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tv   BBC News at Ten  BBC News  July 1, 2019 10:00pm-10:31pm BST

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this programme contains scenes of repetitive flashing images. hong kong's parliament is ransacked after it's stormed by hundreds of protesters. police have finally regained control, after activists broke away from a demonstration marking the 22nd anniversary of hong kong's transfer of sovereignty from britain to china. they smashed their way into parliament and remained there for almost eight hours spraying graffiti. defacing the emblem of hong kong in the central chamber and raising the old british colonial flag. hong kong's leader said police had exercised restraint. this is something that we should seriously condemn, because nothing is more important than the rule of law in hong kong. it comes after weeks of unrest over a controversial extradition law. also tonight. a public rebuke from the chancellor for the men vying to be prime minister as he warns them
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to be honest about their tax and spending pledges. a special report from brazil, where the amazon rainforest, vital to the earth's climate, is disappearing at an alarming rate. the problem is that more and more of it is being chopped down. it's hard to believe, but an area the size of a football pitch is being cleared every single minute. cheering. and a sensational debut for a 15—year—old schoolgirl as she knocks venus williams, five—time wimbledon champion, out on day one. and coming up on sportsday at 10.30pm, we'll have news of another upset at wimbledon as second seed naomi osaka is dumped out in the first round.
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good evening. the leader of hong kong, carrie lam, has condemned what she called the extremely violent storming of the territory's parliament today. hundreds of protesters smashed their way in and stayed there for almost eight hours, ra nsacking the building and spraying graffiti. the day started peacefully with a large march to mark the 22nd anniversary of the handover of power from the uk to china. but the violence began after activists broke away from the main demonstration and headed to parliament. it comes after weeks of unrest over a proposed law that would make it easier to extradite people to china to stand trial. rupert wingfield—hayes has the very latest from hong kong. well, sophie, july the 1st is the anniversary of hong kong's handover to china in 1997. it has in recent yea rs to china in 1997. it has in recent years become a day of protest in hong kong but in past years, those
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have been large but peaceful. today, the young activists who have exploded onto the streets of hong kongin exploded onto the streets of hong kong in recent weeks decided to make this a very different anniversary. a warning to viewers, there is flash photography in my report. exactly 22 years after china took control here, the use of hong kong today vented their fury, attempting today vented their fury, attempting to smash their way into the territory's parliament. —— the youths of hong kong. you can see these more radical activists have just broken through the window of the legco building behind me. they have managed to smash through the toughened glass and they are trying toughened glass and they are trying to get inside the legco building. inside, you can see there are large number the right place. so far, they have held back. the destruction continued and the police stood by. it looked very much like they had been ordered not to intervene.
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meanwhile, across town, hundreds of thousands of other hong kongers on the march in a second huge anti—government protest. this one com pletely anti—government protest. this one completely peaceful. but even here, there was sympathy for those besieging parliament.” there was sympathy for those besieging parliament. i understand what they are doing and i thank them for taking the risk to go to jail and trying to stop the government from handing over the lives of hong kong people to ccp. back outside parliament, the trashing continued. the police were now nowhere to be seen. now they are trying to smash their way through the steel shutters. the crowd, every so often they start shouting, "keep going!" what is the point of this? we know peaceful protest is not useful at this moment. so you can say it is
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drawing attention, making some noise to make people know what happens here and let more people know the government is not listening to our peaceful protest. finally, the steel shutters gave way and the protesters poured in. inside, the trashing continued. in the chamber, they raised the old british colonial flag. what must the chinese communist government in beijing be thinking, is it watches these images? how long until there are mainland chinese troops on the streets of hong kong? outside, the police had now finally massed their forces and at midnight, they struck, with a huge barrage of tear gas. the police had now suddenly lost their earlier timidity. i am
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police had now suddenly lost their earliertimidity. iam now police had now suddenly lost their earlier timidity. i am now inside the legislative chamber and as you can see, the place has been com pletely can see, the place has been completely cleared of protesters. the police are now firmly in control. you can still taste and smell tear gas in the air, here. as we have come into the building, we have seen an enormous we have come into the building, we have seen an enormous amount we have come into the building, we have seen an enormous amount of damage. this building has been badly trashed and you can see the graffiti on the wall behind me, here. already tonight, many in the opposition are starting to ask questions about the wisdom of these young protesters storming this building, whether it was really a victory of any sort or in fact it has handed a victory to the government. in the last hour, hong kong chief executive carolann has held an emergency press conference —— carry lamb. she has condemned the violence. nothing is more important than the rule of law in hong kong so i hope the community at large will agree with us that with these violent acts that we have seen, it is right for us to condemn it and hope society will return to
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normal. this graffiti because the government dogs. another says, "you. to do this". hong kong is now more polarised than at any time since the handover. many are worried this has now gone too far. but others are asking, what has driven hong kong's youth to such violence? it is now early morning here and the streets of hong kong are quiet again. but this society is now more deeply divided, probably more than it has ever been since the handover of hong kong to beijing and maybe for longer than that. and underneath all of this, driving this discontent, is what is called one country, two systems, the system imposed on hong kong by britain and china after the handover. it doesn't give people here the representative democracy they so strongly desire. it is very difficult to see a way out of this conflict now. these two sides are so deeply polarised.
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rupert wingfield—hayes, thank you. 22 years ago today hong kong was handed over from the uk to china. since 1997, the territory has been governed under the principle of "one country, two systems". so what do these protests mean for that system ? our diplomatic correspondent james landale reports. july 1997, and the moment britain handed hong kong over to china. the last governor, chris patten, presiding over one final act of empire, a handover whose legacy is still being fought over on the streets of hong kong tonight. it was back in 1984 that britain and china agreed a joint declaration that in future, hong kong should retain some autonomy and freedom. so after the handover in 1997, hong kong became a special region of china, and the "one country, two systems" policy came into force. that meant until 2047,
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when the declaration expires, hong kong should keep its free markets and independentjudges, at least in theory. frankly, the chinese have been breaking their word on the joint declaration. they claim it does not operate after 1997. the british government should make clear, in the united nations, in europe, so long as we are there, and elsewhere, that it does apply for 50 years after 1997 and we are going to be absolutely determined to make sure that china keeps its side of the bargain. the protesters who packed the streets in recent weeks fear hong kong's independence is being threatened by a draft law, making it easier for people to be extradited to china. they are looking to britain for support. the joint declaration does stand and i would urge the chinese government to make sure that it abides by the terms of that declaration. but as hong kong's beleaguered government marked the anniversary of the handover, beijing said
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it was extremely dissatisfied with britain. a foreign ministry spokesman said britain had no responsibility for hong kong and had no right to interfere in what was an internal affairfor china. these protests pose a challenge for the government. ministers want to support democracy in britain's old colony but they also want to keep good relations with china, whose investments they may need after brexit. violence on the streets of hong kong makes both objectives harder. james landale, bbc news, at the foreign office. so what about the view from mainland china? john sudworth is there. how will china deal with this? china is allergic to displays of popular will, even more so civil disobedience. it's big fear is contagion and with that in mind, it has been doing everything it can to
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make sure that people here in mainland china know as little as possible about what is going on. censorship has gone into overdrive. images of the protests are being blocked. even the term hong kong is being filtered on social media. that said, ithink being filtered on social media. that said, i think for now, china will be happy to allow the hong kong authorities to deal with it. they will be relieved that the police have once again restored order. but make no mistake, beijing is watching very, very closely. it is already defining this as an issue of sovereignty, warning foreign powers to back off. to pick up on something james mentioned in his report, there are, in response to comments from the british foreign secretary, talking about safeguarding hong kong's special status, a foreign ministry spokesperson here today warned him to stop meddling. "we advise the uk to know its place", he said. john sudworth thank you. the chancellor philip hammond has rebuked the two men vying to become
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the next prime minister and warned them both to stop and think about making expensive campaign promises. borisjohnson and jeremy hunt have both vowed to cut taxes and increase spending. but philip hammond has told the bbc that the candidates need to be honest about spending promises and not squander the conservative's and not squander the conservatives' reputation for managing the economy. here's our political editor laura kuenssberg. what are they willing to say? good morning, good morning. what would they be willing to spend? morning. this contest is getting, hypothetically at least, very expensive. and the man who has been in charge of money for this government is getting worried about the price of ambition. my concern is that this government has built up a reputation for fiscal responsibility, and the british people have worked incredibly hard, over a decade now, to rebuild our public finances, and i think it is very important that we don't throw that away. we have to live within our means and people have to be honest about the consequences of either spending more money,
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or of cutting taxes. are they being honest at the moment? i think they need to be very careful about setting out these ambitions. will they listen? jeremy hunt wants to spend more on defence, cutting taxes, caring for the elderly and billions to guard against the damage of leaving the eu without a deal, which he says he would do if he had to. we need a comprehensive no—deal plan, because brexit is about more than slogans, more than belief, more than positive thinking. you can't leave the european union on a wing and prayer, you need a plan. but what if that plan costs billions? are you willing to junk the tories‘ reputation for being careful with the country's money? i have walked round hospitals in the nhs where i have known they needed more money and i haven't been able to give it until the end, when i negotiated that big
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extra funding increase, and the only reason i was able to negotiate that extra money was because we took those painful decisions, we put the economy back on its feet, so we will never throw that fiscal responsibility away. watch out. having spent years telling the public money doesn't grow on trees, or pot plants, the two tories, borisjohnson as well as jeremy hunt, are making big vows to spend. denying, as the chancellor says, it would mean more borrowing, more tax or cuts elsewhere. if you look at it, we have a very carefully costed programme, and the key thing that we want to be investing in is education, levelling up, spending on education around the country, i think that is something that is very widely supported. for their rivals and critics these vows to spend will surely rankle. good luck with your preposterous ideas. thank you very much. for some tories, promises in the haste of a campaign that
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endanger their reputation. for the opposition, conservatives who reach for the cheque book only when they want to win. laura kuenssberg, bbc news, westminster. so what would all these tax and spend pledges from both men actually cost? as part of our series over the next few weeks on the leadership contenders and their key policies, our economics correspondent, darshini david, has been looking at the numbers. whoever wins the race for number ten may inherit an economy that is weighed down by brexit uncertainty, but that hasn't stopped either boris johnson norjeremy hunt from trying to entice voters with an increasing range of treats. of course politicians often don't deliver on their financial pledges, but let's take a look at some of their big ideas, starting with tax cuts. boris johnson made headlines with an ambition to raise the point at which people start paying income tax of 40% on earnings to £80,000. this would help up to four million
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higher earners, appealing to core party members, but at a cost of £9 billion. and those at the other end of the scale could benefit from a hike in the salary level at which national insurance is paid. that bill could be even bigger. increasing the point at which people start paying national insurance also appeals to jeremy hunt. he also wants to encourage business, particularly in light of brexit anxieties, to commit to the uk by slashing the rate of tax they pay on profits tojust12.5%. one of the lowest rates in the west. but that could cost £13 billion. what about spending? well, while both men have a lot to say, neither has detailed their plans in a manifesto. but for example mrjohnson wants to pledge more money for schools and policing, while mr hunt said he can spare up to £6 billion to help out farmers and the fishing industry
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in the event of a no—deal brexit. these plans, if delivered, could boost our pockets and the economy, but where will the money come from? such vague intentions make it impossible to cost either man's plans, but in each case, the bill could top £30 billion. while the treasury has £25 billion at its disposal, currently being earmarked to support the economy in the event of a brexit no—deal, or otherwise ease austerity. so both candidates' plans could soak up all that extra cash and more. present plans to reverse spending cuts in other areas may need to be abandoned. instead, the government might have to borrow more, or else saddle tax payers with a higher bill. sweeteners today could have a very bitter aftertaste. darshini david reporting. downing street says it's "extremely concerning" that iran has breached the limit on its stockpile
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of low—enriched uranium set under the 2015 nuclear deal that was signed with major world powers. the international atomic energy agency said its inspectors had verified that the 300kg cap had been exceeded. iran stepped up production of enriched uranium in response to sanctions imposed by the us, following a rise in tensions between the two countries. every 60 seconds, an area of amazon rainforest in brazil roughly the size of a football pitch is being cut down. there's been an aggressive increase in deforestation since the election of president bolsonaro injanuary, according to officials there. the rainforest, which plays a vital role in regulating the earth's climate, covers an area 20 times the size of britain. nearly two thirds of it is in brazil. crucially, it absorbs billions of tonnes of carbon dioxide every year and produces 20% of the oxygen in the earth's atmosphere. in the first of a series of reports, our science editor david shukman has
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been to see how decades of conservation efforts are being reversed. the rich greens of the most vibrant habitat on earth. the billions of trees store so much carbon, they help to slow down global warming. they are also home to an amazing tenth of all species in the natural world, some unnerving... others adorable. but the sight of bare earth and dead trunks is becoming more common, with huge tracts of forest wiped out. my footsteps and distant bird song are the only sounds. it's tragic to see this close up. to bring these trees down to the ground, theyjust knock them over with a bulldozer. this is happening all over the amazon to create new farmland, and the result is that the great
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forest has never been under such pressure. over the decades, field by field, many trees have made way for agriculture, but that's set to speed up because of a massive push for development. the new president of brazil, jair bolsonaro, was elected on a promise to exploit the amazon. he's delighted his supporters by saying too much of the forest is protected. his environment officials are deeply worried, but he has banned them from saying anything in public. you're trying to save the forest. so we have to meet this official in secret. his face hidden and voice changed, he says the government is trying to cover up the loss of the forest.
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and the scale of the deforestation he describes is staggering. up here, at the top of this 50 metre high observation tower, the view is just phenomenal, out over what looks like a great ocean of green. this is the canopy of the largest rainforest in the world. the problem is that more and more of it is being chopped down. it's hard to believe, but an area the size of a football pitch is being cleared every single minute. what that means is that forests that could cover more than 2,000 pitches is just vanishing every day, and all the signs are that this rate of devastation will accelerate. cattle are the biggest single reason the trees are cleared. they're grazing on land that used to be forest. brazilian beef is in big demand all over the world and the president's vision of expanding agriculture here has
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delighted the farmers, like this man who says other countries cut their forests down long ago. farming on an industrial scale has already reached the amazon, but the government wants to see more of it, and to weaken the laws protecting the forest. we asked to interview two ministers about this, but they both refused. a line often heard here is that only brazil can decide what do with the forest, no—one else. but the fact is, the more trees are cut down, the more we lose one of the few things holding back the rise in global temperatures. so what happens here in the coming years matters far beyond brazil. david shukman, bbc
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news, in the amazon. tomorrow we'll be looking at how indigenous people living on protected land are also under pressure. and if you've got any questions for our science editor david shukman right now — you can contact him on twitter for a live question and answer session. join in now by using the hashtag #bbcnewsten. a third of councils in england fear they could run out of money for key services — such as adult social care, protecting children, and preventing homelessness — within the next three years. that's according to a survey by the local government association, which wants central government to help councils cope with a rise in demand for such services. from hampshire, our political correspondent alex forsyth reports.
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they are famous for their haunting magical songs, which can be heard from over 20 miles away... it is not always obvious, but some children need a little extra support. rosie, olly and riley are all deaf. they get extra help at this specialist unit within their school in hampshire. all three say it's invaluable. if we're stuck, you can just ask them, and then they will help us, so you can understand, because it is a bit harder for deaf children like us to understand. it's noisy in the classroom, so, like, we can go into the unit and hear what the teacher is saying. i used to open my report and i didn't really get any stuff, but now me and olly and riley have so much support, it's just upgraded so much. across the county some support services for deaf and visually impaired children are changing, and there is some concern. the support they get
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is really, really good. certainly here. and important? absolutely crucial, absolutely crucial. and it needs to continue. hampshire county council says the changes it's making to the services some children get is about using its budget in the most cost—effective way, making sure support is tailored and targeted, so those who need it get it. but there is no doubt across the country council budgets are under enormous pressure. with vital services squeezed, it's claimed that one in three councils will soon struggle to make the sums add up. certainly this year on some councils, but in the next two years on most of them you will start seeing reductions in the core service stuff, so around adult social care, children's services, there will be people whose outcomes in their life will be worse because that money is missing. have a great day. forfamilies like phoebe's it's a worry. at 1a she's keen to be independent, despite being severely visually impaired. hampshire support teams help her stay in mainstream school and learn vital skills
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like using a cane, but she is concerned for the future. i am like in the middle of my gcses so that would not be good to have less support during that, and also for the children who are younger than me, who haven't started school yet, how they are going to manage in the future. the government says it's up to councils to manage their resources and it's given them access to more funds this year than last, including extra for the most vulnerable. but it hasn't stopped many worrying about the services they depend on. alex forsyth, bbc news, hampshire. an extraordinary match on the opening day of wimbledon. a 15—year—old american schoolgirl has knocked out venus williams, the seven times grand slam winner, in straight sets. cori gauff, who's coached by her dad, is the youngest player ever to qualify for the main draw at wimbledon. natalie pirks is in sw19.
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last week cori gauff had to take a science test but unlike other teenagers it was in the middle of wimbledon qualifying. she breezed through a bat to set up a dream tie against her heroine and now is the youngest woman to win in the first run since 1991 she got a b in that test but her performance to date was a. the first cork popped marks the start of a quintessential british fortnight, and this time the weather is playing ball. so was 15—year—old cori gauff. and how. a kiss from dad and coco, as she is known, was on her way out for her grand slam debut. and as she faced off against her idol, five times wimbledon champion venus williams, she could be forgiven for pinching herself. instead she was the very picture of composure. 39—year—old venus may well have taken a moment to contemplate her own stratospheric rise at the same age.
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the baton was being handed over. it's a dream debut for the 15—year—old! the joy etched on the faces of her parents caused her own to crumble, a reminder she'sjust 15. have we witnessed a future champion in the making? after the match i told herjust thank you for everything she did. and i wouldn't be here if it wasn't for her. and i was just telling her that she is so inspiring and i always wanted to tell her that. even though i met her before, i guess now i had the guts to! but it was a different story for naomi osaka. the us and australian open champion was one of the pretournament favourites. today it looked as if expectation was weighing heavily on her shoulders as she became the first big shock of the tournament, losing to a jubilant world number 39, yulia putintseva, in straight sets. no such worries for novak djokovic. as is customary, the defending champion got us started
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on centre court, breezing past german philipp kohlschreiber in straight sets. and a straight sets victory was also par for the course for kyle edmund against spain's jaume munar. the british number one looked quite at home here. eight other britons get their chance tomorrow. natalie pirks, bbc news, wimbledon. that's it. now on bbc one — it's time for the news where you are. good night.
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hello and welcome to sportsday, i'm ben croucher. remember the name. cori gauff. the 15—year—old announces herself to the tennis world by stunning venus williams at wimbledon. to the tennis world by stunning kyle edmund avoids a first round shock with a straight sets win overjaume munar. and ahead of their world cup semi final against the usa, england's lucy bronze tells us why she feels right at home in lyon.


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