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tv   BBC News  BBC News  August 6, 2019 4:00am-4:31am BST

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figures this is bbc news — welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. my name's mike embley. as america mourns all those who died in two mass shootings — president trump condemns extremism but stops short of announcing tighter gun controls. north korea conducts its fourth weapons test in two weeks — reports say it's fired two unidentified projectiles into the sea. world markets see a downturn after the us treasury officially names china a currency manipulator. pakistan accuses india of playing a dangerous game after it strips the disputed region
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of kashmir of its special status. hello. after a weekend of mass shootings that left 31 dead in ohio and texas, president trump has announced he'll visit el paso on wednesday. the attack there is being investigated as domestic terrorism. in an address to the nation, mr trump condemned hatred and white supremacy, and called for reform of mental health and gun laws. his language, from a prepared script, was in sharp contrast with his rhetoric on twitter and at public rallies and, in a rare statement, former president barack obama has called on americans to reject language from any of their leaders that feeds a climate of fear or normalises racism. our north america editor sopel reports. we've been here before, we'll be here again. another heart—wrenching vigil in an american city where deadly gun violence has made an unwelcome intrusion. in the midst of this darkness, there were also
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stories of immense heroism. specialist soldier glendon oakley rescued many children, but he's haunted by the ones he couldn't save. i understand it was heroic, and i'm looked at as a hero for it, but that wasn't the reason for me. i'm just focused on the kids that i could not get. these deaths at the hands of the alleged killer, patrick crusius, brought a more reflective donald trump to the podium at the white house, and he was unequivocal. this was a monstrous evil. the shooter in el paso posted a manifesto online, consumed by racist hate. in one voice, our nation must condemn racism, bigotry and white supremacy. these sinister ideologies must be defeated. hate has no place in america. he called for a new spirit
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of bipartisanship, but did not offer any new gun control measures. the focus needed to be on the people who got hold of them. we must reform our mental health laws to better identify mentally disturbed individuals who may commit acts of violence, and make sure those people not only get treatment but, when necessary, involuntary confinement. mental illness and hatred pulls the trigger, not the gun. but democrats say the president's own language when it comes to race and immigration at rallies like this one in the florida panhandle has helped create a toxic climate. this is an invasion! when you see these caravans are starting out with 20,000 people, that an invasion. but how do you stop these people? you can't. laughter that's only in the panhandle you can
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get away with that statement! but today from the president, the language is of a need for unity. the same words being spoken at the vigils. there's too much hate everywhere. we've heard calls before of the need for everyone to come together, but in the past in washington, those words have tended to fall on deaf ears. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. cbs news correspondent hilary lane is in el paso and gave me more details about reaction to presdient trump's speech. different responses from republicans and democrats, many congratulating the presidents for coming out and making a speech in condemning hate but democrats are not satisfied the president did not come out
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and support for major gun reform and that is what the democrats really wanted to see. another thing that president trump said is that he wants to package gun reform with immigration reform and for democrats, that is a nonstarter. how serious do you think you might be about changing the gun laws at all? he's gone near it before and walked back from it. it's really tough to say. in his speech, he said something needs to be done and americans are so traumatised and so scared, so many people from all of these mass shootings that have happened, dozens of people dead in a week but the democrats say the president is not serious enough. the top democrat, senator chuck schumer, talked about bringing congress back to talk about gun reform so many are saying president trump did not go far enough in calling for major gun reform but republicans are saying
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he addressed it and something needs to be done again, they want that tied to immigration reform that is going to be hard for democrats to agree to. hillary lane of cbs news, in el paso. let's get some of the day's other news. a florida man has been sentenced to 20 years in jail for mailing explosives to prominent democrats including hillary clinton and barack obama. cesar sayoc pleaded guilty in march to 30 criminal charges. in october, just weeks before the congressional mid—term elections, he sent pipes filled with explosives and wires to 13 people. he'd been living in a white van decorated with stickers glorifying president trump. mr trump has called the plot "despicable." the government of bashar al—assad and his russian allies have resumed air strikes on idlib in north—west syria, according to the syrian 0bservatory for human rights. there was meant to be a truce, under a deal between turkey and russia last year, to create a buffer zone. but officials in damascus claim anti—government forces in the province have not kept to an agreement to withdraw their heavy weapons.
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a town close to a military base in siberia has been evacuated, after a fire broke out in the ammunition store and sparked a series of huge explosions. this video — posted by eye witnesses on social media — shows a huge ball of fire on the horizon. it's thought 7 people have been injured, including 4 soldiers. north korea has fired two unidentified projectiles. it's the fourth weapons test in just two weeks.south korea's military puts the site of the latest launch as south hwanghae province, so the projectiles had to fly across the peninsula before landing in the sea. north korea has expressed anger at the annual military exercises between south korea and the united states which are currently underway. tuesday's launch is just the most recent example of north korea's increased military posturing. at the end ofjuly, the country fired two missiles into the sea ofjapan as a warning
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against what pyongyang called south korean warmongers. six days later, a further two missiles were launched, flying 250 kilometers before falling into the sea. and then this past friday, two more were fired. analysts say they were a new type of short—range missile. 0ur correspondent laura bicker, in the south korean capital, explains what is different about this latest launch. these kind of missiles are similar to the short—range missiles tested a few weeks ago. it means they are designed to fly low and very fast and analysts believe north korea is developing weapons capable of avoiding detection by radar and avoiding being shot down by the kind of missile defence systems that are based here in south korea. either way, north korea is developing weapons despite being able to talk to south korea and the united states. these kind of tests are always the way of north korea saying, look, we're to tell you something here and it might well be that trying to push the united states and prod the trump administration
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into talks. so far, donald trump has brushed these off, the short—range missile tests. other countries do them, he said, but how long does the united states turned its back on how far is north korea prepared to go to kind of prod the united states into action? laura bicker there. the us treasury has officially named china a currency manipulator, a statement which will intensify tensions between the world's two largest economies. this after a sharp fall in the value of the chinese yuan against the dollar — which has caught markets around the world off—guard. with me is our business reporter, ramzan karmali. it's called people in the hot because usually the government in beijing supports the current —— currency. the fact that on monday the chinese decided not to support the chinese decided not to support the yuan, in the current at its wea kest level the yuan, in the current at its weakest level in over a decade and
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com pletely weakest level in over a decade and completely shocked the markets. wall street saw its worst day $700 billion is wiped off the stock markets. the snp and the dour downer at 3%. apple, biba 5%. despite tensions to biggest economies in the world or mooring to traders intentions in the gulf. falling stock markets also bring good news for the bond markets so the 10— year treasury notes saw its yield fault to their lowest level since president trump became, took obvious. the relationship between prices and yields on bonds, so the prices and yields on bonds, so the price goes up, the bonds yield goes down. all asian indices were down. a
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flight down. all asian indices were down. a flight to quality, flight to safety. the japanese yen is stronger. gold is heading back towards $1500 an ounce. some are also seeking refuge in crypto currencies. bitcoin is trading at around $12,000. interesting that people are seeing different places to put their money. investors are finally starting to grasp, but potential for the trade war. these stock markets are really suffering because of that. in the last few hours, we've seen intervention from the people's bank in china which have set a slightly stronger level for the yuan, reference rate slightly stronger than what people expected. they are still generally down. stay with us on bbc news. still to come, virtual veterans — why age is no barrier when it comes to exploring
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a different reality. the question was whether we want to save our people and japanese as well and win the war, or whether we want to take a chance on being able to win the war by killing all our young men. the invasion began at 2:00 this morning. mr bush, like most other people, was clearly caught by surprise. we call for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all iraqi forces. 100 years old and still full of vigour, vitality and enjoyment of life. no other king or queen in british history has lived so long, and the queen mother is said to be quietly very pleased indeed that she's achieved this landmark anniversary. this is a pivotal moment
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for the church as an international movement. the question now is whether the american vote will lead to a split in the anglican community. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: as america mourns all those who died in two mass shootings, president trump condemns extremism but stops short of announcing tighter gun controls. north korea conducts its fourth weapons test in two weeks — reports say it's fired two unidentified projectiles into the sea. pakistan has condemned as illegal the indian government's decision to revoke part of the constitution that gives special status to indian—administered kashmir. there are fears of unrest, because until now, india, with its hindu majority, has guaranteed significant autonomy 0ur for a muslim majority state. jammu and kashmir is a disputed mountainous region along the india—pakistan border. among the scrapped provisions is one
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which prevented indians from other states settling in the region. from delhi, yogita limaye reports. an uneasy quiet in kashmir — its people under lockdown at its future was being decided hundreds of kilometres away. with one dramatic announcement in parliament, the specialist status kashmir had held for 70 years was revoked by a direct presidential order. this is a black monday, this is a dark day. there was an uproar among opposition mps, who called the move unconstitutional. shouting but among supporters of the decision, it was time to celebrate. one of the big election promises made by prime minister modi and his ruling bjp fulfilled.
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if i look at it from the people's perspective, in terms of employment opportunities, in terms of economic opportunities, seeing that development reaches at the grassroots, jammu and kashmir deserves much better so this is about the people of jammu and kashmir. at the time of partition, kashmir was a princely state. it was given a choice to be a part of india or pakistan. it chose the former, on the condition that it could make its own rules and only permanent residents could acquire land in the region. all those privileges have been done away with now and some are angry about how it unfolded. shouting but what has left many in the country in disbelief is the manner in which this was done. no elected representative from kashmir was consulted. here in parliament, mps didn't vote on it. people here are questioning how this was allowed to happen in a democracy. to quell tensions in kashmir, tens of thousands of extra troops
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have been deployed. top politicians have been placed under house arrest. from where she was being held, a former kashmir chief minister spoke to the bbc over the phone. i'm really shocked because i feel this unilateral decision is going to have, you know, far reaching consequences for the whole subcontinent. it's going to be catastrophic. 0n the other side of the de facto border, pakistan protested too, saying it would explore all options to counter the move. this himalayan region that is disputed by both neighbours is at a turning point. yogita limaye, bbc news, delhi. mohamad junaid is associate professor of anthropology at the massachusetts college of liberal arts. he's researched and written on the history and politics of kashmir. thank you very much for your time.
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something like this has long been a demand, the most right—wing hindu nationalist in india. it could be seriously destabilising in this region, couldn't it? yes, absolutely. ever since this constitutional problem, they have made a complete integration of kashmir with the rest of india. it means indian citizens should be able to buy land in kashmir. the kashmiri leaders, the pro— india leaders had decided tojoin leaders, the pro— india leaders had decided to join and endorse leaders, the pro— india leaders had decided tojoin and endorse hindu rulers decision tojoin decided tojoin and endorse hindu rulers decision to join india because they expected india to respect the promises made to the people of kashmir at the time, namely that india will protect political, cultural rights of the people of kashmir and not allow indians, the small local population
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that had been living there for hundreds of years, and this is a significant, dramatic reversal of that promise. it is a grave breach of trust. it undergoes everything that the pro— india constitutes in kashmir, which is already facing a crisis, has been trying to do, you know, it means that they can no longer blame why they must exist as a possible, because it may not longer protect the keypress of legislation. it is said that actually no unilateral act from delhi can change the status of kashmir. how do you expect this to play out? they are right in one way that it cannot change the international status of the dispute, but at the same time, if india, what india has done is not only revoke, but a key element of that article,
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that article prevented the people, the state government in kashmir, the state government elected to the herman who is the permanent resident of the state. and it allowed kashmir to keep and maintain its demographic profile. what the new order has done is two things. it revokes this article and turned kashmir into indian territory, which means that unlike any other state in the union, it will be now the central government, the delhi government which will determine how the land can be used in kashmir. the kashmiri people would have no say in determining how the land should be used for what purposes. so for most kashmiris, this is kind of the sum of the fears they have been trying to express four years, that the indian right—wing, the indian
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right—wing is trying to change the demography of the state. if india is able to the facts on the ground over the coming years, one can only imagine that the status of kashmir as an international dispute and as an unresolved dispute, well perhaps not matter any more and it will ultimately, kashmiris will be as they are now, but even more because they are now, but even more because the claims for the termination will be irreparably harmed. it sounds like we will talk about this again. thank you very much indeed. my pleasure. for some, it has become part of a modern life. virtual reality is a way to enjoy different experiences through the use of a special headset. in the state of florida, some people you might not expect are taking up the vr challenge. the bbc‘s tim allman explains. when you think of virtual reality, this might be the sort of thing
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you have in mind. high—tech, a little bit complicated, and definitely a plaything for the young. but it turns out age is no barrier when it comes to vr. this is domino park in miami's little havana neighbourhood. here, some of the city's senior citizens are being introduced to a whole new world. we use virtual reality to fulfil seniors' wishes, so if they want to go to somewhere in the world that they have never been to, their bucket list destination, we can actually take them there through virtual reality. possibilities are endless. with vr, you can travel to the other side of globe. there is even a chance, thanks to nasa, to see what it is like on the surface of the moon. you can visit famous cities orjust spend time on the beach — practically any destination is within reach. but there is scope for experiences too. 0ne lady wanted to swim with dolphins.
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translation: it was fantastic, wonderful. you see a world that you don't know, but that is beautiful and it is very important for me to learn about the ocean, see the fish, the animals that you don't know about, the dolphins. the theme behind the project believes there can be medical benefits, with vr being similar to meditation. it will also give some who may no longer be able to travel a chance to explore and enjoy life without leaving home. now, for most of us, a marathon sounds like a very long way — i can confirm that it is! — butjust imagine going around a single city block more than 5,000 times. that's what a group of runners in new york are doing, to compete in the world's longest footrace. if you don't feel like taking part yourself, you can watch nada tawfik covering it.
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these runners are in a race that only 43 people in the world have any completed. they are attempting to cover 3,100 miles in 52 days by running around this one city block in queens, new york. that's longer than travelling from the east to west coast of the united states, but without any change of scenery. here, a wire fence and a high school are as good as it gets. it sounds insane, but the organisers say it has a higher purpose. we put on these races to inspire people in the world to do better in whatever they do. we don't expect everybody to do come and do a 3,100—mile race, no, that's absurd. but at the same time, there are people that have the capacity and have the talent to transcend and to go beyond the difficult barriers that there are in the world. with a few exceptions, the participants are followers of the late sri chinmoy, a self—described spiritual leader, like harita. this is her second time doing
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the self—transcendence race. it gave me the experience of really seeing and really knowing for myself that as human beings, we all have this unlimited potential to do so much more than we ever imagine we can do. and this race really embodies that. this race takes a real physical toll on the body. after each lap, runners come here to stay hydrated and to grab a bite to eat. they have to consume at least 10,000 calories a day so they don't lose excessive weight and ice cream is one of the favourites. and for a little relief, they take power naps in a trailer. when the course closes at midnight, they have just six hours to bathe and rest their tired feet. each of the eight runners have their own tricks for coping with the non—stop routine. you just have two divide the distance, like, kind of fool your mind a little bit into thinking, you know, i'm only doing the next break, or i'm only running until the end of the day. what has been the toughest part? oh, definitely for me, the heat. there's no grand prize orfame
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that comes with victory. the runners say it's the sense of accomplishment that makes it all worth it. we'lljust take their word for it. nada tawfik, bbc news, new york. just on more serious things for a moment. people in the japanese city of hiroshima are commemorating the 7a years since the first atomic bomb being dropped by a us aircraft. a ceremony, attended by prime minister shinzo abe, was held at hiroshima's memorial park. the bombing, and a second one on nagasaki three days later, is credited with bringing to an end world war ii. but it claimed the lives of at least 140,000 people in the city. that top story again, president trump has said he will visit el paso on wednesday, the scene of the mass shooting in which 22 people were killed. it is domesticated —— investigated as domestic terrorism. in an address to the nation,
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mr trump condemned hatred and white supremacy, and called for reform of mental health and gun laws. that is it for now. thank you very much for watching. hello. if you're in search of dry, settled, summer weather, well, i'm afraid you probably won't find it in this weather forecast. certainly not while low pressure is in charge, and that is what we have in the heart of this swirl of cloud that you can see on our earlier satellite picture. this area of low pressure is going to drift its way eastwards across the british isles over the next couple of days. it will provide some very heavy, thundery downpours. there will always be some spells of sunshine in between. so, many eastern parts of england and eastern scotland starting the day dry, but the showers already in the west will swing their way eastwards as the day wears on. some of them will be heavy, some of them will be thundery, there could even be some localised disruption. you can see in between the showers,
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though, some spells of sunshine. it will be quite breezy in the south, light winds in the north, so across scotland, these showers will be pretty slow—moving. some locations could get a real deluge and temperatures ranging from 17 degrees in stornoway to 23 in london. now, as we go through tuesday evening, many of the showers will fade, but some will continue through the night, particularly across western and northern areas and some of those showers could still be heavy and thundery. temperatures generally between 11 and 14 degrees, it may getjust a bit cooler than that across some parts of northern england and scotland, where the skies are clear and the winds are light. so, we go into wednesday and, really, it's a game of spot the difference. again, there will be some of these heavy downpours, most plentiful and heaviest across scotland where there could be some hail and thunder mixed in. not as many showers down towards the south and those temperatures again between 17 and 23 degrees. now, if you are looking for a drier day, thursday may fit the bill because our area
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of low pressure will start to drift away and you can just about this little bump in the isobars here. —— about make out this little bump in the isobars here. that's a ridge of high pressure trying to take charge of our weather. so, on thursday, there will be more in the way of dry weather and some spells of sunshine. still the potential for one or two showers, particularly through scotland and northern england. temperatures, well, just a touch higher. the winds light as well, butjust behind me, down to the south—west, you can see some wet weather gathering. that is the start of another very unsettled spell to take us into the weekend. bands of rain driving northwards during friday and this area of low pressure taking up residence by saturday, bringing some showers or even some longer spells of rain. some unusually brisk winds as well, so if you have plans for the weekend, it's worth staying tuned to the forecast.
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this is bbc news, the headlines: after a weekend of mass shootings that left 31 dead in ohio and texas, president trump's announced he'll visit el paso on wednesday. that attack is being investigated as domestic terrorism. mr trump condemned hatred and white supremacy, and called for reform of mental health and gun laws. north korea's fired two missiles from its west coast — according to south korea's military. it's the fourth weapons test in two weeks, but these had to travel low over land, before landing in the sea. the leadership in pyongyang has been angered by south korea's annual military exercises with the us. the us has formally accused china of manipulating its currency a day after beijing allowed the yuan to fall below the key seven per dollar level for the first time in a decade. the us treasury department said the move showed chinese authorities


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