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tv   BBC News  BBC News  September 1, 2019 7:45pm-8:00pm BST

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known for their rugged beauty and wildlife, it's also where you'll find these. they are called crannogs, and they mightjust seem like random, small, overgrown islands, but they were once ancient man—made loch dwellings during the iron age. or they could be even older than we think. newly found artefacts now date them back even further, to the neolithic age, around 5000 years ago. and i am with the man who found them all, right here at this beautiful loch. yeah, just over there on that island, on the west side of that island, right on the side of it, that's where i found the neolithic material. 15 feet off there. well, in the early days when i was here crewing the coastguard helicopter here, i noticed quite a number of lochs, with little islets on them. they didn't look natural at all.
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they looked like they were just too round. some had walls round them and i thought well, i wonder what was going on in these lochs many, many years ago. so tell me, what did you find in this loch and other lochs around here? what i did find was beautifully decorated ceramics under the water here. but i think a more specific find i did make, on the bottom of this loch around the island here, near the island, was an almost complete bowl. my archaeologist friends, mark elliott, i gave him a phone call and he came down to have a look at the stuff. and he took his glasses off, put them back on again and he said, "where did you find this stuff?" i said ifound it in the loch here, and he said we don't find that stuff here. i said, i didn't put it there. he says, you don't know what you found here, boy. this is early neolithic. it's not supposed to be here. all these islets and islands only go back to the iron age. change in the history of scotland. that's quite some feat for a bowl. i think for a bowl, all right, yes,
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it certainly was, aye. can anyone come out here and started rummaging around under the water there to find some amazing relics? no. before i go to any loch, what i do initially is seek permission from the estate or from the trust or from anybody that owns the area. i get permission before i start, before i stick my head under the water. chris's finds make some of these crannogs older than egypt's pyramids. he is now working closely with archaeologists from england to see what other secrets they can unearth. while the crannogs in the outer hebrides are certainly some of the oldest, hundreds of these stone islands are scattered across scotland, forgotten and overgrown in its lochs. i'm headed back over to the mainland to the scottish crannog centre in the highlands. i'm keen to find out just how they were used thousands of years ago. the timing is pretty great, because we are in the middle of an iron age festival.
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folk music plays so this is a bone whistle, that is one of the earliest musical instruments in human history. and i'm going to give it a go. whistle toots 0h, 0k! whistle toots and this is what some of the crannogs would have looked like. wow, look at this! hello there! hello, welcome! welcome to the crannog. welcome to the crannog, yes. this is much bigger than i thought it would be. it's very spacious, it's like a tardis, isn't it? small on the outside and you come in and... we have always been wowed by that illusion. it's large but very cosy. you have a hearth and a domestic seating area for everybody to sit around,
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to eat their meals at the end of the day. behind you we have a little pen, for putting the animals in over the winter, we think. and we've got — what's here? well, basically you've got an upper level here for sleeping in. if you've got about 20 people to get into the crannog and sleep at night, some of them may well have to sleep on these upper levels. the festival around the reconstructed crannog helps give a sense of what it might have been like. with people teaching traditional crafts and life skills, essential to iron age living. the plan is to make butter out of this cream using only my bare hands. i'll see how i go. it's quite cold. who needs a whisk? that, my friends, is butter made with my bare hand. i'll give it a little go. it's definitely butter. oh, yes. nice fresh butter, i will
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never buy butter again. and apparently they use coracles — yes, that round thing made of animal skin — to navigate the lochs and waterways. it's cold! what do you think top speed is for the really accomplished coracle paddler? not much quicker than i am going right now, i'll be frank with you. how old would this kind of structure have been? so this one is — we dated this to 500 bc. this kind of thing, because this is recent? how much effort and time would something like that have taken to build? it took us three years to build this crannog — we think for them ten months at the very most. we estimate in this building we've got over 700 trees together, whereas compared to a round house on the land you are looking at about 75 trees. so why did they go to all this effort to build something out on the water? it's a good question and there's a simple archaeological answer,
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is that we don't really know. that's what's brilliant about the prehistory. realistically we think there are three main reasons. as a secure structure, it is out on the water with a walkway going on, you have one way on, you have one way off. the other way you can look at it is with it being on the water, trade would play a role with this. you're out for everyone to see for miles around. on top of that as well, what you might be looking at is, arguably, status. why go through all the time and effort? it could just be to show off. and true to scottish weather, it has started to rain. so what better way to stay dry than gathering back inside the crannog, listening to folk songs, similar to ones that might have been sung during the iron age or even the neolithic age, over 5000 years ago?
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we are off to the argentine capital of buenos aires. it has recently become known of one of south america's most lgbt friendly and open—minded cities. but its biggest cultural import is not exactly loan... back in his early days, men often danced the tango together, mainly because of the lack of available female partners.
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tango is part of our identity as argentinians. and the idea also of the men and women image, it is also very connected with our culture. tango is very machista. the only way to dance tango was with a man, and only men could ask women to dance. the idea of queer tango was something very strong when we proposed it, because it was something against our culture, like breaking the rules. tango music
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we already achieve many things, but what still is a challenge is the possibility for the queer people, for the gay and lesbians or trans people to dance, be comfortable and freely in the traditional milongas.
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that's all we have time for on this week's programme, but coming up next week: lucy is in switzerland, taking part in a wine festival that only happens once every 25 years. the sun is blazing, it's so hot, i'm melting. totally worth it! look at this atmosphere! and in the meantime, don't forget you can catch up with us while we're out on the road in real time by checking out our social media feeds, and sharing your travels with us and the rest of the world. until next time, from me, christa larwood, and the rest of the travel show team here in scotland, it's goodbye. hello. there was a cooler, fresher feeler —— fresher feel for all of us today. present in the sunshine and across the south—east in the sunshine and temperatures were as
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high as 21. further north, we saw a few showers, some heavy ones and ponderfor a while across few showers, some heavy ones and ponder for a while across eastern scotla nd ponder for a while across eastern scotland and north—east england. those are pushing away but a few showers will continue overnight. this high pressure will be crucial over the days ahead. around it, we have currently a north—westerly breeze, but as we head into monday it will be a south—westerly that will bring some milder and cloudy weather. ahead of that, showers continuing over that for the northern half of the uk. clearer skies for easter in scotland for many parts of england and wales. it will be quite chilly once again, those are the temperatures in towns and cities photo in rural areas we could be sitting out three or 4 degrees by the morning. similarly sunshine perhaps for the southern and eastern parts of the uk but as the south—westerly wind freshened, so the south—westerly wind freshened, so it will introduce more clout around some of the western hills, there may be some drizzly rain. most of their income into northern ireland, northern england and western scotland, not much rain for eastern scotland. four northern parts of the euchre, 16 or 17 at
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best. likewise, we should should see temperatures a degree or so higher further south. a similar picture on tuesday. still a south—westerly breeze, not quite as strong on tuesday. eastern areas may stay dry with a little bit of brightness and sunshine. most of the rain or drizzle coming in across western areas especially over the hills. temperatures similar to those of monday. the weather starts to change again as we move to the middle part of the week. this weather front is perhaps the most significant because it will bring some rain across south—eastern parts of the uk. there could be as much as half an inch of rain overnight which will linger into wednesday morning. that clears away and we look to the north to see some showers and sunshine, a burst of heavy rain coming down across scotla nd of heavy rain coming down across scotland and northern ireland into northern england, that could contain some thunderstorms. changing the wind direction on wednesday, going back to a north—westerly so temperatures will be dropping, northern parts of the uk back to 15 at best. 0ver northern parts of the uk back to 15 at best. over the week ahead we will
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find fluctuations in the wind direction, a north—westerly to a south—westerly, but that is going to keep it unsettled with some showers oi’ keep it unsettled with some showers or longer spells of rain.
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this is bbc news. i'm martine croxall. the headlines at eight. the cabinet minister reponsible for no—deal brexit preparations refuses to commit the government to follow parliament's orders, if it passes no deal legislation. lets see what the legislation says. you are asking me about a pig in a poke, andi you are asking me about a pig in a poke, and i will wait to see what legislation the opposition may try to bring forward. the most powerful storm ever to reach the bahamas has now made landfall. "catastrophic conditions" are forecast. parts of it is already under water, and some areas you cannot tell the difference as to the beginning of the street and where the ocean begins. germany's far—right celebrates gains in two state elections — but exit polls suggest they've failed to gain overall


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