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tv   Newsday  BBC News  July 2, 2019 1:00am-1:31am BST

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i'm karishma vaswani, in hong kong, where the chief executive, carrie lam, has promised to take a hard line against the protestors who stormed and ransacked parliament. this is something that we should seriously condemn because nothing is more important than the rule of law in hong kong. police ended the eight—hour occupation, evicting hundreds of activists. but the damage remains. many in the opposition are starting to ask questions about the wisdom of these young protesters storming into this building. whether it was really a victory of any sort or, in fact, it has handed a victory to the government. and i'm kasia madera, in london. also in the programme:
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we have a special report from the amazon rainforest, where huge tracts of forests are being wiped out. this is happening all over the amazon to create new farmland and the result is that the great forest has never been under such pressure. this is bbc world news, it's newsday. good morning. it's 8 am in hong kong where chief executive, carrie lam, used a news conference in the early hours of the morning to condemn protesters who stormed the territory's parliament. people are making their way to work after a night of dissidents. as you can see, the shattered glass doors of the parliamentary building are evidence of the violence after protesters ransacked the building. the chief executive carrie lam has
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condemn the protests saying they disregarded the rule of law. the protests coincided with the 22nd annivesary of the handover of power from the uk to china, and the backdrop of continued unrest over a proposed extradite bill that would see people extradited to china to stand trial. rupert wingfield hayes has the latest. exactly 22 years after china took control here, the youth of hong kong today vented their fury, attempting to smash their way into the territory‘s parliament. you can see these more radical activists, they have just broken through the window of the legco building here behind me. they've managed to smash through this toughened glass and they are now trying to get inside the legco building. inside, you can see there are large numbers of riot police. so far they have held back.
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the destruction continued but the police stood by, it looked very much like they had been ordered not to intervene. meanwhile, across town, hundreds of thousands of other hong kongers were on the march, in a second huge anti—government protest. this one was completely peaceful. but even here there was sympathy for those besieging parliament. i understand what they are doing and i thank you to them for taking the risk to go to jail and try to stop the government from handing over all the lives of hong kong people to ccp. back outside parliament, the trashing continued. the police now nowhere to be seen. now they are trying to smash their way through the steel shutters. and the crowd every so often start shouting, "jiayou, jiayou" — means "add oil" —
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in other words, "keep going, keep going". what is the point of this? we only know peaceful protest is not useful any more, at this moment. so you can say it is drawing attention or make some noise to let people know what happens here and let more people know the government is not listening to our peaceful protests. finally, the steel shutters gave way and the protesters poured in. inside, the trashing continued. in the chamber they raised the old british colonial flag. what must the chinese communist government in beijing be thinking as it watches these images? how long till there are mainland chinese troops on the streets of hong kong? outside, the police had now finally massed their forces and, at midnight, they struck
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with a huge barrage of teargas. the police had now suddenly lost their earlier timidity. i am now inside that legislative chamber and, the place has been completely cleared of protesters. the police are now firmly in control. you can still taste and smell teargas into the air here. as we have come into the building, we have seen an enormous amount of damage. this building has been badly trashed and you can see the graffiti on the wall behind me here. already tonight, many in the opposition are starting to ask questions about the wisdom of these young protesters storming into this building, whether it was really a victory of any sort or in fact it has handed a victory to the government. hong kong chief executive carrie lam has held an emergency press conference to condemn the violence. nothing is more important than the rule of law in hong kong so i hope the community at large will agree with us that, with these violent acts
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that we have seen, it is right for us to condemn it and hope society will return to normal. this graffiti calls the government "dogs", another one says, "you forced us to do this". hong kong is now more polarised than at any time since the handover. many are worried this now has gone too far but others are asking what has driven hong kong youth to such violence. rupert wingfield—hayes, bbc news, hong kong. since britain handed over hong kong to china in 1997, the territory has been governed under the principle of "one country, two systems". so what do these protests mean for that system ? our diplomatic correspondent, james landale reports. july 1997, the moment britain handed hong kong over to china.
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the last governor, chris patten, presiding over one final act of empire. a handover whose legacy is still being fought over on the streets of hong kong tonight. it was back in 1984 that britain and china agreed a joint declaration that, in future, hong kong should retain some autonomy and freedom. so, after the handover in 1997, hong kong became a special region of china and the one country two system policy came into force. and that meant that, until 2047, when the declaration expires, hong kong should keep its free markets and independentjudges — at least in theory. frankly, the chinese have been breaking their word on thejoint declaration that they claim that it does not operate after 1997. the british government should make clear in the united nations, in europe, so long as we're there, and elsewhere that it does apply
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for 50 years after 1997 and we're going to be absolutely determined to make sure that china keeps its side of the bargain. the protesters who packed the streets in recent weeks fear hong kong's independence is being threatened by a draft law making it easier for people to be extradited to china and they are looking to britain for support. the joint declaration does stand and i would urge the chinese government to make sure that it abides by the terms of that declaration. but as hong kong beleaguered government marked the anniversary of the handover, beijing said it was extremely dissatisfied with britain. a foreign ministry spokesman said britain had no responsibility for hong kong and had no right to interfere in what was an internal affair for china. these protests pose a challenge for the government. ministers want to support democracy in britain's old colony, but they also want to keep good relations with china, whose investments they may need after brexit. and violence on the streets of hong
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kong makes both objectives harder. james landale, bbc news, at the foreign office. we are seeing the levels of diplomacy and also saw the damage that was done, an incredible amount of damage that was done. it is just really, really... we have seen the damage behind you. talk us through the damage during these hours. damage behind you. talk us through the damage during these hourslj damage behind you. talk us through the damage during these hours. i was here yesterday in the areas outside the legislative council building and it was apparent even than the momentum building up. we saw crowds of protesters gathering outside the legislative council, using trolleys, umbrellas, to break their way through, really ramming them through
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the shattered glass. once they strea m the shattered glass. once they stream them, they found an opening, they streamed in, hundreds of them and left destruction and damage, making their way into the inner chamber. you can see behind me sides of the graffiti. it is the same scene throughout that building. when they finally made it to the inner chamber, they unfold the old colonial flag of chamber, they unfold the old colonialflag of hong kong, defacing on's current flag and also getting read of painters, spray—painting over the chinese republic‘s words. a real show of anger and frustration bya group real show of anger and frustration by a group of protesters who, i have to say, were quite apart from the large majority of people that i met on monday who were largely peaceful, demonstrating and tried to reflect the fact that they do not want their freedoms eroded. we have not heard
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from carrie lam for over a week and yet after all that damage done to the legislative council, legco, the building behind you, she finally felt compelled to spell but it was a rather a bizarre time at four in the morning so not for the local population. you have to ask yourself, why speak at four in the morning would possibly most of the people you want to be talking to our asleep or they have been evicted from the legislative council. she has been criticised by protesters for not addressing the issues earlier. what she says anything government's defence is we suspended the unpopular extradition bill and effectively it was withdrawn — that is her line. ultimately the fact that so many young people here, even the ones that do not necessarily agree with the tactics and methods
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of damaging the legislative council building behind me, even those people feel they have not been listened to and the government, particularly carrie lam, is ignoring them and that is why you're seeing this rising discontent and rising anger notjust this rising discontent and rising anger not just about this extradition bill because of course thatis extradition bill because of course that is just the icing on the cake but along running sense of unease in the city about how hong kong is feel about how china is having a greater influence. i wonder whether she was doing that press conference for an international community because of course the whole world is watching. beijing is undoubtedly watching events very closely. let's have a look how this is being seen in china. the bbc‘sjohn sudworth is there. china is allergic to displays of popular will, even more so civil disobedience. it's big fear, of course, is contagion and, with that in mind, it has been doing everything it can to make sure that people here,
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in mainland china, know as little as possible about what is going on. censorship has gone into overdrive. images of the protests are being blocked, even the term "hong kong" is being filtered on social media. that said, i think, for now china will be happy to allow the hong kong authorities to deal with it. they will be relieved that the police have, once again, restored order. but make no mistake, beijing is watching very, very closely. it is already defining this as an issue of sovereignty, warning foreign powers to back off. and to pick up on something james mentioned in his report there, in response to comments from the british foreign secretary talking about safeguarding hong kong's special status, a foreign ministry spokesperson here today want him to stop meddling. "we advise the uk to know its place," he said. and you can keep up to date with the latest developments in hong kong, following the protests on the bbc website.
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you'll also find analysis of the chief executive's reaction, and a feature on the background to the demonstrations, that's all at bbc.com/news. you're watching newsday, live from hong kong and london on the bbc. a special addition. still to come on the programme: we hearfrom our correspondent, who was inside hong kong's legislative council building as protesters broke in. china marked its first day of rule in hong kong with a series of spectacular celebrations. a huge firework display was held in the former colony. the chinese president, jiang zemin, said unification was the start of a new era for hong kong. the world's first clone has been produced of an adult mammal. scientists in scotland have produced a sheep called dolly that was cloned
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in a laboratory using a cell of another sheep. for the first time in 20 years, russian and american spacecraft have docked in orbit at the start of a new era of cooperation in space. challenger powered past the bishop rock lighthouse at almost 50 knots, shattering a record that had stood for 34 years. and there was no hiding the sheer elation of richard branson and his crew. hello, a warm welcome to this best solution of newsday. —— special edition. i'm kasia madera in london. our top stories: hong kong's chief executive has condemned the protestors who stormed and ransacked parliament.
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hundreds of activists occupied the legislative council for hours, spraying graffiti, defacing the territory's emblem and raising the old british colonial flag. we'll continue to montor events in hong kong but now let's take a moment to update you on some of the day's other major stories. international inspectors have confirmed that iran has breached the 2015 nuclear deal. its stockpile of enriched uranium now exceeds agreed limits. the united nations has called on tehran to stick to its commitments but iran says the us abandoned the deal last year. also making news today: the latest attempt by european union leaders to agree on who should fill the bloc‘s main posts has ended in failure. they'll try again in brussels. a number of key roles are up for grabs, including the post of european commision president. southern japan has been hit by a torrential downpour that brought 14 inches of rain in just 24 hours, triggering landslides and road closures.
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according to local media, kagoshima prefecture and other areas have been given evacuation advisories that affect over 1.2 million people. the wimbledon tennis tournament is under way and 15—year—old cori gauff has caused a major, major, major upset by beating former champion venus williams. the american teenager beat her 39—year—old opponent in straight sets. elsewhere, the number two seed in the women's draw, japan's naomi osaka has also been knocked out. now to a shocking statistic. every 60 seconds, an area the size of a football pitch of the amazon rainforest in brazil, is being cut down. every 60 seconds. there's been an aggressive increase in deforestation since the election of president bolsonaro injanuary, according to officials there. our science editor david shukman travelled to the amazon and sent this report.
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the rich greens of the most vibrant habitat on earth. the billions of trees store so much carbon, they help to slow down global warming. they're also home to an amazing tenth of all species in the natural world, some unnerving... others, adorable. but the sight of bare earth and dead trunks is becoming more common, with huge tracts of forest wiped out. my footsteps and distant bird song are the only sounds. it's tragic to see this close up. over the decades, field by field, many trees have made way for agriculture, but that's set to speed up because of a massive push for development. the new president of brazil, jair bolsonaro, was elected on a promise to exploit the amazon. he's delighted his supporters by saying too much of the forest is protected. his environment officials are deeply worried, but he has banned them
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from saying anything in public. you're trying to save the forest. so we have to meet this official in secret. his face hidden and voice changed, he says the government is trying to cover up the loss of the forest. and the scale of the deforestation he describes is staggering. up here, at the top of this 50 metre high observation tower, the view is just phenomenal, out over what looks like a great ocean of green. this is the canopy of the largest rainforest in the world. the problem is that more and more of it is being chopped down. it's hard to believe,
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but an area the size of a football pitch is being cleared every single minute. what that means is that forests that could cover more than 2,000 pitches is just vanishing every day, and all the signs are that this rate of devastation will accelerate. cattle are the biggest single reason the trees are cleared. they're grazing on land that used to be forest. brazilian beef is in big demand all over the world and the president's vision of expanding agriculture here has delighted the farmers, like this man who says other countries cut their forests down long ago. farming on an industrial scale has already reached the amazon, but the government wants to see more of it, and to weaken the laws protecting the forest. we asked to interview two ministers about this, but they both refused. a line often heard here is that only brazil can decide what do with the forest, no—one else. but the fact is, the more trees
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are cut down, the more we lose one of the few things holding back the rise in global temperatures. so what happens here in the coming years matters far beyond brazil. david shuckman, bbc news, in the amazon. let's return now to our top story,o ur reporter nick beake —— our, was on the scene at hong kong's parliament when police entered the building. hundreds of protesters ransacked the building overnight. here's some of his reporting after he made it inside. this is the place where thousands of protesters today took siege, putting up barricades. you can see the graffiti on the wall. they were here, trying to break into different entrances. let's see if we can take you just inside. let's go through here, danny.
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this is one of the government buildings, normally it would be a highly secure area. it's been completely trashed. for instance, there, the whole place has been ripped apart. if we go into one of these other entrances, this is where the place where politicians, the people who make the decisions in this city would be coming to work every day. and if we just take you inside, this is where some of the protesters went through. there is an eerie silence and there isa there is an eerie silence and there is a smell in the area, that's probably the teargas that was fired. come forward. these are other members of the media having the same idea as us, trying to get through, just listening to the police. you can imagine at some point they will be making their way inside here. more graffiti, daubed on the wall, we are very much at the bottom of the building here. i would assume the fact that you have so many numbers of officers here, the protesters remain nearby.
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as you saw, he got into legco, you can see the amount of damage there. i want to pick up on that point. iam nowjoined by victoria hui, a faculty fellow at liu institute for asia and asian studies at the university of notre—dame. have they undermined their cause by causing so much damage in legco? these are the words that carrie lam wa nts to these are the words that carrie lam wants to tell the world. she held a press c0 nfe re nce wants to tell the world. she held a press conference at 4am hong kong time because he wanted to make her narrative known to the entire international media, especially the us and europe. so this is one thing. but then they also have two look at what extent the violence has done, people broke a lot of glass and vandalised pictures of high officials. but in the eyes of these
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young protesters who are trying to send a message, they feel they have done everything, they had a 1 million strong march, a 2 million strong march, they have gone into headquarters, three people have committed suicide. they think they have done everything and they couldn't achieve anything, this is them driven to desperation. in 2014, before the umbrella movement, there was also a crowd movement in taiwan where young people also stormed into the legco they are and eventually they were all released, they all had they were all released, they all had the charges against them dropped. they were all released, they all had the charges against them droppedm hong kong police had wanted to stop them from getting into legco, it seemed that they could have stopped them, surely. definitely. all over them, surely. definitely. all over the news today in hong kong is
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accusations of police using this against them, essentially they wa nted against them, essentially they wanted to create this site. indeed, at midnight, when the police return, they cleared the site within 15 minutes or so. so why would they then just stand back? minutes or so. so why would they thenjust stand back? they minutes or so. so why would they then just stand back? they wanted then just stand back? they wanted the protesters in the legislative council. another piece of evidence thatis council. another piece of evidence that is very interesting is that some people, they you look at the police announcement, it was made at 9:30pm and then the young protesters stormed into the legislative council building at 9pm, but the whites in the media was that 5:30 p.m.. so it all the media was that 5:30 p.m.. so it a ll start the media was that 5:30 p.m.. so it all start like that. 0k, we're going to have delivered there doctor victoria hui from the university of notre—dame. it looks like once again we have seen that destruction, we saw the damage, the protesters, we
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heard from carrie lam, thank you so much fraud being across everything taking place in hong kong. do stay with us on bbc news to give updated with us on bbc news to give updated with developments. —— keep updated. hello again, our weather is pretty quiet to be honest. for many of us it's going to stay dry with spells of sunshine. in europe, cooler atlantic air is meeting the extreme heatwave. we have these massive thunderstorms that have developed. there is a risk of damaging winds, flash flooding, but we also have some thicker cloud working into scotland and northern ireland at the moment and that will continue to provide the focus of a few showers in northern scotland over the next few hours. but otherwise, if you heading outside in the next hour or two, it is most likely to be dry and not too cold, most temperatures
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between 9— 12 degrees. tuesday's weather picture, we will have those showers continue across northern scotland, not as many as we had on monday, so more of us will have dry weather. quite cloudy for most of us in western scotland and northern ireland. there will be some sunshine in eastern scotland and england and wales. a day similar to monday and that there should be some lengthy spells of sunshine around, staying dry. temperatures in the high teens to low 20s, the exceptions of the northern isles are temperatures are still a little on the cool side. it's another dry day at wimbledon and again there should be some spells of sunshine coming and going through the day, really. in the middle part of the week, our area of high pressure is still firmly in charge of our weather and that means more in the way of dry weather. there could be a few showers just sneaking in across the extreme north of scotland where there would be a bit of cloud. but the more broken cloud there is the more sunshine there will be. temperatures similar, really, 18—22, still a little cool up north with just 12.
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there will be some changes as we head into thursday. our area of high pressure slips a little bit further west, that allows some rain to come into scotland, when scotland gets wet, for england and wales gets a bit warmer with the winds coming a little further southwards around this high pressure and then across england and wales, boosting the temperatures here. now the rain in scotland is likely to be notjust heavy, but also pretty persistent, lasting for most of the day with those totals relly building up in the highlands. could get a bit of rain in northern ireland, that's a bit of an uncertainty there, but england and wales stays dry. it gets warmer than 25 celsius on thursday in london, turning a tad more humid. similar conditions on friday, we see a lot of fine weather as we head into the weekend. that's your weather.
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i'm kasia madera, with bbc news. our top story: hong kong's chief executive, carrie lam, has condemned protestors who stormed the parliament building. pro—democracy activists forced their way into the legislative council, occupying it for several hours. they're angry at plans to allow extradition to mainland china. mrs lam said their behaviour was unacceptable. there are calls for iran to reverse its decision to breach the limit on its stockpile of enriched uranium, set under the 2015 nuclear deal. the us says it will continue its policy of exerting maximum pressure on tehran. and this story is trending on bbc.com. 15—year—old cori gauff has caused a major shock at wimbledon by beating former champion, venus williams. the american teenager beat her opponent in straight sets. congratulations to her. goodbye from me. and the top story in the uk:

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