tv Charlie Rose Bloomberg July 24, 2015 6:00pm-7:01pm EDT
>> from our studios in new york city, this is "charlie rose." charlie: tom friedman is here. he is a former -- foreign policy columnist. he spoke with resident barack obama about the nuclear deal with iran soon after it had been announced. here's how the president defined the agreement with tom. president obama: we are not measuring this deal by whether we are solving every problem that can be traced back to iran whether we are eliminating all their new various activities around the globe. we are measuring the steel and that is -- measuring this deal
and that was the original premise of this conversation. iran could not get a nuclear weapon. that was always the discussion. what i am going to be able to say and we will be able to prove is that this, by a wide margin is the most definitive path by which iran will not get a nuclear weapon and we will be able to achieve that with the full cooperation of the world community and without having to engage another war in the middle east. charlie: in washington secretary of state john kerry told congress that the rejection of the accord would give to rent a green light to -- tehran a green light to accelerate their program. secretary kerry: this will be rigorously scrutinized or no
deal. that is the choice. charlie: i am pleased to have tom friedman back in this table. it is a big deal. tom: 36 years that we have had this hostile relationship. in 1979 i was a reporter on fleet street for upi london and my losses came to me one day and said the number two man in the bureau has been shot by a man robbing a jewelry store. would you like to go to beirut? the radiant revolution was just happening. we are -- we were in the middle of it. that is when i stepped into the middle east and i realized thinking about it in the wake of what happened, my entire career has been framed by this u.s.-iranian cold war. charlie: connected to it. you were there with the president the day after he announced the deal. you're sitting with him. give me a sense of how it felt in terms of him -- in terms of
his sense of what this moment was about, this conviction that this was the only way to go, and his sense of what it meant for him personally. tom: two words stand out to me. this was the morning of. one you just used, conviction. this was not pretend. this is a president who agree with him or disagree with him, really believes he is -- has shut off the pathway for iran to break out with a nuclear weapon for the next 15 years. number two, he has an extremely tight logic around which he makes that argument. and number three, something he does not say but i really believe he believes. obama is someone who believes in hunting big game. that is what you are here for. and if you can in a prudent way, in a way that serves the
national interest and leaves us protection to reverse things if they go bad, if you could take a radel ship like the u.s. iran relationship and begin to turn it in another direction, that is a really important thing. it is a high risk thing. i believe he feels he came there to hunt big game. this is one of the biggest game he was out to hunt. charlie: the other big game was obamacare and getting osama bin ladin. -- osama bin laden. this deal did not start yesterday. they began to build the sanctions hoping it would deliver what happened last week. tom: the first illicit iranian programs were revealed under president george w. bush and when he took power them a iran had several hundred centrifuges.
the bush administration, condi rice gets credit for putting the p5 together. this contact group to negotiate with iran. where the first -- first bush administration failed, they launched and lost the iraq war. when you launch and lose the iraq war, you completely open the wider arab world to iranian influence because we broke the dam of sumi -- sunni power and did not replace it. you discredited the military option. were i think bush failed is it is an important predicate, this is important. internally they could never agree to use a military option to stop with the iranians were doing or the diplomatic option. cheney was a hardliner. even though they construct the
p5 to do negotiations, they could never quite get their act together to frame the negotiations. obama comes in and i think he says two things. even that he says all options are on the table he does not believe that and no one believed anymore that force was an option because there was such more fatigue in the country -- war fatigue in the country. people did not want to go to war over this. obama does, what i will do is construct a real diplomatic choice. i will get the sanctions wrapped -- ratcheted up so the pain on iran is high and i will put a carrot on the table that you can and this was very controversial and remain so, you can keep acres -- constraint nuclear infrastructure if you eliminate your ability to make a weapon. charlie: he is a guy who believes in negotiation believes in dialogue. whether it is the law professor
background or whatever it is. the bush people would not agree they lost the iraq war because they believe they were able to do what they did because of the surge. and the question of whether he had given up the military option, i suspect if someone walked into his office, they would say we would have to do something. i would not have iran getting a nuclear weapon on my watch. tom: the iranians were very smart about that so they always stayed below that threshold. charlie: he does have that conviction. is he right? tom: i hate to resort to that cliche. here is what i feel. i feel like there is a party we have not heard from very much at all in this and that is the iranian people. ultimately, i think they are going to be the most important determinant of this. why do i say that estimate is go back to a conversation we had a
couple of years ago when ronnie -- rahani was elected president. the ayatollah allowed five men to run for president. there was mr. black, and mr. black. the overwhelming number of iranians voted for mr. slightly light black. they were tired of being isolated from the world. one of the things you learn is they have had enough islam to know they want less of it and they have had enough democracy to know they want more. charlie: they thought the previous election had been taken away from them. tom: that is, the supreme leader had to let rahani be elected. charlie: they knew what they
were doing when they selected the foreign minister. tom: look at what the supreme leader has done since that crackdown in the 2009 revolution. they have used up a lot internally. these guys are survivors. and so all i am saying is that people who will shape iran's behavior more than anything is that wider public opinion. charlie: back to the president's conviction. you seem to argue in your columns that it is the best option and can be an effective option is properly implemented and augmented. tom: i think that is really important. one of the things that has concerned me from the beginning, you can see -- do a simple arms-control deal with someone you trust. you can do a complicated deal with someone you do trust. we have that with south korea and japan.
complicated arms-control treaty with someone you do not trust is really complicated. the opportunities for mess ups, sensors not working, someone not showing up, for cheating it puts a huge, especially when you're talking about entire sites and the supply chain. the bad news is that it is comprehensive. the complexity of overseeing something this comprehensive i think we are going to hear a lot more about that challenge. charlie: the president is making this argument. there are no better alternatives. this may not be a perfect deal as he would like. he did not get everything he wanted. when you look at the alternatives it leaves much to be desired. tom: i have written -- in the run-up to this deal i am concerned we have not gotten up
from the table and walked out. charlie: we do not need this deal. tom: they need it more than we do which i ultimately believe they did. the issues the question of observing and getting access to suspicious sites not covered in the deal. i would have liked to see half that at the maximum. 24 days as longtime -- is a long time to get access to a suspicious site. there are things i wish we would have bargained harder on. that i would have liked to see is hold the line on. the one where they are most vulnerable, once you decide that iran will keep its basic infrastructure which was a huge concession which again, they believe they had to do because iran had built all this and they had the know-how and the could rebuild it again. charlie: they were not going to tear everything down. tom: once you took the military option off the table you had no leverage. there is the question of an
assist to suspicious sites that are not covered by the deal and the other and i understand why it is not art of the negotiations but where the iranians could give a huge boost to the president is releasing the four americans. that would get people's attention. charlie: why did they hold on in the first place? tom: it is the revolutionary guard holding them to screw up the deal. the question now, is the supreme leader going to say enough is enough? you want -- one of the things that struck me, i have been to iran and saudi arabia in a short time in the 1990's. what strikes you must about iran is iran has real politics. the biggest issue being debated was someone had it up a
resolution and the iranian parliament, why are we giving all this money to the palestinians? i did a double take. that is a real story. these are persians. why are we giving this money to arabs is the undertone of this. what you are going to see is more real politics emerge rate of that i am certain. i would predict no linear path but on the question of no option , i have listened closely to the critics because i consider myself not a soft liner. iran having a potential nuclear weapon is a huge blow to the nuclear nonproliferation regime and that affects is very much in america. in a region that is already a powder keg. i just do not hear anything coming from the critics that persuades me that will be better
than this. i understand prime minister netanyahu's reluctance, but what do i hear him saying? more sanctions would lead to a better deal. the iranians are perfect and logical. if you increase the pressure, they will increase the concessions. tuesday and thursday he says they are wild and crazy. if you give them a bomb they will drop it on the jews the next day. are they rational or irrational? i do not take israel's concerns lightly. i covered a lot of iran's handiwork firsthand. i covered the bombing of the u.s. and this -- embassy. i covered the bombing of the u.s. marines in beirut. i was in israel when has blood emerged. has blood has been a terrible organization. first and foremost for lebanese shiites and for lebanon in
general. i am stunned the degree to which hezbollah has become the catchall entirely -- catspaw of iran and not a lebanese organization promoting the interests of lebanese shiites. but show me a credible pathway that will deliver more security to more people in more places. charlie: the president argues this thing ought to be looked at only in the confines do we stop them from getting a tom. that has to be a high priority. we ought to do with this and perhaps we can embed this deal in terms of some new effort along that line but if they did have the bomb and they were doing all these things, there would be much more of a terrible weapon for them to have in their own if area's activities. tom: i share that view. you have to stay focused, eyes on the prize. let's lock a way a bomb at your way from assembly for the next
15 years. let's also remember something else. we have basically because we have been so isolated from iran our view of the middle east for 36 years has been deeply colored i relationships with israel and saudi arabia and the arab gulf states and they have their own interests. and turkey as well. the idea that iran is all black and they are all white as the driven snow is simply a fantasy. 15 of the 19 hijackers on 9/11 were from saudi arabia. none of them iran. iran was the only country that had spontaneous demonstrations in support of america after that. charlie: some argue what drives isis is wahabism. tom: last june, i was a commencement speaker at the
university of understand. i was talking to iraqi officials because -- they said it was very interesting. the people said isis went around to doors and the homes of christians, they put an arabic [inaudible] four nazarene enans. we discovered it is an archaic term for shiites that comes from saudi arabia. isis, my view is the guidance system was straight out of saudi wahhabi-ism. the iranians pushed maliki to push and crackdown on the sunni arabs of iraq to the point where they were ready to welcome him.
they're both arsonists and firefighters. they come and say we will help you put out the fire. you guys lit the fire. charlie: we have to do something about the fire regardless of whether they lit it or not. tom: the saudis are also arsonists and firefighters are you the idea that we have some -- our interests in the middle east are the following. we are there -- let's try to build order. where there is order, try to make it a little more decent. either is decent order, jordan uae, kurdistan, try to make it more consensual and where there is consensual order tunisia, lebanon, protect it like a rare flower. we got to go right down that checklist, it seems to me but do not buy into anybody's schtick.
there's a deep shia-arab-sunni thing going on. i have said before --exec. it is so deep. iran is like your big brother walks out and slams the door. charlie stakes the -- takes the stereo. and we have a soul relationship with dad in washington. 36 years later, big brother is back. i won my pen, i want my stereo, i want my bicycle, that is what is going on area the arabs are freaking out because there has never been an iranian ambassador in washington. they had the sole monopoly based on dialogue here. that is going to break down and that is a good thing because ultimately what have we learned? have learned -- we have learned
two things about the middle east. we tried in afghanistan and iraq and libya. there is a reason to act with humility and not think you can remake all of this. number one. there is a reason to understand if you think one side is all black and the other side is all white, you have been there too long. you need to come home. any to check out, spent some time in thailand or some other country because it is a confiscated story. -- a complicated story.
charlie: one idea is if this deal does not work, the sanctions will fall away. they will not be able to if the u.s. congress is no and the president's veto is overridden that there will be no chance to go back to sanctions because everybody views the -- uses the sanctions to get them to the table. we suffered from it because the economic consequences -- we bought into the argument that the deal was possible if we cap 2 -- tom: we have fracking, we have
no problem with oil but there are a bunch of countries, indonesia, malaysia, india, japan who need access and would and if it from access to iran's natural resources. they are sacrificing. the idea that they will continue to sacrifice after we do a deal but then the congress decides to pull the plug at the behest of the prime minister of israel. how many of them will keep signing on to that? for how long? that is a real challenge. i would like to look at an alternative. this is an imperfect deal but i do not see one. the fair-minded people who do not come at this hating obama or looking at it through politics i do not see a lot of fair-minded people showing me a pathway that can get us from here to there. could they have bargained better? could john kerry have in more ferocious?
that is open for debate and discussion but we are where we are. charlie: john kerry played a crucial role. tom: that is the strength of john kerry. he is not someone who gets up from the table. i will keep beating at you and he deserves a lot of credit. charlie: the argument is we will delay it for 10 to 12 years but they will get a nuclear weapon after 10 or 12 years. they can -- they continue to do research and in the middle east 10 or 15 years is not a long time. once the get a weapon, all hell will break loose and the 21st century is changed. tom: a country of 85 million people that has been a great civilization, that educates its men and women that believes in science and technology, if it
wants to get a bomb, it will get a bomb and they have proven this under the most severe sanctions possible. the idea that we can somehow permanently prevent them from getting the nuclear fuel cycle with sanctions or without is an illusion. they demonstrated they could do it. what the critics say and there is legitimacy to this but we are blessing it going forward. that is a matter of concern and dispute. they are going to get this capability. the question is, will they have the intention and i have argued we need to be signaling through congress much more forcefully authorizing the president. clearly the right to destroy and iranian nuclear weapon if they develop one. charlie: we hope you are listening.
this president and future presidents can use all means necessary to stop you. tom: all in caps. they need to know if they get the cycle enriched, iran acquiring a bomb crosses a red line for us. it will be bad for the world. charlie: i do not understand why the prime minister said rather than trying to attack you to say this is a historic disaster, he might not have artistic paid it to say let's do what we were talking about so we are there on the inside try to have some influence because of the inevitable likelihood that you prevail, we are on the outside. the president made clear we will always support israel. tom: instead of getting himself
invited by john boehner to give his third address to congress without informing the white house, he called the president barack obama and said this issue is so important, i want to bring the heads of the five major political parties in israel, all of us agree that iran must not get a bomb and the deal we are heading for his disasters, we would like to meet with you in private, sir, and kim david. you and your national security team so you understand our view and our red lines and you can -- i would like to meet with the democratic and republican caucuses to share with congress our view. charlie: but not publicly. tom: not on the eve of my election which raises suspicion. where did his motive start and his political interests start. israel has legitimate concerns. you think of the eight years of
ahmadinejad the holocaust denial conferences, the awful, vile things this man said and did and supported. you look at the attack in argentina on the israeli diplomatic mission in the jewish community center clearly agents of iran. israel has legitimate concerns and i do not expect the israelis to like any deal that would empower iran. i get that. i think they would be advancing us they got a credible alternative and it is not just getting a bunch of congressmen to vote with them for mixed motives because they're are going to do it for political reasons. charlie: do you imagine the israeli government would act on their own if in fact, congress does not stop this deal? tom: i would imagine that if israel felt that iran had moved from where they are now, three months break out in the interim deal, that was moving toward a
bomb and israel detected it. i would expect the israelis would do anything they could and come to us encourage -- and encourage us to do it. it is something we would listen to. prime minister netanyahu, some people criticized him and some praised him. he is one of the most cautious israeli leaders. he is not a man who is, he is rhetorically quick to the draw but he has been risk-averse in terms of this kind of activity. he has in there for eight or nine years. there is a huge debate and it will be coming out more in the next few days within the security establishment. you will hear more voices. you hear retired mossad people saying this is not that bad area
that's learned to live with it. the foreign minister used to say to his hawkish radix. he said we are not a disarmed costa rica. we do have over 200 nuclear weapons of our own. charlie: there is the remark that the palestinians never miss an opportunity to miss an opportunity. tom: there's a point about compare saddam's behavior and iran's behavior. three times, saddam hussein should the dice on this regime. took a hail mary out. he launched a war against iran in 1980. he invaded kuwait thinking he would get away with it. and third, he stared george bush down, i will not let you in with you and inspectors even though i am not hiding a bomb. this is a guy who shook the dice
three times. show me where the iranians have ever done anything half that reckless, you know what i mean question mark these are survivors. i wish there were some way to begin that they would on their own the jewish people have a deep and long and positive history with persia and it is the relationship between the jewish people now and the persian nation is inorganic. we have a much more organic -- many persian jews with font memories of their times and iran. there is a deep history there. charlie: the argument you have made, if you look at the middle east because of the internet, there is within every country a group of people who want to participate in the world and they are prevented from that by people who claim to be friends of the united states. tom: i think everything is going
to happen. you're going to see crazy stuff about israelis and iranians communicating on twitter. you will see deals, you will hear about shady backroom deals and ugly behavior at the same time. in 10 years we will see where the balance is. charlie: this is part of the argument as well. this $100 billion a comes into play that currently -- clearly the resident said they will use that to support has blood. iranians will have an influence in human and we cannot stop that. we know that that money in part will go to their efforts to make their behavior even more egregious. tom: why can't we stop it? i point out two things. the reason has blood -- has
hezbollah is successful the party has been divided. that allows them to play [inaudible] how many opposition groups are there? you have hezbollah against everybody else. what has been the historical problem of the arab world? tribalism. iran can spend all the money in the world created could put 100 billion in two hezbollah. if the sunni arabs got their act together they could trump that in a second. iran today in my view, there in all these capitals, they are overextended. just in the way we were, they are the mirror image of what we
were seven or eight years ago. i do not dispute the money but right now with all the money hezbollah has got, hezbollah has never been less popular in lebanon and there has never been more vocal, open criticism by shiites and lebanon saying where -- how did we get involved in this war in syria? charlie: even though they were devastated by the war, they have added since then and the capacity of missiles are said to be greater. tom: that was one of the points the president made create you have to get your stuff together. why are your sons going off to join isis? how do i deal with your hezbollah problem when there are 2000 site -- saudi's that went to join isis is to went turkey opens its border and then closes
its border. there are so many games being played here. the president deeply resents, i am not going to send any more american men and women into this end of vipers. it's like you need an apple watch on each one of these guys that broadcasts friend or foe. it is not clear who is friend and who is foe here. tom: you support the decision he made in respect to syria question mark -- to syria? i was on the side of not interfering -- intervening. when it starts with us it ends with this. it is not self-sustaining. charlie: what is the formula for dealing with isis? tom: it goes back to what i was
saying before. we have to look for the islands of decency. jordan, kurdistan, baghdad, coalition, empower them and build on that. if they are ready to fight against isis, i am ready to aid them in any way i can. i will not put american roots on the ground necessarily. we can only build on cities -- sunnis ready to take down these awful isis. charlie: your -- these guys are thinking about their own future. there organizing they are doing more in terms of taking territory and trying to organize that territory in making allowances for the fact that one
or more of them might be hit riot drone. -- hit by a drone. tom: why is it taking territory? this is the single most underestimated force in politics. why did they let isis in and they basically let them in. maliki, the shiite prime minister of iraq was so hammering the sunnis firing their generals, taking money away, that basically they said these guys -- these awful guys are less awful than those guys. charlie: that is beginning to change. tom: they understand if they want to keep that they have to govern it. it always goes back to this question. why is it going back to
afghanistan, where the ones saying we just got to train a few thousand more. and who train the taliban? who trained al qaeda? charlie: the silver bullet is training them to make the fight. tom: training is a byproduct of an allegiance to a set of ideas and values and if you have got that, you do not need any training. if you do not have that, all the training in the world will not hit you to stand and fight except for your own home. charlie: his time on their side or outside? tom: if you redraw the middle east map, what is the rational way you would do it? you would go back to the only peace agreement that has held all these years and that is the lebanese peace agreement.
forged in 1989. it was built on one principle. no victor, no vanquished. the minority gets overrepresented. the christians were 30% but they got 50% of the seats. that is how the lebanese civil war ends. syria and iraq will only end when the shia and sunni's say to each other we cannot kill all of you, you cannot kill all of us. syria will become a city dominated country with the alawites getting extra protection as a minority. iraq will be a shia dominated country. 30 is from now, i promise you hopefully we will still be here at this table. if this ends in the middle east it will be because rationality finally weighed in and the
iraqis, syrians, shia, and sunnis came to the deal that the tunisians came too early and the lebanese came to earlier. no victor, no vanquished. we have to find a way to share this. the minorities get overrepresented and we march on. charlie: the iranians get involved in syria where he said that. you ask him. the russians get involved. and the interesting thing is the president said to you the russians played a positive role here. in the nuclear debate. tom: he went out of his way to say that. there is the potential here for the mother of all grand bargains and this goes back to versailles. it would start with u.s. russia and ukraine, the eu agreeing that russia will lease crimea for 99 years.
in return, pay rent to ukraine in the form of natural gas. putin does not have to climb down. as we find a way to get put in out of the ukraine tree which is what he would like an back into the game where he would be somewhat of a partner in resolving syria and iraq. you do that, you got a chance for a different trajectory in that part of the world. charlie: do you look and see i can travel and then tell everyone about it? tom: the best job in the world. charlie: tom friedman back in a moment. stay with us. ♪
charlie: his piece in this week's issue takes a look at the death of the argentinian prosecutor. he accused cristina kirchner of covering up iran's role in the deadliest terror attack in the country's history. day later, he was found dead of a gunshot one to the head create is called the latin american equivalent of the jfk assassination. i am pleased to have dexter back at this table. take me to the story.
dexter: it is an amazing story. there are so many threads, so many countries involved. it was the bombing of the jewish center in argentina probably carried out by iran and hezbollah. you had this prosecutor who was totally driven and assessed by this case. he was not going to be stopped. he was going to get to the bottom. he plugged on the case for years and years and he indicted the leadership of the iranian government. the iranians laughed at him. he went to interpol and got the arrest warrant secured. what happened and i think when i went -- what i went down to look at is two years ago, the argentine government announced it had made remarkable -- a remarkable deal with the iranians. it was a strange deal, to set up a truth mission to investigate this terrorist army which
everyone more or less assumed the iranians did. he investigated the government and the government of argentina. what he found and what he claimed to have found was there was a secret deal that the argentine government had not told him about. charlie: what is the incentive to forget? dexter: grain, oil. there was a deal to forget this terrorist attack. he was on january 15, he was scheduled to appear in front of the committee of the argentine congress and testify. 12 hours for, he is found dead in a pool of blood in the bathroom of his apartment with a pistol in his hand. that is the case so the corner
world -- the coroner ruled suicide. nobody really believed that. very few people believed it at the time. the question is, how did he die? was it murder or suicide and that is what i went down there to figure out. charlie: do reasonable people think this could have been suicide? dexter: he was found in his apartment. the doors were locked. in his own blood with a pistol that was used to kill him. charlie: his friends can testify what his mental state was in if he had ever talked about suicide, whenever. dexter: what i found was exactly that. i talked to his friends, the circle of people around him. nobody told me that he was
suicidal, even depressed. in any way inclined towards any of that. even hours before. he is sending e-mails people hours before he is supposed to hear in congress. i cannot wait to get in there. i am really fired up in the find him dead in his apartment. there is a lot of very intriguing evidence. he got the gun -- this is where it gets really weird area there are so many layers to this story. he was terrified the last couple days of his life. he would not leave his apartment. he sent his mother out to get groceries. he said he overheard wiretapped conversations that iranian intelligence was coming after him. he was nervous. he called an employee in his office and said, do you have a gun? i spoke to that employee.
he said i did not want to give it to him. it is this gold -- old gun, this old pistol. he persuaded me to ring it over, and give it to him. i said, do you think he was going to kill himself? he said i was afraid he would use that gun to kill someone else. that happened hours before he was dead. so the question is, there is a gap. a few hours later he is dead. what happened? charlie: what did you conclude? dexter: i did not answer it direct the. i did not get a confession from the assassin. if you read my story from beginning to end you will see first of all how enormously complex and far-flung this was and how much pressure the sky was under. i think i have to say i find it
hard to believe that he killed himself. if only because there was absolutely no one, no one who seemed to think he was even remotely inclined towards that. on the other hand, there are so many people who wanted him dead. he got death threats all-time. he was humiliating the argentine government, and i should say i his accusation was probably true. the argentine government was trying to cut a deal with the iranians to forget the terrorist attack. there was a lot of people in the government who would be deep embarrassed by the revelations that he was prepared to deliver. and so the iranians had a lot to loses well. -- to lose as well. i could not find anyone who told me who knew him well who thought he was inclined to suicide create on the other hand, i could not -- i found a lot of people who had a motive to hurt
him or shut him up. charlie: we have a weapon and a motive and what else do we need here? did anyone hear anything, did anyone notice any cars speeding away? dexter: what is really strange about the case is it was based on a series of wiretapped conversations. it was a little hard to explain but this deal, the secret deal between argentina and iran was basically being carried out by some freelance off the books guys. one of them was an argentine [inaudible] this was one of the stories where like many stories, god is in the details and when you go into these details, it starts to look at least for me coming it looked more and more like
suicide was not a likely cause of death. i should say, a medical examiner that was hired by his common-law wife and another one who went down there conclude that he was murdered. charlie: the relationship to cristina kirchner about all this. at one time she had a good relationship with him. dexter: yes. she would come to the united nations. whenever the -- i'm in the dead -- almond dinner john would come in, they would walk out. i think what happened honestly is -- i interviewed the president and she said look this terrorist attack is 21
years old. we have never been able to solve it create we have never brought justice to the victims, to the survivors. what am i going to do? wait another 21 years? i think that was her argument. i was trying to find a way to get some kind of resolution. she admits we had these secret negotiations and we went to set up this truth commission. that was a cover story for much more significant secret agreement that was made under the table. she denies that. charlie: does anyone have evidence of the secret agreement? dexter: quite a bit. and the days before, four days before he was found dead, he turned in a 300 page report to a federal judge in argentina. there is a lot of detail and a lot of compelling evidence. there is no smoking gun that
says absolutely, president kirchner -- charlie: are you suggesting most people believe in -- it was the iranians or did it, it was accomplished, friends of the president did it, or it was -- who else had something to lose? dexter: as you mentioned at the top, i said this in the piece, it has become the jfk assassination. everyone has a different theory. if there was -- there was a poll that was taken after he was killed, 70% of the argentine people believe the government was involved. involved in his death. and that he was murdered. i do not know. he had identified very mysterious person who was working on this case. named in these transcripts,
allen. this is an argentine intelligence officer or festering the secret deal. -- orchestrating the secret deal. there were certain people who wanted to shut him up. he is buried in the jewish cemetery in buenos aires. the rest of it i think is frozen. i think the tragedy of this murder or of the suicide, whichever one it was, is that whatever else happened in the case, he knew this case better than anyone. he carried the case in his head. what does that mean question -- what does that mean? it is likely to die with him. will we ever get any kind of
♪ emily: it has changed the way we watch video, redefined going viral, challenged governments, and even launched the career of justin bieber. today, youtube, now owned by google has more than 1 billion users, uploading 300 hours of video every minute. it all started a decade ago with a trip to the zoo. and one of the founders says he is not quite done changing the way we are entertained. joining me today on “studio 1.0,” youtube cofounder and former ceo, chad hurley. chad, thank you so much for being here. chad: thanks for having me.