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tv   Early Start with Christine Romans and Dave Briggs  CNN  June 12, 2018 1:00am-2:00am PDT

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president and the murderous dictator of north korea. certainly a new era in american diplomacy as president trump signs a document alongside skki jong-un. >> the north korean dictator agreeing to denuclearization on the korean peninsula. >> good morning. welcome to "early start." i'm dave briggs. >> i'm christine romans. it is 4:00 a.m. in the east. >> i'm john berman in singapore. it is 4:0 p.0 p.m. we have been here for 50 straight hours to witness, frankly,history. in moments, president trump will hold a news conference to explain what happened behind closed doors with kim jong-un. we have live pictures, i believe, of where the president will be moments from now. the news conference scheduled to begin at 4:00 a.m. eastern time. you see it is dragging a little bit. we will bring that to you live
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when it happens. the president of the united states and dictator of north korea did meet. they did shake hands and they did sign this declaration at the end of historic meeting. what is in the declaration? that is what is in contention right now. this is something that no sitting u.s. president has ever done. meet face-to-face with a north korean leader. it is something each north korean leader kim jong-un, his father and grandfather, all wanted, but kim jong-un and president trump the first to actually make it happen. the president said he forged a special bond with kim. he said kim loves his country very much. remember, kim is a leader accused of human rights violations crimes against his own people. nevertheless, the president declared this meeting a great success and promised denuclearization on the korean peninsula quickly, very quickly.
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joining me now is chief white house correspondent jim acosta. he is at the marriott awaiting the news conference. jim, the president has to answer questions about what was achieved here. yes, historic meeting and handshake. unprecedented in many ways. now the questions will be on what is being delivered. >> reporter: that's right, john. no question about it. history was made today. u.s. president met face-to-face with dictator kim jong-un. as you mentioned a few moments ago while statements made by the president and kim jong-un and what they accomplished, is not clear. and in the long run, it results in north korea giving up nuclear weapons. as you heard throughout the day, i tried to ask the president several times is north korea giving up nuclear weapons. you heard the president saying that the process is getting under way very quickly. of course, at the same time, it is not clear what was actually
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perceived by donald trump and kim jong-un. in the statement they signed, it talks about a firm and commitment to denuclearization. it is not clear what kind of teeth the united states has in the agreement. i suspect it is one of the main questions for the president when he steps up to the podium in a few moments. i can imagine sitting behind me is chief of staff john kelly and secretary of state mike pompeo. it is interesting to find, john, how the president will talk about the agreement. all day long, it looked as if the president was off to a bromance with one of the most brutal people in the entire world. it is not sure if the president has a commitment for denuclearization or get the process started. this may be the beginning and certainly not the end, john.
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>> jim acosta live at the conferen we will bring it to you live as soon as it happens. it is scheduled to begin moment momentarily. we have jeff zeleny and ambassador joseph yun. the special representative from north korean policy for years. let me read you part of the joint statement. it says president trump committed to provide security guarantees to the dprk and kim jong-un reaffirmed commitment of denuclearization in the korean peninsula. then the four points they all signed and agreed upon. ambassador, you just told me you are surprised by this document. >> john, i am quite surprised. i thought there would be a lot more. you just mentioned the critical part of the short document. it doesn't say anything. it doesn't say anything that has
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been said before. excuse me. and my question is, is there something more to it because it says nothing. now, if we accept this -- i'm really looking forward to see the president tell us exactly what more there is because by itself we are nowhere mng any expectation or testing kim jong-un's assertion that he has changed and they are looking for a path to denuclearization. it mentions nothing about denuclearization. zero. accept one phrase. we reaffirm. in other words, they said it before again and again. >> again, this may be the difference between style and substance. the president may have to address this shortly at the news conference. we will bring it to you live as soon as it happens.
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jeff zeleny, we heard in the president's words. he seemed to be pleased. he used the word historic and talked about the new relationship. >> he did. he liked the image. many people did not think he could pull this meeting off. including his advisers. i think the next step of watching this is how is this relayed to the north koreans on state media. how is it translated to them? will it be the same? is this comment that chairman kim said historic meetings and decided to leave the past behind and the world will see a major change. is that quote going to be translated. i think how he describes this meeting is important. i think overall there is no question that kim jong-un came to singapore and won big on an elevation standpoint. he was an equal to the president of the united states of america. >> i think we have to know that
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summits are not strategy. they are part of a strategy and we got nfused. having the meeting without properly knowing the end goal in mind. to me, it happens when you have a summit is top down rather than built from bottom up. you could see throughout the process we kept on changing the goals. initially, the goal was cdid. complete, verifiable, irreversible denuclearization. d summits are not about process. it is an end goal in which you close everything down. >> cvid not mentioned. those words really deliberately left out. jeff asked a question. i want your take on it. we saw from north korean media overnight of kim jong-un walking around the city being presented
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as a celebrity. how will this be presented to the north korean people? >> jeff says it is a win for them. now they are seeing kim jong-un as an equal to the most powerful leader of the world. the president of the united states. you s that. north korea and u.s. i think we are aimed at getting into the north korean game and in the end keeping the weapons and saying listen, this is the fact of life. i'm worried that we're getting into this slippery slope where they do nothing and the next big question will be having been such good friends are we going to ease sanctions? that will be the next demand. you know? you say you are my friend. we are going to change. why not sanctions? >> you saw the chemistry there. i'm curious.
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is there any diplomacy that can grow out of chemistry like this? was this a show by two men who know the power of the images? >> i think both men had to say it was a success. for kim jong-un, discuss was buying time and keeping his weapons for and making sure others eased on sanctions. for president trump, success was getting something concrete on denuclearization. we're just not there. let's see what he has to say. i don't see it put down on paper. >> we talked about this, ambassador. we did say having this meeting and dialogue and picture or series of six photo ops over the five-hour meeting is better than the "rocket man" rhetoric and fire and fury between the united states and north korea. it was improvement over that.
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it may have paused that dangerous situation. is that enough? it seems you are saying now you're ppointed. >> i'm disappointed. this was an opportunity. it was a chance toake a st. take a step. a big step toward making the region safer by doing something about the nuclear weapons and the delivery system as shown by icbms. it was not done that by the declaration. maybe and again, if we do kickoff a process, maybe we will get there. summits should be at the end of that, not the beginning. >> we did hear and saw the two leaders together. we heard very little from kim jong-un ever. we did get a chance to hear from him today side by side with the president. listen to what he said. s>> today we had historic meetig
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and decided to leave the past behind and we are about to sign the historic document. the world will see a major change. i would like to express my gratitude to president trump to make this meeting happen. thank you. >> thank you very much. >> again, thanking the u.s. president. that is something we have never seen before. obviously there are next steps and future meetings. mike pompeo already on the phone with japan and south korea. what else happens? >> we know in the one-page statement, not a communique, but statement. it says quickly they will have further discussions with mike pompeo and north korean official. we will see where that leads.
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my question is a couple of months ago, president trump when he was at mar-a-lago, the japanese prime minister shinzo abe was visiting him. he said he would walk away from the deal or meeting with kim ng-un if he did not take him seriously. now this meeting has happened, is president trump still willing to walk away from something or is he so invested in this now that he has to make this work? we heard senator mcconnell say you can get snookered when you want a meeting too much. should he walk away? >> i don't know if he should walk away. you said he almost walked away when he said the meeting is off. this was about ten days ago. i can imagine him going back and reflecting on it and remember, his national security adviser is john bolton who has always had real deep misgivings about doing
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this. maybe reflecting on it. maybe can change his mind. we saw from clearly the north korean determination that they are not about to give up nuclear weapons. this was made clear again today. when it dawns on him that maybe he is not going to get there, maybe he thatmay think again. >> give us a sense of what was going on with the u.s. working group which was led by the u.s. ambassador to the philippines who has knowledge of the korean peninsula. his group met. i assume the u.s. was trying to get something more solid than what we have here in the document? >> they were trying to get much more solid document. at least a commitment on language if nothing else that they will do cvid.
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they could not get that. in the end, it was the same phrase. reaffirm. denuclearization is about the whole peeps lkorean peninsula. not about us. although there are no nuclear weapons in south korea. >> jeff and i were eager to talk to you. no one knows this subject and area better than you do. one thing we wondered was how does china see this? do you think china will continue its commitment to the sanctions that has imposed over the last several months or will they look at the meeting and say the u.s. and north korea are friendly and we are not as strict about them? >> i think your latter point is pretty much on the ball. china also wants to drag this out. there is no interest in china. north korea opening up and being very close to u.s. or even south korea. i would think -- this is my
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suspici suspicion. china would be the first one to formally ask for sanctions to lifted. before then, i think you see the implementation already on sanctions very, very lax. >> i think congress will have something to say about sanctions as well. one thing we see again and again from president trump after a big event like this, he really is a close -- >> i have been told that president trump is pawalking to the microphone. the president of the united states following the historic summit with north korean leader kim jong-u >> tremendous 24 hours. tremendous three months actually. this has been going on for quite a while. that was a tape we gave to chairman kim and his people and representatives. it captures a lot. that is a great place. has the potential to be an incredible place between south korea and china.
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that has tremendous potential. i think he understands that. he wants to do what's right. it's my honor today to address the people of the world following the very historic summit with chairman kim jong-un of north korea. spent very intensive hours together. i think most of us have gotten the signed document or you will shortly. it is very comprehensive. it's going to happen. i stand before you as representative of the united states to deliver a message of hope and vision and message of peace. let me begin by thanking our incredible host in singapore. especially prime minister lee. wi we send our warm wishes of everyone of singapore who really
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made this visit so important and so pleasant. despite all of the work and long hours. i also want to thank president moon of south korea. he is working hard. in fact, i'll speak to him right after we're finish. prime minister abe of japan. friend of mine. just left our country. he wants what is right for japan and for the world. good man. and a very special person. president xi of china. he has really closed up that border. maybe a little less the last couple of months. that's okay. he really has. he is a terrific person and friend of mine. really the great leader of his people. i want to thank them for their efforts to help us get to this very historic day. most importantly, i want to thank chairman kim for taking
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the first bold step toward a bright new future for his people. our unprecedented meeting, the first between an american president and leader of north korea. proves that real change is indeed possible. my meeting with chairman kim was hone honest, direct and productive. we got to know each other well in a very confined period of time. under very strong, strong circumstances. we're prepared to start a new history and we're ready to write a new chapter between our nations. nearly 70 years ago, think of that, 70 years ago, an extremely bloody conflict ravaged the korean peninsula. countless people died in the conflict. including tens of thousands of brave americans. yet while the armistice was
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agreed to the war never ended to this day. now we can have hope it will soon end and it soon will. the past does not have to define the future. yesterday's conflict does not have to be tomorrow's war. and as history has proven over and over again, adversaries can become friends. we can honor the sacrifice of our forefathers by replacing the horrors of battle with the blessings of peace. that's what we're doing and that's what we have done. there's no limit to what north korea can achieve when it gives up its nuclear weapons a embraces commerce and engagement with the rest of the world. it really wants to evngagengage. chairman kim has an opportunity like no other. to be remembered as the leader who ushered in a glorious new era of security and prosperity
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for his people. chairman kim and i just signed a joint statement which he reaffirmed his unwavering commitment to complete denuclearization korean peninsula. we also agreed to vigorous negotiations to implement the agreement as soon as possible. he wants to do that. this is not the past. this is not another administration that never got it started. and therefore never got it done. chairman kim says north korea is also destroy a major missile engine testing site. that's not in your signed document. we agreed to that after the agreement was signed. that's a big thing. the missiles they were testing. the site will be destroyed very soon. today is the beginning of the
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arduous process. our eyes are wide open. peace is always worth the effort. especially in this case. this should have been done years ago. this should have been resolved a long time ago. 're doing it now. chairman kim has the chance to seize an incredible future for his people. anyone can make war, but only the most courageous can make peace. the current state of affairs not endure forever. people of north korea, north and south, are truly wonderful and gifted people. they share the same heritage and language and culture and destiny. to realize their amazing destiny and reunite their national family, the menace of nuclear weapons will now be removed. in the meantime, the sanctions will remain in effect.
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we dream of a future where all koreans can live together in harmony and where families are reunited and hopes are reborn and where the light of peace chases away the darkness of war. this bright future witn and this is what is happening. it is right there. it is within our reach. it's going to be there. it will happen. people thought this could never take place. it is now taking place. it is a very great day. it's a very great moment in the history of the world. chairman kim is on his way back to north korea and i know for a fact that as soon as he arrives he will start a process that will make a lot of people very happy and very safe. so it is an honor to be with everybody today. the media. this is a big gathering of media, i will say. makes me feel very uncomfortable. it is what it is. people understand that this is
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something very important to all of us, including yourselves and your families. thank you for being here. we'll take some questions. oh, wow. that's a lot of questions. sure. go ahead. nbc. >> thank you, mr. president. two questions. first, the man you met today, kim jong-un, as know has killed family memrs and starved his own people and responsible for the death of otto warmbier. why are you so comfortable calling him very talented? >> he is very talented. anybody that takes over a situation like he did at 26 years of age and is able to run it and run it tough. i don't say he nice o say anything a it. he ran it, few people at that age. you can take 1 out of 10,000 could not do it. otto warmbier is a very special person and he will be for a long time in my life. his parents are good friends of
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mine. i think without otto this would not have happened. something happened that day -- it was a terrible thing. it was brutal. a lot of people started to focus on what was going on, including north korea. i really think that otto is someone who did not die in vain. i told this to his parents. special young man and special parents. special people. otto did not die in vain. he had a lot to do with us being here today. >> thank you, sir. that second question on the security assurances you talked about in your statement. can you be specific of the assurances you are willing to give to kim jong-un? does that include reducing military operations? >> at some point i have to be honest. i used to say this during my campaign as you know better than
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most. i want to get our soldiers out. i want to bring our soldiers back home. we have 32,000 soldiers i south korea. i would like to be able to bring them back home. that's not part of the equation. at some point, i hope it would be. we will stop the war games which will save us a tremendous amount of money. unless and until we see the future negotiations is not going along like it should. we will be saving a tremendous amount of money. plus. it is very provocative. jo john. go ahead. john. go ahead. i thought you were john roberts. >> we're frequently confused, mr. president. mr. president, the joint statement does not talk about verifiable or irreversible denuclearization. is that a concession on the part
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of the united states? >> no, not at all. if you look at it, it said we are -- let's see here. it will be gone. i don't think you can be any more plain. issues of the establishment of the dprk relations building. we talk about the guarantees and we talk about unwavering commitment to the complete denuclearization of the korean peninsula. this is the document that we just signed. >> did you discuss with chairman kim methods to verify with the united states or international organizations that process? >> yes, we did. it will be verified. we will be verifying. >> how will that be achieved? >> it will be achieved by having a lot of people there. as we develop a certain trust. we think we have done that. secretary pompeo has been really doing a fantastic job. his staff and everybody. as we do that, we will have a lot of people there and working
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with them. this is complete denuclearization of north korea's -- it will be verified. >> will they be americans or agency people? >> combinations of both. we have talked about it. go ahead. be nice. be respectful. >> very respectful, sir. what did kujim jong-un say to y to give you the confidence that for once in the history of nblgnorth korea they are not cheating the system and cheating the people of the world and making sure they are giving up their nuclear arsen arsenal? >> fair question. he mentioned the fact they proceeded down the path in the past and nothing got done. in one case, they took billions of dollars during the clinton regime. took billions of dollars and nothing happened. he brought it up to me.
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he said we have never gotten this far. i don't think they have ever had the confidence in a president they have right now for getting things done andlity to get things done. he was very firm in the fact that he wants to do this -- i think he might want to do this as much or even more than me. they see a bright future for north korea. you never know. we never know. we signed a comprehensive document today. i think most of you have been given that document. we signed a very, very comprehensive document and i believe he will live up to that document. in fact, when he lands, which is shortly, i think he will start that process right away. i do. i can only say i know i'm for -- really well. as you know, without the rhetoric it would not have happened. i think without other things
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going along, i think the establishment of the new team was very important. we have a great team. i do. i think he wants to get it done. i really feel that very strongly. there's john. you two guys look alike when the light is right. the hair is similar. let me see who has better hair. he has pretty good hair, john. >> it is the angelic glow of the back lighting that makes us look similar. of course, the denuclearization and nuclear weapons and biological weapons is one problem in north korea. another huge problem is the horrible record they have on human rights. was that discussed at all? is that something you will tackle in the future? >> yes, it was discussed. it will be discussed more in the future. human rights. what was discussed in great detail, john, was the fact we have and i must have had -- i just had countless calls and
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letters. anything you can do. they want the remains of their sons back and remains of their fathers and mothers. all of the people that got caught to that brutal war which took place to a large extent in north korea. i asked it today and we got it. that was a very last-minute request. the remains will be coming back. they will start that process immediately. so many people, during the campaign, would say is there any way you can work with north korea to get receipt mathe rema son back or father back. so many people asked me this question. i said we don't get along too well with that particular group of people. now we do. and he agreed to that so quickly and nicely. it was a nice thing. he understands it. so for the thousands and thousands -- i guess over 6,000 that we know of in terms of the
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rema remains will be brought back. >> the p.o.w./m.i.a. issue is a clearly big issue to people. what do you, president trump, expect kim jong-un to do about the human rights record regarding the north korean people? >> it was discussed. it was discussed relatively briefly compared to denuclearization. obviously thats where we started and where we ended. they will be doing things. i think he wants to do things. you would be surprised. very smart. very good negotiator. wants to do the right thing. he brought up the fact that in the past they took dialogue or never were like we are which has never been like what has taken place now. they went down the line. billions of dollars were given and the following day the nuclear program continued.
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this is a much different time. this is a much different president in allfairness. this is very important to me. this is one of the, perhaps one of the reasons i won and campaigned on this issue, as you know, john. whoever those people are -- i cannot see you with all of the lights. youon't look like either of the two. go ahead. sure. go ahead. >> thank you, mr. president. first of all, congratulations. >> thank you very much. i appreciate it. >> did you touch on the issue of peace treaty and also where you traveled -- also will you travel to pyongyang soon? >> of course. i will at the appropriate time. i also will be inviting chairman kim at the appropriate time to the white house. i would think it would be something that will be very important. he has accepted. i said at the appropriate time. we want to go further down the road. what we signed today had a lot
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of things included. you had things that were not included that we got after the deal was signed. i have done that before in my life. we didn't put it in the agreement because i did not have time. most of you have the agreement or soon will. you have not? we just finished them. if you could pass them out. if you could have the agreements passed out. you will see. yes, sir. go ahead. >> i want to second the congratulations, mr. president. >> thank you. >> what part did japan play and the fate of the christians and the follow-up question is when will you do an interview with japanese tv? 50,000 troops are in japan. >> that's true. 50,000 great troops. this is prime minister abe's
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concern. other than the denuking subject. i would say his main point. i brought it up, absolutely. they will work on that. we did put it down in document. it will be worked on. christians, yes. we brought it up. franklin graham spent and spends a tremendous amount of time in north korea. he has it close to his heart. it did come up and things will be happening. great question. yes, john. go ahead. >> thank you, mr. president. returning to the question of human rights. you spoke very powerfully on the issue during the state of the union address. you showed that you had the defector in the first lady's box. you said north korea has more brutally oppressed its people than any other regime on earth.
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do you still believe that is the case having sat down with kim jong-un? does he need to change that? >> john, i believe it is a rough situation over there. no question about it. we did discuss it today strongly. knowing what the main purpose of what we are doing is here denuking. discussed at good length. we will be doing something on it. it's rough. it's rough in a lot of places, by the way. we will continue that and i think ultimately agree to something. it was discussed at length outside of the nuclear situation. one of the primary topics. >> do you think that needs to change to bring on the glorious new era? >> i think it will change. i think it probably has to, but it will. thank you very much. steve. >> thank you. what timetable do you envision for the denuclearization? and in the meantime, are you
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thinking of easing -- scientifi does take a long time to get to denuclearization. you have to wait certain periods of time and a lot of things happen. despite that, once you start the process it means it is pretty much over. you can't use them. that's the good news. that will start very soon. i believe that will start very soon. we will do it as fast as it can mechanically and physically be done, ste. >> the sanctions? >> the sanctions will come off when we are sure that the nukes are no longer a factor. sanctions played a big role. they will come off at that point. i hope it is soon. as you know and as i have said, the sanctions right now remain. at a certain point i look forward to taking them off and they will come off when we know we are down the road and it will
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not happen. nothing will happen. >> thank you. >> yes. go ahead. please. >> thank you, mr. president. congratulations on the historic summit. >> thank you. congratulations to everybody, by the way. >> you signed a document with kim jong-un. it is essentially a piece of paper. yesterday we had a briefing from the secretary of state mike pompeo. he said the following. many presidents previously have signed off oieces of paper only to find the north koreans did not do what they said or reneged on the promises. what makes this different? >> you have a different administration and different president and different secretary of state. you have people that are, you know, it is very important to them. and we get it done. the other groups may be wasn't a priority. i don't think they could have done it if it was a priority, frankly. i don't think they could have do
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it if it was a priority. it would have been easier back then. for me, it would have been easier if this were ten years ago or five years ago. i'm not just blaming president obama. this goes back 25 years this should have happened. i have been given a tough hand. i was given this and the iran deal and other problems. we are doing really well. the iran deal, i have to be hone honest, i did it because nuclear is always number one to me. nuear is number one. on the iran deal, i think iran is a different country now. i don't think they are looking as much to the mediterranean and so much as syria like they were. i don't think they are so confident right now. i hope with that being said, i hope at the appropriate time after the sanctions kick in and they are brutal on what we put on iran.
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i hope they come back and negotiate a real deal. right now it is too soon for that. >> you also talk about establishing diplomatic relations. exchanging ambassadors. how long before that happens? >> good question. hopefully soon. we have to get things moving first. little bit early for that. we have to get things moving.go. hi. >> can you clarify you are stopping war games? you are stopping exercises with south korea? >> we have done exercises working with south korea for a long time. we call them war games. i call them war they are tremendously expensive. the amount of money we spend on that is incredible. south korea contributes, but not 100% which is a subject that we have to talk to them about also. that has to do with the military expense and also the trade.
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we actually have a new deal with south korea. we have to talk to them. we have to talk to countries about treating us fairly. we pay for a big majority of them. we fly in bombers fro guam. i said where do the bombers come from. guam. nearby. i said great. where is nearby. six and a half hours. that's a long time for these big massive planes to be flying to south korea to practice and drop bombs all over the place and go back to guam. i know a lot about airplanes. very expensive. i dn't like it. what i did say is and i think it is provocative. i have to tell you, jennifer, it is a provocative situation. when i see that and you have a country right next door. under the circumstances we are
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negotiating a comprehensive and complete deal. it is inappropriate to have war games. number one, we save money. a lot. number two, it is really something they very much appreciated. >> does north korea give you something in return? >> i heard that. i don't want to go against the press. especially not today. this is too important. i notice some of the people are saying the president has agreed to meet. he has given up so much. i gave up nothing. i'm here. i have not slept in 25 hours. i think it is appropriate to do. we have been negotiating around the clock with them and with us and with john and with mike and the whole team of talented people. we haven't given up anything other than you are right.
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i agreed to meet. i think the meeting was every bit as good for the united states as it was for north korea. i just wrote down some of the things we got. they should. they got a meeting. only a person thatlikes agreed to make a big that i commitment. sure, i agreed to take a period of time and come here and meet and that's good. i think it is great for us and as a country and good for them. what did they do to justify this meeting? secured commitment for complete denuclearization. that's the big thing. they secured the release of three american hostages. they already gave them to us two months ago. these people are living happily back in their homes with their families. it was pretty rough for them. to put it mildly.
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secured the commitment to recover the remains, including these are of fallen heroes. and they are giving a commitment. starting it immiately to recover the remains. i went through how many people asked me about it. i was amazed. so many people would ask if it is possible. at that time we had no relationship to chairman kim or anybody else in north korea. it was a very closed society. so we're getting the remains back. secured the halt of all missile and nuclear tests. for how long has it been? seven months? you have not had a nuclear test or nuclear explosion. i remember a nuclear event that took place. 8.8 on the richter scale.
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a massive earthquake took place it was in north korea. i neveheard of the richter scale in the high 8s. missile launches.e has been no they have blown up the missile area. that has not been written in the contract. we will give you the exact details on that. they secured of all missiles and nuclear tests. they secured the closure of the single primary nuclear test site, all three of them, in an area that is common around each other. they secured the closure. they secured the commitment to destroy the missile engine testing site. that was not in your agreement. i got that after we signed the agreement. i said do me a favor. you have this missile engine testing site. we know where it is because of the heat. it is incredible the equipment
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we have to be honest with you. i said can you close it up. he's going to close it up. we maintain the ability to continue sanctions. we are applying sanctions. i had 300 sanctions i getting ready to put on last week. i cannot put on sanctions when i had a meeting coming up. three big and powerful ones. jennifer, when you look at all of the things we got tan whand e got our hostages back, i did not pay $1.8 billion in cash like the hostages that came back from iran which was a disgraceful situation. we have a lot. when i hear somebody in the media say that president trump has agreed to meet like it's not a big deal to me. i think we should meet on a lot of topics, not just this one.
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i believe a lot of great things can ppen. yes, go ahead. please. >> sir, you just listed off a lot of things you got in the meeting. it wasn't too long ago that you said you defined skegs -- success of the meeting by north korea giving up the nuclear weapons. how will you have a verifiable and irreversible -- can you say why you didn't secure those details in the agreement? >> because there's no time. i'm here one day. we're together for many hours intensively. the process will take place. i would be surprised, mike, if they have not started already. they have started. they blew up their sites. they blew up their testing site. i will say he knew prior to coming -- this wasn't like a surpriseit wasn't like we never discussed it. we discussed it.
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mike discussed it very strongly with his counterpart in north korea. they knew this was -- let's say they did not agree to that and i could not sign any agreement. they understood that. it wasn't a big point today eally this had been taken care of more than any other thing because it was all about this. this has been taken care of before we got here. we brought that up before today. you see the loanguage which is very strong and it's in the document. yes, ma'am. >> thank you, mr. president. could you talk about the military consequences for north korea if they don't follow through on the commitments? >> i don't want to tk about it. that's a tough thing to talk about. i don't want to be threatening. they understood that. you have seen what was perhaps going to happen. you know, seoul has 28 million people. we think we have big cities. you look at new york with 8 million people. we think it is a big city.
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seoul has 28 million people. think of that. it is right next to the border. it is right next to the dmz. it's right there. if this would have happened -- i have heard 100,000 people. i think you could have lost 20 million people or 30 million people. this is really an honor for me to do this. i think potentially you could have lost 30 million or 40 million people. the city of seoul. it is right next to the border. >> you once spoke about fire and fury. is that no longer the case? >> at that time we needed perhaps fire and fury. we could not allow that capability from the standpoint of the united states. and certainly japan would not allow it either. >> mr. president, could you tell us about the video you showed? when did you show that to kim? >> today. >> what was the goal? >> we had it made up by -- i
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hope you liked it. i thought it was good. i thought it was interesting enough to show. one in english and one in korean. we had it made up. i showed it to them today. actually during the meeting. toward the end of the meeting. i think he lovedit. were -- we didn't have a big screen like you have the luxury. we had it on cassette. an ipad. they played it. about eight of their representatives were watching it. i thought they were fascinated by it. i thought it was well done. i showed it to you because that is the future. that could very well be the future. the other alternative is not a good alternative. it is just not good. i showed it because i really want him to do something. i don't think i had to show it. i really believe he wants to get it done. yes.
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go ahead. how is staten island ferry doing? he wrote the best story of me and the staten island ferry and after that he has never written a good story. i don't know what happened. it's a long time ago. >> mr. president, it has been a international stage. you are leaving the summit in singapore having determined that kim jong-un is a talented man. you left the g7 summit a few days ago and determined that prime minister trudeau is weak and dishonest. what do you say to america's allies that worry you are jeopardizing our long-time alliances and worry you are treating our historic friends and enemies and our historic enemies as friends? >> that is a very fair question. i had a very good meeting with the g7. i left the meeting. i'll be honest. we are being taken advantage of my virtually every one of the countries. now the united states because of bad management at the top and
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presidents that did not care about trade or did not understand it or whatever reason, for many years with china being obviously the most successful at it and the european union is second. $151 billion we lost. they were rnted at the meeting. we are taken advantage of on trade. canada does have very big advantages over us in terms of trade deficits. we have a big trade deficit with canada. it is a surplus. it is not a surplus. it is either 17 or it could be 100. i don't know if you saw it. we found it. perhaps they were trying to show the power they have. it is close to $100 billion a year loss with canada.they don' products. many of them. they charge what was 270%, but somebody told me the other day a few months ago they raised it to 295% for dairy products. it is very unfair to our farmers and unfair to the people of our
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country. workers, farmers, companies. we are not able to trade. they have tremendous barriers up and tariffs. when i put in a countervailing tariffs so the balance is not so much. they said that is terrible. i said what is terrible? we have to have balance. even if it is not complete. we have to have balance. i say this withany countries. we finished the meeting and everybody was happy. i agreed to sign something. i asked for changes. i demanded changes. in fact, the picture with angela merkel whom i get along very well where i am sitting here like this. i'm wait f the document because i wanted to see the finalent with the changes i requested. that was a friendly meeting. i know it did not look friendly. i know it was reported nasty. i was angry -- actually we were
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talking the whole group about something unrelated to everything. very friendly. waiting for the document to come back. i got on the plane and i think justin did not know that air force one has about 20 televisions. i see the television. he is giving a news conference about how he will not be pushed around by the united states. i say him around? we just shook hands. it was very friendly. countries cannot continue to take advantage of us on trade. the numbers are out. over the last couple of years, and over the last many years, over the last couple of years especially, this country has lost $800 billion on trade with other countries. the biggest one china. 8 $800 billion. $151 billion with the eu. they don't take our agriculture products. barely. they don't take a lot of what we have and they send mercedes-benz
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to us and bmws to us by the millions. very unfair. very unfair to our workers. i'll straighten it out. it won't even be tough. thank you. >> go ahead. go ahead. i would like to involve congress, yes. i have a good relationship with justin trudeau. other than he had a news conference because he assumed i was in an airplane and he thought i wasn't watching. he learned. you can't do that. we laughed. we had a good relationship. i had a good relationship with justin. i have a very good relationship with angela merkel. on nato, we're paying 4.2% and
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she is paying 1% of the smaller gdp than we have. we are paying 4.2%. we are paying from 60% of 90% of nato. we are protecting countries of europe. on top of it, they kill us on trade. you can't have it that way. it is unfair to the tax ppayers and people. i have a good relationship with justin. i think a very good relationship with chairman kim right now. i really do. i hope it's good because if it is, we will solve a very big problem. we have gone a long way to solving it. should we keep going for a little while? i don't know. it is up to the legendary sarah huckabee sanders. should we keep going, sarah? okay. we'll go. i don't care. it just means we get home later in the evening, right? go ahead. sure. go ahead.
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>> hi, mr. president. welcome to singapore. >> thank you. >> i hope you enjoyed our food. >> very much. i did. >> you described this as process. what is the needed next step?is? >> yes. we are getting together next week to get into the details. secretary pompeo. next week with john bolton and entire team to go over details and get this stuff done. we want to get it done. he wants to get it done. we are also working very much with south korea and working withap. we are working with china to a lesser exextent. we are working with china. >> are you coming back to singapore? >> i would come back gladly. your prime min was fantastic. we were with him yesterday. it was very welcing. probably made a difference. great place. thank you very much. yes, ma'am. >> thank you, mr. president. >> thank you, mr. president.
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what was it about that first interaction with chairman kim this morning that made you decide not to walk away after you said you would know within the first minute if he wasn't sincere. >> i said that about relationships. i said that about people. you know in the first second. i was generous. five seconds. you know in the first second in some cases. sometimes that doesn't work out. sometimes it does. we didn't just start coming in and talking about the complex subjects that have been going on for 70 years. we have been discussing this for months. and you know, once the rhetoric stopped, once they did a great thing -- you know, north korea did a great thing by going to the olympics. the olympics and president moon will tell you this the olympics was not exactly doing great.
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people didn't feel like being bombed out of the opening ceremonies. they weren't exactly selling tickets. as soo the chairman, chairman kim said, let's participate in theolympics, it sold like wild fire. he did great thing. it was a great success. since that time, pretty much since that time, delegation came from north korea and came to the white house. they sai lots of things, including the fact they would be willing to denuke. we have one of their great people here today that they were willing to denuke. once t started we have been really talking about that from the end of the olympics when the delegation came to say various things including denuking. >> if i may, a second quon. in the document you signed earlier today, north korea commitme committed to denuclearization.
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to borrow a phrase to criticize your predecessors and political opponents. how do you ensure north korea is not all talk and no action? >> can i ensure you will sit down properly when you sit down? you can't ensure anything. all i can say is they want to make a deal. that's what i do. my whole life has been deals. i have done great at it. that's what i do. i know when somebody wants to deal and i know when somebody doesn't. a lot of politicians don't. that's not their thing. this could have been done a long time ago. i know for a fact. i feel very strongly. my instinct or ability or taley want to make it a deal. it is a great thing for the world. it is also a great thing for china. i can't imagine china is happy with somebody having nuclear weapons so close. that's china which was very helpful. i think he wants to make a deal.
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can anybody be certain? we are going to be certain soon. the negotiations continue. thank you very much. go ahead. >> you mentioned that you have raised extensively the issue of human rights with chairman kim. i wonder what you would say with the people who have no ability to hear or see this press conference? the 100,000 north korean kept in a network of gulags? have you legitimized them? >> i think i helped them. there is nothing i can say. all i can do is do what i can do. we have to stop the nukes. at a certain point you will ask me a more positive question or make a statement. not much i can do right now. at a certain point i believe he is going to do things about it. i think theyre

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