the best of the temperatures and the highest will be in the west. as for the new week, we continue on that fine and dry note for monday. it starts to turn more showery for the north come tuesday. good afternoon. the mail on sunday has published more leaked diplomatic correspondence from britain's former ambassador in washington — defying warnings from scotland yard that media organisations could be prosecuted for doing so. in one of the cables, sir kim darroch suggests that president trump pulled out of the iran nuclear deal last year
to spite barack obama. our political correspondent helena wilkinson reports. near last year, boris johnson near last year, borisjohnson as foreign secretary goes to washington and meets his us counterpart. his mission, to persuade the us president to soften his stance and stick with the iran deal. he appeared on talk shows. but efforts failed, donald trump did not listen, he withdrew from the deal. no new confidential emails printed in the mail on sunday reveal what was allegedly going on behind the scenes. sir kim darroch wrote to mr johnson seeing the administration is set upon an act of diplomatic vandalism seemingly for ideological and personality reasons. under the deal, iran had agreed to limit
nuclear activities, a trade—off for us economic sanctions to be lifted. donald trump didn't think it went far enough. boris johnson failed donald trump didn't think it went far enough. borisjohnson failed in trying to persuade him and he has been criticised by those who feel he didn't do enough to support sir kim darroch, who has since resigned. didn't do enough to support sir kim darroch, who has since resignedm was wrong for it to be leaked, it was wrong for it to be leaked, it was wrong for president trump to behave like a toddler, it was wrong for theresa may to be as weak as she was but the villain of the piece is borisjohnson. was but the villain of the piece is boris johnson. the focus has shifted toa boris johnson. the focus has shifted to a row over press freedom in britain, whether it was right for the paper to publish the emails. scotla nd the paper to publish the emails. scotland yard has issued a warning, if you publish leaked government documents you are at risk of committing a crime. comments that have been condemned.” committing a crime. comments that have been condemned. i do not think the mail on sunday was wrong to publish them. we have a precious freedom of press legislation here so
i think we have the right balance. for whoever becomes the next prime minister and they will have to pick up minister and they will have to pick up the pieces of this diplomatic fallout. in the meantime it's a criminal investigation into who lea ked criminal investigation into who leaked the emails. a 25—year—old man has been charged with the murder of a pregnant woman in south london, and the manslaughter of her baby son. kelly mary fauvrelle was attacked at her home in south london two weeks ago. navtej johal reports. kelly mary fauvrelle was eight months pregnant when she was fatally stabbed at her home in croydon in an attack last month. her son, who was delivered by paramedics at the scene, also died a few days later in hospital. police were called to her house in the early hours of the morning, where she was in cardiac arrest, and died at the scene. her family, including her mother and
baby nephew, were all at home at the time of the attack. today, police have charged aaron mckenzie with her murder and manslaughter of her child. 25—year—old has also been charged with one count of possession of offensive weapon. he is one of three men arrested over the deaths. 37—year—old was released with no further action by the 29—year—old has been bailed until next month. aaron mckenzie is due to appear in front of magistrates tomorrow. the home office has confirmed it wants to press ahead with plans to place a legal duty on public bodies such as schools to identify and act on signs of serious youth violence. the "public health duty", as it's called, is part of a government strategy to reduce knife crime and other violence. the united nations has called for the dismantling of all detention centres for refugees in libya, saying the facilities are not fit to house migrants. the appeal comes two weeks
after more than 50 people were killed in an airstrike on a holding facility in the capital, tripoli. england and new zealand are battling it out, in the cricket world cup final at lord's, with high hopes that england could make history by winning it for the first time. our sports correspondentjoe wilson is watching the action. from cape town to colombo, from brisbane to bangalore, some have followed english cricket around the globe, waiting for a damp morning like this in london, where cricket ta kes like this in london, where cricket takes over the streets and the hearts and minds. and england are world champions, just one game to play. martin gupta has the ability to get the ball flying to boundary. he has not done it much during this world cup but timing is everything.
the 20th ball of the game, he was gone for 19, chris woakes the wicket taker, the turn into. and if all looks good. new zealand couldn't hang around. they overs were by. steady and sensible as their normal style. accumulate runs instead and set a meaningful total was the method of new zealand's batting and they were doing it ok. nothing to worry and can't yet. the site of ben stokes limping was a concern. the big question was when and if new zealand would really risk an attack. the new zealand captain is one of the world's very best batsman and when he succeeds normally so do his team. the new zealand innings is now 23 overs old approaching the halfway stage and the latest score is new zealand 103—2. that is significant
because kane williamson, the new zealand captain, is out. he made 30. williamson so often as the anchor for new zealand. we have seen that throughout this world cup, almost on his shoulders have stood new zealand's success or failure. new zealand's success or failure. new zealand are doing 0k, ticking over at the run rate of around four or 4.5 which might get them to a total of 250 260 which is not massive but we can guess later this afternoon it will be for england test of their nerve. and of course, the other huge sports story of the day is the men's tennis final at wimbledon, where roger federer will shortly be taking on world no i and defending champion novak djokovic. andy swiss is there for us now, andy. welcome to wimbledon, and what if i know we have in store. djokovic
against federer. on peter djokovic is the favourite. he is the world number one, the top seed who has looked so impressive throughout the tournament, but federer is a legend here at wimbledon and he can take huge encouragement from his thrilling victory in the semi—finals of the rafael nadal. both players are ready for the challenge. i feel really good, you know? i must say, i've recovered well after the match against rafa. it's not been a difficult tournament physically for me, and important is just for me to really get up for that final, take the confidence i gained from this tournament so far and just remind myself we have one more match to go. always dreamt of winning the wimbledon trophy. i had that privilege to win it four times, and find myself in another finals. it's the most unique final of any tournament in the world, really.
what in that it should be, and among the thousands watching here today are the duke and duchess of cambridge. the duchess of cambridge is one of the patrons at wimbledon. if federer wins he will equal martina navratilova's all—time record of nine wimbledon singles titles, so it should be some occasion. you can see more on all of today's stories on the bbc news channel. the next news on bbc one is at 6:35pm. bye for now.
but because they are hard. so said presidentjohn f kennedy in 1962. on july the 16th, 1969, three astronauts, neil armstrong, edwin "buzz" aldrin, and michael collins, made ready to fulfil that promise as they prepared for apollo 11. the first crewed mission to land on the moon. three men to represent the culmination of a dream. here at nasa in houston, texas, mission control monitored every aspect of the moon shot. these days it's used to monitor the international space station, the actual control room used for the apollo 11 mission is undergoing a bit of a refurb in honour of the 50th anniversary. marcos flores is one of the current mission controllers for the iss. there was no guarantee that apollo ii was going to be successful. i mean, it was really cutting edge,
dangerous stuff, wasn't it? yeah, definitely. there was a lot of risk involved in the missions themselves and how dangerous they were, but also a lot of unknowns in terms of being able to successfully land on the moon. the 36—storey tall saturn v moves out of its huge assembly building and heads for the launchpad. to build the launch vehicle, nasa contracted boeing, north american aviation, the douglas aircraft company, and ibm to help build a rocket that would end up being the biggest and most powerful ever built. call that a rocket? this is a rocket. inside here is the saturn v rocket. stage i gets you off the launchpad and up to a speed of 6000 mph.
two and a half minutes later all of this fuel is burnt. you don't want to carry an empty casing into space so you ditch it to save on weight. then five rocket engines in stage 2 ignite and send you into the upper atmosphere. at 115 miles up all that fuel is gone, too. you ditch the second stage. and this rocket on stage 3 fires you around the earth and into orbit. then it powers down and, a little while later, it restarts. this time it sends you to the moon. so here's the thing. that bit there.
that's where the people sit. all the rest of it is fuel. laughter while the rocket was incredibly powerful, so, at the time, was the computing power required for the apollo programme. even though in popular culture the computers of the day, which in this case were giant mainframes, are often compared unfavourably to contemporary technology. the 360 75 that we used was a i mip machine — one million instructions per second. and it had i meg of real memory ori million bytes of real memory and 4 million bytes of auxiliary memory. the numbers you hearfor the iphone that i own are anywhere from 10,000 times as fast as that to even a million to maybe even — i think i've seen one that was 100 million times as fast.
homer programmes the actual code used for the descent and ascent of the lunar landing module. and onjuly the 20th 1969 it kicked in, as neil armstrong piloted the lunar lander onto the moon's surface. we've had shut down. the eagle has landed. at 0239 hours armstrong exited the landing module and uttered the immortal phrase. that's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. now, as any good tourist knows, photos are a must. armstrong and aldrin also left
a plaque and a flag. and took a phone call from president richard nixon. hello, neil and buzz, i'm talking to you by telephone from the oval room at the white house. and this certainly has to be the most historic phone call ever made. and what did we learn from the apollo missions that we still use today? we are leveraging a lot of the experience that we gained with the vehicles themselves in terms of the rocket design, the capsule design, and what it takes for us to safely, you know, send that body up to space and bring it back down. a recent poll suggests that one in six britons believe the moon landing was staged. in the age of the internet, conspiracy theories run rampant, and claiming the moon landings were a hoax is at the head
of the pack. companies like nvidia have tried to use technology to prove the moon landings did happen. they built a 3d render using a powerful graphics processing unit, which realistically represents how light behaves on the moon, debunking popular conspiracy theory about the lighting in the moon landing images being wrong. well, we decided to do some digging on our own and examine the evidence that proves, yes, human beings have landed on the moon. jonathan swift, the famous novelist, satirist — "reasoning will never make a man correct an ill opinion by which reasoning he never acquired." if someone has an unreasonable opinion about something, based on nonsense, it doesn't matter how much reasoning you do with them, you're never going to reason them out of it, because reason didn't get them there to begin with. there are the famous ones, that you know, the fact that they didn't actually go to the moon, actually launched the rocket and orbited the earth,
for a few times, pretended they went to the moon, and came home. oh, radiation, that's the other one. there is no way they could have gone through the deadly van allen belt that surrounds planet earth. there's the anomalies with the photographs, all of which are ridiculous. stanley kubrick directed it in a film set in area 51, somewhere in the desert. the technology to fake the moon landings did not exist in 1969. the technology did exist to get to the moon in 1969 — just. radio: three feet down, 2.5, picking up some dust. big shadow, it's different but it's very pretty out here. the lunar surface cameras were based on our 500 el systems. we had many modifications. the viewfinders, and the mirror system, all of this was removed to save weight, which then locked into a chest bracket on the astronauts suit. and it was literally moving their body, tilting their body,
to frame up the images. you can't see any stars because the contrast range of the surface images is too high. if it's a bright day and you stand outside a house and open the door to the house and look in, you can't see any of the detail because it's too bright where you are. so this is as close as a modern equivalent as we would have. it has a 100 megapixel sensor. if we took it to the surface today would not be able to capture stars and lunar surface detail in the same image. radio: 0h gee, that's great. is the lighting here decent? one of the issues of doing it in a studio is the dust on the moon. and when there is no atmosphere, dust behaves differently to when there atmosphere. so now you would have to have a studio that you evacuated and had a vacuum in. the lunar mission comes as a climax of the space race that the united states and soviet union have been competing in since the mid—
1950s for technological and scientific supremacy. the soviets possessed advanced tracking capabilities of their own, and have used them to track icbm missiles as well as spaceflight. so their inability to detect a conspiracy of this nature seems unlikely. moreover, they would have had every incentive to expose this in order to score a major propaganda victory. apollo engineers were very well aware of the van allen belt. a, it wasn't in them for very long, and b, it charted a course actually where the van allen belt it is quite weak anyway. you would think that having moon rocks on the earth would be living proof that the conspiracy theories can be debunked. those rocks are still being studied today. some of them are sealed up, never yet been touched, because the scientists, even back in the '60s in the '70s, knew that technology would get better with time and they would be able to make new scientific discoveries. we have, left by the apollo astronauts on the moon,
retro reflectors, these are passive experiments, where, a bit like cat's eyes, we can fire a laser at them. bounce lasers from the earth to the moon to understand the changing behaviours of the moon and its orbit. it is sadly not enough for the deniers, they will always see conspiracy. while conspiracies have been around for decades, they certainly have a new lease on life in the age of the internet. things like facebook groups, let all these disparate ideas where people come together and find each other in a way we have never had before. so the romans had conspiracy theories, theyjust didn't have the internet. now we still have conspiracy theories, because we are humans and our brains are fallible, and we have the internet, it's a perfect storm. that is it for the short cut of click. there's loads more brilliant space stuff in the full—length version. that is waiting for you on iplayer. and next week we will be back
to look even further into space. thanks for watching. and we will see you soon. hello there. after the earlier rain across south—east england, including at lord's, it is now drying up behind with high pressure around. although there are a couple of showers further north that have developed across yorkshire and lincolnshire. i wouldn't like to rule out a shower just about anywhere but it is a slim chance for lord's. for the rest of play, it should be fine and bright. some strong sunshine coming through. it is a similar picture for wimbledon. those are the showers we saw in the south, there are some developing
across the hills of northern england and they could drift southwards but they will be few and far between. there could be one or two sharp ones elsewhere. by and large, dry and bright sums it up for the vast majority. light winds, means it will feel lovely and warm in the sunshine apart from the coastline. there will be a keen north—easterly breeze tempering the feel of things. elsewhere, low 20s for most of us and warmer than yesterday for scotla nd and northern ireland notably. the evening and overnight period sees the showers diminishing but we pick up low cloud of the north sea coming into eastern parts of scotland and england, limiting the temperature fall. this morning we started at 3—4 in parts of wales and under the starry skies in rural areas, it could be quite cool first thing monday morning. otherwise we will see plenty of strong july sunshine. we have got cloud in the north of scotland and east of england, it takes its time to clear but the winds are easing so hopefully the sunshine will get to work.
temperatures will be up a degree or so on today for scotland, northern ireland and western areas under the influence of high pressure. that all starts to change as we head towards the middle part of the week, low pressure looks more ominous. for tuesday, although fine and dry for most, there could be the odd mountain shower for wales but primarily northern ireland and scotland will see the initial unsettled showery weather starting to materialise. warm though, 21, 22, and getting warmer further east because we cut off the northerly breeze. the weather fronts look a little bit more potent as we head towards wednesday and by the end of the week they will start to influence areas further south. initially, the north sea has more unsettled weather coming in mid week. friday and saturday, the rain in the south. goodbye.
this is bbc news, i'm ben brown. the headlines: more leaked memos from britain's former ambassador to washington suggest president trump scrapped the iran nuclear deal to spite barack obama. a man is charged with the murder of kelly mary fauvrelle — the 26—year—old who was eight months pregnant when she was fatally stabbed at home. the chancellor philip hammond warns that the uk will not be able to control key elements of a no—deal brexit. close! close to my surely, this time! yeah, that's out! three wickets for england so far at lord's, as new zealand make a steady start to the cricket world cup final. a stand—off in hong kong between pro—democracy campaigners and police.