boat. we declared a state of necessity
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because the psychological situation and the humanitarian condition has been worsening so much that i cannot guarantee the safety of the rescue people anymore onboard a vessel. originally migrants were onboard. ii were taken of the vessel by the italian coastguard due to health concerns. they were rescued from a rubber boat more than two weeks ago, they been sailing back and forth off the coast of italy's southernmost island ever since. but italian authorities had already warned they would be imposing heavy fines and impound the ship if sea watch 3 entered its waters. and italy's interior minister, matteo salvini, expressed his anger. this time with a series of tweets. this stated if the shippers seized and the ship arrested, i can only be pleased. but the un's refugee agency old for caution over the language used. the tone of the political debate around this issue with refugees and with the ngo boats is very concerning.
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i think there has perhaps been a loss of perspective stop you know the numbers arriving in europe now are drastically decreased. they are significantly down compared to what we have seen in previous years. the captain of the boat said she contacted authorities from not just italy, but germany, france, malta and even the european commission, but to no avail. the european commission has called on italy to allow the migrants to disembark stop and for member states to make a more co—ordinated effort to come to a swift resolution that those on board sea watch three. 50 years ago this friday the stonewall riots erupted in new york's greenwich village. hundreds of gay men and women took to the streets, to demand an end to discrimination. the events, which began with a police raid on a gay bar, the stonewall inn, helped establish the gay rights movement and the campaign for lg bt rights worldwide. from new york, ben hunte reports.
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it was here in new york's greenwich village whether riots erupted in many say the modern lgbt movement was born. a police raid on the stonewall inn, a gay bar run the mafia, spark days of rioting. gay people in 19605 america suffered state sanctioned discrimination. they were denied jobs in the government and military and routinely branded as mentally ill. after century later, the buyer is still standing. —— half a century later, the bar is still standing. mark cigar was there when it all happened. police barged in, theyjust started pushing people around and anybody who looked like they were successful, they went up to them and said take up your wallet and they took the money and they didn't care because that's
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the way you got to treat gay men and lesbian women in those days. you treated them like trash. it was then the gay people decided to fight back. it was the first time gay people said the police know. this is our neighbourhood, and we picked up stones, we picked up cans and threw them. what followed was days of riots and protests. just a year later, america's first gay pride march took place. the whole of new york appears to be celebrating this year's special anniversary. across the city, rainbows are everywhere and events documenting lgbt rights are happening daily. being here for pride celebrations it can be tough to imagine how difficult life was for older lgbt generations. many young people here are now growing up in some more tolerant societies, they don't really need spaces like this to hide away. i'm proud of what happened there. but veterans of that struggle warn there is no room for complacency,
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with hate crime on the rise in many cities, they say the lessons of the stonewall riots are as important as ever. ben hunte, bbc news, greenwich village. world leaders are gathering in osaka for the g20 meeting. in about one hour they will pose for the official family photo. climate change is one of the many topics likely to dominate. rupert, the leaders have begun to talk in the last hour or so. begun to talk in the last hour or so. anything emerging? we're still for the family photograph, as you said, the official opening of the summer said, the official opening of the summerand we said, the official opening of the summer and we just saw the egyptian and indonesian presidents arrive so they are still arriving. as you say there have already been meetings here this morning particularly between president donald trump who arrived last night and the japanese prime minister and the indian prime
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minister. they had bilateral than a trilateral. .. minister. they had bilateral than a trilateral... on minister. they had bilateral than a trilateral. .. on his minister. they had bilateral than a trilateral... on his way here, president trump has been tweeting and throwing out challenges to leaders in the region, particularly to the indian prime minister over trade, and to the japanese prime minister. when he got into the meeting this morning, shinzo abe gave him a piece of paper with a map of the united states on it with five sites spotted on that map where japanese companies have made investments in the last month, a total, according to the prime minister, of $145 million us and 5000 newjobs. this is how other leaders are responding to president trump's threats on trade and tariff. the japanese prime minister says hey, hold on. we invest heavily in newjobs and new production, large amounts of money into the us economy. calm down a little bit. that is an interesting tactic. we
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know president trump likes diagrams and presentations. maybe the chinese president should use that at their meeting. absolutely. that is overshadowing the whole of this summit is the trade war between the united states and china. i should say this is a summit of low expectations. not much is expected to go into the final communique but there is a meeting that is expected to happen between the chinese president and president trump tomorrow and during that meeting, eve ryo ne tomorrow and during that meeting, everyone i have spoken to including the japanese foreign minister, has said they hope some sort of truth can be called in the trade war, and certainly that president trump will not go ahead with the threat to impose 25% tariff on another $300 million worth of chinese exports to the united states. there is a feeling that that would really make the trade war considerably worse and so everybody is looking to that meeting to see whether something positive can come out of, at least a
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halt or a truce. we will keep an eye out for the family photograph. in the meantime, thank you very much. scientists in brazil say they have unearthed the fossilised remains of an entirely new species of dinosaur. it's estimated the animal lived around 90 million years ago, in the southwest of the country in the region of parana. the bbc‘s tim allman has more. 0k, it is ok, it is not much of a looker. that it is quite special in its own way. ves pa it is quite special in its own way. vespa saurus, a dinosaur we never even knew existed to stick these are some of its remains, discovered by palaeontologists in the south—west of the country. it is a therapy odd, the same family as the velociraptor and tyrannosaurus rex. believed to
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be about1.5 and tyrannosaurus rex. believed to be about 1.5 metres in length, thought to be carnivorous commerce feeding on other small animals. translation: this is the first time this species has been registered here in brazil and globally it is a new species. this region of brazil is rich in dinosaur remains. now there is plenty of lush vegetation, but 90 million years ago this area was all desert. careful analysis of the creature's bones and the unique nature of its clause told scientist that this was something different. the hope is this discovery will prompt fresh research and new discoveries. maybe other previously unknown dinosaurs will be unearthed. stay with us here on bbc news, we will keep across the democratic debate in miami and keep an eye on the 620 debate in miami and keep an eye on the g20 summit going on in osaka. for now, thank you for watching.
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hello there. thursday was a warm and a sunny day for most of us away from the east coast. but for scotland, wales, northern ireland, you saw your warmest day of the year so far. and today's looking pretty similar — another dry and sunny one with the highest temperatures across the west. we across the west. are drawing up the hot air from france we are drawing up the hot airfrom france across the more western portions of the uk. across the east and around this area there is more cloud and cooler and fresher air. the early cloud will burn back to the coast and then much of the country again will be bathed in very strong sunshine. really is the strongest time of the year with high uv levels, particularly in northern ireland, much of england and wales and high across scotland. the east—west temperature contrast, like
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this on thursday, very hot across western scotland and a couple of places could see 20 or 30 degrees. cooler on the north sea coast, similar across england and high—temperature ‘s similar across england and high—temperatu re ‘s across similar across england and high—temperature ‘s across the west into wales. the upper 205 high—temperature ‘5 across the west into wales. the upper 205 cel5iu5. the pollen level5 the pollen levels will be very high for most allergy 5ufferer5. a5 we tap into the air, particularly in the east of england, the temperatures could rise to the mid 30 cel5iu5. changes are taking place acro55 30 cel5iu5. changes are taking place across the western thi5 30 cel5iu5. changes are taking place across the western this weather front moving in bringing 5hower5 across the western this weather front moving in bringing showers and thunderstorms and a drop in temperature for scotland and northern ireland around the irish sea coast. the eastern half of england will tap into the hot air from france and those values will 5oar into the afternoon, into the low 305. we could see 33 or 34
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cel5iu5 in the london area and humidity will be high. it will be unbearable. it is short lived becau5e unbearable. it is short lived because the cold front 5pread5 ea5twa rd5 because the cold front 5pread5 ea5tward5 during saturday night and into sunday and then into a much fre5her into sunday and then into a much fresher and cooler we5terly wind off the atlantic. a lot of sunshine around on sunday, a lot of showers acro55 around on sunday, a lot of showers across the north—west and some of them are heavy. acro55 across the north—west and some of them are heavy. across the 5outh—ea5t, looking at a 10 degrees drop from what we had on saturday. valu e5 drop from what we had on saturday. valu es of drop from what we had on saturday. values of 23 or 24 degrees, high teen5 further north.
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hello, this is bbc news. the headlines: pre5ident donald trump 5ay5 he is seeking a possible delay to next year's us cen5u5 after the supreme court blocked his administration from adding a question about citizen5hip. he tweeted that he had asked lawyer5 if they could delay the census, no matter for how long. the second debate for us democrat5 hoping to secure the party's nomination to run for president against mr trump in 2020 has got under way. it includes the frontrunner, the former vice pre5identjoe biden, and nine other candidates, including bernie sanders who lost out to hillary clinton. the g20 summit in the japanese city of osaka is likely to be dominated by differences between the
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united states and china over trade. pre5ident trump is due to meet the chinese president xi jinping very soon. now it's time for panorama. i've never seen a campaign like it in nearly 40 years of reporting politic5. going through with it this time? on the frontline, bori5john5on... when i say i will do x, i generally deliver x+10. succe55ful a5 a mayor, less so as a minister. quite the most hopele55ly irre5pon5ible foreign secretary i have ever known. and his rival, jeremy hunt. that is what we are going to do, have a


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