this is bbc news — welcome if you're watching here in the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. i'm james reynolds. our top stories: the terror suspect shot dead on london bridge is named as 28—year—old usman khan. convicted seven years ago for terrorism offences, he had been released from prison in december last year. the victims who were killed were a man and a woman. three others, injured in the attack, remain in hospital. growing pressure on malta's prime ministerjoseph muscat to resign — as police investigate the murder of a journalist. anti—government protesters in iraq celebrate as the prime minister announces he intends to quit. and rediscovered: a 42—page manuscript written by queen elizabeth i.
police have named the man who killed two people and injured several more in a terror attack in central london. officers shot dead usman khan on london bridge. it's been revealed that he was convicted of terrorism offences in 2012 and had been released from prison on licence in december of last year. simon jones has more details. this was an attack that brought terror back to the streets of london. a man and a woman killed before the attacker was shot dead on friday afternoon on london bridge. now, during the night the police have named the man who was shot dead as usman khan. he was 28 years old from staffordshire in the midlands here in the uk. now, he is a convicted terrorist. he was jailed back in 2012 for a plot to bomb the london stock exchange. he was initially given
what was called an indeterminate sentence, meaning he could be kept in jail for as long as was deemed necessary, for as long as was deemed he was a threat to the public. but he appealed that and then he was given a jail term of 16 years and told he would have to serve half that tiem actually in jail and then could be released on license. it appears that's what happened. he was released in december of last year. now, under license means he should have been closely monitored, there should have been checks with the idea of rehabilitating him, making sure he wasn't a danger to the community. but the police are saying during the night that a key line of enquiry now is to establish how he was able to carry out this attack. are the police looking for anyone else in relation to the attack? the police say they haven't got any other suspect they are looking for. they are doing examining a property in staffordshire in the midlands linked to usman khan. at the moment they believe that he was acting alone. but what they want to do is make sure that was the case and make sure there isn't anyone linked to him.
are there any updates on the casualties? we get figures in the headlines. we know a man and a woman were killed. we haven't had any more details about them. we are told three were injured, they are still in hospital. one we are told is in a critical but stable condition. a second person is in a stable condition. and the third person was less seriously injured. has there been any discussion and analysis about the police response and tactics used against usman khan? it is interesting how quickly the police responded to this. it was in a window of around five minutes. the violence broke out at around 1:58pm. he was attending an event near london bridge. it was a criminaljustice event. he was there as a former prisoner talking about that experience, we understand.
there were academics and students from cambridge university there, we understand. he then began this attack. we understand that he stabbed one woman initially at the event, it then spilt out onto the street, onto the bridge. usman khan was held down by a number of members of the public. we believe some people who had been attending that event. we understand that one person at the event took a tusk from a whale on the wall and used that to fend him off. another had a fire extinguisher and was trying to spray that in the attacker‘s face to try to stop him. the police moving in quickly and shooting him dead. daniel sandford looks back at how the day's events unfolded — and there are some disturbing images in his report. it's a crisp winter afternoon in the city of london when, just before 2pm, the panic starts. passengers filming from a bus see armed officers pointing their weapons. there's a struggle on london bridge,
and two of the officers go forward. beside the melee is a man standing with a knife, which he is taken from the suspect. he runs with it as armed officers shout, "get back". they pull away a man who is wrestling with the suspect... ..and then, open fire. gunshots. oh my god! there was more firing — and the suspect, who the police say was wearing a hoax bomb, died at the scene. i can confirm at this time, we believe a device that was strapped to the body of the suspect was a hoax explosive device. the london ambulance service declared a major incident. at least five people who had been stabbed were taken to hospital, but two of them died. my heart goes out to their loved ones, and to the three further injured victims who i understand
are being treated in hospital, and of course to everybody who has been affected by today's terrible and mindless events. the attack started in fishmongers‘ hall. people attending a criminaljustice event there said at least one woman had been stabbed. shocked witnesses from the hall, some of them with blood on their clothes, were ushered away and driven off in a bus commandeered by police. with a good section of the city still closed off, the leaders of the two main parties were defiant. i think the message that we send to them and anyone associated with this type of attack is one that will be familiar
and that is that this country will never be cowed or divided or intimidated by this sort of attack, and our values, our british values, will prevail. we have to remember that we live in a democratic society and those that would seek to silence us will not succeed. our democracy must be alive and vibrant. a full—blown terrorism investigation is under way. let's get some of the day's other news. chile's football federation has decided to cancel the rest of the season because of security concerns, following weeks of anti—government protests. all matches have been suspended since the unrest began six weeks ago, triggered by a hike in public transport fares. at least 26 people have been killed and hundreds injured in the violence. a court in suriname, in south america, has sentenced president desi bouterse to 20 years in prison for the murder of 15 of his political opponents in 1982. mr bouterse is in china on an official visit and will have two weeks to appeal against the conviction. he has previously
denied the accusations. three people have been injured in an attack on a busy shopping street in the netherlands. dutch police are still searching for a suspect. the incident happened at the hudson's bay store in the grote market — the main square in the hague. police in malta have released the businessman, yorgen fenech, after more than a week of questioning over the murder of the journalist, daphne ca ruana galizia, in a car bomb in october 2017. mr fenech denies any wrongdoing. a senior international politician monitoring the murder investigation has called on the maltese prime minister, joseph muscat, to resign. mr muscat has previously said he will only step down when those who ordered the killing are identified. at the time of her murder, ms caruana galizia was investigating a mysterious investment fund, which was identified in the leak of financial documents known as the panama papers. damian grammaticas has more from valletta.
mafia! malta's richest man, yorgen fenech, emerging from court to shouts of "mafia". he's the focus of the murder investigation that has rocked malta. you've named many people close to the prime minister, are you going to name them? yes, of course. and these people are responsible? the truth will come out, i'm confident, i'm confident, and i'm determined. they are responsible for the death of daphne caruana galizia? i'm confident and determined that the truth will come out. and you are responsible for the death of daphne caruana galizia? i'm confident that the truth will come out, sir, i'm confident. so you ordered her assassination? no, i didn't say that, i said i am confident that the truth will come out. yorgen fenech‘s claim is that the chief police investigator is biased against him and too close to senior political figures. why do you think he's biased? i have my reasons which are public, made public in our complaint and the courts are evaluating. we have trust in the courts. pursuing him down the street, protesters who want to see all those behind the killing of daphne caruana galizia prosecuted. this is just about justice for a murdered journalist who was doing herjob!
if the prime minister resigns, does that help advanced things, do you think? of course, i m not saying change administration, i'm saying clean out the administration, start afresh. give hope to the people! daphne ca ruana galizia was assassinated two years ago, blown up by a bomb planted in her car. what's gripped malta is the question of who ordered her killing. this is yorgen fenech‘s luxury yacht. he was arrested on it as he tried to leave malta early one morning last week. yorgen fenech was one of those written about by daphne caruana galizia. ms caruana galizia made it her mission to expose the shady connections of malta's rich and its powerful. many here worry that the corruption that's been allowed to exist on malta has corroded this island's institutions and from here can spread through the eu, that's why it's so important that her killers are brought tojustice.
alongside mr fenech, she focused on others including konrad mizzi, one of two government ministers who quit this week, and keith schembri, the prime minister's chief of staff who also resigned. so has the prime minister who's overseen the murder investigation been trying to protect those close to him? he's under intense pressure to go. i want this case to close under my watch. i think the authorities have already delivered what many thought could not be delivered and that is major breakthroughs in the investigation. myjob is to see this investigation concluded. but the calls for the prime minister to quit aren't letting up. yorgen fenech, the businessman, claims information about the murder enquiry was being leaked to the suspects. more claims of murky dealings and more reasons why many believe daphne caruana galizia was right about the rotten nature of malta's state.
anti—government protesters in iraq have been celebrating the prime minister's announcement he intends to resign. adel abdul—mahdi said he'd step down a day after the security forces killed dozens of demonstrators in various cities. the country's leading shia cleric, ayatollah ali al—sistani, had condemned the bloodshed, and urged parliament to reconsider its support for the government. gareth barlow reports. the worst unrest iraq has seen for years has left the prime minister with no choice. gunfire. this was the city of nasiriyah on friday, ordinary people running for their lives as gunfire shattered the air. around 400 people have died in weeks of protests. on thursday, at least 25 people were killed in nasiriyah when security forces opened fire. the violence and deaths continuing on friday. translation: these young
men, what did they do? these are our children. i have a son lying in bed. he is injured. his life is over. why spill the blood of iraqis? enough with the shame! enough! you have destroyed the country. amid rising political pressure and criticism from the country's top shia cleric, mr abdul—mahdi has offered to step down, much to the joy of many iraqis, who took to the streets in celebration. translation: this is the first phase, and it's the resignation of the government. the second one will be parliament resigning. we will not leave the square until the last corrupt person resigns! therein, though, lies the issue for the government — protesters in cities across iraq are demanding more than a single resignation. amid calls for morejobs, better public services and an end to corruption, many also want an overhaul of all of those in power. michael rubin is a resident scholar
at the american enterprise institute. i asked him whether this really was the end for iraqi prime minister adel abdul—mahdi. no, not at all. in fact, the prime minister is being a little bit too clever by half. if he really wanted to resign and institute a caretaker government, he would have resigned to the president, who would immediately have dismissed the government. instead, he sent a letter to the parliament, so he basically said, "i have every intention of resigning if you can find someone to take my place," but let's keep in mind that in iraqi politics that can be less about hours and days and more about months. so this could be a delaying tactic? very much it could be a delaying tactic. if he is going to step down, there is the question about whether someone from his own, if you will, bloc, is going to take his place. that needs to have the president's approval if that person is going to take office.
but the way the iraqi constitution is, there is a bit of a problem, because in theory, the largest bloc is the one that is able to appoint the prime minister. but what becomes unclear is, after the elections, oftentimes, you have shifting coalitions, shifting blocs, and so different blocs claim to be the one in charge. this could mean that we could have a stalemate for months. what role will the influential cleric, ayatollah sistani, play in all of this? well certainly, ayatollah sistani appeared to withdraw any support for abdul—mahdi's government after the riots of the last few months and the lack of services, but let's keep in mind that the biggest difference between the way the shia clergy act in iran and the way the shia clergy act in iraq is, in iran, the shia clergy take a much more activist approach to government.
sistani simply wants to be a guide and is not going to basically say "this is the plan you need to take. this is a man you need to appoint" and anyone who wants him to do that is actually being foolish because his whole brand is to keep a separation between mosque and state, and so i would suspect that every week, we are going to have a sermon and it's going to try to push iraqi politicians closer to having some sort of reform, some sort of deal but, fundamentally, the problem is that the system needs to be reformed. michael, in a couple of sentences, if you can. what role, if any, is iran, the regional power and iraq's neighbour playing? well, you know, the united states always underestimates the psychological importance of occupation. iran underestimates the psychological importance of iraqi nationalism. and so, a lot of the iraqi anger has been directed at iran. it's not all about politics. a lot of it is also about economics.
stay with us on bbc news. still to come: for the first time in more than a century, a manuscript featuring the writing of queen elizabeth i is discovered in lambeth palace. it's quite clear that the worst victims of this disaster are the poor people living in the slums which have sprung up around the factory. i am feeling so helpless, that the childrens are dying in front of me and i can't do anything. charles manson is the mystical leader of the hippy cult suspected of killing sharon tate and at least six other people in los angeles. at 11am this morning,
just half a metre of rock separated britain from continental europe. it took the drills just a few moments to cut through the final obstacle. then philippe cozette, a minerfrom calais, was shaking hands with and exchanging flags with robert fagg, his opposite number from dover. this is bbc world news. the latest headlines: the terror suspect shot dead on london bridge has been named as 28—year—old usman khan. he was convicted in 2012 for terrorism offences and released from prison in december 2018. the victims who were killed were a man and a woman. three others injured in the attack remain in hospital. it's gone from remote wilderness to tourist hotspot in just a few decades. antarctica is now the destination of choice for thousands of thrill—seekers.
but with tourism and climate change taking their toll on the region, visitors now have a greener, more sustainable way of getting there. andy beatt reports. ladies and gentlemen, have a wonderfulfirst ladies and gentlemen, have a wonderful first day ladies and gentlemen, have a wonderfulfirst day in ladies and gentlemen, have a wonderful first day in antarctica. the coldest most hostile place on earth. and one of the most popular. nearly 80,000 visit this fragile environment each year. every passenger generating five tons of c02. a passenger generating five tons of co2. a polar paradox, antarctic‘s tourist boom threatening its very existence. now, though, hope on the horizon. to be on the first hybrid powered expedition ship in the world, that makes it pretty special. it is the same technology as you have in your trusty telephone. only larger. on its maiden voyage, the ship's electric engines drastically
cutting the environmental impact. and delivering savings of 20%. on higher decks, 430 passengers can enjoy its lounges, infinity pool and hot tubs, a bubble of luxury in a wintry wilderness. they are also invited to seek scientific enlightenment. you have passengers coming down which provides a great opportunity for them to be involved in actual science that is going on ina region in actual science that is going on in a region of the world where we don't have a lot of data. we are also increasing the awareness of our guests on the problematic of climate change for example and the many changes that are taking place. trips are sure carefully controlled. tourist keeping well away from wildlife and cleaning personal effects to avoid the introduction of invasive species. translation: when we come here, when we see and feel
the reality, we understand how important it is that it stays that way, protected, uninhabited, reserved for animals. with a second hybrid ship land, visits to this white continent just hybrid ship land, visits to this white continentjust got a little bit greener. andy beatt, bbc news. sticking with transport for a bit. driving around kabul can be a hazardous occupation, even more so if you're female. the pink shuttle minibus service uses women drivers to ferry women and children across the afghan capital. as gail maclellan reports, the drivers have to get used to often extreme reactions from men. razia is one of four drivers of the minibus taxi service and she sees it asa minibus taxi service and she sees it as a challenge. translation: i a lwa ys as a challenge. translation: i always like to do special and extraordinary work but no—one has done before. and when i was informed that a woman can drive a minivan, especially to carry women, i became
interested. this shuttle is the first of its kind and it helps women travel in kabul where transport options are limited and women risk all sorts of harassment as razia's colleague explains. translation: there are some young boys and men who drive past us very fast and want to somehow frighten us but we got used to this routine. they have done it so much that i am personally not scared anymore. when the taliban took over in 1996, women were forced took over in 1996, women were forced to stay at home. even after the militants were toppled and gender equality the new constitution, discrimination is still rife. but navigating around harassment is not the only difficulty for the drivers. kabul is a dangerous city. i am interested in my work driving but sometimes my family is unhappy because of security reasons. as you know, once a week or once a month,
there are blast, but we are champions and we are not afraid. the future for the pink shuttle drivers and for afghani is uncertain. but the drivers remain optimistic. we could have our own company in the future if we four women who are working together co—operate with each other. we can have many cars in the future and continue our work together. gail maclellan, bbc news. for the first time in more than a century, a manuscript featuring the writing of queen elizabeth i has been discovered. a handwriting expert has pieced together clues from the document after it was found in the library of lambeth palace. david sillito reports. so, giles, whatare we looking at here? it's a translation into english of a section of the work
of the roman historian tacitus. it's been sitting here on a shelf at lambeth palace for hundreds of years and no—one was very interested in it, until a researcher one day started looking a bit more closely and realised this wasn't the work of a 16th century academic, but someone rather more famous. the thing that is a really exciting discovery which hadn't been established by anybody before now is that it is written by — and in some cases in the hand of — queen elizabeth i. so how do we know it's queen elizabeth's handwriting? well, the paper is a clue. it's the same as used in many state documents at the tudor court at the time. we also know that queen elizabeth did translations of tacitus. but the real clinching evidence is the handwriting, queen elizabeth's terrible handwriting. most of what we are looking
at is the work of a scribe, but have a look at this little correction. that word "calm" with its rather eccentric floating e at the end. now compare it with this, and this. both proven examples of elizabeth is very distinctive handwriting. it's the queen's translation, written out for her and then amended. you look quite excited by this. it's a very remarkable discovery. it tells us about the queen and about the cultural life of the elizabethan court. so a dusty forgotten document has finally, after more than 400 years, revealed its royal secret. david sillito, bbc news. it shows you don't always need good handwriting to get ahead! more on oui’ handwriting to get ahead! more on our website. or, if handwriting to get ahead! more on ourwebsite. or, if you handwriting to get ahead! more on our website. or, if you would like to get in touch with me on twitter,
iamat to get in touch with me on twitter, i am at @jamesbbcnews. you do not have to use handwriting. please do stay with us on bbc news. hello again. many of us saw that sunny but colder weather work its way in yesterday. skies like these were pretty commonplace, not a great deal of cloud around and it wasn't too windy either. you've really got more of the same to come as we look forward to the weekend by the prospects as well. yes, it's going to be sunny, but it's also going to be cold. we have some sharp frost to come, and some fog patches around as well, but at least it will be dry for quite a few of us. now, if you're heading outside over the next few hours, we do have clear skies for many areas, although a few showers coming and going across northern scotland and cloud keeping the frost at bay as well across the south—west of england. otherwise, it's a cold night, it could be the coldest of the autumn, actually. temperatures may well get down to —10 degrees celsius as we look at the very first part of saturday morning. lowest temperatures probably around six or seven in the morning.
travel, that could well be affected by fog patches around. if there are a couple of things fog hates, it's low cloud and strengthening winds, and that's what we'll have moving into the south—west early on saturday morning. that means the zone most at risk of seeing fog patches really stretches across the midlands into wales. here, there could be poor visibility, perhaps down to 100m or so in places. so some tricky travelling conditions to be expected first thing. and some of those fog patches may well linger even into the early afternoon. you can see the extent of the sunshine for most of us, a few showers coming and going across northern scotland and through the afternoon we will see a weather front the far south—west, bringing outbreaks of rain, and strengthening winds which will make it cold here. a cold day for all of us, really, with temperatures for most around 2—8. through saturday evening, it looks like we will continue to see a bit of rain just skirting into the far south—west of england, the channel islands wet for a time too. that's all associated with this area of low pressure that moves out of the way for sunday and then it's
back to the high pressure. there is a subtle change in the wind direction on sunday, so after a cold and frosty start again, with plenty of sunshine for most of us, we will see showers moving in around the north sea and getting blown into the thames estuary, so we will see some of them coming into the north of kent. across northern scotland, if anything, the showers could well clump together later on in the day to give some wetter weather right towards the end of the afternoon. on into monday, a bit more in the way of cloud across northern areas with some rain skirting across the far north of scotland. otherwise another dry, cold, frosty start to the day, a few fog patches around but plenty of sunshine for most of us. those temperatures still struggling for many — although notice it is turning milder across the far north—west of scotland. and that really is a trend we see later on in the week. it does turn a little bit milder from the north and west as the week goes on.
the terror suspect shot dead on london bridge has been named as 28—year—old usman khan, who was convicted in 2012 for terrorism offences and released from prison in december 2018. police are searching a property in staffordshire in central england, but say they are "not actively seeking anyone else". the victims who were killed were a man and woman. three other injured people remain in hospital — one patient is in a critical but stable condition. borisjohnson has described the deaths as "heartbreaking". the prime minister has said there will be an "enhanced" police presence on the streets of london. anti—government protesters in the iraqi capital, baghdad, have been celebrating the prime minister's announcement that he intends to resign. adel abdul—mahdi said he'd step down a day after the security forces killed dozens of demonstrators in various cities — including najaf and nassariya.