tv CNN Newsroom CNN October 5, 2014 11:00am-12:01pm PDT
the demands, we would need 1.5 earths or 150% of the resources earth can provide. we've linked to the report on our website. thanks to all of you for being part of my program this week. i will see you next week. hello. these are the top stories this hour in the news room. >> we remain deeply concerned about what's happening in africa. not only because of africa, but because the longer it goes on there the more it might spread to other countries and the greater the risk to us. >> the ebola outbreak front and center from west africa to the u.s. this as the first diagnosed patient on american soil takes a turn for the worse. we'll take you the month where he's being treated right now. plus, expert analysis with
the former u.s. surgeon, david searcher. and the u.s. soldier believed to be the first casualty in the fight against isis. this as the parents of another american being held by isis speaks out. we'll go to the front lines coming up. and resuming the search for malaysian airlines flight 370. could this latest attempt with new technology solve one of the greatest airline mysteries of all time? we begin with news conference from the man leading the charge to fight the ebola virus in the united states. just a short time ago, cdc chief tom frieden spoke to reporters saying he has no doubt that ebola will be stopped in its tracks. >> we have no doubt that we'll stop it in its tracks in texas. it's worth stepping back and saying how ebola spreads.
ebola only spreads by direct contact with someone who's sick or with their body fluids. so the core of control is identifying everyone who might have had contact with them and making sure they're monitored for 21 days and if they develop symptoms immediately isolating them to break the chain of transmission. >> health officials aren't taking any chances and dallas police are racing to find another person who may have had contact with ebola patient thomas duncan. the person is considered low risk. ten other people who had direct contact with duncan are also being monitored. meanwhile, thomas duncan the only person diagnosed with ebola in the u.s. is fighting for his life. he is in critical condition. let's go to martin savidge in dallas. what more did dr. frieden say? >> well, as you said, he took a turn for the worse.
we anticipate to get an update on his condition in just a short while from hospital officials here. we don't know exactly a turn for the worse what it means other than he's gone from stable to now critical. but why or what complications he may be suffering other than of course he's fighting a deadly virus, the health officials have not gone into. then we want to talk about something else and that's this warning or alert that is coming out now from authorities here local authorities. there are as you pointed out about 50 people being monitored. ten are considered high risk and those are all accounted for. but the others, there is one person who is considered low risk who was monitored yesterday, but cannot be found today and that's troubling to authorities. police know who this person is, it's a male and apparently somebody who is homeless. in other words doesn't have a regular place they go. so authorities are out on the streets now where the name, with the identity and trying to locate that person for the purposes of monitoring them today. again, they're trying to stress
to the public -- this is a fine line for them. they want to find this person and find this person urgently but they person is not a risk, he's not infected but he's one of the people that you wanted to monitor on a daily basis. and so far today, they have not found that person. this is the head of the dallas investigation who put out a plea, judge clay jenkins. >> we just need to locate this individual and we can use your help in letting them know they're not in trouble. we want to move them to a comfortable and compassionate place and care for every need while we monitor them throughout the monitoring period. >> this is a tough one. you can see for authorities because of course when they say monitoring when they mean is they want to take the person's temperature, usually twice a day. so you want to say, we want to find this person, but you don't want to alarm the public in any way and you don't want to brand
this individual that they should be feared or somehow despised by the public. it's a very difficult thing to manage. it also points out once again that you may have a good, solid plan, but how do you monitor people that don't want to be monitored? >> right. >> so another complication that they're finding with this person. >> help me understand this. i know you said this person is considered low risk. however, you heard from the judge there who said we want to move that person into the comfortable place because you said this person might be homeless or maybe transient. moving around from place to place. they are not putting all of the low risk people in comfortable places for monitoring though, right? this is just an exception. >> right. what they have done is that those people who they are concerned could disappear or those people who out of fear might run away or because of misunderstandings, those are the ones that they have said, maybe we need to monitor more closely. by that they mean physically keeping an eye on their
whereabouts. the rest of the group are considered to be health officials or paramedics or those who would voluntarily who come forward to say i want to be checked every day. but there are others who may not feel law enforcement is so kind to them. so that's the problem when dealing with this kind of a circumstance. >> all right. thanks so much. martin savidge there in dallas. keep us posted. meantime overseas, we are learning more about the woman in liberia who eric thomas duncan came in contact with. she has since died from ebola. let's go to liberia and get an update from a reporter covering the outbreak for weeks now. she's in the hot zone in monrovia. >> reporter: fred, we have been speaking to the family of the 19-year-old pregnant teenage victim that thomas eric duncan is believed to have come in contacted with. her aunt who is quarantined and look argue the remaining
siblings and while the mother and father are in the ebola treatment center. no one thought for one moment that receives suffering from ebola when she dropped to the ground and that duncan was one of dozens of neighbors who rushed to her aid. she was in fact taken to a separate hospital, not to the ebola treatment center. and when she was brought back the family of the aunt says -- believes that she was suffering from complications from her pregnancy. it was only after eric duncan left to go to the airport that she passed away and then gave a positive test for ebola. it's not just eric duncan that people are concerned about here. it is all of her family, friends and loved ones. her best friend who helped prepare her body for burial has the disease and many, many of her neighbors and close friends are seeking treatment. fred? >> all right. thank you so much from monrovia. now the latest on the battle against isis, the fighting continues around the syrian town
of ka bany, along the border with turkey. isis fighters have reached the outskirts of the city. and cnn phil black is in the area and spoke with jim clancy from cnn and he said some locals are making a dash for turkey and are being met by tear gas by turkey authorities. >> largely from turkey because the ethnic group -- sorry, they fired more tear gas into the crowded area, jim. the crowd is responding. they're picking up the canisters and trying to throw them at a distance. it is in the air. it's certainly biting us but we're able to continue going at this stage. i think. okay. keep the gas mask close just in case. it's beginning to bite a little in the air. what i'm trying to say, jim, for the kurdish people it's their
homeland both on this turkish side of the border and of course on the syrian side as well. what it represents for isis is very much -- a very important strategic foot hold. that would give isis access to the vast section of the boarder which is large -- of the border which is a cue supply route for isis. >> thanks so much to phil black there. a 21-year-old marine is believed to be the first american casualty in the fight against isis. corporate jordan spears bailed out of an osprey military plane when it appeared it would crash. he has been declared dead, but his death hasn't been classified yet. it's not known if it will be considered a combat fatality. and pleas to spare the life of alan henning went unanswered,
so now the family of peter kassig have released a video asking his captors to show mercy and free him. >> reporter: a 26-year-old man from indiana held captive by isis. chillingly they have warned the world kassig could be the next victim following the brutal killing of alan henning. in agony his parents are appealing to those holding him. >> we know that the syrians are suffering. we also believe violence is not the solution to the problems that trouble us all. >> most of all, know that we love you. and our hearts ache for you to be granted your freedom so we can hug you again. and then set you free to continue the life you have chosen. the life of service to those in greatest need. >> reporter: captive for a year now, kassig's parents say their son had been helping syrian refugees. >> i just remember him saying he had a bigger calling.
he felt like he wanted to go out and do more for -- you know, just humanity as a whole which was so inspiring for me. you know, as a syrian, as an american with syrian roots to see someone that, you know, cared so much about a people he technically didn't have any relation to. >> reporter: kassig is from indianapolis, he went to north central high school and decided to serve, deploying to iraq with the army rangers in 2007. he went on to study political science at butler university. >> he always wanted to osomething that was bigger than his life as he said it. being part of a bigger picture. >> reporter: kassig soon changed course. training to become an emt and then setting out on another mission to serve. this time taking on humanitarian aid work. in 201 he was treating wounded syrians when he spoke to cnn in lebanon. >> this is what i was put here to do.
i guess i'm a hopeless romantic and an idealist. i believe in hopeless causes. >> reporter: one year later he was running a nongovernmental organization in turkey working on both sides of the syrian border to deliver food and medical supplies and to give refugees much needed medical care. >> he wanted to be on the ground, helping people. and he had some, you know, medic skills from his time in the military and so i think he saw this -- you know, saw a dire need and he thought he could help fill that need. >> kassig has been held captive for a year and his parents have tried to stay out of the spotlight but have been working to bring their son hope. supporters of michael brown surprised an audience at a symphony orchestra in missouri because they were the ones doing the singing. and student protesters in hong kong aren't backing down despite a government ultimatum. plus, a former u.s. general
answering your ebola questions next. you don't know "aarp." aarp's staying sharp keeps your brain healthy with online exercises by the top minds in brain science. find more real possibilities at aarp.org/possibilities. when folks think about wthey think salmon and energy. but the energy bp produces up here creates something else as well: jobs all over america. engineering and innovation jobs. advanced safety systems & technology. shipping and manufacturing. across the united states, bp supports more than a quarter million jobs. when we set up operation in one part of the country, people in other parts go to work. that's not a coincidence. it's one more part of our commitment to america.
student protesters in hong kong are running out of time after a week of paralyzing protests they have been ordered to clear the way to government buildings by monday morning. cnn's will ripley is there on the scene. so will, it's already 2:00 a.m. there. monday. any indication that the protesters are going to heed that warning and move out? >> well, we've move aid way from admiralty where we showed you yesterday the thousands of protesters who are still gathered at this hour. this is a key area, this is outside the office of the chief executive and this is the area that the hong kong authorities have says needs to be cleared to give government employees the chance to drive beyond this barricade, beyond those police
officers to get to work. 3,000 of them were forced to stay home on friday because the protesters refused to go. some of the students here, some of the protesters here did clear out. they listened to the government, but the ones you see here right now say they're not moving. many have goggles and protective face mask. they say they're waiting for what's to come. >> and as for these protesters who say they are going to stay put, what do they feel they're risking? >> reporter: well, essentially, as i have talked to protesters in the crowd, they say this is their only leverage. this is the only bargaining power they have. by being here on these streets, unwilling to compromise until they get the change they're demanding which is true democracy here in the city of hong kong and/or the resignation of the chief executive. both things aren't likely to happen any time soon, but i say they seem to be working more closely, fred w the authorities. one example, a short time ago when an ambulance needed to cross this barricade. this group of young men moved
the barricade aside, allowed the ambulance to pass through. and then they closed it back up again. so at least that is a sign that for emergency services, they seem to be willing now to compromise a bit more. but still, many people here are waiting to see what could happen by the time workers need to go to work a few hours from now. >> will ripley, thanks so much. keep us posted. the st. louis symphony orchestra came to a stop last night when a group of michael brown protesters started to sing. ♪ whose side are you, whose side are you on ♪ ♪ which side are you on which side are you on ♪ >> officials say at least 50 protesters sang the civil rights song which side are you on, near the end of intermission. and they held up banners with the birth dates of the 18-year-old michael brown, who was shot and killed by a ferguson police officer.
the protesters walked out quietly and no one was arrested. the symphony continued on with its other performances. all right, back to the top story, the cdc director is preparing to brief president obama about the ebola crisis tomorrow. this afternoon dr. tom frieden says the cdc is considering new entry screenings at airports. former u.s. surgeon general and cdc director dr. david satcher is here with me. so dr. frieden says that the cdc is taking 800 calls and e-mails right now. while health officials are saying don't panic, naturally people have a whole lot of questions. what does dr. frieden need to continue to convey to the public or perhaps he hasn't conveyed a message that you think should be conveyed? >> i think tom frieden is doing a great job. i think he's courageous and he's been very articulate on this issue. and i think it's appropriate to ask people not to panic. but i also think that's a reason
for serious concern. i mean, we live in a global community. so as we used to say, any outbreak that occurs anywhere in the world can be in this country within 24 hours. it is true that we have a stronger infrastructure than they have in africa. but it's still as we have seen recently doesn't mean that a person can't leave africa and come here after being infected with ebola. so vigilance is appropriate. >> because we're a transient globe, people are going to travel from one point to the next and it is incumbent upon those exiting countries that they take the temperature. but just as we saw in the case of thomas duncan, if that person doesn't have a temperature when they get on the plane, and they do become sick while they're airborne or perhaps once they come to the states, one has to wonder then what is the best preventative measure when you
talk about people traveling? >> well, let me say there's some good news here and the good news is as you heard, you can't catch ebola through the air. it's not easy to catch ebola. you have to come in contact with somebody after they become ill. that's important. if you can get infected from someone before they became ill, then i think we'd be in trouble. but i think as we know about ebola, you get it only after they have started to have fluids coming out of their bodies. either in terms of vomiting or diarrhea or other forms of sweat, tears. so that means that it's not easy to catch it. but it also means that it is a very dangerous disease and once it infects one, that person suffers rapidly. >> what kind of airport screenings would you advocate, whether it be on either side of the ocean? >> number one, i agree with taking temperatures and if someone has a fever that's a
serious concern and finding out where the person has been and whether they have been in contact with somebody who's had the disease. now, as we have seen with mr. duncan, people don't always tell the truth especially when trying to get to a country where everyone thinks we have the cure for ebola. we don't. of course, we can treat people better here than they can in africa. >> you were involved in the fight in zaire when ebola hit zaire, over 200 people died in that case which is a tiny fraction compared to what we are seeing in west africa. how would you compare the u.s. approach to helping to lead the fight against ebola? >> well, i say more people have already died in this outbreak than have died in all of the outbreaks before this one. when i was director of the cdc in '95, we had the outbreak in zaire. i think about 315 people were infected. 250 people died. so 80% fatality rate. so far, this outbreak has
involved only about a 50 to 55% fatality rate. so they're all different. but i think it's really critical for us to be more vigilant than we have been. and obviously, the emergency room situation in dallas, everybody now knows we should have been much more vigilant. not just the nurses but the doctors also. >> okay. you're going to stick around. dr. satcher is going to stick around because we'll talk about another virus that has parents worried. d 68 interrow vie us is. that's next.
female announcer: recycle your old fridge and get $50. schedule your free pickup at: all right. the other big health scare in america is the spread of the virus called enterovirus d68 or ev 68 for short. active cases are in 43 states, more than 500 people are infected and four children have died, including a child from new jersey who passed away on wednesday. former cdc director david satcher is back with me now. this is particularly scary for parents who are wondering to what extent can i protect my
child? what's the simple answer if there's one? >> unfortunately i don't think we know enough about ev 68 yet, but those who develop the symptoms of the virus which is similar to the symptoms of other viruses need to be closely guarded and protected. because what kills people, with many viral infections are other things that happen after they get the infection. so i think a few children have suffered paralysis. we don't understand that and why they're suffering i. but obviously there's an interactive been each individual's body and virus in terms of antibodies or not having antibodies. so i think we have a lot to learn. we need to be very aggressive with this virus. >> what does that mean, to be aggressive? because there's no antiviral medicine and people don't know they have it until they have it and then they, you know, get treatment like i.v. fluids or, you know, they're in areas that have been sanitized. what does it mean to be aggressive? >> for one thing it means
working hard to develop a vaccine. it means really learning as much about this virus as we can. when i went to the cdc in 1993, we had not seen hantavirus before. we used pcr to diagnose that outbreak, so we need to bring all off our technology -- all of our technology to bear on this virus and intervene as early as possible. education is critical. people need to understand the earliest symptoms, they need to respond as early as possible. i think that's the best way to protect children. >> what do you say to families, parents who are saying you know what? since i'm not sure how my child will be exposed to this, i won't let them go to school or go to the playground. i'm afraid for them to interact with anyone, touch anything. >> well, while i understand the sentiment i don't think it's merited yet at this point. there are a lot of things out there in the environment that children can encounter. we'd like to think that we have
vaccines for most of them. but when a new one develops, then we have to all get together and make sure that we keep eyes on our children and that we respond as rapidly as possible. i think it's an overreaction to say you're not going to send your child to school. >> as we enter flu/cold season, what do you tell parents, what do you tell people to look for? what are the identifying qualities of enterovirus? >> well, let me say since you mentioned flu season the first thing i would tell people is to get immunizeimmunized. less than half of the american people are getting the flu shot. we have many more people dying from the flu than from ebola or enterovirus 68. so we need to really respond to what we can do in terms of vaccines and taking the appropriate steps. so i would tell parents to be really observant of their children and as soon as the child shows the kind of illnesses that we're describing here, not just routine fever that we see what the common --
with the common cold, but children who have complications such as asthma and other problems are especially at risk. and need to be protected. >> all right, dr. david satcher, thanks so much and good to see you. >> good to see you, fred. all right. our legal ladies are coming up next. and we're talking ebola with them in terms of possible prosecution? the man infected with ebola in dallas could be facing charges in liberia and the u.s. that story, next. ♪ who's going to do it? who's going to make it happen? discover a new energy source. turn ocean waves into power. design cars that capture their emissions. build bridges that fix themselves. get more clean water to everyone. who's going to take the leap? who's going to write the code? who's going to do it? engineers. that's who. that's what i want to do. be an engineer. ♪ [ male announcer ] join the scientists and engineers of exxonmobil in inspiring america's future engineers. energy lives here.
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apologizes to turkey's leader after making remarks about him during a speech at harvard. he said that the turkish president admitted his country had made mistakes allowing foreign fighters to cross into syria. and he denied making any such statements and demanded an apology from biden. members of congress sought guidance from a higher power today. they went to red mass this morning in washington. the mass requests guidance from the holy spirit for all who seek justice and that includes the supreme court which begins its new term tomorrow. an american doctor treated for ebola in nebraska and released is back in the hospital. dr. richard sacre was transferred to another hospital in the boston area and is being held in isolation. doctors don't think he's had a rekurnss of ebola, but will keep
him hospitalized. the ebola infected man fighting for his life in the dallas hospital could face prosecution in his home country of liberia. an airport official says if thomas eric duncan lied on the questionnaire he filled out before flying to the u.s., charges will be filed. the associated press has a copy of that questionnaire and they're reporting that it says he did not have any contact with anyone with ebola. however, there are reports that he took a sick relative too a clinic that relative later died from ebola. let's talk about it with judge glenda hatcher and a criminal defense lawyer also with us. wow. this is really quite the signal that liberia is sending, right, tanya -- >> absolutely. >> if you falsify any information on this questionnaire, this is a deadly virus. you will seek prosecution. how would -- we will seek as a
country seek prosecution. how do they go about that? >> like with any charge or criminal allegation you have to investigate what is the proof? it's one thing to say he lied on a form, it's another thing to say that this person had ebola. so the question is what he knew, what symptoms that he's displaying and what did he check no to on the form? if they can definitely prove he lied and he fabricated and did that knowingly they have enough to prosecute him. the question will be as a practical matter whether he will survive to be prosecuted. i think that's the least of his worries at this point in time. >> so interesting i goes components here. if he survives, thank goodness he survives ebola but then he has to face prosecution. the other way of looking at it, liberia said we have to send a strong signal and we need people
to be as forthright as possible to prevent anybody else from being exposed. >> i think it's a deterrent. i'm hoping he will survive. but he's very sick. let's assume he survives and he goes back and they do prosecute him. it really is not for this man, it is a signal for all of the people who are traveling from this country and the president who has been very, very passionate on this issue doesn't want as a practical matter, fredricka, for the current economy to be further eroded. does not need the airplanes to stop flying there and she does not need or the any more scrutiny or any backlash. so she has to say -- now, legally, as tanya says, they have to prove it. they have to prove that he knew it. >> that he knew she had ebola. she was assisting.
but did he know -- >> she was also pregnant. >> right. so one of the neighbors who saw the whole incident -- the ambulance didn't come. that's what happened. she collapse, they get her to the hospital. the question is, did he know? did he know that she was sick with -- now, the neighbor said she had diedafterwards, that he left and he didn't know. >> what about potentially the u.s., would the u.s. consider facing prosecution -- anyone facing prosecution if they entered the country knowing they have been exposed? >> i think it depends. if there were an official document that asked someone have you been in -- a u.s. document, have you been in contact with anyone with ebola or whatever the question would be. if you falsify an official document, you can be charged. that is a law in probably every state in our union and the federal government has a making
false states to the federal official. >> you fill out the forms -- >> all kinds of forms. you can't lie on important government forms. if we get to that point, i hope we don't, but certainly a person can face prosecution if they lied knowingly. >> my big issue he went to the hospital and didn't tell anyone that he might have been exposed. >> he did say he came from liberia. >> right. but he didn't say that he was in an area and he might have been exposed and they sent him home with antibiotics. i would have hoped he would have said, look, check me for this. so he goes back and more people -- >> boy, so many mysterious mysteries around this. lots of questions unanswered. tanya miller, glenda hatchet. thank you. one of the most successful treatments for ebola has run out. why is it taking so long to make more? find out right after this. [ female announcer ] this is our new turkey cranberry flatbread before we craft it into a sandwich.
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here with more. >> well, fredricka, the u.s. lacks a treatment that's been thoroughly tested an vetted. so without other options doctors were forced to treat american victims with experimental drugs. the problem there is resupply. in fact, mapp biopharmaceutical who makes zmapp says production is lengthy and requires the growth of tobacco plants under light temperature and humidity. in fact one of the top researchers at the government said it could take up to two prompts to develop a fresh stock, so why doesn't the u.s. have the stockpile of approved drugs to file ebola? well, part of the answer could rest on sequestration. two government agencies faced cuts in 2013. and the cdc unit that fights infectious diseases lost $13 million in funding and the national institutes of health's budget was reduced by 5%.
one of nih's top doctors anthony fauci says that the cuts have hurt current efforts to fight the disease. >> both in an acute and in a chronic, insidious way eroded our ability to respond in the way that i and my colleagues would like to see us be able to respond to the emerging threats. >> the department of defense also funds research, in fact, one had a $291 million contract with the department of defense to develop an ebola treatment. the ceo told me that the contract was cancelled an cited budget cuts as the reason. but the government may be trying to make up for lost time. last year it approved $158 million for drug development and production alone. >> christina alesi, thanks so much. millions of muslims have gone to mecca and some are even taking selfies? why is that upsetting so many?
working with horses was always a part of my life. you always have to sometimes think ahead of them and i think that was also part of the reaction plan. you know? so anything happens on the court, i kind of reacted. and it helps me to, you know, to be flexible and to be fast. when you come back from tournaments and you have the stress of the big cities and the lifestyle that's completely different, you know, the horse is just a unique relationship. it was something that i had for myself that i didn't have to be perfect at. because in tennis you have to put it in the white lines and you want to win the matches and you want to win trophies. whereas on the horses i didn't have the same pressure of course. it was always a passion, that's why i wanted to keep it that way. [door bell rings]
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more people are taking selfies to mark the moment and it poses the question, does taking a selfie take away from the religious experience? >> the idea of hajj is for you to think about yourself, what you have done in life. take account of your life. ask for forgiveness. taking pictures, selfies or any other, you become a tourist. >> okay. i'm sorry, from the -- from the international desk. this is quite the phenomenon. i guess this used to be the sacred ground, but now introduce the selfie. >> right. and fred, this is the classic case of tradition clashing with the digital age that we live in, and the hajj is a journey. in the introduction to that, when the imam had said it was a time to think about yourself, we're joking, like they're thinking about themselves. and they're not thinking about
disconnecting from the material world which is the whole purpose of this journey. so this whole week during the pilgrimage of hajj, this whole hash tag hajj selfie fever has raised a lot of eyebrows and people are not happy about the smiling faces we are seeing here. i want to reference some of the tweets, you can see there's a verbal tit for tat all week. the first tweet is @classy mo, using the #selfie, it's just too much. come on people, we're supposed to go there to be in peace, not to show the world how we wear your sunglasses more or less which we saw in that earlier picture. and the second one opposing that, that view point, is also using the #selfie, there's nothing wrong taking pics in a holy moment. the clerics are saying, look, you have to be in the moment. have that mental memory. and this is your opportunity to
develop yourself spiritually. if you're clicking pictures every time you're going to every -- you know, every session that you have to do, then that kind of defeats the purpose. so back to your question, is in this digital age, is anything sacred anymore? >> yeah, okay. we will find out. clearly, at least not during this period. not there. see what happens next time. thank you so much. a new search for the missing malaysian airliner is scheduled to begin soon, but a brother of a missing passenger isn't optimistic that they'll find anything. we'll tell you why, next. red lobster's endless shrimp is now! the year's largest variety of shrimp flavors! like new wood-grilled sriracha shrimp or parmesan crusted shrimp scampi... as much as you like, any way you like!
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it's been nearly seven months since malaysia airlines flight 370 vanish and a new surge is about to begin in the indian ocean. but the relatives of those on the flight are not optimistic. here is paula hancocks. >> reporter: jackson never dreamt he would never wonder where his sister was. she was a passenger on the 370 flight. a mother and a grandmother, song was booked on the later flight but agreed to swap tickents with another passenger to help them out. airliner vanished on its way
from kuala lumpur to beijing. despite the search from the ocean where it's believed to have run out of fuel, not a single trace has been found. as a new phase of the search begins, song criticizes what he considers to be a lack of open information and investigation. >> without the investigation, the searching is no use. not in the right area, not in the right direction. the searching is -- it's a waste of time. waste of time. >> reporter: but australian officials in charge of the operation are cautiously optimistic the refined search area will bring results. it covers 60,000 square kilometer, roughly the size of west virginia or croatia. it could take up to a year and cost $48 million. how will it work? three ships will be equipped with a toe fish that contains sonar and a camera to be towed
about 100 meters and then data is transmitted to the ship and via satellite to the shore. >> how fast it goes depends essentially on the sort of terrain you're covering. that varies from quite flat plains to rivers and crevasses that require much closer work. >> reporter: ships have found dramatic challenges like underwater volcanos. some families have lost confidence in this search. some independent experts have even cast doubt on whether this is the right spot. the teams at sea are acutely aware that previous false starts raised false hopes. paula hancocks, cnn, seoul. martin savidge retraces the key moments of flight 370 and asked experts the questions we all want to know. be sure to watch "vanished, the mystery of malaysia airlines flight 370" this today at 9:00 p.m. we have much more and it all begins right now.