this is bbc news. welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. i'm duncan golestani. our top stories: eat less meat to help save the planet, a major un report says that altering our diets could help slow down global warming. the choice between broccoli and ribs on your plate actually has a real link to the level of global warming that we are likely to see. us immigration officials release half of the workers detained in a huge raid, in the state of mississippi. campaigners say they should all be freed. india's prime minister says he revoked kashmir‘s autonomy to free it from terrorism and separatism.
italy moves closer to a snap election, after coalition leaders warn the governing alliance is beyond repair. and 50 years since the beatles walked across that zebra crossing, fans still flock to abbey road. a major united nations report on land use and climate change says we should all be eating less meat and making ourdiets more pla nt—based. the un experts say we're consuming too many meat and dairy products in the west and it's helping to fuel global warming. but their new report stops short of saying people should become vegetarian or vegan. here's our science editor david shukman.
a wall of dust smothers the parched fields of oklahoma. the planet is heating up, which may make it harder to grow the food we need, just as the world's population keeps increasing. there'll be 2 billion more of us by the middle of the century. and at the same time, up to a third of all food is wasted. and as it rots, it releases gases that raise temperatures even more. and this exacerbates climate change... the un climate panel highlights these challenges in a major new report into how we're damaging the land we depend on — and what that means for the future. we see very high risks, and that becomes incredibly scary, not just for the public, but for us as individuals and scientists, and the question is, what can we do to avoid those risks and build a betterfuture? the first step, the scientists say, would be to see an end to clearing forests like the amazon.
as we reported last month, the trees store huge amounts of carbon, but they're being felled to make way for cattle. and because the animals generate a lot of methane, a warming gas, the report says that eating less meat and more plants would really help. so what we choose to put on our plate helps define what the carbon footprint and the level of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, so that choice between broccoli and ribs on your plate actually has a real link to the level of global warming that we're likely to see. the report suggests that we have to come up with clever new ways of producing food and of using land if we're to have any chance of avoiding the most dangerous impacts of climate change. and it's very clear that switching to renewables on their own won't be enough. at this research farm in the netherlands, a glimpse of a possible future — with a robot working a field. this is the view from the machine, spotting weeds in the crop. and planting everything in strips limits the spread of pests
and the need to spray. up the road, a dairy farm that's floating in rotterdam. it means the cows can be milked where consumers live, cutting the need for transport, which means fewer emissions. and there's the same kind of idea in nigeria. this farmer is in the city of abuja. this food is grown in the city where it's eaten. and urban agriculture like this can be more environmentally friendly. another option is being tested on cattle near reading. the feed includes an additive which reduces the methane the animals produce when they burp. farmers leaders say their target for cutting emissions is ambitious. we as the national farmers union we have called and said that agriculture is up for delivering net zero by 2040 with a willing government. so we really feel that we can achieve that target and it's really
looking at climate—friendly farming. the teenage campaigner greta thunberg was in geneva to thank the climate scientists for their work. she says her diet is vegan and she told me attitudes towards climate change seem to depend on age. it feels like many older people feel like, "why should i care about this?" "this is not going to affect me as much." but young people feel more like it is going to affect them. wind tears away precious soil from the fields. the more the land is degraded, the less it can absorb carbon from the air, and the more temperatures will rise. david shukman, bbc news, in geneva. us immigration officials say they have released roughly 300 people who were arrested during a massive raid in mississippi on wednesday.
nearly 700 workers employed at food processing plants were arrested for not having the right documents to be in the us. but stories of children being separated from their parents have sparked outrage. chris buckler reports. in a series of targeted raids, immigration enforcement agents searched food processing factories looking for undocumented migrants. and, as they were led away into custody, some of their children were left behind. my dad didn't do nothing. he's not a criminal or something, that's what... immigrants — took him... oh, please, let him be. starts crying. most of the 680 workers arrested were hispanic, and many of their children returned home to find their parents weren't there. they're now being looked after by friends and relatives. he said that his mom was gone, that he's upset with trump. he's — hejust wants his mum back. and they're both crying, they've been crying all day since they got home from school. he found out she wasn't at home.
i went over to pick him up, and it's — they've been crying all day, just upset. the raids at seven different locations were the result of a year—long investigation that was focussed not just on those who were illegally in the country, but also those employing them. to those who use illegal aliens for a competitive advantage, if we find that you have violated federal criminal law, we're coming after you. president trump has long pushed for more action to find and remove those illegally living and working in the united states, and this is one of the largest enforcement operations in recent years. but the mayor of mississippi's state capital, jackson, has called the raids "dehumanising". chris buckler, bbc news, washington. 0ur correspondent peter bowes is in los angeles. peter, what more do we know about
those who have been released from custody? we've heard from the us authorities now who say that about 300 of the nearly 700 people arrested, though allegedly, not having proper documentation to be in the united states, those people have been released. someone humanitarian grounds and we've been hearing a lot about the effect on families, the effect of children, some of those we re effect of children, some of those were told have been released because there were children at home that needed their parents. and they have said, the authorities have said, that all of the children at the end of the day were with at least one of their parents. but notwithstanding that, there is a tremendous amount of outrage about what has happened. the mississippi centre forjustice said this is nothing more than mean—spirited political grandstanding. and again, focused on the effect this is having on families and also the effect on local businesses. a lot of local
people making the point that nothing has changed, no—one feels any safer because these individuals have been taken into because these individuals have been ta ken into custody. because these individuals have been taken into custody. and we also heard from the mexican authorities that i hundred and 22 mexican nationals were amongst those arrested and some 3a have been released, but given dates to appear before the immigration authorities. there's been a lot of political reaction as well, kamala harris, one of the democratic party candidates for the presidency, she been talking about this and she said these in her view were designed to their families apart, spread fear and so raise communities. and similar views from another candidate, cory booker, who posed the question is, how is traumatising these kids, abandoning them, making anyone safer?m traumatising these kids, abandoning them, making anyone safer? it is obviously a very partisan issue there, peter. what do we expect to happen to those who are still in
custody? well, they will be investigated and it is possible that some people are in custody who are not in the united states illegally. that is what the authorities will be going through now, the list of people, those who can be proven at least as far as the us is concerned that don't have the proper documents, will have to appear before the immigration authorities here and as we've heard, some have been given dates to do that. it could be quite a prolonged process and all the more complicated because some of these people may well have children who were born in the united states. american citizens as children, which may well prevent those individuals from being deported. 0k, peter, in los angeles. thank you very much. let's get some of the day's other news. the un human rights commissioner, michelle bachelet, has criticised the latest us sanctions against venezuela. she said they would intensify the suffering of millions of venezuelans.
the british foreign secretary says the european union will bear responsibility for a no—deal brexit if it doesn't change its negotiating position. mr raab was speaking in mexico, where he signed agreements to increase cooperation. and the italian government says it will ban large cruise ships from venice's historic centre. it comes after an accident injune in which a cruise ship hit a dock, injuring five people. but campaigners say it's not enough. they want the vessels to be banned from a larger area. shares in the taxi firm, uber, have fallen after the company posted a record quarterly loss of more than $5 billion. the losses are more than five times as much as the same period last year. the indian prime minister, narendra modi, has defended his government's decision to remove kashmir‘s special status.
he said its removal would benefit not only the people of kashmir — but all of india. india and pakistan claim kashmir in its entirety, but each controls part of the territory. pakistan has said the removal of special status breaches international law, but its foreign minister said they are not looking at a military response. 0ur correspondent yogita limaye, is one of the few international journalists in kashmir. she sent this report from srinagar, which has been in lockdown since sunday. kashmir is a fortress. tens of thousands of indian soldiers line its streets and highways. police vans announcing there is a curfew in place do the rounds. boys raising anti—india slogans are chased away. and there are checkpoints everywhere. we're asked for ids and curfew passes, and after some convincing, we're allowed to go ahead. because of the environment of fear, it has been hard to speak to kashmir‘s people.
so, away from the eyes of the security forces, we have come into the small lanes of old srinagar. in a one—room home, we meet an elderly couple. with phone lines cut off, television has been their only source of information. "modi has done what he wanted to do, but he has left us to die," asha hakim tells me as she breaks down. translation: what india has done, it's done for itself, not for us. they've smothered us. they've destroyed us. their son overhears our conversation and joins in. "how are we free?", he asks. "this is worse than being injail." 0utside, people are curious, asking for information, telling us how angry they are. what you are seeing here — stones strewn across the street,
signs that a protest took place here earlier. clashes like these have been breaking out here in srinagar, and in parts of southern kashmir, as well. but the anger inside isn't really spilling out onto the streets, as we have seen happen before in kashmir. the reason for that is that people are not able to communicate with each other, and because of the tight security deployment. when the soldiers begin to withdraw in the evening, a few stone pelters come out. what will happen when the curfew is lifted is the question on everyone's minds. today, prime minister modi addressed the nation, defending his government's decision. there are parts of the region where people are welcoming his words, but here, they have lost faith in indian democracy. yogita limaye, bbc news, srinagar.
people injapan have been commemorating the 74th anniversary of the us atomic bombing that killed at least a hundred and 185,000 people. prime minister shinzo abe joined survivors and the families of victims at a ceremony in nagasaki. the first nuclear bomb hit hiroshima in august 1945 and a second bomb targeted nagasaki three days later. the russian government says two specialists have been killed and six other people injured after an explosion at a navy base. officials said the blast happened during testing at the facility in the northwest of russia. 0ur moscow correspondent, sarah rainsford has more details. at the moment, there is a lot that is not clear about what happened. to run through what we do know, there was an explosion, we know, during testing of a missile engine in the north—west of russia, from a facility that we know is used to test all sorts of missiles
for russia's military, particularly the northern fleet, which is close by with its atomic submarines. this accident happened, two people were killed, six people were injured. now, following that explosion, we know that the local administration in the city of severodvinsk recorded an increase in background radiation levels for around about a0 minutes. they say that the radiation level has now fallen, and the defence ministry say that there was no dangerous emissions from this explosion. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: the 20—year—old cello prodigy who played played at prince harry and meghan‘s wedding now preparing to perform at the proms.
the question was whether we want to save our people and japanese as well and win the war, or whether we want to take a chance on being able to win the war by killing all our young men. the invasion began at two o'clock this morning. mr bush, like most other people, was clearly caught by surprise. we call for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all the iraqi forces. 100 years old and still full of vigor, vitality and enjoyment of life. no other king or queen in british history has lived so long, and the queen mother is said to be quietly very pleased indeed that she's achieved this landmark anniversary. this is a pivotal moment for the church as an international movement. the question now is whether the american vote will lead to a split in the anglican community.
this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: a major un report on land use and climate change says the west's high consumption of meat and dairy produce is fuelling global warming. us immigration officials have released half of the workers detained in a huge raid, in the state of mississippi. campaigners say they should all be freed. italy's deputy prime minister and league party leader, matteo salvini, has called for a snap election saying his pa rty‘s differences with its coalition partners can't be patched up. it follows a row in the senate over a major infrastructure project. andy beatt reports. a vote that has left italy's government on the verge of collapse, the two coalition parties opposing each other over the future of the high—speed train link to france. backing the project
at a rally outside rome, the deputy prime minister and leader of the right—wing league party. he has now declared the governing coalition unworkable. the only way forward — to hold fresh elections. translation: if a couple who are in love decide to go separate ways, it is better to do it consensually, quickly, and without quarrel. colourful language prompting his partner, leader of the five star movement luigi di maio, to say his party doesn't fear another vote. it is just over a year since western europe's first populist government took office. the coalition‘s relationship, always uneasy, becoming increasingly volatile. while five star won more parliamentary seats in 2018, polls suggest salvini's league has surged in popularity. he is now hoping to
capitalise on that. but critics, including the country's prime minister, say it is not up to him to dictate the steps of a political crisis. pushing the nation back into election mode at the height of summer, when so many are on holiday and parliament is in recess, would be a big gamble. andy beatt, bbc news. he's the cellist who won the bbc‘s young musican of the year and gained globalfame when he performed at the wedding of the duke and duchess of sussex. now 20—year—old sheku kanneh—mason is set to play sir edward elgar‘s poignant cello concerto at the bbc proms a hundred years after elgar composed it. here's our arts editor, will gompertz.
edward elgar‘s elegiac cello concerto in e minor, written 100 years ago, immortalised byjacqueline du pre in the mid—1960s. she was a 20—year—old cello prodigy then, just as sheku kanneh—mason is now. her performances are very inspiring. i have taken lots of inspiration from her playing. definitely, when i was younger, i wanted to be her. but it will be him front and centre at the proms, giving his version of elgar‘s famous concerto. for me, it's one of the greatest pieces of music ever written. to perform in here is going to be very, very special. elgar wrote it after the first world war, about which he was incredibly disturbed, and it's a very sad piece, in that regard.
how does it resonate, 100 years on? it is a terribly sad piece, and i think, although of course i have not experienced anything even close to anyone who lived through the first world war has, but even just by listening to this piece and playing this piece and trying to understand the music, i think a lot of that comes across really clearly. he comes from an extraordinary family. all seven children are exceptional musicians, with his elder sister, a gifted pianist, leading the way. what we had was quite rare. the fact that we went to state schools that supported music and had music, that is very rare, and in fact, that has also gone now from the schools that we were at, so i think we were very lucky. now that it's not so common in the schools, and free music lessons are not so common, money is a big factor, and i do worry that there are people with the talent or the want to do music who may be restricted. the thing that is lacking a lot in this country is opportunity. well, the opportunity to have the lessons, to have instruments and things, and also to have the opportunity to see classical
music live, as well. do you ever — do you ever, it's like, "come on, sheku, it is time to get out of bed?" there is kind of an atmosphere. i mean, if someone was to come downstairs in the afternoon, having done no practice, it would be considered strange, because everyone will be practising then we would kind of look at them and say, "oh, you haven't done any practice yet?" and there would be this kind of teasing. there won't be a need for any of that with his elgar prom. he's been preparing for it for years. fans of the beatles gathered in london to mark 50 years since one of the most iconic photographs of the band was taken. the picture showsjohn lennon leading the group over a zebra crossing outside abbey road studios where most of their songs were recorded. the image is now one of the most famous in the history of pop. lizo mzimba has the story. for half a century, fans from all over the world, fans of all ages, have
come here to recreate and in their own way feel a connection to perhaps the most famous band ever. i'm coming from belgium, and i'm here for abbey road. abbey road is special because this is the last beatles record. well, we are coming from mexico, and this is special because we really are fans of the beatles, and we're excited to be here in london. we like the music. i am from uruguay, and the beatles are special, and i like the music. # all you need is love... over the years, abbey road studios became almost synonymous with the band, who recorded so much of their music there. they were the most famous band in the world. but even they may have underestimated the impact those short few minutes would have, as they emerged from the studios there, came out onto the road, and at exactly 11:35am, walked backwards and forwards over the crossing, while photographer iain macmillan took six quick shots.
the fifth was chosen, and entered music history. the abbey road album is particularly special for fans as it represents the last studio recording sessions to involve all four beatles together. half a century on, things were a little busier than that day in 1969, the police eventually having to intervene to control the fans blocking the road. and, almost 50 years to the minute since the famous shot was taken, four members of a tribute band recreated what has become an image that encapsulates what the beatles meant to so many.
you can reach me on twitter, i'm @duncangolestani. hello there. it was 27 degrees on thursday in suffolk. felt a bit more like summer, but the weather's changing now. the next few days look very different. not only will there be some rain, which is going to be heavy at times, it's the strength of the wind that's going to be more significant, and bring more impacts. now, we don't normally see a satellite picture looking like this at this time of the year. but this curl of cloud marks the position of an unusually deep area of low pressure for august, hence the strength of the wind. it's a lot further south than we'd expect, as well, and it's pushing these weather fronts northwards and eastwards, and bringing some rain as well, which could be heavy at times. as we head into the morning, northern scotland still generally dry — just one or two showers,
a cooler feel here. but a wet start to the day across central, southern scotland for the rush hour. that rain is going to be quite heavy. and we've still got some rain around in the morning first thing across northern ireland, the far north of england, and perhaps some showery bursts of rain still to clear away from eastern england. further west, though, wales and the south—west dry at this stage, and quite sunny as well, and quite a warm and muggy start across england and wales, too. rain should clear away in the morning from eastern england, rain band marching northwards into northern scotland, showers develop out across western parts of the uk. heavy, thundery, gusty winds. gusts in the south—west later in the afternoon, winds really pick up. quite warm for eastern parts of england, driest of all in the afternoon. highs mid—20s. low pressure is continuing to push its way northwards, and the winds continue to strengthen during the evening, overnight and into saturday. the low pressure is focusing the wettest weather in the northern half of the uk, with showers or longer spells of rain for scotland, northern ireland, perhaps the far north of england,
risk of thunder. south, the showers that come in will be more fleeting. there'll be lengthy spells of sunshine, and that's because it's going to be very windy for england and wales. widespread gales, and we'll be looking at gusts of 60 mph around some southern coasts of england and wales. and because of that, it's going to feel somewhat cooler and fresher, with typical temperatures into the low 20s. for the second half of the weekend, our low pressure starts to push away to scandinavia. it won't be as windy on sunday, but we've still got these weather fronts on the scene, focusing the showers into longer spells of rain, and that wetter weather will drift its way further south into england and wales. it will start to change the wind direction. it'll be breezy, but nowhere near as windy on sunday. but we're pulling down a northerly wind. it's drawing down cooler air, particularly in the north, with highs of 15 or 16 celsius.
the headlines: a major united nations report says intensive farming to produce meat and diary products is fuelling global warming. scientists say altering our diets to become more plant—based could dramatically reduce emissions — with one quarter of greenhouse gases coming from food production. us immigration officials have released around half of the 700 people detained in a huge raid in the state of mississippi. human rights campaigners are urging the state to now set them all free. stories of children being separated from their parents had sparked condemnation. india's prime minister has defended his decision to revoke kashmir‘s special status. in an address to the nation, narendra modi said a new era woud free the region from terrorism and separatism. kashmir remains under a curfew with troops on the streets and communications cut.