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tv   Victoria Derbyshire  BBC News  December 30, 2019 10:30am-11:00am GMT

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the world will face irreversible heating unless firms shift their priorities soon. that's the warning from the outgoing bank of england governor, mark carney. i would say we are in our climate crisis, just like the financial crisis. what is essential on this topic, climate change, we have cross—party, nonpartisan approach to it. raging bush fires are burning out of control across australia, with authorities in the state of victoria saying it's now too late for people to evacuate. temperature are exceeding a0 degrees in every state. the search continues for father of four and firefighter anthony knott — who's now been missing for 10 days. victoria derbyshire now takes a look back at the exclusive interviews and films which have featured on her programme in 2019.
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hello and welcome. over the next half an hour, we will bring you a few of the highlights from our programme over the last 12 months. earlier this year, our programme discovered that hundreds of british teenagers were being sent by their mums and dads to east africa to avoid knife crime here in the uk. parents told this programme they didn't view the move as a long—term solution but said they had taken the decision for their children's safety. if your child is involved in a gang, and there is nowhere for him to hide, you take him back to africa. you know, it is safer there than it is in london. if you look a specific way, or you live in a specific area, and you are a certain age, you are targeted, and you will be stabbed. there are mothers now sending their teenagers back home, saying it is much safer than living in london.
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so she said she took her son back to somaliland. he spent a year there. during that time, he acquired an education, he was a studious child again, he, in fact, was teaching other children, and he enjoyed his time. he actually said his preference was to stay in east africa. she brought him back in november 2018. he had been back in the country forjust 17 days. he received a text message from one of his old... from somebody she did not know. he was in the middle of eating a meal. he put the meal down, went outside and was stabbed. he was stabbed four times.
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he has been completely traumatised by the experience and the way in which he was stabbed was very traumatic. they damaged his bladder, his kidneys. they did a properjob on him. all these organs have been damaged permanently. the thing that would have kept him safe was to stay in somaliland for longer. she said, i have no doubt of that. 100% more safe than it is for my children in london. one problem that they are all escaping, that is universal
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to all of them, is violence, so knife crime, gun crime, fighting, drug—related issues. london is not a war zone. we know that. but there are targeted crimes. or you live in a specific area, and you are a certain age, you are targeted and you will be stabbed. it is like an air strike that happens in a country, for example, where there is war. you do not know when it is going to land on you, but are you going to say, i know this air strike is not going to land on my house. i'm just going to live. no, you're thinking, it can come anytime, so let me get out. london is the same. the mothers are saying, my son is17, 18, his friends died, they are killing each other, i am not waiting for that air strike to come to my house. we are getting out of here. in those few years that i was doing my a—levels... yeah, yeah. it was tough. why was it tough? just seeing people being dropped
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every other day, being stabbed. it is not the place to be for a teenager, i would say. i have lost close friends. there are people in my neighbourhood, like, someone i really knew, who lost his life. that you grew up with or something? yeah, yeah. he got stabbed. that was one of the reasons that i came back here. itjust opened my eyes, man. it was just recently, it wasjust before i came here. when i see young adults, ijust see that 17—year—old that iwas, walking around, because i know what they are going through and if i can save one person, i will feel good about myself. i came out here when i was quite young, actually. even when the problems were at their peak, 17, 18. between 16 and 18, i came out here. one of the things i will never forget and one of the things that these guys have told me as well, is the fact that when you walk down the street you do not have to look over your shoulder.
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the fact that when you're out and about, you know you are not being targeted because at that age, there was no way on earth that i could have easily walked into different areas of london, but here, i can travel in the city, go and visit whoever i wanted, get in a cab or get on the back of a motorbike and it was good. i felt a sense of freedom, but right now, for these kids, it is life and death. abdul has been in and out of kenya a few times. he has escaped the crime and the violence in the uk. you name it, he has probably done it. when i came here, it was a clean sheet, no—one knew me, no—one knows my history. there you have people that look like you going after you, you know what i mean? people that look like you, that is the people you have to watch out for, people that are dressed like you. you are not worried about anyone else. your parents, do they feel you are safer here? yeah, 100%. my mum feels i am much safer here
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than anywhere else in the world. two weeks ago, i was speaking to one of the parents of the young people and she said to me, now that my son is in africa, i sleep better at night. i said, why? she said, because every time i hear police sirens or if i hear a siren, i would think, either the police have arrested my child or the ambulance is going to save my son that has been stabbed to death or been shot. i said, ok, mum, what about now? tell me about the sirens. she said, oh, i cannot even hear any sirens now. knife crime has literally threatened the fibre of the somali community. it has shaken us all. does the parent wait for her child to be killed, or does the parent take a decision? quite a drastic decision to take him all the way back to wherever that child is from originally.
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my name is rakhia ismail, i am a local councillor in islington and i am a mother of four and i am a somali and i came here to london as a refugee some years ago. at the end of the day, we are all parents, and parents take the precedence of the safety of the child. there is two ways, either your child is in a gang or your child can innocently be killed, you know, standing somewhere and it has been mistaken identity, and it keeps on happening. you can say, every five families, there are two families who took their children back home. i mean, i have been working with somali parents for a very long time and lots of them have no clue what their sons are up to, they have no idea, and they actually think their sons are doing really
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quite good, some of them, until the day after they find out their son is killed, their son is in prison, their son is dealing drugs. i mean, that is massive, and as a somali community, to be honest and to be fair, we are the forgotten people, completely. for many parents, there is confusion about whether to vaccinate their children because of the proliferation of anti—vax material on social media. we found one couple, mark and victoria, who were undecided about whether to vaccinate their own baby and sat them down with professor beate kampmann, who is director of the vaccine centre at the london school of hygiene and tropical medicine, so they could ask her directly about their concerns. i will start off byjust asking why do you think it is acceptable to inject aluminium into a baby when it has been banned in such things as aerosols? alum is a very, very important part of the vaccines because it actually
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helps the stuff that is really important in the vaccines, which is the bacterial—viral ingredients to work well in the body. now you make it sound as if we are giving a massive shot of aluminium to the body, so that is not at all the case. the concentration of aluminium is like a thousandth of what you find in the natural environment and what we already have in our bodies as well. the information leaflets in vaccine packaging is something mark and victoria want to find out more about. inserts for vaccines are not always offered prior to injection for parents to read. the ones that we have obtained state that they should not be administered if you're allergic to any of the ingredients, but how do we know if the baby is allergic or not? the most important ingredient in that is usually egg. sometimes, some vaccines, for example the mmr vaccine, has traces of that. by the time the baby gets that particular vaccine, you would know if they are allergic to egg or not because because they would have had egg in all sorts of products. what about younger babies, though?
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there is no egg components in the other vaccines they are getting. i think what is important also, on the inserts, they have to list, notjust what is in the vaccine now, but also what was part of the vaccine when it was manufactured. that is not necessarily differentiated in the insert, so you get a whole bunch of stuff that is actually mentioned, but hardly any of it will be in the final product. assuming we were to go ahead and have our child vaccinated, it would then have its tetanus, polio, diphtheria, so why, when the whooping cough vaccine is offered to pregnant women, they are not then told that it has tetanus, diphtheria, and polio within it as well? i think it is part of the conversation that people should know exactly what vaccines they are having. i think the reason why it was done like that is because usually the adults do not go back for their tetanus vaccination. usually nobody bothers with diphtheria because everybody thinks it is no longer an issue however, we have had large outbreaks in a refugee camp in bangladesh, as you have probably
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heard from last year. there is lots of diphtheria in russia, so it is a disease that might come back to us, so that is quite a good idea, and then the third one is that the vaccine is already made in this combination, so it is more of an effort to make a vaccine that only has a pertussis component because you would literally make that vaccine just for the pregnancy. last month, we exclusively revealed how the burning of plastic waste in indonesia, much of which has been sent there by us here in the west, is poisoning the food chain there. 0ne environmental group found that in one village in eastjava, toxic dioxins in chicken eggs were 70 times the level allowed by european safety standards. long—term exposure to the chemicals is linked to cancer. it can damage the immune system and it can affect development. louis lee ray reports. parts of indonesia are awash with plastic waste.
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hundreds of thousands of tonnes of plastic were imported last year and it is ending up in remote villages. some is recycled, but huge mounds are dumped and burned. and we have discovered dangerous levels of highly toxic chemicals from burning plastic are making it into the food chain. one of the most shocking results that we have ever, ever had, especially in indonesia, we never have this kind of result before. this is bangun, a small village in the east of java, indonesia's biggest island.
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but over the last few years, things here have started to change. since 2017 and ‘18, we have seen an increased influx of plastic entering indonesia. the uk, the us and australia all send waste to indonesia, supposedly to be recycled. last year, indonesia's plastic recycling industries imported around 300,000 tonnes of plastic waste. that on top of the 900,000 tonnes they got from within the country. the uk sent 18,000 tonnes of plastic to indonesia in the first—half of this year and 55,000 tonnes of paper. that makes it the fourth biggest recipient of british waste in the world.
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prigi arisandi runs a local environmental organisation called ecoton. so why is plastic from the uk ending up in bangun? well, paper is key here. indonesia has some of the world's biggest paper mills. the factories nearby import around 40% of the paper they recycle, but the bales of old paper are arriving with plastic in them. the paperfactories have no use for the plastic and the villagers buy it by the truckload. they sift through the waste,
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selling the better quality material onto plastic factories who reuse it. this lady has been living here for seven years. she says she earns up to £6 per day from the plastic and because of the money on offer, people here want more of it, not less. amongst the plastic scraps here is metal wiring, originally used to hold the paper bills together. it can be sold on, too, but only after the metal has been stripped of its plastic coating, and to remove the coating, they burn it. there is an increased number of cases of respiratory diseases.
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there are lots of cases we see where people burn the plastic piles. but if burning plastic is an issue here, it is far worse in a nearby village. this is one hour's drive from bangun and is full of small factories making tofu, which is made from soybeans and widely eaten in indonesia. heat inside the factories is almost unbearable. they keep pots of water boiling hot, as soybeans are boiled to make the tofu. but what you might not expect is what is making the fuel for the fire. plastic. the factory owners buy this plastic from the sorters in bangun.
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this is a leading indonesian environmentalist who is part of an organisation that tries to eliminate harmful chemicals. it says recycle, but it has ended up here. while burning plastic can lead to respiratory illness, it releases highly toxic chemicals. they can make it into the food chain. we take the samples of eggs and analyse them to the lab for dioxins and other chemicals. when dioxins enter the food chain, they
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are stored in animal fat, so this is a good way of testing the dioxins. it could be a very harmful level to people's health. we can now reveal that testing earlier this year found the second highest levels of dioxins in eggs ever recorded in asia, 70 times over the safe level set by the european food safety authority. the results of the research are one of the most shocking results that we ever had. especially in indonesia. we never have this kind of results before. you wouldn't get ill eating the odd egg. long—term exposure can lead to problems, damaging the immune system and even cause cancer. that is according to the world health organization. while the results of the first round of testing were shocking, the sample size was small. the team are still waiting
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on the results of the second round. 0n the other side of indonesia's biggest island, there is a village on the outskirts ofjakarta, in the middle of a fightback against unwarranted plastic waste. plastic is still being burned here, but things were much worse just a few months ago. the fumes have had a shocking impact on the people living in the local neighbourhood.
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at one point, traders were burning plastic nearby throughout the night. this man's daughter is three. she has had a bad cough, seizures and trouble breathing. the situation got tense. after discussions between local leaders and plastic traders, the bigger scale open burning plastic stops. there is evidence that a change in government policy is having an impact. they started stopping containers of waste from entering the country. lorries line the road outside local
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plastic factories. their content was seized. but it remains to be seen whether the government can stop the tide of importing, and if they cannot prevent people from burning plastic, things will only get worse. finally, millions of you have watched our interview with a divine liverpool fan who knocked himself unconscious on a lamp post while running after mo salah. louis fowler and his brother were trying to get the striker‘s attention as he was driving out of the training base. mo salah comes out of his car and sometimes they stop if you run after them. sometimes they stop anyway. so i ran with my brother and, because, in my excitement,
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i wasn't focusing on what was in front of me, i was looking to the left because that is where mo salah's car was, iran into a lamp post. i think that mo salah felt bad and he pulled over, he was worried about me. my brother and someone i met, they both told mo salah that i could have injured myself and that i'm hurt on the floor, so then they carried me back to my house and he called an ambulance, and we were not expecting mo salah at all. what happened ? he knocked on the door? mo salah is driving through our close in his car and we walked out, and mo salah checked if i was ok. he was really worried about me and we got pictures. it was great, but it was also not the best because of my nose. what do you think of mo salah? what car does he drive? a bentley.
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the bentley went into your close. what do you think about the fact he came back, took some photos? i think that is really kind hearted of him. it's a great trait. i love him very much because he's amazing. do you love him, too? yeah. what about you, joe? yeah, he is a top guy to be fair. so shocked when he came back because it might not be a big deal to some people, you've got to understand that these football players have cameras everywhere watching them. it is a big thing for him to come back. he's usually caring and compassionate towards the boys, and he made their day, so i want is a big thank you to him and everyone at liverpool. they are also great with the kids and we go and wait outside, which is most days. they are just so great and mo salah is a top guy. let's have a look at the photograph you had with him. we've shown it already, but... you still look really upset there, i think.
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i've got two boys and i feel really maternal. 0bviously that is your hero, he is a legend for coming back, but all this blood pouring down your face, and your eyes look a bit teary. it was because... when i hit the lamp post, my nose was bleeding quite bad and going down to my mouth and all sorts, so i was really happy to see mo salah. but at the same time, my nose was in so much pain so it was kind of a sad smile. i don't know. i know what you mean. well, listen, what do you want to say to him, finally? if mo salah was watching right now, what would you say? i would say i love him, he is the best and hopefully he scores a hat—trick against chelsea. what would you say? i would say he's the best and he is so nice to everyone, he has such a kind heart. he'sjust like... i hope he scores as well.
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thank you so much. you have been an absolute delight. that nose will keep on getting better. looks good. that's it for now. we are back onjanuary 6th, live at 10am on bbc two on the bbc news channel. meantime, if you have a story, you can contact us on twitter. thanks for watching. hello, good morning. if you are still looking for some days to go out and take a festive walk and burn off those calories, the next few days it's looking largely fine and dry, wild weather to end 2019. lots of sunshine out there at the moment, that's the scene from our weather
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watcher in east sussex. some rain affecting scotland at the moment, gradually moving south, weakening as it does so but a spell of rain across northern areas through today, you can see the rain moving into northern ireland, eventually pushing into the lake district, by that stage the rain will be quite patchy. there will be sunny spells developing in scotland, and for much of england and wales, still misty and murky in places but that mist is lifting up and there will be sunny spells and quite a mile today, maximum temperatures getting up to around 10—12d. three denied in continuing to ease and it will be an area of cloud as it moves into southern areas but the cloud across the south will act as a blanket, preventing frost whereas across northern england, scotland, northern ireland, you can see the blues, there will be frost around first thing tomorrow morning, temperatures down to —1 or minus two degrees, further south the temperatures are staying at about six or seven celsius. new year's eve, we have this area of low pressure to the south—west, very weak weather system
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across the uk, just bringing some cloud and showers down to the south—west of england. the isles of scilly, cornwall, west devon. a bit more cloud rebels, the midlands, the south—east of england, best of the sunshine through northern england, eastern and across scotland, it's a bit chilly here tomorrow, temperatures li—6d, double figures in the south. if you're heading out on new year's eve, lots of fine weather to greet us as we go into 2020 stops and cloud across western areas, perhaps some fog are starting to develop as we approach the midnight hour but if you are going to watch fireworks, it is going to be dry really across the country, with just a bit of cloud around. so, new year's day, what does it bring us? high pressure to the south—east, that will bring a ridge of high pressure towards the uk, that will mean again it will be largely fine and settled. there will be some mist and settled. there will be some mist and fog in the morning, tending to clear away, some cloud around but there will be holes developing in there will be holes developing in the cloud so some bright and sunny
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spells into the afternoon, maximum temperature is about 5—9d. as we go into 2020, the weather looks fairly quiet, there will be a spell of wet and windy weather on thursday before quieting down again into the weekend. goodbye for now.
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this is bbc news. i'm simon mccoy. the headlines at 11: a british teenager is convicted by a cyprus court of falsely claiming she was raped by a group of israeli tourists six months ago. her lawyer is planning an appeal. there was supporting evidence, we say, which goes to show that she was actually telling the truth. and it's very worrying for a court to rely upon a retraction statement. the world will face irreversible heating unless firms shift their priorities soon — a warning from the outgoing bank of england governor. i would say we're in a climate crisis, just like a financial crisis. i think what's essential on this topic, on climate change, is that we have a cross—party, nonpartisan approach to it. too late to evacuate. thousands risk being cut off as scores of fires burn out

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