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tv   Witness History  BBC News  June 29, 2019 12:30am-1:01am BST

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john 0'brien is still actively campaigning for lgbt human rights. the headlines: currently, in over 70 countries around the world, being gay is illegal. the european union has agreed a huge in uganda in 2009, mps tried free trade deal with south america's to increase already strict this is bbc news. biggest commercial bloc — punishment for homosexuality. i‘m ben bland. mercosur, after two our top stories: decades of talks. the eu's agreement with argentina, brazil, paraguay, and uruguay they argued for life imprisonment creates a market for goods and even the death penalty. and services covering almost the eu and several south american 800 million people. well, victor mukasa, a transman, countries clinch a huge free trade was one of the first lgbt human deal after two decades rights activists to of negotiations. presidents trump and xi go public in uganda. are preparing for talks at the 620 sumit injapan. a us—china showdown at g20 suit. the us and chinese leaders but can can presidents trump and xi are meeting after trade negotiations stalled last month. uganda already has a law that agree to end their bitter trade war? mr trump threatened to impose could be used against homosexuality, new tariffs on chinese imports. but the new backbench we‘ll be live in osaka mr xi has already warned world bill goes much further. with the latest. leaders that protectionist measures the penalty for gay a white supremacist is jailed could destroy global. for life in the united states sex could be death. for driving a car into anti—racism i got death threats. my children got death threats. an american white supremacist has the story of lgbt activism protesters in charlottesville. been jailed for life without parole was lonely, sometimes. for driving into a crowd but i've felt that we are not just of anti—racism protesters in 2017, cheering. killing a woman. james fields ploughed his lady gaga leads crowds in new york car into demonstrators to mark 50 years since the stonewall in the city of charlottesville. 32—year—old heather heyer riots helped spark the global was killed and dozens of other people were injured. going to be buried like this. fight for lgbt rights. the two candidates in the running to lead the liberal democrats,
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have taken part in hustings with party members in cambridge this evening. in a country where biblical values jo swinson or ed davey will take are deeply ingrained, homosexuality is generally deplored. over from sir vince cable my family was very conservative at the end ofjuly. family, a staunch catholic family. with more, here's our political me being the first born girl then. i had issues with gender identity. correspondent jonathan blake. i tra nsgressed gender unintentionally from the time working hard for every vote. i started being aware of my existence. they bought me a very campaigning in cambridge and london nice yellow dress. and i went and changed. today, jo swinson and ed davey i put bought football shorts. going head—to—head in the race i felt more comfortable that way. and then when i came out my father to be the new leader was in the hallway and he gave me of the liberal democrats. a slap and he said, "go back and dress up appropriately." and then i put on that yellow dress and inside i felt and tonight party like i was different now. members in good spirits i wasn't proud anymore, after recent success in the european elections came to hear both candidates make their pitch. so who are they? ed davey was first elected i wasn't happy anymore. in 1997 as mp for kingston and surbiton, a former energy and climate secretary in the tory coalition government wants to focus on the environment and this week i fought against my sexual orientation for so many years. he revealed he was once i was on my own because my family approached to work for mi6. didn't want anything to do with me i want our party to be pro—eu, at that point. to tackle the climate emergency, but i want our party to be compassionate and as we stop brexit we need to heal the divisions in our country. we need to reach out to leave areas and leave communities and, eventually, i was homeless. to bring our country together. so i felt that i needed
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to heal from this thing that was causing me suffering. and so i took myself to churches. jo swinson is the reject sodomy! party's deputy leader reject perversion! and was first elected as mp for east dunbartonshire in 2005. she wants a new liberal they were praying for me. movement to challenge the forces of nationalism and populism. in her spare time she is and then as they're praying, they started stripping me off, a keen marathon runner. it was my clothes making me a man. we have a golden opportunity in front of us right now. so they stripped me naked. the country is crying out and they started to lay their hands on me. for a liberal movement to be and these are boys and their pastor. the alternative, they laid hands, in particular, to take on the forces of nationalism, populism, on my genital area, the likes of borisjohnson and nigel farage, and the liberal democrats must be because they said it was at the heart of that movement. the centre of it all. and that is when i felt that it is torture. but i said, "this is who i am." who is going to get your vote, and why? i think at the moment it's going to be jo swinson. i think she's got a really good media presence inside me i felt it was ok and i think that the lib dems to be the way that i was. need that in a leader. and that god is not mad at me. seeing as homosexuality i'm thinking of backing ed davey, here is illegal, the gay scene because i thought is pretty much underground.
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while jo's pitch was very aspirational, i thought ed's i went to that bar and ijust was more heavy on detail. started smiling, life had come. the winner of this contest will be i didn't want to go back announced at the end home when i went there. ofjuly. jonathan blake, bbc news, cambridge. because i met lesbians, proud ones. people dressed like me, now on bbc news — witness history people expressing themselves has five stories from lgbt history like me, people in love with other women. to mark the 50 years they had their partners there. that have passed since and i was like i had reached heaven. the stonewall riots of 1969. last year, under the headline "hang them", a tabloid magazine published the names and addresses of 100 gay men and lesbians. the effects of that hello and welcome to publication were major. witness history with me, ben hunte. they were horrible. we're in new york with a special a lot of people during that period edition to mark lgbt pride. lost jobs, were evicted today we've got some extraordinary moments from the past coming up — from homes, killed. told to us by the people who were there. in this programme, we'll hear about the struggle for lgbt rights in uganda, look back at the lesbian cheering and applause. activists who invaded a bbc news studio in the uk. lawyers and activists had challenged the anti—homosexuality act we'll hear from the on the grounds that it danish couple who made history having the world's first violated human rights.
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same—sex civil union. my children know me as daddy and we'll speak to the former and they call me daddy. partner of terrence higgins, who helped form the hugely influential hiv and aids trust. they don't say "hey, trans—daddy. but first, a story that began hey, former lesbian trans—daddy." you know, they call me daddy. it shouldn't matter. right here in new york. but it matters now that i identify as a transgender man because that is the beginning in 1969, the stonewall inn was one of a conversation about what transgender is. of very few gay bars in the city. a police raid onjune 28th of that year sparked several nights of protesting. not for me, because i have survived, but there are people who are still struggling to come out it was the moment that the lgbt community here said enough is enough or to even ask for what they need. and the modern gay rights so then it matters. movement was born. the act of homosexuality victor mukasa there on the fight was illegal, when i grew up, against discrimination in uganda. in 49 of the 50 states. next, on 23 may 1988, a group of lesbians invaded a live bbc news studio in london. they were protesting new laws limiting lgbt rights in the uk. the police were my enemy. booan temple was one and they were a real danger to me. of the women there. here was a chance for me to finally express my feelings about what had been done to me as a young gay kid voiceover: the six o'clock news growing up in an anti—gay society. from the bbc, with sue lawley and i wasn't alone. and nicholas witchell. it's six o'clock. people wanted to show their anger
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and resentment at the police shouting in studio. stop section 28! for all their years in the house of lords, a vote is taking place now on a challenge to the poll tax. of brutality and intolerance. tory rebels have they liked to get theirjollies said that the tax... we're protesting about rights beating us as they would find us for lesbian and gay people. in general, britain was quite in cruising areas, in the dark movie houses, outside on the street, a hostile environment in the 1980s for the lgbt community. in a bar, in a park, orwherever. about 75% of people, when surveyed, said that it was mostly or always wrong to be gay. simply by walking down the street, if somebody identified so these two little blocks you as lesbian or gay, on christopher street, you could get abuse and you could be which was in greenwich village, violently attacked, just for being. was our one little refuge we found, which was at night—time when nobody else cared. i obviously don't want children taught that the gay and lesbian we found places that we could sit, lifestyle is natural or normal. that we could talk, and it may not it is not, it never has been, have been a great place, you know, for most people, and it never will be. but it was our place. yes, my overriding concern is with the promotion of positive the stonewall bar was images of homosexuality in schools, from primary school right through, one of the gay bars. and that is what is causing many the first night of the rebellion i was hanging outjust a block away. parents real concern and offence. i heard the sirens, the police cars, the police were raiding the stonewall bar. my reaction was to there was this sort of catalyst run towards the bar. moment where a book was published, because that's where called jenny lives with eric and martin, about a girl who lives the excitement was. with her two dads. and it sort of kicked off a moral
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panic in parliament. that's what was happening. what we were told we were doing i was 20 years old. was destroying the heterosexual and in that crowd were, you know, family, so that lobby group — obviously drag queens and people to get this clause enacted. who were effeminate males. section 28 banned legal authorities from promoting homosexuality, the second part of it banned the teaching of homosexuality in schools. and then these guys who look like, quote, regular guys like me. and we were all together basically, it meant the closing down and the anger was towards them, services, so young people became the police. very vulnerable, particularly, people started yelling at them and schools couldn't protect people from being bullied. and then people started tossing all kinds of groups, coins and stuff started coming all over the country flying from different directions. began to protest. then the police then went inside for shelter. this parking meter was partially out of the ground that apparently a car or a truck had hit. and ijoined three other people, we lifted up the parking meter and we used it as a battering ram actor ian mckellen was at the head on the doors of the stonewall, of a procession which stretched ‘cause we wanted to get to the cops. nearly two miles. a group of lesbians chained themselves to buckingham palace gates dressed as suffragettes. a group of lesbians abseiled into the house of lords. through all of the campaigning prior to the announcement, we could not get the media i wanted to kill the cops. to understand what the impact that's how i felt. was going to be on our we would have really hurt those cops community, on our children. if they had not brought so, really, the only thing left more police in. was to actually be the news
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and it went on for several nights. the police were absolutely shocked. by being on the news. we met outside television centre. they had never before seen gay people in such resistance, you know. we managed to get we found our strength through the security. in ourselves and each other. the whole thing was timing really. 0n the anniversary of the stonewall and as soon as the lights changed, rebellion we wanted to commemorate it. we barged into the studio. we decided on doing a march. the whole place went mad, it wasn't a march to just protest, i got smacked to the ground it was a march to celebrate by i don't know how many people. who we are, to be proud and excited one of our number managed to handcuff herself to a camera, and happy to be gay. and the other got behind the news we made it to central park. desk, where she was quite violently we were very thrilled subdued by nicholas witchell, with ourselves and our numbers. who's since apologised. and it showed that we could do more. sue lawley carried and every year more and more people come to march in their first open pride march in the light, in public. it's very empowering on trying to read the news. for every one of us. and it's still very emotionalfor me. we started a tradition. 00:07:38,152 --> 2147483051:40:33,791 a tradition of respect, of pride, 2147483051:40:33,791 --> 4294966103:13:29,430 of joy, of community. and i do apologise if you are hearing quite a lot of noise in the studio at the moment. i am afraid that we have rather been invaded. in the footage it's all got rather muffled. and you can hear little muffled shouts of, "stop the section 28" and eventually we were all arrested. it did get huge media coverage.
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you know, the headlines were all about ‘loony lesbians‘, but over time, and beyond that, i have heard from quite a lot of people what it meant to them as young lgbt people in their own home, knowing that they were gay but maybe not out, and just felt a little bit empowered by it. so, here we are again at television centre again, 30 years later. clearly, things are a lot better than they were in the 1980s but it hasn‘t completely changed and there are very dangerous and serious pockets of homophobia. we have to be in solidarity with all the communities worldwide who are in daily fear of their lives. i‘m glad we did it. the fact we‘re here today means the story has been remembered. you can watch witness history every month on bbc news channel, or you can catch up with our films online and over 1,000 radio programmes, too. just search "bbc witness history."
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in denmark in 1989, ivan larsen and 0ve carlsen made history when they became one of the first in the world to be joined in a same—sex union. they told us all about it. it was a very special day for us. it was a marvellous day. we had been fighting for the partnership for many years. we had a right—wing government in denmark and this government was against it. i‘d been a vicar for many years. i think it was difficult to many people and they were confronted — what do you think about having a vicar that‘s gay? very many people combined homosexuality with dirt. coming out for me was very difficult. i came from a village,
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a family, where homosexuality was not discussed. i got married and got children. it was only my wife who knew that i was interested in other guys. she said, "you have to live the life which is yours." when i met 0ve, i knew that this was the man for me. denmark is usually thought of as a liberal and tolerant country and this summer, they have taken that tolerance a degree further. in may, they passed a law allowing homosexuals to enter into registered partnerships — partnerships they think of as marriage. quietly, at the centre of all the excitement, these men are making history. i thought the other day when i went to the town hall to get papers to partnership, i was so happy. for the first time, i feel this — i could allow myself to have the same feeling as everyone
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else who are going to be married. i was so happy. the partnership law was very much like a normal law for man and woman, only one of the two had to be a danish citizen. you were not allowed to adopt. you were not allowed to have your partnership registered in a church. that was the three things that departed from normal marriage — otherwise, it was just like marriage. we thought, the both of us, at last, that the day had come to us. the sun was shining and we were driven in horse carriages through copenhagen. it was a nice trip to remember. there were 11 gay couples that day at city hall and we were couple number two.
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they speak danish. camera shutters click. it was a very strange day. there was so many journalists and photographs. it was, in a way, difficult to be there yourself. well, whether you are married before a mayor at a city hall or a vicar in a church, it is the same marriage to god. i have always talked about ivan as my husband and i think it is strange to call him "my partner". denmark has had this partnership law for 25 years. it has been normal. in fact, i sometimes think it has
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been so long that it isn‘t worth discussing. ivan and 0ve there — one of the first couples in the world to enter into a civil partnership. we are now heading back to london for a story on one of the darkest periods of lgbt history. in 1982, a man called terrence higgins died from hiv/aids — one of the first people in the uk to be killed by the disease. it led his partner rupert whittaker to set up the terrence higgins trust that went on to become one of europe‘s hiv and sexual health charities. when i met terry, i was 18 and terry was 35 at the time. and i had never had a boyfriend, and not been particularly comfortable on the gay scene at all, in the gay community at all. terry was just a very nice guy, a very warm guy to me.
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he always used to cook for me, because i was no good at cooking myself, and he always used to make sure i ate. he was also very handsome, i thought, and very attractive. in 1982, he started to get less energetic and he was always complaining about headaches. but i was away at one point and i came back and heard that terry, and found out that terry had collapsed in a nightclub and been taken into hospital, and he was very sick. we were starting to hear about this american disease, and what was being called ‘gay—related immune deficiency‘ at that time. in new york, this is greenwich village. here, the killer disease has taken its greatest toll of death and of fear amongst those who walk in its shadow. we still had no idea what it was. was it a lifestyle thing? was some kind of infection?
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what was it? but until terry got ill, we had not heard of any cases in britain. the last time i went, i was going to take some lucozade and some ice lollies for him. i went up to the ward and there were curtains around terry‘s bed at the time, and i was standing just a few feet away and i could see there was quite some activity inside. i just stood there. then, the — one of the nurses and one of the physicians came around, and said that they were sorry to tell me that terry hasjust died. they had been trying to resuscitate him as i had been standing at the end of the bed, well, a few feet away from the end of the bed. and it was... yeah, that was very hard. it was a very hard thing to see, and hear.
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the funeral of terry higgins took place here at golders green crematorium in north london. the cause of death was toxoplasmosis — a brain infection that most people can tame, but which in his case proved fatal. after terry died, there was a virus discovered and then tests developed. it became known as hiv. there were deaths upon deaths. i lost — in one my diaries, in the back of it, i have names. i stopped counting at 35 names. and those were people that i knew closely enough to call friends. we realised that something needed to be done, and so we set up an organisation, a charity, to do some advocacy around this and safe sex information and messages.
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we wanted to name it after terry because of what he meant to us. the terrence higgins trust was europe‘s first hiv or aids charity and i am really, really pleased that it still has his name. rupert whitaker went on to become a leading immunologist. and that is all for that special lgbt edition of witness history. we will be back next month with more first—hand accounts of extraordinary moments from around the globe. for now, from me here at stonewall inn in new york, and the rest of the team, it‘s goodbye.
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friday was a hot one in the west of the uk, saturday is going to be hotter across eastern parts of the country. still nowhere near as hot as france — here is a reminder of that record—breaking temperature set on friday in southern france, nearly 46 celsius, smashing the previous record set in august 2003 of 44.1. across europe, still very hot, you can see these deep red colours, temperatures into the 30s across much of the continent, the heat is actually going to be shifting eastwards over the next few days, and then it will start to turn cooler. back to the uk, in england on saturday, temperatures could get up to 3a celsius, that is just in one or two spots, for most of us it won‘t be quite so hot but it will feel very muggy already from the morning onwards, first thing in the morning
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on saturday in the south, temperatures could be around 16—17, a little fresher in the north—east of england. on saturday there will be a lot more clout across western parts of the uk, so here it won‘t be quite so hot, the heat is going to ease, in fact showers and thunderstorms are possible in northern ireland and scotland, but across england, the heat is going to intensify. look at these deep red colours — temperatures in excess of 30 degrees are expected in yorkshire and possibly 3a in the south—east of the country. but in western scotland, a significant drop. showers and thunderstorms across parts of scotland may rumble through during the course of saturday evening, whereas across many parts of england it will be a balmy, if not hot, hot end of the day. if you don‘t like the heat, here is the good news: sunday is going to be much fresher, a cool front is set to sweep across the country, it will cut off that hot wind out of france
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and instead we will see a westerly wind blowing, so we can see yellow colours here indicating the cool air and that heatwave transfers into more central and eastern parts of eastern germany and poland, where temperatures approach a0 celsius. here is sunday‘s weather forecast. you can see the wind blowing no longer out of the south, it is blowing out of the atlantic, a fresh breeze around western coasts, showers as well, still pretty warm in the south, temperatures around 25 celsius, low 20s across yorkshire, but in stornaway a mere 15 degrees — an atlantic breeze and some showers. a fine summer weather is expected to continue into monday and tuesday, 00:20:41,926 --> 2147483051:47:05,678 no extremes but very 2147483051:47:05,678 --> 4294966103:13:29,430 pleasant indeed.
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