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tv   1968  CNN  June 2, 2018 8:00pm-9:00pm PDT

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chicago. >> the whole world is watching! the whole world is watching! ♪ ♪ ♪ the time has come today ♪ young hearts >> students push forward and the police push back. ♪ can't put it off another day ♪ i don't care what others say dr. martin luther king assassinated in memphis, tennessee. ♪ time has come today >> senator robert francis kennedy was 42 years old. >> the enemy is no longer closer to victory.
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♪ the rules have changed today >> the war in vietnam. ♪ have no place to stay >> a number of men killed last week in vietnam was the highest this summer. >> they are running an all-white political party in 1968. ♪ my tears have come and gone >> we all need george c. wallace for our president of the united >> ve republican inovember. >> the peace gs e convention hall. ion to march on >> these cops here are tough. they'd kill you with a smile. >> as long as i'm mayor of this town, there will be law and order in chicago. >> this is the moment of truth for the democratic party. ♪ >> tuesday night, i spent my evening at senator kennedy's campaign headquarters to celebrate his victory in
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california. tuesday night, i was in ecstasy with joy. wednesday morning, sorrow. and this morning, utter despair because now i'm lost. i'm desperate. and i don't know where we're going from here. >> by the early summer of 1968, there was this ache in the american spirit. what the hell is happening to us? is the country coming apart at the seams? >> no words can really fully convey the feeling that i have toward the kennedy family in this time of their particular tragedy or the feeling that one must have for the nation in the face of this tragedy, this new tragedy. >> i really think mccarthy felt a sense of guilt in some weird psychological way for this outcome because he's been a very nasty campaigner. >> this is one trauma too many and mccarthy sort of gave up
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after bobby died. instead of pressing on, he drifted away. >> one guy that offers an opportunity to at least try to find a way to end the war and that's mccarthy. that's why i'm here. >> mccarthy didn't want to leap in with a bitter campaign so soon after senator kennedy died, felt deserted, like just when we need him most. gone. >> senator george mcgovern of south dakota is said to be announcing tomorrow he is a candidate for the democratic nomination. >> george mcgovern ultimately feels that he has to come in and declare for the presidency to give the bobby kennedy people a place to go. >> representatives of senator mccarthy and of my office have been meeting together to work out language on which our supporters could join forces in terms of a plan on the end of the war in vietnam.
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>> you expected to be here with robert kennedy. >> yes, i think that all the time. someone who i know is sorry they had not participated in the campaign of robert kennedy and they were going do it later on in the summer. and that person said to me that one thing i've learned in life since the assassination of robert kennedy is never wait for summer. that's kind of the way i feel about american politics today. i think if you really feel about something, you don't put it off, you have to do something about it now. >> bobby kennedy's death changed the nature of the campaign. with him gone, whoever was going to be the nominee of the democratic party had to come to grips with what kennedy represented. >> i'd like to present to you vice president of the united states, hubert h. humphrey, for a few words. thank you. >> hubert humphrey could have come out against the war, but he didn't want to do that because he didn't want to jeopardize his
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own nomination because lyndon johnson had all the levers of power in the democratic party. >> i am the vice president of the united states. the vice president of the united states does not make the policy. >> he is a puppet, so you can't tell what he will think or do in office because he's not used to thinking for himself. the final say in the delegate selection was in the hands of the party bosses and lyndon johnson. >> someone questioned johnson about humphrey's loyalty. he said, don't worry about hubert, i've got his pecker in my pocket. >> earlier this year, top u.s. leaders vowed that the marine outpost at khe sanh would be defended at all costs but today the u.s. command in vietnam announced that the marines are pulling out of khe sanh. >> that's the last bunker on this base. now that the american troops have blown it up, there's nothing to protect them from enemy artillery.
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so now it's time for the final departure. >> why did we fight so hard to keep it if we were going to give it up like this was the question some asked themselves. others were relieved because they privately believed khe sahn was of marginal importance, anyway. >> the futility of the war, what was the clear goal? there was no clear goal in the end result was abandonment. >> khe sahn, a few must remember their comrades, among the 2,500 casualties. >> i think khe sahn stands as a symbol of the whole war effort. we got in for a supposedly strategic reason. it became a point of pride for president johnson and others from the administration. the small number of marines at that outpost were subjected to just brutal bombardment for five months and when it turned out the enemy wouldn't fight the way
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we wanted them to fight, we ended up packing up and leaving. >> now as perhaps befits the strangest of wars, one of the most celebrated battlefields of vietnam has been reduced once again to a simple meadow. is brought to i by -- hassl, meaning you probably don't clean as often as you'd like. for a quick and convenient clean, try swiffer wetjet. there's no heavy bucket, or mop to wring out, because the absorb and lock technology traps dirt and liquid inside the pad. it's safe to use on all finished surfaces tile, laminate and hardwood. and it prevents streaks and hazing better than a micro fiber strip mop, giving you a thorough clean the first time. for a convenient clean, try swiffer wetjet with a money back guarantee. brand power. helping you buy better. rough if you're on vacation. but the best seat in the house if you're at outback.
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aliceich is breast cancerstatic that has spread to other parts of her body. she's also taking prescription ibrance with an aromatase inhibitor, which is for postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive her2- metastatic breast cancer as the first hormonal based therapy. ibrance plus letrozole was significantly more effective at delaying disease progression versus letrozole. patients taking ibrance can develop low white blood cell counts, which may cause serious infections that can lead to death. before taking ibrance, tell your doctor if you have fever, chills, or other signs of infection, liver or kidney problems, are pregnant, breastfeeding, or plan to become pregnant. common side effects include low red blood cell
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and low platelet counts, infections, tiredness, nausea, sore mouth, abnormalities in liver blood tests, diarrhea, hair thinning or loss, vomiting, rash, and loss of appetite. alice calls it her new normal because a lot has changed, but a lot hasn't. ask your doctor about ibrance. the #1 prescribed fda-approved oral combination treatment for hr+/her2- mbc. ♪ by the time we got to the republican convention in 1968, richard nixon had done very well in the primaries leading up to
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that, but he did not go into the convention hall in miami beach having been assured of the nom nation. he was sure. >> nelson rockefeller decides at the last minute to try to make a serious push to gain the nomination even though he had vacillated for months. >> i felt crowds facing this nation at home and abroad were so serious that i had no right not to make available what experience i had for the use of the party in the country. >> rockefeller is probably the most liberal republican of the era. they were moderate republicans who were just a few steps from liberals. >> mr. rockefeller would get 41%. all the black democrats and republicans and independents, that is, to cross over and vote for him. >> mr. nixon's whole record on civil rights has not been good. >> i want you to know that this marks the end of one journey and we think the beginning of another one. >> one of the key things that nixon did was to build a network
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of support among political leaders that would be respected by southerners. strom thurmond, for example, of south carolina. >> all that we could ask for is somebody who would just and fair and treat the south like the other sections of the country. >> strom thurmond had been a democrat but he had left the democratic party because of the civil rights act. >> the race is between mr. nixon and mr. rockefeller. and i would prefer mr. nixon. i think he would be better for the whole country. >> convention will come to order. >> 1968 is the last presidential year in which it was possible to run for president without entering any primaries. ronald reagan showed up in miami beach, gave a press conference and said, i'm running for president. >> yes. as of this moment, response to that resolution by the california delegation.
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>> reagan is in many ways everything nixon is not. he's smooth. he's handsome. people like him. and people are confused, they're like, we believe that he's a true conservative and we've never really trusted nixon. okay, so now what are we going to do? >> the name of the game right now is stop nixon. now, if a lot of those southern delegates move away from nixon to ronald reagan, then they feel that nixon can be stopped on that first ballot. >> the real fear was that rockefeller and reagan could hold off enough votes so they could prevent us having a victory on the first ballot and then it would break wide open. now, i didn't fear rockefeller. i never did, but reagan was something else. >> any circumstances under which you would accept the vice presidency? >> there is no circumstance whatsoever that could alter my decision about that. >> the pressuring of delegates to come out for nixon, or not to do so, proceeds with a kind of glad-handed desperation. >> the key to hanging on as
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nixon saw it was to hang on so southern delegates. >> like it to go either way. reagan has a lot of strength in our delegation. >> many of them really wanted to go with reagan and that's where strom thurmond turns out to be so important. >> senator thurmond, i'm told there was some slipping toward reagan last night in the south and specifically in your own south carolina delegation and that you personally stopped it. is that correct? >> there's no slippage in the south carolina delegation. we all are standing for nixon. >> nixon persuading strom thurmond, he's the best candidate who can win, that we went with our hearts in '64 with goldwater, he took us down to a horrible defeat, so let's go with a moderate now and once we get in, i can slow down the federal government's efforts at desegregating schools in the south, but the number one reason was it looked like nixon could win. >> a candidate needs 667 delegates to win the nomination, but with nixon's estimated total at above 600 now, that air of victory is obvious.
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>> governor, may we ask you what you might have done differently thinking back now? >> nothing. there isn't anything i could have done differently. >> it was a weary governor rockefeller who hotel hopped from one delegation caucus to another. wife, happy, appeared anything but happy as her husband began to show the strain and perhaps the humility of it. >> with the demise of nelson rockefeller and exclusion of the moderate liberal side of the republican party, you began to see the reshaping of the republican party. >> we're having here in miami beach the convention of the nice white people. all together, there are 26 nonwhite delegates and 57 nonwhite alternates out of 2,666. there are none of these magnificent wounded black faces to remind us of what's going on in this country. there are only sunburns and smiles and balloons. >> this is an all-white delegation here and don't know exactly what we want, so we
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thout we'd get together and take it to them. >> violence broke out the night in a predominantly negro section of miami. two buildings reportedly were set afire. some looting was reported. more than 200 police were sent to the area and some tear gas was used at one point. to disperse a rock and bottle throwing crowd. >> nobody can really say why it's happened. just pent-up anger, the frustration and the idea of being trapped in society. just a way of saying i will accept the abuse to longer. >> 55-year-old richard milhous nixon has it confirmed now he will get a second run at the presidency of the united states. >> nixon knew that he was making one of the great comebacks in american political history.
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and he was able to tap into his own sense of renewal. >> as we look at america, we see cities enveloped in smoke and flame. we hear sirens in the night. we see americans dying on distant battlefields abroad. we see americans hating each other, fighting each other, killing each other at home. and as we see and hear these things, millions of americans cry out in anguish, did we come all this way for this? >> nixon's speech was designed to say, you know, i hear you. unless we stop shouting at one another, we can't hear one another. i mean, very powerful, powerful words. >> it is the quiet voice in the tumult of the shouting, it is the voice of the great majority of americans, the forgotten americans, the non shouters, the non demonstrators. >> nixon wrote that speech contrary to a lot of his speeches where he would be getting help from his
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speechwriters. that speech was all richard nixon. >> america's in trouble today not because her people have failed, but because her leaders have failed, and what america needs are leaders to match the greatness of her people. >> richard nixon presenting a face of placid calm in a year of chaos. and things are looking pretty good for richard nixon. nobody has! it's unscented! (vo) new tidy cats free & clean unscented. powerful odor control with activated charcoal. free of dyes. free of fragrances. tidy cats free & clean. when no scents makes sense. introducing the all-new volkswagen jetta ♪ with available digital cockpit.
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what, isn't your purpose here to disrupt this convention? >> life is disruptive in america. let's face it, if you believe in life, you're disruptive. you know, i don't want to go fight in that damn war, you know? that's a disruptive attitude. they're going to have to pull me by my hair. right? >> the activist part of my generation is divided into two parts. those who decide that they can change the world by supporting a viable anti-war candidate, and those who think that the entire system has to be torn down. >> political pigs, your days are numbered. we are the second american revolution. we are winning. yippie. >> yippies were crazy people who did street theater. >> we're not going to take part in old men's election. young people know who's going to
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win. the winner is going to be pigasus the pig because every party is running a pig. >> sir, why did you decide to become a candidate? >> the plan was to have a mass moratorium type anti-war demonstration in chicago and the same time a mass counterculture festival. >> we must stay in the streets and stay in active resistance or else there will be no peace. >> i was with rennie davis and dave dellinger and we were trying to coordinate the mobilization which was this coalition of fractious groups who agreed on something like total withdrawal from vietnam now and allen ginsberg wanted everybody to chant, "om," to bring the war to an end and a police to their senses. >> it was a motley medley of all kinds of people. >> when we first went to see mayor daley and fought his deputy mayor to try to get a
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permit, he took me aside and said, come on, what do you guys really want to do? i said, well, did you see "wild in the streets"? which was a movie where young people put lsd into the water supply and tipped over the government and so this is what the police expected. >> our administration will never permit a lawless, violent group of terrorists to destroy the purpose of this national convention and take over the streets of chicago. >> before he became mayor, chicago had kind of become a rundown, drab city. >> the city is plagued with strikes from cab drivers to telephone installers, but mayor daley says the city's never been in better shape. >> mayor daley wanted to show off how he turned into a modern showplace. >> it chicago loves size, scale. one hotel brags it has more flush toilets under one roof than any other building in the
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world. >> daley's administration was absolutely committed that in his city, this was not going to be a place where protesters were going to have a platform. this was going to be a place where there were going to be put in their place. >> no one will be able to take over the convention hall or streets of chicago. >> mayor daley exercised such control over the city, you couldn't even get near the convention center where the convention was being held. so basically all you could do was protest in the major hotels in the loop area where delegates were staying. >> peace groups are demanding permission to march on convention hall the night the democrats nominate their candidate for president. the city says, no, that would endanger security. there's a possibility of mass arrests unless the city allows the demonstrators to camp out in public parks. there is nowhere else for them to stay. >> i think it's in their best interest to let us sleep in the park instead of roam the streets at night. >> boy scouts could sleep overnight in the parks, but not hippies.
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there's no other place to sleep. so we knew if you're going to drive people out of the parks, they're going to be in the streets. it's going to be pandemonium. is that what you want? >> how do you feel about the anti-war demonstrators? >> i don't like them. i don't like them one bit. there's no reason for them. they accomplish nothing. >> the police, largely working class people, who'd come up the hard way, see these privileged white students and have to wonder what do they have to be angry about? and many of those police officers, themselves, identified with the soldiers coming back from the war in vietnam. >> we're coming not because our fight is with policemen or national guard troops, our fight is with the policies of this administration. >> on this eve of the beginning of the 35th democratic national convention, chicago is nearly security-tight. >> the police, several thousand of them, are now deployed. u.s. army troops began arriving in chicago in substantial numbers this morning. at lst 50 planeloads but they will be available to reinforce
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some 5,500 illinois national guardsmen, 2,000 fbi, secret service and other federal agents, and the 11,000-man chicago police force. >> we're concerned about the buildup of force. anything that's built up like this is liable to be used. >> you're a girl, are you afraid of violence that may occur? >> there will be violence, yes, no doubt about that. i'm not afraid of it. >> about 500 students, hippies, yippies, radicals, activists, mccarthy kids, and other demonstrators marched four miles to the hotels housing the democratic convention delegates. they stayed on the sidewalks. they stopped for traffic signals and they did not try to cross police lines. >> you're here to work for a living, you wouldn't be out here. >> as the protesters marched back toward lincoln park, they clashed with police. >> we were told that we would have to leave the park at 11:00 at night.
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at 5:00, the police started beating people up. >> we want the park! we want the park! >> hey. hey, hey, hey. >> they dispersed into the streets. >> i'm giving you one more warning. >> one more. >> and this is the first melee of many. ♪ >> whole bunch picked me up and dragged me, beat me, put mace in my face. >> how did you get that blood? >> i came over to get a picture, squirted me with mace. >> he clubbed you? >> and he clubbed me. >> a democratic convention is about to begin in a place state. there just doesn't seem to be any other way to say it. and could be on the journey to much worse. try parodontax toothpaste. it's clinically proven to remove plaque, the main cause of bleeding gums. for healthy gums and strong teeth.
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i present to you now the able and gracious mayor of the city of chicago, richard j. daley. >> any political convention is a show, and chicago mayor richard daley was a man of absolute control in the democratic party. he was a machine politician. "this is my town." >> hey.
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>> now they're raising the illinois delegation. >> thank you very much. >> fine. a brief effort to start a parade. >> lyndon johnson was weary of holding a convention in chicago but he gave it to chicago and daley because he assured him, it will be a controlled environment, we will keep it under control. >> one, two, three, four, stop this damn war! one, two, three, four, stop this damn war! >> the democratic party was closed to change on vietnam unless it faced such massive pressure that might make it turn. >> mr. vice president, this is the opening night of the democratic convention. are you going to be nominated? >> that's my hope, my plan. that's what we're trying to do. >> the security around this international amphitheater has been worthy of an armed camp. >> someone called the amphitheater ft. daley and i think at this point, that is not very far from the truth.
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>> i was distributing farm worker literature and mayor daley's henchpeople shoved me aside and broke my glasses. i mean, i wasn't hurt, but that's the floor of the convention. >> take your hands off of me. unless you intend to arrest me. >> a small group of reporters, at least on the periphery of it, and these guys started strong-arming me. >> don't push me. take your hands off me unless you plan to arrest me. >> wait a minute. wait a minute. >> short punching. knocked me down. >> i think we got a bunch of thugs here, dan. >> this was supposed to be a democratic convention. >> the latest abc delicate count show humphrey, 1,473. senator mccarthy, 706 votes. senator mcgovern, 123 votes. >> senator eugene mccarthy has conceded defeat in his bid for the democratic presidential nomination.
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>> hubert humphrey as is lined up, i think senator eugene mccarthy really would have conceded defeat in his heart of hearts a month or two ago. >> the nomination was really not in question anymore. >> mr. mcgovern. >> it was not going to be mccarthy and it was not going to be mcgovern. it was going to be hubert humphrey. that was a done deal before the convention opened. the focus became on a peace plank in the democratic party platform, felt strongly by those of us who had been in the kennedy campaign or mccarthy or mcgovern campaign. it was our last hope to get something at least. >> this is the moment of truth for the democratic party. it was the issue of vietnam and deeply-held feelings that the killing had to stop that motivated robert kennedy to become a candidate for president. a bullet stilled that voice, but
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he's here today, and if he were alive today, he'd be on that platform speaking for this minority plank. thank you. >> this is still a volatile convention as you see here with this demonstration on the floor. would stop the bombing now without any preconditions. >> there's a minority among us represented over in grant park, and let me say the police department, mayor daley, must all be related to job, they've shown that much faith. they want pot instead of patriotism. and they would substitute riots for reason. >> as the forces of the counterculture are girding their loins, the battle of the police out in the streets, the civil
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war within the convention hall is almost as intense. do we accept this war or do we reject this war? there could be no greater division. >> a yes vote here is to stop the bombing now unconditionally. >> alabama votes 30 1/2 no. >> it was a very moderate resolution. it wasn't immediate unconditional universal withdrawal. it was let's find a way to crank this down and bring our troops home. >> california casts 166 votes aye. >> the position of the other side was we don't want to tie the hands of the commander in chief. >> no. >> we don't know enough to make that judgment. >> two undecided. >> 15 no. >> the military will lead us in the right direction and so let's leave it alone. >> illinois, 105 votes no. 13 yes.
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>> the platform that was pro-war passed on a 1,500-1,000 vote of the delegates. ♪ we shall overcome >> nebraska, alaska, and vermont have joined new york in this extraordinary demonstration of anti-war sentiment on the convention floor. >> sit down. sit down. all right. >> when platform lost, somebody climbed the flagpole, pulled down the american flag, turned it upsidedown, which is in the military a symbol of distress. and the police just knocked down all the barricades, ran over all the marshals who were trying to keep peace. beating people. everybody being gassed. and inside the convention was a
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replica of outside. >> a lot of pushing. the man being pushed, watch it, they're going to knock that over. the man is a delegate. there's a priest in here. dozens of reporters. the man who got involved in it all is very calmly smoking a cigarette. this is the perfect indication of the mood of this convention on the floor. >> the greatest irony of the democratic convention in chicago, richard daley has an amazing secret, richard daley is a fierce opponent of the vietnam war because the son of one of his closest friends has been killed in the vietnam war, and from that moment on, he hates the war but nobody knows this in 1968. 1968, the year that changed america, is brought to you by -- ♪ cleaning floors with a mop and bucket is a hassle, meaning you probably don't clean as often as you'd like. for a quick and convenient clean, try swiffer wetjet.
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(father) i remember the day you looked at me and asked, "what now, dad?" so, i told you the same thing i was told "now you find a job, any job, and work hard. "clock in, clock out. do it again and again. "you may not like it, but that's work. that's just how it is." but of course, you didn't listen. you showed me there's another way. and i hope one day, when your own kids ask "what now?", you tell them to do something they're passionate about. i'm proud of you. ♪
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i came here to talk to you about hubert horatio humphrey. >> on the night of the nomination -- >> peace! >> we on the outside gathered in the park across from the conrad hilton and the bridges were all closed off by jeeps mounted with barbed wire, machine guns placed on the streets pointed at these demonstrators.
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and the breakdown of law and order was being perpetuated by the forces of law and order. >> downtown chicago at balbo and michigan avenues, there has been in progress for some time a peace demonstration. the police have come to put it down. the national guard has been called to help. >> police and demonstrators tussling all over this this intersection on this, the night, of the democratic convention. >> it was a police riot and i had never seen that before in my life. i had never seen groups of policemen with lead-knuckle gloves and clubs going after civilians. there were pools of blood on michigan avenue. >> bit confusing on the floor. shirley maclaine, roosevelt, in front of a tiny television monitor. what was your reaction to what happened downtown? >> devastating. so unreal what's happening here
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compared to what's happening down there. >> a girl being carried off to a paddy wagon. less than a nonviolent manner. it was supposed to be a nonviolent demonstration today. one will never know what it was that -- >> mr. chairman, most delegates to this convention do not know that thousands of young people are being beaten in the streets of chicago. >> it didn't really explode inside the convention hall until the delegates saw pictures of the police beating people. >> and for that reason, i request the suspension of the rule to relocate the convention in another city. >> wisconsin is not recognized for that purpose. >> it just blew to pieces inside the convention hall, and it was a rampage. >> security guards are pushing people back here. >> you get that --
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>> police all over the place and delegates. there's a really big fray going on in here. >> when george mcgovern is president of the united states, we wouldn't have to have gestapo tactics in the street of chicago. >> how hard it is, how hard it is to accept the truth. >> consistent chanting by the crowd, "the whole world is watching." a shot of gas. >> 14 votes for hubert humphrey. >> no, i was wrong. >> pennsylvania, 130 votes. >> vice president humphrey was in his room at the hilton when the tear gas began floating over that way, blown by the wind. he got a good whiff of it and began coughing and sneezing. he's all right. >> i think what was happening
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outside overwhelmed what happened inside. >> this is going to do it. >> and 103 is declared -- >> and vice president hubert humphrey is the nominee of the democratic party for the presidency of the united states. >> right here. right here. right here. >> they can't nominate a man for president of the united states and expect people to take his candidacy seriously when the country wants law and order and the way they're conducting law and order is to destroy respect for human dignity and democratic procedure. how can the democratic party do this? >> it was humphrey trying to express his own great moment. all of his polital carr, this was what he wanted and it was being utterly destroyed by what was happening on the streets. this was hubert humphrey's humiliation. >> i stood and watched hubert humphrey tonight stand where he has wanted to for so long, at the very top of the democratic party heap, my first thought
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was, some heap. the divisions in this party run very deep, indeed, and hubert humphrey who wants to be a healer for the party and for the country has very little time to heal the divisions in this party in terms of the november election. it's my judgment that hubert humphrey starts out an underdog. >> nixon could be gleeful about trumping his enemies and it gave him great joy to go to chicago to begin his campaign in the very place where the democratic party had been humiliated by a riot. ♪ stand up and let's strike the band up ♪ >> here comes richard nixon, the uniter, coming through the city of chicago like a roman emperor and being cheered by tens of thousands and harassed by no one. so it looks like this would be the fellow that can unite the country. ♪
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>> humphrey's in an impossible situation. he's associated with the chaos of the anti-war movement because of what happened at the convention. he has this albatross of a war tied around his neck. and everywhere he goes, chaos follows. >> republican party with an age-old coalition of the conservative republican and the nixon -- the nixons and the strom thurmonds who remain silent. >> humphrey came out of that convention not only with no convention bounce, but actually going backwards. >> the problems of hubert humphrey are many. his campaign does not have enough money and has no chance of getting enough money because potential backers feel he has little chance of winning. >> asked a humphrey aide about this, asked him aren't you discouraged? he'll tell you, wouldn't say we're discouraged but i would say that overconfidence is not
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>> the 1960s was about women demanding justice in the society and nowhere was this more public and powerful than the 1968 miss america contest. >> no more trying to hold us back in chains. >> we had a freedom trash can and we threw in bras, diapers, high-heeled shoes, girdles and steno pads and symbols of women oppression. >> it struck a cord with so many women around the country, in some ways it was the first national emergence of a women's movement, per se. >> 1968, everything felt a lot more on the edge. george wallace was running for president. it felt like everything was turning into a sea of turmoil. >> you are some of the people
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that folks are sick and tired of all throughout the united states. they believe in four-letter words, but i know two four-letter words you don't know. w. w-o-r-k and s-o-a-p. you don't know those. >> specifically urban northern white workers, often union members, often individuals who traditionally had been strong supporters to democratic party. >> what do you think is the biggest attraction to george wallace? >> common sense and easy to understand language. >> you don't think he's going to win but you do have the sense he's going to get a lot of votes, what does that say about america? >> george wallace's audience have been growing both in size and in emotional outbursts. here in kansas city this crowd shows the effect he's having as he campaigns about the country with growing confidence. >> if a presidential election
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was held to do a cbs news survey would show richard nixon would win hands down, and vice president humphrey would finish third in the electoral vote. >> the candidate owes it to the people to come out of the shadows. knock it off, will you please. >> by september '68, humphrey is having the worse political moment you could imagine. he's been heckled at every event he goes to. he has to beg democratic politicians to appear with him and endorse him. >> he has not yet in any particular instance indicated one disagreement with my of the policies in the last four years.
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>> vietnam is defining the 1968 election. and humphrey knows he has to do something bold. and he knows what that is. >> as president, i would stop the bombing of the north as an acceptable risk for peace, because i believe it could lead to success in negotiations and thereby shorten the war. >> a member of the hanoi delegations at the paris peace talks said today that mr. humphrey's speech contained absolutely nothing new. whatever the north vietnamese says the vice president's speech was his most serious effort of the campaign to establish his own position on vietnam. >> richard nixon played a subtle political game on the vietnam war. he talked about peace for his honor but never articulated that plan.
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>> when and if we win this election, i hope the war will be over. but if it is not over, i will welcome a new team to go in and that will not be tied in with the things of the past. >> now humphrey was articulating something that many americans felt but weren't hearing from richard nixon. >> does this change your opinion of him as a candidate? >> it might. >> why is that? >> because everybody wants the bombing to stop. >> when humphrey gave the salt lake city speech, it really alarmed me. because he united that party that had been ripped apart all year. and you could hear the footsteps behind where i was. >> the anti-war activists, they stopped heckling him. >> in charlotte, north carolina, a you of 10,000 people cheered the vice president wildly. and he loved it. it was about the same wherever he went. tennessee, west virginia, florida. the vice president gained new confidence. >> i need you, quite frankly, i think you may need me. >> nixon spends his whole life running scared, and all of a sudden, race that was well in
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hand is getting close, and he began to sweat. >> this meets absolutely -- this is the kid stuff that somebody goes through when he is behind. >> nix on nixon. that's what it's got to be. >> this is the time and place to take off the gloves and sock it to him. >> i'm going to sting you and sting you like a hornwh hornet and day out. >> there's advantages of being an underdog, sooner or later your opponent will have to start looking over his shoulder. that's the time that you pass him on the inside and get the medals and win the prize and gain the victory. >> apollo 7 starts the final push to the moon. >> north vietnam said there's no breakthrough in the peace talks until the bombing has stopped. >> a long time, jack. >> he can handle the people of the problems of america. >> he must be getting saddle sore straddling those issues.
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>> when you start throwing rocks that size -- who threw it? >> it's been one of the most roughest years in american history. in the next few hours, we'll see how it all turned out. as we look at america we see cities enveloped in smoke and flames. we hear sirens in the night. we see americans dying on distant battlefields abroad. we see americans hating each other, fighting each other, killing each other. >> mr. nixon, i'm going to sting you and sting you like a hornet day in and day out. >> we got some difficult days ahead. but it really doesn't matter with me now, because i've been to the mountaintop. >> there are prospects for peace


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