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tv   1968  CNN  May 28, 2018 7:00pm-8:00pm PDT

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that size, who threw it. >> it's been one of the roughest political museums in american history. we'll see how it all turned out. as we look at america we see cities enveloping in smoke and flames. we hear sirens in the night. we see americans dying in distance battlefields. we see americans hating each other, fighting each other, killing each other. >> mr. mixon i'm going to sting you and sting you look a harnett day in and day out. >> we got some difficulties ahead, but it really doesn't matter with me now, because identify been to the mountain top. >> there are prospects for peace in vietnam but no one know when
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peace will come. >> apollo sullivan starts the first american push to the moon. today on this flight all but finished the chans of reaching the moon by the end of next year. >> five, four -- we have ignition. >> on the basis of this spectacular success in apollo seven, it will be possible now for the next mission, that's apollo eight, three americans in orbit around the moon on christmas. i think we have some late words on -- and interrupt to bring this to you. this is the latest disclosure in the report from national defensive headquarters in washington. it has been established that
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persons who have recently died have been returning to life and committing acts of murder. >> a drive-in movie theater, i'm sure there were on films before but this is a zombie movie that creates new zombie movies. >> it was so gritty, it was in black and white, no recognizable scars, and it was as terrifying a film as i'd ever seen. and, what the health, three charges black, which is unexpected political statement. >> it's a really tense movie because they're in this house hiding out from these zombies and you get these weird social dynamics that goes back and forth between the characters. >> cooper. >> i'd never seen a film with a black man as the hero.
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he's the person who has the plan, he's the person that's going to save everyone. then you get to the next morning and this character, ben is one of the last survivors. >> let's go check out the house, there's something in there, i heard a noise. all right, hit him in the head, right between the eyes. this was six months after martin luther king was assassinated, here you had this great black male hero and he dies and get shot as well. as a kid, i took it to mean he was killed because he was black and that the hero can't survive if he's blacked. >> it worked as a scary movie and social commentary, on idea of the lone black hero in this white world, where it doesn't
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matter how noble you think you are, you're still a black guy. >> all summer for a segment of reasons, a thunder of discontent has rumbled on the horizon of the 19 ohm olympia. >> the olympic games live in enrique new york city. brought to you by the ford company. >> mr. edwards i think it might himself illuminate your position if you understand the boycott of the olympics. >> first of all we have to understand the ole pick society and in the world is the second meetings of the nations outside of nations itself and it's just as applicable. >> the olympic product for human rights and efforts to -- was to protoracism and discrimination in the united states and in sports in particular.
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>> i couldn't give you any information as far as a black athlete is concern at mexico city. allky say is you can expect almost anything. >> john carlos and tommie smith were sprinters from northern california, who were also political act i have on their own. >> there's no way you can plan for something like this because first you got to win, make it to the podium. there was an ongoing disposition and commitment to make a statement. >> olympic victory ceremony, 200 meters. >> john, carlos and tommie smith
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made it to the podium and both had the commitment and the courage to say before 100,000 plus people that we too are committed to the struggle. ♪ >> they raised their fist not in militant disrespect for the flag, but as a salute on behalf of all of the people who would never get to that station, never get to that podium to make a statement about human rights in this country. >> it was pretty courageous thing to do because they knew that was probe going to be, not just getting kicked out of the olympics but probably the end of
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their hope for athletics. >> what are you -- tommie? >> i'm going home. >> tommie and john were banned from olympic competition for life. the average person to this day does not understand the courage and the commitment that it took to do that. >> you understand that many white people in america don't agree with you, that there will be some backlash because of this. much backlash. >> to do something good you're always -- something will always find fight. so, i was prepared for this also. >> are you proud to be an american? >> i am proud to be a black american. kyle: mom! mom! kyle, we talked about this. there's no monsters. but you said they'd be watching us all the time.
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. in the year when most campaign talk has been -- wallace also objects to insert a certain urgency in his television appearances. >> i say to the an arkies in this country you'll have your day now because in 1996 you are -- your day as -- >> in october, wallace was a 21%. he had enlarged his constituency and widened his message. he began to reach more and more
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folks in the north. >> i'd rather vote for him than nix or humphrey because i don't like the two of them. >> wallace but default has a major problem, and nobody wants the job. so, first reach out to a happy chandler who had been commissioner baseball from kentucky, but they discover chandler is somewhat liberal on immigration issues, tha not going to work. they go back to the drawing board and consider colonel sanders, the fried chicken guy. >> he's a household name, so they contacted him, who basically said, don't be a fool i'm running a business. i'm not about to intagnize half my customers here. so, at that point wallace began talking about require retired general curtis la may. >> i'm very proud to have a man
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as my returning -- >> he was the generals responsible for the fire bombing of japan during world war ii and he was an evangelist for nuclear power. >> thank you very much governor. thank you for your confidence in me. >> the night before this press conference, wallace's aids sit le may down and tells him, whatever happens do not talk about nuclear weapons. the first question to le may is about nuclear questions. >> i think it's significant where it will be most sufficient to use nuclear weapons. >> lemay launches into this unbelievable defense of nuclear weapons. >> doesn't make much difference to me if i go v to go to war and get killed with a rusty knife or nuclear weapon. if i had the choice i'd lean
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towards a nuclear weapon. >> at that point, wallace is about to have a nervous break down. >> lemay went on -- a lot of animal -- back. >> the livestock out there is bigger, healthier than they were before. it might come to a conclusion to put 21 bombs on some place and improve it. >> he said the same grabs are hot. >> it just turned out to be politically a disaster. >> one more statement. >> and support for wallace seemed to go down hill after that. >> the latest pole released today shows that humphrey moved to 5 praeercentage points ony onyxson. >> the -- well it looks like we're going to winch that's a political line but a line he
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could barely have led with a straight face a month ago. >> humphrey late in the election, actually got out there to be who he was. >> mr. nixon was supposed to have this election in the bag, but ladies and gentlemen, when he opens that bag on november 5th, out will jump humphrey. >> hubert humphrey gained 15 points and we gained nothing in october. so all those democratic votes were coming on by they passed by us and went to hubert humphrey. >> i think you and mr. humphrey should get out vietnam and some other questions. >> i think mr. humphrey is having a hard time debating himself. >> the conceit behind the new nixon was that, that old whiny
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sad loser is gone. >> nbc presents roland and martin laugh laugh--in. >> i think we should get mr. humphrey in here for a sock it to me. >> sock it to me? >> difference in the campaign is that whenever possible the candidate is never in an environment that he can't control. >> get in there. >> the counsel to richard nixon was don't leave script. >> nixon makes the same speech every where he goes, all candidates do that. nixon is speaking on the issues of the day, he's saying there's a lot of things wrong with this country and he's promising to do something about it, he won't say what. >> my friends, i say to you,
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let's enlist the people of america, enlist their hearts and minds in the handling of america. >> america became great because of not what the government did for people but what the people did for themselves. >> you pass the puck back and forth, you play deference, so nixon basically went into a shell. >> richard the careful, richard so careful to do that he won't say anything about anything to anybody at any time. >> either he straddles every major issue, i'm going to send him some kind of talcom powder he must be getting saddle sore straddling all those issues. >> humphreys had a move, he was attacking us. we had done the same thing we had done in september. i've told nixon you've got to
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attack humphrey. if they get together, we lose the battle. >> as the big day draws nererer and the poll show hubert humphrey driving closer, the ice water generally beginning to flow but richard nixon's veins may be melting and nearing the boiling point. so i'm not happy unless my hands are dirty. between running a business and four kids, we're busy. auto insurance, homeowner's insurance, life insurance policies. knowing that usaa will always have my back... that's just one less thing you have to worry about. i couldn't imagine going anywhere else. they're like a friend of the family. we are the cochran family, and we'll be usaa members for life. save by bundling usaa home and auto insurance. get a quote today.
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george wallace's spirit appeared to be sagging. for several days he'd run into overwhelming protests and he was shouted down in el paso. >> wallace was a very affective demagogue. he knew how to get a crowd energized. he knew how to get them angry and violent, often that was the goal. >> the more people saw violent the more they'd say they need somebody who can stop the violence. >> if you want to stop all this you just vote for me november 5th. >> as time went on people began to say, maybe he's the person to stop it because he's the person making it happen in the first place. >> now, i don't mind speaking here but with you star throwing rocks that size -- who threw it?
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go ahead and throw another one. >> by this time i think he is frustrated, angry, wallace was more and more in fights with his campaign staff, who told him over and over again. i know that you see you're as a national candidate but the strategy is to throw this in the house of representatives. you're not going to win, we need to be campaigning in florida, virginia, texas, his ego wouldn't allow it. one of his last major rallies was in new york city. >> i'm sure "the new york times" took note of the reception that we received here in the great city, new york. >> he speaks to a packed crowd, the largest political gathering in mad son square garden's history. but, outside, it's ugly. >> george wallace bought his
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campaign to new york tonight, all of the hostility and anger that have built up around this campaign spilled into these streets. these were to whom the candidates frequently referred. he's a man that allows his emotional strem, love, hate and passion. those among the 16,000 were allowed inside appeared to have decided already to vote for wallace. >> done worry what the newspaper say about us, they can fool some of the people some of the time but they can't fool all of the people all of the time, you remember that. >> now here is frank rebels. >> good evening, there was nothing encouraging in today's session with north series that mesothelioma. >> there were a lot of words, the session lasted 2 1/2 hours.
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>> he thought if i can do this, not only will i varnish my own legacy but -- >> among top negotiators said there'll be no breakthrough in the peace talk until the bombing has stopped unconditionally. >> the united states have dropped more bombs on north and south vietnam than they'd used in the entire world war ii. >> north vietnam would not enter into any negotiations until all bombings stopped in vietnam. >> there's been no official announcement by this country until the one the president is about to make right now. >> i have now ordered that all
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airmail and artillery blombardment of vietnam cease. >> there are people who are going to speculate how the president was able to bring this about five days before the length. >> it was clearly designed to push humphrey over the top. my view was it was a ploy. >> if the democrats managed to settle the war by election day, election is over. richard knocnixon has no chance all. he respond with a very radical maneuver. nixon tells his team to use a woman to monkey wrench the negotiations in paris. >> anna, a fundraiser of nixon campaign is telling saigon stay away from peace talks and you'll get a better deal if nixon is
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elected. >> as my candidate joins me in this, neither he or i will say anything that destroys the chance to have peace. we want peace. >> i think it's -- for big people to be messing with the south vote that mezze ambassador. anybody keep measures to all the crowd they're just tied up for a few days. >> lbj feels confident to move forward. the mission that north vietnam has been met. so peace talks, they will happen. >> well in saigon november 1st, the president stands up and drops his major bombshell. >> translator: south vietnam cannot participate in the negotiations. >> i have no more things to tell
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you. >> embarrassment is commonly today among americans here in vietnam particularly those of us who has acquaintances. we find ourselves apologizing. >> once we heard the means were not aboard, i said let this play out, when the south vietnam thing breaks it's going to look like johnson didn't have all his ducts in a row and it's as applicable as it can be. >> i think president johnson wen into this bombing clause with the very best intentions. i think the reason the ducts were not in a row is he was relying on an old team. i think what we need is a new team, a new team that won't make these mistakes.
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reporting from headquarters, water crumb kites. >> good evening everyone, we may be here for a very long night tonight. it's been one of the roughest
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and unhappiest political years in history. we'll see how it all turned out in the next few moments. >> this is one of those special elections that many voters felt the direction of the country was really at stake. we're talking about big issues of war and peace and race relations. people are watching to see how this is going to unfold. >> nixon was asked about a last-minute polling showing humphrey slightly ahead and he said i don't consider that reliable. >> we're down three in the hard w har receharris bowl which says e we're going to lose. nixon said okay. >> everybody was just trying to contain their anxieties and
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excitement. everybody at this time is exhausted. the candidate has to keep it together. >> richard nixon will win colorado, hubert humphrey according to the cbs news estimate will -- >> the winner in mississippi will be wallace. >> wallace will win in louisiana. >> wallace was a problem for us. he was a terrible problem because there are five southern states wallace would take, we would have carried those states. >> wallace realized he had swept a good bit from where he had been, he still had hopes he'd be able to throw it with the house of representatives. >> if he comes in second, if he shows substantial strength outside the zhou, so far as wallace is concerned any of these thing will prover his case and be a victory of sorts. >> and here's the electoral votes one that still count of
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our system. >> none of these men get the electoral votes then the matter goes to the house of representatives. >> before this night is over we should know whether we have indeed chosen a president or whether our electiontorial system led us into a crises. >> the unbelievable mess is what -- it would take an hour to describe it and no one would understand it including me. >> hard to describe it and four years to straighten it out. >> yes, this may be the last year for the electoral college, it may be a good idea if it is. >> in the race for the presidency of the united states of america humphrey has taken the lead for the first time tonight. >> i can't tell you very much, i'm in the middle of it. it's kind of indicative of what's happened in this campaign, humphrey a month ago a sheer loser and today has all
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the earmarks of a winner. >> anyone who goes to bed without knowing more about what's happening in the middle east tonight could be in for a shock in the morning. >> by moon nixon thinks, oh my god it's happening again. it looks like it's going down to illinois. and at that point, pat nixon wen into the bathroom and threw up because she'd been in there in 1960 and hearing what's happening again. >> i think before the morning is out hubert humphrey will be the next president of the united states. >> good morning, or if you stayed through the night with us, hello once more. >> 26 electoral votes in noil, nixon gets over the top the 287 electoral votes and that seems to be the 1968 length. >> nixon's the one, that's the natural banner for any front page tonight. there are the numbers. in short, nixon and humphrey are separated by about 375 of 1%.
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>> i wen immediately into the bedroom where nixon was propped up with his briefcase on his lap, i said, sir, you've just been declared the winner. he jumps out of bed, looks at the set, everybody is cheering and congratulating one another. >> it was everything he had dreamed of. >> it was the greatest come back and n political history and nobody could believer it. >> nixon declined to claim victory even though it was his until humphrey had conceded in a little afternoon today humphrey did, with tears in his eyes. >> i never had any doubt whether td be a close night, one way one -- bossed one way, bossed a little another.
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we got a president elect, he's going to have my help. >> i think the problem with the humphrey campaign it was based on seeking sand from the beginning. him frid humphrey tried to win with it one more time and he fell shore. >> because richard nixon won in 1968, politicians at every level, said okay, this is the new campaign model. >> you put together an effective television campaign, he put together planned rallies where no opposition was ever negative, he controlled his campaign to the end and that was the most significant thing. >> the basic appeal of richard nixon in 1968 is reaction. it's reaction to a world that seems to have gone mad.
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>> mixon was delivering informing that was permanently turns out divided over the war in vietnam, over issues of race, over issues of culture, over issues of morality. i think he thought he could bring the country together. >> some public men are destined to be loved, other men are destined to be disliked. the most important thing about a public man is not whether he's loved or dislikes but whether he's respected. i hope to restore a respect to the presidency. from ames, iowa.lapier this is emily's third nomination and first win. um...so, just...wow! um, first of all, to my fellow nominees, it is an honor sharing the road with you. and of course, to the progressive snapshot app for giving good drivers the discounts -- no, i have to say it -- for giving good drivers the discounts they deserve. safe driving!
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loved or dislikes but whether
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. going to see 2001 space odyssey for me was almost a spiritual experience. it reshaped my concept of sin maskt art in 15 minutes.
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>> there'd been for a long time scientific visionary, imagining what going to the moon was like, but nobody had seen a film like cue better's masterpiece. it made us question not just spacex per ration but what does this mean about human dilemma. >> many americans didn't want cultural comfort food anymore, they actually wanted something challenging. it's like going to a fine art museum where the viewer pro-jessicas on ab traabstract what he or she wants to see. it was popular. >> open the doors hal. >> i'm sorry, dave, i'm afraid i can't do that. >> we're getting into what we were calling the computer age. 2001 kind of looks at what if the machine turns on us, look at
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that anxiety, these underlying fears we have about the way the world is changing. >> before i say anything to do i'd like for us to pause for a moment of silence in memory of our friends that were lost this morning. let us pray. >> the company had three men killed and three others wounded in the battle just ended. instead of turkey dinner for 150, it will be just for 144. >> the experience of missing holidays while you're in a combat zone, of course weighs heavily on your. it's a time where tears come to your eyes and you envision all things good and beautiful back in the world because you wanted to remind yourself that there was another world and that you were going to get there. >> i guess on a day like this
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you really have something to be thankful for. >> yes, i do, i really have something to be thankful for that i'm still alive, doing my best to stay alive for the next few days. >> there was no way to gauge progress than anything like the classic call sense of the term, the only gauge of progress is how many enemy were killed in a particular day or week or month as compared to how many of us. and they start to ask, well, lieutenant what the hell are we doing here. the only thing i could say at that time, is we're marines, we're professional soldiers, we fight the enemy they tell us to fight and we fight for each other. >> you know if you have to, you really will lay down your life for these guys, and that they'll do the same for you. >> pulling up and clearing out.
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>> at some point you start to wonder, what is this all about, i didn't quite get it. we're not moving forward, we'd go to the same place sometimes, same tour, we were here three months ago. it just started to not make sense. >> how many do you want? >> 920. >> ladies and gentlemen, mr. elvis presley. ♪ >> elvis had really fallen out of the public eye after 1960 when he musters out of the army. although he's still making movies he's becoming a bit of a character because the movies are not good, he's not managing music. a new hipper sound is coming in with the british invasion. >> been a long time i tell you. >> at the end of the year you get elvis on stage with a group
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from the 1950s. doing these strip down verges of "heart break hotel," "love me tender." and suddenly the world falls in love with elvis again. ♪ >> in the wake of what follows him, suddenly this symbol of all that is decadent becomes a symbol of an older gentler american. ♪ >> it's elvis unplugged. elv elvis was like that before and he'll never be like that again. but, for that moment you understand the madrigaltism, the charm and real raw talent of elvis presley. ♪ >> what's most memorable for me about that special is the song
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that elvis will end, it's a song pinned by walter brown for elvis in the aftermath, the assassination of dr. king, it's that elvis sharing the dream that men can one day walking to in brotherhood. ♪ >> elvis is one of the greatest vehicles for a song in history, but because he wasn't a writer he was dependant on what he was handled. in that case he was handled a song wore think of him. >> he reclaimed his soul in 1968. it was a come back special because he reasered who he was. ♪
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ithe race for governort. has turned into a scam. gavin newsom's trying to elect a republican who was endorsed by trump. and villaraigosa's being bankrolled by a handful of billionaires. it's everything that's wrong with politics. and none of it is helping struggling families. here's my pledge to you. i'll keep our budget balanced. invest in affordable housing. fight for universal healthcare. and stand up to donald trump. as governor, you can trust me to do what's right- because i always have.
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every christmas eve is for some people the first christmas who is without someone. but every christmas eve is for someone is someone that wasn't here last year. last week mrs. kennedy brought home rory kennedy. born six months after her father died. >> will this be, can this be a happy christmas in the king house hold? >> christmas will be sad for us.
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as it will be for many people, i think, this year. a time like this causes people to really reflect on the deeper meaning of, say, christmas. >> as the country moved into december, what a year it's been. one of the most dramatic and consequential years in history. but out there, up there, is the great dreep of putting a man on the moon of the. >> six and a half years ago, john f. kennedy set this nation on the course to the moon. this morning, three americans are on the verge of the greatest adventure on which man has ever embarked. >> the engines are on. 4, 3, 2, 1, zero. we have liftoff.
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what a beautiful flight. man perhaps on the way to the moon if all continues to go well. >> it seemed almost unbelievable the nation collectively head its breath, worrying about, are they going to make it? what happens to the astronauts, to the space program if they don't? such a miraculous thing, it's against the odds. but maybe. maybe we can make it. >> it's a good picture. we have less than 40 hours to go to the moon. >> they actually arrived at the moon on christmas eve. in order to get into lunar
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orbit, they have to fire the engine on the far side of the moon where there's no radio control. >> the engine burn will slow them down from 5,700 to about 3,700 miles an hour. they'll have put themselves into lunar orbit. the first men in history to have done so and the trickiest and most dangerous part of their flight. >> you could have any one of a number of things go wrong. end up in the wrong orbit or hit the moon. >> we have to have absolute faith in everything that has ever been done to develop this rocket motor. all they can do is point it in the right direction, press a button and hope it works perfectly. >> apollo 8 houston, over.
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>> go ahead. >> we've got it. we've got it. apollo 8 now in lunar orbit. there is a cheer in the room. >> it is awe-inspiring and it makes you realize what you have back there on earth. >> when they were coming around from the far side of the moon, bill anders looked through his side window and saw the earth rising. he snapped the picture. >> when the pictures started coming back of the earth from that distance, the sense of american achievement, the sense of how great the cosmos, how small we are, how fragile the earth is, all of those things began to pounce around like electricity in your brain and
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touch a very special part in the heart. >> tonight the crew of apollo 8 presents a christmas eve program from the heavens. >> with a few orbits to go, they made one last television transmission. the public affairs director had said, there will be more people watching that television show than have ever witnessed any event in human history of the say something appropriate. >> for all the people back on earth, the crew of apollo 8 has a message that we would like to send to you. in the beginning, god created the heaven and the earth. and the earth was without form and void and darkness was upon the face of the deep. >> to have the guys reading genesis was so spot on. whatever your concept of god was, the earth is a beautiful
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creation. >> good night, good luck, a merry christmas and god bless all of you. all of you on the good earth. >> god bless them. unbelievable. >> man, that made the last week of 1968 perhaps as hopeful a moment as we could have expected. >> for those of us who lived through that time, we were landing in darkness that does not last. >> apollo 8. human kind's first orbit of the moon. sure to be written on the books of history. a year of trouble and turbulence, anger and assassination, is now coming to an ends. apollo 8 achieved every one of its major mission ames and something else.
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it lifted the spirits of earthbound mortals and carried them too, if only for a while, out of their own horizons. let there be light in the firmament of the heavens. ♪ ♪ hello darkness my old friend ♪ i've come to talk with you again ♪ >> the enemy is not beaten but he has met his master in the field. >> i'd like to say hi to mom back home. i know she's worried about me, so, hello, mom. >> diana ross. everybody knows diana ross. >> you're how old? >> 23 years old forever and ever.

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