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tv   BBC News  BBC News  October 17, 2019 6:30pm-7:00pm BST

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this is relationship and this is predicated on having an agreement and again the withdrawal agreement does not give much leeway. so when he and his supporters say this is an affair get deals or they one theresa may had, you're saying it is pretty much the same customer it is different in the sense that we have a special arrangement for northern ireland. all the options ijeremy corbyn would want any future deal to still achieve? exactly. but the political declaration is not the withdrawal agreement. the agreement would remain pretty much unchanged. it is either the media of thejohnson thereby basically one of those. big final thought, boris johnson politically once this all done by the 31st of october, he doesn't really wa nt the 31st of october, he doesn't really want this extension. if he was running by the house of commons, how quickly could you at the european parliament elected 7 how quickly could you at the european parliament elected? that is where you see the benefit of the working omission. they in a day out
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in the negotiations, since the beginning of it, therefore, we have been kept in front of the daily basis by him, at least a level of the brexit steering group in the last few days. yes, many of our fellow m e ps last few days. yes, many of our fellow meps did not have a chance to read the agreement yet, but there is not so many changes. for the pages. but this is manageable. it is a question of political will. frankly, there is not much leeway to renegotiate this. frankly, if there isa renegotiate this. frankly, if there is a ratification by westminster, thatis is a ratification by westminster, that is a big if, if it happens, then i think the parliament will ratify it with a broad majority. so you are amenable to getting it done? absolutely. if there is a majority. you can find a majority two ways. in the parliament or directly with the people. my preference is to go to the people. the experience shows that the british parliament is unable to afford a positive majority come over there majority again something but not a majority in
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favour. they can still surprise me. borisjohnson favour. they can still surprise me. boris johnson surprised favour. they can still surprise me. borisjohnson surprised me the last few days. maybe the british parliament will surprise me in a dorsey deal if it does, this system legitimate. you may not like them or so, but it is legitimate. thank you for joining so, but it is legitimate. thank you forjoining us. that is the situation here. back to london.
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the headlines: the uk and the eu agree a new brexit deal in brussels but borisjohnson still has to get mps at westminster to back it. the support of northern ireland's dup is crucial for the government, and so far they are not backing the new deal. labour dismissed the new deal as worse than the one negotiated by theresa may and say they won't back it. and as the clock ticks towards the brexit deadline of october 31 the brexit deadline of october 31 the president of the eu commission, jean—claude juncker, says there the president of the eu commission, jean—claudejuncker, says there is no reason for any further brexit delays. borisjohnson has boris johnson has urged borisjohnson has urged mps to back the new brexit agreement he has reached with the eu, describing it asa reached with the eu, describing it as a very good deal for the eu and for the uk. the dup, who support
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borisjohnson, have already rejected it. labour say this deal is much worse for the uk than the one negotiated by theresa may. laura kuenssberg reports on the day's events. he looks like he cannot quite believe it. how are you feeling? only seven days since the detailed talks really got going, not even 100 days into borisjohnson's time in office, and part one of his biggest job is complete. we have a deal. after late—night and early there is a new brexit agreement.” after late—night and early there is a new brexit agreement. i do think that this deal represents a very good deal, both for the eu, and for the uk. and it's a reasonable, fair outcome. and i hope now, speaking of elected representatives, that my fellow mps in westminster do now come together to get brexit done, to
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get this excellent deal over the line, and to deliver brexit without any more delay. that's part two of the task, much harder, many mps will deplore the deal. how will you get this through parliament when your allies in northern ireland still are not on board? pure common sense... white mag of the agreement is not totally different to the one agreed by the former prime minister who used to walk the red carpet here. but eu leaders did finally accept that the backstop, controversial border guarantee for northern ireland, had to go. there was enough political will, so there was a way. as things stand, we have a draft agreement between the eu and the uk government on the other. and also it creates a unique solution for northern ireland, recognising the unique history and geography of northern ireland, one which ensures there is no hard border between
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north and south. rejoice in the fact a deal has been found... but the numbers are tight in parliament. if it falls on saturday, what then? people are for it and against, that really isn't the matter, this is a bad or "no deal". what happens if it doesn't pass? i am not in charge of what happens in britain, that is boris'sjob. what happens in britain, that is boris's job. do you believe that it will? i hope it will. it has to. but if it doesn't? there will be no prorogation. no delay? even if the dealfalls? not prorogation. no delay? even if the deal falls? not if the opposition has anything to do with it. we believe the deal he has proposed is heading britain in the direction of a.d. regulated heading britain in the direction of a. d. regulated society heading britain in the direction of a.d. regulated society selling national assets to america. as it stands we cannot support this deal and we will oppose it in parliament
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on saturday. —— of a de—regulated society. the eu has moved in ways that just a couple society. the eu has moved in ways thatjust a couple of society. the eu has moved in ways that just a couple of weeks society. the eu has moved in ways thatjust a couple of weeks ago they swore publicly would simply never happen. but to reach there, boris johnson has, of course, had to compromise. so he ran straight into the next problem. because a deal that works for this town might not work for parliament where there is a vital vote in two days' time. mps who fear the consequences of the deal are talking, plotting, who fear the consequences of the dealare talking, plotting, perhaps, to block it. not least boris johnson's supposed unionist allies. in order to avoid trying to get an extension he has been too eager by far to get extension he has been too eager by farto geta extension he has been too eager by far to get a deal at any cost. the fa ct of far to get a deal at any cost. the fact of the matter is, he held —— had he held his nerve he would have got better consensus which would have kept the integrity of the economic constitution of the uk.
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other brexiteers dangling their support. i'm reserving my position because i want to read what is in it. we were told by the government throughout in discussions that certain concerns were being met in this agreement. and ijust want certain concerns were being met in this agreement. and i just want to make sure that that is the case. the parties who want to stay in the eu will work together to stop it happening. laura kuenssberg reporting there. let's go live to the turkish capital of ankara where mike pence and the us secretary of state, mike pompeo, are speaking to the media. in addition, the us and turkey have both mutually committed to a peaceful resolution and future for the safe zone. working on an international basis to ensure that peace and security find this border region of syria. in addition to the
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settle m e nt region of syria. in addition to the settlement today, with the ceasefire, turkey and the united states mutually committed to defeat isis activities in north—east syria. this will also include an agreement renewed today to coordinate efforts on detention facilities, and internally displaced persons in the formally isis controlled areas. also, turkey and the united states agree on the priority of respecting vulnerable human life, human rights, and, particularly, the protection of religious and ethnic communities in the region. i spoke to president trumpjust the region. i spoke to president trump just a few moments ago. and i know the president is very grateful for president erdogan's willingness to step forward and enact this
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ceasefire, and to give an opportunity for a peaceful solution of this conflict that commenced one week ago. for my part, i am grateful for the president's leadership, i'm grateful for the more than five hours of negotiations with president erdogan and his team that arrived at a solution that we believe will save lives. let me also say that i'm very grateful for this team, to lives. let me also say that i'm very gratefulfor this team, to be lives. let me also say that i'm very grateful for this team, to be able to have alongside mike pompeo, our national security adviser robert o'brien, ambassadorjim jefferies and ambassador david satterfield was and ambassador david satterfield was a great privilege. and each of the members of this team contributed equally to achieving this outcome, which is a great contribution to securing this region, and it's a great contribution for the strong
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and enduring relationship between the united states of america and turkey. lastly, iwould the united states of america and turkey. lastly, i would like to extend my appreciation of millions of americans, who i know were carrying this moment in prayer. we heard from people all over the country whose hearts were heavy with the loss of life in this conflict who were longing to see it come to an end. i believe their prayers, the strong leadership president trump provided for this moment, and the cooperation of president erdogan and turkey has made this possible. and, so, again, let me say, a week after turkish forces crossed into syria, turkey and the united states of america have agreed a in syria. it will be a pause in military
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operations for 120 hours while the united states facilitates the withdrawal of y pg from the affected areas in the safe zone, and once thatis areas in the safe zone, and once that is completed turkey has agreed toa that is completed turkey has agreed to a permanent ceasefire and the united states of america will work with turkey, and will work with nations around the world, to ensure that peace and stability is the order of the day. in this safe zone on the border between syria and turkey. with that, let me recognise secretary of state mike pompeo. thank you. thanks. ijust secretary of state mike pompeo. thank you. thanks. i just wanted to add this thought. there obviously remainsa add this thought. there obviously remains a great deal of work to do in the region. there is lots of challenges which remain. but this effort tonight sets the conditions for the successful resolution of this particular piece, which created
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enormous risk of stability. president erdogan's decision tonight to work alongside president trump i think will benefit turkey in a great deal. thanks, i know you want to ta ke deal. thanks, i know you want to take some questions. go right ahead. thank you very much. how do you overcome, how will you overcome , how do you overcome, how will you overcome, the damage that has been caused over the past week? there has beena caused over the past week? there has been a lot of animosity between us and turkey, lots of things have been said, lots of threats of economic sanctions have been made, how are you going to repair the going forward ? you going to repair the going forward? thank you. first, as you will see from the agreement, part of our understanding is that with the implementation of the ceasefire, the united states will not impose any further sanctions. on turkey. and
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once a permanent ceasefire is in effect, the president has agreed to withdraw the economic sanctions which were imposed this last monday. make no mistake about it, president trump was very clear with our ally, turkey, about american opposition to turkish military forces entering syria. the president made that very clear in his discussions and in his correspondence with president erdogan. and i believe that the candle and frankness president trump applied to this, and the strength of his relationship with president erdogan, both contributed to the ability for this agreement to come about. —— with a candour. we will work together to implement this agreement. our team is already
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working with ypg personnel in the safe zone for an orderly withdrawal outside the 20 mile mark. we are going to go forward together to bring peace and security to this region. i'm very confident of that. next question, please. there are reports by some international organisations on how ypg is treating ethnic and religious minorities in northern syria. and christian leaders in turkey are making calls to the country to ensure peace and security in the region. i wondering your thoughts on this. let me let the secretary also address that, but i can tell you that president erdogan and myself spoke at great length of the
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importance of respecting religious minorities in the region. president erdogan also shared with me the perspective many leaders in religious communities in turkey who have great concerns about violence and persecution taking place along the border. so, part of our agreement is to continue to work very closely to ensure that the religious minorities can thrive, and that religious pluralism is... is one of the characteristics of this safe zone for some time to come. we have certainly heard from christian leaders around the world have expressed much of the same concern you just described. we think this reduction in violence reduces the risk of that. we think this greatly contributes to protecting religious minorities throughout syria, and
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throughout the broader middle east, as well. that often happens in the context of lots of religious challenges, lots of challenges of religious persecutions in iraq, and other places like that. we think this is an important contribution in this is an important contribution in this regard. we have spoken about the fact that there are abuses that are being identified, and we will ask each leader to investigate any allegations of abuse that have taken place, as well as president erdogan and his team. let me add an addendum to that. one of the things i know the president and the american people are most proud of is the investment of investment of hundreds of millions of dollars to help rebuild religious minority communities in the aftermath of the horrific violence during the isis period, both in syria and in northern iraq. we will continue to
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support that. as you can see from this agreement, it is a specific undertaking by turkey and by the united states to ensure to protect religious minorities in the affected region. next, please. thank you, mr vice thank you, mrvice president. you mentioned there is a withdrawal of the ypg fighters. can you explain more. where are they going, what is their future? and there are also concerns their future? and there are also concerns about a link between the ypg and the pkk. what do you see for the future of northern syria, do you see any future for the syrian...? our commitment with turkey is that we will work with ypg members. we
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also know syrian... the withdrawal has literally already begun. from where they will be withdrawing is the demarcation line, roughly 20 miles south of the border. turkey's willingness to pause and embrace a ceasefire of military operations to enable us to see that orderly withdrawal of ypg, we believe will make that possible to occur. i know that it make that possible to occur. i know thatitis make that possible to occur. i know that it is already under way as we speak. but, look, turkey had a great concern about their border. and while the united states of america didn't approve of their military
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crossing into syria, we have always endorsed a safe zone. and it was a matter of discussion and negotiations. and we believe that the kurdish population in syria with which we have a strong relationship will continue to endure. the united states will always be grateful for our partnership with stf in defeating isis. but we recognise the importance and the value of a safe zone to create a buffer between syria proper and the kurdish population, and the turkish border. and we are going to be working very closely. we think the agreement today first end the violence, which is what president trump sent us here to do. i said it again and again to president erdogan, president trump
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sent us here to end the violence, and to achieve an immediate ceasefire. and thanks to the agreement we negotiated today and the strong stand president trump took in the preceding days we have achieved that. we've also achieved an opportunity by working with ypg to move out of the area to create more peace and security and stability in that buffer zone. and we are going to be working tirelessly to accomplish that. we believe that can be accomplished during the 120 hour period. after which there will be a permanent ceasefire. and then we will continue to engage. again, not militarily, the president made it clear that we are not going to have military personnel on the ground, that the united states will continue to engage diplomatically, politically, and, of course, in humanitarian aid and, of course, in humanitarian aid and support to effect all of the people affected in this region. last
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question. you mentioned that the united states opposed the incursion into northern syria, that president had always wanted a save zone here. what concessions did you actually get out of president had again? and have you got specific assurances from the ypg will apply with this agreement, because this is something they have said they will not do, and finally, with the kurds moving south with the us sanction how would you address critics who call this a second demand meant of the cards? you will be able to see from the agreement itself what concessions were made. president trump in his telephone call with president erdogan earlier this week, and in the directive he gave us to deliver, was very clear.
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he wanted a ceasefire. he wanted to stop the violence. turkey's engagement in a military event, i can tell you, as our discussions began over the course of the five—hour period of time, we reached a place of agreement about how a ceasefire could and if it turkey, chief president trump's objectives, and also contribute to a peaceful resolution of the save zone. and i believe that we have accomplished that. with regard to the ypg, the syrian defence forces, we have been in contact today, and we receive repeated assurances from them that they will be moving out. they greatly welcome the opportunity for a ceasefire, and to make a safe and orderly withdrawal from those areas in the safe zone, where they still
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have a presence. and we are very confident that that's already taking place. and we are going to be using all of the leverage, having fought alongside syrian defence forces in the battle against isis to facilitate their safe withdrawal. but we think this is an outcome that will greatly serve the interests of... of the kurdish population in syria who have greatly served the interests of turkey and have created a long—term buffer zone which will ensure peace and stability in the region. i want to follow up on that question. what specific concessions did turkey receive? did they bring up did turkey receive? did they bring up the issue of the whole bank.
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not in these negotiations. the topic was raised. we informed them that was a matter for the southern district of new york and the justice department. but, let me say that the concessions that the united states made have to do with the fact that the president had made it clear that if there had not been a ceasefire... studio: mike pence speaking there in the turkish capital after talks with the turkish capital after talks with the turkish capital after talks with the turkish president, president erdogan. and also the secretary of state, mike pompeo, talking a week after that offensive by turkey against kurdish fighters in the north—east of syria. they have now brokered a ceasefire. they say there will be a pause of 120 hours in military activities so that the us
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can escort turkish fighters away. the ceasefire will become permanent, and there will be no need for further sanctions by the us against turkey, so we are told. this is bbc news. time for a look at the weather forecast with nick. there is dry weather in the forecast, not over the next few days, but looking ahead to the start of next week this is high—pressure extending itself across the british isles. most of us will get a couple of days of fine weather. feeling cooler than it has done, may be some fog patches and a touch of frost overnight. right now low pressure is in control. not everyone has seen showers today. a lot of them over the western side of the uk, in particular. this is how close low pressure is. in fact, more of these showers as we go through tonight and into tomorrow will push in across the uk. there will be rather —— they will be well more distributed today,
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going into areas which have mist out today. showers will be heavy over the south of the uk. winds will also be gusty. overnight temperatures around six to 9 degrees. heavy showers down to central and eastern parts of england to start the day tomorrow, feeding off into the north sea, then there is a drier, brighter spell. showers lingering around northern scotland. not many showers elsewhere in scotland and northern ireland where there are lighter winds. gusty winds with showers packing in the afternoon to wales and south—west england. temperature is mainly around 12 to 1a degrees. getting a little bit cooler than it has been today. here is how we are setting up... low pressure moving right across us into the north sea. a spell of rain heading south through scotland, may be into parts of northern ireland and northern england, some showers elsewhere with some sunshine, a cool when developing, especially over northern scotland, bringing temperatures down
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here. generally winds easing a touch for many as we go into the weekend and low pressure becomes less deep and low pressure becomes less deep and heads into the north sea. more of us feeling that northerly breeze on sunday. it'll feel cooler as low pressure heads into the north sea, you are closer to that in eastern scotla nd you are closer to that in eastern scotland and eastern england, which is where most of sunday's showers will be. elsewhere, looking drier, lots of cloud around, but some bright and sunny spells. that area of high pressure is how we start next week. so it is going to be dry for a couple of days for most of us. some fog patches around. you may see a touch of frost overnight. a rather more settled picture for a time before it looks like low pressure revisits us later in the week.
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forjoining us. that is the situation here. back to london. today we have a deal. the deal has been found. brexit without any more delay. you're watching beyond 100 days — the uk and the eu finally agree on a brexit deal. borisjohnson says it's a great, which allows the uk to take back control, but will he have the votes to get it through britain's parliament? the prime minister is already facing an uphill battle, with the democratic unionst party opposing the deal. it's going to be a close call. i hope very much now speaking to representatives that my fellow mps in westminster do now come

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